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April 19, 1-907. 



that all otlier things are relatively in position. 
The screen tilling above tie-beam level is much 
more appropriate than the one before alluded to. 
The exterior of this church somehow looks better 
■in elevation in perspective. Perhaps this is 
due to the draughtsmanship. "F.aith " has a 
-good and a plainer tower than the last ; but we do 
not like the pew seating at the east end of the 
^outh aisle. The sacrarium is of good shape. 
The segmental arch over the porch does not har- 
monise with the west window or agree with the 
semicircular arc.ide within. " Xoric's " plan has 
■several good points ; but the tower serves no use 
interHally, and the porch looks verv insignificant. 
The saddle-back tower by " Xigel '' is countrified 
and pleasing, with a capital sense of proportion. 
The rest of the design is indifferent, however, 
and the plan is unfinished and poor. "(Juatre, 
\ois" gives attention to the circumstance of plan- 
ning. His failure is architecturally concerned. 
The remaining proposals are by "Crocket," 
"Mold," ■■ Dick," "Nabob" (utterly poor and 
■ugly), and " .Smix," -who ranks last. 

The following formed the instructions to com- 
petitors for this subject :— A Hamlet Church to 
seat 1.50 people in the body of the building, 
which is to consist of a nave and south aisle, with 
organ chamber on the N. side of the chancel. 
The chancel is to be divided from the church by a 
dwarf stone screen, .')ft. high above the nave floor, 
there being four 6in. steps at the entrance to the 
choir, with a suspended roof over, and no chancel 
arch. The choir to be composed of eight men 
and ten boys. Two priests' stalls to he provided. 
The lectern to rise oU the dwarf stone screen wall, 
and be used from the chancel. The pulpit is also 
to form part of the screen wall, and be approached 
from the choir side. A return-way for the com- 
municants to be contrived on the south side of 
choir, and divided off from it by a wooden screeui 
The clergy and choir vestry to be at end of south 
aisle. Services will be cond'ucted with full ritual : 
make provision accordingly. The east end of the 
-hancel to be square. Timber roof, thick walls, 
traceried windows of simple character, massively 
handled : design to be suitable for a small stone 
modern country church. Site to fall one in ten 
from west to east. The west end to have a r2ft. 
■wide space right across the church. 1ft. above the 
nave, and the font is to occupy a central position 
here. The south porch is to "enter at this level. 
Xo west door is needed. Put broom, coal, and 
heating-place on the north side, under organ- 
chamber. Provide a bell-tm-ret and square tower 
of bold and low proportions over the nave at its 
west end. Style left to the competitors. Plan, 
two elevations, section, and view required. Scale 
8ft. to the inch. 


AT the Royal Institution on Friday e%-ening 
a lecture on this subject was delivered by 
Professor A. H. Church. Sir .Tames Crichton- 
Browne occupied the chair. Discussing the agents 
which brought about the destruction of stonework 
in towns. Professor (.'hurch. who illustrated his 
topic with numerous lantern views, said that 
sulphuric acid must be given the first place, 
though water, which acted as a carrier for the 
sulphuric acid and as a solvent for the sulphates 
formed, and also did damage by condensing on 
frescoes, could not be passed over. It had been 
calculated that the amount of sulphuric acid 
poured out into the air of London amounted to 
between half a million and one million tons 
annually, ilost of the sulphur in coal escaped, 
■when the coal was burnt, in the form of sulphuric 
and sulphurous acids. Illuminating gas was a 
minor source of sulphur, but the amount it con- 
tained had trebled since ( >ctober, 190.5, ■n-hen the 
regulations restricting the amount of sulphur 
allowable in London gas had been relaxed. 
There was also sulphur in paraffin oil. The 
effect of sulphuric acid in the atmosphere was 
that the carbonate of lime of the stone was 
converted into sulphate, the carbonic acid 
escaping. To treat stone which had decayed 
through action of this kind with limewash". as 
was sometimes done, was unsound in theorv 
and ineffective in practice. It ■n'as preferable to 
employ repeated coats of a 3 per cent, solution of 
baryta, applied as a fine spray, in cases where the 
surface of the stone was very tender, and with a 
Tise sj-ringe or a brush .as it got stronger. The 
baryta water was absorbed bv the stone, and con- 

by absorbing carbonic acid from thi' atmosphere, 
gradually became carbonate, and thus the stone 
was hardened and reconsolidated. The baryta 
permeated through the stone, and its effect was 
not to form merely an outside scab on the surface, 
as had been suggested. This treatment was not 
suited to stone which had been simply weathered 
by water and carbonic acid : but the presence of 
sulphate of lime in the decayed stone to the extent 
of 2 per cent, was sufficient to render it applicable. 
There were advantages in associating with the 
baryta a treatment with ceresin wax, which had 
also been used alone, ■with apparent success so far, 
in the case of some modern buildings. Ceresin 
wax was also useful for mural paintings : besides 
waterproofing the surface, it had the property of 
reconstituting the ground and thus of enabling 
repairing touches of colour to be put on. 


THE promise of success that was evident during 
the first week of the Building Trades Exhibi- 
ticmat I llympia has been more than ful tilled, and on 
occasions it has been exceedingly difficult to get 
about the huge building on account of the crowds. 
Of course, the exhibitor prefers not to have such a 
number of visitors as entered the exhibition on 
Saturday last, when over 20,000 passed the turn- 
stiles : but it proves the interest taken in the dis- 
play not only by the architect, the surveyor, and 
the builder, but by the foremen and workmen 

The Prince and Princess of Wales paid the 
Exhibition a visit on Tuesday afternoon. Their 
Royal Highnesses were conducted round the 
Exhibition by Mr. H. G. Montgomery, and 
were evidently keenly interested in all they saw, 
asking many questions of the exhibitors with 
reference to the various appliances. They also 
closely inspected the architectural drawings lent 
by well-known architects, and exhibited in the 
Annexe near to the BriLnixo News Stand, and 
afterwards ascended by Messrs. Waygood's lift to 
the Uallery. 

The .Society of Municipal Engineers will visit 
the Exhibition this (Friday) afternoon, when a 
Conference of R^ad-makers and Road-users will 
take place at 3 p.m., and several papers pre- 
viously circulated will be discussed. 

To-morrow is the closing day, and it is not im- 
probable that many who will becoming to London 
by the various excursions in connection with the 
Cup Final at the Crystal Palace will include a 
visit to I ilympia in their programme. 

AVe continue our notices of the exhibits. 

Stand No. 48, Row B, is occupied by Messrs. 
A. Vi'. Green and Co., showing a unique new 
plaster and cement called "Marblite." The par- 
ticular quality of this plaster is that it is a pure 
gj'psum plaster manufactured under Mr. W. 
Brother's ]>atent . and can be papered, piinted, 
distempered, or enamelled upon within two hours 
of its setting. It has a beautiful marble-like 
surface, and can be used for external work as well 
as for interior work. Its great strength has been 
demonstrated at the Exhibition, where two sample 
briquettes were prepared at 11 a.m. and tested at 
3 p.m. at Stand N'o. 16 by the Associated Portland 
Cement Manufacturers, Ltd., the neat marblite 
cement briquette breaking at 6-501b. to the square 
inch tensile, and the plaster marblite briquette i 
gauged .5 of sand to 1 of marblite breaking at 
'2101b., thus showing the wonderful strength of 
the plaster. 

Frazzi Fireproof Construction, Ltd., of 
Essex Wharf, Dm'ward-street, Whitechapel, E., 
exhibits at the same stand a small building in 
the Frazzi Terracotta Slabs. The construi tion 
illustrates most of the numerous applications of 
the material to building work, whether for fire- 
proofing or building proper. The fireproof floors 
are of various types, that used for the Piccadilly 
Hotel, and here showh, being in lintel form, with 
hollow terracotta slabs set on skewbacks, which 
co\er and protect the flanges of the steel joists. 
Thirty-five thousand yards of this floor are being 
fixed at the Piccadilly Hotel. The Frazzi girder- 
casing and stanchion-casing insure complete 
protection of the steel against fire. The Frazzi 
partitions have been used in a number of notable 
buildings, such as the T'nion Jack Club, the 
Royal Army Medical College, Charing Cross 
Hospital. \c. 

A new partition — "Brown's Brick Partition " 
is shown. It is offered in one and a half 
inch, two and a quarter inch, three inch, and 

will hold nails firmly. The rom|iany makes a 
speciality of cheap building work designed to 
compete with corrugated iron buildings in price, 
and yet to be permanent and artistic. It is worth 
noting that the directors of the firm are also 
directors of .Tame3 Brown (London), Ltd., whose 
ornamental bricks are well and long known to the 
building trade. 

The.Vutomatic Self- Folding Doors (Bay 20) form 
one of the most novel and interesting exhibits. 
They can be adapted to any class of building, are 
completely draught, dust, and noise proof, are 
secure against panic, and are very economical, as, 
not only is the price reasonable, but no extra 
attendants are required to assist in the working. 
Messrs. T. and K. McKenzie, Thatrher"»-yard, 
Moreton-terrace, Lupus-stn-et, S.W., will be 
pleased to give estimates for fixing. 

Our notices last week were in many cases 
curtailed for want of space, and this was par- 
ticularly the case with regard to Ripolin, whose 
altar-like exhibit has been one of the most 
admired stands in the hall. Kipolin's .salient 
point is the smooth finish it gives to everything 
treated with it, and this is lasting, and can be 
washed, over and over again. Besides the gloss 
paint the manufacturers have invented a flat paint, 
which has a silk-like matt or flat surface specially 
desirable for mural decoration. Ripolin can be 
put to a variety of uses, and although it may be 
possible to buy cheaper paints, these may in the 
end be more expensive, while Ripolin is durable 
and washable and requires no varnish. 

AtBa}-s22and23, (i-allery, Messrs. Brookes, Ltd., 
show various specimens of glazed brick and tiles 
manufactured at their new works, near Halifax. 
They are of a high standard of quality and finish, 
and the glazes are guaranteed to be hard, 
durable, and leadless. They have also on view 
several appliiations of their " Silex " hard Vork 
stone, which has been used in many of the 
Government buildings. 

At Stand 109. Row F, the I Hiver Typewriter 
Co., 75, Ijueen ^'ictoria-st^eet, have demonstrated 
the practicability of their visible typewriter, and 
have also rendered service to exhibitoi-sand others 
with their stenographic department. 

Messrs. Pemberton, Arber, and Co., I, Gray's 
Inn Passage, whose name is well known in con- 
nection with heating, lighting, and ventilation, 
are showing in the Annexe a new door for public 
buildings. Its chief novelty lies in the fact that 
immediately a pel's ;>n steps on the mat to enter 
or leave the building the door aucomatically 
opens and shuts, whilst its advantages are 
many and apparent. The invention is only a 
matter of a few weeks old, but the mechanism is 
so simple and so easily adapted that i\Iessrs. 
Pemberton and Arber are prepared to negotiate 
at once for installation. 

An exhibit which shows the delightful effect 
which can be produced by using broken colours 
in brickwork is to be found at Stand 126. Row G. 
— Messrs. C. H. Norris, Ltd.. Erith. The exhibit 
has been specially designed for the firm by Mr. 
R. Frank Atkinson, F.K I.B..\.. and represents 
a pa\ilion or garden-liouse in the Georgian style. 
Various specimens of the ■' C.H.N." bricks are 
also shown. 

Messrs. Bratt, Colbran, and Co.. Mortimer- 
street wall space 170), show their patent 
"Heaped" fire in action. It is probably the 
best and most up-to-date open fire that can be 
obtained : it has no front bars, is economical in 
fuel, gives great heat into the room, and is .so 
constructed that very few ashes remain, and dirt 
and dust are reduced to a minimum. Some of the 
mantel registers exhibited are \ery simple and 
effective, and especially suitable for bedrooms and 

Messrs. Samuel Elliott and Soils, Ltd., Cavers- 
ham, Reading, have a fine display at Stand 128, 
Row G, of joinery and mouldings, including a 
handsome carved Austrian oak chimney-piece, 
alcove, oak doors and overdoors, massive oak 
stairs, also a pair of Spanish mahogany doors 
for Gaddesdon Manor, under Mr. Cole A. Adams, 
architect, and a fine figured pitch-pine door, which 
is worthy of inspection. The whole of the exhibit, 
consisting of orders in hand, speaks well for the 
high-class work executed bj- this firm. Messrs. 
Elliott also have a great variety of mouldings for 
all classes of work and in all kinds of wood. 
They also show Elliott's patent " Perfect 
Simplex ' ' Weather Bar for casements opening 
inwards, for which fifteen medals and diplomas 
have been awarded. 



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Siippleiiieiit to the Buildixc. Xews, Ji'I;i 12, 1907. 





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Siipptemeiit to the Bcildino Xews, J"/y 12, 1907. 


[For Index to IlluBtrations see pag-e VI.] 

ABBEYS : AbbeyJore, AU ; Buildwas 
pointed arch at Uti; Canterbury (St. 
Augustine] 638 : Culross, it3 ; (iluston- 
huiy. 81 ; Haughtoond, 538 : Hexham 
(discoveries at; JS2 716; Kelso, 413; 
Romsey. 671 ; Selby, 92. 581. S^7 : 
Tewkesbury, feS7 ; Toomey, 92 ; Weat- 
mJDBter ^indexed illustrations of) 1.^ 
Aberdeen : architectural association, 4SI ; 

water supply, 807 
Abstraction oi water, no remedy f-ir, 328 
Academy, royal : architecture at, t>08, 64) ; 
lectures, 268, bOI, 337 ; old masters at, 55 ; 
pictures and sculpture at, 6u7, 641, 6l7, 
Academy, royal Scottish- changes at. 116 
Accepting competition awards, loval'^y in, 

Accounts, huggermusrger buildin^. 852 
Acton municipal buildings, 1^, 328, 548, 

619, 77;i, 785, H72 
Ad\-erti:^e, should architects t 378 
Advertisement regulations Bill, 652 
Advice, negligent, architects charged with, 

150 I 

Aggregates for concrete floors, 257 | 

Agglutinant*, 670 ', 

Agricultural Holdings Act 301, 412 , 

Aiisa * 'raig. quarrying at, 437 
Air, frif^tional resistance to flow of, 841 I 
Allen. W. J.. Norwich, the late. 92 
Allott, C. S., Manchester, the Ute, 342 
Alm'^houses, club designs, 159 i 

Altar, wrought iron. 619 
Alterations, church, without faculty. 739 | 
Amenities of Edinburgh, injunng" the. 673 j 
America : architects' prospects m, 364 : 
revisited, 12t, 196.410: State architects 
m, '292; waterworks in, 6ti0 
American : and Kuropean school arcbi- 
teHure, 156 ; gold medal and Sir A. 
Webb, 81, 116, 292 ; house pamters' 
association. 601 
Anchorage of isinger building tDwer, 616 
Ancient use of marbles. 122 
Animals in art exhibition, Whitechapel, 

Annual meeting. R.T.B.A., 643. 646 
An'i'iuanes, society of, Bristol, 128; 

Royal, 680 
Appeal : building Act [Lilley and Skinner) 

819 ; tribunal of. powers uf, 416 
Appomtment uf uoiiualified architects. 611 
Apportionments ; for street repairs. 739 ; 
paving, 6(.3 land pleaaure grounds) 603 
(enfureement ufi 272 
Arbitrations: Chippenham, 63 : Guildford. 
538 ; Manchester, 150 : Matlock, 166 ; 
Tamworth, 9u9 
Archj+'Oiogical societies : Norfolk, 473, 

785 ; Yorkshire, 163 
A^cb;^-ology : Glasgow lectureship in, 151 ; 

Saroinian. 5C6 
Architect, certificate issued by insane, 774 ; 

the man who is hU own. 115 
Architects : and architects, 879 ; and 
clients, 709; and Irish Local Govern- 
ment Board. 705 ; and workmen s com- 
pensation act, 677.682; are they over- 
paid T &15 ; asylum. 116 ; benevolent 
society, 123 ; British, royal institute, 
122. 191, 193, 263, 377, 4'Jt). 415. 516. 577, 
643, 646, 743, 745. 811, 816, 851, SSO, 910 
(and county hall competition) 55. 307, 
743 (and registration: 3d3, 3^9 [elections' 
163. 202, 236. 679 (examinations) 777 j 
(licentiates) 888 (new charter) 845, 850 | 
(prize drawings) 119. 123. 155. 235 (re- ; 
oi^anisation) 227. 271 (visic to Edin- ^ 
burgh) 784 ; city depaitment, Bradiord. 
257; claim (for personal injuries) 115 i 
(for unexecuted work) 151; congrtss, j 
Vienna. 474 ; drawings, ownership of, 
62; emigration for. 261; fees. 1.30,569; ; 
Glasgow institute. 306. 668. 704 ; licenses , 
iin California) 399 (in IQmois) 399; 
mulcted fc»r negligent advice. 160 ; odice 
records. 477 ; of Ireland, roval institute 
of, 53. 20t>, 269. 307, 363, b'M, 672, 821 : 
qualification, 882 ; registration or trades- 
unionism, 323; should they advertise! 
:i78; pocietiea (Bradford) 162 (Bristol 
672 (Manchester 91, 200,256, *2b9. 413, 
568, 718 (Sheffield) 94. 269. 414. 608; 
society, the, 129, 162, 223, :{63, 4C'8, 410, 
SSO. 663. 681. 712, 718 [at Bath) 672. 881 
(studentship desi^s) 744, 751: state in 
America. 292; training of, 817; un- 
qualified, appointment of. 611 
Architectural : associations , Aberdeen 48t 
Birmingham I *^ii Eoinhuigh'i 129, 2(i9, 
307, 398, 47;J. 484, 5S0, til7.'704, 8il, 908 
(Gloucestershire) 20tt. 3^3, 4SI, 784 (Ire- 
laud) 128, 20'.), 363. 413. 752 irvjndonl 
85, 93, 166, 229, 299,370, 449. 542, 610,807 
(competitions) 778 (dinner) 646 (extra- 
vaganza) 223, 364 sketchbook) 2:^2 
(Northern) 393. 536, 568, 704 \Wolver 

prow. 704 ; detail. Xorman and Gothic, 
399; education in Birmingham. 60; ex- 
hibition, Edinburgh, ls7. t'46 ; journal- 
ism. 26 j ; photographs exhibition, 578; 
poeieties. 1(1 1 Uevon and Exeter'; 080 
^Leeda and Yorkshire) 93. 1«2. 256, 306, 
S:'^. 413 J.iverpool) 62. 2O0, 393 
Architecture : and the craftsman, 337 : at 
the Academy, 607. 645 ; copyright in, 474 ; 
essentials in. 811 ; evolution of, 162 ; 
Liverpool, 610; mediioval military, 307 ; 
new history of. SS-i ; of Loudon, 707 ; 
practice of, in our smaller towns, 87 ; 
school, American and European, 156 ; 
science in. 607 ; Spanish, 370 
Are architects overpaid .' 845 
Argyle lodging, story of the, 784 
Armoured concrete cisterns and tanks, 191 
Arrangement of modem churches. 85 
Art : advisory council for t'anada, 707 ; 
collections fund, national. 604 ; schools 
(Edinburgh) 753 (rating of) 115 
Artioans" dwellings. Child's Hill. 2«9 
Artists, royal society of Britiso, exhibition, 

Arts : and crafts school. Camberwell, 121 ; 

limitations of the, 338 
Arundel drawings. National gallery, 116 
Asbestos wood. 875 

Brick, cost of a falling, 63. 150 

Bricka : glass, 400 ; sand-lime, 570 

Brickwork, hardening. 908 

Bridges ; Ayr ^ Auldj 787 ; Blackfriara 
,'wideninffj 1S6; Citv-toad. reconstruct- 
ing. 416 ; Nile. 886 ; (Quebec. 414 ; 
Southwark, 92 ; Stakeford, 414 ; Victoria 
Falls, 414 

Bristol: architectural court fo', 188 ; art 
exhibition, 292 ; master builders' asso- 
ciation, 2oO ; over-building' in. 3)5 ; 
society of antiquaries, 128 ; society of 
architects, 672 

British : architects, roval institute. 122, 
191, 193. 263, .377, 406." 4l5, 515. 577, 643. 
646, 74i, 741,811,816.880, 883,910; (ind 
county hall competition) 55, 307, 743 
(and registration ' 333. 3^9 (elections) 163, 
20^, 236, 679 examinations) 777 (new 
charter of) 845 i,prize drawings) 119, 121, 
155, 235 (reorganisation) 227, 271 (right 
to vote at; 811, 851 ;vi-»ic to Edinburgh 
784; artists, royal society, 441; decora- 
tors, institute of, 62 ; marble workers. 

■ 20i : museum [extension) 8S7 [Greek and 
Roman life ai) 707: Uralite Co, Ltd., 
53 ; woodlands, improvement of. 579 

Brittaoy, Normandy, and Tourraioe, 820 

Bromwich and Clarse. in re, 166 

Aspects, some, of training and design, 299 j Brough, llobert, pictures ot late, 192 

Asphalte on concrete roofs. SOS 
Assibtiut, tjuaniity student'' s, 304 
Associations : (.Aberdeen) 484 ; architec- 
tural f Birmingham) f;u > Edinburgh) 128, 
269, 307, i98, 473, 484. 580, 617, 704, 8-fl, 
9118 (do. dinner, 846 (do. exhibition) 187. 
P46 , Gloucestershire! "iOO, 363. 4S4, 784 
[IreUnd, 128. 200. 363, 413, 75^ (London^ 
85. 1-3, 156, 2-29, 299. 370, 449, bii, 610. 
807 .competitions I 77a lextravaganza) 
223, 36* isketchbookj 232 \Northemj 
398.536,568, 704 ( Wolverhampton) 129 ; 
clerks of works, 375, 762 (Newcastle do.) 
473 ; district surveyors, 2o9 ; house 
painters (American) 604 ; master 
buillers' (Birrowj 162 (BnstolJ 200 
(King's NortOQ) 200 (L'andudno) 307 
(Southampton; 266 ; municipal engi- 
neers, 718. 78*. 874, 908; quantity sur- 
veyors', 617. 782 
Assouan, submerged antiquities at, 807 
Asylums: blind (Maochester) 199.269,298, 
307, 379; lunatic [architecta'J 116 (Box- 
jted, Eisex) 130 .Long Grove, Epsom) 
Attorney General v. Metcalf and Greig. 

Auctioneers' institute. 93. 704 
Austin's sighting invention, 81 
Australia, Western, timbers of, 52 
Authorities, public, protection act. 909 
Authority, local, anu damages, 752 
Awards, competition, loyalty in accepting, 


Badirt, G. C. Hems and the. 115 | 

Baker, Sir Benjamin, the late, 717, 889 
Bangor college competiti-^n. 2 
Bank fa«-ade, club designs, 302 
Banks : 'Xet*ierfield. 487 ; Shanghai, 203 
[ Barnet. New, latal tire, 116 
' Barrow ii»aster builders' as30cia^ion, 162 
I Ba^'iogstuke waterworks, 582 
Baths, public: Acton. P08; Asbton-in- 
i MakerSeld. 328; Reddish, Stockport, 
I 719; Silford, 872, 881. 8^3 
1 Bath : society of architects at, 672, 881 ; 
, Stone Firms. L,ti., 399 

Beauvais. Flamboyant carving at. 369 
! Belfast corporation and Sir A. B. Thomas, 
! 875 ; 

Benevolent : institution (buildTs' clerks') 

398. 617 ; societies ^architects') 123 i 
I (timber trades) 162 > 

Benedictine mmsters, two. 631, 712 i 

Bills of quantities, surveyors' employ- 
ment on. 268, 472 ' 
Biological processes, sewage disposal by, | 

Birmingham : architectural association. ' 
60 'education in 60; Bume Jones 
tapestries at. 224 ; housing scheme for. 
81 : institute of sanitiry engineers, 704 ; 
master plumbers. 398 ; rejected street 
improvement, 471 
Blind asvlum, Manchester, 199, 269, 298, 

3nr. 379 
Boat house, Nuneham, .653 
Boilers, corrosion in, 416 
Bond, the. 160 

Boston. Mass., height of buildings at, 116 
Botanical specimen house, 273 
Bovey Tracpy, reservoir and drainage 
j troubles, 186 
Bradford : city architect's department, 

257 : society uf architect->. 162 
Branch bink fa«;i le, club designs, 302 

Bruges, sketches io, 68.^ 
Buck. A.. Worcester, the late, SSO 
Builder and bricklayer, action by. 115 
Builders: clerks' benevolent in-.titution. 
308. 617 ; federation, national, 94 : fore- 
men, Newcastle, 484 ; Irauds on. b3. 22^ ; 
London, charges tor water to, 480 : 
manual. 482; master, associations (Bar- 
row) 162 i,Briscol) 2'tO Kmg's Norton 
200 Llandudno . 307 (, Southampton) 25H 
pricebook, Lockwood's, 91 ; tlandii 
action, 272 

Building : accounts, huggermugger, 852 ; 
Acts. 518 (interpretation ofj 165 (ob- 
structing works under) 257 ; by-laws, 
breach of, 773, 84 1 ; code for Manchester. 
258. 29ii ; construction, legal hindrances 
to modern, 544. 611 ; court wanted for 
London, 506. 538, 638 : gallery, 577 ; is a 
portable theatre a. 115; line (Crystal 
Palace parade) 603 (Euston-road! 740 : 
materials, elfect of Dre on, 4ii3. 410; 
methods in Nature's workshop, 774 ; 
News (designing club) 1.59, 303, 449, 
546, 783 : sketcbiug tour in France) 399 ; 
plates, sound-proof, 579 ; stone, a 
durable, 364 ; trades colonial prefer- 
ence and the) 541 (.exhibition, Olympia 
399, 412, 478,511, 538,547 

Buildings : Cistercian. 116 ; concrete, 
centring for, 9 ; German, handbook of, 
410; historic, conservation of. 547 ; in 
earthquake countries, construction of. 
306 ; marble, 412 ; modern. 6. 373 

Bullock, Geo.. Shrewsbury, in re, l^iO 

Bungalow designs, society of architects. 

Bungalows. Shoreham, 741 

Burgos cathednil. 417 

Burntisland, building progress in, 61 

Business premises : Chippenham, 167 ; 
Catnf orth (co-op ) 873 ; Edinburgh, 
717 ; Fencburch-street, E,C. (Lloyd s) 
10; Liverpuol (Liver) 786. 8S9 ; Man- 
chester, 167 ; Paignton [co-op.) '27 ; 
St. George's- place, Kensington, 18S ; 
Wakefield. 4.63 

By-laws, building, breaches of, 773, 811 

hampton) 129 ; craftsmen's society, Qlas- I Brandis, Sir Dietrich, the late, 784 

CAEN stone. Canterbury cathedral. 126 
California, architects' liceoses in. 399 
Callendev's Cable and Construction Co., 

707, 808 
Caiman v. Maybury— slander action, 272 
Camberwell scbool of art and crafts, 121 
Cinada : advisory council of art, 707 ; a 
warning, 11. 63, 202, 308; prevention (jf 
strikes bill. 875 
Canterbury : castle, 437 ; cathedral, Caen 

stone at, 126 
Carditf : housing conference, 224 : sewer- 
age works, 399, 705 ; water supply, 63, 
Carpenters' Co. : lectures, ISS ; schools, 

Carron Co.'s catalogue, 437 
Carving, Flamboyant, at Beauvai?, 369 
Castings, Milton, 91 
Castle. J.. Birmingham, the late, 92 
Castles : Canterbury, 437 ; Stokesay, 583 
Cast steel, strength of, 604 
Cathedrals : Beauvais i Flamboyant car- 
ving 369; Bergamo. 237: Burgos, 417; 
Canterbury, 126, 786 ; Duiham, 203 ; 
Gloucester. 681. 7V?.: Hereford. 9.!. 
684, 718 ; Liverpool, 481 ; Llandatf, 
1 671 ; Manchester, 61 ; Newcastle-ou- 
I Tyue (organ) 167 ; Norw.cb, 681, 712 ; 

Peterborough, 664; St. Asaph. 671 : St. 
Pauls, safety of. 474, 673. 875; Siena, 
379 ; Southwark screen'! 53 ; West- 
minster R.C.) 234. 512 ; Winchester, 92, 
127. 377 ; York. 93 
Cavern. Misson Hill, Matlock, 151 
i'aw, James, appomtment for, 570 
Cement: Portland standard specification 
for) 816 ^specitii; gravity of 376; testing. 
406. 4S5, 537, 569, 705. 739, 820, 832 ; use 
of in India, 151 
fJensus of production, 437 
Centring for concrete buildings. 8 
Centrolmead and its uses, 67 
C-ramics, Persian. 716 
(bannel tunnel. 3^9 

Chapels : Cambridge (Pembroke coll ) 619", 
Clapton Park [Congl.) 684; Glanadda. 
I Berea) 462 ; Henry VII. 's, 13 ; Holyrooa 
(restoration ofj 223, 483, 620 ; Norwich 
(Octagon) 581 ; Peterborough (Bapt.) 
681: Roedean [school] 853; Shepberd's^ 
Bush (Bapt ) 583 ; Taunton school. 270 
Cbirj^es: for water, to London builders, 
4S0 : quantity surveyors', and surveyors' 
institution, 820, 841,851,888; surveyor** 
fa-r. 13 J 
Charter, new, R.T.B. A., 845, 850 
Cbatwin. J. 4., Birmingham, the late, 81& 
Cbe39um v. McDonald and Hunt. 272 
rh,ildren"s hospitals : Birkenhead, 222 > 

Sunderland, 363. 417. 548 
Chimnev. tallest, in world. 570 
Chippett'dile table m Long Ashton work- 
house. 2H 
Chiswick sewage disposal, 393 
Church : alterations without a faculty. 739 ; 
buildiog society, incorporated. 717 ; de- 
coration. 813 ; design, modern, 263 
Churches : Abbeydore, 414 ; and manses 
competition. U.F- Presbtn., 718; An- 
nesley. burning of, 151 : Beech (mission) 
483; Braishtield AH SS.) 186 ; Bramhall 
(St. Michael ana All Angels) 704. 889 ^ 
Bryant's HiU. Bristol iWesln.) 873; 
Burntisland. 414 ; C-imberwell (Camden) 
604; Cardiff 'St. Mary R.C.) 186; City, 
the, 224; Coldstream {U.F.j 787; Cop- 
penball. Crewe, 414; Culross (Abbey > 
95; Dodford, 568; Dulwich (St. Barna- 
bas 719; Dundee, 873; East llergholt, 
131 ; Eastney (fet Margaretj 817 ;Eccles- 
hall (All SS.) 685; Egiemont (Piesbtn., 
668; Ellacombe, 127; Fivehead (brassj 
4^6 : Florence (En!.;lish) 653 (San 
Miniate), 273; Fordington, 328; Ful- 
liam St. Ktheldreda 474 ; Gosforth 
^Preabytn.) 650 ; Grimsby i,Welholme 
Congl.l 363; Hambleton ^Sc. Andrew 
131 ; hamlet, club designs. 5i6 ; Hasbury 
Hill [St. Margaret) 650 ; Headcorn, 273 : 
Henleaze, Bristol Congl. .61: Hexham 
Abbey) 482. 716: Holt. Norfolk, 270; 
Hurstpierpoint [Wesln.; 786; Ingham, 
414 ; Kilverstone St. Andrew 303. 
Kirkbv-in-Asbfield. burning ot, 151 ; 
Latchiord St. Mary R.C i 685 ; 
Leicester St. John Divine) 343 i 
Llanelly. Ivi7 : Loxhore, 234; Marton 
(St, fllargaret 485 : Melior (old 
wooden pulp't' , 224 ; modern, arrange- 
ment and design of, 85 : Mold, 5l7 ; 
Newcastle-on-Tyne (St. Augustine), 873; 
Newport, I.W.. 740 ; Newsham (St. 
Mary R.C.) 186: Northop. 617 ; Penrith 
lethgies in) 307; Pirton (Wesln,) 753 ; 
Radlett, 717 ; Koker (Presbtn,) 785; 
Rothwell, 681 ; Salisbury (St, Martin) 
487 : Selby (.Abbey) 9^. 581, 8S7 ; Shep- 
herd's Bush, 873 ; Skiibeek, 11; Smail- 
holm, 272 ; South Norwood [Congl. 1 
581 ; Stretford All SS. 683 ; Sunbury 
Common, 753; Tewkesbury (Abbeys 
8S7 ; Thomey (Abbey. 92; Usworth, 
739 : "Watford (Bapt.) '363; Werrington 
(mission) 887 ; Whitley Bay (Congl,) 
273 ; Wiilington Uuay tOur Lady.K."C.> 
270; Wolverhampton (St, Peter) 841;. 
Woolmer Green ^St. Michael) 64 
Cistercian buildings, 116 
Cisterns, armoured concrete. 191 
(_"ity : churches, the. 224 ; corporation and 
tire insurance, 116 ; road-bridges re- 
construction. 416 
Civil engineers, institution of, 672 
(.laim, architect's : for personal injuries^ 

116 : for unexecuted work. 151 
Clark, R. Ingham, the late, 751 
Cla8sroom>, science. 67 
Cleaning : oakwork, 903 ; window at 

hotels, 164 
Clerical error, taking advantage of. 272 
Clerks, builders' : benevolent institution. 
39S, 617 ; of works association, 375, 752 
Newcastle do.) 473 
Clients, architects and. 7C9 
Clontarf main dramage, tenders for, 116 
Clubs: BriLi.iNC. Nkw-^ designing. 159, 
302, 449, 646, 7SJ : T-square, 129, 162 

January to June. 190.. 


EuiLDixo NF.W9. July li 



Clubhouses : Pall Mall United Uni- 
versitT^ 653 ; Waterloo Bndge - road 
(Union Jack i SS7 ; York igolf) 487 

autton, R. G., the late. 413 

roachhouse, repairs to non-existing. 15U 

Cocksedge. R. D., in re, 7.'!9 

Code, newbuildins. M^inchester, 2.58. 292 

Colleges : Bansor I'niv. 1 2 ; Bristol (Bapt. i 
237 Moravian) 650; Cambridge (Pem- 
broke 619; Et-in. 483; Haileybury. 853 ; 
Hampstead ; I'niv. 570 ; Wellington, 
237, 673 

Collins. Lewis E. G . the late. 304 

Colonial preference and the building 
trades. 541 

Combination, sheathing and lath. 224 

Commission, L.C.C.'s, tj estate agents, 

Compensation, workmen's, .act : 272. 399 ; 
architect-^ and, 677, 682 ; employment 
under, 538 
Competition : awards, loyalty in accept- 
ing, 271; drawings, scale and style of, 
369 : infecunditits. 569. t>02 
Competitions : architectural association. 
778; asylum (blind. Old Tnittord; 199, 
269 ■*9!i 3^*7, 379; b*ths (Ashton-in- 
Ma'kerfleld) 328 Salford) 872, 881, 881 ; 
Bi-iLDiso Nf"s designing club. 1d9. 
3(12, 449, 546.783. bungalow society of 
architects 663 ; churches (and manses, 
r F. Presbytn. ; 718 (Bramball. St. 
llichaeli 701 Orirasby, Welholm» 
Con"-l. I 3«3 Hurstpierpoint, We'ln. 
785 (Uoker, Preshvtn 785 (Watford, 
Bapt.. 3(53; college Bangor university ) 
2; cottages, labiurers' (Irelaril:, 128, 
719, 752 ; council house extension liir- 
mingham 10.64,95; decoration Stock' 
518 ; departmental buildings Ottawa i 
840; dwellings, artisans' Child's HilH 
269 ; dust prevention, 64 ; element of 
cost in, 752 ; essays architectural, for 
clergy! 536 8axon Pnell 64 ; exhibition 
plan, modpl cottage i N'ewcastle-on-Tyne 
J99 (ShelKeld) 199, 3'28 ; exhibition 
(Scottish national' 783, 783 ; free libraries 
* '.\nnlield Hain 273 (Dunfermline. 
Baldridgeborn, 10 ■Ea^le^town' oi8 
Pailsworth 536, 619 Hither Green 
:U^, 379 Kendal 4k7 Plymouth 187. 
19^i! 517 Sunderland 5:^6. 705. S72 
Wednesburv S72 ; h'jmesteads (Rossall 
718 ; hospitals Oalway. feveri 3S3 
.;?alford, royal 235 (SJuderland. chil- 
dren's! 363. 417. 6<8; hou»8 for very 
poor Kingstown 6i3; hygiene, indus- 
trial, 3'28 : infirmary (workhouse, 
Edmonton! 872 : law couits Bloem- 
lontein 64; limitfd, 129, 164, 201, 236; 
London countv hall, 55, 114 1S8, 129, 164. 
1S.9, 269, 463, 5S6, 651 , 704, 70S, 872, 889 
(conditions' '231 R,r,B.A. and 65, ?i'7, 
743 ; memorial ' Aspatria. Sir W. 
Lawson) 64 ; mission hall (Shortlands. 
Oongl.! 7S6 ; museum (Bombav) 581 
'Plymouth! 889, nurses' block fSoutri- 
simpton hospital 199 ; open v. restricted, 
83, 236 ; palaces of peace (the Hague) 
124 192 ' Washington 704 ; Eiddrie 
«>tate, Glasgow, ,569, 718; R.I.B.A. 
designs. 119, 123, 156 ; schojls Barnsley, 
high 64. 128, 129 Bishop Auckland, 
fecondarv" 487, 537. 648. 675, 618. 652. 
705 (Bristol! 786 .Cambusnethan i 2.35 
•I'astleford. secondary 751, !79, 810. 872 
(Cramlington 7S5 (tjoole, secondary 
269. S.'fS (Gorton) 619. 647, 653, 721 (Had- 
field! 751 Luton, secondary: 203 (Roch- 
dale. Oakenrod 619, 678, 739, 806 
Stockton Heath 888 (Wakefield, Sil- 
coates) 718 Wallasey, grammar! 678, 
704, 753 do. high S63, 678 ; sculptural, 
regulations for, 707 ; sewerage (Elles- 
mere 128 ; studentship designs, society 
of architects, 744, 761 ; temperance 
bouse iHorlev 840 ; town halls icton; 
128, SSA. 548, 619. 779. 786, 872 .Auck- 
land. X.Z 714 Slelbourne) 548 
Complaint as to plumbers' registration, 

Concrete : armoured, cisterns and tanks, 
191 ; buildings, centring for, 9 ; fatigue 
of, 161 ; floors, aggregates for. 257 : 
homogeneous, a, 450 ; percolation of 
moisture through, 570 ; prop<, .570 ; rein- 
forced costliness of demolishing V58 
patents 267. 364 (risks of) 52 R IB.X. 
report on: 743. 745; reinforcement of, 
680 ; roofs, asphalte on, 808 
-Conditions ; London county hall competi- 
tion, 231 ; of contract, new, for Dublin, 
377, 472, 537 
Conferences ; engineering, 413 ; bousing, 
Cardiff, 224 ; land and bouting, 539 ; 
roads impiovement, 841 ; sanitation 
(Dublin 841 
Oonfessiooals, screens as, 202 
Congo roonng, 88i 
Congresses : architects', Vienna, 474 ; 

school hygiene, 639 
Cooservation of historic buildings and 

frescoes, 547 
Construction : fire-resistiog. 484 ; forms nf , 
effect of tire on. 408, 410 ; modern build- 
ing, lesal hindrances to, 544. 611 ; of 
buildings in eartb-iuake countries, i06 ; 
ornament and. 297 
Consumptives, sanatoria for ; 448 : Benen- 

den, 617 ; Kirkcaldy, 152 
Contents, cubical. 6:1 
Contract, new conditions of, for Bablin. 

377, 472, 537 
Contractors ; new risk for, 120 ; unsuccess- 
ful claim against, 538 
Co-operative premises : Camforth. 873 ; 
Manchester. 342; Paignton, l*z7 ; Sun- 
derland, 6SI 

Copvright in architecture. 474 

Cords, sash, repair of, 198 

Coroner's court. Manchester, 84.1 

Corrosion in boilers. 416 

Corruption, prevention of, 633 

Corrupt practices act. 155 

Corsellis V. L.C.C.. 399 

( 'orstopitum. Roman remains at. 437 

Cost ■ element oi, in competitions, 7o2 ; ol 

a falling bnck, 63, 160 
Costliness of rtmovingreinforced concrete, 

Cotowolds, sketches in the 821 

Cottage homes: ChurchUl, 2,0; South 

Cottige^s':' ^Beech. Staffs. 237 ; country, 
309! Best Bank, 787; Irish labourers, 
128 719 752; model, 167 (exhibiUons. 
Newcastle! 199, 613 (do., Sheffield 189, 
328; week-end. 95 . . _ ,,, 

Council house extension, Birmingham, 10, 
64.93 ., 

Countrv customs and town ways. . lo 

Countv ball competition. London, ,5^, 111, 
128 '124 164, 199. 231, 2l>9, 453, o3«, b.->l, 
70i; 705, 743, 872, *'^=l 

Court ; building, wanted for Lond.)n. 506, 
638 6.38; coroner's. Manchester. .14 1 

Courts, law : Bloemfontein, 64; Edinburgh, 

supreme. 234 
Coventry water supply. 94 
Craftsman, architecture and the, .I3i 
Craftsmen's : society, Glasgow archi- 704 , union. 306 
Crosby hall in the market. 774 
Cross." Over Peuver. 786 . , ,oa 

Crystal Palace : engineering school, 680 , 

parade, building line, 603 
Cubical contents. 63 
Custom house. Xew York. 5,0 
Customs, country, and town ways, , Id 

D AIRT farm buildings. 570 
Damages : for underground trespass, 909 ; 
local BUthonty and, 752 

Danish pictures at Guildhall grillery. 515 
Davies. Samuel, Frodsham, in re, 819 
Day works, 130 . 

Decoration : church. 813 ; of public buUd- 

ing. Academy design, 13 
Decorators British institute of, 62 
Deir el Bahari. excavations at, £39 
Delusions, surveyor's. 63 
llepartmental buildings, Ottawa. 840 
Depot. Southampton corporation, 617 
lierwent valley waterworks, 7tiH 
Design : and temperament, 301 ; modem 
church, 263 . of mooern churches, 83 ; 
trHioing and, tome aspects of, 299 
Designers, society of, 200 
Designing club, Buin.iso News, 169, 302, 

Designs; Academy, for decoration. 13; 
architectural association, 778; Bangor 
university college, 2 ; Bishop Auckland 
secondary school, 575, 6la ; BriLi'iMi 
News designing cub, 159 302, 449. 646 
763 ; Castleford secondary school. 779 ; 
Goole secondaiv fchool. 333; Gorton 
school. 647 : Manchester blind asylum. 
•J98: R.LB.A. prize. 119. 1'23, Ife ; 
Rochdale school, 678; Scottish txhlbi- 
tion. 781; society of architects' stuoent- 
ship', 744 ; Wallasey M-hools, f>78 
Detail, Norman and Gothic architectural, 

369 , . ^ 

Devon and Exeter architectural society, 

DrcSinsonand Kirkham, Bolton, in re, 704 
Dilapidations. 648 

Dinners : architectural association. 646 ; 
builders' clerks' benevolent institution. 
617 ; clerks of works' association, 375 ; 
quantity surveyors' association, 617 ; 
society of aTChit,^cis. 573.578 
Di-posal. sewage, by biological processes, 

District turveyors : and private practice, 

506 ; association, 269 
Dobson, George, Colchester, the late, 61 
D.'Clis: Aberdeen, '^71; Birkenhead. 718 
Bombay, 128 ; Cai-go Fleet, 271 ^- 
miogham, 886 ; Southampton. 93 
Dockyard, royal. Devonport. 271 
Door; and window fittings, 541 

Kannel revolving, 512. Wi 
Dovercourt, sewerage works for. 774 
Doyle. Patrick, Aladrss, the late, 617 
Drain ; or sewer. 328 ; repairing, 739 
Draper V. Lorden and Sibey, 237 
Drawings; architect.', ownership of 
measured, 477 (prize. Institute 225 
Dress, Greek, in life and urt, 224 
Drift under roofiDg, 618 
Drv farth system, 2.36 
Dublin; Irish exhibition, 6^8. 652; new 
conditions of contract m, 377, 472, 537 ; 
sanitation conference. 811 
Dudlev. Old. art society. 261 
Duke.'E. L. P.. Plymouth, in re. 466 
Dundee school board and iheii architect, 

606 „ ^ 

Durable building stone, a, 364 
Dustless roads, motorists and. 128 
Dust prevention : 64 ; experiments in 

(Brecon 875 (Hull;! nb9 
Dwellings: Bethnal Green (Sutton: 650; 
Child's Hill artisans',! 269; Kingstown 
for very poorj 653 

EARTH, dry, syst»m,2:i6 

Earthquake countries, construction 01 

buildings in, 306 
Easement of light, notes on, 292 
' Ecclesiological society, Scottish, 1'29, 473 

Edinburgh : architectural association, 128. 
M9. Sor, 398, 473, 484. 580, 617. 704, 821. 
9j8 (exnibition; 187, 846 ; improvement 
schemes, 305 ; injuring the amenities 
of 673- ordained surveyors' society, SOb, 
473 536- R.I.B.A. visit to, 784; Scottish 
exhibition. 783, 785 ; unoccupied property 
in. 52 ; water supply. 507 

Education, architectural, in Birmingham, 

Effect of fire on building materials and 

forms of construction. 408, 410 
Elections, R.I.B.A.. 163, '202. 236, 679 
Electrical engineersbip, Salford, 81 
Element of cost in competitions, 752 
EUesmere sewerage competition, 128 
Emigration for architects, 261 
Emplovers' liability, 70i 
Employment; of surveyors on bills ot 

quantities, 2B8, 472; under workmen s 

ctMnpensalion act. 538 
Enforcement of paving apportionments, 

Ebgmeering ; conference. 413 ; head- 
quarters. New York. 638 ; sanitary, 83 . 
school. Crystal Palace. 580 
Engineers ; civil, mstituUon of, 672 , 
municipal and county, aasoaation ot, 
718, 784. 874, 908; sanitary, Birming- 
ham institute of, 704 
English : art club. new. 750 ; T. metro- 
politan water board . 328 
Error, clerical. Uking advantage of, 272 
Essay prizes : lor clergy, 636 ; baxon- 

SneU, 64 
Essentials in architecture, 811 , 
Estate agents, L.C.C.'s commission to, 5Cb 
Estuary, Thamis, purification tf, 70, 
European and American school aichi- 

tecture, 156 
Euston-road, building line in, ,40 
Kvolution of architecture. 162 
Examinations. R.LB.A . hints for. 777 
Exchanges ; Birmingham (telephone) 2,0 ; 

Kingsway ibusines*) 131 
Exhibitions : architectural Edinburgh, 
187 846 ; architectural photographs, 
578' ■ Bristol art, 292 ; Broughs pictures, 
192 : building trades . Olympial, 399, 412. 
478 511. 538, 547; Camberwell school of 
arts and crafts. 121; cottages mode 
(Ne»ca8tle-on-Tyne) 199, 6 3 (Shetheld 
199 328 ; Danish pictures at Guildhall 
gallery, 515 ; tine art society vironwork 
at) 649 ; home arts and industries. 7o3 ; 
housing garden ciiy , 841 ; international 
society of sculptors and painters, 56; 
Irish, Dublin. 638, 652 ; miniature 
painters' society. Iv3 ; motor olympia 
365; new English art club, 7oO ; New 
Gallery, 671; old Dudley art society. 
261 ■ Persian ceramics . Burlington club 
716- Peterheid lart; 1^7 ; Pittsburgh 
(paintings 2.'-S ; Rome .arcbi.'Ological; 
364 ; roval academy architecture at 6t8, 
645 old masters; 05 (pictuies and sculp- 
ture at) 607, 6»:j, 647.719; royal society 
British anists, 441 ; Ruskin. 365; Scottish 
national. 783. 783; Wttitechapel, 18,, 
228 (animals in art 474 
Extravaganza, A. A., 223, 364 

Frescoes, conservation of, 517 
Frictional resistance to flow of air, S41 
Frogmore mausoleum. 127 
Furniture sketches. 131, '237, 821 



, 52 

FACADES, club designs ; branch bank. 

302 ; tea-house, 781 
Factories; jam, 762; saw-tooth, root lor, 

Fan charges, surveyor's. 130 
Falkner. A. B.. in re. 267. 364 
Falling brick, cost of a. 63. 150 
Farm buddmgs ; Brcadway, 685; dairy, 

Fatigue of concrete. 161 
Fawcett wa! 1 calendar, 52 
Federation of builders. National, 94 
FflIB, architecto'. 130. 569 
Fell, .lobn, Leamington. 150 
Female school of ait. royal, transfer of, 223 
Ferro-concrete patents, validity of, '257, 

Fever hospitals ; Galway, 363 ; Little- 
borough. 303 ^ ,, rt 
Findlay and Roques v. Carvell, loO 
Finnie, John, the late. 842 
Fire- Barnet, 116; effect of, on building 
materials and fireproof construcuon, 
408. 410; insurance. City corporation 
and, ilH; protection for lall buildings, 
417 ; resisting construction. 484 ; signs 
at the Guildhall museum, 188 ; stations 
Bordesley Greenj 303 (Cannon-street. 
E.C, 549 
Fittings, door and window. 541 _ 
Flambo\ant carving at Beauvais, 369 
Flats, Richmond Hill. 873 
Floors, ctincrete. aggregates for, 2o, 
Flow ot air, frictional resistance to, 841 
Fontevrault. Plantaeenet remains at, 4,3 
Fonts, leaden, 472, 874 
Footings, •116 . -, , , 1 ,», 
Foremen. Newcastle buud'rs , 484 
Forms of, consuuction, effect 01 fire on, 

4C8. 410 . ^^_, 

Fortis Green. N., reservoir, 682 
Fowler. Charles, Leeds, the late, 162 
Francis, 8. W.. ani Co.. specialities of,3bj 
Frauds on builders. 63. 221 . 

Free libraries ; 106. 460 ; AnnSeld Plain. 
273- Bangor. 719; Dunfermline, bald- 
ridgeburn. 10: Eiilestown. 618 ; Fails- 
worth. 619; Hither Green. 341, 3.9; 
Kendal. 487; Normanton. I.eeas. ,Sh; 
Plvmouth. 187.199,517; Reddish. Stock- 
no'rt, 719 ; Kbvl. 536 ; Sunderland, 536 ; 
705, 872 ; Wednesbury, 872 ; Wrexham, 
Freezing, protecting pipes from, 161 
Fresco lound at Rye, 365 

GALLERIES : Guildhall, EC. (Danish 
pictures) 616; national, 116 (rehanging 
pictures in) 638 ; New, 573 ; Whitworth, 
Manchester. 203 

Gallery building. 677 

Garage, Keunington, 452 

Garden ; city housing exhibition, SI ; 
making, 848 ; suburb, Hampstead, 673 

Gardens, houses and, 5 

Gas; oil, 130; works extension, Man- 
chester, 673 ,. , , ,,n 

German : buildings, handbook of, 410 , 
ironwork, 3 

Gibb, Robert, retirement of, 60S 

Glamorgan in the olden time, IS* 

Gla-gow: architecturalcraltsmen's society, 
704 ; institute of architects, 306, 668. 704 ; 
lectureship in archn-ology, 151 ; Ridlne 
estate competition. 669, 718 ; street paving 
contracts, 165 ; Surveyors' Institution in. 
711 ; university, 681 ; unlet houses in, 62 

Glass bricks, 400 ,,,,,,. o, 

Glastonbury abbey and lake dwellings, 81 

Gloucester and Norwich cathedrals : com- 
pared, 681, 712 ; indexed illuslralions ol, 

681 , ■ X- 

Gloucestershire architectural association, 

200, 363, 484, 784 
Glues and gelatines, 570 . 
Gold medal ; American institute, and bir 

A. Webb. 81. 116. 'J92 ; royal, 191. 880 
Goodyear, Prof. W. H., honoured, 910 
Goole secondary school designs, 333 
Gothic architectural detail, 399 
Government buildings ; allocation of, 602 ; 

Canadian, Ottawa, 840 
Grammar schools ; Ashbourne, SS7 ; New- 

<-astle-on-Tvne, 1 i7 . St. Allwns, 305, 

581 ; Wallasey. 678. 704. 753 
Grandstand. Grissell design, 34) 
Granolithic. Stuart's. 774 
Gravity, specittc. of Portland cement, 376 
Greek : and Roman life at British museum, 

707 ; dress in life and art, 224 
Grimthorpe's bequests. Lord. 237 
Guddhall gallery, Danish pictures at, bio 

HALLS : Buckton. 833; Crosby (in the 
market: 774 ; Great Poitland-slreet (et. 
James) 561 ; Ipswich (public) 483 ; 
London county. 55, 114. I'iS, 1'29. IBl. 
199, 231, 269. 453, 536, 651, 704, 705, 74:', 
872, 889 ; Packington, panelling at. 22. ; 
parish (club designs) 449 (Earlsfield) fbl 
Hamilton. N.l! , sewage puiittcatiou 

works. 130 
Hamlet church, club designs for. 64:1 
Hampstead : garden suburb, 673 ; land- 
mark, demolition of, 519 
Handbook of German buildings, 410 
Harbour, Heysham, 652 
H;irdeiiing brickwork, 908 
Haughm.jnd Abbey, excavations at. 518 
Hawkins, Robert. Semer, the late, 482 
Height of buildings. Boston. Mass.. 116 
Hems; li. C, and the bailiff, 115 ; Harry, 

and the incotce tax, 638 
Henrv, George, A.R A , 167 
Hereford water supply, 706 
Hewson. George, Leeds, in re, 165 
Hexham abbey, discoveiies at, 482. 716 
Hi-'h schools : Barnsley. 64. 1-28, 129. 313 ; 
Ipswich girls") 650 ; Wallasev, 363. b78 
Hill. C. Grav, Coventry, in re, 150. 3-^8 
Hindrances,' legal, to modern building 

construction. 644. 611 
Hinta to R.I.B.A. examination candidates, 

His own architect, the man who is, ll:i 
Historic buildings and frescoes, conserva- 
tion of. 547 
Historv of architecture, new, 336 
Holborn town hall. 875 
Hodson, Geo., Lougf) borough, the late, 617 
Holdings Act. agncnltural, ;1ol. 412 
Holiday ramble tor Whitsuntide, 677 
Holyro'od chapel, restoration of, 223, 432, 

Home arts and industrials exhibition. 75-'^ 
Homes, cottage ; Churchill, 270 ; South 

Shields. 417 
Homesteads, plans competition, Rissall, 

Homogeneotls concrete, a. 450 
Hook. J. C, R.A.. the late. 648 
Hoolihamv. Griffiths -employers' liability, 

Horticultural buildings and apnliances, .tO« 
Hospitals: BirBenhead (children's) 222; 
Birmingham (tiueen's), 452; Bristol 
(general 186, 617; Galway (fever. 363; 
Kingswood (Handel Cossham) 7>-6 ; 
Littleborough (isrilation) 305 ; St. Bar- 
tholomew's. 93; Salford 'royal! '2.35; 
Southampton nurses' block) 199; Sun- 
derland (children's 363. 417. 548; Tor- 
quay (Torbay) 1'27 ; Vincent - square 
(infants') 650 
Hotels ; 515 ; Aldwych CWaldorf) 13. PO ; 
Birmingham Acorn) 414. oiO ; Falmouth 
Bay .683; Peebles (hydropathic) 4.32; 
Soane design, 309; window cleaning at, 

- House : outside a house, building a. 151 : 
painters' association. American. 604. 
Houses : and gardens. 5 ; Ashford, Middle- 
sex 4*-7 ; Bozedown. Whitchurch. 787 ; 

1 Chislehurst " manor." 539 ; CombeDown. 
Bath 167 ; Conkwell Grarge. 653 ; Craw- 
ley Giange. 787 ; Crowborough. 95 ; 

' Duncan's. BillingshuTtt, 95; Dunm:w, 


Supplement to the 
BniDisQ News. July 12, 


Jitniiaiy to June, 19t)7. 

fi63: Famham. 131 ; Killyon manor, 821 ; 
Limpsfleld. 685 ; Lo^tock, 487 : Maes 
Hemljn 839; Nailsea Court, 536; North- 
umberland. 821; bhanghai, 203; Stor- 
rington.619; Sutton. Surrey, 273 : They- 
don Boi«. tJ53 ; Torquay, 620; Troon, 273. 
343 : Walton-on-Hill, P89 ; Warwick 
Bench, Guildford, 517 ; Witley, 8urrev, 

Housing : conditions at Waltham Abbey, 
151 ; conference. Cardiff, 224 ; reform. 
539 (and the L.c.C.) 30:^ ; schemes (Bir- 
mingham 81 1. Liverpool 222; urban, 
exhibition (Garden City) 841 

How to cut rafters. 886 

Huggermuggf.r building accounts, 852 

Hull, experiments at in dust prevention, 

Hydropathic. Peebles, 452 

Hygiene : industrial. Shaw medal, 328 ; 
school, congress, 539 

ILLINOIS, architects' licenses in, 399 
Illustrations, indexed : Gloucesrer caThe- 
dral. 681 ; Norwich cathedral, 681 ; 
Westminster Abbey, 13 
Imambra at Lutknow, 437 
Important : compensation award, 309 ; 

trade union case, 399 
Improved plan of road making, 2.VJ 
Improvement of British woodlands, 579 
Income tax : on sewers, 874 ; Harrv 

Hems*8, 115, 633 
Indexed illustrations : Gloucester cathe- 
dral, 681 ; Norwich cathedral, 681 ; 
Westminster Abbey. 13 
India : silt, utilisation for, 673 ; use of 

cement in. 151 
Indu- trial hygiene, Shaw medal, 328 
Ineffectual protest, ;i R.I.B A.. 779 
Jnfecundities, competition, 569. 602 
Infirmaries: Edmonton (workhouse) 872 : 
Hammersmith (workhouse) 774 ; Man- 
chester (Royal) 617 : Newport. Salop 
(workhouse) 462; Penzance [W. Corn- 
wall' 127; Plymouth (workhousel 376 ; 
Rochdale. 483 
Inn, wayside, 273 

Insane architect and his certificates. 774 
Inspectors, sanitary : Midland, 704 ; 

pooily paid, 875 
Institutes: architfcts of Ireland, royal. 
53. 200. 269, 307, 363, 536, 672, 821 ; 
British architects, royal. 122. 191. 193, 
263, 377. 406, 416, 515,677, 643. 646. 1 Vi. 
745, 811, 816, 880. 910 (and county hall 
competition) B6. 307. 743 , and registra- 
tion) 333, 339 elections 163. 2n^, 236, 
679 examinations) 777 (liceotiatea) 8SS 
(new chaiter) 845 [.prize drawings) 119. 
123. 165, 235 i reorganisation 227. i;71 
(right to vote at' 811, 851 (visit to Edin- 
burgh) 784; auctioneers', 93,704; Bir- 
mingham sanitary engineers. 704 ; 
British decorators. 62 ; Glasgow archi- 
tects, 306. 568. 704 ; measured drawings 
prize. 235; technical (Dundee) 786 
Institutions : builders' clerks' benevolent, 
398, 617 ; civil engineers. 672 ; surveyors, 
158,301,411 (in Glasgow) 711 .quantity 
surveyors' charges and i 820. 841, 851, 88Jj 
Insurance, fire. City corporation and, 116 
International society's exhibition, 56 
Interpretation of London building act, 165 
Ireland : architectural association of, 12"^, 
200. 363, 413, 752; royal institute of 
architects of, E3, 200, 269, 3t'7, 363, 536, 
672, 821 
Irish : exhibition, Dublin. 638, 652 ; Local 

Government Board, architects and, 705 
Iron: construction in Jerusalem. 74l ; 

rusting of, 604 
Ironwork : exhibition, 319 ; German. 3 
Is a portiible theatre a building .' 115 

JAM factoriei". 752 

Jenkmfl, David. Llandilo, the late, 650 

Jerusaltm, iron roofing in, 741 

Joinery. 7H9 

Jones, G. H., Handsworth. in re, 672 

Journalism, architectural, 265 

KELLETT v. Stockport corporation, 

223, 267, 328 
Kempe, C. E., Brighton, the late, 617 
King's Norton master builders' association, 


LABOURERS' cottages competition, 
Irish, li8. 719. 752 

Labour in the United States, 4ai 

Land : and housing reform, 6S9 ; transfer 
act (1897) 6S0; values taxation, Scot- 
land. Bill, 81 

Landmark, a Hampstead, demolition of, 

Lanning v. Davy and Salter, 166 

Laths and sheathing combination. 2?4 

Law: courts (Bloemfontein) 64 ^Edinburgh, 
supreme^ 234 ; of underground water, 
545 ; sanitaiy, 90 

Laying out street without notice, 603 

Leaden fonts, 172. 874 

Lead, white, what is. 909 

Lectures: Carpenters' Co, ISS ; Royal 
Academy, 268, 301, 337 

Lectureship in arch-eology. Glasgow. 151 

Leeds and Yorkshire architectural society, 
93, 162, 256. 306, 398, 413 

Lees, W. Hewson, the late. 650 

Legal hindrances to modern building con- 
struction, 511, 611 

Liability, employers', 704 

Libraries, fr^e : 406, 4*^0; Annfield Plain 
273 ; Bangor, 719 ; Dunfermline, Bald- 

ridgebum, 10 ; EarUtown. 548 ; Fails- 
worth, 619; Hither Green. 343. 379; 
Kendal. 487: Xormanton. Leeds. 7S*i ; 
Plymouth, 187, 190, 517 ; Reddish. Stock- 
port, 719; Rhyl, 536; Sunderland. 536, 
703, 872 ; Wcanesbury, 872 ; Wrexham, 

Libraries : public, 480 ; Radcliffe, Oxford, 
4 53 

Licentiates, RJ.B A., 88S 

Licenses, architects': in California, 399; 
in Illinois, 399 

Light : notes on easement of, 202 ; occu- 
pation for injured workmen, 603 

Ltlley and Skinner, appeal case, 819 

Limitation of the art:?, 338 

Limited cnmpetitions, 83, 129, 164, 201, 236 

Lincoln water supply, 63. 186 

Line, building : Crystal Palace parade, 
603 ; Euston-road, 740 

Lithonite, 268 

Liverpool architectural society. 62, 200, 
398,611 ; Royal Liver headuuarters, 786, 
889 ; unhealthy area in, 222 

Llandudno builders' association, 307 

Lloyd's registry. 10 

Local : authority and damages, 752 : 
Government Board of Ireland, architects 
and. 705 

Locke's Palace of Puck, W.J., 151 

Lockwood'8 builders' pricebook. 91 

London : architecture of, 707 ; builders, 
charges for water to. 480; building 
acts, 548 (interpretation of < 165 (ob- 
structing works under 257 ; building 
coiut wanted for. 506. 638. 638 ; county 
council, 2J4, 270,305,329. 474 (and estate 
agents' commission) 506. 910 (housing 
reform and ; 303 (v. Metropolitan Rail- 
way Co.) 710 (works department 188; 
county hall, 65. 114. 128. 129, 164, 199, 
231, 269, 453, 636. 661, 704, 706, 743. 872, 
899 ; rebuilding of. 1 ; streets, paving of, 
474 ; topographical record, 579 ; ventila- 
tion of, 233 

Loyalty in accepting competition awards, 

Lucknow, imambra at, 437 

Lunatic asylums: arehitecta, 116; Box- 
sted, Essex, 130 ; Long Grove, Epsom, 

MACALLUM, V. and A., Tooting, 

in re, 704 
MKie, H.U., the late, 126 
Manchester : building code for, 258, 292 ; 
gasworks extensions, 673 ; Roman camp 
m, 116, 151 ; sewer ventilation in, 224 ; 
society of architects, 94, 200, 256. 269, 
413, 563, 718 ; utilising the infirmary 
site, 151 
^lanholes in street pavements. 739 
Man, the, who is his own architect, 115 
Manual, buildera', 482 
Marbles, ancient and modem employment 

of. 122 
Marble: buildings, 412; workers, British, 

Martin, Eirle. and Co.'s report, 399 
Marton, St. Margaret's church, 485 
Mason, Thomas, Glasgow, Lord Dean of 

Guild, 188 
Masons, master monumental, 480 
Master builders association : Barrow, 162 ; 
Bristol, 200 ; King's Norton, 200 ; 
Llandudno, 307 : Southampton, 266 
Master monumental masons, 4SJ 
Masters, old, at the academy, 55 
Mausoleum. Frogmore, 127 
Meaaured drawings ; 477 ; prize, institute, 

Measures Brothers, report of, 258 
Measuring : timber, 308 ; work, 715 
Meiials. gold : American, and Sir A. 

Webb. 81, 116, 292 ; royal, 193, SSO 
Mediaeval military architecture. 307 
Memorials : Aspatria (Sir W. Lawson} 64 ; 
Calcutta (Uueen Victoria) 483 ; Clifton 
(Pembroke. Congl., Mrs. Luke) 486; 
Newport, I. W. (Ai'chdcacon Haighi 
740; Westminster Abbey (O. Gilbons 
Merchants' house. Glasgow. 305 
Metalwork, old drawings of, 517 
Metcalf and Greig. in re. 165, 486, 786 
Methods of testing slate, 4?2 
Metropolitan water-bill, 874 
Meyer, R. O., Limited, 52 
Middlewich water supply, 474 
Midland sanitary inspector's conference, 

Military architecture, mediieval, 307 
Milton castings, 01 
Mine timber, preservatives for. 910 
Miniature painters' society, liiJ 
Minsters, two Benedictine, 681, 712 
Mission : church, Weriington, 887 ; hall, 

Shortlands, 785 
Modem : building construction, legal 
hindrances to, 544, 611 ; buildings. 6, 
373 : church design, 263 ; churches, 
arrangement and design of. 85 ; staircase 
conatrction. 258 ; stoves and ranges, 744 ; 
traffic, roads for, 258 ; uses of marble, 
Moir; Geo., Sunderland, the late, 61; 

James, Fenohurch-street, in re, 160 
Moisture, percolation of, tlirough concrete, 

Monumental : masons, master. 480 ; 

sculptors, national association for, 236 
Monuments, Westminster Abbey (Lord 

Salisbury) 13 
Mortiser, a new, 579 

Motions, two, at tight angles, resultant of, 
I 329 
Motorists and duatless roads, 126 

Motor : exhibition, Olympia, 365 ; works, 
Southport, 305 

Mouchel : v. Coignet, concrete patents, 
364 ; V. Cubitt end Co., do., 257 

Mullings, E. Roscoe, the late. 92 

Municipal : buildings (Acton 128, 328, 548, 
619. 779, 785, 872 ; Lambeth i 752 ; 
engineers' association, 718, 781, 874, 9nS 

Museums : Bombay, 581 ; British (exten- 
sion) 887 (Greek and Roman life at) 707 ; 
Guildhall ftresigosati 188; Plymouth, 
SS9; Victoria and Albert (sculptui-e on) 
13, 273 

NATIONAL: art collection, one only 
wanted. 606 ; art collections found. 604 ; 
association for monumental sculptors, 
236 ; federation of builders, 94 ; gallery, 
116, 638 (of Scotland, curatorship) 506, 
570 ; Trust bill. 62. 807 

Nature's workshop, building methods in, 

Negligent advice, architects charged with 
giving, 150 

New : Bailey. 306 ; book on plumbing, 
411 ; conditions of contract for Dublin, 
377, 472, 637 ; Corrupt Practices Act. 
165 ; English art club exhibition, 760 ; 
Gallery exhibition. 573 : historj' of archi- 
tecture, 336 ; moitiser. 579 ; risk for 
contractors. 120; R.I.B. A. charter, 845, 
850 ; Scotland - yard extension, 131 ; 
wood- preserving process, 188 ; York, 
engineering headtjuarters, 638 

Newcastle-on-Tyne : builders* foremen, 
484 ; clerks of works association. 473 : 
cottage exhibition, 613 ; walls and towers 
of, 8t. 29:?, 508 

Xon-existiug coichbouses, repairs to. 150 

No remedy for abstraction of water, 328 

Norman and Gothic architectural detail, 

Northern architectural association, 398, 
536. 668, 704 

Norfolk arch;i'ological society, 473, 785 

Normandy and Brittany tour. 820 

Northwich. subsidences at, 188 

Norway pine, tests of. 570 

Norwich and Gloucester: compared, 681, 
712 ; indexed illustrations of, 681 

Notes, parliamentary, 328, 473, 533, 602, 
652, 773, 807. 874 

Nuisance, what is a \ 603 

Nurees' : block. Southampton hospital, 
199, pension fond, Buckingham-street, 

Nursey. Perry F., the late. 883 

NuttaJl V. Hughes and Rowlands, 165 

OAKEY, Juhnand Sons, 258 
Oak-work, cleaning. 908 
Obituary: Allen. W. J., Norwich, 92; 
Allott, C. S , Manchester, 342 ; Baker, 
Sir B., 717. 899 ; Brandis, SirD., 784 ; 
Buck, A.. Worcester. 680; Castle, J., 
Birmingham, 92; Chatwin, J. A., Bii-- 
mingham, 818 ; Clarke, R. Ingham. 
761; Clutton. IX. G., 413; Collins, L. E. 
G., 304; Dobson, G., Colchester, 61 ; 
Doyle, Pat., 617; Finnie, J., 342; 
Fowler, C., Leeds, 162; Hawkins, R., 
Semer. 482 ; Hodson. G., Loughborough, 
617; Hook, J. C, R.A., 548; Jenkins, 
D., Llandilo, 660 ; Kempe, C.E , 617 : 
Lees, AV. H.. 650; M'Kie. H. U., Car- 
lisle. 126; Moir, G., Sunderland. 61: 
MuUins, E., Roscoe, 92: Nursey. P. F., 
883 ; Osborne, F. Barlow, Birmingham, 
516; Peard. Thos., 269; Ridler. W. J., 
Liverpool, 126 ; Robertson, W. Wybrow, 
580 ; Rowe, H., Worcester. 92 ; Sapcote, 
W., Birmingham. 413; Saunders, G., 
717 ; Savage. W., St. Albans, 548 ; 
Stanger. X. J., 883; Tawse, P., Aber- 
deen, 376: Travlen, J. C, Stamford, 
873; Van Assclie, A., 516 ; Watson, A. 
Maryon, 234 
Obstructing works under Building Act. 257 
Occupation, light, for injured workmen, 

Office records, architects'. 477 
Otfices ; Aberdeen, 483; Liverpool (Liver) 
786. 889 : Manchester (co.-op.l 342 ; post 
(Broughly Ferry) 819 iGeneral! 376; 
Sunderland (co.-op.) 684 (Wear com- 
mission) 376 ; Vauxtiall Bridge-road, 11 
Oil gas. 130 

Old : Delabole Slate Co.'s report, 36i ; 

Dudley art society. 201 ; masters at the 

Academy. 55 ; pulpit at Mellor, 224 ; 

atone walls. Pontefract, 415 

Olympia, building trades exhibition, 399, 

412.478,511,538, 647 
One National collection only wanted. 606 
Opan v. restricted competitions, 83, 236 
Ordained surveyors' society, Kiinburgh, 

306. 473, 536 
Organ, Newcastle cathedral. 167 
Ornament and construction. V97 
C)sborn, F. Barlow, Birmingham, the late, 

Overpaid, are architects. 845 
Ownership of architects' drawintidi, 52 
Oxford, Radcliffe library, 453 

PACKINGTON hall, panelliDg at, 223 

Paignton water supply, 908 

Paint, 308 

Painters: house, American association, 

604 ; miniature, exhibition. 123 
Painting and decorations, handbook on, 

Paisley waterworks extension, 706 
Palaces : Aschatfenburg, 13 ; Brussels 

(Justice) 685 ; Puck, W. J. Locke's, 151 ; 

Southwell. 818 ; The Hague Peace) 124, 
192. 538; Washington , Peace) 704 
Panelling at Packington hall. 223 
Parish hall : club designs, 449 ; Earlsfieli 

(St. Andrew 684 
Paris, plaster of. setting of, 807 
Pailiamentary notes, 328, 473, 538, 602,. 

652. 773, 807, 874 
Patent reform bill, 437 
Patents, feiro-concrete, validity of, 257,. 

Paths, towing, sewers under, 272 
Pavem'-nts, street, manholes in, 739 
Paving ; apportionments. 603 and pleasure- 
grounds) 603 enforcement of) 272; con- 
tracts, Glasgow, 165 ; of London streets, 
Peace, palaces of : The Hague, 124, 192,. 

538 ; Washington, 704 
Peard, Thomas, the late, 269 
Percolation of moisture througb concrete^ 

Persian ceramics exhibition, 716 
Peterhead art exhibition. 187 
Philadelphia revisited. 196 
Photogrraphs, architectural, exhibition of, 

Pictorial and landscape photograohy, 638 
Pictures and sculpture at the Academy.. 

607. 643, 7t 9 
Pier, Gorleston, 306 
Pine. Norway, tests of, 570 
Pipes, protecting, from freezing, 161 
Pittsburgh exhibition of paiatmgB, 258 
Plane-table traverse, 879 
Planning. 405 

Plantagenet remains at FontevrauU, 473 
Plaster of Paris, setting of, 807 
Plates, soundproof building, 679 
Pleasure grounds, paving apportionments- 

and. 603 
Plumber, modem, 411 
Plumbers' registration, cDmplaint as to,. 

60, 91, 114 
Plumbers, Scottish registered, 672 
Plumbing, new book oo. 411 
Poles, tramway, ventilation by, 116 
Police: courts (Westminster) 417; office 
New Scotland yard) 131 ; stations 
(Claybury) 417 (Colwyn Bay) 619 (Hyde- 
Park) 417 
Pompadour, under the, 303 
Pontefract, old stone walls at, 415 
Poorly paid sanitary inspector, a, 875 
Popular tea-house, club designs, 783 
Portable theatre as a buildmg, 115 
Portland cement : 3tanda.rd specification' 

for, 846 : specific gravity of. 376 
Post offices : Aberdeen. 483 ; Broughty- 

Ferry, 819 ; general, 'alQ 
Pot v. kettle, 415 
Power stations, 7, 194, 341, 374, 408, 450, 

Powers of tribunal of appeal, 416 
Practical sanitation, 126 
Practice : of architecture in smaller towns. 
87; private, district surveyors and, 506 
Practices, corrupt. Act, 165 
Preference, colonial, and the building 

trades, 541 
Presbyterian church and manses com- 
petition. 718 
Presentation of royal gold medal, 880 
Preservation of : mine timber, 910 ; wood, 

new process, 188 
Prevention : dust, 64 (experiments in 
Brecon 875 do., in Huh, 639; of cor- 
ruption Act, 683 
Pricebook, builders', Lockwood's, 91 
Priory, Canterbury Grey Friarsl 131 
I'rivate practice, district surveyors and, 

Prize, Institute measured drawings, 235 
Processes, biological, sewage disposal by, 

Production, census of, 437 
Props, concrete, 670 
Protecting pipes from freezing, 161 
Protection act, public authorities, 909 
Protest, an ineffectual, 779 
Prudential Assurance Co.'s report, 399 
Public : authorities protection act, 909 > 

hbraries, 480 
Puck, palace of, W. J. Locke's. 151 
Pulpit, old wooden, at Mellor, 224 
Purification of Thames estuary. 707 
Purlin, 652 
Putting the best face on it, 223, 364 

aUADRANT, Regent- street, 473 

Qualification, architects', 882 

Quantities: 58, 90, IfcO. 197, 304. 340, 614, 
748. 813, 817 ; halls of, surveyors' 
employment on, 268, 472 

Quantity : student's assistant. 304 : sur- 
veyors' (association 617. 782 ^charges 
and surveyors' institution) 820, 841, Sol, 

Queensland timber industry, 258 

RAIL'WAY: rafters, how to cut, SS3 
stations ^Crewe) S87 Dover! 128 (Manors^ 
Newcastle) 682 i Waterloo 3C6 ; widen- 
ings '^Glasgow) 684 

Railways : Charing Cross, Euston, and 
Hampstead, 483, 886 ; Chester and 
Holvhead (widening) 582: City and 
South London (extension) 398; Goola 
and Selby. 201 ; Lower Thames ^Puiffeet 
and Stcme^ 62 

Ramble, holiday, for Whitsuntide, 677 

Ranges, some modern, 744 

Rating of art schools, 115 

Rebuilding of London. 1 

Records, architects' otfice, 477 

Reform : housing (and land] 539 ^and the- 
L.C.C ) 303 ; patent, 437 


Januan- to June, 19^7. 


Supplement to thf. 
BfiLDiso News, July 12,1907. 

Kegent-street : 229 : Quadrant. 473 
Begistranon : architectii' or trades 
unionism 333 K.I. B. A. report on) 333. 
35;' : plumbeis' (complaint as to) 60, 
HI. 114 
Registry, Lloyd's, 10 
Begulations for sculptural competitions, 

Reinforced concrete: costlinees of de- 
molishing-. viiS ; patents, 257. 364 : risks 
of. 5J : R.I.B.A. report on. 745, 745 
Reinforcement of concrete, 680 
Remuneration, Lord btamford'a Bur- 

vevor's, 5f;;> 
Reorganisation, R.r.B.A.. 227, 271 
Repairing drain, 739 
Repair of cords, 193 
Repairs: street, apportionments for, 739 ; 

to non-existing coach-house, 150 
Reports : are they read I 474 ; Bath Stone 
Firms. 399: Illinois State licensing of 
architects, 399 : Martin, Earle, and Co., 
399 ; Prudential Assurance Co.. 399 ; 
R.I.B.A. (on registration) 333, 339 (on 
reinforced concrete) 743, 745 
Reservoirs, Walton -on -Thames. 582 
Resistance, frictional. to flow of air, 841 
Restoration of Holyroud chapel, 223, 483, 

Restricted t. open competitions, 83, 2'6 
Resultant of two motions at right angles, 

Keviews; Agglutinantsof AH Kinds. 570; 
Architectural Association Sketchbook, 
232 : Art and Craft of Garden Making, 
848 ; Bell's Cathedrals and Abbeys 
[.Llandaff, Rorasey, and St. Asaph 671 ; 
Bond, the, 160; Builders' Manual. 492 ; 
Bl'ildini; Nb" s club designs, 169, 302, 
449, 546. 783 ; E<«entials in Architecture, 
SU : Fdwcett Wall Calendar, 52 ; Ferro- 
concrete at K.E. Electricity Schuols, 
Chatham, 774 : Glues and Gelatine.'^. 
570 : Graphical Handbook for Rein- 
forced Concrete Design, 680 ; Handbook 
of German Buildings, 410; History of 
Architecture. Stui^is's. 336 ; Horti- 
cultural Buildings and Appliances, ■'W4 ; 
Houses and Gardens, 5 ; Lockwood's 
Builder's Pricebook, 91 ; London 
Building Act, 548 ; London Topo- 
graphical Record. 570; Modem Build- 
ings, 6, 373 : Modern Plumber and 
Sanitaiy Engineer, 411 ; Modem Stair- 
case Construction, 258; Notes on the 
Easement of Light, 292 : Painting and 
Decorating. 638 ; Palace of Peace at the 
Hague, 124, 538; Pictorial and Land- 
scape Photography. 638 : Practical 
Sanitation. 126 : Preparation of Con- 
crete Roofs for Asphalte. 808; Public 
Libraries, 480 ; tiuantity Student's 
Assistant, £04 ; Review of Inter- 
nationalism, 638 ; Sanitary Engineering, 
83 ; Society of Architects' Pamphlet. 
223 ; Story of the Argyle Lodging, 784 ; 
Tnder the Pompadour, 30:i 
Revisited, America. 12*, 196, 410 
Revolving door, Van Kannel, 512, 602 
Riddrie estate competition, Glasgow, 569, 

Ridler, W. J., LiverpoDl. the late, 126 
Right to vote at the Institute. 811, 851 
Risk, new, for contractors. 120 
Risks of reinforced concrete, 52 
Roadmaking, improved plan of, 2f 8 
Roads : dustless, motorists and, 126 : for 
modern traffic, V58 ; improvement con- 
ference, 841 
Robertson, W. Wybrow. the lite, 580 
Rochford wat€r supply, 706 
Roman : Greek life at British museum. 707 : 
remains Corstopitum 4*7 ; Manchester j 
116, 151 (Newgate-street) 6fU 
Rome, arch;eological exhibition, 36t 
Roof : saw-tooth, for factories, 444 ; wide 

open, 131") 
Roolng : Congo, S8? : iron, in Jerusalem, 

Roofs, concrete asphalte on, SOS 
Rowe, Henr>-, Worcester, the late, 92 
Royal : academy 4rchitecture at) 60S, 645 
lectures 268, 301. 337 ;old masters' 65 
^pictures and sculpture at; 607, 643, 617, 
709 ; female school of art, transfer of, 
223: gold medal, 193. SSO ; institute, 
architects of Ireland. 53, ^69, 307, 363, 
536, 672. S2l : institute. British archi- 
tects, 122, 191. 193, 263, 377. 406, 415. 515. 
577, 643, 646, 743. 745, Sll, 816, 88ii (and 
county hall competition) 55. 3C7. 745 
(and registration) 333,339 {election- 163. 
202, 236, 679 examinations, hints for 
777 ;iicentiates ofj 888 new charter and 
by Jaws) 84=i. 850, 910 prize drawing-" 
119, 123, 155, 235 (reorganisation) 2^7, 
271 (right to vote at: 811, 851 (visit to 
Edinburgh 784 ; Scottish academy, 
charges at, 116 ; society British artists, 
Ruskin exhibition. 365 
Rusting of iron. 6C4 
Rje, fresco found at, 365 

SAFETY of St. Paul's. 474. 673. 87.i 
Saint : Andrew dambleton 131 (Kilver- 
stone) 305 ; Augustine ' N'ewcaslle-on- 
Tyne 873 ; Barnabas Dtflwich 719: 
George's-place. W.. widening of. ISS; 
James Great Portland-street, halt 581 ; 
John Divioe, Leicester) 343 : Margaret 
(Ea&tney) 817 vHasbuiy flill) 650 

: Marton 4S5; Martin Salisbury' 487; 
Marv Cardiff, RC.) 186 (Latrhford, 
R.C.'f 685 Newsham, R.C.) li:6 : Michael 
(Sramhrtll 704, 889 (Woolmtr Green 
64 ; Paul's cathedral, safety of. 474, 673, 
876; Peter Wolverhampton 841 
SEdford : and its electrical engineer, 81 ; i 

sanitation in, 507 
Panitation conference. Dublin, 841 ! 

Sanatoria for consumptives: 443 : Benen- ' 

den. 617 ; Kirkaldy. 4V2 
Sand-lime bricks, tests for, 570 
San Francisco : building troubles in, 875 ; 

rebuilding of. 474 

Sanitary : engineering, 83 ; engineers, 

Birmingham institute, 704 : inspectors 

(Midland '7iU poorly paid) 876 ; law, 90 

Sanitation, practical. 126 

Sapcote, Willian, Birmingham, the late, 

Sardinian archseology. 506 
Sish cords, repair of. 193 
Saunders. G.. Chiswick, the late, 717 
Savage, W.. St. Albans, the late. 648 
Saw-loo' h roofs for factories, 444 
Scale and style of competition drawings. 

School : accommodation, 773 ; architecture, 
American and European, 156 ; hygiene 
congress, 539 
Schools: art rating of' 115: Ashbourne 
(gram. 837 ; Barnsley ihigh 64 128, 
129, 343 ; Bifihop Auckland secondary! 
487.537,548.576.618. 652. 705 ^Bristol 
785 ; Caerphilly Twyn) 95 ; Camberwell 
(arts and crifts) 121 : Cambusneth^n 
235; Carpenters' Co., 437; Castleford 
'^secondary) 751. 779, 810, 872; Cram- 
linffton, 785 : Crystal Palace engineer- 
ingj 580 ; Devonport, 414 ; Dunblane 
Queeo Victoria) 549: Edinburgh 
(municipal art: 753; Qoole (secondarv 
269, 333 ; Gorton, 619, 647. 653, S2i ; 
Hadfield, 751 ; Hampstead (university! 
570, 604, 653 ; flindley. 270 ; Ipswich, 92 
high) 650; Johnston, to, Durham 
I technical) 773 ; Leeds (secondary) 536; 
Luton (secondary) 20.^ ; Xewcastle-oo- 
Tyne gram.1 127; Northumbrian, 786; 
Old Trafford. 342. 487 ; Plymouth 
(Wetln.) 684: Rochdale Oakenrod 619. 
678, 7c9, 806 ; Roedean. 8i3 ; royal 
female art. transfer of, 223 : St. Albans 
i$ram. ' 305, 581 : secondary, their cloak- 
rooms, lavatories and plavsrounds. 335 : 
Sheffield, 873 ; Silcoates. Wabefleld. 718 ; 
South Norwood Stanley technical trade 
452 ; South Shore [Wayman. Congl. ) 
.376 ; Stockton Heath. 888 : Tooting, 847 ; 
Wallasey (gram.) 678, 704, 753 ^high : 
363. 678 
Science : classrooms, 57 ; in architecture, 

Scotland, land values, taxation for, 81 
Scottish : Academy, royal, changes at, 116 : 
ecclesiological society, 129. 473 ; National 
exhibition. 783 ; registered plumbers, 672 
Screens as confessionals, 202 
Sculptors : and painters, international 
society, 56 : monumental, national asso- 
ciation for, 236 
Sculptural competitions, regulations for, 

Sculpture at the Academy. 607, 647 
Sea-wall, tunderland, lv8 
Secondary schools ; Bainslev, 64,128,129, 
343 : Bishop Auckland. 4S7. 537. 548, 
iS75, 618, 651, 705; Castleford. 751, 779, 
810, 872: Goole. 269, 333; Leeds, 536; 
Luton, 203 ; their classrooms, lavatories, 
and playgrounds, 335 
Sessions house. New Bailey, 306 
Seyssel Asphalte Co.. 808 
Settled Land Act, decision under, 788 
Setting of plaster of Paris. 807 
Sewage disposal by biological processes, 882 
Sewer : or drain, 328 ; ventilation in, 224 
Sewers : income tax on, 874 ; under 

towing paths. 272 
Sheathing and laths combination, 224 
Sheffield : sewerage works, 706; society of 
architects and surveyors, 94, 269, 413, 
568: water supply, 74J 
Shoreham bungalow owners. 741 
Should architects advertise ' ?78 
Show-case not a structure, 473, 66;* 
Shrewsbury : public improvements at. 457 ; 
sewerage scheme. 607 ; water supply, 256 
Signs, tire, at Guildhall museum, 188 
Silt utilisation for India, 673 
Singer tower. New York, anchorage of, 016 
Sketchbook, architectural association, 232 
Sketches: Cotswold, 821; furniture, 131, 

237, 821 
Sketching tour, Building New.s 399 
8lander action, bu'lder's, 272 
Slate, methods of testing. 482 
Slates, wrongly described, 672 
Smaller towns, practice of architecture in, 

Smith, James, ToUington Park, in re. 115 
Societies : antiquaries (Bristol 128 (royal; 
680 ; archteological Yorkshire 163 : 
architects, the, 123, 162, 223, 363, 408, 
410, f 80, 653, t81, 712. 713 (at Bath' 672, 
SSl (dinner,, 573, 578 (--tudentsbip de- 
signs) 744, 751 Bradford do. 162 
vBristol do.'' 672 (Manchester do.' 94. 
204,256,269.413, 568. 718 Sheffield do.) 
94, 413, 568; architectural (craftsmen, 
Glasgow) 704 (Devon and Exeter) 680 
(Leeds and Tcrkshire) 93, 162, 256, 2t9, 

306, 398, 413 (Liverpool) 62, 20.', 39s: 
benevolent 'architects') 123 (timber 
trades) 162 ; church building, incor- 
porated, 717; designers. 200; ecclesio- 
I'igical I, Scottish) 129. 473 ; international 
sculptors and painters, 56 ; miniatvire 
painters, 123 ; ordained surveyors \ Edin- 
burgh) 307. 473. 6.36 

Some : aspects of training and design, 
299 : modern stoves and ranges, 744 

Sound-proof building plates, 579 

Southampton builders' association, 256 

tiouthwark cathedral screen, 5i 

Spanish architecture, 370 

Sparta, new discoveries in, 638 

Specification, standard, for Portland 
cement, 816 

Specidc gravity of Portland cement, 376 

Stabling, Broadhembury, 417 

Stained glass, 272 

Staircase construction, molem. 258 

Standard spe;ification for Portland cement, 

Stand, grand. Grissell design, 343 

Stanger, N. J., the late. 8S3 

State architects in America, 292 

Stations: fire (Bordesley Green) .305 (Cin- 
non-8treet, E.C.) 549; police (Claybury) 
417 (Colwyn Bay; 619 (Hyde Park) 417 ; 
power, 7, 194, S4l, 374, 408, 450. 481, 612, 
749; railway Crewe) 887 (Dover pier) 
128;manorii, Newcastle 58^ ^Vate^looj 
306 ■ 

Statue, Duke of Cambridge. Whitehall, 

Steel, cast, strength of. 604 

Stockport reservoir difficulties. 223, 257, 328 

Stock prize for decorations, 548 

Stone : Caen, and Canterbury cathedral, 
126 ; durable building, 361 ; walls, Pon- 
tefract, 415 

Story of the Argj-le lodging, 781 

Stoves and ranges, some modern. 744 

Stow, John, tercentenary of. 539 

Street : new, laying out, without notice, 
603; pavements, manholei in. 739; re- 
pairs, apportionments for, 739 

Streets, London, paving of. 474 

Strength : in regard to stress on wood, 62 : 
of cast steel. 604 

Stress, duration and strength of wood, 52 

Scructure, showcase, not a, 473, 569 

Stuart's granolithic, 774 

Students' : assistant, quantity, 301 ; night 
at the institute, 191, 193 

Studentship designs, society of architeits', 
744. 751 

Study of architecture, 268 

Stutchbury, W. T., gets a divorce, 257 

Style and scale of competition drawings, 

Submerged antiquities at Assouan, .8t)7 

Surveyors' : charges and the institution, 
820, Sll, 8>1, feSS ; delusions. 53 ; district 
(and private practice 506 (association 
269; employment on bills of quantities. 
268, 47J; institution, 158, 30i, 412 in 
Glasgow 711 ; quantity, association, 
617, T82 , remuneration, 569 ; society, 
lidinburgh ordained. 307, 473, 53 

TABLS : Chippendale, in Long Ashton 
workhouse, 221 : plane, traverse, 879 

Tall buildings, flr; protection for, 437 

Tallest chimney io world, 570 

Tamarack timber, tests of, 570 

Tanks, armoured concrete, 191 

Tapestries, Burne-Jones, at Birmingham, 

Tarranova. Sicily, excavations at, 52 

Taunton Bath arcb;^ ilogists at, 637 

Tawee, Peter, Aberdeen, the late, 376 

Taxation of land values in Scotland, 81 

Tax, income : on sewers, 874 : troubles, 
Harry Hems's. 115, 633 

Tea-house fai;ide. club designs, 7SJ 

Tebb, R. Haden. in re, 785 

Technical: institute Dundee 783; schools 
Johaston, Durham) 773 ^South Nor- 
wood. Stanley. 452 

Telephone exchange, Birmingham, 270 

Temperament, drsiga and, 301 

Temperance house, Horley, 840 

Testing : cement, 406. 4-io, 537, 569, 705, 
739, 820, 852 : 6and lime brieks, 570 ; 
slate, methods of, 48^; tamarack and 
Norway pine. 570 

Thames estuary, purification of, 715 

Theatre, portable, as a building, 115 

Theatres: Alhambra, 6S3 ; Lincoln. 18S ; 
Northnmbiriand - avenue (Playhouse 

Thebes, excavations at Diir el Bahari, 

Thomas, Sir A. B., and Belfast citv hall, 

Thompson, Blois and Co.. in re. 150 

Timber: industry (Queensland : 268 (Wes- 
tern Australia 52 ; measuring. 303 . 
merchant's fall, 739 : mine, prtrservatives 
of, 9i0; trades benevolent society, 162 ; 
waste of, in United States, 910 

Tisbury water supplv. 5Si 

Tomb, Hatfield's, Durham, 203 

Topographical recard, London, 679 

Tour^me and Bnttiny, 820 

Tour, BL'iLi'iS'i News sketchiog, in 
Franc?, 399 

Towers; and walls of Newcastle, SI, 232. 
506 ; New York ^Sioger, anchorage ol 

Towing piths, sewers under. 272 
Town halls ; Acton, 128. 328, 548, 619. 779, 
785, 872: Auckland, N.Z.. 714 ; Belfast, 
875 ; Holborn, 875 ; Melbourne (exten- 
sion 648 : Salford, 335 
Town ways and country customs, 715 
Towns, smaller, practice of architecture 

in, 87 
Tozelaud v. West Ham guardians, 272 
Trade union case, import int, 39a 
Trades unionism or registration, 333 
TratK'3, modern, road^ for, 258 
Training : ani de^iga. some aspects of^ 

299 : of architects. 817 
Tramway poles, ventilation by, 116 
Tramways ; EcdingtoQ, 414 ; return as to, 

Transfer Act, land, 680 
Travelling studeatship designs, society of 

architects', 714, 761 
Traverse, a plane table, 879 
Traylen. J. C, Stamford, the late. 873 
Trespiss, underground, damages for, 909 
Tribunal of appeal, powers of, 416 
Trust, National, Bill, 52, 807 
T-Square club, 129, 162 
Tunnels : Channel, 329 ; Simplon. 61 
Two : Benedictine minsters, 681, 712 ; 
motions at right angles, resultant of, 32^ 

TJNDERGROtTND trespass, damages 

for. 909 
Under the Pompadour, 303 
Unexecuted commission, architect's claim 

for, 151 
Underground water, law of, 545 
Union, craftsmen's, 308 
United States: architects' prospects in> 

3S4 , labour in, 485 ; waste of timber in» 

University : college (Bangor) 2 (school, 

Hamp-tead) 570. 604 ; Glasgow, 581 
Unqualified architects, appointments of> 

Uralite Co , Ltd., British, 63 
I'ies of the centrolinead, 57 

VAL DE TRAVERS Asphalte Co., 

Validity of ferro-concrete patents, 257, 364 
Van : Assche, Auguste, the late, 516 ; 

Kannel revolving door, 512, 6<J2 
Ventilation: by tramway poles, 116; of 

LDudon, 233 ; sewer, at Manchester, 224 
Vienna, architects' congress, 474 
Vote, right to, at the institute, 811, 851 

WAXjIj, falling, compensation claim for, 


Wallpaper industry, the, 151 

Walls : and towers of NewcastIe-on-Tyne> 

81, 292. 5<J3 ; old atone, Pontefract, 4i5 
Waitham Abbey, housing conditions at, 

Wnlton-on-Thimes reservoirs, 532 
Warehouses : wardrobe. 487 ; Manchester 

^packing; 167, 452: Worcester, 853 
Warning as to Canada. 11. 63, 202, 303 
Waste of timber in Uaited Stites, 910 
Water : Bill, Metropolitan, 874 ; charges 

for, to London builders, 430; colours at. 

the Acaiemy, 711 ; no remedy for 

abstraction of, 328; underground, law 

of, 543 
Waterworks in America, 680 
Watson. A. Miryon, the late, 234 
Webb, Sir Aston, and American gold 

medal, 81, 116, 292 
Wells, Sidaey, Egyptian appointment for, 

Western Australian timber industry, 52 
Westminster : abbey ^.HenryVlL's chapel) 

13 '^indexed illustrations of) 13 (Salis- 
bury cenotapb'' 13 ; Cithedral, 542 
What is : a nmsince .' 603 ; a structure? 

473, 569 : white lead .' 909 
White^hapel art exhibitions, 187, 228, 474 
Wnitehead. Chas. E., pre dentation to, 63S 
White lead ' what is, 909 
Whitsuntide, holiday ramble for, 677 
Window : and door fittings, 511 ; cleaning 

at hotels, 164 
Wolverhampton architestural association, 

Wood: asbestos, 875; preserving proces% 

new, 18S-; stress, duration and strength 

of, 52 
Woodlands, British, improvement of , 579 
Work, measuring. 715 
Workhi'u^e mflrmaries: Edmonton, 872; 

Hammersmith, 774 ; Newport, Salop, 

462 ; Plymouth, 376 
Workhouses : Stourbridge. 4>2 
Workmen's compensation Act : architects 

and, 677, 68/; cases, 272, 399; employ- 
ment under. 533 ■ 
Works department, L C.C. 183 
Workshops, roliing stock, Slough, 634 
Wrongly described elates, 672 

YEOVIL water supply, 474 

Yate wood, 741 

Y.MC-A. premises, RusseU-squire, 92; 

Tottenham Court-road, 673 
York sewerage, 533 
Yorfc-.hiri archi^jlogical society, 163 

Supplriiieiil to the BriLDiNi; News, ./;(/// 12, 1907 


*.* The Lithographic Illustrations will be found immediately following the Pag-es indicated. 

ABBETS: Cilrnss, 96; ^Vestminster 
(in Henry VII. 's chapel, to N.E.) U 
tPalisburv cenotaph; 11 

Academy. Royal : cartoon, draped ti?me 
(Amy J. Frv) 96 ; desit^ns idecoration, 
Caron O. Lodge) 14, 61 (do., for 
botanical specimens, house, A. Wmter 
Rosei 2(4 'do., triumphal arch. F. J. 
Watiion Hart) 238 (do., wayside inn, 
A. Winter Rose) 274; drawmg illid- 
cliffe library. Oxford, Wilkinson) 454 

Acorn hotel. Birmingbam. 550 

Additions to : Eccleshall church, 686 ; 
Orchard farm. Broadway, 686 

Albany. N.Y . the Capitol, 418 

AldwTch. Waldorf hotel. 14. 60 

Almshouses, club designs. 168 

Altar: tomb (Bp. Ellicott) Gloucester 
cathedra], 647 ; wrought iron, 620 

America revisited, 125, 196, 197. 418 

Annfleld Plain free library. 274. 291 

Ante room, Crawley Grange, 788 

Arch, triumphal. Academy des'gn (F. J. 
Watson Hart' 238 

Burgos cathedral ; from Castle Hill, 188 ; 
the octagon, 418 

Business premises: Aldwych i hotel i, 14, 
60 ; Atlantic City (hotel) 125 ; Birming- 
ham (hotel I 550; Chippenham. 168; 
Doncaster, 581; Falmouth (hotel) 684; 
Kingsway lexchange] 132 ; Liverpool 
Uoyal Liver Socy )8S)0 Manchester (pack- 
ing warehouse) 167, 168 ; Netherfleld, 
488; Northleach (inn) 839; Shanghai 
'bank) 204 ; tea-house, club designs, 7f 8 ; 
Wakefield, 4.51 ; Woodstock -street, W., 
788 ; Worcester (warehouse) 851 

Bnttreaa, carved, Beauvais, 370 

CABINET, carved. 7.54 
Caerphilly, Twyn council schools. 113 
Cambridge, Pembroke college chapel, 620, 

Camera, Eadcliffe, Oxford, 451 
Cannon-street tire station. E.G., 550 

Canterbury. Grey Friars priory, 132 

ArchirAssocn" drawings, botanical house f'apital, maison Historique, Beauvais, 370 

and wavside inn (A. W. Rose) 274 Capitol, the. Albany, N.\ .,418 

Armoured concrete cistem.s. 192 Cartoons. Academy: di-aped hgure (Amy 

Alt galleri.a : Plymouth, 518; Whit- .1, Fry) 96 ; Psalm of the Singers (C. O. 

woith. Manchester, 204 Lodge) 11, 64 

Aschaffenbure palace, Bavaria, 14 Cirving. Flamboyant, Beauvais, 370 

Ashford, Middlesex, house and garden. 488 Castleford secondary school designs 


Henshaw's bUnd, Old Tratford, 
Marlborough, Blen- 


Atlantic city: 125 

heim hotel. 125 
Auckland, X.Z., town hall, 714, 715 

BACHELORS' chambers, Margaret- 
street, W.. S54 
Balcony. Rath-haus. Cologne, 4 
Bathroom, Crawley Grange, 788 
Baltimore, lodge entrances, Brookland- 

wood, 720 
Bangor : free library, 720 ; University 

college. 23 
Banks : facades, club des'gns. 310 ; Netiier- 
field, 488'; Shanghai ( International) 201 
Baptist college. Bristol, 2:i8 
Barge board of cottage. T.aiTing, 677 
Barnsley high girls' school, 344, 361, 362 
Bath, house at Combe Down, 163 
Baths: Reddish, Stockport, 720; Salford 
(accepted design, Mangnall and Little- 
woods 88;^, 8S4, 890, 907 (2nd, H. T. 
Bonner 885 
Bay hotel, Falmouth, 581 
Beauviiis, Flamboyant carving at, 370 
Beckett's cottages. Tarring, 677 
Beech, X. Stalls, cottage. 238 
Belfry: Bruges. 686; detached, H. B. 

Lavcock's National design, 168 
Bench, monks', 17th century, 822 
Bergamo cathedral, south porch. 238 
Billingshurst. Duncau's house! 96 
Birmingham : Acorn hotel. 560 ; council 
house extension designs (selected. Ashley 
and Newman) 10, 11, 51, 61 (H. T. Hare: 
64 (Mansell. Mansell and Dixon) Otj 
(Matear and Simon) 96; electric gene- 
rating station. 4C9, 451 (sub-station) 
481, 613, 750 
Bishop Auckland secondary school plans : 
1st. E. F. Reynolds, bib, 876 ; 2nd, Clark 
and Moscrop 576 ; 3rd, Buckland and 
Haywood-Farmer. 577 
Blind; asylum. Old Trafford. 380; home 

(Glynn- Vivian) Caswell. 616 
Board-room. Lloyd's registry, 14 
Boat-house. Nuoeham. .^84 
Book illustrations. National (Evelyn Paul) 

132, 204 
Botanical specimen house, A. W. Rose's 

design, ■.;74 
Bowling alley at Foot's Cray Place, 849 
Bozedown house. Whitchurch, Oxon, 788 
Bracket, lamp, 839 
Bramhall, St. Michael and All Angels' 

Church, 890 
Branch bank farade. club design, 310 
Bristol, Baptist 'college. 238 
Brixton Hill, Lambetti municipal build- 
ings, 754 
Broadhembury, stabling at the Orange, 

Broadway, additions to Orchard farm, 686 
Brooklandwood, Baltimore, lodges to, 720 
Bruges, sketch in the rue Flamand, 686 
Brussels, the Palace of Justice. 686 
Buckingham-street, royal national nurses' 

pension lund. t85, 6t6 
Buckton hall, l-lamborough Head, 8.'i3, 8.'j4 
Building Nbws club designs ; almshouses, 
168 ; branch bank fa.,ade, 310 ; hamiet 
church, 650, 567 ; paiish hall. 464, 171 ; 
tea-house facade. 7(^8 
Building trades' exhibition, Olympia, 513 
Bureau, walnut, 119 

Robinson and Alban Jones, 780; 2nd 
and selected, W. S. Braithwaite, 781 
Castle. Stokesay. 584 

CaswtU. Glynn Vivian home for blind, 616 
Cathedrals : Beauvais (buttress enrich- 
ment and crocket) 370 ; Bergamo (south 
po'chl 238; Burgos (from Castle Hill) 
488 I the octagon) 418 ; Durham (Hat- 
field's tomb) 204, 221; Gloucester (Bp. 
Ellicott's tomb- 647; Hildesheim (iron 
gate, north door) 1 ; Newcastle (great 
organ) 168 ; Pisa (Sanctuary lamp) 751 ; 
Siena (library doorway) 380 
Centrolinead and its uses, 57 
Chairs ; Chippendale, 822 ;, 
255 ; garden, 764 ; ladder-back, 119 ; 
monastery 17th century, 119 ; 17th cen- 
tury, 822 ; Yorkshire, 255 
Chambers, bachelors', Margaret - street, 

W., 851 
Chapel Allerton, Leeds, house, 151 
Chapels ; Cambridge (Pembroke college) 
620, 637 ; Henry VII.'s, Westminster 
Abbey, 14 ; Roedean school, 854 ; Shep- 
herd's Bush (Bapt.) 601 
Chastleton. church and house, 839 
Ghel-ea, detached house, 69, 614, 616, 814, 

815. 816 
Chests; dressing, 7o4 ; Jacobean, 255 
Chetham hospital, Manchester, staircase 

in, 550 
Children's hospital, Sunderland, 418 
Chippendale chairs, two. 822 
Chippenham, business premises, 168 
Church hall. Sketty, 654 
Churches : Bramhall (St. Michael) 890 ; 
Coldstream (U.P.) 788 ; Coin Roger 
(doorway) 839 ; Culross (abbey) 96 ; 
Cumberland {proposed, ip) 727 ; Dulwich 
(St. Barnabas, tower 720 ; Uuntisbourne 
Rous, 839; East Bersholt, 132 ; east end 
interior of, 684 ; Eastnev ( 8t. Margaret) 
817, 882; Eccleshall (All fcS.) 686; 
Florence (English) 661 (San Miniato, 
pulpit) 271; Hambletou .St. Andrew) 
132 ; hamlet club designs) 550, 567 ; 
Headcoin, 274; Hildesheim (Andreas, 
grille in) 4 ; Icomb, 839 ; Latchford St. 
Mary R.C.. sanctuary fittings) 686 ; 
Leicester (St. John, iron screen) 341; 
Mold (St. Mary) .535 ; Northop, 535 ; 
falisbury (at. Martin, lectern) 605 ; 
.Stretfoid (All Saints) 684 ; Sunbury 
Common (St. Saviour) Tb\ ; 'looting 
Oraveney (All Saints) 686 ; Whitley Bay 
iCongl.) 271 ; Woolmer Green, Welwyn 
(St. Michael) 61 
Cisterns, concrete armoured, 192 
City hotel, H Cooper's Soane design, 310 
City, the: Cannon-street tire station, 550 ; 

Fenchurch-street, Lloyd's registry, 14 
Claybury-hill police station, 418 
('leadon'cottage homes. 117, 118, 436 
Club. BuiLiusu News designing: alms- 
houses, 16ii ; branch bank fa,;ade, 310; 
hamlet church, 550, 567 ; parish hall, 
461,471; tea-house fa'.-ade, 788 
Clubhouses; Pall Mall [Umted University) 

661 ; York golf) 1&8 
Coffer, 16th ccnturvl, 119 
Coldstream. U.P. churA, 788 
Colleges ; Bangor (University) 2,3; Bristol 
(Baptist) 2iS; Cambridge (Pembroke, 
chapel) 620. 637 ; Haileyhury (new form 
rooms) 864; Wellington (E. Warien's 
design) 238 
Coin Roger, doorway in churcb, 839 

Cologne, balcony at Rath-haus. 4 
Column, Uomiu Corinthian, Lateran 

Museum. 337 
Colwyn Bay police station, 620 
Combe Down, Bath, hou*e at, 168 
Competitions : asylum, blind (Old Trafford 
— accepted, Mangnall and Littlewoods) 
380; BuiLDisG News designing club 
(almshouses) 168 (branch bankfacide) 
310 (hamlet church; 550, 567 (parish 
hall) 454. 471 tea-house fac«de! 788 ; 
college (Wellington, dining hall, E. 
Warren i 2.38 ; convalescent home (Glos- 
sop, G. H. Wdloughby) 201; cottage 
homes (Cleadon, 1st. Milburn. Wills 
and Anderson) 417, 418, 436; cottages, 
labourers (Ireland. 1st. S. Mess) 720 C/nd. 
J. R. Burn) 737 (3rd. T. M. Deane; 738 ; 
council house extension (Birmingham— 
selected. Ashley and Newman! 10, 14. 
51, 64 (H. T. Hare) 61 (Mansell. Mansell 
and Dixon; 96 Matear and Simon 96; 
free libraries (Anufleld Plain, Ist, E. 
Cratoey) 271, 291 (Bangor, adopted, 
Dixon and Potter) 720 (Failsworth, 
selected, Ogden and Hoy) 620 (Hither 
Green, selected, H. Hoptoo) 311, 397 ( Ply- 
mouth, selected, Thornely and Rooke! 
518 (tteddish. Stockpoit, adoptel. Dixon 
and Potter) 720 ; Grissell (grand stand. 
W. A. Mellon) 344 ; hospital (Sunder- 
land, children's— selected. Armstrong 
and Wright) 418; National (book illus- 
trations, E. Paul) 132 detached belfry, 
H. B. Laycock) IfS (doorway, Siena 
cathedral, E. A. Atkinson) 380 (panel 
for screen, Hilda Warlow) 134 ( pulpit. 
San Miniato, Florence, R. Atkmson) 
274 (wrouglil^iron altar and sign, A. 
Halliday; 620; Royal Academy cartoon 
(draped' figure. Am'y .T. Fry) 96 ; do. do. 
designs (botanical house. A. W. Rose)' 
271 (decoration of public building, Caron 
O. Lodge! 14. 61 (triumphal arch, F. J. 
Watson Hart) 238 (wayside inn. A, 
Winter Rose) 271 ; do, do drawing 
(Oxford Radcliffe library, L. Wilkinson) 
454 ; R.I,B,A. measured drawings 
(Stokesay castle, D. Robertson) 584 ; 
Koyal Institution measured drawings 
(Pembroke college chapel, W, H. 
McLucas) 620, 637 ; schools (Barnsley, 
high, amended, Ist, Buckland, Haywooa- 
Farmer and Ashford) 344, 361, 3S2 
(Bishop Auckland, secondary, Ist. E, F, 
Reynolds) 575, 576 (2nd. Clark and 
Moscrop) 576 (3rd. Buckland and Hay- 
wood-Parmer) 577 (Castleford, second- 
ary. 1st. Robinson and Alban Jones) 

780 (2nd and selected, W. S. Brai';hwaite) 

781 (Goole, secondary, 1st. Willink and 
Thicknesae) 331 (ind, Tennant ana 
Collins) 334, 335 (Gorton, selected. Lodge 
and Dixon) 822, 888 ( Luton, secondary, 
selected, Spalding and Spalding) 204 

WalUsey, grammar, selected, ^'illink 
and Thicunesse) 771, 772; Soaoe city 
hotel, H. Cooper) 310; town hall (.'\uok- 
land, N.Z.— selected, J. J. and E, J, 
Clark), 711, 715 ; University college 
, Bangor, selected, H, T, Harej 2, 3 

Concrete armourea cisterns. 192 

Conkwell Grange, Wilts, 651 

Constable's statue, Vtctoiia and Albert 
Museum, 274 

Convalescent home, Glossop, G, H. 
Willoughby's design, 201 

Corinthian column, Roman, Lateran 
museum, 337 

Coroner's court, Manchester, 314 

Cotswolds, sketches in the (.1, H. Jones) 839 

Cottage homes, Cieadon. 117. 118, 136 

Cottages ; Beech, 238 ; country, in Surrey, 
310; four model village (F. H, Jones's 
design) 185 ; Hest Bank, Lancaster 
(three) 788; labourers', Ireland (1st, S. 
Mos-) 720 ,2nd. J, R. Burn' 73r (;ffd, 
T. M. Deane) 738 ; Tarring (Beckett's 
677; week-end (J. E. Dixoo-Spam's 
design) 96 

Council house extension designs, Bir- 
mingham : selected, .Ashley nnd New- 
man, 111, 14. 51, 61; H. T. Hare, 61; 
Mansell, Mansell and Dixon, 96 : 
Matear and Simon, 96 

Council schools : Caerphilly (Twyn) 113 ; 
Gorton Thornwood-avenue! 822, 890 ; 
Old Tralford (Seymour ParK) 488 ; .~Stret- 
ford (Hen»haw-roadi 488 

Country : cottage in Surrey, 310 ; house, 
a. 6Si 

Courts : coroner's. Manchester. 311 ; 

police. Westminster. 418 
Courtyard house, Whitley. 720 
Ciawley Giaoge. Bucks. 788 
Crocket, carved, Beauv.ais, 370 
Cromwellian table and chair, 255 
Cro-ss, French, Uth century silver, 5ls 

C rowborough, house at, 96 
Crowhurst, place, Surrey. 812 
Cubing, iriegular figure. 116 
Culro8.s Abbey, restoration of, 96 
Cumberland, proposed church in. 720 
Cups, 17th century repouss^, 518 

DECORATION of public building. 
Academy design (Caron O. Lodge) 14. Bt 
Designing club. Buili.iso Nsws : alms- 
houses 168; branch bank facade. 310; 
hamlet church. 660. 567 ; parish hall, 
151. 471 ; tea-house facide. 788 
Designs: BtiiLDiso News club, 168. 310, 
4U 171, 550, 567, 788; church, east end 
of 'iJ H. Gibbons) 581; city hotel 
(Soane, H. Cooper) 3i0 ; cottages 
(country in Surrey, C. Nicholas) 310 
(model, F, H, Joaes) 185 (week-end, J. 
E. Dixon-Spain) 96; country house (J. 
E Dixon-Spain) 581; decoration of 
public buildings Academy. C, < ). Lodge) 
14, 64; detachei belfry (National, H. 
b' Laycock- 168; grand stand (Unssell, 
W A. Melloni 3il ; panel for scieen 
(National. Hilda Warlow) lil ; trium- 
phal arch (Academy, F. J, Watson 
Hart) 2 38 „ „ v . • 

Detached ; belfry, H. B. Laycock s 
National design, 168; house at Chelsea, 
69, 611, 615. 811, 815, 816 
Details ■ almshouses (club) 168 ; cistle 
(Stokesay) 584 ; chapel (Cambridge, 
Pembroke college) 620, 637 : cwteros, 
armoured concrete. 192 ; free librane) 
1 Annfield Plain) 274. 291 (Hither Greeni 
3J7 ; lectern (Salisbury, St. Martin) 60o ; 
municipal buildings, Lambeth. 754 ; 
parish hall (club) 451. 471 ; roofs, saw- 
tooth, 444. 445, 146. 447; tei-house 
facade (club) 788 ; tomb (Durham cathe- 
dral. Hatfield) 201, -in ; wardrobe. 
Louis XIV.. 488 
Dining : hall. Wellington college, B. 
Warren's design, 238, room, Lansdown 
park, 754 
Doncaster, business premises. 581 
Doorway : Coin Roger church. a39 ; old 
(R. j'. H, Haines' drawing) 518; to 
library. Siea'i ciLheiral, 380 
Draped figure, Academy cartoon (Amy J. 

Fry' 96 . ,^ 

Drawings : Archi, Asaocn. (botanical house 
and wayside inn, A. W, Rose! 271 ; 
Bergamo cathedral porch (E. Whyley) 
2.18; Burgos cathedral (H. 0. Brewer) 
418, 488; Cotswold sketches (J. H. 
Jones' 839; doorway, old (R.J. Haines) 
518 ; Beadcorn church (T. F. Green) 
274; Henry VII.'s chapel (Elizabeth 
Drake) 14; measured (Buckton hall. J. 
R. Trnelove^ 853, 851 (Cambridge, Pem- 
broke college chapel, W. H. Mcl.ucas) 
620, 637 (Durham cathedral, Hatfield 
tomb, B. Watson; 204, 221 (Stokesay 
castle, D. Robertson) 681 (wardrobe, 
I,ouis XtV., W. Thomson) 4.8S ; 
National book illustrations, K. Paul) 
132, 201 (detached belfry design, H. B. 
Laycock) 168 (Florence, pulpit, San 
Miniato, R. Atkinson 271 (omamental 
treatment of metal, Mabel Jepson) ol8 
(Siena cathedral doorway, R. Atkinson) 
:^so wrought-iron altar and sign. A. 
Halhdavi 020; Pugin (Salisbury, pulpit. 
St. Martin's. E. Garrett) 505 ; Rojal 
Academy decoration of public building, 
C. (j. Lodge) 11 (O.xford. Radcliffe 
librar;. L. WiUinson) 151 ; Tudor 
manor-house (J. Lanyham) 14 
Dressing chest, inlaid. 754 
Dulwich, tower, Bt. Barnabas' church. 720 
Dunblane, wueen Victoria memorial 

school, 550 
Duncan's,, 96 
Dunniow. bouse at. 651 
Duntisbourne Rous, church. 839 
Duomo. Pisa, sanctuary lamp, 751 
Durham cathedral. Bishop Hatfield s 
tomb, 204, 221 

EACrliE lectern, St. Martin's. Salisbury, 


East ; Bergholt church, 132 ; end of a 
church, 584 

Eastuey, interior St. Margaret's church, 

Eccleshall, new choir and transept. All 
Saints' cliurch, 686 

Edinburgh studentship drawings, ward- 
robe (H. 'Ihomson) 488 

Eft'ect of fault on water supply, 81 

Electric generating station, Birmingham, 
109, 481, 613, 750 

Ellicott memorial, Gloucester cathedral, 

English church, Florence, interior of, 654 

BUILDING NEWS, VOL. XCII.;iiv to June. 190. . 


SiippJ'-rif^nt to thi' 
Building Xkws. July 12, 1907, 


Entrance LorJpe, Brooklandwood hoose, 
Baltimore. 720 

Examples of old ironwork, Fine Art 
exbibi'ioD. b^O 

Exchange, Kingsway and Sardinia-street, 

Exhibitions : building trades. Olympia. 
513; Fine Art Society's, old ironwork 
at, 550 : home arts and industries, furni- 
ture at, 754 

Extension : desiffU'*. coun'-il house. Bir- 
mingham I, select -d. A shley and Newman ' 
10. 14. 51. 6* (H. T. Hart" 61 (Mansell. 
Mansell. and Dixon 9fi 'Matear and 
Simon 96; New S:otland-yaid, 132 

FACADES : branch bank, club de- 
signs. 310 : popular tea-house, do.. 7Ss 
Factory roofs, saw-tootb, 44*, 445, 446, 417 
Failsworth free library. 620 
r.ilmouth. Bay hotel. 584 
Farm. Urchard, additions to, Broadway, 


Faraham. house at. 132 
Fatima, by EveUn Paul, 132 
Fault, effect of, on w-iter supply, S4 
Fenr-hurch-street. E.C.. Lloyd's registry. 14 
Figure : cubing an irregular, 416 ; draped. 

Academv cartoon i, *my J. ifry^ 96; 

National drawing cf ■ EveWn Paulj 2(>4 
Filtration, upward, of sewHge, 84 
Fine Art Society's exhibition, old iron- 
work at, cttO 
Fire station*: Cannon-street, B.C., 550; 

Reddish. Stockport, 720 
Fittings, panctuary, Sc. Marv'a R.C.. 

Latchford. t^Sn 
Flamborougb Head. Bnckton hall, 85^, 8.54 
Flamboyant carving at Beauvais. 379 
Florenci> : interior of English church, 654 : 

pulpit, San Miniato, V74 
Foot's Cray Pla'-e. bowling alley. S49 
Forecourt and giteway, Uravthwaite hall, 

Form rooms, new. Haileybury college, 854 
Four model village cottages. 185 
Free libraries : Annfiela Plain. 274. 291: 

Bangor, 720; Failsworth. 620; Hither 

Green. 344, 397; Plymouth, 5l8 ; Ked- 

dish. Stockport, 720 
Friendly Society's premises, Liverpool 

.Royal Liver) 890 
Furniture sketches, 149, 255, 754, 822 

GALLERIES, art : Manchester, Whit- 
worth, iui : riymoutb. olS 

Garden seat and chair, 754 

Gateway and forecourt, Gravthwaite hall, 

Generating station, Birmingham electric, 
409, 4d1, 481. 613. 750 

German : ironwork, 4, 550 ; pigs and cups. 

Glossop ctnvalescpnt and nurse-s' home. 
G. H. Willoughby's design. 204 

Gloucester cathedrnl, Bp. EUicott's altar 
tomb. 647 

Glvnn Vivian home for blind, Ciswell. 616 

Golf clubhouse. York. 48S 

Goolo. secondary school designs : 1st, 
Willink and Thieknesse. 334 ; 2nd, 
Tennant and Collins. 334. 335 

Gorton, Thornwoud-iivenue schools, S2i, 

Grammar schools : St. Albans, 620 ; Wal- 
lasey, 771, 772 

Grange, Broadbenibury, stabling, 418 

Grand stand, W. a. Meliou'd Grissell 
design. 344 

Graythwaite hull, forecourt and gateway, 

Great organ, Newcastle cathedral, 163 

Grey Friars, Canterbury, 13i 

Grilles, at Hi'desheim : Andreas Kirche, 
4 ; catliedral, 4 

Gnssell design, timber grand stand W. A. 
Mellon; 344 

Guar<i, window, Leibnitz house. Han- 
over. 4 

Guildiord, house, Warwick Bench estate, 

HAILEYBURY college, form rooms, 

Halls : Buckton. 853. 854 ; Graythwaite 

^foi-ecourt and gatewayj 84^; Honing- 

toQ. SV2 ; of houses in N'orthamberlandj 

S-Zil in Polano) ti; Khual, Mold. 535; 

Sketty (church ■ 654 ; University College 

school, Haujpstead, 654 
Hambleton church, Rutland, 13i 
Hamlet, church, a, club designs. 550, 567 
Hampstead, liall ot Univeisity College 

school. 654 
Handles, 16th century, 550 
Hanover, window guard at Leibnitz 

houst;. 4 
Hatfleld s tomb. Dm-ham cathedral, 2C4 

Headcorn church, 274 
Henry VII. '^ cbapel. Westminster. 14 
Henshaw s blind asylum, 0,d Tratford 

Hest Bank. Lancaster, three cottagae, 783 
High schoul, Barneley. 314, 361, S6^ 
Hildesheim : gate, north door, cathedral, 

4 : grille. Andreas Kirche, 4 
Hinges. 16th century. 550 
Hither Green free liorary. 341. 397 
Holder, new sash cord, l';i8 
Home arts exhibition, sketches at. 754 
Homes: blind. Caswell. 616 ; nnnvalescent 

and nurses', Glossop. G. H Willoughby's 

design. 20(; cottage (Cleadon 417.418, 

436 ; Scarborough ,John Horue), 890 

Honington hall. 812 

Home homes. Scarborough, S90 

Hospitals : Manchester Clietham. s'air- 
case m) 550; Sunderlttnd children's 

Hotels: Aldwych : Waldorf i 14. CO; At- 
lantic City ^Marlborough, Blenheim) 
125 : Birmingham {Acorn 5£0; Fal- 
mouth [Bay) 581 ; large city H. I'ooper's 
Soane design) 310 

Houses : Beech (cottage^ 238 : botanical 
specimen ; W. A. Ro-ie's design) 274 ; 
Bozedown, Whitchurch, Oxon. 788 : 
Brookl and wood, Baltimore lodges' 720 ; 
Bucfeton hall 8^3. h54 ; Chapel Allerton, 
454 ; Chelsea detached) 59, 614, ^15, 814. 
815, SIH : Combe Down, Bath, 168; 
Conkwell Grange. 654 ; cottages, midel, 
185; country, 584 ; courtyard, Whitley, 
720 ; Crawley Grange. 78S ; Crow- 
borough, as . Crowhurst - phiee, .^12 ; 
Duncan's. Biilingshurst, 96; liuomow. 
6-^4 ; Farnham. 13;f ; Foot's Cray-place 
(bowling alley I 849 ; Grange, Broadhem- 
bury (stabling) 418 ; He!^t Bank Lan- 
castier cottages) 78? ; Honinglon ^hall) 
812; Irish labourers' co'tages ';ist. 8. 
Moss 720 ^2nd, J. R. Burn) 737 ;3rd, 
T M. Deanc; 73S ; Killyon Manor, 822 ; 
Lansd wn Park i, dining-room) 754 ; 
Limpsfield, 703 ; Maes Henlyn. Vale of 
Clwyd,890: Margaret-street. W. (cham- 
bers! S.t4 ; Northumberland (hall of 
822 ; Poland, 5. 6. 7 ; tthual hall) Mold, 
515 ; Royal -icaoemy design. 274 ; 
Shanghai, 201 : Storrington, 620 ; Surrey, 
99ii ; Satton, 274; Sweden iresidencenf 
H M. Minister to), 890; Tarring old 
cotUges) 677 ; Theydon Bois. f>71 : Tor- 
quay ^620 ; Troon. ■i!74, 344 ; Tudor Manor 
iJohn Langham) 14 ; Upper Swell 
(manor, porch of ) 839 ; Walton-on-Hill, 
890 ; Warwick Bench estate, Guildford, 
518 ; week-end cottage, 96 

How to cut rafters, SS6 

Hyde Park palice station, 418 

ICOMB church, from west. 839 

lliusrr.tioDS, b.iok, Evelyn Paul. \^2, 204 ; 
Northleach (Sherborne Aims) 839 

Inns : wavside, Academy design (A. W. 
Ro^e) 274 

Inspiration, statue, Victoria and Albert 
museum, 14 

International bank, Shanghai, 204 

Ireland, labourers' cottages for : lat, S. 
Moss. 720; 2nci, J. R. Burn, 737; 3rd, 
T. M. Deane, 738 

Ironwork : altar, 620 ; German. 4.530 ; inn 
sign. 620; old. Fine Art Hociety's exhi- 
bition, 550 , screen, bt. John's, Leicester, 

IrreguUr figure, cubing. 416 

Isolde nearing Cornwall ; Evelyn" Wood) 

JACOBEAN: chest. 25. i ; staircase, 

( 'hettiain h mpital, lYlarchester, 550 
.Tohnson technical school, Durhim. 754, 773 
Jugs, German 18th century. 518 
Junior house, Roedean school. 854 
Justice, palace of, Brusaels, 686 

KILLYON" manor, Co. 3Ieath, recon- 
struction ot. 822 
Kingsway, proposed exchange, 132 
Knowledge, statue, Victoria and Albert 
Museum, 14 

LABOURERS' cottage". Ireland, de- 
signs : 1st, S. Moss, 7.iO ; 2nd, .T. R. 
Bom, 737 : 3rJ. T. M. Deaue, 738 

Ladder-back chair, J 49 

Lambeth municipal buildings .detail) , 
Brixton Hill, 754 

Lamp : bracket, 839 ; sanctuary, Pisa 
duomo, 751 

Lancaster, three cottages, Hest Bank, 788 

Lansdown Paik, dining-room. 754 

Latchford, St. Marv's R.C., sanctuary 
fittings, 686 

Lateran museum, Roman Corinthian 
column. 3?7 

Lectern, St. ^Iirtin's. Salisbury, 50^ 

Leicestei, iron screen, St, John's church, 

Leighton's statue, Victoria and Albert 
museum. '^74 

Libraries, free : Annfield Plain. 574. 291 ; 
Bangor, 720 ; Failsworth, 620 ; Hither 
Green, 344. b97 : Plymouth, 518; Red- 
dish. Stochport, 720 

Library, Radclitfe. Oxford, 454 

Lihth, first wife of Adam vEvelvnPaul) 

Limpsfield, house at, 703 

Livtr Friendly Society. Royal, Liverpool, 

Liverpool. Royal Liver Friendly Society's 
premises. 890 

Lloyd's registry, Fenchurch-street, E.G., 

Lock. 15th century German. .550 

Lodge entrances, Brooklandwood house, 
Baltimore, 720 

Lo'gia. new AVar Ofhce, 719, 720 

Lostock. house at. 4*^8 

Luton secondary school, 204 

MAES HENLYN. V.Ue of Clwyd. 890 
Manchest-r : blind asylum. Old Tratford, 

380: C:hetham bospital staircase 5.=io ; 

coroner's court, interior, 344 ; packing 

warehouse. Whitworth-st.'-oet, 167. 168; 
sash-coid holder, 198; Whitwoith art 
galleries, 204 

Manor houses; Killyon, Co. Meatb. f2* : 
Tudor, by John Langham, 14 ; Upper 
Swell, porch of, 839 

Margaret-street, W., bachelors' chambers, 

Marlborough-Blenheira hotel, Atlantic 
City, 125 

Measured drawings : Buckton hall f J. R. 
Truelove). 853. Sii ; C'lrabridge. Pem- 
broke college cbapel vW. H. McLucas) 
620. 637 ; Uurham cathedral, Hattield 
tomb (B. Wat:^on; 201. '^21; Salisbury, 
lectern, tit. Martin's church (E. Qarratt 
505; Stokesay castle (l>. Robertson) 
^84 ; wardrobe Vietona and Albert 
Mustum, H. Thomson) 4Hs 

Memorial: altar tomb ; Bishop ElHcott) 
Gloucester Cathedral, 647 ; school (Queen 
Victoria Duoblane, 550; statue (Lt.- 
CjI, O'Leary; Warrington, 647 

Metal, ornamental treatment of (Mibel 
Jepson) 518 

Miliai-i* statue, Victoria and Albert 
Museum, 184 

Minister t > Sweden's house, 890 

Model village cottages, four, 185 

Modern stoves and ranges, s ime. 744. 745 

Mold : Rhual hall, 535 ; St. Mary's church, 

Monastery, chair. 17th century, 149 

Mook's bench 17th century. 822 

Monuments ; Dur' am nathedral (Bp. Hat- 
fitldj *^04, 221; Westmioster Abbey 
(Marquis of Salisbuiy I 14 

Municipal : buildings, Lambeth, part of 
elevation, 764 

Museums : Lateran. Rome Roman CorFn- 
thian column) 337 ; Plymouth. 518 ; 
Victoria and Albert .sculpture on) 14, 
274 ^wardrobe 488 

NATIONAL drawings: book illus- 
tration-s Evelyn Paul) 132.204; detached 
belfry, design H. Biaycock) 168; door- 
way, tiena cathedral i R Atkinson) 380; 
ornamental treatment of metal Mabel 
Jepson) 518; panel for screen (Hilda 
Warlow'. 454 : pulpit. San Miniato, 
Florence R. Atkinson i 274; wrought- 
iron altar and sign A. Halliday) 620 
National pension fund for nurses, royal 

premise-. Huckingham-gate. 685, 686 
Netheitield, Notts, oanaand shops, 48S 
New Scotland-yard extension, 1.H2 
Newcastle-on-Tyne, cathedral organ, 168 
Northleach. Bherborne Arc: s inn, 839 
Northop church. Flints, 5J5 
Northumberland, hall of house in, 822 
North Wales university college, 2, 3 
Nuneham, boat hou-*e, 5S4 
Nurses' : home, Glossop, G. H, Wil- 
loughby's design, 204; pension fund, 
royal National, Buckingham-utrtet, 6i;5, 

OCTAGrON, Burgos cathedral, 418 

I tthces ; Shanghai banking) 201 ; War, 

new. loggia of, 719. 72o 
Old: doorway, 518; ironwork, Fine Art 

Society's exhibition, 550 ; Trafford 

{Heusiiaw's blind asylum, 380 Seymour 

Park school 488 
O'Leary, Lt.-Col., statue. Warrington, 647 
Olympia. build'ng trades' exhibit.on; 51) 
orchard farm, Broadway, additions to. 686 
Organ, great, St. Nicholas' cathclral, 

Newcastle, lfi8 
Ornamental treatment cf metil Mabel 

Jepson) 518 
Oxford, Radcliffe library, 454 

PACKING warehouse. Manchester, 
167, 168 

Palaces: Aschaffenburg, 14 : Brussels 
(Justice) H86 

Pall Mall. I'nited TTniversity club, 654 

Panel for screen, National design i Hilda 
Warlow) 4d4 

Parish hall, club designs, 454, 471 

Pembroke college chapel, Cambridge, 620, 

Pension fund for nurses, royal national, 
6^5. 636 

Philadelphia, public buildings, 196, 197 

Piaa, sanctuaiy lamp in the Duomo, 751 

Fl»ne-table. traverse, a S80 

Plans : abbey Culrossi 96 ; almshouses 
;club) 168: arcn, triumphal (Academy, 
i?'. J. W. Hart) 2j8; art galleries Whit- 
worth, Manchester) V04 ; asjlum blind. 
Old Trafford) 380; baths ;Salford, 
Ist, MangnallanaLittlewoods) H84 i2nd, 
H. T. Bonner 885; baths and library 
Reddish, Stockport) 720; business pre- 
mises Chippenham) 168 .Xetherfield) 
488 ; castle Stoke--av) 68i ; chambeia 
Margaret-street, W.) 854; chapels 
Cambridge, Pembroke college) 620 
(Shepherd'sBush. Bapt. i 601; churches 
(Eramhall) 890 Coldstream U.P.) 788 
'Cumberland, a proposed) 720 (Ea'-tney. 
tet. Margaret; 817 ^hamlet club. 550, 5rj7 
(Sunbury Common, St. Saviour 1 754 
i Whitley Bay, Congl. 274 (Woolmer 
Green, bt. Michael) 64 ; clubhouses (Pail 
Mall, United University tj54 York. 
golf) 4SS; colleges (Haileybnry; 854 
(Wellington extension. E. Warren's 
design) 238 ; cottage homes 1 Cleadon) 
417. 418, 435 ; cot 'ages Beech) 238 
;country) 310 ;He»t Bank < 738 .Irish 
labourers, Itt, S. Moss) 72o (2nd, R. J. 

Bum) 737 (3rd, T. M. Deane) 738 

(village 185 (week-end) 96; council 
houte extension (Birmingham, selected, 
AshUyand N»wman 51 H. T. Hare) 
64 Mansell, Mansell and Dixon, P6 ; 
court, coroner's {UTan'jht-teri 344 ; 
exchange farm buildings Broadway, 
Orchard) 686, hall Bucktoni 8£3 ; hall, 
parish (club designs: 454. 471 ; homea 
blind, Caswell: 616 convalescent,, 
Glossop. G. H. Willoughby) 204; hos- 
pital Sunderland, children s 418 ,. 
notels 1^ Aldwych. Waldort, 60 (city, 
Soane design, H. Cooper* 310 Fftlmouth,. 
Bay J 584; houses (Asbford. Middlesex) 
488 (Bczedown, Wbitohurch) 788 Chel- 
sea, detached; 59. 815 (Corabe Down. 
Bath) 168 (Conkwell Grange) 654 
country) 584 (Crawley Grange) 78$ 
vCrowborough) 96 (Duncan's, Billings- 
hurst) 96 (Dunmow 654 , Farnham 1 132 
(Killyon manorj 822 (Limpsfield 7*^3 
(Lostock 488 (Maes Henlyn, Clwydi sgu 
(Poland , 7 (Storringtonj 620 (Theydon, 
Boia) 671 (Torquay^ 620 iTroon 274. 
344 Walton-on-Hill; 890 Warwick 
Beech e.state, Guildford 518; libraries, 
free (Annfield Plain! 291 Failsworth} 
620 Hither Green :JU, :^97 (Plymouth) 
518 ; loggia, War OtHce, 719 ; new Scot- 
land - yard extension. 132 ; nurses* 
pensioh fund, royal national. 685 ; plane- 
table traverse, a, 880 ; schools (Barnsley,. 
high 344, 661, 362 (Bishop Auckland, 
secondary. 1st. E. F. Reynolds) 575, 576, 
(2nd, (.;lark and Moecrop) 576 ,3rd. 
Buckland and Haywood-Farmer) 577 
Caerphilly. Twyn) 113 (Castleford. 
f-econdary, 1st, Robinson and Jones' 780^ 
12nd, and selected, W. S. Braithwaite) 
781 (Dunblane, tiueen Victoria 550 
(Goole, secondary, 1st, Willink and 
'i hicknesse 334 '2nd, Tennant and 
Collins) 334. 335 .Gorton: 822, 890 
(Johnston. Durham, technical 773 
( Luton, secondary) 204 Roed-^-an) Sol 
(St. Albans, trram.) 6/0 .Wallasey, 
gram.) 771. 772 ; stabhng (Grange, 
Broadbembury) 418 ; stand, grand 
(Grissell, W. A. Mellon) 344 ; station, 
electiic generating Birmingham, 4C9. 
4Sl ; stoves and ranges, modern, 745; 
tomb (Durham caihedral? 221 ; uni- 
versity college (Bangor), 2. 3; ware- 
houses Manchester, packing 167 _ Wor- 
cester) 854 

Plymouth art galleries, library and 
museum, 518 

Poland, house in, 5, 6, 7 

Police : court (Westminster'^ 418; stations 
(Clavbury Hill) 418 (Colwyn Bay) 620 
,Hvde Park) 418 

Popular tea-hous", club designs, 788 

Porches : south. Bergamo cathedral, 23S; 
Unper Swell manor house, ^39 

Power stations, 8, 341, 374, 375.409,451, 
481, 613, 750 

P^alm of David, a (Caron O. Lodge) 14. 64 

Public : building, design for decoration 
of [C. O. Lodge) 14, 64 ; buildings, 
Philadelphia, lb6. 197 

Pugio drawing, lectern. St. Martin's, Salis- 
bury E. Garratt) 50=) 

Pulpit, San Miniato, Florence, 274 

QUANTITIES, a detached house at 
Chelsea. 69. 614. 615. 814, 815, 816 ; 
memorial school, Dunblane. 55<"i 

Quten Victoria, statue, Victoria and 
Albert museum, 14 

RADCLIFFE library, Oxford, 454 

Ratters, how to cut, bS6 

Hanges and staves, some modern, 744. 745 

Rath-haus, Cologna, wrought -iron bal- 
cony, 4 

Reconstruction of Killyon manor- 822 

Fi.eddish, Stockport, baths and library, 720 

Registry, Lloyd's, Fen?hurch-street, E.G., 

Residence, H.M. Minister to Sweden. 890 

Revisited. America. 125, 196, 197, 418 

Rhual hall. Mold. 535 

Roedean school ; chapel, 854 ; junior 
house, 854 

Roman Corinthian column, Lateran 
museum, 337 

Roofs, saw-tooth factory, 444, 445, 446, 447 

Rooms : ante and ball, Crawley Grange. 
788 , board, Lloyd's registry, 14 ; dinin*. 
Lansdown Park, 754 ; hall and studio, 
Poland. 5, 6, 7 ; hall, in Northumber- 
land, 890 

Royal Academy: cirtoon, draped figure 
(Amy J. Fry) 96 ; design, decoration 
Caron O. Lodge) 14. 64 ; do-, house (A. 
Winter Rose) 274: do., triumphal arch' 
(F. J. Watson Hart; 238; do., wayside 
inn A.. Winter Ro-e\ •-rt'4 ; drawing 
(Radcliffe library, Oxiord, L. Wilkin- 
son) 454 

Royal : Institute British Architect^, 
measured drawings : Stokesay Castle 
(D. Robertson) 684 ; Institution, 
measiired drawings : Pembroke college 
ch.ipel, Cambridge (W. H. McLucas 6v0, 
637 ; Liver Friendly Society, Liverpool, 
fc90 ; National nurses' pension fund, 
685, 686 

SAINT : Alb.an8 grammar school, 620 ; 
Andrew Hambleton. 1:^2; Barnaba-» 

Dulwich. tower 720 ; George figure. 
Victoria and Albert mu-wum; 14; John 

Leicester, screen 344 : Margaret East- 


Supplempnt to the 
Bl'ildino News, July 12, 1907 


Junuary to June. 19u7. 

ney) 817, 822 ; Martin (Salisbury leclem) 
504; Marv (Latchfori RC. fittings) 
686 CMoM) 535 ; Michael (Bramhall) 
890 (fig'ure, Victoria and Albert museum) 
14 ; (Woolmer Green) (J4 ; Miniato 
(Florence, pulpit) 274; Nicholas iN'ew- 
castle Cathedral, organ) 1G3 ; Saviour 
(Sunbury Common) 7o4 

Salford baths designs : accepted, Maognall 
and Ijttlewoods. 883, 8i:4, S9J, 907 ; *iind, 
H. T. Bonner, 885 

Balisbury : lectern. St. Martin's cliurch, 
505; Marquis of. monument to, AVest- 
niinster Abbey, \i 

Sanctuary : fittings, St. Mary's R.C , 
Latchford, 686 ; lamp, Pisa duomo, 751 

Sash cord holder, new. 108 

Saw-tooth factory roofs, 144, 415, 446, 417 

Scarborough, John Home hornet, 890 

Schoola : Barnsley ;high girls') 34 4. 361, 
362; Bishop Auckland it^econdary i, Ist. 
(E.F. Reynolds) 576, 576 {-^nd. Clark and 
Moacrop) 576 ^rd, Buckland and Hay- 
wood Farmer) 577 ; Caerphilly iTwyn, 
Council) 113 ; ('astleford (necondary. ist, 
Robinson and Alban Jones 780 (2nd, 
and selected, W. S. Braithwaite) 781 ; 
Dunblane (Uueen Victoria memorial) 
550; Goole (1st design, WiUink and 
Thicknesse) 334 f2ad, Tennint and 
Collins) 334, 335 ; Gorton (Thorn- 
wood-avenue, council) 822, 890; Hamp- 
stead (University College, great hall) 
654, Johnston, Durham (technical) 751, 
773 ; Luton (secondary) 204 ; Old 
Trafford (.Seymour Park) 488; Roedean, 
S54 (8t. Albans gram.) 620 (Stretfotd, 
Henahaw-street; 483; Wallasey (gram.) 
771, 772 

Scotland-yard, New, extension. 132 

Scott -Moncrieff upward filtration of 
sewage, 84 

Screen: iron, St. John's, Leicester. 344; 
panel for, National design \ H. \Varlow) 

Scribe recording a Psalm, 64 

Sculpture, Victoria and Albert museum, 
14, 274 

Seat, garden, 754 

Secondary schools : Bishop Auckland (1st 
plan. E. F. Reynolds) 575. 576 (2nd, 
Clark and Moscrop) 676 i3rd, Buckland 
and Haywood-Farmer) 577 ; Castleford 
(Ist, Robinson and Alban Jones 7S0 
(2nd and selected, W. S. Braithwaite) 
781 ; Goole (lat design, Willink and 
Thicknegse) 334 (2nd. Tennant and 
Collins) 334. 335 ; Luton, 204 

Sections: almshouses (club) 168; arch, 
triumphal Academv design, F. J. "W. 
Haiti 238: asylum blind. Old Tratf »rd 
380; bank faride (club) 310; castle 
(St*kesay) 584 ; chapel (Cambridge, 
Pembroke coUeie) 620; church (hamlet, 
club) S.'oO, 567 ; cottage homes (Cleadon) 
418, 436; cottages (Irish labourers. 1st, 
S. Moss 17, 20 (2nd. J. M. Burn) 737 
(:ird, T. M. Deane) 738 (village) 185; 
hospital iSunderland, children's) 418 ; 
hotel city, Soane design, H. Cooper) 
."^10; hou-e. 615 (Chelsea) 69; libraries, 
free Annfield Plain) 274. 291 (Hither 
Green; 397 ■ Pljmou'h) 518; New Scot- 
land-yard exten^iion, 132 ; parish hall 
(club designs) 454.471; power i-talions, 
8, 341, 451. 613. 750; roofs, saw-tooth, 
444, 445, 4iS 447; schools (B^rnsl'^y, 
high) 361, :i62 (Gorton cnimcil . 822. 890 ; 
stand, grand (Grissell, W. A. Mellon) 
344 ; stoves, some modem, 744, 745 ; tea- 
house, club designs, 78S ; tomb (Durham 
cathedral) 204, 221 

Seedley baihs, t^alford designs : accepted, 
Magnall and Littlewoods. S?3, 884. 890, 
907 ; 2nd, H. T. Bonner, SS5 

Sewage, upward filtration of, 84 

Shanghai : house, 204 ; International bank, 

Shepherd's Bush, Biptist tabernacle. 601 

Sherborne Arms inn, Northleach, 839 

Shops : fat'ides. club designs, 788 ; 
Netherfleld, 4S8 ; AVakefield, 454 ; 
Woodstock-street. W., 788 

Siena cathedral, library doorway, 380 

S gn, inn, wrought iron. 620 

Sketches: Bruges and Brussels, 686 ; fur- 
niture, 149, 255, 754. 822 ; near Mold (E. 
Cratney) 535; on the Cotswulds (J. fl. 
Jones) 839 

Sketty, church hall, 654 

Small house in Surrey, 890 

Soane design for city hotel , H. Cooper) 310 

Some modern stoves and ranges, 744, 74 1 

South Kensington museum (sculpture at) 
14, 274 

Specimen house, botanical, A. W. Rose's 
design, 274 

Stabling at ihe Grange, Broadhembury, 

Staircases: Albany cipitol, 418; Chetham 
hospital, Manchester. 550 ; house of 
Minister to Sweden, S9<) 

Stand, grand, W. A. Mellon's Grissell, 3U 

Stations: electric generating (Birming- 
ham! 409. 451 ; fire (Ciunou-street, E.C.) 
560 ^Reddish, Stockpjrt) 720 ; polici 

Claybury Hill) 418 (Cjlwyn Bay 620 

(flyde Park) 418; power, 8, 341, 374, 

375. 409, 451, 481, 613, 750 
Stitues ; Victoria and Albert Museum, 14, 

Stockport, Rsddtah baths and library, 720 
Stokesay castle, 584 
St'jrringtou, house at, 620 
Stoves and ranges, some modern. 744, 745 
Stratton Water, illustrations of, Kvelyn 

Paul, 204 
Stretford ; Henshaw-street school, 483 ; 

interior, All Saints church, 584 
Studio of house in PoUod, 5 
Sub-station, Birmingham power, 481, 613, 

Sunburv Common, ioterior, St. S:;viour's 

church, 754 
Sunderland, children's hospital, 418 
Surrey : country cottage in, 310 ; small 

house in, 890 
Sutton, Surrey, house, 274 
Sweden, house for H.M. Minister to, 8^0 
Swell, Upper manor house, porch of, 83i,' 

TABERNACLE, Baptist, Shepherd's 

Bush, 601 
Table, Cromwellian, 255 
Tankard, 17th century repoussi'e, 518 
Tarring, Beckett's cottages. 677 
Tea-house, popular, club designs. 788 
Technical school, Johnston, ijurham, 754 

Theydon Bois, house a^, 671 
Thorn wood-avenue schools, Gorton, 822, 

Thrae cottages. Hest Bank. Lancaster. 788 
Timber grand stand, W. A. Mellon's 

Grissell design, 344 
Tomb, bishops', altar : Ellieott, Gloucester, 

617 ; Hatfield, Durham. 204, 221 
Tooting Graveney, All Saints' church and 

vicarage. 686 
Torquay, house at, 620 
Towers, church : Dulwich 'St. Bimabas) 

720 ; Mold and Northop. 535 
Town halls: Auckland, X.Z., 714, 715; 

Cologne balcony) 4 ; Lambeth, 754 ; 

Pliiladelphia. 196, 197 
Traflord. Old: blind asylum, 380; Sey- 
mour park school. 488 
Traverse, a plauL-table. 880 
Triumph il arch. Academy design (F. J. 

Watson Hart) 238 
Troon, houses. 274, 344 
Tudor manor house, by John Langham, 14 
Twyn council schools, Caerphilly, 113 

UNIT ED University club. Pall Mall. 654 
University: college, Bangur. 2.3; college 

school, Hamp^ttad great hall; 651 
Upper Swell manor house, porch of, 839 
Upward filtration of .sewage, 84 
U.S3 of the centrolinead, 57 

VICARAGE, All Saints', Tooting 
Graveney, 686 

Victoria : and Albert museum I'sculpture) 
14, 274 wardrobei 488; Queen cchool, 
Dunblane; 550 fstitue, South Kensing- 
ton nius'-um 14 

^'illage cottage*, from mod"!. 1S5 

Vultures in the Himalayas ( Hilda Warlow ) 

WAKEFIELD, business premises, 454 
Waldorf hotel, Aldwycb. 14. 60 
Wallasev grammar school, 771, 772 
Walton-on-the-Hill. house at, 890 
Wardrobe. Louis XIV., 483 
Warehou'iea : Manchester (packing) 167, 

168 ; Worcester. 854 
War : memorial. Warrington, 647 ; office, 

new, loggia. 719, 720 
Wiirrington, war memorial statue to Lieut. 

Col. O Leary, 647 
Warwick Bench estate, Guildford, house 

on. 518 
Water supply, efi'ect of fault on. 84 
Watts', G. F.. statue, Victoria and Albert 

museum. 274 
Wavside inn, Acadeoay design (A. W. 

(Hose) 274 
Week-end cottage, 96 
Wellington college dioing-hall, E. War- 
ren's design, 238 
Welwyn, St. Michael'.", Woolmer Green, 61 
Wejitminster Abbey : Henry VII. 's chapel, 

to N.E., 14 ; Salisbury cenotaph, 14 
Westminster police court. 418 
Whitchurch. Oxon, Bozedown house. 788 
Whitehall, loggia, war ofiice. 719, 720 
^^'hicley Bay Congregational church and 

schools, 274 
Whitley, Surrey, courtyard house, 720 
Whitworth art gallt-ries, Manchest r. 204 
Window guard. Leibnitz house, Hanover, 4 
Woodstock-street, W.. premises, 788 
Woolmer Green, Welwyn, St. Michael's 

church, 64 
Worcester, warehouse, 854 
Wrought iron : altar, 620 ; inn sign, 620 

YORK, golf clubhouse, 488 

.Ja,.mry 4. 1607.1 



I ', 


i XTKjI'ARIANS tell us that ancient 
j.i- Rome was rebuilt ajjain and again : that 
beneath the foundation of the later work are 
to be discovered the foundations of earlier, 
tier below tier, series below series, and that 
this process of renewal must have been con- 
tinuous. There is no historical evidence of 
Home havinj; been completely destroyed ami 
as entirely rebuilt at any definite period ; but it 
was constantly undergoing enlargement and 
improvement." So it has been with the 
great city of London, with this exception — 
that on one occasion it was utterly destroyed, 
by the Great Fiie in IGGO, and had to be 
commenced afresh. We all know now, 
and we all regret, that the new London 
which arose was built upon the same lines 
as the former city, and that AVren's 
great scheme for 1-iying it out with 
radial streets was put on one side because of 
the many vested interests involved. Yet ever 
since then the buildings erected from time to 
time have successively been removed to make 
room for larger and grander, if not more 
beautiful, erections : while extensions have 
taken place in all directions. Fifty years 
ago London appeared to be complete : but the 
(■ry arose for wider streets and more notable 
buildings. By slow degi'ees the old houses 
have disappeared, and in many instances even 
comparatively new erections have quite 
I'ecently had to give place to yet newer ones. 
The process of rebuilding still goes on, and 
the dingy city of our forefathers is rapidly 
giving place to one of broad streets with well- 
designed shops and houses — at an}- rate, so far 
as the principal thoroughfares are concerned. 
Here and there the change has been effected on 
a gi-eat scale and with a flourish of trumpets, 
as when new thoroughfares have been driven 
through congested districts : and although it 
cannot be said that Shaftesbury- avenue is an 
architectural success, yet the new Kingsway 
and Aldwych are likely to compensate for 
its defects — if, indeed, Kingsway be ever 
oovered under the present drastic regulations. 
Still, the majority of the changes are being 
made imperceptibly, little by little as oppor- 
tunities occur. There is everywhere a desire 
for larger buildings. Shopkeepers find that 
they can do best in large premises, and that 
their goods have a better chance of sale if 
they aie displayed in a noble setting. At any 
iMte, this is the inference which one has to 
draw from the fact that shops are becoming 
larger and architecturally finer. 

There is. too, a considerable increase both 
in the number and magnitude of hotels and 
theatres. These are all necessarily of ai'chi- 
tectural importance. To a hotel it is 
particularly necessary that a show should 
be made, for a great building is itself the 
most important standing advertisement which 

a hotel can have. I'nquestionably, London 
is becoming a citv of pleasure, and one to 
which Continental and Transatlantic visitors 
flock as thev did to Paris a short while since. 
Hotel living is also becoming common 
amongst the wealthier classes, as also is 
living" in the great flats, which are run 
almost on the lines of hotels. It naturally 
follows that, if enormous palaces are required 
for such purposes as these, smaller buildings 
must be pulled down to make room tV^r them. 
As a rule, the architecturally insigniticant is 
making way for the architecturally good, and 
in some cases for even the architecturally 
excellent : and once a street contains a great 
building, other great buildings have to be 
erected beside it in order to vie with it. 

The genesis of this process of change can ijc 
seen bv a visit to any of our widelyspread- 
iog suburbs, along the main roads of which 
long rows of shop-fronts, generally of a some- 
what mean exterior, are replacing comfortable 
houses with large gardens, many of which 
dated back a centiu'y or more. This was what 
was taking place at a comparatively recent 
date in many an important street now within 
the business" area, anl the nearer we get to 
I-ondon the more we find that these original 
terraces of shops and houses have been pulled 
down and rebuilt upon a more magnificent 
scale. Here and there, even in such important 
thoroughfares as the Strand, old-time fronts 
are to be found : but almost invariably these 
have given place to new, and the new again 
to newer, as the busy, grimy Ijomlon of a 
few generations since is being changed 
steadily but sui-ely into a gay and pleasure- 
loving town. Unquestionably the greater 
Continental cities are influencing the change 
to a considerable extent : but it is so slow 
and so gradual that it is impossible to point 
to any one definite cause for it. The cry for 
wider streets to contain the ever-increasing 
traffic has doubtless had a effect, 
and so have the large fires which from time to 
time have laid waste considerable areas, which 
have almost invariably been covered immedi- 
ately with new buildingsuponamore grandiose 
scale than formerly, with, it is to be hoped, 
more satisfactory provision for resisting tiro 
in the future. "What woulil have happened 
if the L)ndon Building Act had not placed a 
limit upon the height of buildings it is easy 
to see bv contemplation of the monsti'osities 
of New "York. As it is, the soft, limit gives 
ample scope for the erection of great buildings, 
while the fact that there is a limit at all' pro- 
duces a certain uniformity of height which 
has considerable advantages. Much as one 
would regret the disappearance of the 
picturesque outlines of the older thorough- 
fares, such as the Strand, Fleet-street, and 
Holborn, yet if a change must take place, as 
seems inevitable in a healthy community, it 

is well that it should be upon lines of uni- 
formity .and dignity. 

To a stranger who has been absent from 
London for any gi-eat period of time, the two 
districts where most alteration is seen are 
those of South Kensington and the frontage 
to the Thames. The former is scarcely a 
case of rebuilding, save that the Horticultural 
Gardens have now disappeared, but rather is 
an example of the erection of a group of 
magnificent public buildings such as can 
scarcely be found elsewhere within the same 
small area, extending in an unbroken series 
from the Albert Hall to the Natural History 
Museum and the new Mctoria and Albert 
Museum, now nearing completion. The great 
thing missing in this group is a piazza or 
some other open space from which it can 
properly be viewed. As the hill rises up 
towards the park, it ought not to have been 
ditticult to have so aiTanged the plan at the 
outset as to have made every building simul- 
taneously visible from, say, the site of the 
Alb>Tt "Memorial; but, unfortunately, the 
view is blocked by the gi-eat dome of the 
Albert Hall. The hill has not been taken 
proper advantage of, the land being - lerely 
cut up into rectangular blocks by means of 
parallel streets. This may have facilitated 
the planning of individual buildings, but it 
has utterly destroyed the grandiloquent effect 
of premeditated grouping. It is quite different 
along the river front, where the river itself 
provides the necessary space, and where the 
building', instead of being few and of great 
magnitude, are many and varied. Possibly 
nothing was ever done to the greater en- 
hancing of London's beauty than the construc- 
tion of the Embankment"wall, separated by 
trees and gardens fi-om its flanking bmlding.s ; 
and these, right the way fi-om Blackfriars 
to ■Westminster, are, generally speaking, 
worthy of their beautiful position — how- 
ever inuch one might desire to see the 
ugly river fi-onts of certain large hotels 
rem"odelled in harmony with their sur- 
roundings. Almost the whole of this 
river frontage as it exists at present is the 
result of modern building or rebuilding, 
though much of its dignity and charm 
depends upon the existence of the older work, 
as at Somerset House and the Adelphi. The 
"Westminster group can scarcely now be 
called modem ; but it is one of which 
London may well be proud, being perhaps 
the finest "group of Gothic buildings in 

Hitherto the south side of the Thames has 
been left with its margin of warehouses 
untouched, except between Westminster and 
Lambeth Bridges; but now the southern 
Embankment is to be cjntinuel eastwards, 
at least along the frontage of the new 
county hall. Many of us will miss the 


-Tax. 4, 1907. 

picturesque outline of the older buildings, 
and even the mud Hats before them, yet 
we shall welcome another great monu- 
ment added to those for which I,ondon is 
becoming famous ; for it caimut bo doubted 
that the outcome of the competition just 
being initiated is bound to bo the iiroduction 
of a work of the highest importance. Its 
size alone demands this, especially as the 
depth is not great and the river frontage long. 
Whether wo shall have another (jothic 
structure vieing with Westminster, or a re- 
petition of the severe Somerset Ilouse — 
whether we shall have towers or domes — 
remains to be seen : but at least we ought to 
obtain a magnificent building. Some idea of 
its contemplated magnitude may be gained 
from the schedule of accommodation which 
has to be provided upon the principal 
floor only. This, in addition to the 
Council-chamber and its ante-rooms, has 
to contain a hall capable of seating 800 
persons, a largo library, accommodation 
for members in the foi-m of refreshment and 
reading-rooms to the extent of no less than 
16,000 super, feet, twelve committee-rooms, 
and fourteen small suites of rooms for the 
heads of as many departments. It is to be 
the home of the great administrative body of 
the largest iletropolitan city in existence, 
collecting within its walls a number of at 
present scattered departments. The tendency 
towards centralisation in a case like this is 
absolutely iiTesistible, Similar buildings on 
a smaller scale have been necessarily erected 
in all our provincial towns, and of late years 
in several of the outlying Metropolitan 
boroughs also. It is no wonder that some- 
thing of the same sort is roqmred for the 
County Council. Of the financial aspect of 
the scvheme and the influence which it will 
have upon the rates, important as these matters 
are, we have little to do. We can only welcome 
the opportunity, now being taken advantage 
of, for rebuilding- a portion of London which 
can well be spared upon so magnificent a scale. 
Thft reconsti'uction of Kome and the erection of 
magnificent baths and other public buildings, 
largely for the amusement of the populace, 
may have eventually ended in the bankruptcy 
of the imperial city, and have contributed in 
no small degree to its eventual downfall : but 
the result has been to leave to posterity 
architectural remains of a very high order, 
and there is no reason why an even greater 
city than Kome should not make itself equally 
beautiful without running the same risk of 
financial embarrassment. The capital outlay 
must necessarily be considerable, but it is 
not to be compared with the cost of many 
other improvements effected by the County 
Council, especially when the value of the 
premises to be vacated is taken into account, 
while the acquisition of a great architectural 
monument should be no mean asset to the 


ONE of the largest and most important 
competitions held during the past year 
was that in connection with the new buUdings 
for the liangor University, the result of 
which has so recently been announced. It was 
a limited competition, the following five 
architects out of a large number apjilying 
being chosen to compete : — Messrs. W. I). 
Cariie, J. Francis Doyle, Henry T. Hare, A. 
Marshall Mackenzie, and Arnold Mitchell. 
Mr. Caroe, however, eventually declined 
to compete. A premium of i'l25() was oifered 
to the author of the design placed first, each 
of the remaining competitors to be paid an 
honorarium of £loO. The council of the 
University, acting on the advice of the 
President of the Roy:il Institute of I'.ritish 
Architects, appointed Sir Aston Webb, R.A., 
as assessor. 

T'he site is situated on a hiUside at the 
rear of the town, and is one on which the 

\\i\i:u-ini.v.^iJi.i .' 

^ jblritftafe:-: 


vTSiNTiRM'n coLLmr. or xcnn walk • liXNCiOR.. 

, |. 

SELECTED DESIGN.— Hexky . H\ue. F.R.I.B.A., Anlnt,,/. 

buildings can be grouped with a fine archi- 
tectural effect. It consists of two level 
plateaus — one at the rear and one at the 
front, with a steep slope between, the ground 
at the rear being roughly loOft. above that 
at the front. The conditions stilted that 
' ' competing architects should exercise their 
own discretion with regard to the grouping 

iheme. A reference to the block plan wUl 
low that the buildings are divided into two 
roups — the upper and lower gToups. The 
)Wer one consists of the great hall, which is 
ntered from Ffordd Deiniol (the road of 
•aniel) through a forecourt, witn the mining 
nd agriculture and the botany and zoology 
luildings at the rear. From this lower 

of the buildings and their disposition upon J^oup a long series of steps lead to the upper 
the site, except that the arts and administra- jroup, consisting of a large quadrangle, with 
live building should be placed on the south- She various departments arranged around it, 
east side of the upper portion of the site the arts and administration being to the 
facing the town, and the chemical and south or front, the physics and chemistry 
physical de]iartments on the same portion ofdepartments to the north, the museum and 
thesitefacingCollege-road. Thelibraryshouldlibiwy to the east, and the day training 
also be p'aced on the higher level, and alscdepartment to the west. We illustrate the 
the day training department, if possible. The whole of the plans, with the exception of the 
agricultural and mining departments shoulc basement and second-ttoor plans of the arts 
be placed on the lower level." The cost of th< and administration building, the latter con- 
whole scheme was not to exceed £150,00(1 taining lecture and store rooms, 

exclusive of furnishing: but at present onl;, 
the arts and administrative departments am 
the library will be erected, at an estimate 
cost of £50,000. 

The author of the design placed first i 
Mr. Henry T. Hare, who submitted a yer 
well - balanced and carefully worked - oi 

On the whole, this is undoubtedly the best 
design submitted. Several of the depart- 
ments are rather far from the administration 
buildings ; but this is due to the peculiarities 
of the site, for which, of course, the architect 
is not responsible. The coUege library should 
make a particularly fine room, but several of 

Jan. 4, 1907. 


L-m crLror. or socm wAirr nwioii 

I- 1 

^ — I . ■ ■ I ■ 

^ rirri 

i_. - . 


■ «<(l 







r il T "T: TT — ! 

! ! 






■ t' .1%-. .• V 

SELECTED DESICT.— Hexky T. Hare, F.R.I. B.A., Architect. 



the other rooms in the upper grap are not 
very well lighted. No doubt th wiU be 
remedied in preparing the workindrawings. 
The sanitary arrangements might, ave been 
more thoroughly disconnected, a pnt which 
applies to the majority of the desigs. 

The drawings are "beautifully jt up, the 
levations being quietly treated i; a some- 
■hat domestic manner, but at the ime time 
^ ioroughly collegiate in character. Che half- 
inch detail is a finely-di-awn sheet, ad reveals 
some very interesting and refineifeatures. 
Altogether this scheme seems to lovide a 

lost satisfactory and workmanlik solution 
)f the problem, and the resxiltinghuilding 
should prove a most interesting one 

'vir. Arnold Mitchell submitte a very 
clever scheme, and one which ans the 
selected design very close. The wh^^ of the 
buildings, with the exception of a iiall one 
containing the agi-ioulture and miing de- 
partment*, are in one block, whicl is^most 
compactly planned and well balance There 
M much to be said, from the point oview of 

efficiency in working, in favour of having all 
the departments in one building : but this 
an'angement has the great disadvantage of 
necessitating a number of internal areas, 
with theu- attendant objections. The ele\a- 
tions of this scheme are very good, and are 
of a much more imposing character than Mr. 
Hare's, though, perhaps, hardly suitable for 
a small cathedral town. There are two 
towers, one on each side of the main entrance, 
with a dome between over the council- 
chamber. The genei-al aiTangement of the 
biuldings is shown by a boldly-coloured per- 
spective. Unfortimately the draughtsman 
appears to have visited the wrong site, as the 
bills depicted are really on the other side of 
the valley. 

Mr. Marshall Mackenzie's scheme is on 
verv similar lines to the winning design, but 
has not been so carefully worked out, and 
gives one the impression of baring been 
rushed. Some of the drawings are badly 
finished, the half inch detail being, in fact, 
only half inked in. The bmldings are divided ' 

into upper and lower groups, as in Mi'. Hare's 
design : buc the communicating steps are 
much better aiTanged, being in two large 
staircases instead of a number of small ones. 
There are two perspectives, a wash drawmg 
giving a view in the quadrangle and a biixVs- 
eye view in pen and ink. With a little more 
time spent in the working out, this scheme 
would have proved a very dangerous com- 

Ml'- J- Francis Doyle sent in a set which 
compares very unfavourably vrith the other 
designs, both in plan and elevation. The 

VM\tR?rn COLLEGE t">F Ni"HiTn \>i±r^ ■ tWVCrtik 


agriculture and mining block and the great 
hall are a ver}- long way from the rest of the 
buildings, being at the extreme lower corners 
of the site, with the remaining buildings 
grouped together at the top. The most in- 
teresting of the drawings is a bii'd's-eye view 
sho-wing the buildings in relation to the 
existing country. 


A XYOXE who has made a study of archi- 
-i^ tectural detail will have found that 
local characteristics are as distinctively to be 
traced in each of its accessories and allied 
arts as in its greater forms. In metal- 
work in particular it is noticeable how dis- 
tinct is that of Italy fi-om that of Spain, 
while the work of Germany, Fi-ance, and 
England each has peculiarities of its own, 
easily distinguishable after a little considera- 
tion, particularh- when examples can be 
studied side by side, as in the Honwork 
gallery of South Kensington Museum. The 
examples shown in this article have all 
been sketched from the originals in situ, 
and, strangely enough, the peculiarities 
which are due to locality and nationality 
are to be traced through(iut the work 
of all of many difierent periods. In the 
gate at Hildesheim Cathedral we have an 
example of comparatively early ironwork of 
the Transitional period from the Gothic to 
the Eenaissance, in which the piincipal 
motive is a volute scroll formed of rod iron 
within a rectangular frame formed out of bar. 
The various convolutions of the scroll are tied 
together by other branching scrolls which 
cross and recross the main scroll, but never 
cross one another, tying the whole together 
into a constructionally solid panel. The 
terminals are all formed by flattening out 
the ends of the rod iron into the form of 
leaves, varied in each case ; but the crossings 
are scarcely welded together, though where 


-Iax. 4, 1907. 

HUUSE IN POLAND : THE HALL.— M. H. Baillie .Scoxt, Aniuttd. 

the studio of a house designed for a site in Poland, 
and the accompanying plans give full particulars 
of its general contrivance, which had to be adapted 
to the rigour of Polish winters : no internal 
gutters, thick walls, and small windows, with this 
end requiring double thiclcnesses of glass. The 
author says that in designing such a house 
it is desir."ible to create an interior world 
which in its warmth and brightness would 
to some extent compensate for an enforced 
seclusion within its walls for half the year. The 
garden view, with its radiating vistas, rose- 
bowers, and peacocks, presumably represents the 
surroundings as seen at midsummer. The terraces 
and formal gardens, orchards and maze, seen in the 
general plans, forma mos-t extensive scheme some- 
wh;it skilfully elaborated. , Over the bedroom lloor 
there are five attics in the roofs. The studio and 
library occur un the first floor. These four illus- 
trations serve to indicate to our readers the manner 
and style for the most part represented in Jlr. 
Baillie Scott's work. There are seventeen coloured 
plates, and over a hundred other illustrations of 
thirty subjects ; exclusive of a collection of sug- 
gestive furniture sketches ana interior schemes. 

A comprehensive series nf chapters forms the 
body of the book, giving practical advice on a 
gi'eat variety of questions, and dealing with halls, 
reception-rooms, bedrooms, and ollices, social 
functions and their influence on planning, mottoes 
for the house, fireplaces, stairways, floors, walls 
and windows, ways and means, making the best 
of it, terrace-houses, cottages. Hats, and co- 
operative houses, \'c. Under these headings 
Om author discourses in a light way, supply- 
ing marginal sketches now anil again to 
illustrate his meanings, and thus many ajipro- 
priate and useful hints are given midst son.e tall 

writing, readable enough no doubt in itself, and 
with ideals which in the main are, perhaps, 
suggestive and unexceptionable. '• In the days 
when beautiful things were made levery day as a 
matter of course, there were no museums and 
no art g-alleries, and the whole art force of the 
nation was beneficially spent in the construc- 
tion, adornment, and furnishing of its buildings." 
and we may add, they needed no " professional 
.architects nor art books such as this to tell 
them how the work was to be done. We do 
not say that such guides are not in these de- 
generate days very useful. Mr. Scott devotes a 
chapter to pictures, and their importance in a 
decorative scheme in a house is insisted on. One. 
of the difficulties in this regard with the elemen- 
tary type of building he affects, is illustrated by 
the majority of his interiors, seeing that the 
pictures appear to occur in a most accidental 
fashion. Few pictures can be seen to the best 
advantage when placed on walls of pronounced 
building work, such as we see here adopted. 
The artistic finish of the book leaves nothing to 
be desired, though the enormous size of the 
headings to the chaptera is an affectation best 
avoided — a remark which might well apply inci- 
dentally to several details in the subject-matter 
of tlie book. The commonplace will not he found 
from cover to cover unrelieved by some in- 
dividuality. The lining-paper of the volume is 
an attraction. 

»-^ — 

The Rufibv I'rban District Council having applied 
to the Local linvernment Board for sanction to the 
borrowing of ,£U,:!OU for the construction of works 
of sewage disposal in the parishes of Biltoii and 
Newbold-on-Avon, Mr. F. H. Tulloch. M.I.C.E., is 
to hold a local inquiry on Tuesday next. 


IX the fifth volume of "Modern Buildings." 
which has just been published, there are two 
sections or parts devoted to planning. One of 
these deals with Ecclesiastical buildings, but it is 
by no means a lengthy part, the most important 
illustrations in it, those of St. Jlartin's Church, 
Epsom, by Jlessrs. Nicholson and Corlett, being 
somewhat spoiled by the heavy fomi of lettering 
adopted. However, all the principal forms of 
English churches are illustrated, whether they be 
intended for the use of the Establishment or for 
Xonconformist or other bodies. Much more 
space is given to the planning of Australian 
buildings, which is fuUv explained in Part I^ . 
contributed bv Mr. K. J.'Uaddon. The differences 
between Colonial and English practice are remark- 
ably well brought out, and the examples indicate 
that in domestic buildings, at any rate, our Colonial 
contemporaries can do .as good work as any 
Knslish architects. Thev do not, however, appear 
to have developed so well as we have done of 
recent vears tow.ards a monumental style for 
public buildings. Another valuable part of the 
book now before us is the treatise upon armoured 
or reinforced concrete contributed by Jlr. P. K. 
Strong, anparcntly as a sequel to his contribution 
to Vol. IV. upon "steel constructio n. He has put 

= Mndfro Buildinss : their PlanninB, Constniction, 
-.i-ai Equipmnit. By r,. A. T. Middi.f.tox, A.R.l.H-A.. 
Vi.v-rres.dent of the Society of Architects, author ot 
•■ BuildiDL' Materials." •' Stresses and Thrusts.' ' Drainage 
of Town and Qountrv Houses," &c. Assisted by a speoi- 
ally-sele--ted staff of contributors. Trofusely illustrated. 
Vol. V. Part I.. Ecclesiastical Buildings. l^rtU., 
Aimnured Concrete and Masonry Construction. 1 art 111., 
The Duties -of Cl.rks of Works. Part IV.. Au.stralmn 
Planninir and Construction. Price 10s. bd The Caxton 
Publishinft Co., Clun House, Surrez-street, W.O. 

Jan. 4. 1907. 



in concise form a great deal of valuable informa- 
tion, hitherto only to be obtained by wading 
through extensive volumes, mostly of foreign 
origin, and thus makes comprehensible a 
method of construction which is still new to 
many of us, and feared on account of its 

for himself. Plate 4, which illustrates a groined 
vault, designed by Jlr. J. Ormrod, and Plate .1, a 
small mausoleum, by Mr. E. L. Hampshire, are 
both admirable explanatory sheets, shomng in the 
one case how a Gothic vault, and in the other how a 
Renaissance dome, shovild be constructed. Need- 

ment of electriiity has broadcntd the application 
of the term. Wo now have the power-station for 
electrilied railways proper, tube railways, light 
railways, for tramways, for lighting, for "lighting 
and workshop, and other jwwer supply, for com- 
bincd ligliting power supply and traction ; muni- 
cipal stations and those owned by public companies, 
besides the private station for individual works, 
factories, &c. All are ■ ■ power-st,ation8 " or 
" power-houses "' in the estimation of the engineer, 
and, possibly excepting the hist variety, by popular 
acceptation also. We may quite reasonably use 
the term '* itower-house" of any housed energy- 
producing plant that is non-electric. The engine. 
boilers, A:c., operating a cable tramway, or other 
medium independent of electricity, correctly con- 
stitutes a power-house, .as also the engines, kc. 
at a pit-head : but by custom the term is now 
ju-actically synonymous with an electrical under- 
taking. Therefore the problem before the pro- 
moters of a power-station may be defined as the 
design, construction, and equipment of a building 
to house the necessary plant for the generation of 
electrical energy. 

This is the simplest definition. The whole 
problem may be much more. Take, for example, 
the work necessary to provide a municipal tram- 
waj-. After the station problem comes the 
" line, " or electrical conducting system, the 
keeping "alive " of which is the first anxiety 
of the station engineers. A farther question is 
the " track " for the cars, and finally the motor- 
operated cars themselves. Here are four distinct 
parts of .a whole, of which the power-station is 
but one. In the case considered, too, the station 
may include a car depot, for which a special 
building is required, and in such cases probably 
very complete accommodation for managing and 
engineering staff — the whole a considerable 
undertaking and comprising much work for the 
architect, which, if as respects the offices is 
ordinary designing, as regards the depot requires 
some special study. 

The "substation " is an offshoot of the central 

HOrSE IN POLAND : GROUND PLAN.— JI H. Scott, Ar,h<lnt. 

newness and apparent difficulty. He deals mostly 
with the Hennebique and Kahn systems : but has 
not forgotten any of the others which are at pre- 
sent upon the market, while explaining thoroughly 
the simple laws which underlie the anplication of 
aU. '^ 

A considerable part of the volume is occupied 
Iv a very complete exposition of practical ma-somy 
by Mr. W. Hooker. Starting with the elucida"- 
tion of a few simple geometrical problems, he soon 
proceeds to explain the practical setting out of 
arches and vaults, explaining how the stones are 
cut and the proper methods of making the various 
moulds. Of course, every possible case is not 
exemplified ; but quite enough is given to enable 
any good foreman mason to devise other cases 

less to say, the volume has, like its predecessors 
of the series, been beautifully produced and fully 

By R. OwEK Allsoi". 

THE term "power-station" is generic. Any 
device for housing a grouped arrangement 
of machinery devoted to the generation of elec- 
trical energy is, in common parlance, a power- 
station or 'power-house.'" The term is a 
conveniently concise method of designating a 
class embracing several distinct variations. An 
eiirly definition of the term would have been " an 
electric-lighting works." The commercial develop- 

power-bouse, and will vary in its plan according 
to the type of machinery to be installed. As one 
power-house may feed several substations, and a> 
each available site for such necessarily differs, 
there is a considerable amount of planning 
required to adapt the requirements, apart from 
the arrangement of the machinery. The object 
of the substation is to receive the current from 
the central power-house, and distribute it to 
requisite points. The supply being high tension 
— alternating, as a rule — the requisite appliances 
and machines for its conversion to a lower potential 
and generally to direct current are required to be 
installed with the necessarj- switch details. 

If the definition of a power-station be accepted, 
we require to ascertain the componeift parts of 


•Tax. 4, 1907. 

such. Until such time as electricity may be 
commercially iiroduced by the direct combustion 
of coal, we obviously require a prime mover, and 
if this be steam wp need a boiler and coals. The 
alternative prime movers are the hydraulic motor 
or the internal combustion engine. Puttinjj aside 
the variation in details—electrical and me.'hanical 
— of stations for \aried purposes, the elements 
are wonderfully simple. A strong family like- 
ness runs through the genus ''power-station." 
Where the amateur engineer possessed of a prime 
mover decides to couple this to a dynamo, if he go 
to work in a straightforward, natural manner, he 
will unconsciousl)- produce the general system of 
an-angement of the power-station. Assuming 
that he has a steam-engine he will naturally, 
unless absolutely prevented by the available space, 
place the dynamo on the farther side of the engine 
from the boiler. By so doing the generator is 
kept as far as possible from steam, water, coals, 
and dust, evidently a desirable arrangement. 
When he connects the cables to the work, lamp or 
motor as the case may be, he will naturally 
choose a position still more remote from the 
boiler for a switch or switches controlling the 
supplv of current to the several desired positions. 
Herein are the elementary features of the largest 
steam-power station as generally arranged, so far, 
that is to say, as concerns the relative positions of 
main factors and ignoring subordinate details. 
Almost universally the arrangement of the steam- 
power-house is (1) boiler, {2)' eilgine, (3) genera- 
tor, (4) switchboard. 

This order coiues about naturally as we have 
shown. As a rule, it would be going out of one's 
way to produce any other arrangement. It is, 
moreover, the exact order followed in the con- 
version of heat into mechanical work, and that 
work into electrical energy, and its subsei|ucnt 
control and distribution. In a large new station 
we ha\n, to all intents and purposes, the order 
(1) boiler, (■>) generator, ^3) engine : but the plan 
arises from the peculiar type of combined vertical 
and horizontal engine adopted : otherwise, any- 
thing that brings the generators nearer to the 
boilers must be considered bad practice. A\'ith 
ordinary types of engine the standard arrange- 
ment is easily followed. In the horizontal cross 
jompound engine, the cyiindei-s being placed 
towards the boiler-house brings the generators on 
the remote side, as they should be, with their 
plane of revolution across the long a.\is of the 
engine-room ; whilst an ordinary \ertical type of 
engine will havi; its length disposed crossways of 
the engine-house, bringing the generators to the 
desired position and revolving in a plane 
parallel to the long axis of the engine-house, while 
a turbine set wou'd be well disposed in the same 
way. This is not so at Lots-road, where doubt- 
less peculiar reiiuirements have disposed the 
S,OOOU:P. turbo-alternator sets in two rows 
parallel toihe long axis, and revolving crossways 
of the engine-h'iuie. 

We have used the term "engine and generator" 
as though they were separated, whereas the modern 
practice is to build the generator about the engine 
crankshaft, the belt having disappeared long since 
for all except special circumstances : but our 
meaning is that the engine end of the compounded 
engine and dynamo should be towards the boilers, 
so that the steam connection between the boilers 
and cylinders may be as short and direct as pos- 
sible. There is .always the possibility of a burst 
steam-pipe with water over the electrical ma- 
chinery, and reduction of length of the steam- 
pipe reduces the risk, apart from the evident 
reasonableness of the arrangement. Whether the 
switchboard is arranged along the length of the 
engine-house or at one end, the electrical end of 
the steam generator will bs free for a gangway, 
and with a subway under for the cables : while 
at the boiler end, either above or below the driving 
floor level of the engine-house, the condensing 
plant can be compactly arranged. In the sketch 
section given herewith of a simple hand-stoked 
central station, such as may be found in numbers 
in the provinces and elsewhere, the condensers 
are above this floor-level, with the atmospheric 
pipe and relief-valve in the engine-house and 
under direct observation— a not undesirable plan. 
The sketch shows the general disposition we have 
considered. The sole connection between boiler- 
house and engine-house, beyond a convenient door 
of communication, is therefore a series of neatly- 
formed holes in the wall for the steam-pipes 
between the main, connecting the boilers and the 

We ai'e neglecting for the moment the auxiliary 
electrical machinery and boiler-house accessories, 
all of which must be considered before an actual 
plan can be made. The system of working may 
also include accommodation for batteries, and 
having a scheduled list of these and electrical 
machines, pumps, economisers, \'c.. the whole 
plan must be nrade with strict regard to e.x- 
tensions. The immediate plant will be that 
capaVile of dealing with the maximum load 
arranged for and to spare ; but the spare boiler or 
auxiliary is not for extemled business, but .as a 
stand-by and for repairs. It will bo noticed that 
frequently a new power-station, of howe\'er pre- 
tentious architectural design, is left with an end 
both of boiler-house afid engine-house — at times, 
indeed, with both ends— in an unfinished con- 
ditiim. temporarily boarded or enclosed with cheap 
galvanised iron walls. This is unavoidable. 
Much expensive rearrangement of existing power- 
house fittings has been necessitated in the past by 
permanently walling in plant which at the time 
of its provision was sufficient for the business. 
Often a fairly correct forecast can bo made of the 
load in the immediate future, enabling a whole 
plan to be made of which part only is carried out 
at first. At the time of luaking this plan the 
moving of heavy parts of machinery must be con- 
sidered in relation to installed plant. The Urst 

thing necessary in power-station building, after 
side walls and roof for boiler and engine-house, 
is a suitable travelling-crane and track in tlu- 
engine-house, this lifting device being thereby 
available from the first for moving the parts of 
the engines, generators, Arc. 

The advent of the steam turbine may, on 
suitable occasions, considerably modify the 
general arrangement of the power-station. It 
promises to assist in the problem of installing 
plant on expensive and cramped sites. The 
turbine is light for its power, and gives little 
vibration in moderate sizes, so much so that 
holding-down bolts are considered superfluous. It 
is reported that two power-stations are contem- 
plated in the States, where the turbines will h<- 
superimposed above the boilers, and providini^ 
that the intervening floor completely cuts off the 
atmosphere of the boiler-house from the engine- 
room, it is ditKcult to see any objection, while 
there are evident advantages in the saving of 
ground area and economy in structural building 
work. The steam run would be simple, live 
steam ascending and e.xhaust descending to, say, 
a condenser-chamber which could be cut oEE the 

The method of coal supply does not affect the 
general arrangement of a power-station : but the 
block building as a whole may be placed and 
adjusted to the site specially with reference to 
this most important consideration of fuel for steam 
generation. Of the several systems of fuel supply 
to boiler furnaces, that with automatic chain- 
grate stokers and bucket-conveyors passing oyer 
the boiler-house and tipping into hoppers is re- 
duced to something approaching a standard of 
practice, and employed advantageously in ^ven 
compaiatively small stations. In the most 
compact arrangement, the conveyor-buckets .also 
take away the ashes from under the boiler fur- 
naces. The coal has to be brought to the chain- 
conveyor, and the system to be adopted must 
largely depend on the method whei'eby the coal is 
delivered from the collieries. For waterside 
stations the fuel may be barged, and some ar- 
rangement of belt conveying employed, such as is 
in use at Lots-road. At the Fulham Borough 
(Council Station, another waterside building, the 
fuel is lifted to a receiving hopper by a crane and 
grab, and the conveyor runs up an incline to the 
track over the boiler-house hoppers. A rather 
elaborate arrangement exists at the L.C.C. 
Greenwich .Station. The crane-grabs deliver to 
small tipping-waggons run along the pier by 
small electric locomotives, and drop into a hopper 
feeding the actual conveyor. It is not quite clear 
why a conveyor was not extended to the pierhead, 
thus saving all the railway and extra transference. 

For'stations erected adjoining railways, hoppers 
and belt or screw conveyors of various kinds are 
employed. The small station, if isolated from 
either rail or waterway, must depend on the usual 
method of coal deliverv. 

Jax. 4, 1907. 


Considerable advante has been made witli the 
combining of refuse destructors with municipal 
power-stations. Good work is done, indirectly 
t)eneficial to the public : but the results can 
hardly be said to form a remunerative business. 
The average evaporation of one pound of water for 
one pound of refuse only warrants the use of the 
system on sanitary grounds. For this reason the 
designer of a power-station may frequently in 
future be called on to include a refuse destructor 
plant and necessary buildings. 

The sketch shows clearly the reason why it is 
generally preferable to arrange the switchboard 
correctly in the order given. The board shown is 
situated at the end of the engine-house. It is 
evident that no extension of the engine-house can 
be made in this direction without first pulling 
down the whole of the switch details, which in a 
modern station are on an elaborate scale, the old- 
lime '' llatb(-)ard " type having disappeared for new 
schemes, and the old ones e.xisting ought to beswept 
away wholesale by order of authorities. Where 
the switches are arranged on the side of the 
engine-house most remote from the boilers, both 
ends of the engine-house are available for the 
laying-down of additional "imits." In many 
ordinary buildings we can '• throw out " a wing 
here or there for additional accommodation. Such 
a course is impossible in a work which, as we 
l\ave pointed out, comprises, when complete, a 
true "machine." There are stations existing 
where both ends of the engine-house are blocked 
from further extensions — one end occupied by the 
switchboard and the other by the cooling-towers. 
At least one end should be left free, and this 
should be seen to at the first inception of the 
scheme. In many sites it would be well to place 
the power-house centrally, so that both ends could 
lie extended if necessary : and this is perfectly 
feasible if the switchboard is arranged as recom- 
mended. It would seem, from a consideration of 
the section shown, this would necessitate a 
larger span of engine-house roof. This does not 
of necessity follow. Steel pillars can support the 
traveller track, and an addition can be built out. 

In the case of the vertical cross-compound 
engine, the position of engine and generator are, 
so to speak, one and the same, and the machine 
can be arranged as at the Chiswick tramway 
station, revolving in a plane parallel to the long 
axis of engine-room. ( lur allusion to vertical 
engines above presupposed the marine type or 
three-throw compound engine. Where two rows 
of horizontal cross-compound engines are pro- 
vided, the arrangement at the "Tube'' power- 
house at Shepherd's Bush can be recommended, 
the engines back-to-back, with cylinders towards 
the centre of the engine-house. The whole width 
of the engine-house is what is required to be 
determined, and the type of engine governs this. 
Having allotted the requisite space for the engine 
and generator, the condenser arrangements must 
next be considered, these and the requisite gang- 
ways making up the total width required. 


EVERY( IXE at all conversant with the cost of 
reinforced concrete work knows only too 
well the disproportionate amount due to centring. 
In very heavy foundation work this propor- 
tion may not be excessive, but in some buildings 
of reinforced concrete the labour cost of installing 
and removing the wooden false work, together 
with the cost of the material itself, has made up 
.50 per cent, of the entire expenditure. (For 
admirable cost reports on a leinforced-concrete 
bridge see Emj„rrnn<j .Vc'-.- of March -1. 190(3.) 

The cost of the centring material is heavy, 
and, when wood is considered, is growin" heavier 
almost month by month. This is due to the 
constant and rapid' increase in the prices of timber 
and lumber of all kinds, which has taken place 
during the past few months. 

The first plan which comes to mind, looking 
towards the economising of centring material, is 
to make repeated use of each piece. This can 
readily be accomplished where a building is largely 
a repetition from floor to floor, or from bay to bay. 
But unless the structure is very barge, a consider- 
able time is lost through the necessary delays 
experienced while waiting for the concrete to set 
before the centres can be removed. This is the 
case, however, only where the concrete is handled 
in a wet state. 

. * ,?''J!?'''* ^'o™ ^ P*P"" ''y Ml". E. P. OooDRini, 
Am.hoc.C.E., read before a meeting of the .\ssociation of 
American Portland Cemeut Manufacturers. 

Consideration of these points led to the adoption 
for a series of one-story buildings of the method 
already described- i.e., casting on the ground the 
columns, beams, girders, and roof slabs, and of 
electing them as structural steel is handled. For 
the moulds for column.s cast on one side only three 
pieces are needed in place of four, if the column 
is moulded vertically. This effects a saving of 
'J.') percent, for column centring material. Further, 
little or none of the costly bolting or bracing 
is needed when the concrete has a depth of but a 
few inches, which is all that is necessary if the 
columns are cast on the side. Another advantage 
found with these column forms, which is also 
shared by the beam and girder forms under this 
method, is the fact that the side boards can be 
removed after iM or at the most 48 hours, and 
used again two or three times during the intervals 
in which they must be left in place if the work 
is done in the usual way. This alone effects a 
•">0 per cent, .saving of material, as only the 
narrow bottom pieces are needed in any great 
numbers. In the special buildings described a 
much greater saving was effected in the centring 
for the roof slabs in the folUowing manner: — 
The ground floor, which consisted of concrete, 
was installed as soon as the girders and beams 
had been erected. On this flat surface ordinary 
smoolh puiafhned building-paper was spread, and 
the roof slabs marked out by narrow strips of wood 
of a width just eijual to the thickness of the 
desired slabs. The reinforcing-rods were then 
placed as required, and the cinder concrete spread 
to fill the moulds. In this way the regular floor 
formed the major part of the slab moulds, and 
(he cost of centring material in this instance was 
almost nothing. iThe ground floor might better 
have been laid before the slabs were moulded, the 
roof slabs cast as above described, and the large 
members set up on top of the slabs.) A further 
saving in this material was effected by this "Axy " 
method of construction, through the obviating of 
the necessity of using the almost innumerable 
vertical supports which serve to uphold the 
centres when the whole floor or roof surface must 
be bviilt up in wood so as to form moulds into 
which the wet concrete is poured. These various 
savings effected in the material for centring cut 
its cost, on the particular structure in tjuestion, to 
less than 2o per cent, of what it would have been 
had the other method been employed. 

In another building in which the "wet" 
method was used a saving of centring material 
was effected in the following manner: — It was 
deemed best in this particular building to erect 
brick walls. It was then suggested that the 
brickwork be built first, and that proper le.-esses 
and flu- -like openings be built into the walls. 
Thus by using much fewer boards these recesses 
could be transformed into moulds into which the 
wet concrete could be poured. This concrete 
could be properly reinforced for the columns for 
the support of the building. In a similar way 
the beams and girders which were des'gned to 
come wholly or :n part within the walls had the 
brickwork so built as to form a part of the bottom 
and at least one side of the forms. 

An indirect method of saving centring material 
is to devise methods whereby a lesser amount 
originally purchased can be used more times, and 
thus reduie the relative cost. One such device 
was employed with marked success on several 
large buildings, and the floor moulds for all parts 
except the girders were good enough for the whole 
of another building after having been u.sed six or 
seven times in the first one. Instead of making 
the moulds for the beams in the form of boxes 
open on the top, and providing thin, easily 
damaged mould boards for the slab bottoms, the 
idea was reversed and slab bottoms were combined 
with the beam side pieces so as to make a box 
with its open side downward. This box was sup- 
ported on cleats fastened to the lower outside 
edges of the girder boxes. Besides indirectly 
saving centring material, these boxes readily lend 
themselves to use as cores to effect a material 
saving of concrete, as has been mentioned above. 
The cost of timber for centring is advancing so 
rapidly that the use of other materials is coming 
into greater and greater prominence. The use 
made of the brick wall described above could as 
readily be adapted to walls made of concrete 
biockd, whether the latter were cast i« ^l^v or on 
the ground, and hoisted, and placed "in the 
dry." If the price of lumber advances much 
higher it will be possible to make core-boxe.s of 
sheet-metal instead of wood, but in all essential 
respects like those mentioned above. There are 
on the market several patented systems of mould- 

ing concrete walls with wet concrete by making 
use of small metal moulds. The great dis- 
advantage with most of them is the small size if 
the moulds employed, which thus increase the 
labour incident to the jilacing of only small 
quantities of concrete at any one jioint. After an 
investigation of these systems a slightly different 
idea was worked out with regard to the column 
moulds. Column forms built in a<-cordance with this 
idea were used very successfully on two large build- 
ings. Cinder-concrete shells Ijin. in thickness were 
cast in proper moulds. These shells were piled up 
and properly wedged into position, and served as the 
moulds into which was poured the concrete for the 
columns. High carbon steel-wire spirals were 
used for the column reinforcement, and these 
spirals were worked into the cinder-shells so that, 
no extra reinfort'ing was needed after the shells 
were put in place. Sheet-iron, bent into drums of 
the proper dimensions for the columns, formed the 
outsidesof the moulds for casting the cinder-shells, 
and it was found most economical to employ for the 
inside cylinder moulds expanded metal lath. The 
sheet-iron for the outside mould gave the outside 
of the cinder cylinders a smooth exterior surface 
(when the concrete was properly tamped), while 
the metal lath was fine enough in texture to 
prevent the concrete from running through its 
meshes more than enough to provide a perfect 
>)ond between the cinder - shell and the 
concrete matrix of the completed columns. 
The process of preparing the shells was as 
follows : — A collapsible drum was constructed, 
upon which was first wound the wire for the 
reinforcement. Outside of this was wrapped the 
lath, which was then fastened to the wire rein- 
forcement by wire clips in the same manner in 
which metal lath is fastened together and to 
ordinary metal studding. The wire-and-lath 
cylinders were then placed inside the sheet-metal 
moulds and cinder concrete tamped between, to 
form the cinder shell. The metal sheets were 
held in proper shape and position by light wooden 
frames, built to the necessary shape and so bolted 
as to be easily removed. These forms and the 
metal sheets used for the outsides of the moulds 
were removed after 24 hours and used for other 
moulds ; the platforms on which the cinder shells 
were cast being the only parts which it w,as 
necessary to leave untouched for longer periods. 
In thiswaythe costs for themouldsfor the cinder- 
shells were reduced to a minimum and, since the 
sheet-metal could be easily lapped to any extent, 
the same sheets served to make shells of all 
diameters, from the largest to the smallest, and 
were still available at the end of the job. 
These cinder shells have many advantages : 

(«) — They form a fireproofing for the concrete 
columns, which are manifestly the most vuIrTer- 
able parts of all concrete structures. 

Ill) — They do away with all column centring. 

(c) — They carry the spiral column reinforcing 
in a manner very easily handled and with perfect 
certainty of no possibility of displacement. 

[cl) — They are capable of erection with com- 
paratively unskilled labour. 

(r) — They require forms for their manufacture 
which are of the simplest and, because of the 
possibility of repeated use, are of the cheapest 

(/) — Since round columns are the most efficient 
per square inch of effective area, they provide the 
strongest column with a given area. 

(y) That portion of the concrete column which 
is not designed to carry any load is of poor quality 
material, thus making a column of slightly 
cheaper cost. 

Turning now to the item of labour on (he 
fabrication of centring, three points are potent in 
effecting economies : — {n) Have as much work as 
possible done in regular shops, so that consider- 
able use can be made of machinery. By this 
means, too, piecework can be employed with the 
resulting economies. For one building the core 
boxes described above were constructed in a 
planing mill, and were delivered re.ady for erec- 
tion. The wire-and-lath cylinders used in the 
cinder shells were similarly fabricated, and it is 
this same means which makes it possible to fabri- 
cate so cheaply the beam reinforcement in the 
somewhat complicated truss forms which are most 

\li\ — Have as much work as possible so arranged 
that it can be executed by comparatively un- 
skilled labour. The boxes described above were 
almost entirely handled and placed at the building 
by common labour, thus effecting a great economy 
over the usual methods, by which the labour 



Tan. 4, 1907. 


H. V. Ashley and 'Wi.vton Newman, Anhittct^. 

oonditions required the employraent of high-priced 
skilled labour fi.r working wood. 

((■) — Obviate as far as possible the use of the 
saw and the hammer. The first can be done by 
purchasing all matei-ial cut to sketch, and by 
making it a cause of discharge to cut a piece of 
lumber. The hammer and nails should be 
replaced by bolts and a wrench. 

The last item also goes far towards reducing 
the cost of removing the centring. Where the 
cinder shells were used there was no expenditure 
for removing column forms, and it was nearly a 
minimum where the "drv" method was em- 
ployed. Of course, all builders use oil to coat the 
centres. A liberal use of this material greatly 
protects the wood against being damaged by its 
alternate wetting and drying. It also tends to 
give a good surface to the concrete; but beat of all, 
it largely reduces the cost of removing the 

Great care should be taken in the design of all 
centring, to make it as readily erected and 
removed as possible. It is believed that fully as 
much time can be profitably devoted in the office 
to the careful design of the centring for a job, as 
to the design of the reinforcement. As to the 
latter, it is believed that each beam and other 
member should be as carefully analysed, as are 
complicated plate girders. Regular strain-sheets 
should be prepared and preserved for record, and 
all elements carefully investigated. Another 
point for careful study in the office is that 
of reducing to a minimum the number of 
types of beam reinforcement to be used on 
a building. This item is even more im- 
portant than in the design of structual 
steel - work, where it is made a cardinal 
l)oint. Keinforcement and centring should bo 
made interchangeable from bay to bay and from 
tloor to floor, as far as possible. \'ery often a 
design can be altered so that this can be effected 
with great economic advantage and with little 
or no loss of architectural or other features. 

Many of these points are only iibvious ; but 
they have been included here in an endeavour to 
bring together as far as possible, in a short article, 
the most important points which tend towards 
economy, efficiency, and excellence. 

(with lithographic illustkations.] 

ILOYD'8 RE(iISTRV," whose headquarters 
J are in the building in Fenc.hurch-street, 
and portions of which we now illustrate by exterior 
and interior views, must not be confused with 
•• Lloyd's," the Society of I'nderwriteis. 
whoso quarters are located in the Royal Ex- 
change. Lloyd's Registry is a society formed 
nearly a hundred years since for "the pur- 
pose of classifying vessels of all kinds for 
insurance purposes ; hence Al at Lloyd's 
alludes to Lloyd's Registry, and not, as 
many people suppose, to "Lloyd's," under- 
writers. It may readily be supposeil that a very 
large staff is required to enable thi^ society to 
s\n-vey, report, and suggest on the construction of 
nearly all the ships built in the United Kingdom, 
and to a large extent on the Continent, and which 
it is necessary they should do to en-iblo them to 
arrive at a proper classification. The building, 
therefore, provides very ample acconmodation for 
surveyors, engineers, draughtsmot., and general 
clerks,. and besides has two floors of basement for 
the storage of past registers, i;c. I'ortland stone 
has been used for the elevations facing Fen- 

church-street and Lloyd's-avenue. The carving 
generally was done by Mr. T. E. Taylerson : but 
the great feature is the work done by Mr. ti. 
Frampton, R.A., which consists of several large 
panels emblematic of trade, commerce, and 
shipping, and by four bronze statues. The board- 
room is panelled in mahoganj', inlaid by various 
■woods. The columns are of Numidian marble, 
and the whole of the entablature and the ceiling is 
covered with coloured decoration. The panels of 
the ceiling were executed by Professor Moira. 
The panel over the mantelpiece is in statuary 
marble, and the work of Mr. H. Pegram. A.R.A. 
Besides these artists Mr. Collcutt was able to avail 
himself of the services of Mr. Lynn Jenkins and 
ilr. Bertram Pegram for other decorative work, 
and in the classification-room is a picture by 
Mr. Brangwyn. A.R.A. The architect of the 
building is Mr. T. E. Collcntt, of 3(i, Bloomsbury- 
square, W.C.* 

1 — I 


LAST week we gave a review of the designs 
submitted in the final competition for this 
important imdertaking. To-day we print the 
four plans of the selected design, together with 
the principal elevation which faces Congreve- 
street, and also a detail sheet of the same fa(,'ade. 
Other further illustrations will follow. The 
architects thus chosen are ^Messrs. H. V. Ashley 
and Winton Newman, of Gray's Inn, W.C. It 
will be seen on examining the plans that provision 
is made for an admirable series of picture galleries 
which are connected with the existing buildings 
by a bridge, and on the second floor a range of 
museum rooms extend along Congreve-street. 
The two lower floors are devoted to municipal 
offices in , distinct departments very cleverly 
arranged. The cost is estimated at £150,001). 

The ' ireenock Corporation have received a report 
on the proposed supplj^ of Electricity to Port 
Glasgow. The Greenock Burgh electrical engineer 
reports that the most economical method would be 
to deal with Port Glasgow simply as an extension 
of the present are.i', and he divides his estimate into 
two sections. The first, amounting to £!■_', '280, and 
comprising the cost of generating plant and high- 
tension cables led into a sub-statiou near the centre 
of Port Glasgow, is to be borne by CI reenock Cor- 
poration. The second, amounting to i'l-.OSO, 
includes expenditure on the sub-station and dis- 
tributing mains in Port (xlasgow. It is calculated 
that the cost of supplying current to Port Glasgow 
will be 12 per cent, more than the average in 
Greenock, but any increase in output over the 
estimate will tend to reduce this difference. 

A light railway, V2\ miles in length, is about to 
be constructed in Salop between Cleobury and 
Mortimer. Jlessrs. Bott and Stennett, of West- 
minster, have taken the contract. 

At Kedhill, the Bishop of Southwark consecrated, 
on Wednesday, the first section of the new church 
of Holy Trinity, consisting of the chancel and tour 
bays of the nave. The chutch. towards which 
,i:(),.')00 has been promised, will form a memorial to 
the late Rev. Henry Brass, for forty years vicar of 
St. Matthew's. Rtdhill, who died suddenly in lOOft 
while on a tour in the I'nited States. The church 
will be I'erpendicular in style, and the total cost 
will be £10,000. The section first opened accom- 
modates 400 persons, and the church, when 
finished, will seat 650. 

* We gave details from the architect's Itoyal Aoidemy 
drawing.H of the farades in the Buildino News for -Jan. 13. 
1001, and Jan. 2!i, 1904. 


Dixi EUMLixE. — It was reported to the Carnegie 
Trustees at their meeting at Dunfermline on 
Friday, that 210 schedules of conditions had been 
supplied to architects in connection with the pro- 
posed competition for the branch library at 
Baldridgeburn, and that plans are to be lodged 
by January 10. An assessor will be appointed to 
award premiums amounting to £20, £15, and £10 


' •^ 


An adjourned Local Government Board inquiry 
has been held in Dublin in reference to the appli- 
cation of the corporation for sanction to a lean of 
£131,000 for the purpose of providing a new Vartry 
water reservoir at Roundwood. The inquiry has 
been further adjourned until Feb. 14. 

At an expenditure of over a quarter of a million 
the new sewerage scheme at Derby has been com- 
pleted. The system includes outfall and purification 
works, together with main intercepting sewers for 
carrying the refuse to six septic tanks at Spondon 
for bacteriological treatment. The water, having 
been filtered and purified, is disch.arged into the 
Derwent. The principal contracts were carried out 
by Messrs. Aston .Smith and Sons, of Buxton, and 
Messrs. James Byre, Linrited, of Bury. 

The " Diaiy and Handbook of the London 
Master Builders' Association " is issued, price 
half-a-crown, by Cnwin Bros., Ltd., 27, Pil- 
grim-street, E.C. 

The Peterborough Board of Guardians at their 
last meeting adopted plans by Messrs. Townsend 
and Fordham, architects, of that city, for additions 
to the workhouse infirmary for cases of phthisis, 
estimated to cost £1,280. 

Mr. Sampson Hill, of Redruth, has been 
appointed as architect for the new parish Sunday- 
schools to he built at Budock, near Falmouth. 

An exhibition has beeu opened in Glasgow of 
decorative and albed trades, promoted by the 
National Association of Master Painters of Scot- 

Mr. R. H. Hooper, M.Inst.C.E., Local Govern- 
ment Board inspector, has held an inquiry at Wat- 
ford into an application of the urban district council 
to bcrrow £13,500 for their electric hght under- 

New graving docks are being built for Smith's 
Dock Co. on a site of sixteen acres at Cargo Fleet, 
on the south side of the Tyne. The engineer is Mr. 
J. Mitchell Moncrietf, M.I.C.E., of Newcastle. 

At St. Mark's, Hamilton-terrace, N.W., on 
Tuesday in last week. Canon Duckworth, D.D., 
C.V.O., Sub-Dean of Westminster Abbey, unveiled 
and dedicated, in memory of the late Rev. Charles 
Erskine, a mosaic set in alabaster, designed by Mr. 
Sigismund Goethe, which has been placed on the 
north wall of the nave. There are three panels, the 
centre one a dying Clinstiau warrior succoured by 
an angel, and on either side of this a kneeling angel, 
one holding the paten, the other the chalice. 

The new Congregational Church at Henleaze is to 
be opened on Wednesday next, the yth inst. The 
church forms part of the (.'ongregational church 
extension scheme which was inaugurated in 1899, 
when the Cougregati'iialists of Bristol undertook to 
: raise a sum of £15,000 or more towards the cost of 
erecting five new churches in the suburbs of Greater 
Bristol. The Conventual School in Henleaze-lane 
has been renovated and furnished as a school chapel, 
at an outlay of £1,522, and the new church adjoin- 
ing has cost aaother £5,200. 

The arts committee of the town council of Edin- 
; burgh have under consideration sketch-plans by 
I Mr. Peddie, of that city, for the proposed municipal 
art school. 

Jax. 4, 1907. 



Builiiing j^uttUtgcncc. 

LoxDOX, a.E. — A block of offices seven stories 
high is to be erected on the site of Nos. 2o2, 'iSJ, 
and 2.56, Vauxhall Bridge-road, Victoria-street 
end, for the Central London Estates, Ltd. The 
contract has been signed with Jlr. Charles th-ay, 
of Shepherd's B\ish, and the work is to be pushed 
forward with all speed. The elevation will be 
carried out in red bricks, with grey terracotta 
dressings from the Hathern Station Co.'s works. 
An electric lift will give access to the various 
floors. The architects are Messrs. Talgravc 
and Co. 

Skiubeck, Boston. Lixcs. — The Bishop of 
Lincoln was present at the dedication as a 
memorial to the Rev. R. E. Roy rector l.S.'):i- 
l'J02) of an addition to this church, the second 
instalment of an extensive scheme of recon- 
struction. What remained of the old church was 
repaired in 1S7.T under the direction of Sir G. 
Scott at a cost of £3,000. Additional accommo- 
dation is now necessary, and plans have been 
prepared by Mr. G. F. Bodley, R.A., for the re- 
building of all that was destroyed in \y.>H. The 
aisles have now been continued to their original 
length, and vestries have been added to the north 
of the site of the chancel, with a heating-chamber 
beneath. The total expenditure has been about 
£3,2.50, and HO additional places have been 


Sir Aston Webb's design for the concert organ to 
be erected in the new Birmmgham. University 
buildings at Bournville has been adopted. The 
specification of the organ was drawn by Sir Edward 

On Tuesday in last week the new parish church of 
St. Paul, Skelmersdale, was consecrated by the 
Bishop of Liverpool. 

Messrs. Rowland Bros., of Fenny Stratford, issue 
a well-illustrated catalogue of their fencing gates 
and fencing. These are a speciality with the tirm 
which has a well-deserved reputation for good work 
of careful design. The prices are very moderate. 

The practice carried on by Mr. Walter Slater at 
0, High-street, Wrexham, for the past twelve years, 
has been transferred to Mr. 0. D. Rutter, formerly 
of the War Department, who will continue the 
practice under his own name. 

The Infectious Diseases Hospital, Musselburgh, is 
being warmed and ventilated by means of Shorland's 
patent Manchester stoves with descending smoke 
nues, Manchester grates and special inlet ventilators, 
the same being supplied by Messrs. E. H. Shorlaud 
:ind Brother, of Manchester. 

A new clock showing time upon three dials and 
striking the hours and Cambridge quarters has been 
erected at St. Cuthbert's Church, Allendale. Js'orth- 
umberland, by Messrs. J. B. Joyce and Co., Whit- 
church, Salop. The cost, including fixing, was 

£120. It was set in motion at midnight on Xew 

Year's Eve. 

The executors of Mr. George Herring have re- 
quested Mr. George Wade to execute the bust of the 
late philanthropist which is to be placed in the 

Mansion House. 

The spire of Peel Church, Isle of Man, has been 
condemned as dangerous, and the church as a con - 
sequence has been closed. The diocesan surveyors 
of Liverpool, Messrs. George Bradbury and Sons, 
and the ecclesiastical surveyor of the Isle of Man, 
Mr. H. Cowle, have found great cracks in the 
steeple, due to defective construction, and say that 
the condition of things is so bad that in a severe gale 
the steeple and tower might collapse and totally 
destroy the church. 'fhey recommend that 
immediate steps be taken to remove the whole of 
the spire. 

Mr. T. W. ,Toyce, surveyor, sanitary inspector, 
and water engineer to the Redruth Town Couucd, 
was appointed borough surveyor of Dirtmouth at a 
committee meeting of Dartmouth Town Council on 
Tuesday evening. 

Several important additions have recently been 
made to the Aston Workhouse, and on Tuesday 
another extension, the new south pavilion, was 
thrown open for use. It is three stories in height, 
and contains 122 beds. It has been buUt irom 
plans by Messrs. C. Whitmell and Son, of 
Birmingham. The contract with the builders, 
Messrs. Lee and i^on, was signed in August of U^O.5, 
the tender being £S,411. 

Devonport Surveyors' Committee received on 
Monday from the borough surveyor (Mr. J. F. 
Burns) plans for the making of a 10ft. road from 
Stuart-road to \'ictoria Park. The plans were 


(We do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions of 

our coiTespondents. All comraunications should be 

drawn up a.< bneHv a.s possible, as there are many 

claimants upon the space allotted to correspondents.] 

It is partioularlv requested that all drawings and all 

communioatinns respectini- illustrations or literary matter 

should be addressed to the EDITOR of the Bcildiso 

News. Clement's House, Clement's Inn Passage, Strand, 

"W.C, and not to members of the statf by name. Delay 

is not infrequently otherwise caused. All drawinfrs and 

other communications are sent at contributors' risks, and 

the Editor will not undertake to pay for, or be liable for, 

unsought contributions. 

Cheques and Post^ffice Ol-dcrs to be made payable 
Tbe Strand Nkwspapee Comi'asv, Limited. 

Telegraphic Address :— " Timeserver, London." 
Telephone No. 1633 Holbom. 


Botmd copies of Vol. XC. are now ready, and 

should be ordered early (price 12s. each, by post 

12s Od.^, as only a limited number are done up. A 

few bound volumes of Vols. XXXIX., XLI., XL-VI., 

xux., un., Lxi., Lxii., Lxrv-., lxv., lx-vi., 

LX^-n., LX\Tn., LXIX., LXXI., LXXU., Lxxm., 
T.xxn-., LXXV., LXXVI,, LXX\1I., Lxxrx., 
I,XXX., LXXXI., Lxxxn., Lxxxni., lxxxiv., 

LXXXIX. may still be obtained at the same pric e ; all 
the other bounil volumes are out of print. Most of 
the back numbers of former volumes are, however, 
to be had singly. Subscribers requiring any back num- 
bers to complete volume just ended should order at 
once, as many of them soon run out of priiit. 
Handsome Cloth Cases for binding the Hhildino News. 
price 2s., post free 2s. 4d., can be obtamed from any 
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Clement's Inn Passage, Strand, London, W.C. 

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The charge for Competition and Contract 
Advertisements, Public Companies, and all official 
advertisements is Is. per line of Eight words, the flrst 
bne coimting as two, the minimum cliarge being os. for 
four lines. 

The charge for Auctions, Land Sales and 
Miscellaneous and Trade AdvertiSL-ments lexcept 
Situation advertisements) is 6d. per hue of eight words 
(the first line counting as two), the minimum charge 
being 4s. 6d. for 40 words. Special terms for series of 
more than six insertions can be ascertained on appUcation 
to the Publisher. 

Situations and Partnerships. 

The charge for advertisements for ** Situations 
Vacant " or " Situations "Wanted " and " Part- 
nerships," is One Shilliso for Twestv-kocr Words, 
and Sixpence for every eight words after. All Situation 
'Advtniatmtiits must be prepaid. 

•»* Replies to advertisements can be received at the 
office, Clement's House, Clement's Inn-pass-aje, Strand, 
W.C free nf etinrge. If to be forwarded under cover to 
advertiser an extra charge of Sixpence is made. (See 
Notice at head of " Situations.") 

Rates for Trade Advertisements on front page, and 
special and other positions, can be obtained on application 
to the Pubfcher. 

Advertisements for the current week must reach the 
office not later than 3 p.m. on Thursday. Front-page 
Advertisement.s and alterations in serial advertisements 
must reach the office by Tuesday morning to secure 

Received. -J. C. E.— A. W.-P. P. A.— F. W. and Son. 

—Mortar Dab.— L. and J.— W. H. A. and Son.— I).— 

R. C. H. 
Flaostoxe.— Yes. 
Press.— Thinks ; too full. 
V. R.— We will see if you send. 
Trav'Poet.— Much more likelv to be well served by such 

aflrmasW. H. Lascelles and Co., Ltd., 121, Biinhill- 

Entry.— The " Premier " lifts are made by the Lift and 

Hoist Co., Prinoe-street, Deptford. 
P. L.— Merryweathers', certainly. Their reputation, in 

that respect e.specially, is second to none. 
CoLOSiAL.— There may be a marliet in this country for it. 

Have you taken any steps to have the crushing-weight 

UcERlsT.— Sketch apparently is meant for a lewis, but it 

is not very clear. 
A. E. Sc.i.ES.-B. T. Bitsford, 94, High Holborn. W.C, 

will recommend books on builders' book-keeping. 

There are several, but we hesitate to say that there is 

any "best. ' 



D.— A branch bank, fai,-ade in Portland stone and brick, 
having a clear width of 28ft. and a total height of not 
more than 47ft. above the level of pavement. The 
whole to be drawn to .Jin. scale, with a section of the 
fnmt set out by the side of the elevation. The ground 

floor to be 6in. above the pavement level. From ground 
floor to flrst floor lift. From Boor to second 
floor 10ft. From second floor to third floor Oft., and 
the attics H(t. Bin. high to ceiling. These top rooms to 
have dormer windows. The ground floor is to be 
entirely devoted to the banking business, and all the 
upper floors are to be used as a manager's residence. 
No plans are needed, save outlines of the faeade _ at 
various levels, and these may be delineated in position 
on the elevation, but are not to be so shown as to inter- 
fere with the architectural efl'eet of the elevation as 
such. The competitors must provide two entrances in 
the front, one for the bank and one for the honse ; but 
there need be onlv one external doorway, as the private 
door may open oiit of the bank public porch, or lobby, 
wliKih should be on the right of the front. The windows 
must be ample, and adapted to the purposes of the 
building. The name of the bank to appear on the frieze 
of the front, carved in stone. The style is left to the 
competitors ; but it should be simple and dignified, and 
all cornices, &e., must stop and return on to the front 
within the width of 2Hft., so as to be quite clear of 
adjacent propiTtv flanking the bank. The floors to be 
in concrete 6in. thick. Drawings to be delivered on or 
by Saturday, Feb. 2. 1907 . 
Drawinos Eeceived.— " Wilkie." 

— -^-^-^ — 




To the Editor of the Bdildino Nbws. 

Sill, -In a few months the Canadian Press will 
begin the season's booming of the Dominion, with 
the objei-t of enticing some of the better class of 
emigrants who may possess some capital to come 
out here. 

The Dominion of Canada, as it exists, is not 
like the Canada that you read of in the jiapers 
circulated broadcast over Great Britain by the 
Canadian Government, the railway companies, 
contractors, and estate agents. 

Some years ago I had the misfortune to meet 
an agent of the (^"anadian ( iovemment, and ■with 
a liberal supply of newspapers and verbal state- 
ments by the agent my attention was attracted to 
Winnipeg as probably a good commercial centre, 
and 1 gave up my business at home and came out 
here. Fortunately my circumstances allow me to 
make a careful investigation, and I take an 
unprejudiced view of Canadian methods; but 
it is impossible for me to use language strong 
enough as a warning to all well-educated young 
men to avoid Canada, as it is not a field for their 
energies, unless they come here by previous 
arrangement or agreement to take up a per- 
manent situation at a salary about three times 
that at home. 

As Winnipeg is considered a central town, with 
a population of nearly 100,000 inhabitants, and 
always boomed high above its value by the 
Government and the daily Press, it is now a sort 
of dumping-ground for the immigrants coming 
'west to seek their fortune, and every possible 
effort is now made to get the British capitalists to 
invest their money here in what is described as 
real estate, and some of which, as city property, I 
shall correctly describe. 

Some months before I left Great Britain I 
wrote and asked the city clerk of Winnipeg to 
send me a copy of the building by-laws, which I 
received in due course. I carefully read the by- 
laws, and was then of opinion that Winnipeg was 
a splendid city wherein to practise the profession 
of an architect. 

When I arrived here 1 found the city, but no 
trace of the by-laws in the erection of new build- 
ings, as they are simply a dead letter. It is true 
that plans and specifications are prepared (but not 
bills of quantities) for some of the barn-looking 
warehouses and business premises, and for some 
of the villa residences in the better-class districts : 
but at least three-quartei-s of the city has been 
erected by the speculating builders without any 
plans submitted to the corporation. The builders 
secure lot^ with a frontage of 2.ift. or upwards, 
and then thev visit the city hall and inform the 
building inspector of their intention to erect a 
house on lot No.—, street : the house to con- 
tain so many rooms, so many stories in height, 
the walls to be of timber and plaster, or lined 
outside with 4in. brick, as the case may be, and 
after stating the size of the tloor-joists, and the 
approximate cost of the whole structure, the 
permit is at once granted and the building pro- 
ceeds. There is no supervision by the corporation 
as to proper arrangement, position of rooms, 
windows, doors, and ventilation or sanitary 
fittings, and the materials are of the cheapest and 
most inferior class that can be purchased. 




4, 1907. 

I rent and occupy a nine-roomed house with 
basement, kc, at a rent of aOdol. per month, 
paid in advance. That is upwards of £123 per 
annum, which includes all the corporation rates 
and taxes. I pay for water, electric light ; pur- 
chased my own cooking range and boiler, and the 
plumber's work fitting it to the cylinder ; pur- 
chased and fitted up the window blinds and some 
of the electric fittings. 

AVith the exception of the front windows, all 
the rest are on the sides "f the house looking 
directly into our neighbours' windows, and only 
a few feet distant. The sanitary arrangements 
are of the worst possible description. There is a 
trap placed in the baseuient. and from that trap the 
drain-pipe is continued below the Hoor and up 
through the roof as a drain ventilator. The waste- 
water pipes from the sink, bath, and lavatory basin 
are connected to the water-closet soilpipe, and as 
the bath is nearest the water-closet, the flushing of 
closet siphons the trap at the bath. To all archi- 
tects, engineers, and sanitarians further comment 
on this matter is needless. Typhoid fever is often 
raging in Winnipeg. 

The hot-air furnace for heating the house con- 
sumes about 14s. worth of coal per week, and the 
cooking-range about i^s. worth of timber per week. 
When warming the house, the air is reheated by 
circulating over and over again ; and the air is 
drawn down by three large pipes from the two 
public rooms and the staircase to the base of the 
furnace, and from the furnace the air is conveyed 
in tin pipes along the ceiling of the basement, 
fixed in a haphazard manner, and up between 
the standards of the partitions to the various 
rooms ; and in the case of some of the bedrooms 
one upright flue is used to serve two rooms, with 
the air-grates placed opposite each other in the 
partition, so that there is no privacy between the 
rooms, owing to the grate opening of I'iin. 
square near the floor. To avoid severe headaches 
from the burnt atmosphere, a water-pan is fixed 
in the top of the furnace, and it must be filled 
two or three times a day. 

No flues are provided for the extraction of air 
from the house, except the Oin. pipe from the 
furnace, and one of similar size from the cooking- 
range — that is a total of about of outlet 
for smoke and ventilation, and in many houses of 
this size, you will find as many as fourteen in- 
habitants. This is a correct description of what 
is described as a fully modern and up-to-date 
Winnipeg house. Numerous apartment blocks 
are erected here in such a way that no corporation 
in Great Britain would allow them to be used for 
residential purposes. 

This is the class of property that the agents and 
local companies describe as valuable real estate, 
and for which they are making such desperate 
efforts to entice the British capitalist to hand over 
his money for investment. To the British 
capitalist and wealthy insurance companies I 
say : Beware of the Canadian agent, for it matters 
little whether he ia the representative of the 
Dominion Government, the railway companies, or 
acting for and on behalf of the loan companies, as 
their actions and principles are similar. 

The Canadian Government is supposed to take 
steps to stop all combines that may injure or retard 
any class of trade ; but I find that a fair and j ust 
tender for building work cannot be got here. 
Among a certain class of contractors there is an 
arrangement of prices, which they describe as 
standard rates for work that is outside of all 
ordinary jobbing or day work. 

The surveying of land is protected by Acts of 
the Dominion Parliament, and left in the hands 
of a few privileged indi\'iduals. The most highly- 
(pialified land surveyors, engineers, and architects 
from Great Britain are not allowed to practise 
surveying here on their own account imtil they 
go through a certain time of apprenticeship with 
a Dominion land surreyor, and afterwards try to 
pass an examination, which they are seldom 
allowed to do, as those conducting the examina- 
tions are steeped in the principles of Protection, 
and with a strong desire to stop the progress 
of every qualified man from (rreat Britain and 
elsewhere, and retain all sui-h positions for the 
Canadians who have passed through certain 
simple degrees in the Canadian schools and 

Of course, there are many obvious reasons for 
such unfair and harsh dealings on the part of 
the present Dominion Government, and I shall 
endeavour to explain some of them. In the first 
place, the average professional man from Great 
Britain is greatly in advance of the average 
Canadian, both in ability, energy, and honesty ; 


and if the professional man from Britain . 
free hand and fair play in open compe*'''°° 
against the Canadian, the latter would so"*^ "^ 
left far away in the background. 

The British surveyor and architect can lay out 
ground for building purposes, showing i^kill and 
artistic abilities, and honestly show on his plans 
existing buildings, walls, roads, streets, ,S:c., and, 
in fact, made as plain as possible. But that is 
too honest a principle for the Canadian surveyor 
to follow, and in laying out ground for building 
purposes his plans show numerous streets and 
avenues in almost endless straight lines, without 
any attempt to provide public gardens, squares, 
crescents, or open spaces for beauty and recreation, 
and he carefully avoids showing existing build- 
ings or anything else on his plans of streets and 
lots that may be on or near the lands. 

The plans prepared by the Canadian surveyors 
are extensively used by the •' real estate agents " 
and speculators, and they do not show or indicate 
in any way the actual extent of the city, as they 
only indicate the line of streets actually formed 
and" proposed all alike on plans : and the built-up 
areas in the centre are shown exactly the same 
as proposed streets, miles out on the open 
prairie, where not even footpaths are formed or 
indicated in any way on the grassy sward that 
has never been cultivated or farmed further than 
for the grazing of cattle. This is a principle of 
surveying and drawing-up that assists the real 
estate man in his buying and selling of lots ; and 
many a poor, hard-working person has been de- 
ceived when purchasing building lots from plans 
and agents' statements, and after the agreements 
are signed and the money paid, they often find 
that the Canadian surveyors' plans are as mis- 
leading as the real estate agents' statements. 

Before leaving Great Britain I was told by 
(iovernment and C.P. Railway agents that the 
railway companies required many men of good 
practical training. I have also tested that state- 
ment and found it false. I made application to 
three railway companies in Winnipeg, and after 
explaining liiy tiaining and experience I was 
offered the position of a chainman with a survey- 
ing party, which is simply a labourer's work. 

Then there is the introduction principle, as 
practised by the Dominion Government agents in 
Great Britain, and it is so well organised in its 
methods of deceit that we may look upon it as a 
fine art, and I shall biiefly state my own personal 
experience : — From a man holding a high position 
under the Dominion Government I got various 
letters of introduction, and one was to the chief of 
a department in the Government service at 
Ottawa. He passed me on with a letter to another 
man, and the second man said he would introduce 
me to a splendid man in Winnipeg. I arrived 
t ere and presented the third letter to the Winni- 
peg man. He read it and professed gieat astonish- 
ment and surprise, and said that he did not know 
the Ottawa man. and that all he could do for me 
was to offer me a pick and shovel and go to one of 
his railway construction camps. 

During the summer, the city council had a 
large signboard in front of the city hall with the 
words, ■' Welcome to Winnipeg" ; but, unfortu- 
nately for British subjects, the most hearty 
welcome is given to the foreign labourer. The 
professional man from Britain is only made 
welcome if he has some capital to leave in the 
country. The council has just begun a survey 
and the erection of works, to bring in some 
electric power to the city, and I know of able 
draughtsmen and professional men that applied 
for positions in the engineer's department, and 
not the slightest notice has been taken of their 
applications : but the city council of Wmnipeg 
has adopted the principle of Protection, and taken 
engineers and draughtsmen from Toronto and 
the east of Canada, and the overtaxed rate- 
payers are charged by one draughtsman with 
about £6 for the use of a drawing-room 
car from Toronto to Winnipeg, about tl 4s. 
for the use of a room in a hotel befoie 
he left Toronto, and upwards of £1 as his 
expenses in a cafe at the same hotel before he 
started on his journey to Winnipeg. This all 
takes place at a time when some well-educated, 
highly-trained architects, surveyors, and other 
professional men are walking the streets of 
Winnipeg looking for emplojTiient, after they 
were encouraged by Government agents and 
others to come out" here, relying on the many 
printed and verbal false statements that are circu- 
lated broadcast in Great Britain. 

I trust that I have written enough as a warning 
to professional men and British capitalists to avoid 

the Dominion of Canada until honest, fair, and 
more straightforward principles are adopted by 
the Dominion (iovernment. 

I enclose my card, and consider myself 

A Victim. 

Winnipeg, December 19th, 190G. 



[12242.1— Cubical Contents of Public Build- 
ings. — Whtre can intumiation be obtained respectinsr 
the total fventuai ccst and Ihe cubical contents of recenth 
completed public buildings— such as the Town Hall at 
Walsall, the new Sessions House, new "War Office, and 
Carditf Municipal Buildings.' Really authentic informa- 
tion is needed. — M. 


The Hicks Theatie, opened on Friday night, is 
seated tor 1,200 persons, and is almost a replica on a 
somewhat smaller scale of the Aldwych. Both weie 
designed by Mr. W. G. K. Sprague. 

Admiral Sir Gerard Ncel hoisted his flag at 9 a.m. 
as Commander-in-Chief at the Nore on Mew Year's 
Day at the new Admiralty House, Chatham, built 
at an expenditure of £2.'),00O, to which the head- 
quarters of the Nore Command have been trans- 
ferred from Sheerness. 

Professor Otto Benndorf, Professor of Classical 
Archfeolog)' at the University of Vienna, died at 
Vienna on Wednesday at the age of 6S. He was 
well known owing to his woik on archfcological 
subjects and to the excavations he conducted in 
Asia Minor. 

A movement has been started for erecting in 
every town in the United Kingdom a mural drink- 
ing fountain as a memorial to the late Sir Wilfrid 
Lawson. The fountains will be of rough-dressed 
granite, the water coming from a hole in the joints. 
The overflow will supply a trough for dogs at the 
base of the memorial. There will be a full-sized 
portrait medallion of the late Sir Wilfrid Lawsou 
above an inscription. The fountains will be con- 
structed of Cornish stone granite in England, 
Aberdeen granite m Scotland, and Castlewellan 
granite in Ireland, but the stone for the medallion 
and entablature will come from Cumberland. 

The Newtowna-.ds Urban District Council have 
granted their surveyor, Mr. Larraour, an increase 
in salary of £30 per annum. 

The building plans approved during 1906 by the 
Coventry City Council numbered 1,313, the largest 
number in the history of Coventry. They included 
55 new factories and workshops, besides alterations 
to almost as many others. The Jactories and work- 
shops completed in the year numbered 34. 

The partnership heretofore subsisting between 
G. E. Bolshaw and H. J. Stevens, architects and 
surveyors. Harrogate, Yorkshire, under the style of 
G. E. Bolshaw and H. J. Stevens has been dis- 

Mr. Alfred Robinson, formerly of Rugby, and 
land agent and surveyor to the L.X.W. Ry., died 
on Tuesday at 29, Beacon-hill, X., aged 71 years. 

Mr. G. A. Millard, of Uxbridge, has been ap- 
pointed surveyor to the Asminster Rural District 

In the case of the application on behalf of George 
Elmes, Filton, (iloucestershire, and Bedminster, 
Bristol, builder, the order of discharge has been sus- 
pended for two years, ending Dec. 7, 19C8. 

The new mission chuich of St. Paul, in the parish 
of St. Mary Magdalene, Peckham-road, wUl be 
dedicated by the Bishop of Southwark to-morrow 

The January circular of the Emigrants' Informa- 
tion Ofiice states that in Natal the supply of labour 
is equal to the demand, and is over-abundant in the 
building trades both in Durban and in Pietermaritz- 
burg. All persons are warned against going to the 
Transvaal in search of work. 

The death is announced of Willis Webb Polk, a 
Kentucky architect, in San Francisco, at the age of 
70, He was one of many men of good education 
engaged in the Civil War as private soldiers. 

Whilst excavations were Iwing carried ,out last 
week in connection with the new Todmorden 
Corporation seweiage works at Lobbmill, a pre- 
historic canoe was discovered by workmen. The 
canoe, which is of oak, and is about 6ft. long by IJin. 
wide, will be placed in the museum attached to the 
free library. 

Mrs. JuUa Goodman, the artist, died at Brighton 
on Sunday morning, in her' 85th year. She was one 
of the lew Eving artists who were students at a 
popular school ot art at Bloomsbury before the late 
Queen came to the throne. She continued to use 
her brush until quite recently. 

Jax. 4, 1907. 



♦ »♦ 

The Rebuilding of London 1 

University College of North Wales, Bangor 2 

Oerman Ironwork 3 

Houses and Gardens 5 

Modem Buildin^rs 6 

Power Stations. — I ■ 7 

CentriniT for Concrete Buildings 9 

Lloyd's Resristry 10 

Selected Desijrn : Birmingham Council House Ex- 

t en>iuns ... 10 

Competitions 10 

BuUdJna: Intelligence 11 

Correspondence 11 

Intercommunication 12 

The BriLDiNG Xews Directory xrii. 

Our Illustrations 13 

Our Otlice Table 52 

Prnfessiiinal and Trade Societies 53 

Legal Intelligence 53 

Statues. Memorials. &:c 53 

Meetings for the Ensuing Week 53 

Latest Prices 5^ 

Tenders 54 

List of Competitions Open 55 

List of Tenders Open 55 



the snvknth s chapel, mestmissthe abbev. — 
'^design for the decobatios ok a 

^^ Lloyd's reoistsv of shipping. , 

hoard boom. — 'aschakfrsel^ru palace, 










<Bvix Hlustrati0n5. 


The ceiling of Henry VII. 's: chapel is, of course, 
•one of the most perfect examples •>( fan-traceried 
vaulting we possess. The picture of the chapel 
reproduced, which was exhibited at the Roval 
Academy last year, is taken looking north-east. 
The artist has chosen a morning light, and the 
•chapel, which forms tlie subject of the picture, is 

I .grey and misty, the details subdued, though the 

I -careful drawing of these details is quite evident. 

V The b,anners above give a rich note of colour to 
yhe study, and the stalls are well and forcibly 

I'lrawn. The artist, Jliss Elizabeth Drake, ia one 
■f the Hampstead colony of artists. Besides 
-t idying in London and Paris, she has had a 

The following illustrations of Westminster Abbey 
'-■ uppeared in the Bcildini; News :— Plans, July 2, 
- '. Jlay IS, 1SS4. and April 10, ISIO.3 : plan of con- 
"uaj buildings (by the 'ate Kev, Mackenzie E. €. 
:-otti. May 1(1. 1872, and March 3, 1876 : plan of St. 
-Serine's Chapel, June ■28,1872: plan of apse ibythe 
i it- i;. E. Street), May 30, 1879; ancient riew.'t bvBraun 
I'-rl and Kaithome U6.W). Jime 28, 1878: west front, 
' Lii. 15, 1886 ; ditto, by W.N.W. and temporarv Corona- 
: ; ■n annexe (sketrh by H. Penton). Au^. 7, 1902 ; Wren's 
iiituLiraph drawing &f north transept front, Oct. '2Q, 
\^^^: north transept e.xterior vthe late Herbert E. 
'Tibbie. Sketch Book Series No. ITj. Feb. 4, 1870; 
ncith transept, as restored by Sir G. G. Scott and 
I L. Pearson. 1877-91, .Jan. 5. IKIl ; ditto (drawing 
the late J. L. Pearson, Deo. 9, 1882; Nathaniel 
h'.s new statues for same, April 10, 1891 ; north tran- 
1 : late Sir G. G. Scott's restcMrationl May .3, 1S79 ; 
■cloisters, north walk of (W. H. Lockwood), April 12, 1872 ; 
ditto (J. MacLaren), Feb. 1.5, 1884; lavatories in south 
walk of cloLster (A. Needham Wilson), April 3, 1883; 
chapter-house entrance M. Allen , Jan. 27, 1881; ditto, 
panel in doorway (T. F. Pennington). July 23, 1870; 
Jerusalem Chamber, March It, 18si9 ; diagram of ground 
vault of nave (Lawrence Harveyi. Nov. 17. isa'6; nave 
pulpit (Sir G. G. Scott), Sept. 12, 1862 ; memorial brasses 
an nave (to Sir Gilbert .Scott), Sept. 12. l.'^79 (to G. E. 
Street), Oct. 10. 1814 ; bay of south transept and trifonum 
<;arving3 (J. Atwood Slater , Jan. 12 and 19. 1S83 ; ditto. 
upper arcade (the late James Hicks— Sketch Book Series 
No. 14) Jan. 14. 1870; three interiors, choir, north tran- 
sept, and north aisle of choir (Herbert Railtoni, Jan. 1, 
1892 ; bay of choir (Sydney Vaeher), Jan. 15, 1877 ; St. 
Edmund's shrine in the 14th century (T. H. Longh-.-ld:, 
Sept. 10, 1875; Tomb of Aymer de Valence 'H. g' 
Drinkwater), Aug. 2;j, 1873 : ditto by T. Miller. i?eb. 6^ 
1880 ; Coronation Chair .National drawing, Henry d! 
Bennett), Deo. 7, 1906; iron grille, Uueen Eleanor's 
tomb T. F. Pennington) 

thorough training in architectural drawing. For 

several years she acted as assistant to her 

father, who was an architect in Kochester. 

and thus became familiar with the details of 

architectural drawing and construction. Miss 

Drake has made measured drawings of Ightham 

Mote, and various other old buildings for 

the Kent Archaeological Society, and copies 

of old fresco paintings in West C'hiltington ' Knowledge 

Church, and of lately-discovered frescoes in an i A.K.xV., and 

old house in Rye for the Sussex Archaeological 

Society, besides doing lithographic illustrations 

for se\'eral other scientific societies. She has 

painted many pictures on the Thames from 

Rotherhithe to Westminster. I >ne of these, a 

view looking across the river under Charing 

Cross railway bridge, exhibited at the Paris 

Salon last year. Miss Drake has also painted a 

number of miniature portraits. 


" TuE singers:went before, the players on instru- 
ments followed after : among them were the 
damsels playing with timbrels.*' — Ps. l.vviii. 2-3. 
It is impossible to interpret this verse literally — 
apart from its context — for the Psalm is un- 
questionably Messianic. Throughout, the pre- 
sence of God is felt, and although there is no 
d'trt'cf reference to the coming of Christ, the works 
of God in the past are perceived to be but the 
means to a greater end. The tone of the Psalm 
becomes more and more triumphant. An ideal 
procession passes before the eyes of the poet : it 
is a Divine assurance of the Spiritual conquest of 
the world. Faith, Mercy, Parity. Lnng-suifering, 
Charity. Humility, the fruits of the teaching of 
the risen and ascended Christ, pass with nmny 
1/ others in triumphant joy, singing and playing 
upon instruments. The Sovereignty of God is 
universally established. To the left is seen 
the seated figure of the poet-seer. King David. 
Below him. kneeling, is he who records his 
words, which, as the vision appears before him, 
fall from his lips. 

Cauox A. C. Oliveu Lodoe. 

[We shall give the large cartoon next week.] 
Lloyd's eegistrv. ;^ y 

(FoK description see page 10.) 

ASCHArrENiu ttr, palace, kavauia. / 

This quadrangular palace, with its four angle 
pavilion turrets and big pinnacled tower in the 
central quad, rises above a commanding eminence, 
and thus is at once distinguishable as the most 
conspicuous building in the town of Aschaffen- 
burg, standing as it does high up on the banks of 
the Main. The Schloss, as it was sometimes 
termed, was originally erected by the Frankish 
Kings as a hunting palace on the ruins of a Roman 
castle, the ancient tower having originated as the 
station of the 10th and 2ord Legions. The present 
palace is a masterful example of the Renaissance 
of the first quarter of the 16th century. It was 
built ;is a summer residence by the Archbishop- 
Electors'of Mayence. Thecolour of the masonry has 
caused the appellation locallyof " the Red Palace." 
The angle lowers or pavilions are ISOft. high, and 
old views show a moat extending all round the 
building, with a drawbridge on the entrance front 
outside. The collection of pictures in the galleries 
nirmbcr nearly 400 examples, to be reckoned, 
however, as more curious than remarkable for 
beauty, but the fine library is rich ia MSS., 
illuminated documents, and early printed books. 
The Palace also contains an important assem- 
blage of 20,000 engravings. Part of the exterior 
walling is stuccoed, and whatever may be thought 
of some of its detail, the building is certainly 
broadly handled -ind well massed, so that, seen 
from a distance rising so boldly above the river, 
the effect is very handsome and distinctly im- 
posing. The rusticated and arcaded facade in the 

figures of St. Michael and St. George (7ft. high), 
each standing in an upright piosition and hold- 
ing a two-handed sword. "Inspiration" and 
■■ Knowledge " (also 7ft.) arc on oither'side-of the 
entrance arch. The former stands with her head 
raised, apparently seeking for the true inspiration, 
and the latter with an open book, and at the base, 
worked in with the drapery, is "The Tree of 
The sculptor is Jlr. Alfred Ihury, 
Sir Aston Webb, R.A., is the 

rKorosED MONVMENT to the late MAK<iflS or 

This national tribute to the memory of this 
accomplished statesman Ims been designed by 
Mr. G. F. Bodley. R..V., whose drawing now 
illustrated was shown at the Last Royal Academy 
Exhibition. The tomb, with its recumbent figure 
of Lord .Salisbury, is to stand against a screen of 
masonry to be erected between two of the Abbey 
arcade piers as drawn, while above, a beam, richly 
decorated and spanning the opening, gives an 
admirable finish to the composition, which is 
made the more distinguished by three episcopal 
statues occupying cusp-headed niches, interspaced 
by buttresses and capped piers. The memorial 
is to be placed on the nave side of the north-west 
tower of the Abbey, close to the Baroness Burdett- 
Coutts's grave. 


With reference to the drawing of an I Hd Tudor 
Hall. I have nothing to say by way of description 
beyond the fact that composition is purely an 
imaginary one, designed in my leisure for pictorial 
purposes. John" Laxgham. 

, „ ^ Aug. 8. 1879; north turret 

•door, Henrr V .'s Chapel, Mareh 24, 1899; iron griUe i quadrangle seen to the left of the dnawing given 
s Chantry (G. A^T. Middleton). May 20. ] herewith is rather good in its proportion and 

in Henry V.'s Chantry (G. A. T. 
1698; restoration of Henry IH.'s tomb (T. H. Long 
field). .\prU 1, 1SS7; choir from screen of St. Edmund's 
apsidal chapel i R. J. Johnsonl. April 17, ISSo ; doorway to 
St. Eramus' < 'hapel (A. Bennett Bamfordi, Dec. 6, lb89 ; 
Islip's Chapel (A. Needham Wilsoni. May 30, 1889; Coro- 
nation chair ;William H. Whelan, of Dublin!, March 22, 
1901 ; carved Jragcai from a tomb. Jan. 15. lbS,8 ; bronze 
gates, Henry VII.'s Chapel, from photographs, March 24, 
1899 ; ditto dniwinL' by G. E. T. Liurence, .\pril 10 18,85 • 
ditto measured details by G. E. T. Laurence, Sept. 2d. 
1902; panel in Henry VII.'s Chapel (I. J. Phillips) 
July 30, 1880 ; effigies of Henry VU. and Uueen Elizabeth 
of York, from photograph, March 21, ISiW; proposed 
Campo Santo (Sir G. G. Scott's design),, Feb. -29, 1S84 ; 
ditto J. L. Pearson's design, Dec. 26, 1897 ; proposed 
monumental halls and tower (J. P. Seddon and E. H 
Lamb\ Uarofa 25, li>04. 


The Waldorf Hotel, now in course of erection 
between the Waldorf Theatre and the Aldwych 
Theatre, will rise to a height of (iOft. above their 
roofs, so that the two theatres will appear as 
wings of the edifice, which will form an import- 
ant addition to the buildings already erected 
under the L.C.C. improvement scheme. The 
structure will be built in white Portland stone, 
designed on a large scale and restrained manner 
in the Louis Seize style of architecture. 
The columns are the same size as those on the 
fa(,ade of St. Paul's Cathedral. The base of the 
building will be in blocks of white .\berdeen 
granite. Internally there will be three entrance 
halls, the middle one opening from the internal 
palm garden, which will be r, fine representa- 
tion of the courtyard of a great Louis Seize 
mansion. Besides the great dining-room there 
will be others round the palm garden for dinner 
parties. A marble terrace will run round the 
garden, and beneath will be the grill-rooms, which 
will rank among the largest in London. Some 
400 bedrooms are to be built, and there wiU be 
over 170 bath-rooms. A bath-room will generally 
be attached to each bedroom or suite, so that each 
visitor can have his own bath — a convenience 
common enough in America, but rare in Britain, 
in spite of the proverbial fondness of our country- 
men for the "morning tub." The management 
will aim particularly to make the hotel, with its 
prominent and central position, a centre for 
visitoi-s to this country from America or the Con- 
tinent. .Suites will also be set apart which may 
be permanently occupied by those who dislike the 
trouble cf housekeeping for themselves. The 
hotel has been planned by Messrs. A. Marshall 
M.ackenzie, LL.D., A.R.S.A., F.R.LB.A., and 
Son. Mr. Mackenzie recently spent a considerable 
time in New York and the principal cities of the 
United .*>tates studying the latest advances in hotel 
construction there. 




(See descriptive note with plans and elevations 
on page 10.) 

parts. t 


The central figure over the entrance of the 
Victoria and Albert Museum, .South Kensington, 
is that of the late (iueen Victoria (9ft. high*. 
She is represented as she was in about the middle 
of her reign. On either side she is supported by 

- The Davidic authorship is disputed by many. 

* A view from an old print of the Palace is given in 
" Denkmiiler Deutscher Renaissance," published 4)y Herr 
Wasmuth, and' other views of the building are " photo- 
graphed in that work. 

ICTOUIA AND ALBERT MCSHL-M. CiTJ^LTcM^ in ^^^ ruil'dLKt^S^t:!^ 

(Friday), at h p.m., when the Lord Mayor will dis 
tribute prizes to teachers. 

Mr. White, chief eugineer. Public Works Depart- 
ment, Bombay-, is to be specially employed for some 
months after his retirement. 

A stained -glass window, which is being placed in 
the east end of St. Luke*s Church* Chid(£ngstone 
Causeway, in memory of the late Mrs. Wynne 
Roberts, at a cost cf £8-50, will be unveiled nest 



Jax. 4, 1907. 


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H. V. Aehley and Wixton Newman, Architicts. 


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Jajv*. 4, 907. 

O^ur afflict Cable. 

— ♦-♦-♦ — 

Next session a Bill is to be introduced into 
Parliament for the incorporation of the Xational 
Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural 
Beauty. The trust is to be established for " pro- 
moting the permanent preservation for the benefit 
of the nation of lauds and tenements including 
buildings) of beauty or historic interest, and as 
regards land for the preservation so far as prac- 
ticable) of their natural aspect, features, and 
animal and plant life." The present property of 
the association is to be invested in the National 
Trust, which will be divided into «) ordinary 
members, (/') life members, (r) honorary members, 
and ('') local corresponding members. t>n the 
council two members are to be appointed by the 
Trustees of the National Gallery, two by the 
President of the Royal Academy, two by the 
Trustees of the British Museum, and one each bj- 
the Society of Antiquaries, the Koyal Institute of 
British Architects, the Commons Preservation 
Society, the Kyrle Society, the Selborne Society, 
the Society for the Protection of Ancient Build- 
ings, and thirteen other bodies — rather an un- 
wieldy executive. Twenty-five properties now in 
the possession of the association are scheduled as 
to be held and preserved for the benefit of the 

The excavations at Tananova, in Sicily, which 
are being carried on under the superintendence of 
Professor Orsi, director of the Syracuse Archieo- 
logical Museum, have led to the discovery of an 
ancient temple. At the east end of the modem 
town there are still standing the ruins of a Doric 
temple belonging to the fifth century. A closer 
examination of these remains brought to light, 
below the floor-level, the bases of the pillars of a 
second and older building, which appears to have 
been pulled down by the inhabitants of the 
ancient Gela themselves, to make room for the 
new sanctuary. The older temple was 3.5 yards 
long by 17 in breadth. The architrave was 
decorated with coloured tiles, of which many 
fragments were dug up. The treasury of Gela at 
< ^hTnpia displays the same kind of ornamentation. 

In discussing the question of the ownership of 
architects" drawings, the .lunricaii .inhitnt 
expresses a doubt whether the architect is always 
their proper and safest custodian. It instances 
the trouble which occurred at the death, some six 
■or seven years ago, of the late Richard Windeyer, 
of Toronto, when his heirs and assigns, having 
no knowledge of architectural matters, seem to 
have considered the contents of his office as of no 
great value, and so allowed the acc\imuIation of 
.soiled and tattered drawings and records, in 
portfolios, in rolls, in drawers, to disappear 
beyond the ken of man. Rjcently the Chapter 
of St. Alban's Cathedral in Toronto decided 
that it was time to resume the building of the 
fabric, and on to the choir, which for several 
years had been large enough to accommodate the 
•congregation, add the crossing, transepts, and two 
bays of the nave ; but it was found that no trace 
could be discovered of the much-needed drawings. 
Mr. Windeyer's family stated that the drawings, 
if there had ever been any, had been destroyed as 
valueless. The work of continuing the building 
after such design as might please them was there- 
upon entrusted to new architects, Messrs. Chad- 
wiek and Beckett. Jlr. Hubble, the contractor 
for the carpentry work in erection, has, however, 
since sent to the Chapter a complete set of tracings 
■of plan and elevation, as well as all the detail- 
drawings of the woodwork carried out in choir 
and chancel. 

Ix an article commenting on recent failures in 
reinforced concrete structures in the United 
States, due to tlie use of inferior materials, the 
Eiigiiieeiuifi Xeirs expresses the opinion that re- 
inforced concrete may be dangerous as a building 
material for one one or more of the following 
reasons: — " (1) Because safe methods of design 
have not yet been developed ; or (2) because the 
commercially obtainable materials of construction 
are subject to unknown variations which may 
produce fatal weakness ; or f3) because the quality 
of labour employed is not high enough to insure 
the safe construction oi the design, even though 
design and materials bn satisfactory. To this con- 
<lusion we are regretfully forced to subscribe. 
We make but one reservation — namely, that if 
an independent engineer be employed either to 
work out the design, or to prescribe specifications 
and verify the design by them ; and if, further. 
an independent engineer be placed in charge of 

the construction work to see that it is properly 
done, then reinforced concrete construction is as 
safe as other tyjjes of construction. Under all 
other circumstances we believe it involves so much 
risk that it must be characterised as dangerous." 

Desi'ite the slackness in trade in Edinburgh 
during 1906, the warrants granted by the Dean 
of Guild Court for all classes of buildings, and 
particularly for dwellings, have been considerably 
above those of the previous year. The warrants 
granted for the erection of self-contained houses 
numbered 360, being 100 more than in lOO.i ; 
while the warrants for the erection of tenements 
reached a total of 70, an increase of 18 as com- 
pared with those of 190.5. In two-roomed houses 
there "was an increase of 119, in three-roomed 
houses of 167, and in four-roomed houses of 26. 
The result has been that the city has been over- 
built, and this accounted in great measure for the 
large number of unlet houses in the city. While 
the rental of the city has increased by I'lo per 
cent, during the year, the value of unoccupied 
property has increased by no less than 11-34 per 
cent., equal to 4-2G on the city rental. 

The annual report as to the state of the 
property market in Glasgow during 1906 shows 
a continuation of a decline which began in 1903 
both in the number of properties sold and in the 
sterling value which these sales represented. 
There are at present 14,000 unlet houses, and 
ground-rents are no longer in tJlasgow regarded 
as gilt-edged securities. 

The relation of the duration of stress to the 
strength and stiffness of wood is now being 
studied by the Forest Service of the United 
States Government at its timber-testing stations 
at Yale and Purdue I'niversities. It is sought 
to determine : — The eifect of a constant load on 
strength ; the effect of impact load or sudden 
shock : the eifect of different speeds of the testing 
machine used in the ordinary tests of timber 
under gradually increasing load : and the effect 
of long-continued vibration. To determine the 
effect of constant load on the strength of wood a 
special apparatus has been devised by which tests 
on a series of five beams may be carried on simul- 
taneously. These beams are 2in. by 2in. in 
section and 36in. in length, each under a dif- 
ferent load. Their deflections and breaking points 
are automatically recorded upon a drum, which 
requires 30 days for one rotation. The results 
of these tests, extending over long periods of 
time, may be compared with those on ordinary 
testing machines. The experiments show that the 
effect of impact and gradually applied loads are 
different, provided that the stress applied by 
either method is within the elastic limit of the 
piece under test. A stick w-ill bend twice as far 
without showing loss of elasticity under impact, 
or when the load is applied by a blow, as it will 
under the gradually increasing pressure ordinarily 
used in testing. These experiments are being 
extended to determine the general relations 
between strength under impact aud gradual loads. 
Bending and compression tests to determine 
the effect of the speed of ajiplication of load 
on the strength and stiffness of wood have 
already been made at the Yale laboratory. The 
woods used were longleaf pine. led spruce, and 
chestnut, both soaked and kiln dried. From the 
results are obtained comparable records for differ- 
ence in speeds in application of load. Tlie tests 
also show concretely the variation of strength due 
to variations of speed liable to occur duiing the 
test itself. The results plotted on cross-section 
paper give a remarkably even curve as an 
expression of the relation of strength to speed of 
application of load, and show much greater 
strength at the higher speeds. 

Mu. H. R. Brn:;iLL, a United States special 
agent, in a report to the Bureau of Manufactures. 
Washington, on the commerce of Western 
Australia, says that the timber industry is still in 
its infancy : but from the latest figures obtainable 
showing its production enough can be learned to 
gauge its importance and value as a national 
asset and the steady rate of its development. The 
demand for Western Australian hard woods for 
railway sleepers, street paving blocks, piles for 
wharfs and piers, jetties, and bridges, is increasing 
both in the Commonwealth .and for export. The 
T'nited Kingdom is the chief buyer of these 
woods outside of the .\u3tralian "States, but a 
fairly large t[uantity finds its way into foreign 
countries. A recent Cijvernment estimate gives 
,S,000,00n acres of jarrah forest and 1,200,000 
acres of kauri forest, and the, latest published 
recordsof the Western Australian Lmd Department 

indicate an acreage of only 904,260 of )rest land 
under timber leases and licenses. Tlse figures 
show the great expansion possible for th industry. 
No foreign hard wood can hope to cojpete with 
the Australian kinds. 

ILiLi-AX-HoiR ago, amid the strea. of cata- 
logues and almanacs that descend on \ in such 
plentiful sequence at this season, we s^uld have 
said — 

Exhausted Nature could no further gt 

To make a third she joined the fornte:-iTo— 

or half-dozen, for that matter, in hci-fforts, or 
rather those of the almanac-maker, tqiroduce a 
new calendar. But Messrs. ilark I.vcett and 
Co. score in the matter of date remenu'ancers as 
easily as their admiraVile system of firsroof con- 
struction does. Amidst the many ron of figures 
parallel with the days of the week, ti eye often 
wanders vainly in search of the actual ite. But 
in this calendar, by the aid of a cker sort of 
book-marker, you shut out the wee that has 
p.assed — thankful, perhaps, that its wries have 
been lived through : ottcner, we tru, hopeful 
that the next, which stands clearly on beside the 
obliterating ribbon, may prove as prosirous : and 
certainly always with a kindly thoiiht of the 
foresight that devised the Fawcett wa calendar. 

Messks. R. O. Meveu,, infnn us that 
Jlr. .\lfrcd Foppes retired on Dec. ; from the 
joint management of their London hoie in order 
to take up heating work abroad, at that Mr. 
Paul Krebs will in consequence act a their sole 
manager of this branch in future. V are sure 
we need hardly bespeak support for 11 Krebs as 
the representative of a firm which, uider Mr. 
Fojjpes's management, has so well maitained its 
high reputation. 


The conditions on which they willpermit the 
Edinburgh-Dalkeith tramways to be e,\;uded into 
the city from Lady-road to the Wavjey Bridge 
were adjusted at a long meeting of t! tramways 
committee of Edinburgh Corporation ouriday. 

''Penrose's Pictorial Annual," 190iV. is a very 
hue Process Year Book. The vanout recesses — 
collotype, half-tone, hue-etchiug, plicgravure, 
photolithography, colour, and metii^ruph — are 
Illustrated with the excellence that ciaot fail to 
appeal to every newspaper or book pub,ber aud to 
every trader who seeks ttie aid of ilL^tration to 
aid publicity. 

The Ilaslingden Town Council • have iven notice 
to the Accringtou Steam Tramways Coaany, Ltd., 
that at the end ot six months Irom Janiry 1, 1907, 
they will exercise their powers to purchx- chat por- 
tion of the company's undertaking whu is in the 
borough. It IS proposed to electrity the adertaking 
after the purchase. The Hashngdeu Iwn Council 
are also applying for power to borrov t;6,.500 for 
street improvements. 

The Bournemouth Town Council ha^ decided to 

lay a new 42m. cast-iron outfall sewer>t a cost of 
£o,900, and have approved of the prest: ISin. out- 
tall sewer being replaced by a larger :ie at a cost 
ot £8,000. 

.\t an adjourned vestry meeting, jld at the 
parish chuicn, Rochdale, on Thursda;eveuing in 
last week, it was decided to apply foa faculty to 
remove the present pulpit and the prver-desk in 
front of the sediba. \v, anonj'mous -)nor is re- 
placing the pulpit with one ot carved ak, with a 
stone base. Sir Clement Royds is givir a new and 
more ornate prayer-desk. 

Mr. P. E. Pilditch, architect and sireyor, who 
unsuccessfully stood as Unionist caudate for the 
St. Ives Division at the general electioj will be the 
Muuicipal Reform candidate for East sUngton at 
the London County CouncU election. 

A stained-glass window, erected at t) east end of 
.St. Elisabeth's Church, Reddish, to puietuate the 
memory of the late Rev. Addison Crotm, was for- 
mally unveiled on Saturday. 

At Friday's meeting of the Carnegie 'unfennline 
Trust, it was reported that, as the resu of negotia- 
tions entered into with the Scottit Education 
Department in April last, plans for therection of a 
school of textile instruction on a site itween New 
Row and the Lauder Technical Schoc prepared by 
Mr. David Barclay, architect, Ulasgw, had been 
approved of by the Department. 11: cost of the 
building, including the site, is estimati at £10,600, 
aud intimation has been received thathe Depart- 
ment is prepared to contribute £.5,3Utoward3 the 
cost from the general aid grant. 

The weathercock on the Curfew Tonr, the oldest 
part of Windsor Castle, has to be taki down. It 
ceased to show the wav the wind ble. and work- 
men were unable to put it right, 'ley found it 
encased in rust. 


Jax. , 1907. 





IiiEiAXi).— he annual general meeting of the 
Koyal Instate of the Architects of Ireland was 
held at 20.-incoln-place, Duhlin, on Thursday, 
December .. lyOii. The president, llr. W. M. 
MitcheU. .R.I.B.A., R.H.A., occupied the 
chair. Th report of the council for the year 
1906 havin been read, Mr. A. E. Murray pro- 
posed, and dr. R. J. Stirling seconded. ''That 
the reporf'C adopted and circulated."' This, 
after some iseussion, was passed unanimously. 
Jlr. Owen -posed, and Mr. Holloway seconded, 
"That the i usurer's report be adopted," which 
was also sreed to. The president announced 
that the foowing members were elected to serve 
on the counlfor 1907 : — Messrs. C. H. Ash worth. 
K. C. Orpi, G. C. Ashlin, Sir T. Drew, H. 
AUberry, . Batchelor, C. A. Owen, G. P. 
Sheridan, ad A. E. Murray, together with the 
hon. treasier, Mr. F. G. Hicks ; the hon. secre- 
tary, Mr. . H. Webb, and as representative of 
the Archit:tui-al Association of Ireland, Mr. J. 
Holloway. The president then read his annual 
address. !i- Thos. Drew proposed, and Jlr. F. G. 
Hicks sei'oied, a vote of thanks to the president 
on the apToaching termination of his period of 
office, for le assiduous manner in which he had 
discharged le duties connected with his onerous 

■ ^^^— 


A SuEvroK's Delusioxs.— Walter Harry Ire- 
land, 38, a irveyor, of River Bank, East Molesey, 
was chargl at Kingston, on Satiirday, with vio- 
lently assa ling his wife, Jane Ireland, by striking 
her on the »ad witli some instrument, at the above 
address, c the previous night. On a previous 
occasion— few weeks back — the accused was 
charged wh assaultmg his brother-in-law, Mr. 
Arthur A-es, a Reading auctioneer, on which 
occasion t was discharged by the justices and 
handed ovr to the custody of the police to be dealt 
with as a 3rson of unsound mind. Medical evi- 
dence nowbowed that the prisoner was suffering 
from delusns, and he was sent back to the work- 
house infirary to be detained as a lunatic. 

The Bnisn Uealite Company, Ltd. — Mr. J. 
Thompson axton writes us that he has entered into 
possession this company's assets under order of 
the High '_>urt of Justice, Chancery Division, on 
the 20th u., as Receiver for ihe debenture holders, 
and regret Ee can assume no liabihty whatever in 
reference advertisements placed with us by the 

— — ••^ 


SourHT»-JK Cathedral .Sceeex. — The altar 
screen of ^uthwark Cathedral, erected by Bishop 
Fox, minisr to Henry VII., in 1520, is, following 
the examp set within the last twelve years in the 
large loth .in tury reredoses of the same style at 
Winchest.. and St. Albans Cathedrals, to have its 
beautifal mopied niches filled with statues. A 
commencejent has been made with the scheme, 
gifts of tiares having already been promised by 
Sir Fredeck Wigan, Mr. W. A. Bell, and two 
other done who prefer to remain anonymous, with 
the result tat the chapter has authorised Messrs. 
"T. and E. icholls to carve statues, which wdl be 
in position lifore long. Those in the two central 
niches wi, represent our Lord in Glory and the 
Madonna id Child, while there will be single 
figures as illows :— Bishop Peter de Rupibus, who 
built the coir and Lady Chapel, 1207 ; St. Clave, 
who delived London from being sacked by the 
Danes, 10! : and Bishop Andrewes, 1626, who lies 
buried at le back of the high altar. Additions 
will be mirt as offers are forthcoming, the chapter 
having ma', provision for a complete scheme. 

The folfffing faculties have been issued in the 
York Constory Court : — To the vicar and church - 
WMden of ioly Trinity, Scarborough, to insert a 
stained-glis window in the north aisle : to the 
vicar and turchwardens of Humbleton, near Hull, 
to erect a ;w pulpit and choir stalls in oak m the 
church ; t the curate-in-charge at Scampston, to 
insert staiid-glass east window. 

The ful for the restoration of Selby Abbey 
Church hfjng reached £30,000, the fallen rubbish 
13 being clired away, preparatory to the beginning 
of the wo: of reconstruction. 

It is stcd that, as a result of the boom in the 
'^lue of biding land in South East Bucks, due to 
the openir of the new Great Western and Great 
Central ]t»t railway through Gerrard's Cross and 
Maconsfia to High Wycombe, thirty-five .separate 
omlders ai at present engaged upon new houses in 
wnard'a foa« and its surroundings. 


Friday ^To-Da y). — Birmingham Architectural Associa- 
tion. ** Architectuial Education : a Sug- 
gestion." By A. S. Dixnn, M.A. 8 p.m. 

Monday. — Royal Institute of British Archit<^cts. Business 
meeting. 8 p.m. 

Liverpool Architectural Society . "Style 
in Architectural Draughtsmanship." By 
Stanley D. Adshead. 

TcESDAY.— Institution of Civil Engineers. "The Siraploa 
Tunnel." By Francis Fox, M.I.C.E. 
8 p.m. 

Architectural Association of Ireland. 
" Electrical Installation on the Three- 
rhase System." Bv J. H. Pentland, 
B.E., F.R I.B.A. 8 p.m. 

Wednesday. — Architectural Association. Discussion 
Section. ' ' Wallpapei-s. ' By 'SV. D. 
Sheffield. 7.30 p.m. 

Edinburgh Architectural Association. 
" Flanders : rommerce and Architecture." 
By James Lochhead, of Glasgow. 8 p.m. 

Thcbsday. — Sheffield Society of Architects and Surveyors. 
" Woodwork." Bv H. L. Paterson, 

Friday (Jan. 11 j.— Institution of Civil Engineers. 
"Balancing of Internal - Combustion 
Motors .\pplied to Marine Propulsion." 
By A. T. Wesson, M..Sc. 8 p.m. 
Architectural Association. Paper by 
Temple Moore, F.R.I.B.A. 7.S0 p.m. 
Glasgow Architectural Craftsmen's 
Society. Annual Dinner. 

1^ Tviflon->treef. Wfatminster. S.W., at7.3lli).ra. PAPER liv Mr. 
TEMPLE MOORE on "The Arrangement and Desiijn of Modern 

ins the Mansion House), by Kind permission of Messrs. Dunn anil 
Watson. Members to meet at the building at 1.30 p ra. .4 visit will 
afterwards he paid to the addition to St, Bartholomew's Hospital, 
Smilli&eld, bv kind permission of Mr. E. B. IWnson- 


Hon. Sees. 

— ♦-•-♦ — 

IRON, &c. 

Per ton. Per ton. 

RoUed-Iron Joists, Belgian £5 10 to £5 15 

RoUed-Steel Jolsta, English 7 2 6,, 750 

Wrought-Iron Girder Plates 7 0,, 750 

Bar Iron, good Staffs 6 5 0,, 8 10 

Do., Lowmoor, Flat, Bound, or 

Square 20 „ 20 

Do., Welsh B 15 „ 5 17 

Boiler Plates, Iron^ 

South Staffs 8 0,, 8 15 

Beat Snedshill 9 0,, 9 10 

Angles 10s., Tees 20s. per ton extra. 

Builders' Hoop Iron, for bonding, &c., £8 15s. to £9. 
Builders* Hoop Iron, galvanised, £11 to £15 lOs. per ton. 

Galvanised Corrugated Sheet Iron — 

No. 18 to 20. No. 22 to 24. 
eft. to 8ft. long, inclusive Per ton. Per ton. 

gauge £1.110 ...£14 

Beat ditto 14 ... 14 10 

Wire Nails (Points de Paris) — 

6to7 S 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 B.W.O. 

9/- 9 6 10'- 10/6 10/9 116 12/3 13- 14- per cwt. 

Per ton. Per ton. 

Caat-Iron Columns £6 10 to £8 10 

Cast-iron Stanchions 6 10 „ 8 10 

Rolled-Iron Fencing Wire 9 5 0,, 9 10 

Eolled-Steel Fencing Wire 7 5 0,, 7 10 

„ „ „ Galvanised. 9 0,, 9 10 Sa.* Weights 4 17 „ 4 17 

Cut Floor Brads 10 10 „ 10 10 

Corrugated Iron, 24 gauge 15 5 ,, — 

Tin per cwt. 11 „ — 

Cut Nails (per cwt. basis, ordinary 

brand) Oil 3 „ — 

Cast-iron Socket Pipes— 

3in. diameter £5 17 6 to £5 2 6 

4in.to6in 5 15 ,, 6 

7in. to 24in. (all sizes) 5 2 6,, 5 15 

[Coated with c omposition, 5s. Od. per ton extra ; turned 
and bored joints, 5s. Od. per ton extra.] 

Pig Iron — Per ton. 

Cold Blast, lilleshaU llOs. Od. to 117s. 6d. 

Hot Blast, ditto 703. Od. ,. 75s. Od. 

Wrought-Iron Tubes and Fittings — Discoimt off Standard 

Lists f.o.b (plus 5 per cent.) : — 

Gas-Tubes e7ip.c. 

Water-Tubes 62J „ 

Steam-Tubes S7J „ 

Galvanised Gas-Tubea 55 „ 

Galvanised Water-Tubes 50 „ 

Galvanised Steam-Tubes 45 „ 

lOcwt. casks. 5cwt. casks. 

Per ton. Per ton. 

Spelter, SUesian £23 to £23 10 

Lead Water Pipe, Town 23 10 „ — 

„ „ „ Country 24 5 „ — 

Lead Barrel Pipe, Town 24 „ — 

,, „ ,. Country 24 15 „ — 

Lead Pipe, Tinned inside, Town 2.5 „ — 

„ ,, ,. ,, Country 2o 15 „ — 
Lead Pipe, Tinned inside and 

outside Town 25 10 „ — 

„ „ „ „ Country 27 5 ,, — 

Composition Gas-pipe, Town 23 10 ,, — 

„ Country... 23 5 „ — 

Lead Soil-pipe (oin. and 6in. 

extra) Town £25 10 to — 

, Country 26 .5 0,, — 

Lead Shot, in 281b. bags 15 „ 15 5 

Copper Sheets, sheathing and rods 121 „ 12110 

Copper. British Cake and Ingot... Ill „ 111 10 

Tin, Straits 193 10 „ 194 

Do., English Ingots 190 „ 195 1) 

Pig Lead 21 6 3 „ — 

Sheet Lead, Town 23 „ — 

„ „ Country 23 15 „ — 

Genuine White Lead 26 15 „ — 

Beflned Bed Lead 24 15 „ — 

Sheet Zinc 35 „ — 

Old Lead, against account 19 „ — 


Teak, Burmah .'. per load £9 to £19 10 

„ Bangkok ... 8 15 „ 17 10 

Quebec Pine, yellow per load 3 10 ,, 6 5 

„ Oak 5 10 „ 9 5 

„ Birch „ ... 2 10 „ 5 

„ Ehn 4 2 6,, 900 

„ Ash 4 5 0,, 700 

Dantsic and Memel Oak 3 10 „ 7 

Fir , ... 3 12 6 „ 5 

Wainscot, Riga p. log 2 5 0,, 5 15 

Lath, Dantsic, p.f 4 0,, 600 

St. Petersburg 4 0,, 600 

Deals, per St. Petersburg Standard, 120— 12ft. by IJin. 
by llin. : — 

Quebec, Pine, lat £22 to £35 5 

„ 2nd 13 „ 23 15 

3rd 11 10 „ 14 5 

Canada Spruce, 1st 11 5 „ 16 

2nd and 3rd 9 5 „ 11 

New Brunswick 8 10 „ 10 

Riga 7 15 „ 9 

St. Petersburg 8 0,, 17 

Swedish 7 15 „ 2J 5 

Finland 8 10 „ 9 

White Sea 10 8 „ 20 5 

Battens, aU sorts 6 0,, 13 5 

Flooring Boards, per square of lin. : — 

Ist prepared £0 14 6 ' to £0 17 3 

2nd ditto 13 „ 14 3 

Other qualities 5 0,, 13 

Staves, per standard M : — 

U.S., pipe £37 10 to £45 

Memel. cr. pipe 220 „ 2.30 

Memel, brack 190 „ 200 


Bl'ilding Wood. At per standard. 

DeaLs : 3in. by and 4in. by £ s. d. £ s. d. 

Hin. and llin 13 10 to 15 

Deals: 3 by 9 13 „ 14 

Battens : 2.iia. by 7in. and 8in.. 

!md 3iD. bvTin. andSin 11 „ 12 

Battens: 2\ bv Band 3 by 6 10 less than 

7in. & Sin. 

Deals: seconds : 10 lessthanbest 

Battens: .seconds 30 ., „ 

2in. by Jin. and2in. byein 9 to 10 

2in. by I.Jin, and 2in. by oin. ... 8 10 „ 9 10 
J: oreign Pawn Boards — 

lin. and IJin. by 7in 10 more than 


Jin 10 

Fir timber : best middling Danzig At per load of 50ft. 

or jMemel 4 10 to 5 

Seconds 4 „ 4 10 

Small timber 8in. to lOin.i 3 12 6 ., 3 15 

Small timber 6in. to 8in.i 3 „ 3 10 

Swedish balks 2 10 „ 3 

Pitch-pine timber ;30ft. average; 4 „ 4 15 

Joiners' Wood. 
White Sea : first yellow deals. At per standard. ' 

3in. by llin : 24 to 25 

3in. by 9in 22 „ 23 

Battens, 2Hn. and 3in. by 7in. 16 10 „ 18 

Second yellow deals, 3in. by lin... 18 10 „ 20 

.3inbv9in.,. 17 10 ,, 19 

Battens, 2Jin. and 3in."by Tin. 13 10 „ 14 10 

Third yellow" deals, 3in. by llin. 

and9in 13 10 „ 15 

Battens, 25in. and Sin. by Tin. 11 „ 12 
Petersburg first yellow deals, 

Sin. by llin 21 „ 22 10 

Do. 3in. by9in 18 „ 19 10 

Battens 13 10 „ 15 

Second yellow deals, 3in. by llin. IB „ IT 

Do. 3in. by9in 14 10 „ 16 

Battens 11 „ 12 10 

Third yellow deals, 3in. by llin. 13 u „ 14 

Do. 3in. by9in .: 12 10 „ 14 

Battens 10 „ 11 

White Sea and Petersburg- 
First white deals, 3in. bv llin. 14 10 ' „ 15 10 
„ Sin. by Oin. 13 10 ., 14 10 

Battens 11 „ 12 

Second white deals, 3in. by llin. 13 10 „ 14 10 

3in. by 9in. 12 10 „ 13 10 

battens 10 „ 11 

Pitch pine : deals 18 „ 21 

Under 2in. thick extra 10 „ 10 

Yellow Pine— First, regular sizes 44 and over. 

Oddments 3-2 „ 

Seconds, regular sizes 33 „ 

Yellow Pine oddments '28 

Kauri Pine— Planks per ft. cube.. 3 6 to U 5 
Danzig an(i Stettin Oak Logs- 
Large, per ft. cube 3 ,. 3 6 

Small 2 6 „ 2 9 

Wainscot Oak Logs, per ft. cube.. 5 6 „ 6 
Drv Wainscot Oak, per ft. sup., 

as inch 8V „ 9.} 

Jin. do. do 7 „ 8 

Dry Mahogany — Hondtiras, Ta- 
basco, per ft. super, as inch ... 9 ,, 10 
Selected, Figury, per ft. supar. 

as inch... 16 ,,,0 2 6 

Dry Walnut, American, per ft. 

super, as inch 10 „ 10 

Teak.perload 17 u „ 2i 

American Whitewood Planks, per 

ft. cube : 4.0 „., 5 



Tan. 4, 1907. 

Prepared Flooring, &c. — 

Ixn. by 7ln. yellow, plaued and Per square, 

Hhot £0 13 

lin. by Tin. yellow, planed and 

matched ..." 14 

l]in. by Tin. yellow, planed and 

matched 16 

lin. by Tin. white, planed and 

shot 12 

lin. by Tin. wbite, planed and 

matched 12 

Ijin. bvTin. white, planed and 

matched 15 

5in. by Tin. yellow, matched and 

beaded or V-jointed boards ... 11 
lin. by Tin. „ ,, ... 14 

Jin. by Tin. white „ ... 10 

lin. by Tin. ,, „ ... 12 

6in. at Od. to Td. per SQware less than Tin, 


to to 17 


„ 18 

,. 1 

,, 14 



„ 16 



„ 13 
,. 18 
., 11 
,. 15 




Darlev Bale, in blocks.... perfootcube £0 

~ " "' 

Red Mansfield, ditto , 

Closeblirn Red Freestone, ditto „ ... 

Hard York, ditto „ ... 

Ditto ditto 6in. sawn both sides, landings, 

random sizes per foot aup. 

Ditto ditto Sin. slabs sawn two sides, 

random sizes , ... 

• All F.O.R. London. 

Bath Stone, delivered on rail at quarry stations 

per foot cube 
Delivered on road waggons, Paddjngton 

Depot : 

Ditto ditto Nine Elms Depot , ... ] 

Beer Stone, delivered on rail at Seaton 

Station „ ... : 

Ditto, delivered at Nine Elms Station ... „ ... ] 
Portland Stone, in random bloclts of 20ft. average : — 

Whit Bed. 
Delivered to railway depot at the 

quarry perfootcube £0 1 5| 

Jjelivered on road wapgons ] 

at Paddington Dei)ut . 
Ditto Nine ELms Depot. 
Ditto Pimlico Wharf... 

2 3 

2 4J 

1 lOJ 

2 10 

2 1 

Base Bed, 

. £0 1 7i 
. 2 2J 


Hard Stocks £1 10 

Rough Stocks and 

Grizzles 17 

Picked Stocks for 

Facings 2 17 6 

Flettons 18 

Red Wire Cuts 1 14 

Best Fareham Red 3 12 
Best Red Pressed 

Ruabon Facing... 5 
Beat Blue Pressed 

Staffordshire 3 15 

Do. Bullnose 4 

Best Stourbridge 

Fire Bricks 3 14 

Glazed Bricks. 

Best White and 

Ivory Glazed 

Stretchers 12 

Headers 11 

Quoins, Bullnose, 

and Flats It! 

Double Stretchers 19 
Double Headers ...16 
One Side and two 

Ends 19 

Two Sides and one 

End 20 

Splays, Cham- 
fered, Squints ... 20 
Best Dipped Salt 

Glazed Stretchers, 

and Header 12 


and Flats 11 

Double Stretchers 15 
Double Headers ... 14 
One Side and two 

Ends 15 

Two Sides and one 

End 15 

Splays. Cham- 
fered, Squints ..14 
Second Quality 

White and 

Dipped Salt 

Glazed 2 

Thames and Pit Sand 

Thames Ballast 5 

Beat Portland Cement 27 

Best Ground Blue Ljas Lime 19 

per 1,000 alongside, in river. 

at railway station. 

less than best. 
7 per yard, delivered. 

per ton 

Exclusive of charge for sacks. 

Grey Stone Lime lis. 6d. per yard, delivered. 

Stourbridge Fireclay in sacks 27s. Od. per ton at rly. stn. 


In. In. £ K. (3. 

Blue Portmadoc 2l)xI0,..12 12 6 per 1000 of 1200 at r.stn. 

... li^x 8 .. 6 12 6 „ „ 

BlueBangor ... 20x 10...13 2 6 ,, ,, 

,. „ ... 20xl2,,.I.S 17 6 „ 

Firstquality 20x10. ..13 ,, 

„ „ ... 20x12 ..13 15 

... 16x S... 7 5 
Eureka unfading 

green 20x10.. .15 17 6 

„ „ ...20x12. .18 7 6 „ 

„ „ ... 18x10. ..13 5 „ „ „ 

„ 16x 8. .10 5 „ „ ,, 

Permanent green 20x10, ..11 12 6 „ „ 

,. „ ... 18x10... 9 12 6 „ „ „ 

IGv 8... 12 6 


42 per 1000 at rly. station 

3 7perdoz 

50 per 1000 „ 
52 6 

4 per doz. „ ,, 

,57 6 per 1000 „ „ 


4 per doz. „ ,, 

3 „ „ „ 

51 9 per 1000 „ „ 
54 6 ,. 

4 1 per doz. at rly. station 

3 8 „ 

48 per 1000 ,, 

50 „ „ 

4 per doz. ,, ,, 

3 8 „ 

50 per lOOO „ „ 

47 6 „ „ 

50 „ 

4 per doz. ,, ,, 
3 6 „ 

Plain red roofing tiles 

Hip and Valley tiles 

Broseley tiles 

Omam' ntal tiles 

Hip and \'alley tiles 

Ruabnn red, brown, or brin- 
dled do. .Edwards) 

Ornamental do 

Hip tiles 

Valley tiles 

Red or Mottled Staffordshire 
do. (Peake's) 

Ornamental do 

Hip tiles 

Valley tiles 

" Rosemary " brand plain 

Ornamental tiles 

Hip tiles 

Valley tiles 

*' Hartshill " brand plain 
tiles, sand-faced 

Pressed ■.... 

Ornamental do 

Hip tiles 

Valley tiles 


Rapeseed, English pale, per tun.. £3.'i 5 to £33 5 

Do., brown „ ... 3110 „ 32 

Cottonseed, refined , ... 23 15 „ 25 10 

Olive, Spanish „ ... 40 „ 40 10 

Seal, pale 23 „ 23 10 

Cocoanut, Cochin 43 „ 43 5 

Do., Ceylon „ ... 37 10 „ 37 10 

Do., Mauritius 40 „ 41 

Palm, Lagos „ ... S3 „ 33 

Oleine 17 5 „ 19 5 

Sperm ... 34 „ 35 

Lubricating U.8 per gal. 7 0,, 086 

Petroleum, refined „ ... ej „ 6i 

Tar, Stockholm per barrel 16 0,, 160 

Do., Archangel , ... 19 6 „ 10 

Turpentine, American ...per tun 37 ,, 37 5 

Linseed Oil per gal. 2 1,, — 

Baltic OU 2 8,, — 

Turpentine „ ...042,, — 

Putty percwt. 7 3,, — 


English Sheet Glass : IScz. 21oz. 

Fourths IJd. ... 2Jd. ... 

Thirds 2ld. ... 3ja. ... 

Fluted Sheet SJd. ... 4Jd. ... 

Hartley's English Rolled Plate : Jin. 


Figured Oxford Rolled Oceanic Glass : 

82oz. Net. 
4Jd. „ 

4d. ... 5d. 

4jd. ... 5ia. ;; 

3/, Bin. Jin. 
... 2Jd. ... 33. 
White. Tinted 
4d. ... 53d. 


Per gallon. 

Fine Pale Oak Varnish £0 8 

Pale Copal Oak 10 6 

Superfine Pale Elastic Oak 12 6 

Fine E.ttra Hard Church Oak 10 

Superfine Hard-di7ing Oak, for seats of churches 14 

Fine Elastic Carriage 12 6 

Superfine Pale Elastic Carriage 16 

Fine Pale Maple 16 

Finest Pale Durable Copal 18 

E.xtra Pale French Oil 1 1 

Eggshell Flatting Varnish 18 

White Cecal Enamel 1 4 

Extra Pale Paper 12 

Best Japan Gold Size 10 

Bei5t Black Japan 16 

Oak and Mahogany Stain 9 

Brunswick Black 8 

BerliA Black 16 

Knotting 10 

French and Brush Pohsh 10 

Another section of Victoria Station — London, 
Brightou, and South Coast Railway — will be opened 
early in February for the main-line passenger 
traific. The suburban traffic, which is at present 
being worked to and from the new section, will be 
transferred to the old station. The company intend 
to remove the whole of the main hne and Con- 
tinental boat train traffic to the new station, 

A reredos has been placed in St. John's Church, 
Darwen, as a memorial of the late vicar, the Rev. 
H, H. Moore. It is of Derbyshire alabaster, the 
central panel being carved m white alabaster to por- 
tray the Crucitixion. On either side are pinnacles, 
terminating at a height of Lift, above the new 
pavement, of St. Anne's marble. The architect is 
Mr. Smith Saville, and the sculptors were Messrs. 
Harry Hems and Sons, of Exeter. 

A bill to confer further powers upon the Portis- 
head District Water Company has been deposited 
for introduction into Parliament next session. The 
company seek powers to construct additional water- 
works to meet the increasing demand for water 
within their Umits of supply. These works comprise 
a pumping st.atiouatPortishead, and a covered service 
reservoir at North Weston in connection with the 
ncv,' pumping station. For the construction of these 
works power is sought to raise ,£24,U00 additional 

The engineer of the Ureat Western Railway has 
communicated to the surveyors of the Three Towns 
his company's intention to proceed forthwith with 
the reconstruction in stone of the existing wooden 
viaduct across the park and valley at Penny come - 







120, BimhiU Row, LONDON, E.G. 


•«• Correspondents would in all cases oblige by giving 
the addresses of the parties tendering— at any rate, of the 
accepted tender : it adda to the value of tlie information. 

Bartlev, H.vnts.— For providing and laying 9in. pipes 
in a ditch at Bartley, for the New Forest Rural District 
Council : — 

Barnes £80 

Bright and Sons (accepted) 20 3 

Bow, E.— For the construction of new roof and other 
repairs to the brewhouse building at the Brewery, Bow, 
London, E. Mr. Herbert Riches, 3, Crooked-lane, King 
William-street, London, E.C., architect ;— 

Todd and Newman £1,898 

Perry and Co 1,788 

Irwin, W 1,782 

Courtney and Fairbum 1,765 

Thoine, F. and T.' 1,750 

' Accepted with modifications. 

Bow, E.— For the erection of new brewer's office, at the 
Brewery, Bow, London. E. Mr. Herbert Riches, 3. 
Crooked-lane, King William-street, London, E.C., 
architect : — 

Perry and Co £348 

Thome, F. and T 337 

Eobey, J. T. (accepted) 325 

BnoNDESP.URV, N.W.— For erection of six shops and 
stationmaster's house next Brondesbury Station, for the 
London and Noxth-Western Railway Co. Messrs. Joseph 
and Smithem, 83, Uueen-street, E.G., architects. Quan- 
titiei by Mr. C. W. Latter, of 14, Great James-street, 

Simpson. G., and Sons £3,155 

Smith, W 3,142 

Higgs and Hill 2,984 

MiskinandSon 2,977 

SabeyandSon 2,950 

Hudson Bros 2,950 

Ford and Walton 2,885 

Ashbv Bros '2,8^5 

Wallis, G. E., and Sons (accepted) 2,813 
Bi-ROESS Hn.i..— For the construction and making good 
of part (about 45 yards in length) of Slimbridge-road, for 
the Burgess Hill Urban District Council ;— 
Bryant, W., Dunstall Farm, Bur- 
gess Hib £132 10 

Butcher, P., Hove 131 

Packman, S., Crescent-rd., Burgess 
Hill (accepted) 127 

EDMOSTON.—For additional story, &C.. and extension 
of the laundry, at the Edmonton Workhouse, for the 

guardians of the Edmonton Union. Mr. Stuart Hill, 106. 
annon-street, E.C., architect. Quantities by Mr. Joseph 
Peebles, 7, Southampton-street, Bloomsbury. W.C. — 

Jackson, R., and Co. 
Nightingale, B. E. ... 
Loasby and Salmon ... 
Greenwood, J., Ltd. ... 
Sands and Buxley 

Thomas, J 

Wall, C, Ltd 

Lawrence, AV., and Son 
Roberts, A., and Co., Ltd. 
Foster, F. and G. 

Parsons, J 

Knight. H.. and Son ... 

Fitch and Cox 

Monk, A. 








2,844 . 







FiNciiLEY, N.— For the erection of a proposed residence, 
Dollis-avenue, for Mr. Frederick Dolman. Messrs. 
Bennett and Richardson, The Broadway, Finchley. 
architects : — 

MacEwan and Sons £750 

FiNCHLEv, N.— For the erection of a residence, Victoria- 
avenue, Church End, for Dr. Vincent Moxey, M.EKJ.S. 
Messrs. Bennett and Richardson, The Broadway. 
Finchley, N., architects : — 

PhUlips, C 


FiNciiLEv, N.— For the erection of a residence. The 
Grove, Church End, for Mr. R. J. Bailey. Messrs. 
Bennett und Richardson, The Broadway, Finchley, ^., 
architects: — 

Jackson. C £800 

Scott, C.W 800 

NichoUs and Sons "20 

Gos'-ORT.— For the construction and completion of .■» 
covered service reservoir (Contract 7, Soberton scheme) lu's ferro-concrete, for the Gosport Waterworks 
C... Mr. Edward T. Hildred, A.M.I.C.E., Gosport. 
engineer : — , , ^ 

Palmer, G., Neath £13,519 12 2 

Liverpool Hennebique Contracting 


Yorks Hennebique Contracting Co., 


Playfair and Toole, Southampton... 

Bevis, F., Portsmouth 

Hollowav Bros., London 

Cooper, 'jr. B., and Co., Bristol ... 

Thopas and Co.. Cardilf 

Nuttall anil Co., Manchester 
Neal, U. U. B., Ltd, Plymouth' ... 
' Accepted. 

10,698 3 9 

9,870 19 6 


8,887 10 8 


8,413 18 2 

8,'297 16 II 

7,804 14 6 

6,852 O 

(fiontinited on page XX)' I.) 

•Tax. 1], 1907. 





VOL. XCII.— Xo. 2714. 

ntinA Y. iaxiahy ii, i!»o: 



4 T tlio businRss meetint; of the E.I.B.A., 
J- Jl. held last Monday. Mv. William Wood- 
ward raised a discussion on the proposed 
conditions of the ooinpetition foi' the New 
County Hall for T.jndon. It is to be feared 
this has beea done too late to obtain any 
material alteration, for important defects 
were disclosed, some of them due to mis- 
taken advice given by the < 'ouncil of the 
Institute itself so far back as April last. It 
appears that at that date a long letter was 
written to the L.C.I',, making various sug- 
gestions. These have, on the whole, been 
adopted, and under the circumstances it 
was not thought wise by the meet- 
ing to stultify the action of the Council 
by objecting now to conditious based 
vipon recommendations then made. Never- 
theless, the feeling was very strongly 
expressed in the room, and will doubtless be 
endorsed by all other architects in the 
country, that undue advantage is being 
given in this comjietition to the eight 
selecteil architec'^s by their being exempted 
from submitting drawings in the preliminary 
eoiT] petition. 

Mr. Woodward threw out a suggestion 
that, under such circumstances, it might be 
|iijssible for the fa\oured few to obtain in- 
foiniation as to the best points in other 
designs before their own were prepared, and 
certainly this is a view which some persons 
might very well take, however completely 
it were to bo guarded against ; but it is not 
the sort of action any honourable man 
would allow himself to commit, and so 
th'- suggestion may be put on one side 
as being in the present case impossible. 
Much more serious, however, is the fact 
that these selected architects are allowed 
in this way a great deal Ion; er time 
for the consideration of their plan than 
are those who take part in the first 
general competition, and, on the sugges- 
tion of Mr. M, B. Adams and proposal 
by Mr. Cariie, a resolution was eventually 
passed asking the I,.C.C. to limit the time 
for the two competitions to nine months, 
of which six mouths shall be devoted to the 
|ireliminary, thus curtailing the great advan- 
tage which the selecteil men are to have. But 
it is extremely doubtful whether such a pro- 
posal as this, made at the very last moment, 
IS hkely t(, be adopted. According to the 
■Iraft conditions recommended by the hjsta- 
bUshment Committee, the designs in the 
preliminary comi)etitiou have to be deposited 
by May 7, and those for the final com- 
lietiti'in in October next. Thus the 
general body of the competitors have less 
than four months to do the whole of their work 
in, aiul the greater part of this time must 
necessarily be given up to mere draughtsman- 
shi^). .\lthough the specially selected com- 
l>etitors will have more drawings to prepare 
liefore October than will their opponents 
by May, they will undoubtedly have a 
givat deal of th'S additional time to spare for 
the consideration of their schemes. This is 
no sinall advantage to give any competitor, 
anil is all the greater in this case when it is 
considered with regard to the short period of 
time allowed to others. 

The cry for more time was absolutely un- 
animous, and we should like to urge on the 
'••' •' '■ that from their point of view also it 
would be most wise to allow at least six 
■uonths instead of four for the preliminary 
competition, asking for no further drawings. 

but giving competitors the opportunity for 
nKjre careful consideration of their plans. 
If a fii-st-rate building is required it is 
obviously essential that the initial schemes 
should be properly thought out, and this is 
quite impracticable of accomplishment in so 
short a sjiace of time as four months, out of 
which only one quarter at most could possibly 
be given to consideration. 

So far as the selection of architects is con- 
cerned, we think that the .suggestion that any 
should have special privileges was a mistake. 
The meeting could not go behind the Council 
in this matter, but the L.C.C. would be acting 
wisely, and certainly in a way which would 
commend itself to architects in general, if it 
waived this special selection altogether, 
putting e\ eryone upon the same basis, and 
increasing proportionately the number of 
those who Aould be selected in the first com- 
petition to enter for the second . 



'"r'HE annual exhibition of the work of the 
-L ( dd Masters in other words, of deceased 
artists of all countries — is one of the most 
interesting of the year, as the paintings 
exhibited are always selected works, or at 
least the works of selected artists. It is 
necessary to draw this distinction, for there 
is a great deal of difference between an old 
master and an old masterpiece, and occasion- 
ally the interest of a painting rather lies in 
its imperfections, as compared with the other 
works of its author, than in its beauties. (_)n 
the present occasion a partly chronological 
and partly topographical arrangement has 
been attempted. Uallery No. 1 contains 
paintings of the very earliest school, from 
the stiB' and conventional work of the late 
14th century until Riphael's time, when the 
modem natural treatment and full under- 
standing of pose, te.xture. and perspective 
were first developed. Oallery No. 2 is 
devoted almost entirely to paintings of what 
is known as the Hutch School, mostly 
executed during the 17th century by such 
well-known artists as Ruysdael, Jan Steen, 
Cuyp, Teniers, Rembrandt, Rubens, and 
\'an llyck. The large tJallerv No. 3 is 
gi\en u]) to jiortraits and landscapes, most of 
ttem by Englishmen of the isth and early 
19th centuries, although there are a few 
Hutch paintings, and one by \'elasqiie/., 
which it may be said is by no means the best 
in the room. Irallery Xo. 4 is mostly devoted 
to porti'aits of insipid- looking ladies, done by 
English artists of the same period, while 
Oallery No. 5 is devoted to more modern 
works -a small collection only, but of re- 
markable excellence. 

As a certain scheme of arrangement has 
thus been adopted in the hanging, it is un- 
necessary to adopt any other in a review, 
and the paintings may consequent!}" bs con- 
sidered in catalogue se<iuence. Where all 
are picked works it must be understood that 
all are worthy of attention, yet in the short 
space at our disposal we are only able to 
select a few for special notice. No. 4, 
■ \'irgin and Child, with S.\ints." is an 
example of exceedingly early Italian work 
of a decorative character, the figures being 
conventional and stitHy posed, yet perfectly 
suitable for such a i)urpose as an altar- 
piece, for which it was apparently designed. 
The background is of gold, with ornaments 
stamped on it, as was often done at earlier 
periods on illuminations. The painting is 
contained in a pointed frame, cusped and 
crocketed. No. 7, " Salvator Muudi," by 
Albert I Hirer, is entirely different from much 
of this master's work. He is usually forcible 
to e.xcess. but in this instance has developed 
an e.xtreme delicacy both of manipulation 
and of colour. It is said to have been painte 1 
while the artist was in Venice, and it is 
even conjecturei that it is by the hand of a 

\ enetian who was attempting to work in 
Diirer's manner, rather than in his own. The 
picture is a half-tigure <>\ the Saviour, 
holding an orb in His l.ft hand, while 
His right is rai.sod in the attitude of 
blessing. No. .s, "Portrait of the I'ainter," 
by Sir .Vntonio More, in spite of its early date 
(for the artist died in LIH^s is an evidently 
tine ])ortrait. An excellent head surmounts 
a stitHy-posed figure, and exhibits au appa- 
rently habitual expression of boredom, at 
which one would hardly be surprised if one 
had to live one's life encased in a high rufi 
collar. No. 2s, "The Toilet of Venus," by 
(xiovanni Bellini, is a typical example of 
flesh colouring. No. '^il, " La Madonna Dei 
Candelabri," ascribed, though not with 
any certainty, to Raphael, is. as might 
be expected, a wonderful exani2)le of rich 
colour, toning, and perfection »i finish. 
The ^'irgin unfortunately has a somewhat 
expressionless face, but this may possibly 
have been deliberately done by the artist in 
order to throw the child more into prominence. 
This delightfully delicate painting has been 
badly framed, too much ornament being 
introduced in the spandrils — for the i)icture 
is circular and the outside of the frame is 
square. It would have been far better if 
these had not been gilt. No. 33, " Virgin 
and Child, and Saint John," by Perino del 
Vaga, is a very similar subject to that of 
No. 29, but if the N'irgin is more human, 
the colouring is less rich. Nos. .'iS and 42, 
"Sea Pieces," bj' Jacob van Ruysdael, ex- 
hibit similar characteristics of a sky of many 
planes and a w'onderful gradation of tone 
occupying the gi'eater i)art of the canvas, 
above a rough sea upon which a few fishing 
boats are making heavy weather. These 
are merely introduced to give life to paintings 
of sea and sky. No. 41, " Portrait- of the 
Painter," by Frank Hals, is a finely executed 
head of one who, if he was a great painter, 
was apparently also a great drinker. Teniers is 
represented bv (Nos. 4ti) " Fe.stive Boors,"" 
((i4) "TheQiiack Doctor," and (<59) "Pas- 
toral Scene," aU tiny pictures, and hardly of 
a character which would attract attention at 
a modern exhibition. t»f course, the detail 
is exquisite and the subjects typical of the 
day in w'hich he worked, men being shown 
dancing and drinking with pipes in hand, 
and ill-drawn dogs jumping round, many 
figures being introduced. They make excel- 
lent reproductions to magazine size, but, 
judged by the present standard, are hardly 
great paintings. It is entirely different with 
Rembrandt's work. .Almost all of his paint- 
ings were portraits, and so are all four 
at present on exhibition. They are most 
powerful pieces of work, lifesize heads with 
great contrasts of light and shade, the light 
in almost every case being thrown upon the 
left-hand side. The most important is No. .54, 
" Portrait of the Painter's Father." This 
illustrates a clever and typical face, and 
form? a rich harmony in brown and black ; 
while No. oS, " Portrait of a Woman," is 
almost equal to it, and perhaps batter known 
under the title of "Rembrandt's Cjok." 
No. .37, " View of Dort," by Albert Cuy]), 
is a large painting of a curious character. 
Seen from a ilistance, the numerous vessels 
lying alongside the quay milt away gradually 
in perspective into the distance. A 
beautiful atmospheric effect is produced, and 
there is an admirably-treated sky. It is a 
great painting, one says, and e.xpects to find 
that it is coarse in its brush treatment ; but 
close inspection shows that this is far from 
being the case. The vessels are crowded with 
stitHy-drawn figures so perfectly detailed 
that the features of each are distinguishable, 
almost to the extent of their appearing to be 
portraits, needing examination through a 
magnifying glass. It is a duplicate, and 
some say a copy by another hand, of another 
of I uyp's works, from which it differs in a 
few small details. No. ^2, 'The Burgo- 
master, Van Her tiiitcb,'' by Van Dyck, is 



Tax. 11, 1907, 

a very different painting from the class of 
thing which one usually associates with ^'an 
Dyck's name : and again the authenticity of 
thework is generally considered to be doubtful, 
as the date, lii29, iseai'ly. It is a piece of perfect 
portraiture, with none of the eccentricities 
and over-leanness which he indulges in when 
treating religious subjects. Similarly No. G.5, 
" Ilercules and Antii-us," by Eubens, is far 
from being a typical painting. It is quite 
small, and not particularly pleasing : b)it 
Kubens' other picture. No. 104, " ('hrist 
Eisen," is quite in accordance with his usual 
style, and a very fine example of it. No. 72, 
"Cathedral," by Ilendrik C. van der Vliet, 
calls for attention here simply on account of 
its subject ; but it is safe to say that there is 
no such cathedral in existence. The interior 
shows an ugly white building such as is 
common in the Netherlands : but the archi- 
tectural mixture of French 14th-century 
capitals on loth-century piers, carrying 
17th-century arches, with a 17th-century 
clerestory above, containing 14th-centurj' 
traceiy, is as complete a jumble as we have 
ever seen, equalled only in badness by the 
utter impossibility of the perspective. 

There are a considerable number of Gains- 
borough's portraits in Gallery No. 3, some of 
them . on an heroic scale. Except for their 
colouring they are none of them too pleasing. 
The men are of a bloated typo and spoi-ting 
character, while the women have almost in- 
variably unduly elongated necks, as if they 
had at some period of their career experi- 
enced an acquaintance with the hangman. It 
is to be supposed that their slimness was neces- 
sary to counteract the apoplectic tendencies 
of their hvisbands. If this work is compared 
with that of Sir T. I;awrenco, for example, 
as in No. 80, "Pinkie,'' it is certainly not to 
the advantage of Gainsborough. The great 
President of the Academy, with a plain child 
as his subject, proluced a picture of remark- 
able beauty, with easy flowing drapery in 
light harmonious tints standing up in a most 
graceful attitude against a sky which har- 
monises with the figure both in line and 
colour. It is even better work than anything 
by Sir Joshua Reynolds which is exhibited on 
this occasion, of which No. 89, " Portrait of 
Baroness Dacre," is perhajis the best, though 
it partakes too much of (Tainsborough's style. 
No. 88, "Portrait of Sir(ieorge Sinclaii','' 
by Sir Ilenry Paeburn, is another oxamjjle 
01 colour harmonj' between portrait and 
sky, reds and yellows being lavishly used. 
Another Reynolds, No. 9(), "Portrait of 
Countess Spencer and her daughter the 
Duchess of Devonshire," may bo picked out 
as an unusually fine painting, and so may 
No. 97, " La Marechal do Muys." In both 
cases prominence is given to the eyes, and 
much attention devoted to the lace. No. li:3, 
"Burning of the Houses of Parliament," by 
J. M. W. Tiu-ner, is the best known of his 
paintings now on \iew. It shows old 
Westminster Bridge with its naiTOw arches, 
as seen from the Surrey side, while the (dd 
Houses iif Parliament were blazing in the 
distance, and thevo is the effect of a surging 
crowd in the foreground, and of many boats 
upon the river. The ascending flames and 
their reflection in thiO sk}' form just such an 
atmosphere as Turner loved to delineate, and 
to develop in an imaginative way not always 
consistent with absolute truth to nature. 
No. 124, "Marchioness of Hertford," by 
John Hoppner, attracts by its display of 
brilliant colour, the large blue bow in front 
of the hat being daringly introduced, yet bj* 
no means clashing with the generally 
delicate tone gradations. The best picture 
in Gallery No. 4, however, is No. l.'il, 
"Chelsea Pensioners Reading the AVaterloo 
Despatch," by Sir David AYilkie. Seen from 
a distance it is recognised as a composition 
painting of the very highest rank, but to 
most people it appeals on account of the tale 
which it tells, and the portraits it .contains of 
many an old soldier greeting with joy the 

receipt of the news of Waterloo. No. 138, 
"Edward Wortley Montague," by George 
Romney, is powerful and small, the long 
bearded head being shown surmounted with 
an Eastern turban. 

Of all the galleries. No. o is the most 
attractive, and many of the pictures contained 
in it are well known to middle-aged and 
elderly people who have seen them on the 
same walls before. Strangel}- enough it is 
not the best known men who on the present 
occasion come out most prominently, with the 
exception of Lord Leighton. His " Syra- 
cusan Bride Leading Wild Animals for 
Sacrifice to the Temple of Diana "' declares 
emphatically that a very great decorative 
painter was lost when he died . It is a highly- 
imaginative piece of work, the bride leading 
a lioness, and being preceded and followed bj' 
a train of maidens bearing offerings, and ac- 
companied by wild animals. The ex- 
quisite pose and sense of line are only 
comparable with the beautiful colour har- 
monies and the pearly melting effect of 
atmosphere in the distance. No. 14S, "Deer 
Forest in Skye," by Horatio Mct'uUoch, is sax 
example of a great work by a little-known 
man. The sky is simply magnificent in its 
gradation of great contrasts, a golden sunset 
breaking through dark clouds, and giving an 
effect of infinite distance, emphasised by dark 
shadows in the foregi'ound, and a small jjiece 
of bright reflected light in the dark pool of 
water. No. l.jl, " Landscape," by J. C. 
Wintour, is almost equally good in its atmo- 
sphere and distance, the view being taken 
looking up a rocky and wooded gorge through 
which a rixer flows ; but it needs a large 
gallery for its proper appreciation. The 
finest of all, however, is No. 157, " Edin- 
burgh from the Canal," by Sam Bough, 
supreme in atmosphere and daring, with the 
sun in obscured glare shining through a mist, 
while the castle stands out in middle distance, 
and the canal and its barges are stronglj' 
shown in the front. No. 16.j, "The 
Hareem," by John P. Lewis, is notable mainly 
for its wonderful technique and marvellous 
mushrabiyeh work in the windows. 

There are a number of black-and-red 
chalk drawings by George Dance in the 
Water ( "olour Rooms, representing early 
members of the Royal Academy. Some of 
these may have been clever and estimable 
men ; but if one may judge from these 
portraits one woiild say that most of them 
were rogues. Sir William Chambers, for 
example, may have been a great architect, 
but he appears to have been haixlly the man 
to trust with more than sixpence, while 
James Wj-att looks as if he loved his port 
wine more than his drawing-board, (jf the 
real water colours attention may well be 
given to No. 189, "Porta Delia Carta, 
Venice," by Samuel Prout. It is an ex- 
ceedingly typical piece of this artist's work 
in his very best manner, showiiig the well- 
known enti'ance to the Iloge's Palace and its 
most elaborate detail with unusual perfection 
and correctness. Another really fine piece 
of contrasted colouring is No. 200, " Boy 
with Candle," by AVilliaui Hunt: while No. 
20'), "The Standard Bearer," by Sir John 
Gilbert, much more brilliant, would perhaps 
be more attractive to most people. A number 
of Turner's water colours complete the ex- 
hibition, but they cannot be considered by 
any means to rank amongst his best. Most 
of them are mere sketches, which rise no 
higher than the level of pretty picture 


THE seventh exhibition of the Interna- 
tional Society of Sculptors, Painters, and 
Engravers, now bi'iugheld in the New Gallery, 
might very well have been defeiTed «• '"• ''"', for 
all the good that it will do; To say that the 
jiaintings are generally bad is hartUy to do them 
discreditenough, forthey arealmost invariablj- 

lacking in artistic .spirit, inspiration, atmo- 
sphei-e, and all other arti.stic (jualities save 
that of gorgeous colouring. Their inspection 
is a trying ordeal to even the comparatively 
untrained, and it may be safely said that 
scarcely one of the whole collection would be 
accepted for exhibition at the Royal Academy. 
There is one good portrait. No. 13(), "Mrs. 
James Buckley," by A. Ne\en du Mont, in 
the West Room, quiet and harmonious, though 
it is not a work of genius, and in the North 
Room there are two pictures which at least 
possess some merit, — Nos. 218, "The Clyde," 
by 1). Y. CannTon, and22.JA, "The Archer," 
by Hans Thoma — the latter a fine .ujiright 
■ figure, statuesque in character, almost nude, 
and standing out against a well-planned sky 
as he points his arrow upwards. There are 
some better things amongst the etchings and 
pastel drawings in the South Room, and the 
best of these arr undoubtedly the original 
sketches by Professor (jerald Moira for the 
lunettes in the Central Criminal Court, ( >kl 
Bailey, done in ( rouache. These are ex- 
tremely interesting, especially when mentally 
compared with the finished work, showing 
that e\ en to this small scale a brilliant touch 
and a generosity of handling such as are 
not often seen. Many of the drawings in 
this room are well executed, though several] 
are faulty in their perspective. Mr. Max 
Klinger, in Nos. 2G to 31, exhibits a scries 
of very tine etchings ; but, unfortunately, 
the subjects are of a terrible, unheal th}', 
and morbid nature, as are those delineated 
general!}' throughout the exhibition. The 
onl}' pleasing reflection when seeing such 
work is that it is not English. 

It is quite a pleasure to turn from the 
paintings and drawings to the sculpture in 
the central hall, which, if not, as a rule, of 
the verj' highest order, is, at anj' rate, un- 
objectionable. Some of the best things have 
ah'ead}- been seen in the Royal Academy — 
notably No. 26o, " A\'ar," by Bertram 
MacKonnal, which is now shown in bronze : 
and No. 2.'i4 , ' ' Madonna. " by the same sculptor, 
now reproduced to a much smaller scale than 
the original, and losing thereby to a very great 
extent. The place of honour is given to No. 
281, "Murder," by Jef. Lambeaux. This- 
is on a monumental scale, powerfully exe- 
cuted, but far too realistic and horrible 
a subject, horribly treated. Prince Paul 
Troubetzkoy exhibits a number of sculptures. 
Nos. 240 to 24N, varying in size from quite 
small bronzes up to a fuU-size figure. Tht 
best of these is No. 240, " Fille et Chien," a 
life-size representation. The child is kneeling, 
and cai'BSsing the dog's head, the animal 
being admirably rendered ; but most of hif 
others are a trifle vulgar and distinctly 
modern, these characteristics being most 
aggressively displayed in his princij>al and 
largest work. No. 247, " Portrait du Prince 
GaHtzin." The only piece of pure sculi>ture 
of a really high order is No. 229, " The 
Immemorial Mother," by David Mcd'-ill. 
about half full size. The woman is shown 
as a tall figure with outstretched arms, 
and the child stands immediately in 
front of her knees in an attitude which 
copies his mother's, even to the posi. 
of the head, though it is just relieved by a 
different turn of the arms. The mother's 
drapery in long, vertical lines is extremeh" 
gracpful. Needless to say, it is not the work 
of a foreign artist. 

One exhibit in this hall, however, almost 
makes up for all the rest, particularly from 
the architectural point of view. This is a 
hanging lamp suspended from the ceiling, 
which has been executed b_y jNIr. H. Wilson 
for the Cathedral of Saragossa, in Spain. 
Most of it is in bronze, some portions of the 
upper part of the chain being gilt, while the 
actual lamp itself is of silver. Just above 
the lamp is a large bronze ring carrying six 
monkish figures, and fi'om this the design 
tapers up in conical form like a crown, sur- 
moimted by figures of the Yirgin and Child. 

Jan. 11, 1907. 



Had proper means i>t' suspensiuii been pro- 
vided, however, it would have been better, 
for there is something arti.stifully wrong in 
hanging a heavy lamp from the N'ii'gin'.s 


A LL draughtsmen who are accustomed to 
-iTX making large perspectives understand 
well the advantages of employing the contro- 
linead for obtaining con\ergent lines to 
points of sight or vanishing points which lie 

outeide the drawing-board : but there are a 
large number of younger and less experi- 
enced men to whom the instrument is com- 
paratively unknown. They rarely make 
perspective drawing.^, or, when they do. 
employ the old-fashioned method, so mani- 
pulating their drawing as to bring all points 
.to which lines radiatr within the limits of 
the board or table on which they work. In 
■the event of this being impossible under the 
particular circumstances of any individual 
case, they are dri\en to the expedient of 
working upon an extremely large Hat table. 
Of even upon the floor. If they have heard 
■of the centrolinead, and manage to get hold 
of one (and it may be mentioned in paren- 
thesis it is not a very costly article to 
purchase), they are as far from a solution of 
their problem as ever, knowing nothing of 
the method cif working it. A reference to 
Fig. 1 would show that the instrument is 
somewhat similar to a T-square, but has 
two cross-arms instead of one, radiating and 
revolving from the centre point shown as E 
in the first positii>n and !•' in the second. To 
this centre point the ujiper edge of the long 
arm is immediately directed." The instru- 
ment is shown for lines which radiate towards 
the left : but it can be reversed by remo\ing 
the metal plate which connects the three arms 
and replacing it upon their other side, for 

an absolute essential. In the first position 
the instrument is shown with its long arm 
lying with its upper edge coincident to one of 
these predetermined radial lines, with the 
point E — that is, the centre of the metal plate 
— exactly above the pin Fj, for which there is 
room owing to the thickness of the arms. The 
lower short arm E F is now brought into 
position, so as to lie along and touching the 
two pins ]•; and F, and i.s then clampefl. 
This being done, the instrument is placed in 
the second position with the upper edge of 
the long arm coincident with the lower of the 
two radial lines and point F in the centre of 
the plate immediately ovei- pin F. The upper 
of the short arms, hitherto loose, is now 
brought so as to touch the pin at E and 
clamped. Both arms are now clamped in 
position, and it will be found that if the 
instrument bo shifted so that pins I] and F 
are kept in touch with the backs of the short 
arms, radial lines can be drawn along the 
upper edge of the long arm, such as will meet 
in the centre, however distant it may be, to 
which the originally drawn radial lines have 
been set down. The pins, it !nay be said, are 
of special construction to pei-mit of this revo- 
lution of the centrolinead round them, and 
are always supplied with the instrument. 

The only further difficulty in the way of 
the draughtsman is to determine the first 
two radial lines to a point which lies outside 
the drawing-board. Fig. 2 shows an easy 
method of doing this Vhen the point of sight 


~s ^^ IE /B, — x: 





KDae OF PP.WI^fi VOA\(Q 

whioh arrangements are made. The two shorter 
arms can be brought together or opened at 
will, being fixed in position by the small 
screws shown working in the annular slots of 
the metal plate. In order to set it correctlv 
two radial lines have to b? first determined, 
and a point E fixed in the upper and F in the 
lower. As a general rule, E and F are either 
vertically above one another or in the same 
horizontal line : but this is theoreticallv not 

noTTan OF Bea^p 

is inaccessible. It has been determined, let 
us say, that it is to lie in the line E A, and 
distant therefrom (iOft. to the quarter scale, 
that is loin. ; but the edge of the board 
occurs at Oin. from li, and the point of sight, 
therefore, does not lie on the board. If, 
however, one-third of l.jin. (that is 5id.":. be 
set down from E to A, and any distatice E B 
be laid out on the plan of the picture plane, a 
lino B A can be drawn which will be jiarallel 
to the true radial line drawn from ( ' to the 
point of sight, if E V be made three times 
E B. The parallelism may be obtained 
either by means of the parallel ruler, or the 
T and set-siiuare, or by drawing a horizontal 
line A I) through A, making A I) ^ B ( ', 
and joining <_' D. These lines are shown on 
the left-hand side, but similar lines L\ I >, are I 
shown on the right-hand oide also. The 
jioints ll and ll, will be those in which the 
pins would be fixed for working the centro- 
linead. the long arm being ranged along D L' 
for the first position, and along D, C'l for the 
second position. 

A somewhat similar construction illustrated 
in Fig. .'J will enable inaccessible vanishing 
points to be obtiJiied. II A represents the 
distance of the point of sight in advance of 
the picture plane, and if this point be on the 
board the method of procedure is exceed- 
ingly easy, il B being taken X or J, or any 
smaller proportion as may be necessary, of 

II A in this case one-third. If a line is 
drawn through B, paiallel to the lines on the 
plan of the building, whoso pmspeotivo re- 
presentations converge towards the left, 
meeting the hoi-i/.ontal line at C, point C 
would then bo the vanishing point if B were 
the point of sight ; and a line parallel to it 
through A will-be the vanishing point if Abe 
the ])oint of sight. If such a line be drawn, 
anj- point in it, such as D, just inside the 
edge of the board, may be fixed upon as that 
at which the pin D must be located. If A as 
well as the vanishing point be outside the 
board, then the parallel lino to B C is obtained 
by setting down a line F (j- from any point in 
B C, parallel and equal to D. The line 
D G- is then a radial line to the left-hand 
vanishing point, and a similar line on the 
other side of the horizon line can easily be 
detennined by making CE = CI), and 
similarly throwing oft' other ordinates from 
the horizon line upwards, equal to other 
downward ordinates D •'} or I) A. Radial 
b'nes . to a distant right-hand vanishing 
jioint may, of course, be found in a jirecisely 
similar manner. . - . ' 


TH F, nomenclature of our educational authori- 
ties does not eiT on the side of over-modesty, 
and a " science clasaroom." oftener than not, is a 
place where: little teaching is attempted, save of 
physiis and, chemistry. But perhaps it may prove 
convenient in the long run to have given the 
"Science and Art" department a title wide 
enough to cover nearly all that men can ever find 
out, as well as nearly all they can ever design or 
make. As yet we are only amongst the beginnings, 
and the usual problem, so far. is merely to provide 
in secondary schools some rooms in which the 
elements of physics and chemistiy can conveniently 

be taught. . -■ • ~ 

itphyeical laboratory and a chemical one must 
aim 1st -necessarily occupy two separate rooms: 
and- a small, -but well-lighted, apartment is also 
needed for balances and other delic-ate apparatus, 
which would soon be spoilt by fumes and vapours. 
Abundance of light, in fact, is a necessity in the 
science-rooms, for here, if anywhere, students 
must learn to use their eyes. Xaturally a toji 
Hoor is convenient, and, moreover, this, if the 
looms are lighted from .above, allows the walls to 
be left free for shelves and lupboards. The 
aiTangements of a for science teaching are 
not quite so completely cut and dried as those for 
ordinary worlc. Each different master has his 
own ideas and his own pet subjects, and here 
consequently real training of a student's faculties, 
instead of mere cramming for examinations, may 
be expected to go on. 

As an example of what used to be done not 
long ago, we may describe the chemical laboraton,' 
at the Cowper-street school for boys. The room is 
nearly scpiare about 3.5ft. by :!'2ft,', and is for:i4 
students. At one end is the demonstration-table 
on a low platfoi-m. At the opposite end is a 
windowless wall containine; two fume-cupboards 
or hoods with their vontilating-tluos. 'The two 
sides of the room are nearly filled with windows, 
and at those windows there is placed on each side 
a long table for students. Four other tables run 
across the middle of the room, with space enough 
at each end of them for people to pass. At each 
end of the room, wherever space can be spared, 
the walls are occupied by shelves and cupboards, 
and there is a separate; fume-cupboard near the 
platform for the demonstrator's use. The science 
block at Felstead School, Essex, was ingeniously 
planned by the science master there to make the 
mo-it of all the available space. This forms an 
oblong buildins;, narrow in proportion to its 
length, and divided into three nearly square 
apartmunt.s. The middle one is the iccture-hall. 
with a raised platform facing the seats. To the 
left is the laboratory with a small balance-room 
opening out of it. To the right is a special 
physical laboratory, a small optical-room, and a 
workshop and also stores and cupboards. Outside 
this end is a bottle-room, and a couple of .-icetylene 
sjenerators. The whole arrangement is compact, 
inexpensive, and convenient. 

The trovernment regulations allow 3ft. Gin. 
in width for each student. The older students, 
however, will need more, say. 4ft. Gin. each. A 
water-tap should, if possible, be placed midway 



Jan. 11, 1907. 

between each two students, and this tap should ' in position. For this ■purpose two blocks are 
stand over a sink. Each student requires a gas-jet used : one firmly screwed to the underside of the 
of his own : and his bench will he about 2ft. Sin. i bottom, and another bolted to this above, which 
from back to front. To allow the teacher to pass ■ surrounds and clamps the pipe. The space be- 
freely behind, the benches should be at least i tween the waste-pipe and the hole in the blocks 
■1ft. liin. apart. In the most reijent science class- [ through which it passes has to be well filled in 
rooms fewer sinks are used than were formerly I with pitch. Such sinks can be made of any size, 
thought necessary, when there was much ' and they need no plumber to fix them. For 
analytical chemistry to be done, and much di-ains, U-shaped channels in the concrete floor 
washing out of test-tubes in consequence. Now are recommended, lined with good Portland 
there are two kinds of working benches in use — cement, and tarred when quite dry. They should 
those for ordinary work, and those requiring the have wooden oover-plates, and should come out- 
use of water. The latter are best when covered side the benches, so that every part is accessible. 

with lead. The others should be coated with 
paraffin-wax, ironed in with a common flat-iron. 
Oil is of no avail as a protection against chemicals. 
The lead-covered bench, or table- top, should have 
the lead dressed neatly over its edge, and a stout 
hardwood bead, rising Mn. higher, should be 
screwed against it as a margin. At < 'hrist's 
Hosjiital Schools, now removed to Horsham, the 
s'nks in the upper rooms are placed near to the 
walls, and the waste is carried down by pipes tired 
in chases. This school, designed by Sir Aston 
AVebb, R.A., contains, perhaps, the completest 
and most advanced set of science workshops yet 
built in England for secondary-school work. 

About fittmgs on the working tables there are 
some differences of opinion. i>r. Armstrong, I 
F.K.S., prefers to get rid as far as possible of 
all ' ' top hamper, ' ' and to let the work be done 
at clear tables. What he prefers at the tables is 
plenty of working space. To obtain the indis- 
pensable gas-jet which each pupil requires for his I 
work, an upright length of jin. iron barrel is 
securely fixed to the table, half a yard back from 
its margin, and at an interval of about a yard 
fi'om the next one. measured down the length of 
the table. T'P'^c^^s fo'' J'l- gas-taps are let into 
each of the, uprights a few inches above the table, 
and the upiights are then continued up to receive 
the gas sup]>ly, which comes 
ceiling. If the uprights are also connected by 
horizontal pipes, it is evident that a sort of 
scaffolding resting on each table has been arrived 
at. and that this scaffolding may be used to carry 
show' shelves and siinilar contrivances which can 
readily be cleared away when not in use. Sir ! 
William Abney, F.R.S., is inclined rather to 
retain fixed shelves and other '* top-hamper" on 
the tables : largely, it would appear, because of 
its protection to the eyes of the students on one 
side of a table from the casual squirting of 
corrosive fluids into their faces by the students : 
opposite. Apparently, however, some simpler 
and more effectual safeguard from casualties of 
this sort might be devised than the accidental 
shelter afforded by shelves and apparatus placed 
between a student and his lis-ri-ris. At the 
Christ's Hospital School, Hertford (designed by Mr. 
Stenning), a water bench is placed between and 
parallel with two working benches, so that each 
pupil can turn at once from one bench to the 
other ; and this is perhaps as simple and workable 
an arrangement as has so far been devised. 

Each pupil wants a place, which need not often 
be a large one, for storing such apparatus as he 
personally has charge of. As successive relays of 
pupils occupy the same laboratory, or, as it is 
now the fashion to call it, the same ' ' workshop, ' ' 
a good many such places are wanted. At Hor- 

Every year, at least, they should be well cleaned 
and, when dry, retarred. Every architect may 
wish that a drainage system as cheap and as easily 
ke]it in order could be devised for his ordinary 


A Dkt.^cheii Kesiiiesc k Meam hki) anu Billed. 

By the Author of '• Estimating," &c.* 

PECIFICATKIN of work and materials 
required in the erection and completion of a 
detached residence at Chelsea. 



The work and materials are to be the best of 
their respective kinds and to the approval of the 

The materials delivered on the site are to be 
considered the property of the employer, and the 
contractor must not move any without the written 
consent of the architect. 

The contractor is to provide scaffolding, tools, 

sheds, &c. , necessary for the proper performance 

of the works, and to be responsible for the same 

during and throughout the progress of the works 

dow"n "rom "the ' and clear away at the completion 

The contractor is to insure the works from 
damage by fire in the - Insurance (i-'ompany 
to the full extent of the contract sum in the joint 
names of the employer and himself, until the 
work is delivered over complete. 

The contractor is to state in his tender the time 
he requires to complete in. 

The contract will be in the form agreed on by 
the Royal Institute of British Architects and the 
Builder's Institute, and the contractor will be 
supplied with one copy of diawings and specifica- 

The contractor will be paid at the rate of 80 
per cent, of the value of the woik as it proceeds, 
10 per cent, at completion, and the balance six 
months after completion. 

No variations from the drawings or specifica- 
tion will be permitted without an order in writing 
from the architect, and no extra work will be 
paid for unless ordered by the architect in 

An arbitration clau.M' will be inserted in the 

The contractor must give all notices to the 
district surveyor and local and other authorities, 
and pay their fees and supply any plans, tracings, 
or other particulars req\iired. 

The contractor is to provide water for the 
works, and all necessary storage and plumbing. 
- . ,,,-,,,...,.,. ,1 The employer reserves the right to provide or 

sham, and also at Hertford, they take the form of , jg^^j^.^ ^^^.^ „j, ^^^„^g marked provisional, 
small cupboards, each having a drawer inside it, : r^f^^ contractor must k(!ep on the work a c, 

simile of his estimate, and give it up on signing 
the contract. 

The work is to be done to the true intent and 
meaning of the drawings and specification, and to 
the satisfaction of the architect. 

-Ml the work must be cairicd out in accordance 
with all Building -Vets and rules of all local 

The contractor is to make good the paving and 
road at completion. 

The contractor is to protect all the work during 
frosty weather, and make good all defects. 

The contractor is to hoard-in the site properly, 
including gates, fans, returns, footway for public, 
and rails. 


These will be deducted in part or the whole if 
not expended, and the amounts chargeable will be 
net ones after deduction of all tiade discounts, and 
the net amount will have ten per cent, added as 
profit for the contractor, on the amount expended. 

Provide forfence walls, iV:c., the sum of £80. 

Provide for stoves and chimnevpieces the sum 
of i70. 

Provide for speaking-tubes the sum of .i'5, fixed 

Provide for ventilation the sum of £o. 

Provide for extra works £50. 


The contractor is to take up and remove all old 
di'ains, cesspits, or cesspools found on tho site, 
and fill in solid with concrete, and to clear away 
all trees and shrubs. 

The foundations must be kept free from water 
throughout the contract. 

The contractor must provide all requisite 
strutting to excavations or trenches. 

The contractor must take out and remove any 
old walls, footings, conciete, Arc. that come in 
the way of the work. 

The subsoil is believed to be sand and gravel, 
but no excavation must be made for it beyond 
what is shown and necessary for the building ; 
and it is doubtful whether the depths shown will 
go beyond the line of sand. 

Excavate for the building to the depths and 
dimensions shown. 

All the mould to be wheeled to the back for 
garden purj-oses, and all other earth, &c., 
excavated to be carted away. 

The trenches for concrete and the excavated 
surfaces to be well rammed. 

Fill in over footings to levels shown, and well 

The concrete is to be of Dorking greystone 
lime, ground and mixed with six parts of stone 
ballast and one of sand, well-watered, mixed, and 
thrown into the trenches, and carefully levelled 
on top. 

The whole of the site inclosed by the walls is 
to be covered with liin. of Portland cement 
concrete. The cement to be from un approved 
maker, and properl)' cooled befoie used, and 
mixed with six of stone ballant and one of sand, 
and left perfectly level on surface. 

and there are four such cupboards for every place 
at the bench or table. At Horsham their fronts 
come almost vertically below the table - edge, 
which looks in the photograph as if it would be 
inconvenient. At Hertl'onl they are set back Gin. 

Dr. .\rmstrong has some good practical advice I 
to give about sinks and drains in science class- j 
rooms. He finds earthenware sinks very liable to 
be broken, and almost certain to break fragile 
things which happen to be dropped into them. 
Sinks lined with lead are better, but not perfect, 
and after 30 years' experience he has come to the 
conclusion that wooden sinks are the best. But 
they must be built up solidly, without dovetailed 
joints, and must be kept from getting dry by 
having the mouth of their waste-pipe raised 4in. 
or so above the bottom of the sink. It is rather 
surprising to hear that American " white wood " 
answers well for them. One would have ex- 
pected a harder wood to wear better. 
There should be no joints in the sides 
or the bottom. All the surfaces sliould be 
painted with thin coal-tar befcjrc they are put 
together : both the inside and outside Icing coated 
in this way. The top of th(! Wiiste-pipc should 
be somewhat enlarged, and must be sti ongly held 

pefent foreman throughout the contract, and any 
orders gi\en to him shall be considered given to 
the contractor, and the architect shall have full 
power to discharge the foreman or any workmen 
if in his opinion they are incompetent or miscon- 
ducting themselves. 

All rubbish must be removed from time to time 
as the work progiesses and at the completion, and 
the premises must be left clean, the floois scrubbed, 
windows cleaned, ^c. 

The contractor has to attend on all trades in all 
tiades, including electric lighting, bells, •.^c, and 
making good after. 

The contractor is to make good all damage to 
roads, other premises, or the publii-, or anyone 
claiming under the Employers' Liability .\ct. 

The employer does not agree to acce]it the 
lowest or any tender. 

The contractor is to maintain the works for six 
months after the date of i^rtificatc <4 comple- 

The contractor will receive a copy of the 
quantities, and he will have to affix to it all 
prices, extensions, costs, &c., to make it a fac- 

' All right? reserved by the author. 

The Royal Military College at Sandhurst is to be 
enlarged at an estimated outlay of £JOO,0()0. 'The 
Indian military establishment will bear a portion 
of the charge. 

There have been under contract and construction 
in Canada in I'JOli :),:5U miles of lailway. This, ■ 
together with the new eiiuipment, represents an ex- 
penditure on Canadian railways of over £12,400,000. 

The Haslingden Board of Guardians are con- 
sidering a scheme for building a new infirmary at 
the workhouse, at an estimated cost of f27,415. 

At .St. Cuthbeit's Church, Allendale, the Thomas 
Chatt memorial clock has been dedicated. It has 
three dials, and chimes the Cambridge quarters. 
Messrs. J. B. Joyce and Co.. ot Whitchuicb, Salop, 
were the makei's. 

Sir Alexander Kencedy, in his leport to the 
electric-lighting committee of Kdinbuigh Corpora- 
tion oil the proposals for obtaining water for con- 
densing purposes, points out that the saving by 
condensation would be the same for any ot the 
schemes ; but as the sewer scheme is considerably 
less in capital cf st than the others, while the cost of 
pumping would be relatively small, ihe economy by 
It would be much larger than in any ot the other 
schemes. He, theief'oie, recommends the adoption 
of the fewer scheme. The sewer scheme could be 
carried out much more quickly than any of the 
others. He recommends the adoption of a scheme 
of exhaust turbines, with condensers. The total 
cost of the scheme for 4,800 kilowatts will be 

Jaxi 11, 1907. 



^1 ^ 




•Jas. 11, 1907, 





-,ruu3«fi:nmnf u-wr. : — " Iam> (vwliud planAer. 
Mid karin^ 11154 jx&rted basineas mmied to °et on 
the autii>ris?<a lisi ,•£ 'phimbars in this town. I 
applied to the v-at> r engineer, a&d he toM metkit 
ihe vjuer <;v:<mTiuttee bad passed a rasolntioa that 
all plnicbei* icijst hat« a n^^tieied oertifieab- 
t*fore tbey were pat oa the list. He cob- 
laittee v^re co: avan' that the cmtificatei 
were got othenrise than by esamioaljtvzi. I 
prot«d to the comnittee But 6>r c<em&(ate° 
were got by psyin^ t»T> smnaas. and da; ii 
a Baa paid rv-eniy goiiMas it vcnld no>: stake 
him aBT nMre eSoenu I als>:< paist«id oat 
dat tdiey had imnnwwgas aad boildaR <n 
the Est. who ««i« ootsiiie flip platabog trade 
aliogetter. TlteT ha<<e Iktse on the list who «re 
aot, in my c^iiiuan. piactieai men. bM at Che 
same time tiler haT« certificates statii^ that diey 
ars^nalified pnctical plumbers. These they hai% 
'Obtamed by paying two goiaeas. and under :': ^ 
<an.ii taw 135 -what ose would a oatifieatie 
^? ^niey hare thrae widows oo the list. -sr^. . 
haahMMJs were aaiSxwised. I prored to ttiem liu: 
I Imd not waited at any other tmde since I wa^ 
sBteen yeius oid^ andtfaat I hare had fiTie yieais' e:<( - 
ptnenoe as a joamqrman. I ako pntdnoed thi«e 
Tfrtrmtwiiili from »»«^»'«^ in tfas town. .- i 
<iitiiiil to itimiai liati. my eSciency in dxi; 
-iMfcA<9. or report all w^jjofas to dtea fee ^i: v 
iMgfli of time ther mi^t lequire. so Qiat my 
'^Mik mig^t be in^ectted. AH this was difcassed 
at« ooauDittee meetii^. Sotae membs^ f -Might 
hard tor nae, aad tha^^t I had a peafect right to 
Ve«n the H^ : bat the majoritv wersAgainst me. 
afedaUthe satis&KCian I got 'was that they had 
pasad a reolataoB. and tiai fiiey did adi want to 
^Ifnrt&om it." 

'WHiSSE two pirns ot tins very ooms^iicaaaas 
X boildiag. c^ which we pohl^ked Uk troat 
!■■ Fnday, wene aowdted ant owin? to pr^soie 
«a oar 9*oe K the JSnunvr. Xews doohle 
mmber. vTe giTe the pbiB tii>-day, and most 
refer oar peadeis to 1^ desiaiptiaa printed with 
ihe exterior. The Giande L>imge or inner 
gaidea qiud giv^ distinctian to the baiMio^. a$ 
weD ^ tdMioagfaly ample lighting ]» aM its 
-sewenl depaitmeais. The gnnd diung-haH will 
be ooe of the moat extenaTp in LondoB, and the 
pnntte dining saloon will be ooe <^ the best. 
Ihe street lerei is derated to sbo^ Below, .^ 
grille aad rastawmny kaTia^ an apprmcli iEns: 
Jkldwydk. maCts a fine featn? in' the air^Kme. 
wifcfc is being lapidlr erecticid. Messrs^ A. 
ifaishaU 3[ad»Bzie. .\.Ii..&_A.. and Sua are the 



4 T a sneetins of the BiT!B™.:r>«.= . 

in tise i-taSr. Mi, Aniijr I'^ 
tcctar^ Edaoation." and > _ . 
iiessiaal edacalion wfaic'- 
Biimin^am to archisetr: 

<omp3ete ofls twio sides, ., aad me 

scieBtiSc. Hating reviewe . * now open 

to anhitectnral siadeols uv i;^r=L.agisaEi, Mr. 
Dixon rSBUifeed thai, if the atta uumm of the , 
iitilitariaa qoalilies oi : y- • '■ -llii^ 'demanifeda 
jsoj* scieoiiSr trainir _ .3Tt of tie archi- \ 

tec-:. rf»e case l^scatr. nger whei i^iv ' 

tbooght 0^ those oi:aiji:)c^ whic% had a 
spoaitaal v^bai*-:*??-. }It as»ed ** *!»?r^T!r5l " - 
be::ai^ie b-. r^i iJu- 

and misi:~ tisiir." 

«>TTM- wL;^; - .. - . — 

lixpre^oaii. It was 

the job and 

use Klg^: 
the limits : 

it w*s c . 

K- ^ 

inclndsd ^ 

-.iio« wiUi wc. -. 
r-aae tfaoroagfalv 



Mtd pia«i<* 

: maacs r 

T-.i- ,->a!d not be 
-.i. and one 

I'ajjng they really oaghtt 
reat advantage i^ach wc;" i 
r icae in cvmnectkn w;: 



. . : .:i tike 

. 'tQieraod usk^vio. and pe^r^iaps the 

"•m>l»r, it wiMild b? of T«fy graat 

I seem that oa the pnrtkai 

- in Bomingham already is 

i<-)i«c^ the caemcBts er-whst ther 

wanted. An aidiitiect on^t to havie a^ra.'. 

pncbcal familiarity widi a good many '- 

*Tr^ t« »?r? T?T»(<«s methc^is <4 &iishiR? sk^ 
i'iing, bonding, and T' 
/ snch practical £ub:. 
iheir treatment that Ui--,- =1.^.,. 
^ -lU had been for some long time 
- "ia-vr.oii :>i tltjrprotesson— tte 
J >f ancient foc«i. 
: . : :: ^*^d ^ ff -J^ ina t* 

^j_- -?ir in, wiu.-n h . ' , : r 

so3'^-- '-laitts nnsanctzr- - - 

o(«i;.a . -..-. UK sables aad »i -^v^ ■. .^-.^i: 

Einh. The ^saatial pointwas tiie co-oriinatior. 

and direction of aichitectmal stniie^ and th- 

idaal ioSatzDo would be a ^air of arcJuneiL-tii'v s,; 

the X'aifeTsity. In the i ii mi i lim ft. it woold be <i 

gieat ise if diey <«ald have a commit: -- '. 

coBsider the whate qnestaoa. — A dis. --- 


Jan. 11, 1907. 




AT the meeting of the Institution of Civil 
Engineers held on Tuesday night, Mr. 
Francis Fox read a paper on "The Simplon 
Tunnel. The author said that the chief feature 
of the route followed was the small altitude above 
sea-level. 2..3iyft. The Arlberg Tunnel had a 
maximum altitude of 4,290ft. The Simplon 
Tunnel was the longest in the world. Instead of 
one tunnel for a double line of way, it was decided 
to make two parallel single line of way tunnels 
.>5*8ft. apart connected by oblique cross passages, 
and experience had fully justified the choice of 
this method of construction, but for which it was 
likely indeed that the work would have had to be 
;ibandoned. There were many advantages arising 
from this amingement, including improved venti- 
lation, reduced pressure on the tunnel lining, in- 
creased facilities of transport and drainage during 
construction, safety in working the traffic, and 
better facilities for maintenance. The complete 
tunnel measured IGft. .5in. in width, and 
ISft. Ojin. in height above rail level, being lined 
throughout with masonry. Only one tunnel 
had been completed to the full section up to the 
present time, the second gallery being left as a 
hcading.'to be completed when the trafhc j ustified 
the expense. Ventilation during working was 
effected by means of fans, and the whole works 
were kept remarkably fresh. A\'hen hot springs 
were met with the air was cooled by means of jets 
of cold water spray, and though in the St. Guthard 
Tunnel a temperature of 93- F. proved in many 
cases insupportable, yet in the Simplon, owing to 
the excellent ventilation, a temperature of 133° 
F. was made bearable. There was a distinct 
relation between the temperature of the tunnel 
and the height of mountain above it, and he 
might point out that the Simplon reached the 
greatest depth below the surface 'if the earth at 
present on record. Work hampered on the 
Italian side through a subterranean river and hot 
springs, and it was eleven months after work on 
the Swiss side had been abandoned that workat the 
Italian end was completed. The cost of the 
tunnel was £3,200.000, which worked out at 
about £I4S per lineal yard, and the period 
occupied in construction was 6 j ye;»rs. 

Building InttlliBcnce. 


The death on the 'iSth December last, at the 
adx-anced age of 77. of Mr. George Doiisox, head 

of the firm of G. Uobson and Son, of Butt-road Blb.ntisl.vnu, N.B.— There has been during 
Works, Colchester, removes a venerable and well- the past ye:u- marked enterprise in municipal 
known figure in the building world of East building and additions to house property. The 
Anglia. A native of Colchester, Mr. Dobson totiU value of these amounts to a little over 
begiin business as far ba<k as 18.H. Among the £U,S0O. The contracts for the free library, the 
many public and private works of note carried building of which has been completed, totalled 
out by Mr. Dobson there figured some twenty £3,000, and the sum expended on the town 
church buildings and restorations, including for haU e.vtension, including the post-office, is 
.Sir G. G. Scott. St. Xicholas Church. Colchester. £2,500. Both are erected in the wide High- 
and St. Margaret's Church. Westminster internal street. The town ■ ouncil have erected on the 
restoration . For Mr. .1. (Hdrid Scott, F.S.A., beach, at a cost of £1,.)00, an ornamental build- 
■St. Albright's Church. Stanway, Essex ; Talhouse ing to be used as tea-rooms and s.»lt-water "Dath.-. 
Church, Norfolk : Buckingham Parish Church It is in line with tlie marine esplanade, and its 
internal) ; X^'ewick Church, Sussex : additions to grounds are suitable for band-p!aying and as an. 
Buckhurst HUl Church, and Coolhurst Church, | open-air cafe. 

Sussex. For Mr. T. G. Jackson, R.A.. Curd- ! ,, /■ -m 

ridge Church, Hants : restoration to Botlev Hill ■ M-*'«'he.stek,r.vl - The Dean ami 
HoLse ; Brasenose College, ( ixford. For the late ^'"^.P"'" »>"»« "^'J'f ^.'^ fro™ the north aisle of the 
Mr. James Brooks. Sf. Peter's Chureh. St. choir the memorial-slone to Sir John Huntmgton, 
Leonards -on -Sea; Palmer Tower. Chislehurst the first warden .from Mil' to U.ih, whose rebus 
Church, and manv others : and aUo new stables. -•'' huntsman with dogs in chase and a tun-.s to 
cottages to Berechurch HaU estate, new Sundav- ^"^ '*'*^" "" "^^""^ V^'' °^J^^ choir arch. The 
schools. Lion Walk Church, additions to W^slevan I ^/"^ '??* ""f , «" ""=. '"'t'"'"' "^ " large slab in 
Church, Colchester, .«ce. " i t^e middle of the choir. It was removed to the 

I vault below when the choir was paved. The* 

The death is announced at the age of over 80 of | Latin inscription, '• Domine dilexi decorem 
Mr. George Moir, at his residence at CJrange- 1 domus tu;u," is on a label proceeding from the 
town, Simderland. Mr. Moir was a builder and mouth of the figure. The brass, not being corn- 
contractor, and was regarded as the founder of ^ plete and the lettering not readable, has been sent 
Grangetown, which is now paitially within the | to London for renovation. When this work is 
borough. He carried out many important con- done the memorial wiU be placed in a mon 
tracts for the Ecclesiastical Comnoissi. mers and ! prominent position in the Cathedral. The incised 
local authoritie.s, and built Ryhope Church and 1 stone shows that the figure was once surmounted 
many properties in Grangetown, Ryhope, and | by a rich ogee canopy. The length of the slab i.- 

7ft. 6in. and width 3ft. Gin. The figure repre- 

Sunderland. Mr. Moir was a great authoritv on ' 
rights of wav, and local historv and events. 

Kugby Rural District Council have voted Mr. 
T. W. Willard, their surveyor, an honorarium of 
63 gumeas lor his services in connection with the 
sewerage scheme at Xew Bdton, which has recently 
been completed at a cost of £1,46.3. 

The wife of a Birmingham architect and surveyor 
was committed for trial at Aston on Friday on a 
charge of wounding her husband, Mr. Thomas 
Humphries, on Christmas Eve. The parties 
quarrelled about the Christmas dinner, and Mrs. 
Humphries, becoming excited, struck her husband 
with a razor. 

The St. Anne's-on-Sea Urban Council have 
abandoned a £6,000 scheme for extending the 
promenade, and have adopted a more modest pro- 
posal devised by their survevor, Mr. Gregson, and 
estimated ro cost £3,000. The sandhills are to be 
retained as they now are, but shrubs and starr grass 
are to be planted on them. A lake will run the 
entire length of the extension, and there will also be 
a rustic bridge, a fountain, and a fish pool. On the 
sandhills will be placed shelters, arbours, and 
pavilions. A bandstand with seating accommoda- 
tion for 1,000, amphitheatre stvle, is also provided 
for. A feature of the extension will be a li<»hthouse 
nsmg oOft. high out of the sandhUls with a look- 
out on the top. 

The Stockport Town CouncU have made an 
apphcation to the Local Government Board forper- 
nussion to borrow £21,000 for the completion of the 
town-hall. Tae original estimate for the buUdinf 
was £1)5.000 : but there was such a hurry to get the 
loimdation-stone laid that several items were over- 
looived. The total cost been just under £100,003. 

1 ^/"j ^1^'''"''' Latham, M.Inst.C.E., has been 
ejected President of the Institute of Sanitarv 
tagineers for the ensuing year. 

Professor Otto Benndorf, Professor of Classical 
^cbaio'ogy at the University of Vienna, has died 
ol.^*.'°v °* S'^*y-e'ght. He was well knoxvn, 
tvTiS^ """■''* °" arch.-eologieal subjects, and 

«> me excavations he conducted in Asia Minor. 

.w,^' ^^iP*" Lo™»^ has been appointed electrical 
engmeerfor the borough of Stockport at a com- 
meocmg salary of £J.iO. 

7,3^.!.^??^'°" cimmittee of the city council of 
T^n^ ..^^"^ "'^^" consideration reports from the 
m^cal oBicer of health and the corporation sur- 

nZZ Z'%'^^^'^'"^ ^ "^"^ »'^^» *»'• operations 
under the Housmg of the Working Classes Act, 1890. 


Modified plans for the proposed art school for 
Edinburgh, prepared by Mr. Dick Peddie, architect, 
in conjunction with Mr. Pottendrigh MacGillivray. 
R.S.A., have been adopted by the joint committee, 
and will be recommended to the town council for 

The partnership hitherto subsisting between W. 
Mortimer and W. M. Mortimer, architects, v^;c., 
Lincoln, and Romford, Essex, under the style of 
W. Mortimer and Son, has been dissolved ; as has 
also that between J. Lemon and J. H. Blizard, 
civil engineers, architects, \-c., Southampton, Sabs- 
bury, and Victoria-street, London, S.W., under the 
style of Lemon and Blizard. 

The ceremony of cutting the first sod of the 
Franco-British Exhibition, which is to be opened at 
Shepherd's Bush in May, 1908, took place on Friday. 
Over 140 acres of ground have been acquired, and 
the principal entrance will be in t'xbridge-road. 
Mr. G. Wimpey is the contractor for the erection of 
the buildings. 

Mr. George Simpson, architect, Delancey- street, 
' X.W., has sustained a severe bereavement in the 
' death of his wife after 12 months' illness. 

Major J. Stewart, R.E., held a Local Government 
Board inquiry at the Leyton Town -hall on Saturday 
in reference to an application by the district council 
to borrow £1,320 for the construction of a new road 

sents the warden .ittired inrhis eucharistic ^•est- 
ments. In the year 1422 the parish church of 
Jlanchester was made Collegiate, and in that year 
Sir .John Huntington built the choir and chapter- 

Henleaze, Bri;>toi.. — The Henleaze Congrega- 
tional Church, which was opened on Tuesday, is 
situate adjacent to the Conventual Schools, which 
were also acquired some time since. It has been 
designed to accommodate ,5.i0 people, and the^ 
style is Gothic of an Early type. The building is 
cruciform in plan, i-omprising nave, aisles, and 
transepts, with accompanying chancel, which is- 
Hanked north and south by vestries and organ- 
chamber. The building-stone is Pennant, with 
Bath stone dressings, and the roofs are covered 
with brown Broseley tiling. The inferior has a 
nave arcade surmounted by clerestory windows^ 
above which again is seen a close-boarded pitch- 
pine segmental roof, on Bath stone corbels. Tht- 
buildin"; has been laid throughout with patent 
wood-block flooring, and the heating is the low- 
pressure hot-water system. Chairs have been 
adopted instead of pew seating. At present the 
western tower is in an incomplete state. The 
contract has been executed by Messrs. E. Clarke 
and Sons, Fishponds. The architect is Mr. Frank 
W. Wills, F.R.I.B.A.. of BristoL 

. . .... A Local Government Board iuquirv was held at 

to the site ot a proposed bridge over the waterworks Xorth Shields on Friday into an application by the 
river at Hackney. The clerk explamed that the Tynemouth Corporation for sanction to borrow 
road IS part of a scheme for increasing the highway £G,000 for the construction of a new road from 
communication between Leyton and the Metropohs, Hawkey'a-lane to BUly Mill- lane, at the west end 
vi.i Hackney, the most direct route. Great incon- of the borough. There was no opposition, 
venience was experienced from the present round- 
about routes viii Stratford and Clapton. The 
Hackney and Leyton Councils had agreed to take 
roads to the river. Hackney having much the 
longer road to make, and it was hoped that the 
London County CouncQ would build the bridge 
across the river, the cost of which was estimated at 

Some of the leading commercial men of Coventry 
are combining to oppose the municipal buildings 
scheme which the corporation will shortly put 
t>efore the Local Government Board for their 
approval. The opposition is based on the ground 
tliat the buildings to be put up are inadequate to 
official needs, and unworthy of a city which has before them pfans from the London and South 

The Wandsworth Guardians have under considera- 
tion the proposed erection of a new workhouse 
infirmary in close proximity to the present building 
on St. John's-hill, at an estimated cost of £2-3O.O00. 
The infirmary is now greatly overcrowded, Si» 
patients having to Ue on the floor of the wards. 

Ex -Bailie James Craig, J. P.. of Deanmont, Kil- 
marnock, died on Sunday at the age of eighty-four 
yeans. He was managing director of the firm 01 
J. and M. Craig, Ltd., fireclay manufacturers. 
Hilihead, of which he was one of the original 

The Southampton Docks Harbour Board have had 

noble churches and halls in close proximity to the 
selected site. What the city council has done is to 
adopt plaus which place the corporation offices 
over a row of shops, the estimated cost of the 
scheme being £30,000. 

Mr. James Booth, joiner and builder, of Beeston- 
road, Leeds, died after a daj-'s illness on Friday, 
aged 62 years. He had been a member of the city 
councd of Leeds for the Holbeck Ward since 190i, 
and of the Holbeck Board of Guardians since 1896. 
He leaves a widow and five sons, four of whom 
were associated in basise^s with him. 

Western Railway Co. providing for the immediate 
construction of a new deep-water dock. At low 
tide the new dock will contain 40ft. of water, and 
will be the deepest basin in Europe. The dock will 
be an open one, without gates or locks, with an 
entrance 300ft. wide. 

In his annual report to the Stepney Borough 
Council, Mr. M. W. Jameson, the borough engineer. 
C4:>mplain3 that in the recommendati >ns of the 
Royal < 'ommission on l/ondon Traffic the congest* d 
thoroughfares of Stepney and the other areas in tie 
East of London have been simply ignored. 



Tan. 11. 1907. 

((Fitginccriitg i^ates. 

New Thamhs Tin-xei Kaii.w.vv. - An estimate 
of expenses in connection with the Lower Thames 
Tunnel Railwavs between Purfieet and Stone, a 
Bill for which is to be introduced during the 
forthcoming session of Parliament has just been 
issued. There are to be seven lines of railway, 
the total cost of which will be £918, 2t0. On one 
line, which is to be 4} miles long, £810.i(37 will 
be .^pent. £G;il,'2(H) being required for tunnels, 
,£:{(>. '2.''i! .is. for permanent way, sidings, and 
junctions, and £30,290 for cuttings. Bridges on 
the whole system will cost £21,.'iOO, earthworks 
£(i8,U9, culverts and drains £5,480, metalling of 
loads and level crossings t<j7.'>, permanent way. 
sidings, and junctions £65.470, contingencies \10 
per cent.) £70,249, and land and buildings 
£46, .116. The total length of the line is just over 
eight miles. 


Xew gas offices have just been erected at Bristol 
at ihe tramway centre adjoining the Colston Hall. 
The architect is Mr. W. Venn Gough, and the con- 
tractor is Mr. C. A. Hayes, of Bristol. The whole 
of the building has been erected with St. Aldhelm 
Box Ground stone supplied by the Bath Stone Firms, 

A general assembly of the Royal Scottish Academy 
was held on Friday, Mr. Hippolyte J. Blanc, 
deputy - president, presiding. The following 
associates, recently elected, were presented with 
their diplomas and relative medals : — Mr. K. M. G. 
Coventry, painter ; Mr. Percy Portsmouth, sculptor ; 
and Mr. James Miller, of Glasgow, architect. It 
was unanimously resolved to place the following 
artiste on the list of honorary members of *"he 
academy: — Sir Thomas Drew, P.R.H. \., archi- 
tect ; Mr. John F. Sargent, R.A., portrait painter ; 
and M. Auguste Rodin, sculptor. 

Any newsagent who does not buy the Newsagent s". 
Booksellers', and Stationers' Diary, published by 
Messrs. William Holmes and Co., Ltd., 9, Mitchell- 
lane, Glasgow, saves half-a-crown, and misses fifty 
pounds' worth of business facilities. 

Messrs. Chatterton and Couch, A A. R. LB. A., late 
of 6, Gordon-place, W., ha/e removed to 82, 
^'icto^ia-^treet, S.W. 

Serious subsidences, due to salt-mining, have 
occurred since Friday at the Verdin public park at 
Norfchwich. Of late the local authority has experi- 
enced great difficulty in coping with sinkings in the 
park and at the baths, and extensive repairs have 
been necessitated at the bathkeeper's house. X'n- 
tortunately, the terms of the Brine Pumping (Com- I 
pensation for Subsidence) Act debar a public 
authority from receiving any compensation, so that 
the whole of the cost falls upon the ratepayers. 

A Local Government Board inijuiry was held at 
Newcastle-on-Tyne on Friday into the corporation's 
application for power to borrow .£8,433 for the 
erection of a new police-station at Walker. It was 
stated that the tender of Messrs. Kirk and Brown 
at .£7,233 9s. had been provisionally accepted for 
the erection of the station. 

According to the designs of Messrs. Joseph and 
Smithem, architects, (jaeen-street, K.C., six shops 
and a station-master's house are abiut to be erected 
adjoining Brondesbury Station for the London and 
North-Western Railway Company. 

A report has been issued by Mr. H. Richardson, 
electricity engmeer, Dundee, on the subject of the 
liroposed new generating station. The probable 
tirst required cost would be considerably under 
£■50,000, not £100,000, as had been reported. 

The Blyth I'rban District Council have signed an 
agreement to purchase for £9,0.50 the existing 
waterworks and mains of Viscount Ridley. 

The Heywood Corporation have received a rep:>rt 
from, Mr. J. Amsworth Settle, M.I.C.E., their 
eugineer and surveyor, that the works in hand at 
the close of 190(i include completion of a widening 
scheme almost fiuished on main roads of nearly 
1,000 yards length, private street works, alteration 
of old library adjoining municipal buildings for 
additional offices, council chamber, committee- 
room, and mayor's parlour, and extension of 
technical school for museum and art gallery. 

A new clock, constructed by Messrs. J. Smith and 
Sous, of Derby, has been dedicated at St. Bartholo- 
mew's Church, Sealand, Cheshire. 

Unpaid accounts representing £l;>0 have been 
discovered in the office of the late borough surveyor 
of Dartmouth, who recently committed suicide. 
These accounts were principally contracted since 
1904, and had not been submitted to the council in 
.•^ny way. t Icher ace )uut8 for £31 1 have since been 
.sent in, making a total sum of £7'J4. 


Issriri ri: m P.aiTisii lli.t okatok-.. — The 
annual meeting of the Scottish Branch of the j 
Incorporated Institute "f British Decorators 
was held on Fiiday in the Fine Art Institute. 
Sauchiehall - street, Glasgow. Mr. James 
Clark Edinburgh, presided, in the absence of 
the president. Mr. Robert .1. Bennett. The 
annual report by the committee stated that the 
membership now stood at sixty-five, and that the 
funds of the district were in a satisfactory and 
increasing condition. The report was adopted. 

LivEKroiii. Architecti KAi. Society. — The 
lecture-room oi" this society was crowded on 
Monday evening to hear Jlr. Stanley I>. Adshead 
on " Style in .\rchitectnral Draughtsmanship,'' 
a subject illustrated by the reader's own drawings. 
Sir. Adshead pointed out that when each archi- 
tect was a craftsman, the |to*'''0" of draughts- 
manship was subordinate : but in the present day 
so much depended on draughtsmanship that if this 
was not good, English architecture would descend 
into eccentricity instead of a true national style 
being evolved. He urged the importance of a 
sound school of draughtsmanship, and quoted with 
some approval the French and .\merican methods 
of teacliing. 

The EUesmere I'rban District Cjuncd have re^ 
tained the services of Mr. J. W. Brown, M.Inst. C.E. 
of West Hartlepool, to adjudicate upon the com- 
petitive schemes for the proposed new sewerage and 
sewage dispcsU works. 

Messrs. Tom Cook and Sons, architects and siir- 
vej'ors, of Manchester, are engaged ujtoii the designs 
for the new Baptist chapel and schools at Hoi^ham, 
West .Sussex. They have changed their address to 
Hodson's-court, Corporation-street, Manchester. 

The new grammar school, Aylesbury, is being 
warmed and ventilated by means of Shorland's 
patent Manchester grates, the same being supplied 
by Messrs. E. H. Shorland and Brother, of Man- 

A large new clock is to be erected in Stowe 
Church, Staffordirhire, from a legacy lately left for 
the purpr s ■. by a parishioner, and the executors 
have placed the order for the new clock with 
Messrs. John Smith and Sons, Midland Clock 
Woiks, Derby. 

The recently completed priv.ate chapel at the Earl 
of Shaftesbury's feat, St. Giles, Dorset, was con- 
secrated on "Tuesday by the Bishop of Salisbury. 
The chapel, which holds 70 worshippers, has lieen 
constructed inside the old house on the ground floor. 
The roof is vaulted. On either side of the com- 
munion-table is a statue of St. Anthony the Hermit 
and of St. Giles. 

At a meeting of the Roads and Bridges Committee 
of the Holland County Council, held at Spalding, 
on Tuesday, a proposal was brought forward for 
building a new county bridge over the river Well- 
aud at Fosdyke, between Spalding and Boston. 
The present bridge is an unsightly and inadequate 
wooden structure built a hundred years ago, and a 
report was now submitted stating that although 
there was no immediate serious danger, yet it was 
not desirable to spend money on its repair, and that 
the County Council should seriously consider the 
desirability of erecting a new iron bridge in its place. 
The committee's report was approved. 

The Melbourne master builders have reopened 
their works on the old conditions, with 48 hours' 
work weekly. Only a tew non-unionists have 
resumed work. 


. We do not hold ourselves responsible for the opinions 'U 
our correspondents. .^U communications should b.^ 
drawn up as briefly as possible, a-s there are many 
claimants upon the space allotted to correspondenta.] 

It is particularly requested that all drawing and all 
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is not infrequently otherwise caused. .^.U drawing and 
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the Editor will not undertake to pay for, or be liable for, 
ansonght contributions. 

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xux., Lin., Lxi., Lxn., lxiv., lxv., lxvi., 
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LXXX., LXXXI., Lxxxn.. LXXXin., Lxxxrv.. 
LXXXIX. may still be obtained at the same price ; all 
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The charge for advertisements for " Situations 
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Advertisements and alterations in serial advertiaemints 
must reach the office by Tuesday morning to secure 

Received. -M. and Co.-B. T. L.-J. P. and Son.- 
B. Bros.— J. B. and Co., Ltd.— R R. and Co. — D. Bros. 
— W. W. and H.— M.— R. S. and Co.-Milano.-A. V. 
— S. and S.— M. S. and Co.— C. 

The Local liovernment Board have sanctioned | r. p. s.— No 
the borrowing of £14,324 by the urban district 
council of Kettering for the purpose of extending 
the sewerage and sewage works. 

At a meeting of parishioners held at Epsom last 
week, it was decided to proceed forthwith with the 
rebuilding of the parish church, and the plans of 

I Sir Chas. A. Nicholson and Mr. H. C. Corlette, 
selected in competition,were formally approved. The 

! chancel and the two eastern bays of the new church 
are to be built first, and an additional third bay will 
be proceeded with if funds permit. 

A colossal statue of Pope L?o XIIL, weighing 
12 tons, executed by the sculptor Tadolini, and 
destined for the late Pope's tomb, has been trans - 

: ported to S ;. John Lateran, where it was placed in 
position on Wednesday. The m tnument is now 
completed, as the two side statues, representing 
respectively the Church and Labjur, have already 
been erected. The monument has cost £2,400. 

In the case of the application on behalf of John 
Hayward and Frank Hayward, tradmg in copart- 
nership as Hayward and Sjns, Bournemouth, 
builders, the order of discharge has been suspended 
for two years, ending Mirch 19, 190S, conditionally. 

.K. V. W.— Please send. 

H. M. M.— How can we say .' Vou don't expect us to 

come and measure up the building tor you, surely ' 
Done.— We fear you are, and so are a good many more. 

What it comes to is that it will not be sife for any of us 

much longer to give credit to any limited compiny which 

has debenture holders '. 

F. H. H.— Why don't you put an announcement in our 
'■ Directory " .' Architects and builders find thit aLvays 
u.seful. They are looking everj- week for things that it 
does not, perhaps, pay to advertise largely iii the usual 
way, and our list keeps you always in evidence. 

Silver.— We do not know whether the firm still exists. 

It ceased to advertise in these pages some time since. 
N.— Look through our index this week. We really cannot 

undertake to reply to the scores of inquiries of your sort 

that reach us weekly. 
Lnmaav.— We do not know what the ultimate issue will 

Smile.— Yes ! Very mach •' Made ia Gerjiaay ! " 

G. H. B. (Jori.D.— We cannot give you his address, but we 
mav say we have no reason to doubt his h ma f les. He 
was a correspondent of this journal twenty years ago. 
and was for a long tiin^ in the offi'e of one of the leid- 
ing London architects. 

Jan. IJ, 1907. 




WiLKiE. (The height of the fa«;ade of Baok to the scale 
sp?cifit'(i is not too tall, to be >et out on the sheet 24in. by 
18in. If your chimneys are a ditficulty. omit their upper 
parts. It is the facade which is mo^t important. The 
treatment of the loof otherwise than particularised i^ 
left to compelitors. — Geuki.k Rex. i A certain amt>unt 
of depth to the reveals and big piers or otherwise in the 
mur»l arranpem»*nt is, of course, desirable, andeolumn;* 
are not (-xcu<3ed if you wish to use thera.l — WKfiSKx 
AND Other-;, i The two tirs^t sets of designs will be re- 
turned early in the ensuing week.) 

Dka" i.s*;;- Received.— " Nabob," *' Tvro," " Mtihir," 
"H'-ric," **Bon." •* Nigel. "' " Uuatre'Wi.«," "Cifsar." 
*' JohnO. CTaunt," " Wilki'^," *■ RibbK" " Richmond." 
"Lion.'" ■' Rookey," "■ Q.," " Roundhead," " ,Vnat.'' 
"FeaTher." ■ Dnchray." "The Nib." '■ IIarle<iuin." 
" Dt Weideii- "' Jate and unKnished'. 


C A X A 1 1 A . 
Til t?K Editor of the Bl'ildino News. 

SiK, — I am pleased that " A Victim " has so 
fully written on the treatment given to all pro- 
fessional men seeking to earn a living or to make 
a home in Canada, and 1 trust his warning will 
be -widely read. 

I have heard of similar cases, but could hardly 
credit them in the face of the wonderful prosperity 
so largely advertised by tlie Dominion Govern- 
ment ; and it is to be hoped that the Institute 
and all kindred societies will thoroughly warn 
their members, and publish as far as possible the 
position of affairs. 

All Canada wants is the backbone of this and 
other countries — viz., strong, able-bodied men to 
exploit their undertakings ; and work there mians 
work from daylight to daik. 

I have spent some fifteen yeais in another 
colony, and had. of course, dithculties to contend 
with, but always found fair-play, and that ability 
could come to the front ; but if such a state as lias 
been described exists in Canada, then despair and 
want must dodge professional footsteps. 

The wai-ning has been accepted in my case, 
for. owing to the state of the professions in 
England, my leanings for some time have been 
towards the I'ominion. — I am, iVc, W.msned. 



112242.]— Cubical Contents. - J. T. Rea. in " Esti- 
mating." published by B. T. Batsford. High Holborn. 
gives much on cost of works executed ; but I can only speak 
of up to about 1903. The rest of the jobs may be foimd 
by referring to back vols, of the Building. News, possibly 
in Patent or other public libraries, available about 
liOndon, \"c.. -t at institutions associated. — Re';evt's 


FraitiS on Bttilders. — At the Middlesex Ses- 
sions, on Monday, before Sir Italph Littler, K.C., 
Charles William Leef>, 41, was indicted for obtain- 
ing in October and November, 1900, various sums 
of money from Joseph (.'hades Hedges and George 
Frederick Hedges by false pretences. Joseph Charles 
Hedges is the son of George Frederick Hedges, both 
of them being builders, but carrying on their busi- 
ness separately at It-leworth. The prisoner had been 
a clerk in the employment of Messrs. Barrett and 
Co., solicitors, of Wimbledon and Leadenhall-street, 
E.C., but since March, llHUi, he bad ceased to be so. 
The different sums of money were obtained by the 
prisoner, who said he was managing clerk to Messrs. 
Barrett, iu connection with the issue of writs and 
summonses for the recovery of money. These writs 
and summonses were never issued at all. The 
prisoner said that he had made no false pretences, 
and that the money was given to him by his prose- 
cutors for other purposes. The jury returned a 
verdict of '* (iuilty," and previous convictions were 
proved. Sir Ralph Littler said that this was a most 
outrageous fraud, and the offence was aggravated 
by the fact that the prisoner practically charged the 
prosecutors with perjury. He was sentenced to 
two years' imprisonment with bard labour. 

Cost OF A Falling Brick.— (ieorge Lawrence, a 
fitter, of Carlyle-avenue, Willesden. was awarded, 
on Wednesday, £75 damages against Messrs. W. 
Walkerdine, contractors, of Derby, at the Brompton 
L'ounty-conrt, m respect of injuries caused by a 
falling brick. Plaintiff was working at Sulgrave- 
road. Shepherd's Bush, on Sept. 7, and was engaged 
with others on carriage works for the defendants. 
who at the time were cairying out a contract for the 
Great Western and Metropolitan Railways. A brick 
which had l>een improperly used in the erection of a 
certain scaffold became dislodged, and fell on to the 
plaintiff's back from a height of 40ft. For twelve 
days he was uncon'^ctoiis, and was still quite unable 
to attend to his work. 

A CiiirrENHAM AKHiTnATiox.— Mr. Thomas A. 
Smith, of the Tannery, claimfd 11,000 against the 
Chippenham Town Council for damages, which he 
alleged he had sustained in connection with the 
laying of sewers through, and manholes on, his 
premue*. The claim was heard on December 19 
and 20 at the <jrand Hotel, Bristol, before Mr. 
J. (.". H. Robinson, of Filgmve, Newport Poguell, 
an umpire appointed by the Local Goveiumeut 
Board, who ha-* awarded Mr. Smith £331 His. Od., 
the town council to pav costs. The council offered 
Mr. Smith £_*.iO in settlement of his claim. 

.V Uvely scene is reported to have taken place at 
the residence of a well-known citizen of Exeter, not 
unknown as a correspondent to this journal. Fol- 
lowing a dispute as to Income-tax, the Inland 
Revenue authorities put a bailiff in possession, and 
it is alleged that the son of the owner ejected this 

The proposed extension of the Midland Railway 
system from Roystou (between Waketield and 
Bamsley^ to Bradford, with the view of placing 
that city on the main line, has now a prospect ot 
early accomplishment. Terms of agreement between 
the company and the Bradford Cry Council have 
been drawn up in committee. 

The death was announced on Sunday of William 
Teasdale. after about seventy years' service on the 
North-Eastem Railway, chiefly in the Berwick 
district. He was closely identified with Robert 
Stephenson m making the Berwick and Newcastle 
line and the building of Royal Border Bridge. His 
invention of a simple and ingenious gauge ma'erially 
lessened the cost of the line. Betore the railway 
was opened he worked day and night for eight 
consecutive days. 

The new buildings which have been erected for 
the school of art in Coiporation-street, Taunton, 
were formally handed over on Monday by the 
joint building committee to the Somerset County 
Council and the Taunton Town Council, the bodies 
who have combined ;n the provision of the edifice, 
which is situated near the new public library. Messi-s. 
Samson and Cottani. of Taunton and Bridgwater, 
are the architects. Mr. T. H. Moggridge, of Taunton, 
IS the contractor. The building cost about £"),400, 
and the site £l.ij.'>. In digging the foundations 
the contractor went down to the old moat of Taunton 
Castle, and he had to carry down the concrete 
foundations until tht-y reaihed the solid ground. 


I On Thursday there was dedicated in St. Peter's 
j Church, Nottingham, a congregational memorial to 
I the late Rev. George Edgcome, for 30 years the rector. 
I The memorial consists of a stained-glass window in 
■ the west wall of the tower, together with a tablet 
1 placed on the north wall of the chancel. The 
j subject of the window is the Transfiguration. 

< tn the Feast of the Epiphany, the Rural Dean of 
Woodstock dedicated a memorial window in the 
south transept of the pari-h church of St. Nicholas, 
Tackley. near < txford. The window is in the Per- 
pendicular style, the design being that of an 
Angel - window . 

A serious occurred at New Barnet on Wednes- 
day evening at the 5aw-mills and timber-yaid of 
Messrs. Lockhart. The entire premi&es were com- 
pletely destroyed, as were some eight cottages 
adjoining. The estimated damage is about 


Work has been started this week at Boxted, near 

! Colchester, on the new county lunatic asylum for 

Essex, and the prospect of employment has attracted 

some two hundred men from London and other parts 

i of the country ; but the labour required for ihe 

' present stage has all been secured. 

Gperations have been commenced upon the 
, foundations of the new factory at Hayes, Middlesex, 
which is being buiit for (.Gramophone and Type- 
writer, Ltd. The site contains an area of 11 acres, 
with sidings upon the G.W. RaiJway. The factory, 
; which will be single-storied, with north light roots, 
, is to be completed in May. The architect is Mr. 
! Marshall Robinson, A.R.T.B.A., ot Royal London 
; House, Finsbury-square, London, and the con- 
tractors are Messrs. Henry Lovatt, Ltd., of Wolver- 

At Monday's meeting of the Somerset County 
I Council the question of county offices was discussed, 
' and it was resolved and moved "That the county 
oftices sub- committee be instructed to take the 
necessary steps to carry out the resolution of the 
! county council of (Jctober, 1906." The resolution 
referred to was one requesting the joint committee 
I to instruct the county offices sub-committee to 
obtain plans and estimates from one or more com- 
petent architects resident in the county m addition 
to those already obtained by them from the county 


TRimo. — On Thursday in last wetk, theie wns 
dedicated in Truro Cathedral a stained wndow, 
which has been erected in the noith transept to il c 
memory of the late ( anon Bush, rector of Dulce. 
by his family. The window forms one of the 
historical series plhnned 20 years ago by the lale 
Archbishop Benson and Canons Scott Holland and 
Mason, which is being gradually completed. The 
central figure is St. (Gregory the (Jreaf, and on 
either side a reprefentation of St. Martin of Tours 
and St. Patrick. Below is St. Gregory meeting 
with the English boys in charge of a slave-dealer in 
the Forum at Rome, rndeineath this window an 
alabaster tablet has been placed by (_"apt. Tremayi'*'. 
in memory of his father, the late Lieut. -Col. 
Tremaynp. Just above it is a small, but devotional, 
representation of the Crucifixion, with St. Mary and 
St, .Tohn on either side of the cross. On the corbeN 
supporting the tablet are the Tremayne arms and 
the regimental badge of the 13th Light Dragoon*. 
A further memorial has been placed in the cathedral. 
and this is to the late Mr. John Barrett, of Truro, 
who was for some years warden of the cathfdial 
guild of lay assistants. It is in St. Mary's aisle, 
and consists of a single light filled with the figure of 
Our Lord in glory. The scene below is St. John 
leading the Virgin Mother fiom the cross. 


Cardiff. —The waterwoi ks committee of the 
corporation are asking permission totakepielim nary 
steps in coLnection with the cnn&tiuction of the new 
authorised (No. 3) reservoir in the Taff Pawr 
A'alley. It is intended to drill holes on the 
site of the embankment of the projected reservior. 
and the corporation engineers are at present 
engaged in self cting the points where the 
drilling opeiations shall be commenced. They 
hope to get to the rock at a comparatively shoit 
depth. The new reservoir will be the largest 
of the three, and will have a capacity of 900 million 
gallons, the capacities of the other two being 322 
milllinn and 345 million gallons respectively. Mr. 
C. H. Priestley, the city engineer, has drawn up a 
report on the Cardiff' water supply during the past 
year, in which he states that fi03 new services were 
connected, as compared with 342 in 190o. The 
average consumption per day was 0,646,383 gallons, 
or 20'26 gallons per head | er day on an estimated 
population of 21o,0U0. 

Lincoln Water SurPLV.— The geological con- 
ditions which have contributed to the success of the 
artesian boring for water at Lincoln formed the 
subject of a paper read before the Geological 
Society by Professor K. Hull. This boring has its 
source of supply in strata which rise to the west, 
but to the east dip down towards the North Sea. 
The water-yielding stratum is reddish, soft, porous 
sand-rock, reached at a depth of l,.'i61ft., and 
penetrated to a depth of 474ft. About one million 
gallons of water rise to the <urface daily. The 
sand-rock belongs to the New Red Sandstone. The 
hydiaulic pressure at the bottom of the boring is 
that due to about 2,03oft., and the friction of the 
water in percolating the rock accounts for the fact 
that the water can be pumped down duringtheday, 
but rises again in the night. The formations pene- 
trated are : — Alluvium and Lower Lias, 641ft.: 
Rhittic beds, 5"^ft. : Red Mail and Lower Keuper 
Sandstone, 8(58ft. ; Bunter Sandstone, 4;J4ft. The 
quantity of water diawu from the New Red Sand- 
stone amounts to uot less than twenty million 
gallons, and the total available quantity of watei 
percohiting into the ■ andstone amounts to about 
300 millions. 

The Cuban (itucta f'tnnti contains a copy of a 
law increasing the credit of l.lOjOOOdol. granted for 
the constiuction of an institute of eecondaiy educa- 
tion iu Habana i^see p. 200 of the BodtU of 7'fiu/r 
Juiu-mil of Aug. 2), the plans sent in having thown 
that sum to be insufficient for the purpose. 

The Gmrta Ofii-'aif of Venezuela contains a copy 
of a law sanctioning the expmditure of 162,65;') 
bolivars (about £6,o02) on the constructirn of police 

j barracks in Caracas, in accordance with jlans drawn 

[ up by Dr. Alejandro Chatairg. 

The new lesidence for the use of students using 
the St. Deiuiors Libiary. Hapar(?en, bmlt as a 
memorial to Mr. Oladstcne by his sons and 

' daughters, was dedicated en Thursday in last week 

i by the Bishop of St. A-aph. Ihe residence foims 
the eastern wirgof t he libraiy itself, and commands 

I a fine view of the estuary of the Dee and the 
Cheshire plains. It has been built frcm designs by 
Messrs. Douglas and Minshul), architects, Chester, 
by Messrs. Parker Brothers, contractors, Chester, at 
a cost of £10,000. The cost of the whole scheme 

I was roughly £60,000, of which £40,000 was devoted 
to it by Mr. (iladstone himself. The residence will 
acccmmo(?ate the warden aid pTghteen students, 
and contains a small oratory. 



Jax. 11, 1907, 


The Institute and the County Hall ('ompetitloa 

The ** Old Masters'* at the Royal Academy 

The International Society 

The Centrolinead and its Uses ; ... 

Science Classrooms 


Waldorf Hotel, Aldwych. London 

The Registration of Plumbers : Is it a Meaningle&s 

Form ' 

Architectural Education in Birmingham 

The Simplon Tunnel 


Building Tntellisence 

Engineering' Xotes 

Professional and Trade Societies 



Le^l Intellifi-ence 

Stained < ilas*< 

"Water Supply and Sanitary Matters 

The BfiLuiNti News Dii-ectory 

Our niustrationa 


Our Office Table 

Meetinsfs for the Ensuing "Week 

Trade News 

Latest Prices 


List of Competitions Open 

List of Tenders Open 

jecting in front of this screen are the reading- 
desk and the pulpit. There is an apse at the 
east end. in which is placed the altar. The floor 
of the sanctuary is laid with ( heek marbles, the 
chancel is covered with red hexagonal tiles, and 
the nave \\'ith Peake's square red tiles. There is 
a douhlo vestry, with access from both nave and 
chancel. This vestry is divided by a hinged 
folding-screen, so that it can be thrown into one 
large room when occasion requires. It is fitted 
lip with cupboiirds for choir and clergy; under- 
neath is the heating chamber. The church is 
heated by hot air on Grundy's system. The 
tower has not yet been built. The work was 
carried out by the local builder. 'Sir. F. A. 
Lawrence, of Datchworth. The carved oak 
chancel screen and the carved stone font were 
made by Mr. L. A. Turner, of Lamb's Conduit- 
street. \V.C. The cost of the works was about 
£2,.")00, and the architect is Mr, R. Weir Schultz, 
14, Gray's Inn-square, AV.C. 


•A EL\\ VN. 

(©ur JilhistratiDits. 




Last week we published the prize design in ilhis- 
tration of a Psalm of David. We also gave a 
description written by Mr. Caron A. C. Oliver 
Lodge, indicating his reasons for the treatment 
adopted. Our previous plate was reproduced from 
the general drawing showing the whole scheme. 
To-day we reproduL-e the large cartoon, the figure 
being that of the Seribe recording the Psalm as it 
was sung by David. 

' COMPETITION. week the four plans, main elo\ation, and 
detail of principal entrances of the selected design 
v.-ere given in the Bi iliunc; News. The previous 
week a critical notice appeared in our pages. We 
continue our lead in this matter to-day by giving 
the perspective view of Messrs. Ashley and 
Winton Newman's building, together with their 
elevations towards Edmund-street and Margaret- 
street. A very fair idea is thus afforded of the 
excellence of the choice which Sir Aston Webb 
and Mr. Ingress Hell have made. The other 
illustrations to-dav in this connection show the 
capable scheme submitted by Mr. Henry T. Hare, 
of whose design we give the view, a detiiil of the 
grand entrance, and the chief elevation. The 
two smaller fronts, .also printed, come small, 
because they were drawn to a lesser scale than 
the Congreve-strect fa(,'ade. We also print his 
ground-floor and first-floor jilans. It is hardly 
necessary to add to what has already been said 
about the admirable character of this well- 
thought-out proposal, which has many merits. 
some of which are very similar to those in the 
chosen plans. 


Tuis church was erected a few years ago to serve 
an outlying haniletof the large parish of Welwyn. 
Hertfordshire. It is situated on the main nortli 
ixiad between Welwyn and Steven? ge. The walls 
arc built of local hand-made red bricks, with 
Weldon stone dressings, and the roof is covered 
with local hand-made tiles. Thereof isconstructed 
of fir timber, with strong-framed principals and 
tie-beams, the latter of which show. The lower 
])art of the walls is lined with a Carolina 
pine moulded dado, the upper part having an 
internal brick face. The cliurch is seated with 
chairs, exce])t at the west end which is raised 
three steps above the main level. Here is placed 
the font, and on each side of it are pews for the 
children. The cost of the fon' was subscribed 
for by the children of the parish, and this fact is 
recorded on the base. The church has no aisles, 
and is of the same width from end to end. The 
chancel is raised four steps above the nave, and 
is divided from it by an open oak screen. Pro- 


Owing to the increasing demand for the supply of 
electricity at Sunderland, Messrs. Snell and Black- 
man, the borough electrical engineers, have advised 
further extensions at the Hylton-road Power 
Station. They consider it absolutely necessary that 
there should be further extensions to the buildings, 
that a new chimney should be erected, and that 
boilers and engines should be installed in time for 
next wmter at an estimated cost of £14,000. 

Mr. John Kinross, E.S.A., has been appointed as 
the architectural member of the hanging committee 
for the forthcoming exhibition of the Royal Scottish 
Academy, to be opened in Edinburgh on February 2, 

The appointment of engineer to the North Sydney 
Council has been conferred on Mr. Thos. Seaver, 
C.E., of Belfast. 

The name of Mr. Thomas Brook, builder, of 
Totnes, has been placed on the Commission of the 
Peace for that borough. 

The King's Heath and Xorthfield Urban District 
Council formally inaugurated on .Saturday the ex- 
tension of the electric tramway from the depot at 
King's Heath to Alcester Lane's Eud, which is 
about a mile in length, and a new transformer 
station. The works have beeu carried out under the 
direction of Mr. A. W. Gross, surveyor to the 
councU. the consulting engineer being Mr. H. 

The movement of ti'affic which passes to and from 
Avoumouth dock over the Clifton Extension Kail- 
way will be materially facilitated by the doubling of 
the line, which has now been practically completed. 
The works have been carried out by Sir John Aird 
and Co., who are also the contractors for the Royal 
Albert Dock, now approaching completion at Avon- 

The Chiswick T*"rban District Council have erected 
a number of artisans' dwellings at Strand-oii-the- 
Green, Twenty double-tenement houses are pro- 
vided, ten h.aving a frontage of ITft. Gin. and ten 
with 19ft- The houses are all similar in design, 
those with the wider frontage h?ving, of course, 
larger rooms than the remainder. The ground 
floors consist of living-room, bedroom, scullery, 
larder and w.c, and covered yard : and the first- 
floor tenements of living-room, two bedrooms, 
scullery, larder, w.c, and stairs to garden. Both 
ground- and first-floor flats have a separate front 
entrance. The total cost has been about .£8,000, 
which includes the site. 

At Northwich the Right Hon, Sir J. T. Brunner, 
Bart., M.P., has opened new elementary schools, 
which have beeu erected at a cost of £14,000. They 
are the first Council schools to be built in the town, 
and are on dual lines, accommodation being pro- 
vided for :iOO boys, .'300 girls, and 200 infants. Mr. 
A. E. Powles is the architect. 

The conference between representatives of Scotch 
and English steelmakers, held at Cirlisle at the end 
of last year, has resulted in a complete understand- 
ing upon the matter of prices, particularly respect- 
ins boiler-plates. Complaints were made of under- 
selling by merchants to the extent of ueariv 10s. per 
ton ; but the meeting was unable to discover a 
remedy. Boiler-plates were fixed at £8 l"2s. (id. 
to £9 23. (id. less 2! per cent. EngU*h delivery, 
and ship-plates .£7 17s. (id. to £S. 

The death took place on Tuesday week of Mr. 
\Vm. Hope, architect, of New Bridaje-street, New- 
castle-on-Tyiie. at his residence, Beverley Lodge, 
Cullercoats. The deceased, who was a member of 
the Northern Architectural Association, had been 
in ill-health for the nast four months, and 
succumbed to Bright's disea^^e at the age of 44 
years. He leaves a widow and three children. One 
of Mr. Hope's latest works is the King's Theatre at 
SuiKierland, opened a fortnight ago : it is planned 
on the cantilever principle, constructed on the 
Hennibiqne ferro-concrete system. 


Asp.tTiuA : Law^cpn JIemouiai.. — The Earl of 
Carlisle, w^ho was called in as adjudicator on 
selection of the de.^ign for the Aspatria memorial 
to the late Sir Wilfrid Lawson, gave his decision 
on Tuesday. There were twenty-five models and 
seventeen designs submitted. He chose the design 
sent by Mr. L. Fritz Roselieb, Clapham Common, 
S.W., for a stone drinking fountain, surmounted 
by a bronze figure of St. George and the Dragon, 
the whole 21ft. high. The fountain is square, 

I and the sides bear medallions, representing 
Temperance and Peace. There will be an in- 

i scription, and the head of Su' Wilfrid will be 
shown in bronze relief. The Earl of Carlisle 
suggested a figure of St. Michael instead of St. 
George and a modification in the design at the 
base. The committee met in the evening and 
adopted the design, with- the suggested modifica- 

B.utNSLEV.— ilr. E. R. Kobson, F.S.A., the 
assessor, has made the following award in con- 
nection with the Barnsley High .School Competi- 
tion : First prize, £100. Messrs. Buckland and 
Haywood- Farmer and William H. Ashford, Bir- 
mingham ; second prize, £.50, ilr. Arthur 
!McKewan, Birmingham ; third prize, £20. 
Jlessrs. Russell and Cooper. London. There 
were 48 competitors invited to compete, including 
several eminent school architects. 

Bloemfontkin. — The Bloemfontein Law Courts 
Competition has been settled. Upwards of fiO 
designs were submitted. The follDwing is the 
award of the committee of assessment : — Slessrs. 
Hawke and JIcKinlay, Cape Town, 1 ; Messrs. 
Gordon and Hendei-son, Cape Town, 2 : Messrs. 
Hoets and Webb, Cape Town, 3. 

Dust Pkevention. — The Roads Improvement 

Association, acting on behalf of the Automobile 
t'lub and Jlotor Union of Great Britain and 
Ireland, are about to issue the rules for a com- 
petition to decide the best means of mechanically 
spreading tar upon existing road surfaces in such 
a manner that it will bind the road materials to- 
gether and not form a coating on the surface. 
The merits of the competing appliances will be 
judged entirely by the results of the operation, 
the chief consideration being the efficiency with 
which the tar penetrates the road and the cost of .ap- 
plication. Tarring has, so far, proved itself superior 
to any palliative for laying dust, but the method 
of application by hand is expensive. It involves 
the use of an excessive amount of tar and the 
creation of mud and a small amount of dust of an 
objectionable character. It is necessary to so far 
reduce the cost and increase the efficiency so that 
the treatment may be applied to all the principal 
roads throughout the country. Automobilists are 
therefore organising a competition for an apparatus 
that will spray the tar umler such pressure as will 
enable it to penetrate deeply into the road so as to 
bind the materials of th'e road, instead of forming 
a separate coating on the suiface, and at the same 
time will reduce the waste of tar and require the 
minimum of unskilled labour. I'articulars of the 
competition, with a copy of the rules, can be 
obtained on application to the hon. secretary of 
the ass'iciation, Mr. Rees Jeffreys, 1, Albemarle- 
street, W. 

The Rovai. .Saxita'.iy Institute. — The Henry 
Saxon Snell prize. The subject given this year 
for the essay in competition for this prize was - 
' ' Suggestions for Improvements in Sanitary 
.Vppliances for I'se in Workmen's Dwellings 
and Labourer' Cottages, under the Varying 
t-'onditions of Water Supply and Drainage 
Usually obtaining in Towns and Villages." 
Nine essays were sent in, and have been brought 
under the consideration of the council. Acting 
upon the alvice of the adjudicators appointed by 
them, the council have decided to di\ide the prize 
between two essayists, whose essays are about 
equal in merit, and they have awarded to Mr. 
.lohn R. Preston. M.R.San. I., Lancaster, writing 
under the motto of " John of tiaunt," and to Mr. 
E. H. Parkinson, architect and surveyor, Brad- 
ford, writing under the motto of '■ SperoMeliora," 
each the sum of £2-3 and a bronze medal of the 

Mr. Georee William Hamilton Gordon, Director 
of Public Works in the Orange River Colony, died 
on December :i last at Bloemfontein, aged .32. 

The late Mr. William Cowan, architect and sur- 
veyor, of Edinburgh, London, and Bristol, late 
surveyor iu His Majesty's Office of Works, 
Shanghai, left in personal estate £3,819. 










- ©5 























73 -76. 

The Building p', 


nr^TKW mrr»rNT>-Ti!cri 

rtrJuioN TcMMsnin "^ijrr. 

D^yiGH 6up?MTrEx» BY Hi^i2.y-T-FKr.e-FR:[M- 

*lJ^>inciN IP OCWOETVC ?TRlTr- 



"Photo-TimtT ly Jambs Akermaa.G.QuieP 3<jaare.Iondon.W.C- 






The B^'JLDING Rews, Jak. 11.1907, 

, 1 i '>vv^ 

Vtew fronri the Norlh C«st 

Robert Weir Schulbz .Architecl". 

WodmeriHrpf o.Weiwvo , IHerfcSo 

Fligio-titi>ogT«ph»(ilrfriM*dby J«iB«9 AIwnnws.6 Que«BSqBEre.WX 


Tax. 11, 1907, 



(But O^fRct €uh\t. 

Siu AsTOX Weh]i, R.A., speaking at Wash- 
ington on Tuesday night at the banquet given in 
his honour by t)ie American Institute of Archi- 
tects, acknowlejge'd the honour that had been 
paid to British architects and hitriself by the 
bestowal on himself of tlu? Americaa gold medal, 
and said that a great arcliiteitural problem was 
being worked out in Xew \'ork in the practical 
i-ebuilding of the streets "down town," which 
bade fair to ri\'al on a gigantic scale the streets of 
Genoa and Florence. The result should be verv 
fine, although the scale was again threatened by 
the still loftier buildings proposed, which would 
have the effect of reducing tlie present monsters 
to pigmies, with results impossible to forecast. 
The object in modern architecture should be to 
clothe its multifarious requirements in the fitting 
habit of reasonableness and beauty expressive of 
"ur time. 

Jill. Sidney Wei.i.s has been appointed of the Department of Agri- 
culture and Technicil Ediication for Egypt. 
Mr. Wells, who has been for some years principal 
of the Battersea Polytechnic, is a member of the 
Consultative Committee of the Board of Educa- 
tion, a member of the Teachers' Registration 
Council, and the Secretary of the London Uni- 
versity Faculty of Ilngineering. This department 
has been created in order to develop, organise, 
and control technical education in Egypt gener- 
.ally. It will have to deal with all the Government 
educational institutions of all kinds, and also with 
the non-Government technical institutions. Mr. 
Wells has visitedall the technical institutions which 
exist in Egypt, and has Jiade proposals for their 
development and extension. The most obvious 
need »t present is, he states, an extension of the 
lower-grade technical institute or trade school for 
the training of artisans and craftsmen chiefly in 
•engineering, metalwork, woodwork, and the 
building trades. There is room for a central 
institution in which natives may be trained as 
foremen and clerks of works. Mr. Wells's scheme 
includes the formation of three departments, one 
for instruction in electrical and mechanical engi- 
neering, the second for the building trades, 
including internal decorative work, and the third 
would comprise aijplied arts and crafts generally. 
From these will naturally develop the highest 
class of polytechnic. 

The report and special report from the select 
committee on the Land Values Taxation (Scot- 
land; Bill, with the proceedings of the committee, 
have been published. The committee, in sum- 
marising the conclusions at which thev have 
arrived, state that they consider that the new 
standard of rating, based upon the yearly value 
of land, apart from the buildings and improve- 
ments upon it, is sound, and would prove advan- 
tageous : that to set it up, by estimating the 
value of land apart from buildings, is practicable : 
that in making the valuation regard must be nad 
to all restrictions validly imposed on the land, and 
to recent expenditure in preparing it for use : 
that exemptions such as are proposed in clause C 
of the Bill are proper, but that to these exemptions 
ought to be added railways, canals, docks, piers, 
and harbours ; that, so far as both occupiers and 
owners are concerned, the new standard of rating 
should be substituted for the present standard" 
and tliat within the category of owners ought to 
be included owners of feu duties whensoever 
created. The committee, therefore, agree to the 
following recommendations :— 1. That the Bill 
referred to the committee be not further | pro- 
ceeded with. 2. That a measure be introduced 
making provision for a valuation being made of 
land m the burghs and counties of Sottand apart 
from the building and improvements upon it, and 
that no assessment be determined upon until the 
.amount of that valuation is known and considered. 
^ The Housing Committee of the Birmingham 
Corporation have reported with reference to the 
disposal of the large area of land at Bordesley- 
^reen. Tne committee have unsuccessfully adver- t 
tised f.)r tenders for the land, and thev have now 
received an oiler from the Ideal Benefit Society to 
take it on lease. In their recent report recom- 
mending a housing policy for adoption, the com- 
iinttee expressed the view that, in order to secure 
the proper development of the oiiter parts of the 
city, land should be purchased and leased for 
building purposes. They also recommendeii that 
facilities should be given, where possible, to assist 
the provision of cheerful, healthy houses bv I 

private enterprise in Birmingham. The com- 
mittee have come to the conclusion that the Ideal 
Benefit Society is an organisation which oners 
special inducements for its members to become 
possessed of their own houses. The society's 
offer is as follows : —The land to be leased to 
the society for 109 years, from June next, the 
rent to be, second year £200, third year, and to 
the end of the term, flOO per annum. The 
society is to lay out an open space and construct 
the roads at a cost of not less than £4,000 ; to 
spend at least £12,000 in building on the land 
within tiireu years, and a further sum of £2S,000 
within the ten years allowed for development, and 
not to erect more tiian 22 houses to the acre. The 
buildings are to be suitable to the artisan class. 
The corporation are to contribute £1,000 as tiieir 
proportion of the cost of laying out the open space 
and sewering. The society has secured the option 
of some land adjoining that belonging to the 
corporation, and if its offer is accepted this 
adjoining land will be included in the general 
scheme for a worlcmen's garden colony. It is 
estimated that at tlie end of 22 years the corpora- 
tion will begin to make a profit, and by the 
expiration of the lease they will have made a total 
profit of £22,002. The committee recommend 
that the offer should be accepted. 

The town council of Salford discussed at some 
length at their last meeting the question of the 
appointment of a sucesssor to Mr. C. 1). Taite, 
who has resigred his position as electrical engi- 
neer on receiving a new appointment. The 
electricity committee recommended that Mr. Taite 
be relieved from his duties forthwith on con- 
dition that he undertoolc to attend their meetings 
when his report as to the proposed extensions of 
the generating jdant was under consideration, and 
also to supervise the installation and testing of 
the turbo-generator. They proposed to pay hiln 
a fee of 100 guineas for these services. The com- 
mittee had also approved a draft advertisement 
inviting applii-ations for the position of electrical 
engineer at a salary of £so0 per annum, rising by 
increments of £oO to £1,000. It was stated that 
the extension of the generating plant might incur 
an outlay of £200,000. After several amend- 
ments proposing the offer of a smaller salary to 
the new engineer had been rejected, the com- 
mittee's reciimmendation was adopted, with the 
pro\'iso that the annual increments are to be 
considered " at the discretion of the committee." 

The report of the sub-committee on the old 
walls and towers of the city came up for general 
consideration at the last meeting of the Finance 
Committee of the Xewcastle-on-Tyne Corporation. 
The committee confirmed the recommendation 
that the Sallyport Tower should be acquired for a 
mortuary and coroner's court at an annual rental 
of £30 on a lease of ten years. The cost of the 
alterations will be £.'!.'>8, whilst if the alternative 
scheme of a corrugated iron mortuary had been 
approved of the cost would have been £1.200. The 
report of the sub-committee on the preservation 
and acquisition by the corporation of the old walls 
and towers of the city was considered. All the 
main points of the report were adopted. It was 
agreed to acquire from the various guilds, 
companies, and other parties concerned the 
whole of the west walls, to be preserved in 
perpetuity as a freehold for the Newcastle 
Corporation. It was shown from the 6nancial 
side that for a payment of £1. 100 the whole of the 
walls and their surface coidd be secured to the 
city. There was some discussion as to whether 
negotiations should be continued for the securing 
of the Plummer Tower. Th's tower may possibly 
have to be sacrificed to the Market-street extension 
scheme ; but it was recommend»-dtliat negotiations 
might be renewed by the corporation. General 
agreement was given to the proposal for the re- 
mo^-al of the sculptor's yard adjacent to the Black 
Gate Museum, and for the laying out of this 
ground as a shrubbery. General surprise was 
expressed that since 1X79 no serious attempt had 
been made to preserve for the city such interest- 
ing relics of the jiast as Newcastle possesses. 

The members of the Somerset Arch;eological 
and Natural History Society have been informed 
by Mr. H. St. George Gray, the curator of the 
Taunton Museum, that the tJovernment do not 
intend to buy (rlastonbury Abbey, nor will it be 
acquired bv the nation, at any mte through the 
instrumentality of the Ciovernment. The early 
British lake village of (Hastonbury is bemg 
systematically exc;ivated by Mr. Arthur BuUeid, 
F.S.A., and Jlr. Gray. Nine-tenths of this 
remarkable habitation of early man have now 

lieen ex[)lored, and it is hoped to complete the 
work this year. Up to last season, sites of 83 
dwi;llings had been recorded. Without consider- 
ing ]iotli!ry, the relics found have numbered some 
1,000, and tlieir interest is considerable, throwing 
a light, as they do, on the everyday life of the 

JLi. G. B. ArsTiy, one of the architects of the 
\'ictorian Public Works Department, has been 
granted twelve months' leave of absence. He is 
now on his way to England, having been 
summoned by the War Office for the purpose of 
submitting to the artillery experts plans of an 
invention he h,as evolved for the sighting of big 
guns. The invention is said to be fraught with 
enormous jiossibilities. No particulars of Mr. 
Austin's idea have been disclosed, but it is stated 
that the invention will enable big guns to be fired 
over a distance up to twelve miles with the same 
accuracy as in comparatively short ranges. The 
invention has been taken up by a syndicate formed 
in Melbourne, and it is said that the syndicate 
will receive £1,000,000 from the Imperial Defence 
authorities for the invention. 


I'lUDAV (To-1jav). — .Architectural Association. " Tli'' 
Arrangement and Design (jf Mo'lern 
Churches," by Temple Moore, F.K. I.E. A. 
7,30 p.m. 

Institution of Civil Engineers. "Balan- 
cing of Internal - Combustion Motors 
.\-Pplied to Marine Propulsion," by A. 
T. Wes*on. M.Sc. S p.m. 

Glasgow Architectural Craftsmen's 
Society. Annual Dinner. 

Satcrd.vy.— Architectural Association. Visit to Scottish 
Provident Institution Buildings, Lom- 
bard-street, E.G. l.yOp.m. 

Mcpsii vv.— Biistol Society of Architects. '■ The Revision 
of the R.'I.B.A. Charter." byG. Hubbard, 
F.S.A., and A. W. S. Cross, M.A. 

Surveyors" Institution. Discussion on 
"Some Notee on Sanitary Law." 8 p.m. 

TcESUAv.— Royal Institution. Prof. Percy Gardner on 
"The Sculpture of .Egina in Relation to 
Recent Discovery." :i p.m. 

Society of Arts. " Progress of the 
Uganda Protectorate," by George Wilson, 
C.B. 4.30 p.m. 

A.A. Camera Club. " Some Mediieval 
Irish Churches," by E. C. H. O'Brien. 
8 p.m. 

Institution of Civil Engineers. Discus- 
sion on " The Simplon Tunnel." 8 p.m. 

London Master Builders' Association. 
Deputation to Westminster City Council 
Works Committee. 

Weusesuiv.— Natitnal Federation. .Journal Committee. 
31 and 3'2, Bedford-street. Strand, W.C. 
■2.30 p.m. 

Institution of Civil Engineers. Stu- 
dents' Visit to the Electricity Gener,iting 
Station of the Great Western Railway, at 
Park Royal. Special Rail Motor-Car 
leaves Paddington Station at '2.4.5 p.m. 

Society of Arts. Discu-ssion on " Patent 
Law Reform." 8 p.m. 

Edinburgli Architectural Association. 
'• The Sculptor and the Garden," by 
Walter trilbeit. of Bromsgrove. 8 p.m. 

Northern Architectural Association. 
" Devonshire Churches," by Mr. Har- 
bottle Reed, i'.R.I.B.A. 7.3U p.m. 

TniRsuAY.— London Master Builders' Association. 
Council Meeting, 31 and 32, Bedford- 
street, Strand. W.C. 4 p.m. 

Society of Architects. "The Practice 
of Architecture in our Smaller Cities and 
Towns," by G. E. Bond. 8 p.m. 

FiuuAV, Jas. 18.— Society of Architects. Smoking Con- 
cert, Great Eai,tern Hotel, Liverpool- 
.street, E.C. 8 p.m. 

Institution of Mechanical Engineers. 
Adjourned discussion nn "The Lighting 
of 'Railway Premises": Report on "The 
Properties of the .\llovs of' Aluminium 
and Copper." bv Prof. H. C. H. Carpenter. 
M..\., and Mr. C. A. Edivards. « p.m. 

Birmingham .\rohitectui-al .Association. 
"Farmhouses and Cottages." by H. P. G. 
Maule, F.R.I.B.A.. of London. 

CIjc Socittu of Ircijittcts, 


Till liSUAV. .r.tXLARV 17111, Eiltlit p m. P.KPER liv Mr. G. E. 
flond. on "TI"^ Fr.icli,-C of ,\rchit*ctuir in our Smallfr Ctlie* 

^T'Bn')" V, I.VXimy IS'li. EishI p.m. SMOKIXG CONCERT. 
Grt'ut Ea*!om Motrl, E-<". The rresidcnt hrtpei. lu se* many members 
rtnil Ih, ir fru-nds. Morning <lres«. 

An inquiry was held at Wolverhampton on 
Tuesday by Mr. P. M. Crosthwaite, on behalf of 
the Local Government BiarJ, intD an application 
by the corporation for saactioa to borrow £JiJ,000 
to extend the water undertaking. Mr. Horatio 
Brevitt, town clerk, gave details of the proposed 
new work. 



Jan. U, 1907. 

Crabt i^tbjs. 


SiATE TratjE DKi'REbSED.— Not for the last 
quarter of a century has the North Wales slate 
trade been so depressed as it is at present, declare 
North Wales quarryowners. At the Penrhyn 
quarry, the chief one in North Wales, work is 
extremely slack. A town's meeting was held at 
Festiniog on Monday to devj^^e means to relieve the 
great distress in the district caused by the depreasiou 
in the slate trade during the pa^^t two years. 
Heavy importations of foreign slates are blamed for 
the slackness. 


— ♦«-♦ — 


Per ton. Per ton. 

EoUea-Iron Joists, Belgian £5 10 to £5 15 

Rolled-SteelJoists. English 7 5 0,, 7 15 

Wrought-Inin Girder Plates 7 „ 7 5 

Bar Iron, good Staffs 6 5 0,, 8 10 

Do., Lowmoor, Flat, Round, or 

Square 20 „ 20 

Do., Welsh 5 15 „ 5 17 

Boiler Plates. Iron — 

South Staffs 8 0,, 8 15 

BestSnedshill 9 0,, 9 10 

Angles IDs., Tees 20s. per ton extra. 

Builders' Hoop Iron, for bonding, &c., £8 1.5s. to £9. 
Builders' Hoop Iron, galvanised, £U to £15 10s. per ton. 

Galvanised Corrugated Sheet Iron — 

No. 18 to 20. No. 22 to 24. 

£ft. to 8ft. long, inclusive Per ton. Per ton. 

gauge £W 10 ... fli 

Best ditto 14 ... 14 10 

"Wire Nails (Points de Paris) — 

6 to 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 B.W.G. 

9/- 9'6 10-10 6 10 9 lit) 12.3 13- 14- per cwt. 

Per ton. Per ton. 

Cast-iron Columns £6 10 to £8 10 

Cast-iron Stanchions 6 10 „ 8 10 

Rolled-Iron Fencing Wire 9 .=i „ 9 in 

Rolled-Steel Fencing Wire 7 3 0,, 7 10 

„ „ „ Galvanised. 9 0,, 9 10 

Oast-Iron Sash Weights 4 17 „ 4 17 

Cut Floor Brads 10 10 „ 10 IJ 

Corrugated Iron, 24 gauge 15 5 ,, — 

Tin per cwt. 11 „ — 

Cut Nails (per cwt. basis, ordinary 

brand) 11 ;! „ — 

Cast-iron Socket Pipes — 

Sin. diameter £5 17 6 to £j i 6 

4in.to6in 5 15 „ 6 

7in. to 24in. (all sizes) 5 2 6,, 5 15 

[Cf)ated with composition, 5s. Od. per ton extra ; turned 
and bored joints, 5s. Od. per ton extra.] 

Pig Iron — Per ton. 

Cold Blast, Lilleshall I lOs. Od. to 117s. ed 

Hot Blast, ditto 70s. Od. „ 75s. Od. 

Wrought-Iron Tubes and Fittings— Discount off Standard 
Lists f .o.b (plus o per cent.) ; — 

Gas-Tubes 67|p.c. 

Water-Tubes 62} „ 

Steam-Tubes 57} „ 

Galvanised Gas-Tubes 55 „ 

Galvanised Water-Tubes 50 ,, 

Galvanised Steam- Tubes 45 ,, 


lOcwt. casks, ocwt. casks. 

Per ton. Per ton. 

Spelter, Bilesian £23 to £23 10 

Lead Water Pipe, Town 23 7 6 „ — 

„ „ „ Country 24 2 6 „ — 

Lead Barrel Pipe, Town 21 17 6 „ — 

Country 24 12 6 „ — 

Lead Pipe, Tinned inside. Town 24 1-7 6 „ — 

„ ,. .. ., Country 25 12 6 „ — 
Lead Pipe, Tinned inside and 

outside Town 26 7 6 „ — 

„ , Country S7 2 6 „ — 

Composition Gas-pipe, Town 25 7 6 „ — 

„ .. Cnuntry ,. 26 2 6 ,, — 
Lead Soil-pipe ^om. and 6in. 

extra) Town 25 7 6 ., — 

„ „ „ „ Country 26 2 6 „ — 

Lead Shot, in •281b. bags 15 „ 15 5 

Copper Sheets, sheathing and rods 124 „ 121 10 

Copper, British Cake and Ingot... Ill „ 11110 

Tin, Straits 188 5 „ 183 15 

Do., English Ingots 192 „ 192 1) 

Pig Lead 21 3 9 „ - 

Sheet Lead, Town .-.. 22 17 6 „ — 

„ „ Country ...: 23 12 6 „ — 

Genuine White Lead 26 15 „ — 

Keflned Red Lead 24 15 „ — 

Sheet Zinc 35 „ — 

Old Lead, against account 18 17 6 „ — 


Teak, Burmah per load £9 to £19 10 

„ Bangkok . 8 15 „ 17 10 

Quebec Pine, yellow per load 3130,, 650 

„ Oak „ .. 10 „ 9 5 

„ Birch 2 10 „ 5 

„ Elm ,...426,, 900 

„ Ash ...450,, 700 

Dantaic and Memel Oak ,, .. 3 10 „ 7 

Fir , ... 3 12 6 „ 5 

Wainscot, Riga p. log 2 5 0,, 5 15 

Lath, Dantsic, p.f 4 0,, 600 

St. Petersburp .. .. 4 ., 6 

Deals, per St. Petersburg Standard, 120— 12ft. by IJin. 
by llin. : — 

ftuebec. Pine, 1st £22 to £35 5 

„ 2nd IS „ 23 15 

„ 3rd 11 10 „ 14 5 

Canada Spruce, 1st 11 10 ,, 16 

2nd and 3rd 9 5 0,, 11 

New Brunswick '. 8 10 „ 10 

Riga 7 15 „ 9 

St. Petersburg 8 0,, 17 

Swedish 7 15 „ 20 5 

Finland 8 10 „ 9 

White Sea 10 „ 20 5 

Battens, all sorts 6 0,, 13 5 

Flooring Boards, per square of lin. : — 

Istprepared £0 14 6 to £0 17 3 

2nd ditto... 13 „ 14 3 

Other qualities 5 0,, 13 

Staves, per standard M ; — 

U.S., pipe £37 10 to £45 

Memel, cr. pipe '220 „ 230 

Memel, brack 190 „ 200 


Bi'ii.Disc; Wood. At per standard. 

Deals: 3in. by llin. and 4in. by £ s. d. £ s. d 

9in. and llin 13 10 to 15 

Deals: 3 by 9 13 ., 14 

Battens : 2^in. by 7in. and 8in.. 

and 3io. by 7in. and 8in 11 .. 12 

Battens : 2} by 6 and 3 by 6 10 less than 

7in. & Bin. 

Deals: seconds 10 lessthanbest 

Battens; seconds l(t ., ,, 

2in. by tin. and 2in. by 6in. ... 9 to 10 

'2in. by 4iin. »nd 2ia. by oin. .. 8 10 ., 9 10 
foreign Pawn Boards— 

lin. and l^in. by lin. 10 more than 


Jin 10 „ 

Fir limber : best middling Danzig At per load of 50ft. 

or Memel 4 10 to 5 

Seconds 4 „ 4 10 

Small timber ."^in to Win. . 3 12 6 ., 3 15 

Small timber 6in. to Sin 3 „ 3 10 balks 2 10 .. 3 

Pitch-pine timber 30ft. a\erage 4 ., 4 15 

Joiners" Wood. 
White Sea : first yellow deals. At per standard. 

3in by llin 24 to 25 

3in. by 9in 22 „ '23 

Battens, 25in. and 3in. by 7in. 16 10 „ 18 

Second yellow deals, 3in. by lin. .. IS 10 „ 20 

3inby9in. . 17 10 ,, 19 

Battens. 2'.in. and 3in. by 7in. 13 10 ., 14 10 

Third yellow' deals, Bin. by llin. 

andOin 13 10 „ 15 

Battens, 2Jin. and .3in. by 7in. 11 „ 12 
Petersburg first yellow deals, 

3in. by llin 21 „ 22 10 

Do. 3in. byflin ...18 ,. 19 10 

Battens .. 13 10 „ 15 

Seeondyellowdeals,3in. byllin. 16 ., 17 

Do. 3in. by9in 14 10 ,. 16 

Battens 11 ,. 12 10 

Third yellow deals. 3in. by llin. 13 ., 14 

Do. .3in. bySin 12 10 „ 14 

Battens 10 ., 11 

White Sea and Petersburg — 

First white deals, 3in. bv llin. 14. 10 .. 15 10 

3in. bv 9in. 13 10 .. 14 10 

Battens 11 ., 12 

Second white deals. 3in. by llin. 13 10 „ 14 10 

Sin. by flin. 12 10 ,. 13 10 

battens 10 ., 11 

Pitch pine : deals 18 ., 21 

Under 2in. thick extra 10 ,. 10 

Yell-'w Pine— Kiret, regular sizes 44 and over. 

Oddments .. 32 

Seconds, regular sizes 33 „ 

Yellow Pine oddments 28 

Kauri Pine -Planks per ft. cube.. 3 6 to 5 
Danzig and Stettin Oak Logs — 

Large, per ft. cube 3 0,. 036 

Small 2 6 ., 2 9 

Wainscot Ciak Logs, per ft. cube.. 5 6., 060 
Drv Wainscot Oak, per ft. sup.. 

a"s inch W ,. 9.i 

Jin. do. do 7 ., 8 

Dry Mahogany — Honduras, Ta- 
basco, per "ft. super, as inch .009 ,. 010 
Selected, Figury, per ft. super. 

as inch 16.. 026 

Dry Walnut. American, per ft. 

super, asinch 10 .. 10 

Teak, per load 17 „ 2i 

American Whitewood Planks, per 

ft. cube 4 0,, 050 

Prepared Flooring. &c. — 
lin. bv 71n. yellow, planed and Per square. 

shot £0 13 6 to £J 17 6 

lin. by 7in. yellow, planed and 

matched 14 „ 18 

IJin. by 7in. yellow, planed and 

matrhed ' 16 C .. 10 

lin. by 7in. white, planed and 

shot 12 .. 14^ 6 

lin. by 7in. white, planed and 

matched 12 6 „ 15 

IJin. by 7in. white, planed and 

matched 15 .. 16 6 

Jin. by 7in. yellow, matched and 

beaded or V-jointed boards ... 11 ,. 11 6 

lin. by7in. „ „ ... 014 „ 18 

Jin. by 7in. white „ ... 10 ,. 11 6 

lin. by7in. „ „ ... 12 9 ,. 15 

6in. at 6d. to 9d. per 8<)uare less than 7in. 


Darlev Dale, in blocks per foot cube £0 2 3 

Red Mansfield, ditto „ ... 2 4J 

Closeburn Red Freestone, ditto , ... 1 lOJ 

Hard York, ditto „ ... 2 10 

Ditto ditto 6iu. sawn both sides, landings, 

random sizes per foot sup. 2 8 

Ditto ditto Sin. slabs sawn two sides, 

random sizes , . C 1 3 

• All F.O.R, London. 

Bath Stone, dehvered on rail at quarry stations 

per foot cube £0 1 
Delivered on road waggons, Padd^gton 

Depot „ ... 1 6» 

Ditto ditto Nine Elms Depot ... 1 8j 

Beer Stone, delivered on rail at Seaton 

Station „ ... 10 

Ditto, delivered at Nine Elms Station 16 

Portland Stone, in random blocks of 20ft. average :— 

Brown White. 
"Whit Bed. Base Bed. 
Delivered to railway depot at the 

quarry per foot cube £0 1 5J ... £0 1 7J 

UeUvered on road waggons \ 

at Paddington Depot , . . ( 

Ditto Nine Elms Depot... I 

Ditto Pimlico Wharf ' 

tJ 2 1 

2 ?> 


Hard Stocks £1 10 per 1,000 alongside, in n\n . 

Rough Stocks and 

Grizzles 17 „ .. „ 

Picked Stocks for 

Facings 2 17 6 „ delivered. 

Flettons 18 „ at railwav station. 

Red Wire Cuts 1 14 „ 

Best Fareham Red 3 12 „ 
Best Red Pre.ssed 

Ruabon Facing ,. 5 „ . ,, 
Best Blue Pressed 

Staffordshire 3 15 „ 

Do. Bullnose 4 

Best Stourbridge 

Fire Bricks .. 3 14 C 

Glazed BrI' ks. 

Best White and 

Ivory Glazed 

Stretchers 12 o „ 

Headers 11 „ ,. ., 

Quoins, Bullnose, 

and Flats .. .. 16 „ 

Double Stretchers 19 „ „ ., 

Double Headers ... 16 C ,, „ -, 

One Side and two 

Ends 19 

Two Sides and one 

End 20 „ 

Splays, Cham- 
fered. Squints ... 20 
Best Dipptl Salt 

Glazed Stretchers, 

and Header 12 „ 

Quoins, Bullnose, 

and Flats 14 

Double Stretchers 15 „ ,. 

Double Headers .. 14 C „ 

One Side and two 

Ends 15 

Two Sides and one 

End 16 

Splays, Cham- 
fered. S'luinfs 14 ,, 
Second Quality 

White and 

Dipped Salt 

Glazed 2 „ lessthanbest. 

Thames and Pit Sand 7 per yard, delivered. 

Thames Ballast 5 6 „ „ 

Best Portland Cement 27 per ton „ 

Best Ground Blue Lias Lime 19 ,, „ 

Exclusive of charge for sacks. 

Grey Stone Lime lis. ed. per yard, deliveinl. 

Stourbridge Fireclay in sacks '278. Od. per ton at riy. stn. 


In. In. £ s. d. 

Blue Portmadoc '20x10 .12 12 6perl000of l'200at r.-tn. 

„ ... 16x t> .. *i 12 6 ,. „ 

Blue Bangor ...20x10.13 2 6 

'20x12 ..13 17 6 

Firstquality '20x10 ..13 

20x12 .13 15 n 

16x 8... 7 5 

Eureka unfading 

green '20x10. ..15 17 6 

..'20x12 ..18 7 6 

...18x10 ..13 5 

.. 16x 8 ..10 5 

Permanent green 20 X 1 .. 1 1 12 ti .. .. ,, ' 

.. 18x10 .. 9 12 6 

., .. .. 16 » 8 .. 6 12 l" 


s. d. 

Plain red roofing tiles ... 42 per 1000 at riy. stat if n 

Hip and Valley tiles 3 7 per doz. „ 

Broseley tUes 50 per 1000 

Ornamental tiles 52 6 „ „ „ 

Hip and Valley tiles 4 per doz 

Ruab n red, bro«n. or brin- 
dled do. , Edwards) .57 6 per 1000 

OmamenUil do 60 „ „ 

Hiptiles 4 Opctdoz 

Valley tiles 3 „ 

Red or Mottled Stafford -hire 

do. iPeake'si 51 9 per 1000 

Ornamental do 54 6 ,. „ .. 

Hiptiles 4 1 per doz. at riy. station 

Valley tiles 3 8 ,. 

" Rosemary " bitind plain 

tiles ....48 pel 1000 

Ornamental tiles 50 „ 

Hiptiles . 4 per doz 

Valley tiles 3.8 ,. „ 

" Hartshill " brand plain 

tiles, sand-faced 50 per 1000 

Pressed ... 47 6 ,, ., 

Ornamental do 50 ,, ., 

Hiptiles 4 OperdoK. „ 

Valley tilts .36,. 

Jan. 18, 1907, 





VOL. XCII.— No. 271A. 



WHEN Mr. i'iainmell recently brought 
forward a resolution at the IM.Ii.A., 
ailvocating that all competitions tor public 
buildings erected by public money should be 
thrown open to the profession at large, he 
•and the large numbi'r of young men present 
hardly recognised that there was another 
side to the question. They have passed their 
resolution certainly : but whether it is going 
to have any great practical effect remains to 
be seen. The young man, burning with a 
desire to show his abilit}' and to obtain a 
standing by means of competition work, is 
naturally anxious for every opportunity to be 
])ut in his way of competing against his 
fellows ; and undoubtedly there is a good 
deal to be said in favour of this, jjro- 
vided that he is perfectly prepared to fail 
again and again, looking upcm the exorcise 
as the of speculations, with success as 
fn far off and unlikely event, and the greatest 
good to be obtained from entry, the 
acquiring of valuable exjierience in planning 
■and design, ^\'hen the contemplated build- 
ing is one of great magnitude or importance, 
unquestionably the right thing is an open 
competition. The 2>romoters desire the very 
best design possible, and recognise that this 
is the only means by which it can be ob- 
tained, while they are willing to put up with 
the delay, inconvenience, and trouble which 
the holding of an open comjietition entails. 
i''or there is a large amount of trouble in- 
volved, and of expense also, not merely 
in the payment of the assessor's fees, but 
in arranging for an exhibition of the drawings 
and for a large amount of clerical and 
official labour. Architects, too, are justified 
in entering, for the proportionate cost of 
preparing the preliminary sketches is not 
great as compared with the premiums 
offered and the percentage which accrues 
to the successful man, to say nothing 
of the prestige gained amongst his pro- 
fessional brethren and the consequent pro- 
spects of future work. When the building 
is small, however, all these considerations 
are reversed. A large corporation about to 
erect a building to cost, say, £l()0,0()(), is 
willing to spend a few hundreds in the 
expenses of a competition ; but these expenses 
are not greatly reduced if the building itself 
is one which will not involve an expenditure 
of more than a twentieth of that sum. The 
proportion teUs against the promotors. It is 
the same with regard to time— often a matter 
of quite as much importance as money. Six 
months is [not an unreasonable period to 
spend in selecting the best scheme for a 
building which will take five \ears to erect, 
but it is out of all reasonable proportion to 
the nine or twelve months which should 
suffice for a small one. and no open competi- 
tion can be carried through in less. Still, 
there are public bodies of "lesser magnitude 
who are rather proud of the position which 
an open competition places them in, and if 
encom-agcd \yill initiate such in order to 
enjoy the position of prominence into which 
it brings them, for the sense of self-import - 
3nc*) is very strong indeed amongst local 
politicians. Financially, the ratepayers are 
burdened, and the building delayed : but 
that is a small matter to the actual pro- 
moters. The competition is advertised, and 
the building being a simple one, the number 
of competitors is unduly largo. Each indi- 
vidual set of drawings may not cost much : 
out it has been demonstrated on many an 
occasion that the total cost to their authors 

has been more than sufficient to erect the 
building. What, then,, is the advantage to 
the profession, as a whole, of holding an open 
competition under such circumstances!- That 
architects were losers and not gainers by the 
system where .small work was concerned 
was recognised many years ago, and in 
order to meet the case a sy.stem of re- 
stricted or limited competitions has grown 
up, to which the younger men now 
object. The spirit in which they are taking 
it is not so much that of the sportsman as of 
the gambler, who, pitted against the bank- 
holder, knows that although he may by some 
chance win a fortune himself, there is an 
absolute certainty that the bank will win in 
the long run, and that the gamesters as a 
body will lose. The present movement is a 
reaction, duo to the principle of restriction 
having of late years been extended, bej-ond 
reason, to include several competitions for 
large and important buildings where a general 
invitation would have been preferable, and 
to a feeling which, though unexpressed sa\e 
in a few instances, has yet become very 
marked, that a ring is being formed of a 
certain few men, who are invited to partici- 
pate again and again while the members of the 
rank and file, unknown but frequentl_y of con- 
siderable capacity, are not being given a fair 

Now there are two ways in which restric- 
tion is possible. ( )ne is for the promoters, 
with or without the advice of a previously 
appointed assessor, to select a certain number 
of architects to compete, paying each one of 
these a small fee for the preparation of his 
drawings, and placing the work in the hands 
of him who, in the opinion of the assessor, pro- 
duces the most satisfactory scheme. This is 
the course which is generally adopted by 
public bodies round about London, and by 
those who have instituted limited competitions 
for buildings of any magnitude. Sometimes 
all architects are invited by advertisement in 
the first instance to apply for admission to 
compete, stating that thej- are willing to do so, 
and setting forth what buildings of a similar 
nature to the one now contemplated they have 
hitherto carried out or been engaged upon. 
This enables the promoters to select onl}^ 
men of experience, from whom satisfactory 
schemes may be expected. From the pro- 
moters" point of view, it is one of the best 
methods possible of securing what they want 
at a reasonable expenditure of time and 
money ; but it is naturally not so satis- 
factory to the young and unknown man. 
lie generally wishes to enter for anj-- 
thing and everything, whether his know- 
ledge is such as to justify him lin doing 
so or not. For works of moderate size, how- 
ever, a competition conducted' on these lines 
has a very great deal to recommend it. It 
saves time, money, and temper upon the part 
both of promoters and of competitors. 

.V second method of restricting competi- 
tions, often emploj-ed in the provinces, is 
that of advertising them as being open only 
to architects practising within a certain 
I'adius of the place where the building is to 
be erected. When the matter was discussed 
at the Institute recently there were verj- few 
provincial men present : otherwise the advan- 
tages of local restriction such as this would 
have been much more forcibly put forward 
than was the case. The architects in out- 
lying provincial districts used at one time to 
complain that all important work went to 
Ijondon men, and it has been due to the re- 
presentations of provincial societies that the 
system of local competitions has become one 
of considerable adoption. The men in, say, 
the Newcastle district see no more reason 
why a large technical school to be erected 
there should be designed and carried out by 
a South-country architect than does the 
average Ijondon man why a German or a 
I'Venchman should erect the new County Hall. 
The provincial and local instinct is verv' 
strong, and, as a general rule, it may be 

admitted that the results iu the past have 
justified restriction in this way when the 
works have been of other than first-class im- 
portance. Taking the whole country over, 
each man iu turn obtains his opportunity, 
and when it occurs he has a better chance of 
success, owing to the comparatively small 
number of schemes submitted, than he would 
have if the competition were open to all. 

The Institute may pass resolutions in any 
number, but it is impossible to overcome the 
arguments which we have stated above when 
they are brought before a body of level- 
headed town councillors or guardians, while 
the younger architects themselves would be 
the very first to cry out if open competitions 
became customary for every little jjarish hall 
or local school, without restriction as to 
localit}' or experience, with the result that 
hundreds of designs would be submitted in 
each case. Fortunately, the matter is not in 
the hands of architects entirely, for although 
their representations may have some weight, 
)-et, on the whole, the restricted competition 
system has worked so well that it is not 
likely to be abandoned by those who have 
hitherto adopted it with success. Promoters 
have, in fact, found limited competitions so 
satisfactory that they prefer them even in 
the case of large buildings, though the argu- 
ments in their favour are then by no means 
so strong. The vei'y magnitude and com- 
plexity of the work itself acts in a restrictive 
manner, reducing the number of competitors 
within reason. 

While we acknowledge that the profession 
of architecture is particularly favourable to the 
capable man through the possibilities which 
competitions offer, we should greatly regret 
to see the whole body of the lyounger prac- 
tising architects in the country converted 
into mere .speculative gamblers, losing, as a 
body and with their eyes open, large sums of 
money in order that a few might here and 
there secure the privilege of doing a small 
piece of work, on what, after all, is little more 
than a living wage for it. 



upon engineering subjects are all of 
such an exhaustive nature that the appear- 
ance of a new one cannot be lightly jjassed 
over. Hitherto he has dealt mainly with 
engineering in connection with water, his 
works on "Rivers and Canals" and "Har- 
bours and Docks"' being recognised as 
authoritative, and it is thus natural to find 
that in dealing with the subject of Sanitary 
Engineering he has confined himself very 
largely to those branches of the subject 
in which water plays a large part, notably 
water supply, well-sinking, reservoirs, and 
sewage-disposal works on a large scale. The 
book, as the author remarks in his ])reface, 
has occupied all the leisure time he has been 
able to spare for the last five years, and it 
bears the impress from start to finish of 
mature and deliberate consideration, well- 
recognised and fully-established facts and 
methods of construction being advocated in 
all cases in preference to those which are at 
present in an experimental stage. As a rule 
he avoids controversy : but he has not hesi- 
tated to enter into it with vigour in one im- 
portant matter, condemning utterly the so- 
called " alarming scientific discovery," made 
in the early part of 190 j, that a dam collapses 
first by the tension on the vertical sections of 
the tail — that, in fact, the current theory of 
the stability of dams was both theoretically 
and experimentally erroneous, and that it 
could be demonstrated by theory that the 

' Sanitary En^neering with respect to Water Supply 
and Sewage Disposal. By L. F. Vebsos-Harcoukt, M. A.. 
M.Inst. C.E., author of " Rivers and Canals," " Harbours 
and Docks," " Achievements in Engineering," and " Civil 
Engineering as Applied in Construction." Longmans, 
Oreen, and Co., 39, Patemoster-row, EC. Trice 14s. 



•Tax. 18, 1907. 

vertical, ami not tlio horizontal, sections were 
the critical ono-s. These conclusions had 
been arrived at by drawing-room experi- 
nrents, made with small wooden models, con- 
sisting of a number of unconnected slices, 
strengthened against shearing by pasting 
tissue - paper over the front and back 
faces. So long as the slices were hori 
zontal the results corresponded very nearly 
with those obtained by calculation in the 
ordinary way ; but when the model was 
divided into a series of vertical slices, in .spite 
of the tissue paper strengthening the collapse 
occurred with considerably smaller pressure. 
The model dam first opened up close to the 
tail, and then sheared over. The fallacy of 
this is obvious when it is considered that in 
practice a masonry dam is built in a series of 
horizontal courses or layers ; but that verti- 
call}' no such courses appeared, it being in- 
variably insisted upon that in this direction 
there shall be proper bonding. Thus, instead 
of its being necessary, as in an actual masonry 
structure when the toe rests upim the solid 
rock, for the centre of gravity of the whole 
dam to be raised before it could be c iverturned, 
the little slices of the model, independent 
and narrow, could each be tipped over by a 
moderate horizontal pressure without any 
practical raising of the centre of gravity of 
each separate slice. It might be thought 
that \[r. Harcourt's contention was as com- 
pletely theoretical as that of the model 
maker, but for the fact that numberless 
dams ha\e been erected in accordance with 
the recognised theory of water pressures and 
the correct form for masonry dams exposed 
to_ such, which was determined about the 
middle of the 19th century by careful mathe- 
matical calculations carried out by a French 
engineer. All these have withstood their 
pressure successfully to an e.^tent tar exceed- 
ing what would have been possible had they 
been built in vertical .slices as the models 
wei-e, and when failirres have occurred, due 
to exceptional water pressure, solid masses of 
the dams have been carried bodily down 
stream, in an upright ijosition, by the 
horizontal pressure. They have not tipped 
over, nor have they failed by vertical disloca- 
tions in front. As Mr. llarcourt very reason- 
ably says, " wheni'\er a theory. howe\er 
authoritatively advanced, is e\idently at 
variance with actual occurrences, it may 
safely be disregarded."' 

Mr. llarcourt commences his book by a 
short historical disquisition upon ancient 
waterworks and considerations of rainfall, 
but very soon passes to the more practical 
matters of well boring and investigations of 
water-bearing strata ; all of which may be 
considered authoritative, and is valuable 
I'eading, not only for the waterworks engineer, 
but in many cases also for the architect, who 
is fre<iueutly <-'alled upon to select sites for 
wells for the supply of isolated country 
houses, and to determine the means of water 
supply thereto. It is not everyone who has a 
sufficient knowledge of geology, even of his 
own immediate neighbourhood, to bo able to 
determine off-hand where a good supply of 
water is likely to be found : but ho may 
obtain a considerable amount of assistance 
from consideration of the few simple facts 
enunciated in this book, if he have the .sense 
to consult and sullicient intelligence to ap- 
preciate a good geological niajiof the district. 
It sometimes hajipens, for instance, that of 
two wells close together, one of them. A, may 
reach an ample supply of water at a moderate 
depth, while another, B, though carried 
down to a greater depth and into apparently 
the same strata, may entirely fail to obtain a 
supply. Such a. thing may \ ery well hajipen 
should a "fault" exist, as shown in the 
diagram given herewith (Fig. 19 in the book), 
for the permeable stratum has been shifted, 
and although water jiermeates down through 
it to A, it is stopped by the "fault," which 
stops up its end like the blocked end of a 
pipe with impermeable clay, while the dip 

Er:-ECT ov x Faclt ox Wateu Sci'PLy. 

is in such a direction that, although there is 
plenty of water at A, there is none at all at 
It. This instance is merely selected as tvpical 
of other equally simple matters which are 
explained in due course : but it will servo to 
show how obvious an explanation will fre- 
quently solve a problem which might puzzle 
even an experienced man whose acquaintance 
with geology was not great. 

A great deal of attention is also given to 
the construction of masonry dams, it being 
demon.strated how exceedingly necessary it 
is tliat the tads should always be properly 

few well-known forms of taps for constanf 
service, that it is quite a common thing for 
house cisterns to be provided, even if there 
be a constant supply of water, and that then 
the pressure on the house taps is always 
small. There are certain!}' great advantages 
in the constant .supply ; but if there be no 
service cistern at all, there is the disadvan- 
tage that if the main be stopped down for 
repau-s or by accident, even for a few hours, 
the household supjdy is immediately and 
entirely out off. There is consequently a 
great deal to be said for giving each house- 

--3 ?^ .■,■. .-;•■;;'<;:. r.:\v>XWN 



Uj'wauii Filtu.\tiox AXii XiTKiricATiox OF Sewac:e : ScoTT-JIoxcuiEir System. 

bonded into a rook foundation. Many sec- 
tions are given, and it is shown that in almost 
every case of failure there has been an in- 
sufficient bonding of that kind. In dams of 
moderate depth the internal face is usually 
vertical : but larger dams have generally an 
internally battered face also, although not 
to so great an extent, so as to reduce the 
horizontal water pressure. The hydraulic 
advantage is, of course, that of changing 
the direction of the w.ater jiressure, which 
always acts perpendicularly to the surface 
pressed upon : but the great lesson seems to 
bo that no one case can ever be considered as 
exactly applicable to another — circumstances 
or surroimdings, a possibly high flood-level 
and the necessary provisions for overflow, as 
well as the nature of the foundations, all 
having to bo taken into consideration. 
Where overflow is permitted above the top 
surface of the dam, it is necessary to form 
a species of wave-curve so as to ease the 

After all, however, those are ratlier matters 
of high engineering knowledge than of interest 
to architects and builders, who would be more 
concerned with the later chapters of the book, 
commencing with the distribution of water 
supply, and the taps and hydrants which 
ought to be used under various conditions. 
The intermittent system of supply is now so 
rarely adopted that Mr. llarcourt practically 
ignores it ; but he forgets, in advocating a 

a cistern which will contain, say, a six 
hours' supply. The water is not liable to 
stagnate under constant service, as it used to 
do when intermittent service was common. 
A\'hene\er any water is drawn from a taji 
the ball-cock acts and fresh water enters the 
cistern in such a manner as to aerate the 
water in it and keep it fresh. In this way 
cistern water constantly supj)lied may even 
be of higher quality and more recently 
aerated than that which is drawn direct 
from the main, provided that the ristern hr 
cleaned with tolerable regularity. If a hou>.- 
is to have a circulating hot-water service ;i 
supply cistern is essential to it, as, if thi" 
boiler wore supplied direct fi'om the pressure- 
main, the water would be ejected from th.' 
steam escape. As a constant hot-wat'r 
service of this kind is to be found in almost 
all middle-class houses, it natiu-ally follows 
that there must be a cistern, even though 
it may be small, in order to supply it : and 
if there be a cistern at all there is no reason 
why it should not also be used for the main 
cold-water service to the house. It appears 
to us as if this portion of the book might 
well be extended, the internal fittings being 
at least as imi)ortant from a sanitary point 
of view as such matters of general supply 
as waste and other wat<>r meters. 

Mr. llarcourt advocates the use of water 
meters to a larger extent than is common in 
this country, saving that there would be a 

Jax. is, 1907. 



_'ivat reduction of waste if they were eni- 
] 'loved. England is, however, well accus- 
t'lued to payment of the water for household 
]iuri>oses upun a rating value. This is much 
the more simple method, even if it does lead 
to a certiiin amount of water waste. It saves 
the expense of the meters and an army of 
:i*p<?ctors, while it is to be feared that many 
liusy householder, who now thinks nothing 
vi keejiing her house and children clean, 
would be greatly tempted to allow dirt to 
reign supreme if it meant the saving of a few 
shillings in a water charge. 

There is inadetjuate consideration of almost 
all other internal fittings, possibly due to a 
want of thorough investigation of the sub- 
ject. There is even atlvocacy of the old 
grease-trap, and of the dip-trap, now quite 
■out of date. The ordinary gully, such as is 
shown in Fig. 204, is far" preferable, and is 
almost invariably used in domestic work, 
being only supereeded by a flushing gully — 
certainly not by a gi-ease-trap — in large 
■estiiblishments. This same Fig. L'fH shows a 
drawn lead S-trap beneath a scuUery sink, 
having a quite insufficient dip. These traps 
are generally insisted upon by sanitary 
authorities, but are extremely deep, while 
householders object to them, as thev fre- 
quently choke, 2'1'et'erring the pipe "to be 
untrapped so long as it discharges in the open 
air over the gully or channel leading thereto, 
and this in spite of the up-draught which 
occms through an open pipe of thatcharacter, 
with possibly the admission of bad odoirrs 
from decomposing grease in the gully. 

The book would have been the better, in 
fact, had the chapters on internal fittings 
been written by someone who was better 
acquainted \vith them, Mr. Ilarcourt con- 
lining himself to the larger matters of water 
supply and sewage disposal, with which he is 
personally well 'acquainted. In the sub- 
sequent chapters, which deal with sewage 
lifting, storm overflows, and sewer ventila- 
tors, there is not only no fault to be found, 
but only praise to be bestowed, even though 
an unnecessary amount of space is devoted 
to methods of disposal which are now 
becoming antiquated and rarely adopted in 
new installations, such as the conveyance of 
sludge to sea and treatment by broad ii-riga- 
tion. A comprehensible, but hardlv ex- 
haustive, exposition of bacterial disposal 
completes the book, some well-known systems 
coming in for scant recognition. This is 
itself so large a subject that it might well 
have had more than a single chapter devoted 
to it, and yet not have been exhaustive. The 
book concludes well by an illustration and 
description of Scott-Moncrieff's svstem of 
upward filtration and nitrification, which 
closely conforms to the due cycle of bacterial 
changes. The sewage rises up through the cul- 
tivation filters, where the anaerobic bacteria 
are placed under conditions most favourable 
for their gi-owth and activity in the lower 
portion, while as the sewage rises through 
the filter some aeration commences, favouring 
the appearance of aerobic bacteria, the two 
working simultaneously m the second stao-e, 
where the filter consists of a number of 
earthenware jars supplied by a dip pipe from 
the aaerobic filter, and emptying through 
another dip pipe on to tipping troughs, which 
supply a series of nitrifying trays, fully 
exposed to the air, and co'nsequently imder 
the action of aerobic bacteria onlv. 

'■PHE si.xth ordinary meeting of the present session 
-■- was held at IS, Tufton-street, \y.. on Friday 
evening, Jlr. Walter Cave, Vice-President, in the 
chaii. rhe Chairman stated that their President 
Mi. J£. S. BiUfour. who recently underwent a serious 
operation, was progressinsr as well as could be 
expected, and had now left the nursing home. 
i, Uiairman further announced the election of 
T "t ^' ''""<^*' =^"1 *•»« reinstatement of Mr. 
i-- I. (i. DDnaldson Selbv : further, that ilr. 

Francis K. Taylor had been awarded a prize of 
£:i lis., in connection with the A. A. Photographic 


Ml!. Temi'le Mooue, F.R.I.B.A. read the 
following paper iqion this subject : — In speaking 
of the arrangement and design of modem English 
churches, I am assuming that such a building is 
in the Hothic manner, for whatever may be the 
merits of revived llodern British Classic, which 
appears, for the present, to liold the field so far 
as civil architecture is concerned, I trust that we 
are not likely to return to more or less skilfully 
applied arrangements of the Five < irders for our 
ecclesiastical buildings. For one reason, what- 
ever may be the case with our civil buildings, the 
strictest economy is in most instances a necessity 
in the ordinary course of modern church building, 
consistent with a substantial structure, and, well 
understood. Uothic may be so handled that a good 
architectural effect can be produced in the sim- 
plest way, without having to depend on applied 
architectural ornaments. 


I do not mean to say that the style in which a 
building may be designed has anything to do 
with its suit.ability or convenience, which is 
entirely a matter of planning and genera! arrange- 
ment : but. on the other hand, one often hears it 
asserted that such and such a style is quite im- 
suited to modem requirements, as if the sections 
of the base mould of the door and window jambs 
could in any way affect the convenience or suit- 
ability of the building. It is no doubt true that 
the ordinary modem church possesses, as a rule, 
very little of either beauty or interest : and is 
also often far from satisfactory in general 
arrangement. The cause of this has often been 
that the designers of these buildings have had 

j little tirst-hand knowledge of the proper treat- 
ment of their subject, and possibly have taken 
little interest or pains in the matter, so that it is 

j not fair to lay these failures at the door of the 
style, nor to suppose that had all the caps been 
Corinthian or Doric the buildings in question 
would have been one whit better than they are. 


with a nave divided into comparatively narrow 
bays, with low lean-to aisles, a clerestory, with a 
very high-pitched main open roof, a chancel, 
generally lower than the nave, and divided from 
it by a heavy chancel arch, with the end of one 
aisle filled up by a vestry, and the other by an 
organ-chamber, on either side of the chancel, is 
probably as unsuitable a type as could have been 
selected for a large congregation. It has been 
repeated over and over again during the last 40 
years, and though one now frequently sees 
departures from it in the better modem work, it 
is still a type far too prevalent. How such a plan 
came to be so general I cannot say. I suppose it 
has a certain element of cheapness, and somehow 
got recognised as the correct thing for a church. 
It is curious that the elder Pu^in, who was prac- 
tically the pioneer in Revived Gothic, generally 
avoided this defective plan, and it is interesting 
to cite his churches at Birmingham and Derby, as 
well as St. George's, Southwark, as excellent 
examples of planning, suitable to modem re- 
quirements. In speaking of 


let US take the average size of a building suitable 
to a modern town parish, a building capable of 
accommodating, say, 600 to 900 people. Some 
people think that a mistake has been made in 
multiplying comparatively small parishes, and 
that it would have been better policy to have 
built larger churches to serve more ' extensive 
areas. Though doubtless such a system would 
have some advantages, we have to consider things 
as they are. Taking, then, a church of the above 
average size as a standard, the first question that 
should be always considered is laj-ing down the 
plan of the site. As a general rule, the sites 
available in the suburl)s of modem English towns 
have not much to recommend them in the way of 
picturcsqueness : but however dull they may be, 
there is generally some peculiarity which should 
influence the design of the building to be placed 
upon them. 


in modem work is that this question of the site is 

not nearly so carefully considered as it shoidd be. 

I This is certainly the case in a great deal of modem 

church building, and is also true to a certain ex- 

tent in nther branches of modem architecture — 
buildings looking, when they are finished, as if 
they had nothing to do with the place they happen 
to be in. 


Generally the plan of such a church as I am 
speaking of will probably resolve itself into a 
nave with aisles on either side, and this is often 
the best plan to be adopted ; but it is important 
to remember that in a church where practically 
the whole of the space, excepting the choir, is to 
be occupied by the congregation, that it is well to 
make the aisles and the arches separating them 
from the central nave as wide and spacious as 
possible. This makes the building, as much as 
can be. a simple whole internally, and will not 
make it like two or three buildings placed side by 
side. It is also important to carry the aisles 
eastward beyond the commencement of the 
chancel, to at least within one bay of the east 
end. as this opens the whole of the choir to the 
nave and aisles. A plan on these lines looks very 
sfjuare on jiaper ; but this is by no means a defect 
from a practical point of view, as the congrega- 
tion are more together than in a long and narrow 
building. The bays of the arcades should, in my 
opinion, be kept fairly wide ; the advantage of 
this is that a few large piUars do not cut up the 
interior of the building in the same degree as a 
greater number of small ones do. You must 
remember that in most old churches where the 
aisles are divided from the central nave by, com- 
paratively speaking, narrow bays, the aisles were 
little used for a general congregation, which was 
principally accommodated in the central part. It 
is, of course, impossible as a rule under present 
, conditions to lavish space in this way, when, for 
reasons of economy, everj' foot has to be considered. 


i In the English church the surpliced choir, 
though oft2n much abused, has practically become 
a fixed institution, and this being so, it is of the 
greatest importance that proper and ample space 
should be provided for it. This, unfortunately 
— generally from motives of economy — is rarely 
done in an efficient manner, and churches are 
disfigured by filling the choir with rows of what 
are real.y nothing but pews placed lengthwise, and 
with quite an insufficient central space between 
the front desks. There should, of course, be not 
more than two rows of stalls on either side of the 
chancel, and the longer the rows are, the better 
the effect. With regard to the sanctuary, here 
again it is of the utmost importance to provide 
ample space, especially in length, as without this 

j no dignity of effect can be obtained. Steps 

I should be kept low and broad, and arranged as far 
as possible in groups, so as to give wide platforms 
in front of the altar, and between the communion 
rail and the stalls. A few years ago it was the 

' fashion to very much exaggerate the ele\ation of 
the choir and altar : and latterly the tendency has 
been rather to the other extreme. For a church 
such as I am speaking of. an elevation of seven or 

' eight steps from the nave up to the altar would be 
quite sufficient. 


i is another important consideration ; the modem 
instrument, as a rule, has become so large that it 
is often a great difficulty to provide tor it. It is 
fatal to the internal defect of the building to block 
up the end of one of the choir aisles with the 
organ. Probably a chamber projecting from the 
aisles is, generally speaking, the best plan : but it 
is essential that there shoidd be plen.ty of height, 
and that the front should be as open as possible. 
Sometimes it is possible to arrange for the organ 
over the vestries, and where this is practicable, it 
is probably as good a plan as any. The rules 
laid down by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners 
and the Incorporated Church Building .Society 
are useful as a guide for the spacing of 
seats and widths of passages. These rules lay 
down quite the minimum space which should be 
allowed for these purposes, and rather more space 
should, where possible, be allowed. With 
regard to 


these are probably in most cases better omitted in 
a town church,- unless there is some prospect of 
enough money to build them of sufficient size 
without stinting the rest of the building. The 
poor little spire which one sometimes sees, with 
its top not verymnch higher than a neighbouring 
warehouse, or gin palace, is not an object worth 
spending money on. With regard to the position 
of the tower, the centre of the west end is, no 



J AX. ]8, 1907. 

doubt, generally speaking, the right place ; but 
frequently the exigencies of the site, especially in 
a town, render a departure from this very good 
general rule desirable. Regarding doorw;iys, you 
must remember that most urban by-laws have now 
stringent regulations which affect the design of 
these features ; and in most cases make a 
departure from the traditional treatment abso- 
lutely necessary. To return for a moment to the 
question of a general plan. You must not suppose 
that 1 think a central nave with side aisles is the 
only right arrangement: this is a point that 
should, to a great extent, be governed by the 
nature of the site. 


Where this happens to be a long and narrow 
site, probably a single span, with comparatively 
narrow side aisles or passage ways, is the best 
solution : but it must be remembered that a build- 
ing of this type requires considerable height to 
the wall plate in proportion to the clear width, if 
a good internal effect is to be obtained. A pro- 
portion, something after the manner of a covered 
railway station, is certain to be unsatisfactory. 
Another very simple and practical plan, which 
lulght be much more frequently adopted than it 
is, especially where economy has to be considered, 
is a nave and chancel of fair width, with an aisle 
on one side only, of about the same width and 
height. The 17th-century church of St. John's, 
Leeds, is a good example (though wanting in 
internal height) of how well a church of this type 
may look. There are, however, many ways by 
which a more or less difficult or irregular site may 
be successfully covered, while keeping in view 
the necessity for a spacious and open interior. 
Many suggestive examples of planning of this 
type may be foimd in the old towns of Germany 
and Belgium, as well as in France, where the 
churches have had to be fitted on to confined sites. 
In this country our old churches generally stand 
surrounded by churchyards, and the type of treat- 
ment I am speaking of is therefore comp.iratively 
rare here. The beautiful and interesting old 
ihurch of St. Crux, York, barbarously pulled 
down some twenty-five years ago, was. however, 
a good example of it. This question of planning 
is one that hardly too much care and attention 
can be given to if a satisfactory result is to be 
expected. However simple the plan may be, the 
success or otherwise of the building depends upon 
it quite as much as from the jesthetic point of 
view as from the pr.-ictical. Far too little atten- 
tion is. in my opinion, given by students and 
others to the study of the plans of our old churches. 
One is far too apt to be content with making 
pretty little sketches of details and parts, and 
neglecting the main dimensions of an old build- 
ing. Having settled the main lines of the general 
plan, the next question is 


and this, again, is a matter that is largely governed 
by the question of cost. Generally speaking, the 
higher in reason the wall-plate can be, the finer 
will be the effect intei nally. Xot much internal 
effect is gained by a very high pitched open roof, 
which is also likely to have practical disadvant- 
ages both acoustically and for purposes of warming 
and ventilation. The real proportion of the 
building is practically settled by the height of 
the walls, though the proportion may be com- 
pleted, so to speak, by the total height to the 
highest point of the internal ceiling, which may 
be of barrel or other form. < If course, there is no 
internal roof for a (iothic building equal to a stone 
or brick-groined vault : but this is a very ex]ien- 
sive method, and I am rather confining myself at 
present to what may be done in ordinary cases. 


Where only a moderate height to the wall-plate 
is possible, it is better not to attempt a clerestory, 
but to carry the nave arcades up to the full height. 
If the aisle, or aisles, are of about the same width 
as the nave, the y can be similaily roofed ; and the 
aisle walls in this case being the same height as 
the nave, the side windows can be kept well \ip, 
so as to thoroughly light the interior. This is a 
style of church very common in the West-country, 
though as a rule they are too low in their propor- 
tion. There are. however, some exceptions, such 
as the church at Dartmouth, which is a very good 
example of this class. This section of church is 
also common in Germany, where it is often seen 
carried out on a gr.and scale with vaulted roofs. 
AVhere your plan is arianged for narrower aisles 
than the type dcscrilied these may be roofed with 
tiat or lean-to roofs ; but in this latter case it wiU 

be generally found advisable to increase the 
height of the nave wall-plate, as otherwise the 
aisle walls will be too low to allow of sufficient 
elevation being given to the windows ; the result 
being that the interior will be badly lighted. 
This is a defect in this particular type which has 
to be guarded aeainst. Where, however, you can 
get a height of iMft. to 30ft. to the aisle wall-plate, 
and about S.ift. to the nave wall-plate, the 
difticidtv mentioned will not occur, and you will 
have sufficient height in the nave to have a really 
stately arcade. < )f course the lightning from a 
clerestory which is at all well designed is always 
very fine : but it should be remembered that the 
building being intended to be used altogether, the 
effect of the interior should be a spacious whole : 
this effect will be lost if the arcades are robbed 
for the fake of the clerestory, and the aisles thus 
become, as it were, subsidiary buildings to the 
nave. This is a perfectly right and proper treat- 
ment in certain cases, but not one to be aimed at 
in a building that should be designed to be used 
as a whole. 


As a rule it is better in a modern church to 
omit the chancel arch altogether, and to carry the 
building at one height through from end to end, 
because the large piers of the chancel arch tend to 
obstruct the view from the aisles into the choir, 
though there aie cases where a building has to 
he carried out in sections where the structural 
division between the nave and choir maybe 
highly desirable. Gf course this feature is the 
general rule in our ancient parish churches, 
though there are plenty of exceptions to it, such 
as St. Peter's, Mancroft, Norwich, and many 
others. It is also to be remembered, as regards 
the chancel arch, that its upper part was very 
often practically entirely covered by the Kre;,t 
rood loft and rood, with the space behind the 
rood filled in with boarding, on which was 
generallv a painting of the Last .lodgment. This, 
no doubt, would have a very fine architectural 
effect, but it is one that is larely possible under 
modern conditions. When a chancel arch is 
introduced, the choir wants to be of very con- 
siderable length. The ordinai-y modern custom of 
making it equal in length to two bays of the 
nave, and separated from the latter by an arch, 
never to my mind can give a satisfactory archi- 
tectural result ; and it only unnecessarily cuts up 
and confuses the interior. If you look at the 
plan of almost any old English parish church, 
you will nearly always be struck by the great 
length of the eastern limb, and this is an essential 
feature to the good architectural effect of what is 
with us the more common type of a Jledia'val 
church. This, however, is not the type which is 
the most suitable to our present requirements, and 
is shorn of its beauty of propoition when the 
eastern limb is, in the usual modern way, cut 
down to, about half its proper length. 


As to windows, the question is rather a difficult 
one in the present day, when as a rule it is not 
easy to get them filled with good stained glass. 
The most part of modem stained-glass work is 
certainly not worth providing extra large windows 
for, and it is seldom that one sees large windows 
filled in a really satisfactory manner, even by the 
best modern glass. I >n the other hand, it is a 
great mistake to under-window a building, as a 
gloomy ifiterior in this climate is geneially very 
unattractive and depressing. The great point is 
to keep the side windows as high up as possible 
in the walls, and this is the advantage of 
a clerestory ; but where the clerestory is 
lacking, a fine effect may be obtained by 
the proper arrangement of the west windows. 
The effect of the light coming in from a good 
height in the west wall has often as good a result 
as that from the clerestory. The arrangement of 
the east window, or windows, is a matter which 
may be so much varied according to the general 
design of the building that it is hardly possible 
to lay down any general rule on the subject. The 
large east window, traditional to English Gothic 
work, is a splendid thinj,' when properly designed, 
but it is certainly nut satisfactory without its 
stained glass. This is rarely now put in when a 
church is built, with the result that the effect 
possibly of a really well-designed window can 
often hardly be seen on account of the glare 
through the white glass. On the other hand, 
the east wall, which is the most conspicuous 
internal feature of the church, requires a 
good deal of breaking up, and a group- 
ing of windows with large piers between 

them would often gi\"c a better result than one 
very large window, especially where the stained 
glass has to be left to the future. The proportion 
and detail of the piers and aiches is another 
matter of the greatest importance. More may be 
done bv fine ample proportions, and good simple 
mouldings, than by a quantity of carving and 
ornament, and in this case, as well as with other 
features of the building, careful and continual 
study of our good ancient examples is absolutely 
essential if satisfactoiily designed modern work is 
to be produced. You cannot exrect fo be able to 
make up a successful (iothic building from plates 
in some particular book on ecclesiastical archi- 
tecture. \'aluable as many of these are, the old 
examples must be studied first hand. 


is a very usual feature in modern churches, and 
where properly managed adds much to the interest 
of the interior. It is generally placed on one side 
of the choir, as a sort of pendant to the vestry and 
organ-chamber, but this is not always the best 
position possible. Where there is sufficient length 
in the site, the chapel might very well be placed 
to the east of the end of the choir ; this would 
have the advantage of adding to the apparent 
length of the building, and the effect of the high 
altar is always more dignified if it is not placed 
immediately'against the end wall cf the church. 
The chapel, or chapels, should, however, be 
always enclosed with suitable scieen work. We 
have so far been considering the plan and 
sections of a building mainly as affecting the 
interior. With regard to 


it will generally be found that where the plan and 
sections have been carefullj' thought out, the 
external elevations will, as a lule, 30me into 
shape without any great difficulty. It is a mis- 
take, generally speaking, to start with some fi.xed 
notion as to the external appearance and then try 
to fit the interior to it. A building in the Gothic 
manner should, if it is to be successful, be designed 
from the inside outwards, and such very usual 
features as buttresses in a (iothic church are, 
properly speaking, part of the construction, and 
should not be introduced merely for the sake of 
dividing up the wall spaces and making the 
drawings look a little more busy and interesting. 
Well-designed buttresses, where they are required 
structurnlly, are one of the finest features of 
Gothic work : but they must not be used as the 
pilasters in a Classic front— merely as omaments, 
A good outline is of far greater importance to a 
building externally than any amo\mt of orna- 
mental detail, and it is a frequent fault with 
modern work that it is often overloaded with 
trivial detiiil, which, though it may make a set 
of drawings look more attractive, has only a 
harmful result when carried out in actual -work. 
.A good, well-proportioned building may very 
possibly be greatly improved by well- designed 
and suitable detail and enrichment : but no 
amount of either of these latter will conceal a bad 
design. Many people do not realise the fact that 
a building is never seen in the way that it is 
shown on architectural elevations and sections, 
and with the view of making these Latter attractive- 
looking, features are often put in that the actual 
building would be better without. Good (iothic 
does not consist in the endless multiplication of 
cusps and pater:e or monograms, charming as 
these ornaments may be when judiciously used. 
A great deal also depends on the proper use of 
materials. A good design may easily be i educed 
to a very dull level in actual work, if the modern 
method "of having every .'•tone exactly the same 
colour and size, and every brick the same colour 
and so on. is followed. It is extraordin.ary how 
difficult it often is to cret workmen, and others, to 
understand this, and it will take years to eradicate 
the traditions of Portland cement stucco. This 
also applies to other trades wheic. for instance, it 
is most difficult to get men who should know to 
carry out Gothic oak work properly. They 
caniiot forbear the use of sandpaper and glue 
unless they are most carefully watched. Having 
dealt so far with the general structure of the 
building, I will siy a few words in conclusion as 
to its 


Unfortunately, it often happens that gifts arO 
made of fittings and furniture, of metal, wood- 
work, ii'. bought ready m.ade from the ecclesias- 
tical furniture shops, arid these things, as a rule, 
arc of the very worst and poorest description, both 
in design and artistic workmanship. It is not. 

Jan. 18, 1907. 


hovrever, fair to overlook the fact that furniture 
aod accessories such as I am speaking of, which 
have been spniallii designed, are often little better, 
80 far as their architectural character is con- 
cerned, than the ready-made article : and this is, 
no doubt, due to the lack of proper knowledge of 
old work on the jiart of those who have designed 
them. No opportunity should be missed of care- 
fully studying any of the fittings of an old church 
that still remain. Unfortunately, so much has 
been destroyed in this country that this class of 
work is comparatively s<'arce- Still, however, 
there is a good deal left, and it is always advisable 
to lake careful note of the more simple examples, 
especially as these are far more likely to be useful 
under the generally straitened conditions which 
in6uence the fitting up of a modern church. So 
much modern work so obviously looks as if it had 
been founded on some old design of a very much 
more sumptuous character, and had been thinned 
and skinned down to meet the available price. It 
is usual enough, for instance, to see modem stall- 
work and such like 'overed with tracery and 
carving, and done in the thinnest possible wood. 
Work of this character cannot look well, while a 
()uite satisfactorj- effect could have been got by 
reducing the amount of detail to a minimum 
and keeping the material to the proper size. 
In old work, even, it is by no means the rule 
that the most elaborate designs are the best ; 
the reverse of this is very frequently the case. 
These remarks as to woodwork may. to some 
extent, equally apply to metalwork. There has 
been the same tendency to disguise ill-designed 
form with a superfluity of detail. Latterly, one 
has noticed a certain reaction against this, where 
practically the detail is left out altogether, with- 
out, however, obtaining a particular!}- successful 
result. Enumerating briefly the most important 
fittings of the interior of the church, taking first 
the altar, it is important that it should be of 
ample size and properly proportioned : and that it 
should not, speaking generally, be overshadowed 
by its ornaments and surroundings. 

THE UEUE1">>, 

for instance, is a feature that is often very greatly 
overdone. Spb'ndid as our old wall reredoses are, 
even they rather tend to overpower the altar they 
were intended to adorn, and this defect is even 
more pronounced in some modern work. The 
triptych of the Late Flemish or t-ierman Gothic 
tyj>e, charming as they are in their own surround- 
ings, are, as a rule, not a very suitable type of 
altar-piece for our Knglish churches, their pro- 
portions being generally too tall for our buildings. 
.4^ there is practically very little work of this class 
left in this country, even in a mutilated state, it 
is necessary often to look abroad for models. 
More suitable types of altar-pieces for our build- 
ings are to be found in France, or among examples 
of Italian Gothic, though these latter especially 
require to be entirely translated in their detail for 
onr purposes. The eastern light should always 
be visible from the body of the church below the 
traceried heads of the bays of the chancel screen. 
The plan of omitting the cast wmdow altogether. 
and tilling the whole end of the church with the 
reredos is not to be recommended, except where 
there are practical difticulties with regard to 
light. Whether the i credos is of wood or stone. 
it should be, as a genera! ride, richly gilt and 
coloured. Uf course, the altar - piece may be 
entirely treated with hangings, and where this is 
properly done, probably there is no more suitable 
or dignified treatment. An exaggerated dossal, 
however, with its narrow tester, looking rather 
like a portion of a very big bed, is to be avoided, 
and a superfluity of upholstery is undesirable. 
Where the chancel can be of considerable length, 
there is no doubt that 


IS the greatest possible ornament to the interior : 
but it requires very considerable depth behind it 
to give it its true value. It is curious, however. 
the prejudice one frequently meets against a 
screen. It is certainly not the case that a properly- 
desrgned oak rood screen, of the type suitable to a 
parish church, obstructs any necessary view, 
though many people seem to" think so. 'This is 
sometimes avoided by the use of iron ; but iron- 
screen work never looks ^|uite satisfactory with 
our English work, and certainly the modern 
examples one sees are rarely successful. The 
font should stand in the nave, pieferablv in the 
centre near to the western doors. As a rule, the 
font is not now generally given atallasuffieitntlv 
prominent position. It should always have a ! 
cover, however simple, and this latter feature may j 

1 be, as you know, very beautifully treated. The 
! pulpit is another important piece of furniture 
I which should be carefully designed, and, as a 
; rule, wood is preferable to stone. It requires 
I carefully proportioning as to height in accord- 
ance with the size of the building, and may often 
with advantage have a sounding-board or canopy. 
The front of the organ {\i is hardly correct now 
to speak of an organ-case where the instrument is 
frequently as big as a cottage) facing the ch".rch 
or chancel can be made to look very well if skil- 
fully treated. There are, unfortunately, no Gothic 
examples left in England- there is but one in 
Wales— though there are some very good 17th- 
Century ones. The illustrations in Hill's book on 
" The Organ '" give a number of Gothic examples 
from abroad, many of which are most suggestive. 
The introduction of 


has made the treatment of this very important 
modern requirement much easier than in the days 
of gas, one of the chief advantages being that a 
great deal of dirt will be avoided, and may make 
possible a more frequent use of coloured w.all 
decoration : and if this could take the form of 
simple figure subjects painted in distemper on the 
walls, such as one finds traces of in almost every 
old church, it would add greatly to the interest of 
the interior, judiciously introduced, and designed 
and executed on the right lines. I have now kept 
you long enough wandering in and about this 
imaginary church, lly old friend and master, 
the late tieorge Gilbert Scott, used to say that it 
was of the utmost importance that you should 
w.alk about a building before you drew it, and, 
taken with a careful study of ancient examples, 
I do not think this advice can be much im- 
proved on. 

Mr. G. H. Fei.!.owes;. jiast president, 
in proposing a vote of thanks to the lecturer. SJiid 
he heartily concurred with Jlr. Temple Moore in 
his first proposition, that in designing a church 
proportion, and not detail, should be the archi- 
tect's chief aim. In most cases the promoters of 
church building schemes had. unfortunately, very 
limited means at disposal, and it was a pity to 
fritter away the small funds on detail. A church 
should be planned from the inside : its use 
internal, and what little money was available 
should be expended on the interior. Gwing to 
the varying views of the chancellors of dioceses, 
it was not alw.ays practicable for architects to say 
whether they would be able to carry out their 
ideas. Screens even to the chancel which were 
allowed in one diocese were forbidden in another. 
He differed from the lecturer's suggestion that 
choirs should be seated in only two rows. This 
would be necessary in narrow chancels, but where 
a width of from 30ft. to 32ft. could be provided 
three ranges of choir seats were much more useful 
than two. In many cases it was advisable to 
treat the reredos as a baldacchino. so as to impart 
dignity to the east end of the church. 

Mr. F^RAXi IS IIooi'ER seconded the vote of 
thanks, and referred in passing to the charming 
church at Lake. I. W.. designed by the lecturer, 
as an excellent illustration of how to design a 
modern church. He regarded the suggested 
omission of the east window in certain cases as 
undesirable, and in his own practice held it to be 
very important to keep the windows high up in 
town churches, so as to secure ample lighting. 
Where a chancel was necessarily short, owing to 
the form of the site, the introduction of a rood 
screen often tended to increase the apparent 

Mr. Leon.vbh Williams said when the walls 
were reduced to 9in. they must be buttressed to 
keep them up, and architects could not always, as 
they would prefer, incorporate the buttresses in 
the walling. The imaginary church described by 
the lecturer w;is obviously intended for a town 
site : in old village churches, owing to the abund- 
ant lighting, the windows could be and were kepc 
very low, with excellent effect. Clients increas- 
ingly demanded cheapness in churches, and would 
provide no money for extras. Lean and lofty 
edifices cf cheap materials were to be avoided. It 
was better to plan a more substantial and lower 
structure, avoiding the use of Bath stone, pitch- 
pine, and common stained glass, and to construct 
the piers in sound hard stone, with brickwork 
plastered over (or the arcades. Most desirable of 
all was to omit the chancel arch. Modem screens 
were so thin and poor, and the effect was so hard 
and wiry, that unless sutficient funds were forth- 
coming to provide better substance, they should 
be omitted. Mr. Bodley had designed some 

churches on the lines he had suggested with 
excellent effect. 

Mr. .1. E. Newheuky would urge students 
rather to study the best modem work than our 
ancient churches, and strive to carry on the tra- 
ditions of the great church builders of the 
present day. 

.Mr. W.iLTEii Mii.LAKi) remarked that it had been 
helpful to see how an expert in church architec- 
ture looked at the anatomy of a town church and 
treated the problem it presented from the wor- 
shippers" point of view. He would emphasise the 
value of the study of plan and section rather than 

The Cii.iiinux, in putting the vote of thanks, 
said he had been struck by the practical tone of 
the paper. A town church of simple character 
had been so suggested that every student could 
form a clear idea of its character. 

In responding to the resolution, which was 
carried by acclamation, Mr. Temple JIooue said it 
was quite true he confined his remarks in his 
paper to the problem of a town church. As to 
',)in. walls, he did not think his fellow architect 
to the In(;orporated (_'hurch Building Society, Mr. 
Fellowes Prynne, and himself had got so far yet 
as to pass these. When a screen was prcjvided 
it should cross the line of the east window. The 
difficulty of glare could be overcome by using 
stained glass, and the outlines of the screen pro- 
jected upon it would prevent people realising that 
the window was not very good. 


THE practice of architecture in our large 
provincial centres, such as Manchester, 
Liverpool, Glasgow, Leeds, and others of similar 
dimensions, is carried on under ci'nditions closely 
allied to those existing in the Metropolis. Firstly, 
there are to a great extent the same opportunities 
for specialising : one man makes a study of, and 
acquires a reputation tor, successful church 
design ; another one for theatres, another for 
hospitals, others for schools, hotels, and so on. 
If one takes up the Year- Book published by any 
of the large Nonconformist bodies, showing, 
among other items of interest, the various 
churches and chapels erected during the year, it 
is surprising to find how often the same architect 
has been employed on this special work in dif- 
ferent parts of the country. And these special 
practitioners of various kinds almost invariably 
have their oflice addresses either in London or in 
one of the large provincial towns. Secondly, 
talented and ambitious young men are attracted 
to these large towns, :is to London, by the oppor- 
tunities afforded for special supplementary trait 
ing in well-equipped schools of art and science, 
on the one hand, and, on the other, for gaining 
practictl experience upon the details of large 
works in the course of their daily office duties : and, 
further, each one knows that, should he be able 
to establish a practice and meet with a fair amount 
of success, such success will be more pronounced 
and secure more tangible results than would be 
possible in a small town, because in the latter the 
average cost of a building is only about one-tenth 
of what would be .<pent upon a building for similar 
purposes in any of the large and important centres. 
Therefore, in considering the practice of archi- 
tecture in our smaller cities and towns, I wish it 
to be undei-stood that I am referring to cities and 
towns having a population of about sixt)- thou- 
sand or less. 


Here we find an architect practising under very 
different conditions to those obtaining in the 
Metropolis. He cannot specialise : the difficulties 
to be overcome are greater, the qualifications 
requireii to insure success are more varied (for it 
does not by any means follow that a successful 
London architect would have been equally 
successful in the p -ovinces), and success, when 
assured, even at its best, must necessarily be upon 
a lower plane, both architecturally and financially. 
Thirty or forty years ago all the best work in each 
of the cities and towns now under consideration 
was probably performed by one or at the most two 
architects, with a small staff of assistants. Things 
generally moved slowly, and pupils were com- 
paratively few ; but during this period public 
enterprise has been great in all directions. With 
moneys borrowed at a low rate of interest with 

• A paper read by G. E. Bosn ^ra^t Member of CounciP, 
of Rochester, before the Society of Architects, January 17 



Jax. is, 1907. 

iepa_vments extended ovm- a period of tliiitj' 
yeara (the municipal debts of England and 
Wales stand at the present moment at something 
over £200,000,000, and a great part of this has 
been spent upon Iniilding works), our local 
governine: bodies have built town halls, munieipul 
offices, libraries, baths, schools, and infectious 
diseases hospitals. Then, again, the Local 
Goverment Board insisted upon a higher standard 
of accommodation in our workhouses, necessitating 
the erection of improved buildings for the use of 
the sick and infirm, cottage homes for the children, 
■and new kitchens and laundries suitable for the 
reception of steam-cooking and wasliing apparatus. 
The Whisky money gave a great impetus to the 
erection of technical institutes. The construction 
of electric tramways necessitated tlie widening of 
a great many old business streets, thus compelling 
tradesmen to rebuild their ]premises, and a general 
rise in prosperity of the country, combined with 
introduction of new and ra]jid n\eans of com- 
munication, created a desire for suburban 

estimate by anything from 2.") to .30 per cent. 
The evil results of competition of this character 
are most acutely felt in small towns, for it 
is only in such towns that competitions for 
buildings coiling very small sums are invited. 
These sums may be anything from .£1..')00 to 
£1.5,000. an 1 are too small to attract experienced 
and successful men, the result being that the com- 
petitors are generally young men who have 
nothing else to do, who in some cases have not had 
sufficient experience to work out an estimate, but 
who are capable of presenting a set of drawings, 
worked up to a liigh state of artistic excellence, 
thus completely outshining in the eyes of an in- 
expert council or committee the more solid pro- 
ductions of experienced local competitor who are 
not prepared to spend their time in elaborating 
their drawings. 

as a consolation for the loss nf the be>t work of 
his town in his earlier days, he may be tlien 
employed upon important work.s in various parts 
of his county. 


One might naturally expect that the effect of 
this combined public and private enterprise would 
have been beneficial to every member of tlie pro- 
fe.ssion, but such was not the case: whate^-ermay 
have been the effect in the large centres, it 
certainly was not altogether to the advantage of 
architects then practising in the smaller towns. 
The large centres of population were naturally 
first in the field : the high A-alues of propertj', 
and their large areas for rating piuposes, enabling 
them, with the assistance of the moneys borrowed 
on easy terms, to provide those large and costly 
buildings, without adding very materially to the 
rates. Thus began a period of prosperity for 
local practitioners. Parents recognising this, 
desired their sons to become members of a pro- 
fession with such bright prospects, and pupils 
iiocked in, every successful man having twenty 
applications for one vacancy, with the inevitable 
result that, within a period of from fifteen to 
twenty years, these towns were overcrowded with 
young ambitious men, having varying degrees of 
experience, but all seeking opportunities for a 
practical demonstration of their talents and 


.By this time the spirit of enterprise had filtered 
through to the smaller cities and towns, and 
necessity, or desire, led to building developments 
of more or less important character. But, con- 
currently with the growth of municipal enter- 
prise, came a development upon doubtful lines of 
the system of architectural competitions, and the 
local men, wio had been looking forward to the 
enjoyment of a big share in the prosperity neces- 
sarily following upon the progress of their towns, 
had their hopes dashed to the ground b_v the action 
of unsympathetic, democratic councils and boards 
of guardians, who insisted upon submitting .all the 
new and important work to public competition, 
with the result that those old-established prac- 
titioners, who would not, or could not, adapt 
themselves to the new order of things, gradually 
dropped out of sight, and new men full of energy 
and determination, trained and educated to the 
new conditions (and frcqu(mtly they were those 
who had been crowded out of the nearest centrel, 
stepped into their places, fought for, and secured, 
the prizes, and, as a result of those early struggles, 
are to-day firmly established, and able to carry on 
an honourable and lucrative practice, 

.\ c;kk\t ixji stice. 

But even at the_ present time one of the chief 
annoyances to which an experienced and con- 
scientious architect is subject is to find the best 
work in his town either thrown open to public 
competition or handed over to a specialist in 
London or the nearest provincial centre ; he feels 
it to be a great injustice that, as a ratepayer, he 
should be called upon to pay an outsider for 
services which he, or a local confrere, could have 
rendered equally well, perhaps better. That 
knowledge of local conditions and resources, which 
lie has acquired only as the result of a number of 
years" continuous observation and experience, and 
which would have enabled liim to secure the best 
results at the lowest possible cost, is ignored. He 
knows that, as a local man with a local lepu'ation 
to maintain, ho is bnund to keep the cost of a 
liuilding within the limits of the estimate, and 
this knowledge is a very heavy handicap in a 
public competition, whereas his rival from a 
distance can, and frequently does, exceed the 


Xo matter how unfair or unjust are the condi- 
tions, councils and committees are always able to 
obtain any number of competitors, so the local 
man must either compete, or, as he more fre- 
quently does, stand upon his dignity, and allow 
an outsider to secure the work ; and he subse- 
quently has the doubtful satisfaction of seeing the 
same carried out by a man lacking all sense of local 
responsibility ; to the general dissatisfaction of the 
promoters, and at a cost increased to the extent of 
20 or 2.3 per cent, by the competitor's want of local 
knowledge. But in this respect conditions are not 
as bad as they were twenty or twenty-fiNe years 
ago. when the competition craze had reached its 
highest, or, rather, its lowest, development. In 
those days, in some districts it became the rule to 
invite competition for every small job of a public 
or semi-publio nature. In fact, my first successful 
competition, twenty-seven years ago, was for i-e- 
modelling the end of a church, at a cost of £130. 
But country practitioners may congratulate them- 
selves upon the fact that all councils and com- 
mittees did not pursue this doubtful course. In 
many cases the local, having proved his 
ability and trustworthiness during a number of 
yeai-s upon smaller work, was gi\-en tlie necessary 
opportunity to prove his worth upon a work of 
importance, and seldom did he fail, because the 
experience gained during his yeai's of trial 
enabled him to rise to the occasion, and carry out 
that work with credit to himself, and satisfaction to 
all concerned. His success on this occasion placed 
him at once in the front rank locally, and he may 
go on from success to success ; he has the ball at 
his feet, but he will still have to exercise the 
greatest ta;t and skill, and strain every nerve to 
keep it there : he must continuously put his best 
into every attempt, for his position is never 
secure ; a single failure may undo the work of 
years : he cannot, like a medical man, bury his 
failures ; his works stand out boldly open to the 
criticism of all : bv' them he is judged, and they 
will remain monuments, either to his success or 
failure ; it is his lot in life to be surrounded by 
rivals, ready to take advantage of every mistake 
he may make, so that throughout the remainder 
of his career he is compelled to labour just as hard 
and unceasingly to keep his place as he did when 
struggling to secure it. 


Individual effort is the keynote of .architectural 
practice, and to this may be attributed the com- 
parative want of success attending all our 
attempts to initiate some effective form of com- 
bination, and I venture to suggest that, while 
encouraging in every possible way indi^'idnalism, 
with regard to professional and artistic ideals, we 
ought to strive strenuously to break down that 
insularity which leads us to look upon our brethren 
as antagonists, and causes every man to fight 
solely for his own hand. Let us endeavour to 
make the profession socially and imorally a con- 
crete wnole. But should the successful prac- 
titioner be able to maintain his position, just 
consider what a variety of works he may be called 
U])On to carry through during the course of a 
twenty-five oi- thirty years' active practice in one 
of these small towns. He may run the whole 
gamut, from a town-hall on the one hand to a 
common lodging-house on the other, includmg, 
perhaps, a theatre or music-hall, churches, 
chapels, technical institutes, public libraries, 
banks, schools, baths, fever and general hospitals, 
infirmaries, cottage homes and other workhouse 
buildings, clubs, hotels, public-houses, steam 
laundries, factories, warehouses, business pre- 
nn>es of all descriptions, and residences of al' 
dimensions and varieties ; and during the third 
decade of that practice it may well happen that, 


In the course of a practice such as this, the 
knowledge and experience gained ought to make 
the practitioner one of the most useful men in the 
district, for during his career he must necessarily 
have been associated with all kinds and conditions 
of men. He has received instructions from a 
bishop, and has accepted practical suggestions 
from the labour-master of a tramp ward. He has 
met the deacons and elders in the vestry of a Non- 
conformist church, and has been behind the 
scenes in a theatre, and behind the bar in a 
public-house, and tradesmen have explained to 
him the routine of their various businesses. He is 
frequently appointed arbitrator by the Courts in 
building cases, called upon to give expert evidence 
before j udges and magistrates, he is usually the 
expert member of deputations to the Local Govern- 
ment Board, Board of Education, Charity Commis- 
sioners, and other bodies having administrative 
functions ; and has possibly been appointed 
assessor in architectural competitions. He must 
understand the working of the Poor Law, the 
Licensing Law, and the by-laws of all public 
bodies, and, without doubt, he is compelled by 
the circumstances of his position to be thought- 
ful, tactful, and business-like in all his under- 


Let us for a moment consider what are the 
necessary qualifications for successful practice in 
a small town. Putting aside the question of the 
intiuence of powerful friends and relatives, which 
is the same everywhere, I may say that after the 
usual artistic and practical knowledge of one's 
profession, business aptitude becomes a necessity, 
combined with a keen, practical sense of propor- 
tion. As a rule, the business man in such a town 
places use before ornament. He cares far more 
to have his premises suitable and convenient in 
every respect for his particular business than he 
does about the style or quality of his elevation, 
and as it is usually only by making a special 
effort that he is able to rebuild at all. he 
desires to cut down the cost to the lowest possible 
point. These being normal conditions, they 
require serious consideration, and it is here a 
young architect usually makes his first mistake. 
With possibly a London or large town training, 
and having undertaken the commission, instead 
of devoting his energies to the task of making 
himself acquainted with the uiethods of his 
client's business, with a view to making the plans 
perfect in their con^'enience, his thoughts :ire 
chiefly centred upon the elevation ; he is far more 
anxious that the building shall be a monument to 
himself than that it shall be perfectly adapted to 
its purpose. Now. this is .an injustice to the 
client, and a great error in tactics on the part of 
a young architect anxious to succeed. 


In a very varied practical experience, extending 
over thirty years, I have always found it the best 
policy to study my client's wishes, interests, .and 
circumstances, and to carry out his instructions to 
the letter. With tact one can generally persuade 
him to allow one to suitably arrange the ele\-ation. 
He may not understand the plans, but there is no . 
excuse for the architect not undei-standing him ; 
it is one's duty as expert adviser to get a thorough 
grasp of his ideas before committing himself to 
the fulfilment of a contract. I do not wish to 
labour this point, but I have known sever,il 
instances where a client, with the intention of 
doing a good turn to a young fellow starting a 
practice, has placed a small job in his hands, only 
to find that he, having big ideas of how the work 
should be done, practically ignores the instruc- 
tions he has received, with unsatisfactory results 
to both ]tartles ; and this is the reason why clients 
with little money to spend fight shy of the higlily- 
educated young architect, and instead employ a 
builder's clerk or one other of the many persons 
who are co he found in every town capable of geo- 
metrically arranging upon paper a man's require- 
ments, and who will treat the matter strictly as a 
matter of business .and carefully obey instructions, 
rather than try to earn a reputation as an artist 
at a client's expense. 


It may be said that these idealistic young men 
are comparatively few in number; but, ntyerthe- 

Jax. 18, 1907. 



less, they aro rapaltle of causing a deal of trouble, 
and of indming in tho public mind a want of 
confidence in the business qualifications of archi- 
tects generally. I remember sitting next to one 
of these young gentlemen at the Society's annual 
dinner some seventeen or eighteen years ago ; he 
was about twenty-four or twenty-ti\e years of 
age. and a.ssured me, as the result of his experi- 
ence, that clients, as a rule, knew nothing about 
architecture— that one only had to bluff the 
.lolmnies to get one's own way. lie said he was 
always careful that all parts of his buildings 
should be in perfect harmony, and to secure this 
result he had to prepare drawings for every part 
down to the smallest details, even to designing 
his own knockers and door furniture. That 
young man must now be at least forty years of 
age, and it would be interesting to know whether 
he still designs knockers and door furniture. The 
necessary qualifications, therefore, include the 
possession of a sufficient amount of common-sense 
to enable one to recognise the fact that it is pos- 
sible for a client to understand his own wants 
best. To succeed, a man must be prepared to 
study carefully and conscientiously the reqiiire- 
ments and routine of every class of business, and 
the manner in which each of the religious bodies 
conduct their services, before he can design either 
business premises or churches and chapels per- 
fectly adapted to their various uses. And the 
sitme may be said of every other class of building 
with which he may be associated. 


In the whole of the preceding remarks we have 
been considering, to a great extent, the position 
and the opportunities of the successful man only — 
say, perhaps, one man in twenty : what about "the 
othernineteen r These are the gentlemen who would 
chiefly benefit by the passing of a Registration 
Uill. and for whom this Society has been, and is 
now, strenuously working. The men at the top, 
whether in London or in the provinces, who are 
effectively taking the cream, can well afford to sit 
still while their less succes.sful brethi-en are 
struggling to secure a share of the skimmed milk. 
Of course among such is to be found a large 
percentage of mediocrity, but a large majority are 
capable and conscientious practitioners. Some of 
the younger men have great talent and are fight- 
ing their way to recognition, and with fair oppor- 
tunities, and that experience which time only 
can bring, will in the future take the places of the 
successful men of to-day : others there are who 
are artists to the core", but lack method and 
businesss aptitude : and. as in all other professions, 
a small percentage are failures from other causes. 
M bile some are not smart enough, others have 
earned a rejiutation for being too smart ; but one 
and all suffer from the inroads made into their 
opportunities of empl.iyment in the honourable 
profession they have adopted as a means of liveli- 
hood, by a host of persons who adop'. architecture, 
generally in its lowest form, as an auxiliary 
means of adding a few pounds per annum t'o 
the incomes they earn from their more legitimate 


^V'hat with the large general furnishing firms, 
builders, shopfitters. bar fitters, horticultural 
builders, and others, who advertise themselves as 
willing to send down, take measurements, and 
prepare plans, specifications, and estimates free of 
cost, on the one hand, and estate agents, auction- 
eers, business valuers, and commission agents, 
who add architecture and surveying to their other 
work, on the other, the profession is becoming 
one of the worst a young man could possibly 
enter, and it is small wonder to find some of our 
less successful brethren adding insurance agencies 
and rent collecting to their legitimate calling: 
and as a strong reaction has set in with regardlo 
municipal expenditure, the general outlook is 
black indeed. 


drawings of which they ha\c been engaged : 
discuss constructional difiiculties with the clerk of 
works or general foreman : acquire a practical 
knowledge of materials, and are brought into 
contact during the course of their daily work 
with clients of all kinds. But taking the other 
extreme, those (opportunities are reduced to 
vanishing point, for it is well known to all of vis 
that there are at the present moment men in 
practice who do not possess a single architectural 
qualification : who earn a scanty living by jjre- 

to accept nomination at the hands of their princi- 
pals : I introduced two such last year. The 
necessity for registration ought to be an article of 
faith with all young men ; thr>y are tho persons 
who, in their efforts to establish a practice, find 
the natural difficulties of the task enormously in- 
creased by the unfair coin])etition of a hetero- 
geneous multitude who now tout for most of the 
smaller works. The leaders arc apathetic, because 
these evils do not affect them : they are engaged 
in the otherwise coinmendable task of demonstra- 

paring plans for small speculative builders, and [ ting to the public their individual capacities 
other odds and ends, such as small alterations and | for the perforr-ance of the highest class of work : 

repairs, dilapidations, schedules, and working out 
builders' accounts, with possibly a rent-collecting 
business thrown in, to fill up time : they cannot 
afford to keep a clerk, but take a pupil, whose 
opportunities are small : his duties commence 
with holding the ring end of a tape and minding 
the office, and finish with tr.acing and copying 
such odds and ends ;is his master has been able to 
secure : and between these extremes pupils and 

many of their buildings com|)are favourably with 
these of the gieat' designers of the past, and will, 
undoubtedly, be' a source of inspiration, both to 
their contemporaries and their succes3(jrs ; but 
this is not enough to secure the ultimate good of 
the profession as a whole. The head may hold 
itself high enjoying the bright sunshine : but if 
the body is held down by the tangled weeds of 
unfair conditions, and attacked bv an ever- 

assistants have very varying opportunities for I increasing number and variety of parasites, 
acquiring a knowledge of their profession. sapping its life blood and cutting off its proper 

and legitimate nourishment, the time must come 
when that head will be dragged down and the 
whole body brought to a level, overwhelmed by 
the noxious growth which had fattened on its 

a knowledge of their profession 


we all know. 

But, as we all know, a young man cannot 
acquire a sound working knowledge of his pro- 
fession should he confine his study to office hours ; 
so let us see what are his opportunities for supple- 
menting his office training in a smalltown. He 
connot, as in the large towns, gain a knowledge 
of materials and tools by attending a polytechnic, 
nor attend schools under teachei-s having special 
qualifications for teaching the art and science of 
architecture and building. True, there may be 
an art school, or technical institute, where he 
may be taught building consti'uction by a school- 
master in possession of an advanced stage certifi- 
cate : and he may receive art teaching, including 
architecture, from an elementary school teacher, 
assisted possibly by a lady who had qualified in 
the same school ; but, as a rule, no attempt is 
made to teach a student how to practically apply 
what little knowledge he has been able to gain. 


But whatever the head may do, the body is 
now fighting for life, and is determined to clear 
itself of the tangled growth by which it is 
fettered. The steady growth during recent years 
of collective consciousness has opened up an 
avenue of hope leading us to look forward with 
confidence to the day when our objects will meet 
with ultimate success. The opportunity for 
designing buildings of a monumental character 
cannot possibly be given to us all. Environment, 
to a great extent, regulates the character and 
quality of our opportunities. AVe country prac- 
titioners must adiipt ourselves to circumstances, 

.,_ ,_, and be prepared to carry out conscientiously the 

The yaixoii d'rfrr of The technical institute's eliist- ' ™'"''^ o'". '"^^ humble works reipured by our public 

and private clients. Any lofty ideas we may 
have must necessarily be subordinated to con- 
siderations of a iHnancial nature, our ideals, in 
most cases, having to be modified in order to bring 
the cost within the limits laid down by our 
employers. Therefore, I venture to suggest that 
the man who, as the result of a wise and thought- 
ful exercise of his energy and ability, has been 
able to secure and maintain, through a number of 

ence being apparently, not so much to impart 
useful and practical knowledge, as to earn the 
Science and Arts grants from the Government. 


So pupils and assistants who are in earnest, and 
who are determined to succeed, leave these 
institutes severely alone, and more usefully 
employ their time in private studv. assisted by 

the ev'er-increasing number and varict-s of reaDy I years, the confidence of his fellow townsmen, and 
excellent books now published on architecture I "'^^ ^^^. carried out to their .satisfaction a large 
and the allied arts and sciences. But with so I proportion of their most important works, is 
many other opportunities of agreeably spending ' equally deserving of credit with his more promi- 
their spare time, comijaratively few apply their ^'^^^ metropolitan confrere. For, after all. the 
minds to study out of office hours. Therefore, 
considering how little real training it is possible to 
obtain in some offices, we are quite prepared for 
the fact that a large number of incompetent young 
men are constantly being turned adrift on an 
already overcrowded market. Some are never 
again able to retain a position, but drift about 
from one office to another for a few years, 
ultimately abandoning all ideas of practice, and 

supreme test of architectural skill is tlie ability to 
design a building, perfectly adapted by conveni- 
ence of its internal arrangement, to meet all the 
requirements of its users, and in a style suitable 
to, and in harmony with, its ennronment, 
whether simple or ornate. 


We have men in our ranks who have attained 
this local eminence, and also a large number of 

Under the conditions previously referred to, it : wWk*two°others 
mst be perfectly ob^-ious that the training of a , II.Whe offices 


number of pupils will be poor, the oppor- 
tunities, as far as practical work is concerned, 
being m some cases nil. While pupils and 
affiistants in the best offices have unique 
adrantages. better. I venture to suirgest, than 
could be obtained in a large specialist's offices, 
for they are employed upon works of the 
most diverse character, giving them such 
a wide experience that in the future they 
will be prepared to solve almost any buildin" 
problem : they can visit the buildingi upon the 

settle down in some business more adapted to their 1 4. 1 - ', j • .• 

.,„,.,. i;„,. i;c„„t; ' talented and conscientious men awaiting the time 

of recognition. Some of these, and perhaps not 
the least deserving, may never be fully recog- 
nised for the sentiments expressed in Ci ray's 
" Elegv " are :is applicable to members of our 
profession as to thoseof other calling. MTiile their 
more ambitious and energetic brethren are 
laboriously and strenuously climbing the steep 
hill-side, turning neither to the right nor to the 
left, unceasing in their efforts to reach an ever- 
receding goal of success and fame, these others 
seem to have been "born to blush unseen." 
Usually having grand ideals, they lack enterprise. 
They dream of cathedrals or palaces on the 
heights of success, while their less talented but 
more strenuous brethren are securing all the 
coigns of vantage leading to those heights. They 
love not the feverish bustle and excitement of 
modern life ; they avoid the busy haunts 
of men, and meander at their own sweet will 

peculiar qualifications. 


The compulsory examination, which would 
necessarily be a corollary of registration, would 
tend to check this flow of mediocrity and incom- 
petence into the ranks of the profassion, for a 
pupil would then appreciate the absolute necessity 
for study were he compelled to pass a qualifying 
examination. As it is, he does not recognise any 
such necessity, many permitting themselves to 
carelessly slide just at the time when they ought 
to be laying the foundation of future success. I 
can speak from personal experience, for in the 
case of my own pupils, two are Associates of the 
Institute, two have passed the intermediate 
examination, and one is a member of this Society, 
never did an hour's study out- 
side the offices. 

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SOCIETY. ^^„^„ the quict and casy roads in the valley, 

Xow. with regard to the future membership of stopping frequently to pluck flowers at their 

the society, we ought strenuously to seek the co- feet, and absorbing all the beauty and 

operation cif the younger men in the profes.sion, fragrance by which they are surrounded lecause 

whether in practice or not, for we must remember they have not the power (thiough lack of 

that the assistant of to-day will be the practising opportunity) to reflect it in their works. The 

architect of to-morrow. I feel sure that many late I lean Hole, in his book on Roses, says : 

members have in their offices capable assistants, 
whose- careful and excellent work show distinct 

"He who would have beautiful roses in his 
garden must have beautiful roses in his heart.' 

promise for the future, and who would be pleased ' Applied to our art. this sentiment may be rendered : 



Jan. 18, 1907. 

■ lie who would design liuuuliful buildings nmst 

ave beauty in his heart." To bring forth archi- 

ecture in its b<-'st, purest, and most abiding form, 

one must have not only the ability to appreciate, 

and enthusiastically admire the finished product. 

' evidence of one or two inhabitants in undoubted 
good health, and had their order quashed. 

I Mr. Harold tiiiflin said that although in the 
country generally it seemed hard that the public 
authority should have to maintain a drain made 

he must also have power to conceive, and "his soul [ by an owner on his own land, simply because it 
must be lilled with the thoroughness, I'everence. I happened to drain houses which had since changed 
and tenderness of love to enable him to overcome I hands, the matter in London was one which the 
the ditticulties necessarily involved in the e.xecu- ; borough councils, or their predecessors, had 
tion of his work down to its smallest detail, i brought upon themselves, for had they insisted on 
whether conceived in grandeur or simplicity. His the required order having Vieen made and com- 
ideals need not be dominated nor trammelled by ' plied with, the working of the Act made the 
the dogmatic art-teaching of any special school, ; matter perfectly simple and straightforward, 
nor yet by the more ephemeral caprice of fashion ; , Some of the councils, he was sorry to say, were 
for beautiful lines, beautiful forms, and beautiful , guilty of practices which were hardly creditable 
colours arc constant in the effect they produce to them in endeavouring to place upon the owner 
upon the mind, and are capable of an infinite i the burden which they perfectly well knew they 

ought themselves to bear, 

Mr. J. G. Turner said that, speaking as a 
lawyer and an ex-surveyor, the question had a 

ariety of harmonious combinations. These 
.;reat artistic qualifications are not monopolised 
by the prominent practitioners either in London 

Of the large proxincial centres, but are diffused in double interest for him. He was reminded of the 
\-arying proportions throughout the provinces, i unsettled state of the matter of sewers and drains 
and their effects may be seen and recognised as \ by referring recently to an Encyclopa'dia of 
often in the country as the town. And as it is ' Local Government now being published, and 
now to us a source of pleasure and inspiration to i finding under the word "Brain" in the last 
visit, sketch, and contemplate the beautiful old j published volume a reference, "See Sewer and 

■ountry churches, guildhalls, mansions, and Drain," which at all events indicated that the 

cottages, designed by unknown or forgotten 
masters of past ages, so will future generations of 
architects, when hard lines and harsh tints shall 
have heen softened and mellowed by the hand of 
lime, discover new beauties in the scattered archi- 
-ectural gems of our smaller towns and villages, 
the work of our present-day architects. Their 

compilers were anxious to defer, for a couple of 
years or so, the responsibility of distinguishing 
between the two. What was "one building " 'r 
It had been held that two semidetached houses 
were, for certain purposes, one building. And 
what was "the same curtilage"':' In the well- 
known " Lowther Arcade " case, the decision had 

involved. In the case of " Heath ". Billmgs " it 
was not so much a case of the competency of thn 
authority to delegate their powers to the sur- 
veyor, hut a question of fact whether he fulfilled 
the conditions under which the powers were 
delegated by reporting to the authority every 
three months, which he did not seem to havo done. 
The water test might bo very effectually tried at 
the laying of new drains, and, after a few months, 
they might, from various causes, be unable to 
stand it. The ideal system of drainage was by 
means of iron pipes. 

Mr. Courthorpe Monroe said that the drain- 
pipes of a house were part and parcel of that house, 
and if, in the course of ordinary use they became 
defective, the owner was as much liable for their 
repair as he was for any other portion of the 
building, and should not be allowed to shelter 
himself behind the niceties of Acts of Parliament. 
If a man had a piece of land on which he built 
six houses, and drained them all by one drain, he 
was surely not to be able to place the responsi^ 
bility on the local authority, simply because he 
sold five out of the six to other owners. 

Mr. Blake, in reply, thanked the members 
for the cordial way in which they had received 
his paper, and dealt with several criticisms of the 
points he had raised, and cases which had been 
cited in the course of the discu.ssion. 

names will be then equally unknown or for- I taken one direction, and in " Pilbrow v. Shore- 
gotten ; but I sure their works will form a strong j ditch " it had been quite the reverse. In the one 
and genuine link in the long chain of architectural j case, the drain which served a number of shops in 

evolution, inspiring their successors to still higher 
and nobler developments. 


A T the ordinary general meeting of the Sur- 

J\. veyors' Institution held on Monday evening 

last at 12, Great George-street, S.W., the dis- 
cussion was resumed of a paper entitled " Some 

Notes on Sanitary Law," read at the meeting of 

Xovemter 2G, 1!)'00, by Mr. E. H. Blake Fellow. 

The secretary having read letters from intending 

speakers who had been unable to attend, all 

urging the necessity of some clearer definition of 

the law, especially on the moot point of the 
liability for the repair and maintenance of 
"sewers" or " drains " — 

Mr. T. W. A. Hayward, of Battei-sea, called 
attention to the difficulties which frequently arose 

from the fact that the different Acts did not agree ! difficult one when a man, either under compulsion 
on many points. For instance, the Act of IS.'i.') or not, paid money to mitigate a nuisance, and 
provided for the connection of a house-drain with | afterwards found that the work ought to have 

an arcade which was closed at night was held to 
be a sewer, and in the other a jjipe running 
through a courtyard between two blocks of 
artisans' dwellings was treated as a drain only. 
The words, " Combined operation by order of the 
vestry," were in themselves full of pitfalls, and 
he wished he had time to discuss aU the conun- 
drums which might be set on this one question. 
He thought tlie judges were getting a little tired 
of the subtleties of the " drain or sewer " argu- 
ment, and were inclined to decide cases more on 
what might be called common-sense lines, for- 
bearing to place unfair litirdenson local authorities. 
He agreed with the author of the paper that the 
" natural water test" was the only efficient one, 
for it represented the conditions under w-hich a 
blocked drain had to remain tight. There were 
many things not covered by the by-laws of the 
London County Council or the provisions of the 
Public Health Acts, and the position was also a 


a sewer within 100ft. and at a lower level, while 
the 1875 Act said nothing about level. Tlie levels 
of floors of new buildings with respect to sewers 
was also differently dealt with in the two Acts. 
The overlapping of duties of inspectors and sur- 
veyors in boroughs was, he thought, a mistake, i 
and, as an instance, he quoted a case where a 1 
sanitary inspector had insisted on a drain being 
ventilated by ;in inlet at each end and an outlet 
in the middle. There was no express statutory 
power to test drains, but the power to "examine " 
conferred upon the public authority would seem 
to cover the testing of drains, the examination of 
which could hardly otherwise bo complete. The 
water test was, he considered, the most important 
one, and it was obvious that a drain which would 
not hold up a bead of, say, one foot abo\'e the 
highest end, would not keep good if blocked and 
full of sewage. 

Professor II. Robinson said that he thought the 
question of the pollution of rivers and estuaries 
came well within the scope of the discussion, 
and he particularly drew attention to the Ems- 
worth case (Foster r. Warlilington U.D.C), in 
which he was concerned, and in which it was 
decided that a local authority has no prescriptive 
right to discharge sewage or other deleterious 
matter into the estuary of a river where it may 
j.ossibly be injurious to' health. Trade waste was 
often very dillicult to deal with. The very large 
proportion which it often bore to the total volume 
of sewage of a town, and the intermittent nature 
of its discharge, made it often a nuisance at the 
outfall. With regard to difiiculties often met 
with by a local authority anxious to remedy 
nuisances, he quole.l the 'case of the Portsmouth 
authorities, who ordered the removal of an un- 
doubted nuisance, but who were met, when the 

been done by the local authority 

The supposition of the law was that if a man 
out of kindness of his heart paid another's debt, 
he could not afterwards recover the amount, and 
on that principle a man who had only been served 
with a notice that a nuisance e.xistod and had 
forthwith remedied it, failed to recover the cost 
when he found that it was not incumbent on him 
to have done the work. This was the case of 
"Oliver V. Camberwell." Then in " Jloore v. 
Fulham," a man was served with a summons to do 
work which ho ought not to have been called 
upon to do, and when he had done it, failed to 
recover, because he had acted ' ' under compulsion 
of legal process." This was only one of the 
; anomalies of the present state of the law. 

Jlr. A. llarston said that the reports of the case 
of " SiUes v. Fulham " left it a little doubtful 
whether a rainwater drain or an ordinary rain- 
water stack-pipe was in ipiestion. If the latter, it 
seemed that any rain-water pipe taking the water 
from two houses might be a sewer under the Act. 
In another case it had been held that a surface 
drain at the side of a road was a sewer, because 
it took the rainwater from several houses. In the 
case of what were indisputably combined drains 
serving several houses, it was not clear who was 
responsible for repair of abating a nui.sance. In 
many rases the outlet of the combined drain was 
upon the land of one owner, while several owners 
discharged into it, ami it was not clear that he had 
even a right to enter upon their lands to do 

iilr. N. Scorgie (borough engineer, Hacknay) 
feared there was often a disposition of owners, and 
surveyors who advised them, to take advantage of 
th" technicalities of the law, and to get work done 
by the local authorities regardless of the moral 


A DkTAC IIEU ItESinK>f( E ME.lsrilED .\N1) BlI.I.I'.II- 

By the Author of " Estimating," &c.* 

PEC'IFICATION of work and materials 
required in the erection and i:ompletion of i 
detached residence at Chelsea. 

Exc.w.vTou — [fDiftonied) . 
Excavate as required for all gas and other plp'w, 
and cart away any surplus earth. 


The drain pipes are to be weU-glazed, dark, 
vitrified pipes and connections. 

.;VU the pipes are to be laid on 6in. of Portland 
cement concrete, not less than Gin. wider than 
the pipes on each side. This concrete is to be of 
the same description as previously described for 
Gin. of concrete over site. 

The concrete is to be carried up on both sides ol 
the pipe and to the top of it. 

The gullies are to be Gin. brown vitrified, 
square at top, with 4in. outlet, and with wrought 
iron grids on top, and set in brickwork in cement. 
The guUy to the sink is to have a long dished 
tray with fall towards the grating, and with tray 
inside for removing accumulated grease, &c. 

The pipes are to be laid to even falls to the 
sewer, and to be jointed in neat cament, carefully 
wiped inside. 

Provide and fix a 4in. cast-iron ventilating 
pipe, caulked at joints, at the top end of sewer, 
with glazed drain-pipe connection from the foot 
of it to the drain, the joint to be made good with 
neat cement. 

The ventilating pipe is to be carried at least 
:>ft. above the top of the highest window, and 
havo an extracting cowl fixed at the top of it. 

Provide and fix an intercepting trap in an 
approved position on the Gin. drain-pipe before it 
enters the sewer, and carry up a 4in. pipe from 
the outlet with 4in. galvanised iron pipe to a height- 
of not less than 4ft. above the ground, with an 
inlet-valve on top. 

Excavate for the manholes, cart away aiirplua 
earth, and lay Gin. of cement concrete Gin. wider 
on all sides tlian the bottom footings. 

Build the manholes of requisite depths in one- 
brick walls in cement. 

Render the insides, and bring up the bottom in 
cement, properly dished round half-pipes, and 
make good round all inlet and outlet pipes. 

The covers and frames to be of galvanised iron, 
with seating of tallow or other approved seal. 

The contractor will have to give notice to the 
authorities, and pay their fees, to connect the 
drain with the sewer, taking up, relaying, and 
making good the road as recpiired. 

Take ventilating pipes from manholes with tin. 
drain-pipe to the nearest wall, and then carry 
up 4in. cast-iron pipes caulked ,at the joints to at 
least ;if t. above the roof line. 

Lay branches of 4in. drain pipes in concrete, 
as already described, from the soil-pipe and the 

case came before the Re:order on appeil, with the \ and equitable responsibilities which ownership 

" All rights reserved by tbe author.— For (irawingaaee 
No. mu, Jan. 11, 19C7, p. 59. Specification oommenceo 
on p. 58 of No. 2714. 

Jan. 1H, 1907. 



two w.c.'s, connerted with the jirinciiuil dram-iiipu 
by >- j unctions. 

The drainage when complete will have to be 
tested by hydraulic piessure under the supervision 
of the authorities. 

The contractor is to provide and tix in an 
approved position two >- i unctions, with the out- 
lets on top, and brinj^ up with pipes to within a 
foot of the surface, and provide patent stoppers. 
These are for cleansing jiurposes, and their 
position must he marked on the wall, immediately 
opposite them. 


All the bricks are to be liard and well-burnt 
square stock bricks, samples of which must be 
submitted to the architect for ajiproval. 

The faL-ing bricks on all elevations are to be of 
approved red bricks. 

The lime is to be I forking grey-stone lime. 

The sand is to be clean, sharp sand, free from 
loam or earthy matter and ]iroperIy screened 
through a i^r screen. No tine sand may be used. 

The cement is to be the best I'ortland cement 
from an approved maker, and weighing not less 
than lOdlb. to the bushel. 

The mortar is to consist of "> parts of sand and 
1 of lime, and to be made fresh each day. 

The brickwork is to be in Flemish bond, rising 
not more than I'iin. in four courses, and to be 
odiciently flushed in at each course. 

Thi- arches and squints are to be cut and 
rubbed in best rubbers. 

All window-heads must be kept down to allow 
for architrave and cornire over. 

The moulded courses, strings, and plinths, as 
shown, are to be in red moulded bricks. 

The brickwork behind rough stucco to be in 

The caps and neckings in chimney-stacks are 
to be in red facing bri<'ks, the same as the stacks 
and oversaiiing, as shown. 

The windows in stuccoed part of fronts are to 
have rough-axed arches in cement. 

Turn rough relieving arches in cement over all 
lintels and chimney openings. 

The opening behind bay window is to be 
carried by two lOin. by 4jin. rolled steel joists 
resting 9in. on the wall each end. with :iin. toided 

The opening at the ba -k of oriel window on 
first-tloor front is to have two Sin. by rolled 
steel joists, with stone templates, as "to the last. 

The opening behind the bay underneath the 
oriel is to have two '.lin. by ihin. rolled steel 
joints, with stone templates each end, as before. 

All these openings are to have four courses of 
brick in cement over the rolled-steel joints, and 
relieving arches in cement over the four coui-ses. 

The window-sills to both bays and the two 
windows in stuccoed walls are" to be in red 
moulded bricks on edge, the tops to be covered 
with (lib. lead brought under wood sill and turned 
up jjin. at the back of wood sill, and copper-nailed 
to it, and brought down Jin. over the front edge 
and ends of brick sills, with the ends built into 
the brickwork and made good to in cement. 

All inoulded courses are to have cement 
weathering in pure cement on top edges. 

The diimney caps and neckings to have cement 

The joints of the brickwork are to be raked out 
as the work goes on and cleaned down at comple- 
tion, and pointed with a weuhered joint cut both 

The brickwork behind stucco to be left 

The inside walls of coal-cellar art to be struck- 
jointed and twice lime-whited. 

1/iy asphaUe dampcourse immediately under 
plate to ground-tloor joists. 

The asphalte to be not less than Jin. thick and 
laid by an approved firm, the ontaiae joint bemg 
raked out and pointed in cement. 

Perform all cuttings over arches, to ekewbacks, 
to gables, Aic, wherever required. 

Uuild sleeper-walls as shown, din. high, and 
bed the plates on them. 

liuild 1-brick fender-walls with proper footings 
to all ground-lioor chimney or stove openings, 
and till in with concrete to take hearths. j 

Uender the openings for stoves in 'Portland 
cement up to the top of the gatherings, and pargc 
and core the flues. 

I'ut 2in. by Jin. wrought-iron chimney-bars 
over the openings, going ain. into the brickwork 
at each end, and caulked" up and down lin. 

Set the stoves with all necessary firebricks, &c. 

The stoves are to be painted two< of oil- 
paint on back before fj.ved. 

Set the kitchener complete in every way with 
all necessary firebricks and fireclay, and cutting 
or forming any Hues required, and cut away for 
the pipes to come through chimney-breast, and 
making good after. 

The t.Un. partition walls on ground Hoor are to 
i be in half-brick in cement. 

The partition on first Hoor to w.c. and bath are 
i to be brick-noggcd. 

Turn 4Mn. trimmer arches with properly-cut 
skewbacksandfeathe'r-edge board against trimmer 
to all the stove openings on 6rst Hoor, and till in 
with concrete ready to take the hearths. 

Carry up the biii'kwork of top walls between 
the rafters, and cut on the top to the different 


Put 4in. sunk weathered and rubbed sills to all 
window openings on Hanks and back (the stone to 
be I'arkspring or other approved York stone), 
throated and grooved for water-bar, and cut and 
pirned and made good to at ends. 

The thresholds to front and back entrances, as 
shown, to be of rubbed stone from the same 
quarries, all properly cut and pinned at ends and 
made good to, and kept up 1 iin. above the floor 
line to allow for mats. 

The two corbels under oriel window fo be of 
white Portland stone, rubbed and moulded to 
detail, to be supplied. 

To the dining, drawing-room, and library put 
glazed tile hearths at the prime cost of 20s. per 
yard fi.^ed complete, and lay cement bed for these 

The kitchen hearth to be of (iin. red tiles laid 
and jointed in cement. 

The sink in scullery to be white glazed, with 
brass hinged trap with wire interceptor, the sink 
to he cut and pinned to the wall at back and one 
end, and to have a galvanised iron bracket at the 
other cut and pinned into wall, and with '.lin. 
cement skirting at back Jin. thick. 

The scullery floor is to be rendered in cement, 
trowelled hard on the 6in. site concrete and laid 
to fall to a gully under the sink, with pipe 
cari'ied to weep over outside guUey. 

This paving is to be carried into door openings 
of coals, w.c, and kitchen. 

The coal-cellar is to have the <>in. cement con- 
crete kept up, and to be roughly rendered on top. 

Put one row of lin. rubbed one .side slate 
shelf in larder with rounded corner next to door, 
and with ship-lap joint. 


Cover all the roofs, as shown, with Broseley 
plain nibbed tiles of an approved tint laid to shosv 
3jUn., with double course at eaves on proper fir 
battens. These battens will be laid on boarding 
described in the Carpenter. 

The hips and valleys to be formed with pur- 
posely made hip and valley tiles carefully bonded 
with the ordinary rooting tiles. 

Put wrouaht-iron hip hooks at foot of each hip. 

Kun cement fillet round all verges. 

The ridge tiles are to match those on the hips. 
and are to be set in cement. 


THIS standard handbook is as indispensable as 
ever to all readers, and as deservedly so. 
It notes the considerable increase in the prices of 
some of the metals — lead more especially, which 
now stands at an unprecedented figure. Jlost 
other materials are much as at the beginning of 
last year. There is not much change either in the 
condition of trade, which remains dull, though 
we ourselves think there are indications here and 
there that we shali see better times ere long. 

Recent changes in legislation are set out, more 
particularly in the London Building .Act. and its 
powers now in force with regard to protection 
from fire exercised bv the London Countv Council. 

appeared in the Press, he (the engineei) wrote to 
the secretary of the Manchester (^ouncil of the 

National Keglstration drawing his attention to 
that charge, and asking for the paiticulars of the 
examination and iiupiiry which it was under- 
stood should be made in the case of each canili- 
date. A full reply had been made to that by the 
Wor.shipful Company of Plumbers, which con- 
tained a complete vindication of their method of 
registration. That mctliod could not fail to have 
a very good effect in keeping up the work of 
plumbing to a proper st.andard. The suggestion 
that certilicates of registration could be obtaineil 
by money payments only was untrue, and it 
could not be too witlely known that those certifi- 
cates were proofs of competency. 

Mr. Parr said he was satisfied with the explana- 
tion of the Worshijjful Company of Plumbers : 
but he was not quite satisfied with the arrange- 
ments cif that committee, or that they were on the 
right lines in allowing people to be un the list 
who were not registered. 

Alderman Forster said those were people who 
were not exactly registered, but who had been 
permitted to do work by reason of their previous 
associations and experience. Mr. Parr said what 
he more especially referred to was that the names 
of people who had been in different firms and who 
were dead were kept on the list, and the registra- 
tion was kept open for people who were not 
qualified. The Engineer said they had arranged 
that as soon as there was a change in a firm such 
as Mr. Parr indicated, the name should be taken 
off the list, and their successors would have to 


IT is .a good many years since we first had 
occ:ision to record the impetus given to 
the high-class manufacture of kitchen ranges, 
cooking appaiatus, and kirdied specialties by 
the firm of JIcDowall, Steven, and Co., Ltd., of 
Glasgow, Falkirk, and 4. Ppper Thames-street, 
E.C. : and each recurring opportunity since taken 
to chronir'le tlie continuous strides made in the 
extent of its operations has been a welcome one. 

To-day we have before us a volume of more 2,000 pages, embracing six sections, in which 
the most up-to-date specialties in cooking appa- 
ratus, stoves, and fireplaces, rainwater goods 
and general fittings, verandah railings and stairs, 
stable fittings, radiators, and hot- water pipes are 
figured and described with an accuracy of detail 
and a grasp of the needs of the architect, builder, 
and jjroperty owner which are as satisfactory as 
they are advantageous. 

The moderate prices in all cases are very 
noticeable, and these are secured by the capability 
and resource of the great firm that is responsible 
for the catalogue, and in no single instance by 
the prostitution of quality to cheapness. 


AT the last meeting of the St. Helens Water 
Committee, the engineer (Mr. Lackland) 
said that on the i:ith ult. an application to be 
authorised as a plumber was laid before that com- 
mittee from a plumber in the town wlio was not a 
registered plumber, and ihe application was 
refused. In consequence, however, of the charge 
implied in his letter that the certificate of regis- 
tration was obtained by payment of fees only, 
and of a communication to the same effect which 


On Saturday afternoon the memorial which ha-s 
been. erected on the esplanade at Stirling (.'astle to 
the officers, non-commissioned officers, and men of 
the Princess's (Argyll and Sutherland High- 
landers) who fell in the South African war was un- 
veiled by the Duchess of Montrose. The memorial, 
which is of bronze after a desigu by Mr. Herliert 
Patoii, nephew of Sir NopI Patoii, represents a High- 
lander with his rifle at " the engaged," standing on 
a granite base. 

The annual banquet of the IncorpoTated Bristol 
Channel Timber Importers' Association, of which 
Mr. Averarv X. Jones is president, will be heldat 
the Koyal Hotel, Bristol, on Friday in next week, 
the 2.1th inst., .and the Bristol Master Builders will 
dine at the same place on Teh. .7. Mr. R. F. Ridd 
is president of the latter association for the year. 

A Local tiovemment B lard inquiry ha? been held 
at Brighton into the application of the corporation 
for sanction to borrow £l,0fi4 for the purchase of 
property for street improvement. 

Mr. Charles Cobb, architect and estate agent, of 
Entield, recently committed suicide by cutting his 
throat while suffering from extreme depresaioD. 

An inquiry has lately baen held at the town-hall, 
Ipswich, by a Local "tlivernment Board inspector 
regarding a loan £11,000, applied for by the town 
council for electric-lighting purposes. 

The British Academy has received the sum of 
£10,000 for the purpose of establishing a memorial 
to the late Mr. Leopold Schweich, of Paris. The 
endowment is to be devoted to the furtherance of 
research iu the archaeology, art, hi>tory, languages, 
and literature of ancient civilisation, with reference 
.to Biblical study. 



Tax. 18, 1907. 


A Ni)Ti(:EAm.E ligurc in the life of the city of 
Worcester has passed away in the person of Jlr. 
Hknuv Rowe, city and county surveyor, who 
died on Thursday in last week at his residence, 
liainbow Hill, Worcester, at the age of eighty- 
six years. Until recent years he was in active 
liractice as an architect and surveyor. In the 
office of city surveyor he succeeded hi^' father, 
and he was appointed fifty-th).ee vears-ftgo to the 
countv survevorship. During that time he has 
heen " responsible for planning i the numerous 
county buildings, and also the civic buildings. 
He was a prominent Freemason. Mr. Rowe had 
a large private practice, and was a director of the 
new (iaslight Company a 

Mii. Enwix RosioE 
DoUis-avenue, Finchley, 
illness, at Walberswick, 
agcof tifty-eight. II 
at the Royal Academy 

nd Worcester Theatre 

Jlri.Lixs, sculptor, of 

died, after a few days' 

on the 9th inst., at the 

was a constant exhibitor 

_ nd the New Gallery. His of which was a successful bust of 
.Mr. Gladstone, were faithful likenesses and of 
e.tcellent technique ; he executed some ideal 
statues, and many small statuettes and reliefs. 

JIu. William Josiau Allex, clerk of works 
to Jlessrs. Colman, of the Carrow Works, Norwich, 
died last week, aged .iC years. Sir. Allen was 
born in February, IS.iO, and his first appearance 
at Norwich was in the capacity of clerk of the 
works in connection with the rebuilding and 
extension of the Xoii'olk and Norwich Hospital. 
This appointment was made by Mr. Edward 
Boardman, F.K.I.B.A., of Norwich, the architect 
for that worjv, and it was also on his introduction 
that the late Jlr. J. J. Colman gave to Jlr. Allen 
the appointment of architect at Carrow Works, a 
position which Ijy a coincidence became vacant 
when tlie hospital engagement was drawing to a 
close. From that time until within a few months 
of his death not only was Mr. Allen responsible 
for the maintenance and upkeep of the buildings, 
for such extensions as were made necessary from 
time to time, and for the installation and upkeep 
of the electrical apparatus, but also for the 
maintenance of the extensive house property 
owned by the company. 

A WELL-Kxowx citizen of Birmingham, in the 
person of Mr. Jonx Castle, passed away on 
.Sunday after a brief illness at his residence at 
Harborne. aged St. Mr. Castle was a builder 
and contractor, and for more than fifty years 
carried on an extensive business in Broad-street. 


A memorial to the late Eev. Dr. Hood Wilson, of 
the Barclay United Free Church, Edinburgh, iu the 
form of a bronze bu^t, was unveiled on iSunday m 
Fountainbridge Mission Church. The bust was 
made by Mr. Birnie Khind, sculptor. 

The death is announced at Hyde of Mr. .Tames 
Hepworth at the age of Tli, who for over .il) years 
held the position ot surveyor to the old highways 
board at Hyde, and later sm-veyor to the local board. 
Mr. Herbert Walker, surveyor to the Wealdstone 
Urban District Council, has received an increase of 
t'i.') per annum to his salary. 

The finance committee of the Chichester Corpora- 
tion recommend the immediate expenditure ot i'.iUO 
uiion Grey Friars l:uh century chapel in I'riory 
Park, iu order to preserve it from rum. I'he total 
cost of restoration is estimated at £_',U01i. 

The new county council school built atbedworth, 
Warwickshire, at a cost of £7,47l:i, was opened on 
Monday. The school will accommodate .'i70 pupils. 

Mr. R. J. rienderlcith, at present art master in 
Coatbridge Technical College and Higher Grade 
School, was appointed, on Monday, art master in 
the Harris Academy, Dundee. The commencing 
salary is i:lSU. 

JButlbrng Mtlligtnct 

Eloiimsiu uv. — Compelled, owing to the de- 
mands of the London County Council for large 
structural alterations, to leave its headquarters at 
Exeter Hall, the Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion opened on Friday the new headquarters of 
its national work at 13, Russell-square, in which 
house its late president resided for upwards of a 
quarter of a century. The new premises consist 
of a commodious Georgian mansion. The altera- 
tions have been carried out by Messrs. HoUoway 
Brothers, to the plans of Mr. W. Charles Way- 
mouth (Messrs. Ridge and Waymouth, architects, 
Holborn) . 

Heuei-ord. — The Dean and Chapter ha\-e deter- 
mined to proceed with the restoration of the 
west front of Hereford Cathedral under the direc- 
tion of the architect, Mr. .1. < lldrid Scott, F.S.A. 
The west window, erected as a memorial of (jueen 
Victoria by upwards of 8,000 women of the 
county and' diocese, at a cost of I'l.oOO, was un- 
veiled by Princess Henry of Battenberg in 1902. 
It was found necessary to carry on in accordance 
with lilr. Scott's design the further renewal of the 
west front, the pinnacles and the upper part of 
which had been rendered insecure by the earth- 
quake of December, 1S96, while the whole fa(,-ade, 
as rebuUt by Wyatt in 1786, was unworthy of the 
rest of the cathedral. The upper portion was 
completed and paid for at a cost of .£;i,000. The 
next stage was the completion of the west end of 
the nave, involving the projection of two heavy 
buttresses, between which there was a new west 
portal with rich double doorways into the 
cathedral. This work has been done at an 
additional cost of f 4,.n00, and was dedicated by 
the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1904. The new 
facade was illustrated from Mr. Scott's design in 
our issue of .lanuary 2, 190:i. The renewal of the 
west front of the north aisle, with the addition of 
a massive turret and carved medallion, at an ex- 
penditure of £2,800, was completed at the end of 
190o, and there remains to be completed the west 
front of the south aisle. The whole work is esti- 
mated to cost £14,800, the balance now required 
being about £3,000. Operations have been 
suspended for a year, but have now been restarted 
owing to the offer of six subscribers of £100 each 
towards the cost of the work. 

Irswicn. — Two new schools have been opened, 
one in Clifford-road for 1,100 children, and one 
in Ranelagh-road for 720 children. The Clifford- 
road school has been designed by Mr. E. T. 
.Tohns, and the contract price for which Mr. S. A. 
Kenney has erected it was £ll,G7.i. The accom- 
modation is for 1,100 children, nearly equally 
divided amongst three departments. It is 
arranged on the corridor plan— i.e., with a 
corridor 8ft. wide running through it from end to 
end, and linking up large central halls, one for 
the use of the boys and girls jointly, and the other 
for the infants. The largest cential hall is G.iit. 
by 39ft. For each department theie are seven 
classrooms, four on one side of the corridor and 
three on the other, designed for 00. f 0. and 40 
pupils. All the classrooms are heated with open 
tires. Each classroom has windows communicating 
with the corridor. The external windows are 
constructed with double-hung sashes in the lower 
part, with fanlights above, to fall inwards. The 
inner walls are all lined with glazed brick dadoes, 
with jilaster above, and the floors are pitch-pine 
wood blocks. The exterior walls are of red 
brick, with (Junton white brick dressings, the 
roofs being covered with Broseley plain tiles. 
The Ranelagh-road school is also for boys, girls, 
and infants. The school been designed by 
Mr. .1. A. Scheuermann, and built by Messrs. E. 
Catcbpule and Sons, lamited. The present 
accommodation is for 720 children. 240 for e.ach 
section. By the addition of extra classrooms at 
each end, the accommodation can be increased to 

Ar a meeting on Tuesday of the committee for the ', ijiio seats. The cost has been £10,980 for thi 
preservation ot Ayr Auld Brig it was intimated that ' ' i, already done, while the complete school will 

the subscriptioi.a to the fund up to the jtreseiit 
amounted to ,C7,700, and a large sum was expected 
from Burus Clubs throughout the world on the 2.)th. 
The agreement with Messrs. Simpson and Wilson, 
enguieers of the scheme of preservation, was sub- 
mitted and generally approved. A letter was read 

cost £14.-'i00. That works out at i;i3 jier head, 
as against £10 12s. per head for the Clifford-road 
School. The exterior walls are of red Suffolk 
brick, with Ancaster and Bath stone dressings. 
St. Bautholomew's. — The hoarding surround 

from Messrs. Walker and Sous, chemical manu- jj^^ ^^y. outpatients' department of St. Bartholo 

facturers, Ayr, otfenug to do the whole asphalt 
work on the upper part of the bridge free of charge, 
and the committee accepted the olfer, and thanked 
the firm. The committee instructed the engineers to 
have their reports, plans, and specitications com- 
pleted in every detail to be ready to lay before the 
.■\yr Town Council. 

mow s Hospital is being struck. The frontage iu 
Giltspur-street, 144ft. in length, is faced with 
stone, and harmonises witlr the other buildings. 
The block is to be used by the resident medical 
staff, and also contains the students' luncheon- 
room and kitchen, in addition to rooms for accident 

and other emergency cases. The block in the rear 
of this is roofed iii, while most of the internal 
walls are up, and some of them are tiled. It 
consists of the special departments and the wait- 
ing-room for the out-patients. This hall is 140ft. 
by°4.Jft., and seats S.iO people. At the back of 
these buildings there is a third block, -jontaining 
the dispensary department, the special wards, and 
the large kitchen for the general hospital. This 
section of the new building will be roofed in 
during the next month, and the entire building is 
to be finished by the autumn. The members of 
the Architectural Association visited the new- 
buildings on Saturday under the personal guidance 
of the architect, Mr. E. B. I'Anson, M.A., i 
F.R.I.B.A. The heating arrangements are being 
carried out by Messrs. Haden and Sons, of 
Trowbridge, while the builders are Slessrs. Dove 

Selhy Ahiiey.— a meeting of the executive 
committee of the abbey restoration fund was held 
at Selby on Friday, the Earl of Harewood pre- 
siding. Tenders for the roofing and ceiling of the 
nave, north transept, and Latham Chapel, and 
the outer rooting and oak groining of the choir 
were opened, that of Jlr. Thomas S. UUathornc, 
of Selby, for €7,041, being accepted. There were 
ten tenders, and Mr. UUathorne's was the lowest. 
Mr. J. Oldrid Scott, U.S.A., the architect, in- 
formed the meeting that the roofing of the nave 
would be taken in band at once, and that the 
choir exterior roof would be built from the east to 
west, as the damaged piers were repaired and 
strengthened to bear the superstructure. It was 
resolved to put a pitched roof on the north transept 
in accordance with the original roof of the build- 
ing, and the tender of Mr. Ullathorne to rebuild 
the gable and erect the east and west turrets was 
accepted for £798 l-is. lOd. On the advice of the 
architect, the committee gave authority to proceed 
with the underpinning of the tower piers, which 
had sunk seriously, and have long been a source 
of great weakness. The total funds for the 
restoration now amount to nearly £32,000. 

Tiioi;xEV AuuEY Chvrch, C.\miis.— The re- 
storation of the nave roof, which was commenced 
last June, now been completed. The entire 
cost of the work has been defrayed by His Grace 
the Duke of Bedford, K.G. The late Mr. J. T. 
Jlicklethwaite, architect, of Westminster, was 
calledinto examine and report upon theroof inMay 
last and work was commenced forthwith, which 
was entrusted to Messrs. Smith Bros., contractors, 
of Thorney. The roof has been recovered with 
the old grey Colly weston slates, previously used for 
the purpose, and the old lead gutters have been 
substituted with hollow gutters formed of coke 
breeze concrete and asphalte, which was executed 
by Claridge's Patent Asphalts Co., Ltd. The 
plaster ceiling has been renewed on the old lines, 
and the plaster cornice reproduced in the same 
manner. The external masonry on the north and 
south side of the nave has also been thoroughly 
repaired and pointed. 

WixcHE.sTEu Catheiklil.— The defects in the 

cathedral, and works necessary therefrom become 

more and more visible and alarming. A great 

fissure in the north wall of the transept {Bishop 

Walkelin's work, 1079—1093) has now been 

traced right down to the foundations of ihe 

massive grouted wall 12ft. under the present 

surface. The crack, evidently of some antiquity, 

is large, and above ground, and enables a person 

to look through the 6ft. wall into the transept 

aisles. It has affected the wall, window arches. 

and parapet, and, tested by the plaster fillets put 

on the face of the walls of the gable, there is still 

movement going on. The workmen of Jlessrs. 

Thomijson have excavated a shaft down to the 

peat, ;ind are keeping the water down by a 

powerful pump, so that the bed of gra\el may be 

1 cached for the purpose of underpinning. 'Ihe 

gieat fabric, at all points save the extreme west 

end, stands on the water strata. Curiously enough, . 

at this shaft fragments of Roman pottery, including 

Samian ware, are found, showing the Close was ' 

the centre of Roman residential life. Inside the 

cathedral there are now deep shafts, one close to 

the clustered marble cohimned pier of De Lucy's 

work (1204), close to Langton's chantry at the 

east end of the south choir aisle, which has been 

sunk 20ft. down in order to underpin the sup- 

ijorting work of the pier. In the crypt beneath, 

nn the north and the south, deep shafts have also 

been sunk to permit the walls to be made secure. 

Jlen have been employed in plumbing the walls 

of the north transept, in order to measure their 

deviation from the upright : this deviation extends 

Jax. is, 1907. 



to several inches, especially in the case of the 
buttress and gable on the north. Scaffolding has 
been at the west front to repair the defective Caen 
stone work put up tifty years ago. There is also 
erected a fence to protect passers-by from any 
risk of falling stone during the repairs. .Some 
sections of the underpinning of He Lucy's walls 
outside the building arc finished. The work'of 
keying up the vaulting of these aisles is pro- 
gressing, and after comjiletion the chantries. 
notably Waynflete"s beautiful tomb and screen, 
will have the pinnacles replaced, and defects both 
above and below ground ma<le good. Magdalen 
College. M'aynfiete's magnificent foundation, will 
provide for the i-estoration of his chantrv, and the 
Duke of Beaufort of that of the famous repre- 
sentative of his Koval descent from John of tJhent, 
son of Edward III. Presumably it will be some 
time before the area of Do Lucy's aisles, the 
Lady-chapel, and the chanti-ies is "cleared of the 
mass of scaffolding now requisite for the workmen 
to perform operations of various kinds. 

_ YoiiK JIiNSTKi!.— The restoration of the nave of 
lork Minster is rapidly approachin.7 completion 
under the direction of 'Mr. G. F. Bodley, R.A., 
architect to the Dean and Chapter. Four of the 
flying buttresses and pinnacles on both the north 
and south sides of the nave are completed, one 
more is ready for tixing on the south, and two on 
the noith side. There are now only three tlying 
buttresses required to complete the work. Iii the 
course of the removal of some of the pinnacles on 
the north side portions of the old buttresses were 
found, and there are traces on the south side, thus 
disposing of the theory urged bv some of the 
critics of the restoration that there were no flying 
buttresses originally. It has also been found "that 
the new work exerts no pressure on the walls, but 
receives the thrust of the roof, and thus adds 
materially to its support. The work of protecting 
the Five Sisters window in the north transept 
IS also in hand. Anxiety is being felt by the 
Mmster authorities at the condition of the 
east end of the structure. There has been 
a gradual settlement for some rears at the east 
end. and one or two ominous cracks have 
developed. Theso were tilled up with cement 
eighteen months ago, but the pointing has now 
all fallen away again, and steps will have to be 
taken shortly tjiprevent any further damage. The 
south transept, too, is co'nsiderablv out of the 
perpendicular. There has, however, been no 
settlement here for some years. 

The partnership heretDfore subsisting between 
L. Lynam. .T. H. Beckett, and G. Lynam, archi- 
tects, .^toke-upon-Treut and Longton, under the 
^le of Lyuam. Beckett, and Lynam has been 

The Sheffield Corporation are faced with the 
necessity of undertaking a new and comprehensive 
scheme of sewage disposal. The proiect about to be 
entered upon will entail an expenditure of .£:Snn,00n. 
It IS only twenty years since the existing sewage 
works were completed, and at that time they were 
considered the most up-to-date in the kingdom ■ but 
now they are looked upon as almost obsolete. 

Mr. Theodore M. Davis, the well-known American 
Egyptologist, has discovered in the Valley of the 
Kings at Luxor the tomb of the great Queen Thi 
wife of Amenhotep III. It contains 
coflm, and some Canopic jars. 

St. Xicholas Church, Plumstead, the oldest 
ecclesiastical building in the district, is be rebuilt at 

a mummy. 

a cost of i9,00n. It 13 proposed to retain the present 
tower and one of the main walls, and to build a 
lOTger church, providing accommodation for about 
:iuO worshippers. 

The Local Government Board have sanctioned the 
borrowing by the Glutton, .-Somerset, Kural District 

ouncl of £22,000 for the purpose ' 
to Cameley. LIutton, Farmbomu 

(l^nguutrhtg f^atts. 

SoiTiiw.uiK 15;;iiiuE.— The City Corporation 
have before them a suggestion by'Deputy Algar 
to refer to the Bridge House Committee the 
question of considering and reporting upon the 
subject of improving or reconstructing Southwark 
Bridge. It is estimated that if reconstruction is 
decided upon the cost will not be less than 
i;.)00,000. Southwark Bridge is admittedly ill- 
adapted for its purpose. The chief reasons which 
operate against its more extensive use for vehicular 
traffic are (1) its bad approaches, (2) the sharp 
incline, on the north side particularly, and ['■ii its 
narrowness. From parapet to parapet it is only 
42ft. wide, and for vehicular traffic a space of only 
28ft. lim. is available. The width of Blackfriafs 
Bridge at present is ;.=ift., and when it has been 
widened it will be 10.'>ft. The desirability of 
reconstructing the bridge has been previously 
admitted by the Corporation, and, provided the 
Court of Common Council adopts Deputy Algar's 
motion. Parliament will be asked to sanction the 
work. The piefeit bridge was built 8S years 

Sol riiAMi'TON-.— The proposed docks extension 
will involve an estimated expenditure of half a 
million sterling, and take the form of a new wet 
dock, having its outlet on the Test side, and 
situated between the Trafalgar dry dock and the 
cold storage. Plans of the new d"oek have been 
placed before the works committee of the South- 
ampton Harbour Board, and provide a water area 
sixteen acres in extent, or precisely similar in size 
to the old outer dock. The new dock will have a 
normal depth of 40ft. The two main quays will 
be l,6.)0ft. long, thus permitting two of fhc 
largest liners afloat to lie end to end alongside 
each quay, with room to spare. The width of 
the dock will be 400ft.. though the length of the 
third inner quay, owing to the angle at which it 
is to be built, will be (itoft. In addition to the 
three inner quays, there are to be two outer qiiavs 
'." ."^"^ vicinity of the Trafalgar dock, 49.5ft. and 
.5 Lift, in length respectively. The scheme also 
provides for the erection of "two sheds on each of 
the main quays. The proposals received on 
Tuesday the provisional assent of the Southampton 
Harbour Board. 


Mr. .1. A. Bernard Horsley has resigned his 
position as electrical engineer to the Tonbridge 
t'rban District Council, consequent upon his having 
been appointed engineer to the Harrow Electric 
Lighting and Power Co. 

There are 173 applicants for the vacant appoint- 
ment of chief assistant electrical engineer to the 
Islington Borough Council, at a commencing salary 
of £2.)0 per annum, with a maximum of £3.50. 

The Bishop of Sheffield has dedicated at St. 
Augustine's, Sheffield, the clock aud bells which 
Lady Stephenson has given in memory of her 
husband, the late Sir Henry Stephenson. 

At a meeting of the ratepayers of Rawtenstall on 
Wednesdaj', it was decided to sanction a Bill 
authorising an expenditure of over £223,000, in- 
cluding £113,66.s tor electrifying the tramways, 
£S2,310 for equipment, £2,000 lor motor omnibuses. 


The AECIiITKCTruAi. Assoc iatiox's Stidexts' 
Smokixo Co.nckut.— .\ speiial feature of this 
year's <-oncert, to be held at the Georgian Hall of 
the Gaiety Restaurant on March 1, will be an 
attempt to revive the A. A. plays by producing a 
short, new, and original musical extravaganza. It 
has also been aiTanged to hold a ladies' night and 
dress rehearsal of the play on the previous even- 
ing at the same place. Particulars can be ob- 
tained from Mr. T. W. Watkins, 28, Elm Park 
Mansions, S.W., and from the secn.'tary of the 
association, IS, Tufton-street, S.W. 'JThe net 
proceeds will, as before, be given in aid of the 
Architects' Benevolent Fund. 

The Ai ctioxkeus' Institite. — The annual 
meeting of the Midland Counties Branch of the 
Auctioneers' In.<*titute took place at Burton-on- 
Trent on Thursday, the lOth inst. The meeting 
was attended by 3Ir. I)ougla.s Young, of London, 
and Mr. Charles Harris, secretary of the Insti- 
tute. The officers for the year are : — Messrs. 
W. H. Bradwell (Nottingham), chairman: .1. J. 
Curtis, .1. Shakespear (Leicester), vice-chairmen ; 
J. Rowland (Burton-on-Trent), treasurer; .V. \V. 
Shelton (Xottingham , auditor: and \V. H. 
Tarratt (Leicester), hon. secretary. Mr. Douglas 
Young, whilst promising to bring before the 
council the desire of the members that the annual 
meeting of the institute might be held at Notting- 
ham, observed that as the institute would attain 
its majority tliis year there was a feeling that the 
event ought to be celebrated in the Jietropolis, 
especially as it might have some bearing on the 
application for a charter. 

Leeds and Yorkshike ARCHiTECTfR.«, 
Society. — The annual dinner of this society 
took place on Friday night at the (Queen's Hotel, 
Leeds. Over sixty members and guests were 
present. The president (Mr. H. S. Chorley) was 
in the chair, and the gathering included the 
Vice-Cnancellor of the I'niversity of Leeds (Dr. 
Bodington , Mr. \V. J. Locke (secretary of the 
Koyal Institute of British Architects , Jlr. Henry 
Barran (president of the Leeds Chamber of Com- 
merce), ilr. J. E. Bedford president of the Leeds 
Institute), and Mr. A. E. Kirk (bon. secretary of 
the Society . Dr. Bodington. in giving -'The 
Itoyal Institute of British Architects," asked. 
What did an architect require ': A sound, general 
education, a healthy public opinion, and friendly 
intercourse with his professional brethren and 
with architects from other lands. All these were 
supplied by the Koyal Institute of British Archi- 
tects, which played an important part in guiding 
public bodies, ilr. W. .1. Lo -ke acknowledged 
the toast. Alluding to the question of Registra- 
tion, .he said that a compromise between two 
opposing parties had resulted in the adoption bv 
the Royal Institute of a scheme providing for a 
revision of the charter of the Institute, and for 
promoting a Bill in Parliament, with the object 
of securing recognition in the professional sense 
of the diploma of the Institute. The report of 
the committee which had been appointed would bj 
published shortly. The object of the Registration 
movement was to improve the status of the archi- 
tect by insuring that he should have a propei 
artistic training, and also that the public should 
be acquainted with the dignity of his work. That 

£:iOO for electrical motors, £.5,.)00 for municipal I could not be done by a dirided. but a united, pro- 
offices, and £5,800 for sanitary purposes. Ifession. They had to awaken the public to the 

At Ilkley, on Wednesday, two of the workmen at 
the new town-hall, Frank Carver and Wilham 
Mitchell, fell from a scatTolJ a distance of nearly 
40ft., and were killed on the spot. 

An addition to the art collection in the Scottish 

National Gallery has lust been made by the pre- 

f water supply ' .'entation of a portrait of Mr. W. Dallas Ross, 

Gurmley, "High LitUeton, 

nugh, Farring'ton, 
Paulton, Eaaton, and 

The Board of Trade have recently confirmed the 
inrtermentioued order made by the Light Kailwav 
Lommissionprs _ ■\t„.,t^^ ■' r- B"m.iii»a) 

London, by the late Mr. Robert Brough, A.R.S. 
The picture was painted about ten years ago. 


The public examination of Mr. Albert Edward 
Beckely Crundall, described as an estate agent, of 

Lommissinnorc At J . ' r. ^~- ^••^■■^^} Clement's Inn. Strand, was on Wednesday con- 

iSiv, fJL ~ ^aidstone Corporation Light ! eluded, the statement of atfairs showmg gross 
c^s^Sin If l!^Sf 'f "■• l'«". ?"th;Orisi=ig the , liabilities amounting to £2.56,812 12s. lid., of w^ich 
coiisxruction of light railways in the borough of \ £2.5,.5i;6 lOi 


, in the county of Kent, 

iv*^?L'°*^!;f^"S discoveries have been made at 
lor Abbey. Torquay. A vers- tine Norman sate- 
way aud slate coffins were discovered 
ago, and >tone coffins con 
have just been disinterred 

8d. was expected to rank, and assets 
'uce £110,739 8s, 

Maidstnno =„.i A "■■'"■'.>= '" i"e Dorougn ot t2.i,.ihb lOs. 8d. was expected to 
on thlT^,f, ^ '" '^*' ;?'■''' ''"^'S? °* Maidstone and ' estimated by the bankrupt to prod: 
S^.^f^^'ir^y °^ the rural district of HoUing- The bankrupt attributed his failure to his liabilities 

and expenditure, amounting to upwards of £43,000, 
in connection with the Southend Palace Hotel. 

ago, and >tone coffins containhTg 'human re^maiUs 
- 1^?° disinterred. An old staircase has 
oeen Jound, the existence of which had been hitherto 
quite uuknown. 

1 he Local (Tovemment Board have consented to 
the raising by the Derbyshire County Councd of a 
loan of £.s,390 for the erection of an isolation 
hospital at Langwith, to serve the eastern portion of 
North Derbyshire. Messrs. RoUinson and Son, 
Corporation-street, Chesterfield, are the architects. 

I new artistic movement in architecture, and that 
must be done by the efforts of a combined pro- 
fession. In an appeal for support of the Institute 
he pointed out that it had done much to raise the 
sfcitus oi the profession generally. Mr. S. 1). 
Kitson submitted 'The Allied Societies,'' and. 
pai-aphnising a well-known political statement, 
said that what architects thought to-day the 
public thought to-morrow. The alliance between 
the Royal Institute and the local societies took 
place, in the majority of instances, in 1889, and 
there were eighteen of these allied societies. R-- 
ferring to the disastrous effect of smoke upon 
Westminster Abbey. Canterbury Cathedral. York 
Minster, and other historic buildings. Mr. Kitson 
suggested that the allied societies might take this 
question into consideration. He added that the profession was very much over- 
crowded and notoriously underpaid. There was, - 
however, more mutual forbearance and help 
among architects than in any other profession, 
and this was largely due to the local or allied 
societies, which afforded the opportunity to 
members to meet, and to their connection with 
the Royal Institute, which gave them the oppor- 



Tax. 18, 1907, 

tunity of thinking Imperially. Mr. 1''. E. P. 
Edwards (Bradford) responded. He spoke of 
the educational value of the local societies, 
and claimed that they had justified their 
e.vistence. Mr. Butler Wilson proposed "The 
t'ity of Leeds " iu a humorous speech. 
Alderman C. F. Tetley, replying, said the cor- 
poration were not always desirous of receiving 
advice ; but ho had no doubt that if the archi- 
tects of the city were united, they would find an 
opportunity of making their influence felt. " The 
Leeds and Yorkshire Architectural Society" was 
given by Mr. Henry Barran, who said that per- 
haps if eome of them had to choose their vocation 
in life again they would prefer to be architects, 
not because of their artistic gifts, but because the 
architecfs life had so many charms. It rrright, 
however, be said that an architect's life was not 
a happy one. because there were such things as 
building by-laws. The president, replying to the 
toast, expressed the opinion that nowadays archi- 
tects were not ao much hard worked as hard 
pushed, for clients wanted everything done in a 
hurry. He believed that in future science and 
architecture would go more together than in the 
past, and that the University of Leeds would 
have a greater influence over architectural 
matters. In these days of electric cars, there 
was a great movement of decentralisation in pro- 
gress. In regard to the laying-out of suburban 
districts, this country had done very little as lom- 
pared with Germany, and he thought our local 
authorities ought to have greater powers than at 
present in the treatment and management of out- 
lying districts. Mr. Percy Robinson, in intro- 
ducing the toast of "Thetiuests, " suggested that 
Leeds was not architecturally a beautiful city, 
and that the criticisms passed upon it by Mr. 
Bernard Shaw were not altogether undeserved. 
The condition of the city was not so much due to 
the inability of the architects as to the apathy of 
the general public. Mr. J. S. K. Phillips replied. 

MAN-cirEsTER SociETV 01' AucHiTE jTS. — The fifth 
general meeting of the students of the abo\e society 
was held at the society's rooms on Tuesday, Jan. 
15. An impromptu debate took place, at which 
the following were among the subjects discussed : 
— "That an Architect should i'it himself for 
Designing in all Crafts," "That an (Oriental 
Style of Architecture is Unsuitable to our English 
Climate," and "That it is Advisable for young 
Architects to go into Partnership rather than to 
Commence Practice on their own account." The 
above subjects, and several others of a similar 
nature, were debated on, and put to the meeting 
to deride. 

Nation.m, Fedeuatiox ok BriT.oERs. — The 
annual meeting of the Midland Centre of the 
National Federation of Building Trades Employers 
of (xieat Britain and Ireland was held at the 
Acorn Hotel, Temple-street, Birmingham, on 
Friday. The President (Mr. F. G. Whittall; 
presided, and among those present, representing 
Master Builders' Associations in the Midlands, 
and afliliated to the centre, were Colonel J. 
Barnsley, County Councillor J. Hallow (Black- 
heath), Messrs. ' J. Wright and F. H. Fish 
(Nottingham), W. Wistance (Walsall), J. H. 
kellett (Leicester), F. Lindsay Jones i Wolver- 
hampton), C. H. Barnsley, J. B. Whitchouse, 
and Albert S. Smith (Bii-mingham), and Fred W. 
Amphlet (secretary). The report stated that tlie 
conditions of the building trade in the Midlands 
had been as disappointing and discouraging during 
the past year as they very well could be. There 
had been very few disputes with the operatives 
during the year. Ditliculties at Coventry and 
Leicester had been settled locally by arbitration, 
and at W^orcoster and Newark by the newly- 
established Conciliation Boards. Two new as- 
sociations had been formed at Bromsgro\e and 
Kedditch. Under the national scheme agreed to 
by the Federation and the Carpenters', Brick- 
layers*, and Stonemasons' Societies, the Midland 
Centre Conciliation Board had been formed, and 
had settled the dispute at Newark, whilst luial 
Conciliation Boards had been formed at liirming- 
ham. Burton - on - Trent, Uerby, Leicester, 
Newark. Nottingham, North Staffordshire, 
sall, West Bromwich, Woh-erhampton, and 
\Vorcester. The tot:il amount promised to the 
national reserve fund of .€10,00U (of which 
£1.600 had been allocated to the centre) was 
£9.i2 Ha. (id., of which £1)21 Us. (Jd. had been 
received in The accounts showed a balance 
iu hand of £30, and it was estimated that the 
unpaid subscriptions would realise about .£7!i. 
The report emphasiseo the fact that the recently- 
pa.ssed Tnidea l)ispute.s Bill would make it more 

necessary than ever for builders to federate and 
improve their organisation. The following officers 
were appointed for the ensuing year : President, 
County Councillor J. Hallow : vice-presidents, 
Mr. VV. Wistance (Walsall) and Councillor H. 
Smith (West Bromwich) ; honorary treasurer, Mr. 
W. Sapcote (Birmingham) : honorary auditoi-s, 
Colonel J. Barnsley. J. P., and Mr. Albert S. 
Smith (Birmingham). A committee was also 
elected to consider the advisability of preparing 
a scheme of collective insurance for the purpose 
of covering workmen's compensation risks. 

SnEi-;-iELi) Society ok Ar.niiTE ts axd Srii- 
vEYous.— At the monthly meeting of this society, 
held on Thurseay in last week, in the society's 
room. Mr. H. L." Paterson, A.R.I.B.A., lectured 
upon the " Architectural Treatment of W'ood- 
work." Mr. W. J. Hall occupied the chair. 
The design of internal ecclesiastical and domestic 
woodwork was considered from the 13th century, 
through the Early Kenaissance period, and down 
to Grinling tiibbon's work in St. Paul's Cathe- 
dral, which may be regarded as the culminating 
work of the Later Renaissance. The difference in 
the nature of the carving was remarked upon, and 
it was shown that in the later work the ornament 
was no longer cut out of the mouldings, but out 
of separate pieces which were applied to the work, 
allowing greater freedom in design and greater 
delicacy in execution, but to a certain extent 
interfering with the architectural lines. The 
paper concluded with a plea for the correct use 
of woodwork, and the opinion was expressed that, 
while it might be losing ground as a constructive 
material, there was little reason, owing to its 
intrinsic beauty, to fear that it would be sup- 
planted for internal decorative work. The paper 
was illustrated by a large number of slides of 
English woodwork. 


The following is a return of the work done by the 
housing committee of the Birmingham City Cauncil 
from January, 1902, to the end ol December, 1906 : 
— Represented by medical ofBcer of health 3, 195, 
closhig orders obtained 913, houses rendered habit- 
able 1,1')7, undergoing repiir 33S, notices unexpired 
1,163, converted to workshops 31, repaired without 
notices 267, demolished .U9. 

The new goods station, built of ferro-concrete, 
which the North-Eastern Radway Company has 
erected in New Bridge- street, Newcastle-ou- I'yne, 
has been rnformally opened for all classes of traffic 
passing in full truck loadi. It is 400ft. in length, 
17Sft. wide, and S3ft. in height. There is a base- 
ment warehouse with an area of 7-i,000sq.ft. On 
the ground floor there are six lines or rails, providing 
accommodation for 12J waggons, and in addition 
there is standing-room in ttie yard for 2S0. The 
first and second floors have an added area of 
140,dO;)sq.ft., of which tO.OOOsq.ft. is taken up by a 
novel arrangement for the storage of gram and 

The Penarth Ship-repairing Company have 
obtained terms from Messrs. Swan, Hunter, and 
Wigham Richardson for the supply of a new pon- 
toon to be erected iu the neighbourhood of the 
company's preserit property at Penarth. It will 
have a total length of 400ft. 

The Essex County Council have adopted a re- 
port from a committee recommending that applica- 
tion be -made to the Local Government Board 
to borrow £4,6.35 for a new school at Chadwell 
Heath, and £1,881 for enlarging the infants' school 
iu the same district. It was further agreed that 
application be made for sanction to raise a loan of 
.£10,370 for the reconstruction of the boys' depart- 
partmeut to accommodate 488 and improvements at 
Woodford Churchtields School, and also £10,188 for 
a new county high school at Loughtou to accom- 
modate 160 girls. 

The Britannia Engineering Company, of Col- 
chester, nave nearly completed considerable exten- 
sions to their work-. The main extension consists 
of three bays, of a total width and length of l.Wft., 
and includes light and heavy machine shops, 
turnery, smithy, tool-room, and pattern shop. The 
two outside bays and the ends of the middle bay are 
also partially covered by galleries, where fitting and 
assembling will be carried on. In addition to this 
main building, a general stores, brass foundry, and 
pattern stores have been installed. All the shafting 
in the new portion of the works is driven by electric 

The raising of the weir and dam at Rudyard 
Reservoir, which is proposed to be carried out 
under clause 8 of the North Staffordshire Railway 
Bill, is estimated at £13,001 by the engineer (Mr. 
G. J. Crosbie Dawson) in the estimate and expense 
which has been deposited at Westminster in con- 
nection with the Bill. 


The Coventry Waiek SrrrrLY Scheme.— A 
special meeting of the Coventry City Council was 
held on 'Tuesday in St. Mary's Hall, under the 
presidency of the Mayor, for the purpose of 
taking into consideration the resolution passed on 
December 4 last sanctioning the water supply agree- 
ment between Birmingham and Coventry. Alderman 
Bird (as chairman of the waterworks and fire- 
brigade committee) moved the formal adoption of 
the resolution in question, which, he said, had been 
already adopted by 34 votes to 10 at a meeting of 
the council, and by 76 votes to 2 at the town's 
meeting called to take the matter into considera- 
tion. The formal resolution was carried by a large 

— *-^ ■ 

A faculty has been granted for placing in Titch- 
field Parish Church a Union Jack flag brought from 
Pretoria, and for the erection of memorial tablets to 
Titchfield men engaged in the South African war. 

There was a general resumption of work in the 
building trade at Melbourne on Friday. .-Vfter 
deducting strike pay amounting to £10,000, the loss 
of wages is estimated at £26,000. 

It has been decided to name the new concert hall 
being budt in Great Portland-street, the "St. 
James's Hall," thus continuing the associations of 
the demolished St. James's Hall, PicKidilly— the 
name at first suggested, that of St. Paul, not being 
f o;)ular iu the musical profession. The hall wa.s 
illustrated in our issue of Nov. 9, ISOli. 

Messrs. Frederick Braby and Co., Ltd., of 
Glasgow, issue, to the trade only, and to architects, 
a monthly diary, of which a new and enlarged 
edition is published, which is really a most useful 
and handy epitome of information. 

The new Hospital, East Ham, is being warmed 
and ventilated by means of Shorland's double- 
fronted patent Manchester stoves with descending 
smoke-flues, Manchester grates and special inlet and 
outlet ventilators, the same being supplied by 
Messrs. E. H. Shoi laud ;md Brother, of Manchester. 

A new Baptist church is nearing completion at 
Market Harborough. It is built in brick and Monks 
Park stone, the latter material being supplied by the 
Bath Stone Firms, Limited. The architects are 
Messrs. Baines and Son, of Clements Iiin, London, 
and the builders are Messrs. Herbert and Son, of 

The extension of the King's Heath tram route to 
Alcester I>\nes Ead was opened tor the use of the 
public on Saturday. 

A find of Romin coins which has been made at 
Llandudno is to be the subject of a coroner's 
inquiry, and on Saturday the police took possession 
of nearly 500 pieces. From the position of the 
treasure at some depth m the detritus of stone and 
soil at the foot of a limestone precipice forming 
the southern face of the Little Orme, it is believed 
to have lain there for 1,600 years. 

A new parish church room at Newport, Salop, 
was opened on Friday by the Duchess of Sunder- 
land. The room has been budt at a cist of £1,2.50. 
The style is English Domestic, with half-timbered 
gables and tiled roof. Mr. A. E. Lloyd Oswell, of 
Shrewsbury, was the architect, and Mr. E. Whit- 
tingham, of Newport, Salop, was the builder. 

The Warrington Borough Council have increased 
the salary of their electrical engineer ' Mr. Mathias) 
from £300 to £350. 

Mr. F. T. Elliott, of Birchington, and formerly 
surveyor, for five years, to theThanet Rural District 
Council, was on Friday appointed surveyor and 
sanitary inspector to the Wrotham Urban District 

The Birmingham Trade Councd have initiated a 
scheme for building an institute, a social club, and 
trade union offices to cost £8,000. 

On Thursday in last week Mr. F. ilracc, con- 
tractor, of Southampton, drove the first pile of the 
new groyne he has contracted to build in the 
Eastern Bay, Ventnor. The cost of the groyne 
will be about £800. 

The Bradford Town Councd have appointed Mr. 
T. Roles, chief electrical assistant engineer, to the 
vacant position of electrical engineer for six months 
at a salary at the rate of £450 per annum. 

The corporation of Glasgow have voted the 
sum of £3,000 to the School of Art in that city, 
towards the cost of erecting a new and enlarged 

The partnership heretofore subsisting between T. 
M. Garrood and R. Harrison, architects, Birkbeok 
Bank-chambers, E.G., under the style of Memson, 
Garrood, and Harrison has been dissolved, as has 
also that hitherto in existence between J. C. Hukina 
and A. Y. Mayell, architects, Westbourne-grove, 
W., and Essex-street, W.C., under the style of 
Hukins and Mayell. 

Jan. 18, 1907. 




Open V. Restricted Competitions 

Sanitary Eng^neerins- : An Important New Book 

The Architectural Association 

The I*ractice of Architecture in our Smaller Cities 

and Towns 

Sanitary Law 

Quantities.— TI 

Ixickwood's Builder'sand Contractor's Price Book, 1907 

The Rcfristration of IMumbers 

Milton fiistings 


Building Intellieenee 

Engineerinff Notes 

Professinmil and Trade Societies 

Water Supply and Sanitary Matters 

The BriLDiN', News Directory ix- 

Our Illustrations i'-'* 

Competitions 95 

Correspondence 114 

Intercomraiinication, 114 

Legallntelli^ence Ho 

Our Office Table lU' 

Meetinars for the Ensuing' "Week 11*" 

latest Vrices 117 

Tenders ... 118 

lirt of Competition!!! Open 119 

List of Tenders Open 119 

5l<iSS. — "^CSi-AS'S, 









©lu Hlustratinns. 


Oi'LEOss was originally a Cistercian monastery, 
founded in 1:^17 by Malcolm, the Seventh Earl of 
yife. Considerable portions of the building still 
remain. The church itself, however, has passed 
through numerous vicissitudes and appears to 
have been altered and adapted at so many different 
periods that it is difficult to form any definite 
opinion of its original appearance. Previous to 
the beginning of last century, it appears largely 
to have fallen into decay and to have been 
"restored" in the style then so prevelant, when 
galleries were introduced, the walls and ceilings 
lathed and plastered, and new wiodows formed, 
with a total disregard to the evidences of the 
existing work. In the restoration which has just 
been completed the whole of the modern renova- 
tion has been cleared out, and the building rein- 
stated in accordance with the evidences of the old 
work. The floor of the church has been lowered 
to its original level, and an entirely new roof 
erected. The interior of the walls, which are of 
scabbled ashlar, have again been exposed, along 
with all the moulded and ornamental work, and the 
old windows, \'c. . traces of which were found, have 
been repaired. The south transept aisle, which had 
at some period been demolished, has been re-built 
upon the old foundations. During the work con- 
siderable remains of the early monastic buildings, 
hitherto unknown, have been excavated, and 
ground on the south side of the church cleared 
away, exposing the original basis of the building 
at a considerable depth below the level of the 
ground, which had at some period been made up, 
probably being used as a depository for the excava- 
tions from the foundations of the adjoining Abbey 
House. The work h,as been carried out under the 
direction of Jlessrs. Sir Rowand Anderson, LL.I)., 
and Paul, architects, Edinburgh. 

•\ inRMixcHAM cnrxciL noi"SE C(tMrEriTiox. 

Wk have already fuUy illustrated the selected 
design, and also that submitted by Jlr. Henry T. 
Hare.* Herewith we give the two chief floors 
and view of the scheme prepared by ilessrs. 
Mansell and XIansell. of Uirniiiigham, and Albert 
E. Dixon, of Manchester, whose plan is one of the 
best. The other drawing given illustrates Messrs. 
Matear and Simeons' perspective, giving the 
surroundings very carefully drawn in pen and 

\3 " DIXC.IX'S," liILLIX<;SHl'K.ST. 

This plate shows various alterations and additions 

hung with vertical tiles. The chimney-stacks are 
built of red bricks. The roofs are covered with 
the stone healing common in the locality, a 
sufticient quantity having been taken off some of 
the old buildings" to cover the greater part of the 
new. The windows in the front elevation are 
entirely new. The work has been carried out by 
Messrs". James Longley and Co., of Crawley, from 
the designs and under the superintendence of the 
architect, Mr. A. Blomfield Jackson, P. R.I. B. A., 
of Xew-square. Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 


The subject of this cartoon, set by the Council of 
the Royal Academy, was as follows, ■• A Female 
Figure in Classical Drapery Carrying a Pitcher" 
(no background). ^Ve reproduce the selected or 
prize design. It is by Miss Amy Johanna Fry, of 
St. James's Vicarage, Upper Edmonton. Her 
drawing comes out remarkably well, with all the 
artistic quality of the charcoal original, which is 
of life-size. "As a study of drapery the merit is 
conspicuous, and for originality and power was 
unapproached by either of the other competitors. 


The drawing we illustrate was shown at the 
last Academy Exhibition. The house is planned 
make the most of a hilly site, with splendid views. 
The entrance hall, which does not appear on the 
plan, is below the drawing-room, the dining-room 
and kitchen being on an intermediate level, with a 
small loggia opening directly on to the upper 
o-arden. The materials used are local sandstone 
and roughcast, with hand-made tiles for the roof. 
The house was built some four years ago for 
Mr. Langton Dennis, from his own designs, by 
Messrs. Connor Bros., of Crowborough. 


C.4RDIFF. ^' 

These schools, erected by the Glamorgan Educa- 
tion Committee, were opened last month. The 
school is for infants, and has a central hall, 
Kift. Sin. long by 2'>ft. •2in. wide, with six class- 
rooms opening off same ; cloakrooms, teachers' 
rooms, Arc, on the ground floor; while in the 
basement there are provided covered playgrounds, 
heating-chamber, and coals. The walls are built 
of local stone, with Ruabon brick and I'ox Ground 
Bath stone dressings, the root's being covered 
with Welsh slates. In all the classrooms fixed 
blackboards are provided for freehand drawing. 
The building is heated by low-pressure hot-water 
apparatus, and ventilated on the natural system — 
the lower portion of all windows opening as 
hoppers, with glazed cheeks : the upper portion 
being centre-hung. The flijors in central hall 
and classrooms consist of solid pitch-pine blocks 
on concrete, with tiled floors in cloakroom and 
corridor. The site is over an acre in extent and 
is partly covered with tar-paving, part gravelled, 
and part turfed. The foundations are of con- 
siderable depth, on account of the nature of the 
soil. The school provides accommodation f<n- 
3:50 infants, and the county architect, Mr. D. 
Pugh Jones, F.S.I.. of Cardiff, carried (.utthe 
building, at a cost of £-!,7yo ; the contractor being 
ilr. T. F. Ilowells, of Cardiff : the clerk of works 
being Jlr. Thomas Jones. 


BiuMixGHAM. — At Tuesday's meeting of th- 
city council the Lord mayor submitted the report 
of the general purposes committee, and moved 
the adoption of the recommendation tliat Messrs. 
H. \'. Ashley and Winton Newman, of liOndon, 
should be appointed architects for the Council 
House extension. The motion having been 
seconded, .Vlderraan Lloyd criticised the selected 
design, contending that it was not the one which 
provided the best accommodation for the gas 
department. There were better arrangements, so 
J-far as they were concerned, in one of the other 
designs. The general oIKee would have to be 
arranged on a scale large enough to accommodate 
about 150 clerks, and it was important that such 
a large body of men doing ditticult work should 
have a maximum of light and air. This un- 
fortunately was not so in the selected design. 
There was considerable fear that the office would 
be distinctly dark. Important offices in the 
basement and passages connected with them would 
be very much too dark, and would probably 
always involve aitificial light to work in. 
Alderman Lloyd also pointed to the inconvenience 
and noise likely to result from taking a cartway 
underneath the main office. In view of the fact 
that the gas department was to contribute from 
£74,000 to i'.SO,000 towards the cost of the new 
building, , he urged that its recjuirements were 
entitled to consideration, and that a definite 
assurance should be given that the plans would 
be modified. Jlr. Freeman repeated his regiet that 
the council had not adopted his sugestion that the 
Congreve-street frontage should be utilisedforbusi- 
ness premises from which a considerable income 
could have been derived. Mr. Tonks wished to 
know if the consulting architects had advised them 
upon whether the design could be carried out at 
the proposed cost. Alderman Beale, in reply, 
said that the resolution simply appointed the 
architects, with whom they would be able to 
confer respecting any modification of the plans 
that might be considered desirable. They would 
have a perfectly free hand in this respect. 
With regard to cost, this was not the most ex- 
pensive nor the least expensive design, but each 
architect was required to furnish an estimate 
based upon the cubical measurement. They never, 
however, could tell the cost until they invited 
tenders. The resolution was carried. Jlessrs. 
Ashley and Newman's design now adopted was 
fully illustrated in our issue of a fortnight ago : 
last week we gave illustrations of Mr. H. T. 
Hare's design, and to-day we furnish similar 
illustrations of the design by Jlessrs. JIanselland 
Mansell and Dixon. 


The cottage we illustrate has been designed with 
the object of affording a simple home for week- 
end use, inexpensive in its first cost. The various 
little points which go to make such a house com- 
fortable have been rather happily contrived. The 
staircase hall leading to the garden entrance 
supplies a space for the storage of bicycles and 
"■ame or garden requisites : the lavatory opening 
off the back hall is conveniently situated tor use 
after tennis. 4:c. The hall is situate between the 
back part of the house and the recessed porch, 
making a snug arrangement. The kitchen is 
isolated by means of a ventilated servery, prevent- 
ing culinarj' odours from reaching the living 
rooms. Upstairs are four good bedrooms and a 
most needed boxroom— a very desirable feature 
for a week-end cottage. The site is near the sea, 
to an old Sussex farmhouse recently purchased by and beach pebbles, with bricks, will be used, the 
Mr. J. L. Beck. The plans have been to a great cottage being roofed with grey slates. The archi- 
€xtcnt governed by existing walls and timber 
partitions which it was desired to retain, especially 
as the latter are in several instances formed of 
large oak timbers with plaster in between. Ex- 
ternally the walls are faced in cement, finished to 
a smooth sand face, the upper portion being partly 

• See BciLDiyr. News for Jan. 4 and 11. 1937. 

grey i 
tect is Mr. J. E. Dixon-Spain, A.R.I.B.A. 

In the Bar library of the Eo al Courts of Justice 
on Monday, Lord Alverstone, the Lord Chief Justice, 
unveded the memorial to the late Mr. F. A. Inder- 
wick, K.C. It consists of a marble bust, executed by 
Mr. G. J. Frampton, K.A. 

The burgesses of Southend-on -Sea have f^irmally 
approved the scheme of sewage disposal promoted by 
the town council, which is to cost £150,000. 

The city council of Birmingham on Tuesday, after 
a long discussion, adopted, by liO votes to 2:!, the 
report of the Housing Committee, recommending 
that the offer of the Ideal Benefit Society to tike ou 
lease the land acjuired by the council at Bordesley 
Green as a site for workmen's dwellings be accepted, 
that the committee be iustructed to take all necessary 
steps for completmg the arrangement, and that the 
finance committee be instructed to borroA- £J,000 
.towards the cost of laying out the open space, 
C^ sewering, and road-makiug. 

The Local Government Board have sanctioned 
the borrowing by the Bjlton Corporation of £20,0110 
for the purposes of electric lighting. 

The Vice-chancellor, Dr. D. MacAlisfer, Pro- 
fessor Waldsteiu, Professor Kidgeway, Professor 
Hopkinson, Messrs. W. C. Marshall. M.A., Trmity 
College, W. D. Can.e, M.A., Trimty CMlege, 
D. H. S. Cranage, M.A., King's College, and 
W. M. Fletcher, JI.A., Trinity College, are to be 
appointed a syndicate by the Senate of Cambridge 
Cniversity to consider the advisability of instituting 
a diploma m Architecture. 

The first annual meeting of the Manitoba Asso- 
ciation of Architects was recently held. The 
secretary's and treasurer's re lorts showed every- 
thing to be in a very satisfactory condition. The 
following officers were elected for the ensuing year : 
Mr. S. F. Peters, president (re-elected) ; Mr. J. H. G. 
Russell, first vice-president; Mr. S. Hooper, second 
vice-president: Mr. L. T. Bristow, treasurer (re- 
elected) ; Mr. PercyOver.hon. secretary (re-elected). 
Directors : Mr. I). Atchinson (re-elected), Mr. Wm. 
Fingland, Mr. J. Greenfield (re-electedl, Mr. William 
Elbot (re-elected), Mr. J. Woodman. 

The Dumbarton Town Council have decided that 
three additional sand filters be provided at the 
waterworks, having a capacity of 038,600 gallons, 
and at a cost of £2,800. 



Jan. 18, 1907. 




The Building Rews. Jan. 1^.1907. 


HovyE AT 

Fac«o-lid»jfBpkfcd&Kniit^dl)jJame6 Akennan.S.Queen Sqowe.WC 

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Tax. 18, 1907, 




tb:e bthldtng news. 

Jax. 18, 190r. 


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lit-:. Eivf:D.~F. B. and Co.-C. S. S. A., Ltd.— R. H.— 
H. H. and Co.-M. and Co.— Vibos.-R. H. D.— A.— S. 
— M. D. H.-Pax.— Rayshine. 

H. T.— Drawing returned. 

T. P. R.— Thanks; given many times. 

l>.-0.— We could do with a brief account. 

Massivf.— Have a look through our back vols., say from 
Vol. XXXV. toL. 

Kii->u.^There is something in the idea, but weave a 
little doubtful as to novelty of claim. Consult a good 
patent agent. 

D. (Hounslow i. — That wa^ tried as long agoasthesixtie-s, 
anil probably before. The objection was the horrible 
noise. True, nowadays we put up with worse. 

Meridian. — Putney's patent "Pavodilos" joint secures 
what you want. Write Saml. Putney, Ltd., Baltic 
Wharf, Paddington. 

A. K. L.— The '■Medmenham" tiles are made by Art 
Pavements and Decorations, L*,d., 7, Emerald-street, 

A. P. S.— "Houses and Gardens," which we reviewed on 
p. 5, Jan. 4, might @uit you. 

"A claim for damages for personal injuries, brought 
at the County-court of Bury, Lams, ou Monday, 
by a joiner against Messrs. Mark Fletcher and Sons, 
Limited, bleachers, was dismissed oa the ground 
that the claimant was under the iuHueuce ox drmk 
at the time the accident happened. 



To the Editor of the Buildino Nkws. 

Si:;. — I was glad to be able to support Mr. 
Woodward's resolution at the Institute last 
Monday week on this subject, but was, indeed, 
disappointed at the milk-and-watery result ob- 
tained after the lengthy discussion of the matter. 

It now appears that the council of the Institute 
suggested to the L.C.C. that eight "selected 
architects" should go in for the _////«/ competition 
only. As our council's suggestion has been 
adopted by the L.C.C, it is, of course, most 
difficult to alter this arrangement : but this case 
only shows very strongly the under£:round methods 
of our council", for I believe until last Monday 
evening the general body of members knew nothing 
whatever about this rather unfair arrangement. 

If it is a public competition, then lyt every 
competitor enter and stand upon the same 
footing — without being bolstered up by the 

Again, it would be interesting to know how 
these eight gentlemen were ** selected." Did 
anyone connected with the R.I.B.A. send a list 
of members of council to the L.C.C. r For, in 
spite of the specious pleading of Mr. E. T. Hall, 
and his weak attempt to divert the attention of 
the meeting from the main point in discussion, 
the fact remains that no less than six out of the 
eight ''selected architects" (I like this phrase) 
are members of council, including the past- 
President — all London men too ; not a country 
member among them. 

This competition is to be open to all the world, 
and so surely, to be consistent, our council should 
have invited or suggested some eminent foreign 
architects, or, at least, some well-known provincial 
architects, from throughout the United Kingdom. 

The membei-s of our council have no authority, 
either by the charter or by-laws of the Institute, 
to interfere in any way with any pending com- 
petition. Their duty is to transact the business 
of the Institute, and to carefully protect the 
interests of all its members. Have they fulfilled 
such duties in this case!' — I am, &c., 


13 and 14. King-street, Cheapside, 
London, Jan. 10. 


Sru, — Referring to the letter of an anonymous 
correspondent in Lancashire, under the above 
heading, in your current issue, I venture to 
forward cuttings from the L'lrrrpool Ech-> and 
Luf-rpo"! T)ii\hi Ciiunfr bearing upon the matter, 
and speaking for themselves. 

In view of the objects and A-alue of the 
Registration system, as indicated from time to 
time in your own columns. I venture to call your 
attention to the accompanying papers. — I am, ^V:c., 
AVm. K. K. Coles, C'lerk. 
The Worshipful Company of Plumbers. 
1, Adelaide-buildings, I^ondon Bridge. 
London, E.C., Jan. I-'j. 

[The ** official reply" to what seems to have 
been a similar complaint to that we published on 
p, GO, by a correspondent of the I.'iVTpml Echo, 
appears in that journal uf Jan. 7. It would 
occupy a page. We reproduce the ])aragraph 
which deals with ithe specitic complaint of our 
correspondent, that there are unqualified plumbers 
on the list. We also give on page 91, column 2, 
aitti, a summary of a discussion on the complaint, 
which took place at the last meeting of the St. 
Helens Corporation. — Ed. '*B.X."] 


Your correspondent appears by his statement to have 
told the Water Onmraittee that plumbers are registered 
merely upon payment uf tees. This is altiiieihef untrue, 
as the eoinmittre were probubly aware, Jor tlie Health and 
Water authorities are genemlly conversant with the coudi- 
I tions of the National Registration of Phimbers— namely, 
th-it up to December, l!lOi>, it wa.s open to plumbers to 
'lualify by the production of indentures of apprentic3ship 
and tlie evidence of their experience to the satisfaction oi 
the reiiisterinv' comtniltees, c^miposed of an e lual number 
of master and operative plumbers and public authorities 
competent t'> judse impartially of the value of su-h docu- 
mentary evidence, and since that date that all applicants 
for reji-stration are required to undergo eximination in 
technicil kno^vledge ana workmanship. 

As your correspondent dilates upon the subject of the 
fees payable on registration, and appears to suggest that 
the payment of fees is the principal object, it should be 
noticed in this connection that the fees do not cover the 
cost of the eximination* and tfie carrying out of the 
registration systeiii, witJi its combined systems of training 
and examinations. Xu provide the deficit the company 

has expended, in addition to the whole of the fees received' 
from 'he plumbers registered, upwards of £37.000. It is, 
of course, essential that there should be funds available 
not only for carrying out the registration system, but also 
for providing for the cost of investigation and dealing with 
any complaints made against Registered Plumbers. 


Your correspondent further appears to have stated that 
the names of unqualified or deceased persons were to be 
found in the list of Reaistered I'lumbers. On this point 
the committee "were probably aware of the fact that if 
such cases really exist it must be by some irregularitv that 
could, and would, be dealt with immediately if the 
company's attention were called to it. The mere asser- 
tion of any irregularities, without proof, is, of course, 

In the introduction of the Pegistiation system it criuld 
not, of course, be expected that a general system should 
be set up for examining all plumbers then engaged in the 
trade, irrespective of their age or qualification, or that 
many of well-proved experience could be expected to 
submit to it if it were proposed. It has. therefore, been 
the desire and efi'ort of the company, and the various 
district councils acting with the company, to take all 
reasonable means of ascertaining the qualifications of the 
then existing practitioners and applying the registration 
system as fairly aa possible to all by accepting documen- 
tary and other evidence as far as possible from the older 
men, and avoiding undue stringency m the examination of 
others for the company's certificate. 



fl2'2l3.]— Sewers.— Hurst, in h^s Table of Velocities 
for Cylindrical Sewers, gives aTBoft. per second for a 

6in. pine laid to a fall of — ; but from his formula 
' - luo 

V = 145 yiTS - WJa S, where E and S represent 
thediamet.?rof pipe ^^^ _total laU respectively, I find 

4 total length 

the velocity to be 14- 1374ft. per sec. Will some of your 
readers kindly point out to me where my calculations are 
wrong .' I give them herewith in detail. 

antilog-. = '1'. 

log. -i 1761 


2.1 ^square root of '01.5- 

s).i + 1 nei 

1 + -asao 

248B (cube root of 'Olo) 


^ L'L'O 

= 140 y-Ulo - 11 V 015 

= (140 X -ISao) - (11 X • 24S6) 

= 1715 - 2-7128 = 141374. 


[12244.1— Fees. — I am the winner of a private com- 
petition for a building (now completed;, to cost a certain 
sum ; and one of the conditions was that a specific amount 
of commission only would be paid— viz., 5 per cent, on 
the stipulated eost.' The proprietors ordered additions to 
the amount of £400, and I wish to know if I am not 
entitled to be paid .^j per cent, commission on this, over 
and above the ligure originally stated .*— iNt.'fiRER. 

[12245.1— Fair Charges.— Should be glad to know 
what is the fail- charge for an architect to make to his 
clients for *' passing and examining building accounts." 
The architect executed building work under an annual, 
retaining fee. which ceased at a certain dat«, the accounts- 
being dealt with afterwards.— H. G. 

[12248.]— Roof.— I have a roof to construct, 35ft. span 
and 17ft. 6in. to wall-plate, and am anxious to dispense 
with tie-beam or rod in prmcipals. Walls aie 21in. thick 
with buttresses projecting an additional 18in. I should be 
glad to hear of such roof or suggestion of best con- 
struction.— BfiLOEB. 

[12247.1—011 Gas.— Would some reader kindly say 
where information could be had on the use and etticieney 
of oil gas from the lighter oils and spirits, such as, 
say petrol, for the purpose of lighting a country house, or 
if communication with any one might lead to information 
on the ^ubjeet .'— Col-ntrvm.\s. 

112-248.]- Deals. — Would some reader kindly suggest 
which of the deals, white or yellow, its port or brand 
would be best for internal and for external juinei-y of the 
cheapest and simplest kind ! The timber would be left 
rough practicallv from the saw, some would be painted, 
but'most only whitewashed, and perhaps a little stained 
as well. Knots, shrinkage, and hygrometric change 
would be what it wished to avoid, and desire for cheap- 
ness would discount strength and great Jurabihiy. Also. 
would it be possible to get broad planks. 12m. to ISm.wide, 
for dado linm^on above lines from stuff recommended .'— 


[12249.1— Day Works.— What is a fair profit to allow 
a builder on the prime cost of a small d^y-work repairing 
job .'— 1'rbcent.\<;e. 


Mr. D. A. Thomas, M.T. for Merthyr, performed, 
on FrMay, the opening ceremony at the new branch 
of the free library at Dowlais. 

The urban district council of St. Xeots, Hunt- 
ingdonshire, have decided to purchase for £S,7-50, 
the uudertaking and plant of the loc il waterworks 


18, 1907. 




AR-HiTE^T'sUxsrc-EssFrL Claim for Pkp.son'al 
INiITEies. — In the Westminster County Court on 
Friday the case of " Dear v. the London Road Car 
Company'* came before hia Honour .Tudge Wood- 
fall and a jury. It was a claim by Mr. John Cox 
Dear, architect and surveyor, of Wellington, Fleet, 
Hampshire, for damages for personal injuries sus- 
through the alleged negligence of one of the 
defendants' drivers. The plaintiff's case that 
he stepped from a passenger refuge in Oxford- 
circus, when he was violently coUided with and 
knocked down. He was informed afterwards that 
it was one of the defendants' cars, and he claimed 
damages for shock and injury to clothes. The 
defence wa* that the plaintiff ran light against the 
horses and fell over. He got up, declined to give 
his name and address, and went away. He refused 
to go to a hospital, and said he was not hurt. The 
jury found for the defendant, and judgment was 
given accordingly, with costs. 

Ix BE Jame.s Smith, Tollixotox Park.— An 
application fc r an order of discharge was made on 
Tuesday by Mr. James Smilh, public works con- 
tractor, of ToUington Park, London, and formerly 
of Cubrieshaw Hall. Ayr, X.B. The Official 
Eeceiver, Mr. E. S. Orey, reported that the 
receiving order was made on Aug. l.i, 1906, and 
the adjudication of bankruptcy on Oct. i, 190ij. 
The admitted proofs amounted to £S),02S 133. 4d., 
and he estimated the assets at i'.3,6t)l 4s. .id. A 
dividend of 4s. 6d. in the pound had been paid, 
and a further dividend of :!s. in the pound would 
probably be declared. The bankrupt had stated 
that in or about IS'.U he began to trade as a railway 
and public works contractor in Glasgow, with a 
capital of from I' 100 to £500. He was at first 
successful, and. with tbe aid of accumulated capital, 
purchased a site and built a house at Cubrieshaw, 
at a total cost of £10,000. In March, 190), he 
contracted for the construction of the Stroud (Jreen 
and Homsey Rise relief sewer; and he attributed 
his failure to bss in connection with this contract, 
occasioned largely by the bursting of an old sewer, 
and to depreciation in the value of his estate at 
Cubrieshaw. In conclusion, the Official Receiver 
reporte:! that the bankrupt's assets were not equal 
to IOj. in the pound on the amount of the unsecured 
liabilities. Mr. Robinson submitted thatthe deficiency 
was brought about by circumstauces for which the 
bankrupt wai not responsible. Mr. Registrar Link- 
later granted the di-charge subject to the bankrupt's 
consenting to judgment for £2-"). 

The Man- who is his O'.v.v .\e-hite t is a . 

—Judge Mo5s had a building dispute before him on 
Thursday in last week at Chester Ciunty Court, 
which led him to c^mmint on the folly of a man 
being his own architect. Mr. H. L. Riley, barrister, 
appeared for plaintiff. Frank Pemberton, builder, 
n lUiDgton, and Mr. Churton for the defendant, 
Samuel Gamer, Clotton. The claim was for a 
balance of tW alleged to be due on a contract 
entered into in May last for the erection of a house 
for defendant in Hoofield-lane, Clotton, for £^70 
Defendant was dissatisfied with the duality of some 
portions of the work done : hence the ■dispute culmi- 
nating in the present action. His Honour said the 
parties on entering into the contract met, and did a 
very foohsh tbing which a good many people did- 
to save a pound or two they thought they would 
arrange their own contract, draw their own plans 
and make their own specifications, and he was afraid 
It would cist them very much more than if they had 
gone to a proper architect. His Honour gave 
judgment for plaintiff in the sum of £10. 

^ -^'7.'.°-"'."^„ ■'^ Bl-ILDEE AN-D BRICKLAYER. -In 

the King s Bench Division of the High Court on 
Iridav, Mr. Justice Walton had bsfore him the case 
of Chapman v. Basley," which was an action by 
the plaintiff, who is a bricklayer and builder of 
Leicester, against Mr. John H-^nry Basley, a land- 
owner, for balance of money alleged to be due on a 
contract. It appeared that in March, 1903, the 
plaintiff entered into a contract with the defendant 
7*0 J5n® ^^'^''O" of a number of shops for a sum of 
£3,990 the conditions of the contract being that the 
plaintiff was to be under the control of defendant's 
architect, Mr. John Goodacre, of Leicester, who had 
power to miko alterations in the plans. Certain 
alterations and additions were made which plaintiff 
said were_ complied with, but he alleged that a 

pertiuacit}', had been raised and continued merely 
for the purpose of delay, but had been ultimately 
abandoned. The matter in dispute really turned 
upon a sum which had been paid to the architect by 
the defendant, but which had been converted by 
the architect to his own use. The work which was 
the subject of the contract was practically com- 
pleted at the end of 1903, only a few items standing 
over till the early part of 1904. The action was 
commenced in October, 190.1 ; but the defendants 
did not succeed in getting the defence put in till 
the following March, and now in January, 1907, 
the action was still pending, and the plaintiff was 
being kept out of his money for work done in 1903. 
He understood the defendant was going to take 
the case to the Court of Appeal, and perhaps to 
the House of Lords. He strongly urged that the 
plaintiff should now have judgment entered for 
him. Mr. Dodd denied that particulars had been 
demanded for the purpose of delay. It was neces- 
sary for the satisfaction of the defendant that those 
particulars should be given. He had handed over 
to the architect a large sum of money, and naturally 
he did not want to pay for the same work twice 
over. The architect had attempted to commit 
suicide, and had been removed to a lunatic 
asylum, and in this case the plaintiff looked to 
the architect for his money, and gave him hi.s 
receipts. Moreover, the work had not been really 
done by the plaintiff, but by other persons. Of £46o 
alleged to be due, only £l2-i was claimed by the 
plaintiff, the remainder being alleged to be due to 
other tradesmen in various sums. — Mr. .Justice 
Walton: No doubt a gieat deal of work was done 
not by the plaintiff', but by other people. — Mr. 
McCardy : Yes, by subcontractors, to whom the 
plaintiff IS liable. Mr. Dodd denied the allegation 
that plaintiff was liable to those other persons. He 
had admitted that he made no contract with them. 
— Mr. Justice Walton : I think this money ought to 
be paid, but upon the understanding that the 
defendant shouli have a discharge from the pther 
persons to whom certain portions of the money was 
due, so that the defendant should be protected from 
■any claims by any of the tradesmen who were said 
to have actually done the work. Mr. McCardy said 
he was prepared to give that discharge. Mr. Dodd 
stated he was prepared to bring the money into court 
upon a guarantee that it should be paid back if he 
succeeded on appeal. Sime further discussion having 
taken place, his lordship entered judgment for the 
plaintiff for £4').i los. 9d. His lordship ordered 
that the question of costs, a stay of e.xecution, and 
the form of the guarantee to be given to the 
defendant should stand over till Monday week. 

Is A Portaele Theatre a Bcildino r— .\t the 
Chancery Ciurt of Lancashire, on Friday, at St. 
George's Hall, Liverpool, before Vice-Chancellor 
Leigh Clare, Mr. Courthope Wilson, in the case 
Xewall V. Ormskirk D.strict Council, moved for a 
CDntinuation, until the trial of the action, of an 
injunction granted by the Vice-Chancellor's deputy, 
restraining the defendant council from pulling down 
plaintiff's portable wooden theatre, situated in a 
field at Ormskirk. The question was, counsel said, 
whether or not the theatre was a building within 
the meaning of the Public Health Act. Mr. Ruther- 
ford, who was for the defendant council, said there 
was risk of fire by reason of the theatre Ijeing lighted 
by thirty or forty nakel lights, and warmed, if at 
all, by open braziers. There was also a complete 
absence of sanitation. Mr. Wdson said the magis- 
trates who had inspected the theatre had licensed it 
for three months. This was really a test case. 
Funds were being subscribed by the theatrical pro- 
fession, and they wanted to deal with the matter 
carefully and deliberately. The Vice-Chancellor 
fixed the hearing of the trial for Friday, the 'J.Sth 
iiist., and arrauged to go and see the theatre in the 
meantime. The injunction was not continued ; but 
the defendant council gave an undertaking not to 
interfere with the building pending the trial. 

G. C. Hems ami the Bailiff.— A case which 
seemed to be a revival of lively procee lings, enacted 
just nineteen years ago, came on at Exeter Police- 
court on Tuesday morning. In September, 18SS, 
Mr. Harry Hems, of Ye Luckie Horse Shoe, Long- 
brook-street, resisted what he considered an unfair 
imposition of income-tax. Bailiffs were put in 
possession, and the matter came to a sale by 
auction. In the studio a select company of 

saints,'' "angels," " martyrs," and other figures 

was the son of Mr. Harry Hems, proprietor 
of that business. The latter's private house 
adjoined the works. Mr. Harry Hems had been 
assessed for a considerable number of years in re- 
spect of income-tax, but there had been difficulties 
in the way of the commissioners from time to timo 
ill getting payment. On the accounts for 190.5 the 
parties failed to come to any agreement, and finally 
the matter came before the general commissioners on 
<.)ctober 24, 190G, when the defendant himself ap- 
peared before them on behalf of his father. Mr. 
Hems was again before the commissioners on a 
later date. As to the offence alleged against 
defendant, Mr. Belcher, collector of taxes, having 
previously sent on several occasions to Mr. Harry 
Hems for payment, went on November 29 last to 
his private house, accompanied by a bailiff', a final 
notice having previously been forwarded. Seeing 
that defendant was very excited, Mr. Belcher 
decided to allow himself to be pushed out by 
defendant, and this took place. The Bench, after 
hearing evidence on both sides, the defence being 
that no actual force was employed, fined defendant 
£10, with two guineas costs. 

The Ratinii of Art Schools. -At Bow-street, 
on Wednesday, the question as to whether art 
schools should be rated was raised before Mr. 
Marsham in a summons against the Royal Female 
School of Art, (iueen-square, Bloomsbury, for the 
non-payment of local rates amounting to £48 19s. 2d. 
Mr. Walford, town clerk of Holbom, represented 
the Holborn Borough l.'ouncil ; Mr. Scott appeared 
for the defendants, and explained that the school, 
which was established m 1842, was in due course 
granted a certificate showing that it ought to be 
exempted from rates as a society carried on exclusively 
for the purpose of promoting science and fine arts. 
Ill 1S99 the local authority took out a summons 
against the defendants for rates, but it was with- 
drawn, and no rates had been demanded until quite 
recently. Mr. Walford remarked that the certificate 
did not iu itself grant exemption. Mr. Scott said 
the matter must be dealt with by an appeal to 
quarter sessions, and he wanted the case adjourned 
for that purpose. Mr. Walford asked for an order 
forthwith, and said that, if the defendants were 
successful in their appeal, the money would be 
returned to them. The magistrate said it was quite 
clear that, as the defendants were on the rate-book, 
he had no power to go into the question. He 
adjourned the summons for a fortnight, Mr. Scott 
intimating that the delendants would appeal. 

balance of £4 ,.3 Lis. iid. was due upon the contract ( of less exalted character were'offered up as sacrifices 
r,?f^ .7'^ defendant had refused to pay. Plaintiff i to the demands of the Inland Revenue Authorities. 
,n^„„^? tI'V^j'". J alternative asked for an Several kings and saints were on that occasion sold 
account. Defendant denied that the work alleged ] at absurdly low prices, and a life-sized model of 

' .St. Matthew, the Tax Gatherer," went for 3s. 6d. 

had been done, and alternatively that if the 
work was done it had been paid for. Mr C A 
Mc( irdy appeared for the plaintiff and Mr. F Todd 
for the defendant. Mr. McCardy said the case 
had been tned before hs Lirdshioat Leicester, when 
the issues were practically dec did in favour of the 
plaintiff but in consequence of sDme points raised 
by the detendaat. hLs Lirdship reserved judfment 
S °Ar ' i^'i ^^ ™'S'>' '"=*'• further arguments. 
Ha (Mr. McCardy) submitted that the question of 
quantum, in regard to which particulars had been 
cuuatel ' 

The defendant in the present case was Mr. GreviUe 
Hems, one of the junior partners of the firm, who 
was summoned for obstructing, molesting, and 
hindering David Belcher in the execution of his 
duty. Mr. Shaw, solicitor, of Somerset House, 
represanted the Inland Revenue Authority, and Mr. 
Tarbet appeared on behalf of the defendant, who 
pleaded not guilty. Mr. Shaw pointed oat that 
defendant, if convicted, had rendered himself liable 
to a fine of £100. Mr. Hems was a sculptor. 

upoa yu iiaiaolf of defeodaQt with great I carrying on buuneas iu L:>ngbrook-street, and 

A meeting was held on Friday at Shrewsbury to 
appeal for lunds for the restoration of the Abbey 
Church, Shrewsbury, founded by Roger de Mont- 
gomery. The principal weakness is in the tower, 
which IS threatened with ruin. £t,000 is required 
to make the structure safe, and £1,000 has been 
subscribed towards it. The church will probably 
become the cathedral of the proposed Bishopric of 

ilr. Emerson Brooke, who has held the appoint- 
ment since 1901, has resigned the office of city sur- 
veyor and sanitary engineer to the corporation of 
Lichfield, and is leaving next month. The salary is 
£'200 per annum, and there are 214 applicants for 
the post. 

The special committee appointed by the t'nited 
Grand Lodge of England to consider the question of 
the leasing of Freemasons' Tavern has held a number 
of meetings, and it is understood that the oppor- 
tunity of acquiring a GO-years' lease will shortly be 
offered to public competition. The committee 
includes the following experts:— Mr. Edwin Fox 
(Messrs. Edwin Fox and Bousfield) ; Mr. James 
Boyton, past president of the Auctioneers' Institute 
and of the Estate Agents' Institute ^Messrs. Elliott, 
Son, and Boyton) ; Mr. Alexander Stenning, 
F.R.I.B.A., member of the council of the Surveyors' 
Institution (Messrs. Stenning and Partners) ; Sir 
Walter Johnson, president of the Association of 
Valuers of Licensed Property (Messrs. J. and W. 
Johnson and Co.) : Mr. H. L. Florence, and Mr. 
Henry Lovegrove, F.R.I.B.A. 

At Monday's meeting of Walsall Town Conned a 
proposal was made by the general purposes com- 
mittee to let the old free library building to the 
education committee at £120 per annum for use as 
an art srhooi : but a letter was lead from the educa- 
tion committee, stating that they considered the 
charge excessive, and that although anew art school 
was urgently required, they would decline to pay a 
higher rent than £10) per annum. Mr. Thomas 
(chairman of the education committee), proposed as 
an amendment that the rent be reduced to £100, 
and this was, after some discussion, carried. 

C-ommander G. C. Frederick, R.X.. has held an 
inquiry on behalf of the Board of Trade, at the 
Osborne School, Sea View, Isle of Wight, into the 
apphcation of the St. Helen's Distnct Council for 
sanction to construct a causeway of stone in Sea 
Grove Bay of G12ft, from a point about 100ft. south 
of the pier. Strenuous opposition wa.-* raised to the 



Jan. 18, 1907. 

(©ut <Bf&tt €uhk. 

Isri'ORTANT changes have just been made in 
connection with the administrative work of the 
Itoyal Scottish Academy. Mr. George Hay, 
U.S.A., who for twenty-five years has filled the 
position of secretary, and Mr. John Hutchison, 
R.S.A., who for twenty years has been treasurer, 
have resigned these ofKces. The vacancies 
thus caused have been filled by the election of 
Mr. W.D.M'Kay, U.S.A., awell-knownlandscape 
painter, as secretary, and Mr. Hippolyt* J. Blanc, 
.I.P., R.S.A., F.R.I.B.A., as treasurer. Mr. 
Blanc, though of French parentage, was bom in 
Edinburgh. He was a pupil of the late David 
Rhind, architect, and for two years before 
engaging in the practice of his profession on his 
own account was chief assistant in the office of 
H.M. Board of Works. He was elected an 
Associate of the Scottish Academy in 1892 and 
Academician in 1.S9G. Mr. Blanc has been several 
times elected president of the Edinburgh Archi- 
tectual Association, he has been vice-president of 
the Scottish Society of Arts, and president of the 
Edinburgh Photographic Society. Among other 
public buildings he has designed and erected are 
the Thomas Coats Memorial Church, Paisley ; 
St. Cuthbert's Church, Edinburgh; the Edin- 
burgh Village Asylum. Bangour ; and he was the 
architect of extensi\'e restorations, including that 
of the ( >ld Parliament Hall, at Edinburgh Castle. 
He is the author of numerous published articles 
on architectural and archteological subjects. 

The golden jubilee of the American Institute of 
Architects closed with a bamiuet on Wednesday 
evening last week at Washington. Mr. 1 lay, the 
president, proposed the health of King Kdward. 
Mr. Root, Secretary of State, in reply, paid a high 
tribute to the King. Mr. Day read a letter from 
Lord Knollys addressed to Sir Mortimer Durand, 
the late British Ambassador at Washington, 
stating that Sir Aston Webb had left for 
Washington to receive the medal awarded to 
him by the Institute. Lord Knollys continued : — 
'•The King will be glad if you will have the 
goodness to explain to the president of the institute 
His Majesty's satisfaction at having their first 
medal presented to an Englishman of such pro- 
fessional repute as Sir Aston Webb. The King 
will be glad if you will add that he wishes the 
Institute every success. ' " A letter was also read 
from President Roosevelt, who said he regretted 
he was unable to be present. He. however, 
wished to extend his hearty congratulations and 
best wishes to the distinguished recipient of the 
medal. Toasts were duly honoured, the band 
playing "(iod s.ave the King" and '-Star- 
spangled Banner."' 

When lecturing before the Blenheim Club in 
St. James-square on Thursday last on the sub- 
ject of •' The Buildings of the Cistercian Urder," 
Mr. Ci. H. Bothamlcy made a vigorous attack 
upon Sir Gilbert Scott's theory that the pointed 
arch was introduced into Western Europe in order 
to overcome difficulties of cross-vaulting, showing 
by metins of a series of extremely beautiful lan- 
tern-slides that it was first used in the Cistercian 
Abbeys, as at Buildwas, as ■■arly as 113'_' a.h., in 
conjunction with pure Early Norman masonry. 
Its occuiTence in these instances is not in the 
v<aulting, but in nave arcades of extremely simple 
character, the large arches being pointed, while 
all the smaller arches of the same buildings were 
semicircular-headed. In most instances the soffits 
were broad and perfectly plain, the arches them- 
selves consisting of two reuessed wings only, 
absolutely unmoidded. He also drew attention 
to the fact that on? of the rules of the Cistercians 
insisted upon was tlie use of the square-ended 
chancel, and ascribed to that, to a large extent, 
its extensive use in England, where the Cistercian 
Order was extremely prominent. 

Mu. J. S. Daw (chief general inspector .and 
assist;int secretary of the I.,ocal (Government 
Hoard'] in his evidence on Jlonday before the 
Royal Commission on the care and control of the 
feeble-minded, was scarcely fair to members of 
the architectural profession. Dealing with build- 
ing expenditure generally, he said that the system 
of paying architects a .; per cent, commission on 
expenditure was radically wrong. It was a 
strong inducement to them to use the best of 
everything. In Sussex he asserted that it had 
been proposed to build accommodation for cattle 
and pigs at a Iprice working out at £.50 a pig. It 
was also suggested that there .should be a separate 
mortuary for males and females. He thought it 

was the architect who suggested separating the 
sexes after death. People were better off in the 
asylums in many instances than tliey had been all 
their lives before, and why they should be given 
theatres, and entertainments, and tennis-courts, 
and su on, he could not understand. 

The Corporation of the City of London have 
rccentlv been considering the question of the fire 
insurance of the public and other buildings under 
their control. In 18'J!i they reananged and 
schedided their fire insurance risk, obtaining 
considerable concessions from the insm'anee com- 
panies with regard to rates of insurance. The 
whole insurance was then equally divided among 
'24 insurance offices, some of which have since 
been amalgamated. The proposal now is to dis- 
tribute the insurances among the same companies, 
the list being reduced as amalgamations take 
place from time to time until the total number of 
companies represented is not less than 12. The 
City Lands Committee suggests that it should be 
given discretionary powers to allocate the risk to 
the participating companies as they may deem 
expedient, the Sun Fire ( Iffice to be the leading 
office on the risk. 

At their last meeting the city council of Dublin 
were recommended to accept the tender of a local 
firm of contractors to construct a system of main 
drainage at Clontarf, which is to be in conjunction 
with the city system. The price was £47,,i93. 
It was admitted that an English firm had tendered 
for the work at a price £1.200 below that of the 
local firm. Jlr. Vance forcibly pointed out the 
illegality of this procedure, and threatened that 
he should call the auditor's attention to it at the 
proper time. The Lord Mayor explained that the 
improvement committee had considered the whole 
question, and that they believed they were doing 
the best for the city bv accepting the tender of 
the Dublin firm. Mr. \'ance spared not the 
feelings of the committee, and applied the epithets 
' ' robbery " and ■ ' Tammany ' " very freely all 
roimd. The Lord Mayor protested against the 
use of such language, and asked the council to 
protect him from insult, and finally the recom- 
mendation of the committee to accept the higher 
tender was confirmed. 

A SPECIAL committee of the Manchester City 
Council has instructed the city suiveyor to pre- 
pare a scheme for the ventilation of a suitable 
area in the city by means of the tramway poles, 
or pipes placed at the gable ends of buildings or 
other suitable places. The city surveyor is also 
negotiating with Professor Delepine and the 
Manchester ITniversity authorities, with a view to 
experiments beingconducted by Professor Delepine 
for the purpose of ascertaining the infiuence of 
sewer gas upon health. He will report to the 
committee before any further action is taken. The 
city surveyor states that the tramway standards 
which have been used as ventilators in the 
southern district of the city, on the line of Oxford- 
road and Wilmslow-road, have had the effect of 
removing the smell which formerly emanted from 
the sewer ventilators at the roadway level, and 
which gave rise to much complaint before the 
tramway standards were utilised. 

The terrible fire at Messrs. Lockhart's building 
works and factory at New Barnet on Wednesday 
week, alluded to in our last issue, unfortunately 
involved the loss of lives of three young em- 
ployees. The names were William Smith, aged 
20, of Moray-road, Finsbury Park : Thomas E. 
Wildgoose, aged 17. of West Beach-road, Wood- 
green ; and Edw.ard .T. Lyons, aged 17, of Dun- 
combe-road, HoUoway. An intiuest was held on 
Friday, when John Fallowfield, the foreman, 
gave details of the premises, and stated that there 
was a strict rule against smoking, which he had 
never known infringed. The chips of wood had 
all been cleared away, and there was no naked 
lights allowed. The witness said he could not 
form the remotest idea of the cause of the fire. 
Jlr. Stanley Yarrow, the engineer at the works, 
was equally unable to give any idea as to the 
cause. A verdict of accidental death was 

ExcAVATIox^ HOW being conducted on a site 
in the centre of ^Manchester by the local branch 
of the Classical Association have already yielded 
results of more than local importance. The plot 
of land in question, which lies within half a mile 
of the Central Station and is bounded on the 
south by the curve of the JIanchester South 
,1 unction l\ailway, has never been occuiiied by 
any buildings since times : and it was the 
information that this area had been let for 

building purposes that led the excavation com- 
mittee to take immediate action. The hon, 
secretary, Mr. F. A. Bruton, M.A., of the 
Manchester Grammar School, has conducted the 
work, aided by the advice of Mr. John Henry 
Hopkinson, ji.A., lecturer in Arch;eology in 
the University of Manchester. Observers like 
Whittaker in 1771 and Corbett in 1849, when 
some scanty traces of the Roman fortifications 
could still be traced among the moulds and 
hollows of a waste grassy meadow, had placed the 
western wall of the Roman camp of Jlancunium 
at varying distances from Doke-street. which 
bounds the site on the east ; and the present 
search was directed in the first instance to 
locating this rampart precisely. The stone 
remains uncovered by Jlr. Bruton. about 4ft. 
below the present surface, proved to be those of 
a building at least 14ft. wide. On this were 
found well-preserved portions of a beautiful 
Samianvase from Lezoiix (l:i0-200 a.u.) Another 
set of foimdations 10ft. fm-ther west proved to be 
not the wall, but the base of another building. 
Pushing some 20ft, fui-ther west there was un- 
covered the base of a rampart, a breadth of some 
Oft, of Roman concrete about 2jft, deep imposed 
on the characteristic stratum of boulder stones 
embedded in puddled clay, about IXin. deep ; 
beneath that about a foot of solid clay spread 
over the natural gravel. A large number of 
squared blocks of sandstone, taken from the waU. 
had been found a little above the concrete, though 
not i/i sitK. Just inside the rampart, in the sand 
and gravel which represent the Roman surface, 
were found two coins— one of the ill-fated Geta 
211-212 A, D.I, the other of his mother, Julia 
Donna, the wife of Septimius Severus 193-211 
ij.) The discovery exactly confirms Whittaker's 
measurements. Among ether finds were a perfect 
grindstone and several well-worn floor tiles. It 
IS clear that Mancunium was a camp containing 
rows of permanent stone buildings. 

The original Arundel drawings, from which the 
well-known reproductions of the old master* 
issued by the Arundel Society were made, have 
recently been rearranged in the basement of the 
National Gallery in Trafalgar-square. The draw- 
ings now hang in rooms adjacent to those which 
they formerly occupied in the National Gallery^ 
and are divided into their separate schools and 
arranged in historical order. They thus constitute 
a valuable historical summary of the Florentine. 
Sienesse, Umbrian, and Venetian schools of paint- 
ing. In addition to the Arundel drawings formerly 
on exhibition at the National (iallery, there are 
about a dozen exceptionally fine drawings which 
have been transferred on loan from the education 
department of the Victoria and Albert Museum 
at South Kensington to complete the collection. 
The Savile oil copies of the works of A'elasquez in 
the Prado, JIadrid, which filled one of the rooms, 
now o<;cupied by some of the Arundel drawings, 
have been rearranged in chronological order in 
the hall idjacent to the Turner water-colour 
drawings. It is understood that the valuable old 
masters^recently bequeathed to the nation by Miss 
Lucy Cohen will shortly be exhibited in the 

Anothek chapter in the history of the West- 
minster Chambers i-ase at Boston. Mass., closed 
last week, when the second trial, in the U,S. 
Superior Court, to determine the amount of the 
damages which the city of Boston must pay the 
owners of the building, btcause the State had 
passed a law depriving them of their right of 
pi-operty in the circumambient air above a fixed 
height,' resulted in a verdict more favourable to 
the citv than wtis the fii-st one. The sum now 
awarded bv this second verdict (:i40,336-99dol.) 
is less by 141,033-49dol, than awarded at 
the first trial. The plaintiffs were willing to 
accept the first award, but it ia doubtful whether 
they will accept the second one, and the case in a 
new form may once more be brought before the 
Supreme Court of the United States, 

Works of sewerage are being carried out at 
Countisbury, near Lynton, for the Barnstaple Rural 
District Council, The contractor is Mr, Parkins,, 
and the work is being executed under the direction 
of Mr, Arnold Thorne, the council's surveyor. 

The Hall of Records in New York, of which' 
Messrs.- Horgan and Slattery are the architects, was 
opened for public use a fortnight since. 

The town council of Conway have decided to 
apply to the Local Government Board for sanction 
to borrow ii.nW for the purpose of works to prevent 
the erosion of the Morfa, from plans by the borough 

Jax. 18, 1907. 




Friday (To-dav).— Society of Architects. Smokinsr Cnn- 
cert* Great Eastern Hotel, Liverpool- 
street. E.G. 8 p.m. 

Institution of Mechani'^al Engineers. 
Adjourned discussion nn " The Liarhtini; 
of liailway Premises'" ; Report on "The 
Properties of the Alloys of Aluminium 
and Copper." by Prof. H. C. H. Carpenter, 
M.A., and Mr. C. A. Edwards. 8 p.m. 

Birmingrham Architectural Association. 
*' Farmhouses and Cotta<?es." by H. P. G. 
Maule. F.R.I.B.A., of London. 

Monday.— Royal Institute of British Architects. 
*• Marbles and their Application," by Sir 
L. Alma-Tadema and WiUiam Brindley. 
8 p.m. 

Society of Art*:. *' Gold Minin^r." 
Cantor Lecture No. 1, by Prof. J. W. 
Gregory, DSc. 8 p.m. 

Liverpool Architectural Society. Dis- 
play of Lantern Slides and I>i.':cussion. 

Ti FsDAY.— Institution of Civil Engineers. " Internal- 
Comibustion Engines for ilarine Pur- 
poses,'' by James Tayler Milton. 
M.Inst.C.E. s p.m. 

Architectural Association of Ireland. 
" An Egyptian Temple and its Builders," 
by L. E. Steele, B.E.. F.R.I.B.A. 8 pm. 

Wednesday. — Society of Arts. "The Isthmus of 
Panama," by Philippe Bunau-A'arilla, 
formerly Chief Engineer of the Panama 
Canal Co. 8 p.m. 

-Vrchitectural Association. Discussion 
Section. "Water Supplv," by A. H. 
Kolfe. 7..30 p.m. 

Edinburgh Architectural Association. 
" Notes on a Tour in Greece." by Ramsay 
Traquair.A.R.LB.A. 8 pm. 

Thursday. — Eastern Counties Federation Master Builders. 
C4>uncil Meeting at 31 and 32, Bedford- 
street, Strand. W.C. 2.30 p.m. 

Society of Arts. " The Bhils of Western 
India," by Captain E. Barnes. 4.30 p.m. 

Friday (Jas. 25).— Southern Counties Federation Master 
Builders. Council Meetina- at 31 and 32. 
Bedford-street. Strand. W.C. 12.0 noon. 

Architectural Association. '* American 
and European School Architecture," by 
R. Clipston Sturgis. 7.30 p.m. 

Glasgow Architectural Craftsmen's 
Society. Addres-s by F. H. Newbery. 

Institution of Civil Engineers. "Alter- 
nating-Current Commutator Motors," by 
C. A. Ablett. Stud.Inst.C.E. 8 p.m. 

FRIDAY. JAXr\KY It^iti. F.i-lit }..m. SMUKIXG CONCERT. 
Norfnik Hoom, GhmI Eastern Hulel. EC. 

Tlie I'rrsi(li.-nt h<i)>es tu see many Members and Students :ind their 
trirnds. Mornin? dress. 

IN Tiift..n -s!r^', Wr-tminstiT, S.W.. at 7.3ti n-m- PAPER I.. Mr, 
K. (LII'S"J\>N STl KGlS. entitled -Generul Tendenrie'i of M.Kiern 
'«r^ ,'*f5*""' I>esi»n iQ Vmehra, aad-\mrrigan and European Scli.nil 

^.id^K^JiX,^^^^*- ^l^'^ON[) SPRING VISlT-tn the INITEO 
TLTIOX Bl'ILDING. OfposheSt, CUment Danes Church, Str»mi. 
t»y kind [H-nn.ssmn ..f thr Arrhiteet, Mr. Henrv T. Hare. .Mcmher^ 
tv meet at Ihr huiiilins at l.ijit |. m. 

A visit will aflerw.irds be piiid to the new *• Mornins Pust " Buihl- 
ins. Aldwyrh, by kind i>erTni«>iun of the Arehiteots, Messrs. Mewt-s 
■inu Uati-. 


Hon, Se.s. 



Per ton. Per ton. 

KoUed-Iron Joists. Belgian £5 10 to £5 15 

Rolled-St^elJ<.'ist-^. 7 5 0,, 7 15 

Wrought-Iron Oirdt^r Plates 7 0,, 750 

Bar Iron, good Staffs 6 5 0,, 8 10 

Do., Lowmoor, Flat, Round, or 

Square 20 „ 20 

Do., Welsh 5 15 „ 5 17 

Bbiler Plates, Iron — 

South Staffs 8 0,, 8 15 

Best Snedshill .' 9 0,, 9 10 

Angles 10s., Tees 20s. per ton extra. 

Boilders' Hoop Iron, for bonding, Jec. £8 153. to £!>. 

Builders' Hoop Iron, galvanis-.d, £U to £1.5 10s. per ton. 
Galvanised Corrugated Sheet Iron— 

No. 18 to 20. No. 22 to 24 . 

tit. to 8ft. long, inclusive Per ton. Per ton 

,„Kauge £13 10 ... £U 

Bestditto 11 ... 14 10 

Wire Nails (Points de Paris) — 

6 to 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 11 15 B.W G 
9/- 9/6 10-10/6 10/9 11/6 123 13- H- per cwt. 

„ . _ „ , Per ton. Per ton. 

Cast-iron Columns £6 10 to £8 10 

Cast-iron Stanchions 6 10 „ 8 10 

Rolled-Iron Fencing Wipe ^50,, ^ In o 

RoUed-Steel Fencing Wire 7 5 0,, 7 10 

I. J, „ Galvanised. 9 0,, 9 10 

Cast-iron fiash Weights 4 17 „ 4 17 o 

Cut Floor Brads 10 10 „ 10 10 

Corrugated Iron, 24 gauge 15 .5 o „ 

Tin per cwt. 11 „ 

Cut Nails (per cwt. basis, ordinary 
brand) n :i ,, 

Cast-iron Rocket Pipes- 
Sin, diameter £5 17 6 to £J 2 6 

'™.to6in 5 15 u „ 6 

7in. to 24in. (all ai«ea) S 2 6 „. 5 15-0 

[Coated with composition, .5s. Oil. per ton extra ; turned 
and bored joints, 5s. Od. per ton extra.] 

Pig Iron — Per ton. 

Cold Blast, Lilleshall 110s. Od. to 117s. 6d 

Hot Blast, ditto 70s. Od. „ 7.5s. Od 

Wrought-Iron Tubes and Fittings — Discount off Standard 
Lists f .o.b (plus 5 per cent.) : — 

Gas-Tubes 67|p.o. 

Water-Tubes 621 „ 

Steam-Tubes 67i „ 

Galvanised Gas-Tubes 55 „ 

Galvanised Water-Tubes 50 ,, 

Galvanised Steam-Tubes 45 ,, 


lOcwt. casks. 5cwt. casks. 

Per ton. Per ton. 

Spelter, Silesian £23 to £23 10 

Lead Water Pipe, Town 23 10 „ — 

„ „ „ Country 24 5 ,, — 

Lead Barrel Pipe, Town 24 il „ — 

„ „ „ Country 24 15 „ — 

Lead Pipe, Tinned inside. Town 25 ,, — 

„ „ „ ,, Country 25 15 „ — 
Lead Pipe, Tinned inside and 

outside Town 26 10 „ — 

„ „ „ „ Country 27 5 „ — 

Composi tion Gas-pipe, Town 25 10 „ — 

Country.. 26 5 „ — 
Lead Soil-pipe (5in. and 6in. 

extra) Town 25 10 „ — 

„ „ „ ,, Coimtry 26 5 „ — 

Lead Shot, in 281b. bags 15 „ 15 5 

Copper Sheets, sheathing and rods 124 0,, 124 10 

Copper, British Cake and Ingot... 113 „ 114 

Tin, Straits 188 15 „ 18<l 5 

Do., English Ingots 190 „ 190 1) 

Pig Lead 21 5 „ — 

Sheet Lead, Town 23 „ — 

„ „ Country 2.3 15 „ — 

Genuine White Lead 26 15 „ — 

Refined Red Lead 24 15 „ — 

Sheet Zinc 35 „ — 

Old Lead, against account 19 GO,, — 


Teak, Burmah per load £9 to £19 IQ, 

„ Bangkok ... s 15 „ 17 10 

Quebec Pine, yellow per load 3 10 ,, 6 5 

„ Oak , ... 5 10 „ 9 5 

„ Birch 2 10 „ 5 

„ Ehn „ ... 4 2 6 „ 9 

„ Ash ,...450,, 700 

Dantsic and Memel Oak 3 10 „ 7 

Fir , ... 3 12 H „ 5 

Wainscot, Riga p. log 2 5 0,, 5 lo 

Dith, Dantsic. p. f 4 0,, 600 

St. Petersburg 4 0,, 600 

Deals, per St. Petersburg Standard, 120— 12tt. by IJin. 
by llin. : — 

Quebec, Pine. 1st £22 to £35 5 

2nd 18 „ 23 15 

3rd 11 10 „ 14 5 

Canada Spruce. 1st 11 5 „ 16 

„ 2nd and 3rd 9 5 0,, 11 

New Brunswick 8 10 „ 10 

Riga 7 15 „ 9 

St. Petersburg 8 0,, 17 

Swedish 7 15 ,, 20 5 

Finland 8 10 „ 9 

WhiteSea 10 8 „ 20 5 

Battens, all sorts 6 0,, 13 5 

Flooring Boards, per square of lin. : — 

Istprepared £0 14 6 to £0 17 8 

2nd ditto 13 „ 14 3 

Other qualities 5 „ 13 

Staves, per standard M ; — 

U.S., pipe £37 10 to £45 

Memel, cr. pipe 220 ,, 230 

Memel, brack 190 „ 200 


Bl-ildi.vo Wo<»d. At per standard. 

Deals: Sin. by llin. and 4in. by £ s. d. £ s. d 

9in. and llin. 13 10 to 15 

Deals: 3 by 9 13 „ 14 

Battens : 2Mn. by 7in. and 8in., 

and 3ia. by 7in. and sin 11 ,, 12 

Battens: 2J by 6 and 3 by 6 10 lcs.s than 

7in. k Sin. 

Deals: seconds 10 lessthanbest 

Battens: seconds 10 ., ., 

2in. by Jin. and 2in. by6in 9 to 10 

■2in. b'y4Sin. snd 2in. by .5in. ... 8 10 „ 9 10 
ioreign Savrti Boards — 

lin. and l|in. by 7in 10 more than 


Jin 10 

Fir nmber:- best middling- Danzig .-Vt per load of 50ft. 

or Mtmel 4 10 to 5 

Seconds 4 „ 4 10 

Small timber 8in to lOin.. 3 12 6 ., 3 15 

Small timber 6in. toSin.i 3 „ 3 10 

Swedish balks 2 10 „ 3 

Pitch-pine timber Soft, average 4 ,. 4 15 

Joiserjs* Wood. 

White Sea : first yellow deals, .-\.t per standard. 

3in. by llin. ...; 24 to 25 

Sin. by 9in 22 ., '23 

Battens, 2Jin. and Sin. by 7in. 16 10 ., 18 

Second yellow deals. Sin. by lin. .. 18 10 „ 20 

3inby9in. . 17 10 ,, 19 n 

Battens, 2iin. and :sin. by 7in. 13 10 „ 14 10 

Third yellow deals, 3in. by llin. 

and9in. .: 13 10 ,. 1,5 

Battens, 2!in. and .3in. by 7in. 11 „ 12 
Petersburg tirst yellow deals. 

Sin. bv llin 21 „ 22 10 

Do. Sin. by9in 18 „ 19 10 

Battens 13 10 ,, 15 

Sec. radvellow deals. Sin. by llin. 16 „ 17 

Do. 3in.by9in ...14 10 „ 16 

Battens . 11 „ 12 10 

Third yellow deals. Sin. by llin. 13 -0 „ 14 

Do. -.Sin. byOiu 12 10 „ 14 

Battens 10 „ 11 

6 to 5 

to £15 10 
„ 14 10 
„ 12 
„ 14 10 
„ 13 10 
„ 11 
„ 21 
,, 1 

and over. 


White Sea and Petersburg — 
First white deals, sin. by llin, £14 10 
,, Sin. by 9in. 13 10 

Battens ii o 

Second white deals, Sin. by llin. 13 10 
Sin. by 9in. 12 10 

battens 10 

Pitch pine : deals 18 

Under 2in. thick extra 10 

Yell-^w Pine— Fu-st, regular sizes 44 

Oddments ,S2 

Seconds, regular sizes ,33 

Yellow Pine oddments 28 

Kauri Pine— Planks per ft. cube.. 3 
Danzig and Stettin Oak Logs — 

Lav^--e, per ft. cube 3 

fimM 2 

Wainscot Oak Logs, per ft. cube.. 5 
Dry Wainscot Oalc, per ft. sup., 

as inch 

■;in. do. do 

Dry Mahogany — Honduras, Ta- 
basco, per ft. super, as inch ... 9,, 01 
Selected, Figury. per ft. super. 

as inch 16 ., 2 

Dry Walnut, American, per ft. 

super, as inch 10 ,, 1 

Teak, per 17 „ 22 

American Whitewood Planks, per 

ft. cube 4 0,, 05 

Prepared Flooring, &e. — 

lin. bv 7in. yellow, planed and Per square. 

shot .. £0 13 6 to £0 17 

lin. by Tin. yellow, planed and 

matched 14 

IJin. by Tin. yellow, planed and 

matched 16 

lin. bv Tin. white, planed and 

shot 12 

lin. by Tin. white, planed and 

matched 12 

IJin. by Tin. white, planed and 

matched 15 

2in. by Tin. yellow, matched and 

beaded or V-jointed boards ... 11 
lin. by Tin. ,, ,, ... 14 

Jin. by 7in. white „ ... 10 

lin. by Tin. ,, ,, ... 12 



6in. at 6d. to 9d. per square less than Tin. 


Darley Dale, in blocks .per foot cube £0 



2 3 
2 4i 

1 lOJ 

2 10 

Red Man.sfield, ditto . 

Closebui-n Red Freestone, ditto ,',' ... 

Hard York, ditto ,, ... 

Ditto ditto 6in. sawn both sides, landings, 

random sizes per foot sup. 2 8 

Ditto ditto Sin. slabs sawn two sides, 

random sizes ,, ... 1 3 

• All F.O.R. London. 

Bath Stone, dehvered on rail at quarry stations 

per foot cube £3 1 
Dehvered on road waggons, Faddington 

Depot 1 6J 

Ditto ditto Nine Elms Depot , ... 1 81 

Beer Stone, delivered on rail at Seaton 

Station 10 

Ditto, delivered at Nine Elms Station ... „ ... 1 6 

Portland Stone, in random blocks of 20ft. average : — 

Brown White. 
Whit Bed. Base Bed. 
Dehvered to railway depot at the 

quarry per foot cube £0 1 5J ... £0 1 7^ 

Dehvered on road waggons \ 

at Paddington Depot ... ( q 

Ditto Nine Elms Dep-jt... I " "■ 
Ditto Pimlico Wharf ' 


2 1 

2 2i - 

Hard stocks 



Rough Stocks and 




Picked Stocks for 








Red Wire Cuts 



Best Fareham Red 

3 12 

Best Red Pressed 

Ruabon Facing... 


Best Blue Pressed 


3 15 

Do. Bullnose 


Best Stourbridge 

Fire Bricks 



Glazed Bricks. 

Best White and 

Ivory Glazed 





Quoins, BuUnose, 

and Flats 


Double Stretchers 19 

Double Headers ... 


One Side and two 



Two Sides and one 



S p I a V s. C h a m- 

fered. Squints ... 


Best Dipped Salt 

Glazed Stretchers, 

and Header 


Quoins, Bullnose, 

and Flats 



Double Stretchers 


Double Headers ... 


One Side and two 



Two Sides and one 



Splays, Cham- 

Jered. Squints .. 


Second QuaHty 

i white and 

Dipped Salt 



per 1,000 alongside, in river. 

at railway station. 

leas than best. 



Jan, 18, 1907. 

Thames and Til Sand 

Thames Ballast 5 

Best Portland v^ement a? 

Beat Ground Blue Lias Lime 19 


u per yard, delivered. 


per ton „ 

Exclusive of charge for sacks. 

Orey Stone Lime lis. 6d. per yard, delivered. 

Stourbridge Fireclay in sacks '278. Od. per ton at rly. stn. 


In. In. £ s. d. 
Blue Portmadoc 20x10 ..12 12 6 per 1000 of 1200 at r. stn. 

... 16x 8 .. 6 12 6 
Blue Bangor ... 20x 10...13 2 6 
. 20x12 ..13 17 6 

Firstquality 20x10 ..13 

..20x12 ..13 15 
... 16x 8 .. 7 ;> 
Eureka unfading 

gre=n 20x10... I.') 1 

, 20x12 ..18 7 

„ 18x10 .13 5 

.. 16x 8 .10 5 
Permanent green 20x10 ..11 12 « 
.. 18x10 .. i) 12 " 
„ „ . IBv 8 .. ti 12 

K 6 


Plain red roofing tiles 42 

Hip and Valley tiles 3 

Broseloy tiles .^ 

Omaniintal tiles 52 

Hip and Valley tiles 4 

Ruabi n red, bronn. or brin- 
dled do. lEiiwards) 57 

Ornamental do tSO 

Hip tiles 4 

Valley tiles 3 

Bed or Mottled Stafford hire 

do. iTeake's) 51 

Ornamental do 54 

Hip tiles 4 

Valley tiles 3 

*' Rosemary " brand plain 

tiles 48 

Ornamental tiles 50 

Hip tiles 4 

Valley tiles 3 

" Hartshill " brand plain 

tiles, sand-faced 50 

Pressed 47 

Ornamental do 50 

Hip tiles 4 

Valley tiles 3 


per 1000 at rly. station 

7 per doz. „ ,, 

per 1000 

!'■ .. ., 

per doz. ., „ 

6 per 1000 

per doz 

9 per 1000 

'> .. ,. ,. 

1 per doz. at rlv. station 

per 1000 .. ., 

per doz. .. „ 


per 1000 


per doz. „ ,, 



Rapeseed, English pale, per tun.. £33 to £33 5 

Do., brown, „ ... 30 „ 30 10 

Cottonseed, refined „ ... 24 „ 25 10 

Olive, Spanish , ... 40 „ 40 10 

Seal, pale 23 „ 23 10 

Cocoanut, Cochin 4i „ 43 5 

Do., Ceylon „ ... 4) ., 40 10 

Do., Mauritius „ ... 40 „ 41 

Palm, Lagos 33 10 „ 33 11 

Oleine „ ... 17 S „ 19 5 

Sperm „ ,. 34 „ 35 

Lubricating U.8 per gal. 7 0,, 08 

Petroleum, refined „ ... 6J „ 61 

Tar, Stockholm perbarrel 16 0,, 1 6 o 

Do., Archangel „ ... 19 6 „ 10 

Turpentine, American ...per tun 37 „ S7 5 

Linseed Oil per gal. 2 Oi „ — 

Baltic OU ...0 2 8,, — 

Turpentine ... 4 2| „ — 

Putty per cwt. 7 0,, — 


English Sheet Glass ; 15oz. 21oz. 

Ijd. ... 2'.d. ... 3M 
28d. ... 3ga. ... 4d. 

2eoz. 32oz. Net. 

Fourths Ijd. ... S.'.d. ... 3}d. ... 4Jd. „ 

Thirds 28d. ... Sgd. ... 4d. ... Bd. „ 

Fluted Sheet 3,ld. ... i^i. ... 4ja. ... 5}d. „ 

Hartley's English Rolled 1 late ; gin. ^'min. ]in. 
'ija. ... 2»d. ... 3d. 
Figured Oxford Rolled Oceanic Glass : White. Tinted. 

4d. ... 5Jd. 


Per gallon. 

Fine Pale Oak Varnish £0 8 

Pale Copal Uak 10 6 

Superfine I'ale Elastic Oak 12 B 

Fine Extra Hard Chiirch Oak 10 

Superfine Hard-diTing Oak, for seats of churches 14 c 

Fine Elastic Carriage 12 6 

Superfine Pale Elastic Carriage Iti 

Fine Pale Maple 18 

Finest Pale Durable Copal 18 

Exti a Palo French Oil 110 

Egsshell rUttiDg Varnish 18 

W'htte C'lpal Enamel 14 

Extra Pale Paper 12 

Best Japan Gold Size 10 6 

Best Black Japan 16 

Oak and Mahogany Stain 9 

Bniuswick Black , 8 6 

Berlm Black 18 

Knotting 10 

French and Brush Polish 10 






Wm. OLIVER & SONS, Ltd., 

120, BunliiU Row, LONDON, E.C 


•»• Correspondents would in all cases oblige by giving 
the addresses of the parties tendering — at any rate, of the 
accepted tender : it adds to the value of the information. 








3 513 


Bow, E.— For the erection of new brewer's office at The 
Brewery, Bow, London , E. Mr. Hei bert Riches, H. 
Crnoked-lane, King- Willi am -street, London, E.G., archi- 

Perry and Co £348 

Thome, F. and T 337 

Kobey, J. T. (accepted) :^25 

Cnivi WELL. — For the construction of sewage-disposal 
works and the laying- of about 2,500 yards lineal of pi]ie 
sewers, with manhole.s and contingent works, in the parish 
of Chigwell, for the Epping- Rural District Council. Mr. 
H. Toolev. A. R.I. B. A., Buckhurst Hill, engineer:— 

Pedrette, T. W., Stamford Hill, N. " 

Pedrette & Co., Finsbury Park, N. 

Adims, T.. "Wood Green, X. 

"Winch, E. E , York Hill. Loughton 

Ties, W., Southend-ou-Sea 

Jackson, D. T., Barking 

Macdonald, J. H., Oxford ... 

Napier, G., and Sons. Southimpton 

French, \V. and C, Buckhurst Hill' 

- Ac:'epted. Engineer's estimate. £:i,7ol.} 

CoLNK.~For various works in connection with the 
erection of elementary schooLs otf Burnley-road, Colne. 
Messrs. Holgate and iSpivey. Market-street, Colne, archi- 
tects. Accepted tenders : — 

Mason : — 
Atkinpon, J. R., Shaw-street ... i:3.45[» 17 

Joiners : — 
Riddiough, J., and Co., Stanley-st. 1.700 

Slater : — 
Smithies, J.. 356, Great Hortun- 

road, Bradford 314 10 

Ironfounders : — 
Park, W., and Co.. Wiend, Wigan 172 15 

Plumbers: — 

Varley, W., and Sons, Market-street t;02 

Plasterer : — 

Guest, R., Brierfield 717 12 

Electrician : — 

Fort, A. ■■ y.iii 18 13 

Heating : — 

Varley, W., and Sons 392 

Ventilating :— 
Waddington. J., and Co., Clav 

Ban'i Works. Bury 105 10 

Iron railing : — 

Croasdale, R., & Sons. Fountain-st. 75 5 tj 

Pointers : — 

H>?y, J. and J.... 82 15 

[Rest of Colne.) 

EoM iNTON. N.— For the erection of an adJitionil stnry 
to, and extenNion ot", the laundry at the workhnuse, for 
the guardians of Edmonton Union. Mr. S. Hill. lOli, 
Cannon-street, E.C, architect. Quantities by Mr. J. 
Peebles, 7, Southampton-street. Bloijm^bury, W.C. : — 

Jackson, R., and Co. . 

Nightingale, B. E. . 

Loasby and Salmon ., 

Greenwood, J., L'ld. 

Sands and Beverley . . 

Thomas, J 

"Wall, C, Ltd 

Lawrence, W., and Son 

Roberts, A., and Co. .. 

Foster, F. and G. .. . 

Parsons, J 

Knight. H., and Son ... 

Fitvh and Cox 

Monk, A 

Elles-mkre Port. —For kerbing 
Station-road, for the urban district council : — 

Gordon, J., and Sons, Ellesmere Port (accepted). 

EsKiELD.— For the taking down of the existing tem- 
porary church and erecting on another portion of tne site, 
also for the erection of new church premises for the 
trustees of SpringKeld-road Primitive Methodist Chapel. 
Mr. Frank Bcthell, 23, Queen Anne's I'lace, Bush Hill 
Park, Enfield, architect and surveyor. Quantities by the 
architect : — 

Reason, W., Rosebery-avenue, E.C. .€3,19(> 

Thorne. F. and T., PopUr 

Wilton, E. K., Southgate 

Steed and Sons, HoUoway 

Porter, A., Tottenham 

Stewart, J., Tottenham 

Lawrence and Son, Waltham Cross 

Jennings k Grcnfell, Waltbam Cross 

Thomas and Edge, Woolwich 

Mattock Bros., Wood Green 

Winter and Sons, Southgate 

Fairhead and Son, Enfleld* .. 

* I'rovisionally accepted. 

Grimsby.— For extension of corporation water-mains. 
Mr. H. Gilbert Whyatt, A.M.LC.E., borough engineer 
and surveyor : — 

Sangwin, J., Hull 

Tabor, E., Cambridge 

Dolby. D. J., Grimsby 

Hewins and Goodhaud, Grimsby 

Hewius, H., (.irimsby taccepted/ 

Lrw!sii-\m, S.E.— For kerbing, channelling, and making- 
up the roadway of Canonbie-road and Suudtrland-ro^d 
(part of), lor Lewisham Borough Council : — 
Woodham. H., and Sons .€2.0itJ 

HrniKR Grken. S.E. — Foi the erection of a new branch 
library, for the Lewihham Borough Council : 

Potter Bros., Horsham 

Knight, T., Sidcup 

Bky, W. T.. Dartford 

Kirk and Kirk. Westminster 
Moss, S. E.. and Co.. Southend 
Webster and Son. I'eckham Rye ... 

Kent, H., Hither Green 

Lowe. R., Chiselhurst 

Perry Bros.. City 

Coles, A. N., Plymouth 

Gorham, F. J.. Greenwich ,. 
Hollmgworth. H. H.. Peckhara .. 
Thomas and Ed^e. Woolwich 

Watt. J , Catford 

Claton, E. J., Shepherd's Bush .. 

Gathercole Bros., Norbury 

Akers. W.. & Co . South Norwood 

HoUoway. H. L. Leptford 

Nightingale, B. E., Albert Em- 

McKay, J., Clacton-on-Sea . 

Peyton, A. T.. Lewisham 

Foster, F. & G., Norwood Junction 
Hyde and Co.. Norwood Junction .. 
Patman iV Fotheringham, Islington' 3,95:i 
Loasby and Salmon, Hither Green 

• Recommended for acceptance. 

Lt»NUi!\, W.C. — For internal alterations to the .\delphi 
Hotel, John-street, Adelphi. W.C, for Mrs. Burlet. 
Messrs. Hayward and iMajTiard, A.R.I.B.A.. 20, John- 
street, Adelphi, architects : — 

Evre, W., Westminster £1,998 

R'ead, W., Adelphi ... 1.710 

Ulver and Co., H-tymarket' ... 1.545 

^ Accepted, subject to mtidilication. 

Losuos, W.C. -For the erection of new offices on East 

Wharf, Adelphi. for Mr. G. J. Drummond. Messrs. 

Hayward and Maynard, A.R.LB.A , 2J, John-street. 

Adelphi, architects. Quantities by Mr. H. T. Cronk, 

9, John-sti-eet, Adelphi ; — 

Maeey and Sons ,. . £1,552 

Waller and Co. 1.449 

McCormiek and Sons 1,415 

Ford and Walton ... 1,435 

Camiichael, Mr. 1,435 


















id channelhn 













£369 7 


303 10 




192 17 


Mowleui, J., and Co. 

Ki-y Bros. 2,046 

Martin, B 2,000 

Pearee, W.' 

Sunderland-road (p.irt of). 
Mowlein. J., and Co. 
Woodham. H.,andSon^ 

Martin, li 

Fry Bros. 

Uloag, J.T. ... 

Pearee, W.* 

* Kecommended for acceptance. 




731 19 














4,265 10 




















Higgs, F. and H. F. (accepted 







^[aldo.v.— For deepening a well at their Wantz-road 
pumping-station. for the town council. Mr. T. R. Swales, 
borough surveyor : — 

Tdley. T.. and t;on«. Landon 
Nunn, A. E., London 

Dawson, J. H., Birnley 

Furlong. J. J.,Maldon (accepted) , 
Martin. C, Harpenden 

.Borough surveyor's estimate, £175.) 

Nestos, Cheshire. — For the erection of a Carnegie free 
library in Parkgate-road : — 

Wood, Garston .accepted). 

Paddinotun", W.— For paving and roadmaking works 
in passage on the eastern side of Beethoven-street, for the 
Paddington Borough Council. Mr. E. B. B. Newton, 
borough surveyor : — 

Rogers, E., and Co., 6, lAwrence- 

road. North Kensington ... .. £365 

Sheehan J . , 1 10, Mortimer-road . 

Kingsland, N 321 10 tl 

Boyer, H., Terminus Wharf, Pad- 
dington 310 4 (■. 

Griffiths, W., and Co., Hamilton 

House, Bishopsgate. E.C. .. .. 303 9 2 

Park. C, and Atkins m, J., 123, 

East-road, West Ham 236 19 4 

Webb, M., Fernleigh, Pennystone- 
road, Maidenhead (.accepted) ... 231 11 11 

(Borough surveyor's estimate. £323 Os. Gd. Note.— The 
borough bUiveyor a estimate for the apportionment alre.i ly 
made by the council was £283 17s.) 

Poi'LAu, E.— For repairs and decorations to The George, 
Poplar. London, E. Mr. Herbert Riches, 3. Crooked- 
lane, King Wiliiam-street. London. EC., architect : — 

Barker, G £259 

Robey, J. T 193 

Newell anl Lusty 181 o 

Elkington and Sons . . 175 

Warner Bros, (accepted . 1 19 

Rralh\-i;.— For alterations and additions to the Reading 
Union Workhouse. Mr. W. G. A. HambUng. M.S.A.» 
Reading, architect: — 

Whiting, T. F 

Stokes, vV., and Son-^ 
Lettis, G. S., and Bru. 
Faulks, A. ...... 

Bourton, W. 
Godwin, H. W. 

Pilgrim, G. 

Newberry, F. ... 

Wjbber, R., and Sons, Orts-road, 

Reading ^accepted,■l 

(.Ai'chitect's estimate, £130.^ 

Rrudish, near Manchester. —For various works ia 
connection with the erection of new baths, lire-station, 
and tree Ubrary, for the Stockport Corporation. Messrs. 
Ui.^on and Potter, architects : — 

Burgess and Gait, Ardwick (accepted .' 

SofTii SiiiKLus.- For rebuilding premise* at 61, King- 
street, South Shields, for Messrs. Fowler and Brock. J. 
Walter Hanson, architect, 79, King-street, South 

Stephen, Sherilf, and Son 

Young, Jas 

Summerbell and Son .. 

Allison, W. i'..-. 

Robertson, W. J., and Sons 

i^arruthers, Jas. (accepted) .. 

TuiR.iK.— For the building oi the Farmers' Auction 
Mai't on the Station-road — 

•Tackson, W.Thirsk (accepted) about £1,000 (J 

















430 9 


1,744 7 

1,710 U 

1,667 10 

1.6a5 U 

1,522 16 7 

Jax. 25, 1907. 





VOL. XCII.— No. 2716. 
'♦* . — 

FRIDA Y, JANUARY 25, 1907. 

THK R.1.15.A. rill/E COMl'ETITli tX.S. 


THE exhibition of drawings siibuiitteil in 
Lompetition for the E.I.H..\.. prizes 
opened at the .Vlpine Gallery, Mill-street, 
Conduit-street, on Tuesday last, and as it 
■will not close until Feb. 2, all architectural 
students who can possibly reach liondou for 
the ])urpose ou^ht to take the opportunity of 
visiting it. Yet it is hardly so good a 
collection of drawings as has been customary 
during the last few years, for, although 
there have been many competitors for the 
two principal prizes — the Soane Medallion 
and the Tite Prize— the usualh- well-con- 
tested Pugin Studentship has produced only 
three sets of drawings, and the Owen Jones 
Studentship onlj- two. In some cases it is 
also unusually ditticult to agree with the 
awards which have been made : and we 
should like to emphasise the word " unusual," 
for there is almost always a certain amount 
of ditticulty in this respect. It seems as if 
selection by a committee invariably leads to 
a comi)romise ; and it is a committee which 
adjudicates on these drawings, and not an 
individual. Often, too, the selection is 
obviously made by those who know com- 
paratively little of the special re([uirements 
of the class of building for which designs are 
lieing prepared, with the result that good 
and workable schemes are passed over in 
favour of others which display superior 

The Soane Medallion and ildO, open to 
British subjects under the age of oO years, 
has this year been awarded to Mr. Harold 
Cooper, whose design was submitted under 
the motto "Cameo." The subject set was 
that of a large city hotel facing a public 
■ square, and situated at the end of a block of 
buildings, so that it had narrow frontages 
exposed to the north and south, and a broad 
frontage open to the west, while the east side 
was obstructed. It is clear that the assessors 
have in their selection given preference to a 
building which is obviously a hotel such as 
might be built in a large English town ; yet 
«\en so, one ([uestions the selection. Mr. 
Cooper's design is highly suggestive of the 
sort of thuig now being erected in London — 
French in its inspiration so far as the archi- 
tectural treatment is concerned, and such as 
might be cxpoctod to be constructed with 
steel framework. Its principal merit lies in 
the recessed entrance in the centre of the 
broad frontage, so arranged by the introduc- 
tion of a statue that carriages pass in and out 
without conflict and deposit m front of an 
arcade, from which admission is obtained to 
a largo circular lounge. This occujjies the 
centre of the building and is top-lighted, 
forming a beautiful architectural feature; 
but unfortunately it cuts the plan in two, and 
this, if somewhat awkward on the gi-ound 
floor, is much more so on the hrst. while con- 
nection is obtained higher up by carrying 
girders across its low dome in a fashion which 
is not too obviously shown on the longi- 
tudinal si.-ction. The northern portion of the 
ground floor is occupied by a large winter 
garden which opens out of the lounge, while 
to right and left that is, on north and .south 
— are found staircase halls, which can only 
be reached through dark entrances. The 
coffee-room and grill-room are on the 
extreme north, and the dining and draw- 
ing rooms on the extreme south, intro- 
ducing elements of difficulty into the service 
by their separation, while the billiarJ-rojm 
is placed on the ground floor in the south- 

west, and consequently the most brilliantly- 
lighted corner a position which billiard 
players would greatly object to. There are 
numerous tiny areas for light, and generally 
the plan displays ignorance of the accepted 
methods of dealing with large build- 
ings. The draughtsmanship, however, is 
excellent, particularly that of the sheet of 
large-scale details executed in pencil and 
colour, crowned by a standing female figure 
most naturally drawn, though it be hardlj' 
sculptures(|ue ; while two other figures, also 
well drawn, are placed where sculpture 
should never occur on an architectural com- 
position, representing the meeting of East 
and West, a Chinaman and a Ked Indian 
being shown with their hand.s clasped. 

Hon. Mention and a prize of i'l(( Ids. has 
been given to " Simplex " (Mr. A. R. Barker) 
for another tj-pically French ami florid design 
of no verj' great merit, characterised by a 
hea\j- double cornice of unusual character. 
It has, however, all the appearance of being 
a hotel ; which is not saying much, for hotels 
as a rule are not great architectural compo- 
sitions. The entrances are at the north and 
south extremities, and although the plan at 
first sight has an appearance of directness 
with through corridors to the north and south 
of the central winter garden, yet close 
examination detects the same scattering of 
the rooms requiring service from the kitchen 
to which we have just called attention, 
together with the necessity for great use of 
artificial light, the billiard, and smoking- 
rooms on the ground Hoor being entu'ely 
dependent upon it save for a little borrowed 
light from the winter garden, while they would 
be extremely ditttcult to ventilate. The noi-th 
entrance serves a theatre which is placed 
above the banqueting room, while the 
annular corridors on the first floor are lighted 
by quite small areas. 

" Urn " (Mr. A. J. Pitcher) is also 
awarded hon. mention and £10 10s., and, in 
our opinion, much nioi'e justly so. His main 
entrance is in the centre of the broad west 
frontage, along a large portion of which a 
handsome loggia extends, allowing a supple ■ 
mental entrance to the ballroom to be also 
reached through it. This is an exceedingly 
clever little piece of planning, for the ball- 
room, which is on the first Hoor, has separate 
stairs, and so can be reached by non-resi- 
dents, who pass ample cloakrooms on their 
way to the recejjtion-room. which may also 
be api)roached by residents in the hotel by 
means of a corridor on the first floor. On 
the ground fioor there is a circular lounge in 
the centre of the site, while other circular 
erections occur to north and south of it, that 
on the north being utilised as a smoking- 
room and that on the south for the 'grand 
staircase. The billiard-room is in the centre 
of the north frontage, lying between the 
grill-room and buffet, while the cofiee-room 
is placed on the south. There is an annular 
corriJor, admirably lighted on all floors, 
while the lavatorirs are collected at the back 
or east and lighted from a long, narrow area, 
into which all pipes may be collected. There 
is a simpUcity and directness about this plan, 
combined with splendid ojjportunities for 
internal architectural treatment, which other.s 
lack, while the elevation shows a really noble 
frontage -possibly a trifle over-florid in the 
angle pavilion, but eminently hotel-like and 
archite.'turally good. The perspective is, 
perhaps, a trifle heavy in its treatment : but 
there is an admirable sheet of details in wash, 
showing good j)ro]5ortion-', in spite of three 
stories being include 1 within the main order. 

The ininy remaining designs can only be 
cuisorily noticed, though several of them are 
worth}- of more detailed criticism. " Pan " 
shows a complicated plan, with a broken 
elevation and steep roof, suital^le for a sunny 
town, cleverly shown in an artistically drawn 
perspective. There is a high Ironij (^)rder, 
and a deep sculptured frieze of some origi- 
nalitv. 'Rush" has aimed at directness in 

planning, but communication is lacking on 
the upper floors. His elevational treatment 
is somewhat municipal, with a dome-topped 
tower in the centre of his main frontage. It 
Would be well if he took a little trouble to 
thoroughly master the principles of per- 
spective. •'Kokrel,"iu spite of his curious 
spelling, has evidently been influenced by 
the master whoso name he adopts. His is a 
good Ionic composition of Creek feeling, so 
clever that one forgives his use of the awk- 
ward Bass;i' capitals. There is much waste 
space, however, in his scattered plan, and 
the general effect of his somewhat washy 
drawings is that of a school of art rather than 
a hotel. "Dentil" submits a commonplace 
scheme, weakly drawn in pencil. The plan 
lacks skill and knowledge of hotel require- 
ments, being absolutely divided by a solid 
wall into two distinct buildings on the first 
floor. "A. T.," more than any other com- 
petitor, displays a knowledge of modern hotel 
planning, for, although he has scattered his 
rooms to all appearances over the various 
Hoors, it must be remembered that, in these 
days of rapidly-moving lifts, there is a great 
deal to be said for vertical rather than hori- 
zontal communication. Unfortunately, the 
planshave been so hung in the room as to make 
it rather difficut to recognise their sequence. 
If the vertical communication is good, how- 
ever, the horizontal connection is destroyed 
on the principal floor, visitors wishing to pass 
from north to south having to go upstairs 
and down again for the purpose, unless they 
walk through the serving-room. The eleva- 
tion is entirely commonjilace. "Pax" sub- 
mits a scheme for a glorified warehouse, 
containing no architectural features other 
than a little sculpture in ineffective positions, 
while the corridors are noticeable for their 
darkness. "Applique" sends some of the 
finest drawings of all which have been sub- 
mitted, illustrating an eccentric sky-scraper 
design, which, however, is by no means 
architecturally commonplace. It is the centre 
section only which rises, and it is well pro- 
portioned and finished with domical termina- 
tions. It is intended to be executed in steel 
framework, faced with glazed faience having 
marble dressings, and would form a really 
handsome building in a hot climate, and 
amidst i-ich foliage. Clever and original, 
showing an unusual grasp of architectural 
mass and colour, it is yet hardly suitable for 
an English hotel, "(.'id" sends a sound 
plan, wit'n a commonplace elevation, while 
the design of "I. Parve " is overpowered by 
its high red roof. "Novo" submits a well- 
lighted plan ; but the elevation is rather 
handsome than good, being Continental in its 
ideas, and terminated with French pavilion 
roofs. The most eccentric and the ugliest 
design is unquestionably that bj- "Aero." 
This, again, is a sky-scraper, but a mere 
vertically extended warehouse or square box 
which opens out like a telescope. The 
principal entrance is apparently somewhere 
about the 20th story, where air-ships are 
shown in the perspective landing their pas- 
sengers. It is, in fact, not a seripus effort to 
win the studentship, but an architectural j oke. 
"Silver Shield" has a great deal yet to 
learn. He submits a heavy design which 
entirely lacks architectural merit, while his 
plan wants directness and light. 


The Owen Jones Studentship, which carries 
with it a certificate and the sum of £100, 
_open to members of the 2>rofession under the 
age of thirty-five, for drawings which exhibit 
ac([iiaintanc3 with colour decoration, has very 
justly been awarded to Mr. A. E. II. Jackson. 
His work is characterised both by breadth 
and delicacy, cambined with a refined sense 
of colour and soft and correct handling. A 
more perfectly beautiful series of colour 
drawings has rarely been submitted for this 
priz3. It is difficult to know which of those 
ho exhibits is the bsst; whether it be the 



Jan. 25, 1907, 

doilinK o£ Itiiphael's Loggia in tho ^'aticaIl, 
"with its boiiutit'ul forms and perfect detail, or 
the softly- rendered suggestions of angels 
rising towards tho centre of the dome of the 
8antimrio, 8oronno, taken from Feram's 
frescoes, which were executed about 1.534, or 
the intricate mosaic-work of S. Maria in 
Araoudi, Rome. The only other competitor, 
Mr. Eobert Atkinson, sends an entirely 
inferior series of drawings, most of which are 
perspectives, and so hardly conform to the 
conditions of the com^jetition. 


It is not often that there is so strong a 
competition for tho Tite Prize as this year, 
either in point of number or excellence of 
design. Unfortunately, as in the case of the 
Soane Medallion, we find it difficult to agree 
with the award, though wo admit that the 
selected scheme, that of Mr. G-. Salway Xicol 
(Vignola), has good draughtsmanship and 
simplicity of arrangement to commend it. 
The subject is a Loggia for iSculpture 
attached to the blank end of a public 
building. This is open to aud has received 
much variety of treatment. Mr. Nicol has 
adopted a rectangular plan, giving ample 
opportunity for the introduction of great 
pieces of sculpture ; but in itself the design 
is over-florid. It is an arcaded scheme, with 
massive angles, whose main entablatures are 
broken to admit tho inti-oduction of niches 
for statuary. A similar architectural fault 
— common enough, unfortunately, at the 
present day — is committed in regard to the 
entablature round the interior. Much 
sculpture is introduced into the building 
itself, but most unwisely, as " supporters " 
to shields in such positi<ms that the shields 
appear to carry the sculpture, and in the 
capitals of the ])ilasters. The per.?]iective is 
well drawn in pencil, but the e.xcellency of 
the draughtsmanship only emphasises the 
confusion of line. 

Hon. Mention and the sum of ten guineas 
has been awaixled to Mr. 1'. Napier Ilemy 
("Nisi") for what seems to us to be a 
certainly superior scheme, illustrated bj' an 
effective and large internal jjerspective, the 
accuracy of which is, however, not entirely 
unquestionable. The plan is somewhat 
elaborate, the main rectangular loggia being 
emphasised bj' low, projecting, colonnaded 
wings having coupled Ionic columns whose 
design is repeated, except that the columns 
in these instances are single, in the-, form of 
screens across the main arches of the loggia 
itself. The building is slightly raised, and 
approached by a flight of steps, in front of 
which there is a fountain. The design is 
quiet, dignified, and admirably proportioned. 
With sculptured figures introduced U]ion tho 
fountain and in other prominent po.sitions. 
The Roman Ionic Order is used, and the 
columns are blocked, which might cause a 
fidgety effect in actual execution. 

There are no less than eighteen other 
designs, several of which deserve at least 
equal notice. ' ' I lermit "' has planned what is 
rather a court than a loggia, or one might 
perhaps say has arrangeil for two jiarallel 
loggias connected by semicircular colonnades 
treated with a high Ionic order and somewhat 
too open, all'ordiug iusufricient .shelter to the 
connecting pass.agos. A rich anil refined 
buildiag results, designed in accordance with 
strict rule, and consequently in complete 
agreement with the conditions, following the 
principles of Wren ; for it should bo borne in 
mind that four architects are specified in tke 
deed under which the prize was originated 
whose principles .should be followed, aud that 
Wren is one of these. The best drawing of 
" Hermit's" series is his exceedingly line detail 
of the central dome, executed in strong line. 
"Spread I'jagle " submits a scheme which is 
at once cramped and pretentious, fussy and 
top-heavy. It is far from being the best. 
" Gradus," even if his columns are too high, 
and' the general design spoilt by the intro- 

duction of high and somewhat ugly angle- 
towers, yet exhibits a sense of refinement, 
aud his drawing improves upon acquaintance. 
" Forced Draught " sends an ink perspective 
which is a magnificent example of penman- 
shiji ; but the design is heavy and of two 
stories, which is perhaps hardly permissible. 
The lower portion is designed as a deep rusti- 
cated basement, and is certainly too high in 
proportion to the upper part, which consists 
of an open Ionic coujiled colonnade with 
domed pax'ilions at the angles and extremities 
of the projecting wings. It makes an im- 
posing building, but the detail greatly 
lacks refinement. "Vita's" set of draw- 
ings can only be characterised as' weak, 
his detail sheet being little better than a >et 
of Testimonies of Studj' of the Corinthian 
Order for the Intermediate examination. 
"Si Jeunesse Savait si Vieillesse Pouvait " 
submits a design which is as elaborate as his 
motto. He draws well, and the small group 
of sculpture on his sheet of details is a 
deUghtful piece of grouping and line-drawing. 
"Delta" sends a set of unfinished and weak 
drawings, while tho design is spoilt by an 
unduly deep attic. " Ecclesiastes' " plan is 
segmental, having a concave sweep to tho 
spectator. It is unpretentious and effective 
in general design, but unfortunately contains 
some details which can only be characterised 
as atrocious. "Orne" had better learn to 
draw before he competes again, and may take 
it to heart that seaweed is hardly an appro- 
piiato subject to re]>resent in the tympanum 
of a building to be devoted to sculpture. 
" Heart-easing ^Mirth '' sends an exceedingly 
well-drawn and pow(>rful pencil persiiective ; 
but when the design is examined irrespec- 
tivel)' of the glamour thrown over it by good 
draughtsmanship, it is seen to contain many 
architectural anomalies — such as arched con- 
sti'iiction of architrave and frieze, and stpiare 
piers rising from the tops of pediments — 
while the proportions are of that unhappy 
character which one associates with tho Law 
Courts at Brussels. " liaurel Wreath " has 
attempted to copy the recently-destroj-ed 
Sansovino Ivoggia at ^'enice, but has failed. 
"Valhalla" has produced one of the few 
original plans. It is bowed in both direc- 
tions, showing a convex front. This, like 
several other designs, is spoilt by the use of 
broken entablatures, certainly in contraven- 
tion of the principles of the gi-eat Renaissance 
masters, while the pediments are much too 
high ; and so is the overpoweringly-heavy 
main entablature, which is almost equal 
to half the height of its supporting 
columns. "Altiora Petamus " has tried 
something entirely beyond him. He shows 
large arches penetrating his entablatures, 
having the voussoirs carried right up to 
the pediment, following tho ugly pre- 
cedent set up in Oceanic House, Trafal- 
gar-square. " Cheiro " has produced some 
beautifully-refined detail, obtaining richness 
by simple means. His is really a beautiful 
scheme, spoilt in the perspective by over- 
emphasis of the modillion shadows, thus pro- 
ducing a fidgety effect on what in reality 
would be a reposeful building. "Crown" 
submits a pretentious scheme, such as one 
would ex]iect to find in Rome or some other 
great Italian city, where it would be admired 
as a "handsome" erection, e?iiecially if it 
had a water frontage, as shown in the j>er- 
spective. The angle masses, wo might 
suggest, are too narrow in their proportions. 
" Meg" has adopted a heavy and late Roman 
style, masking his construction, which is 
domical, and had much better ha\e been ex- 
posed, and abandoning most architectural 
canons except that of ilesigning to a pj'ra- 
midal form. "Mncit qui Patitur's " draw- 
ings are noticeable for bad lettering, while 
" lonicus " has yet a great deal to learn. 
The drawings submitted for the Pugin 
Studentship— the txrissell medal, and the 
Arthur Cates and measured drawings piizes 
— will be noticed in detail next week. 


THE bankruptcy records year by year 
proclaim that the business of a building 
contractor is financially hazardous. The 
jtrofits may occasionally be consideriible, 
though in these days of close competitive 
tendering the " occasions " must be rare. A 
mere living ])rofit is the general rule ; and 
the risk of failure is always present. A 
miscalculation in an estimate, a strike of 
workmen, or a sudden and unexi>ected rise 
in the piice of labour or material may easily 
change a margin of profit into a margin of 
loss. Then come disputes and law costs, 
harsh conditions of contract rigidly enforced, 
certificates withheld, and tin- appi'arancc of 
defects in buildings for which the contractor 
is held liaKe though the fault may not bi- 
his, so that, to parody (iilbert's popular 
saying : "The contractor's lot is not a hapi)y 
one," by any means. 

If this is, and has been for a long jieriod, 
the condition of affairs — and we have hardly 
overdrawn the picture — any tendency to add 
to the risks of so hazardous a calling needs 
watching with particular care. Such, until 
it became customary to insure against them, 
were the provisions of the various AVorkmen'.- 
C'ompensation Acts, and such now are certaii, 
possibilities, we might almost say actualities 
of the working of modern company law 
Hitherto it has been generally considered 
that a limited liability company was one of 
the safest of building owners for whom a 
contractor could work. There is no fidgety 
private individual to deal with, the architect 
has a tolerably free hand, and the certificates 
to the builder are given and met with regu- 
larity. A company represents "business," 
and the contractor, dealing with such, knows 
exactly " where he is." On the one hand, 
he will not be harassed about insignificant 
trifles ; while, on the other, strict adherence 
to the contract will be enforced. If the 
company should go into liquidation bofor& 
the completion of the contract there is, how- 
ever, a risk to be run which is not present in 
the case of the private owner. It is that of 
finding that debenture-holders hold a prior 
claim on the estate, even including the build- 
ing on which the contractor has been engaged, 
and for which he has not yet been paid. 

This is no myth, but an exceedingly serious 
matter, as some contractors have already dis- | 
covered to their cost. The way in which the | 
matter works is this. A prosperous, or ap- 
parently prosperous, trading concern, wish- 
ing to extend its business, decides to build 
larger premises. In order to do this more 
capital is required than is available in ready 
cash, and in order to obtain it, instead of 
issuing further shares, debentures are created, 
and are frequently taken up by a single in- 
dividual or a small " ring." In other words, 
the whole assets of the company are mortgaged ( 
as security for a loan divided into shares ; but | 
the debentures, or shares in the mortgage, are j 
in so few hands that corporate action upon | 
the part of the debenture-holders, or mort- ' 
gagees, is easy, and can bo taken at the, toi 
them, most convenient moment. The time 
for such action may, and sometimes does, 
come when the new buildings are nearing 
completion, and just when there is a con-| 
siderable sum due to the contractor. Trifiingj 
mismanagement on the part of tho directors^ 
—inability to call in a debt. — any one of aj' 
thousand small accidents of business, makeitj 
dilficult at a critical moment to pay interostj 
due to the debenture-holders, who, amply! 
secured, come down upon the com]iany for 
their capital. The ciraipany is forced to wind 
up, and the debenture-holders, as preferential 
creditors, take everything, even including 
tho new buildings for the erection ol 
which the contractor has not been full) 
paid, and for the designing and supervisior 
of which the architect may not yet havo 
received a single penny. These individui 
together with a host of other just creditor 

Jax. 25, 1907. 



have to staiul asido, and merely share what 
is left after the dobonturo-holders have been 
satisfied, and it is tinite possible, and indeed 
has hajipened in some cases, that tliis may be 
represented by a cipher. 

A private individual cannot gi\'e a secured 
mortgage on his office fittings and furniture, 
his stock in trade, and machinery for the 
conduct of his business, to say nothing of his 
goodwill, with anything like the facility of a 
limited company. Herein lies the risk. If 
an individual becomes bankrupt while build- 
ing works are in progress, the contractor and 
the architect take their places as onlinary 
creditors, and even after the secured creditors 
have been dealt with will probably be paid 
in part. So much more may, however, be 
covered by debenture securities that, in case 
of the failure of a limited company, there 
may be very little to share amongst tha 
■ordinary creditors, of whom it is (juite 
feasible that the building contractor may be 
the chief. 



THE activity of the L. (..'.( '., in the direction 
of encouraging the artistic education of 
the craftsman is justified of its results, as 
exemplified at this Camberwell Exhibition. 
The quality, which was most conspicuously 
lacking from the craftsmanship of a decade 
■ago, was the joy of work, and it was easy to 
imdci'stand why it should be so. For the 
■workman who knew, and could know, nothing 
■of the achievements of his ancestors in the 
•craft, nothing of the possibilities of beauty 
which lie even in the most utilitarian forms 
of craftsmanship, could not be expected to take 
very much interest in the sheer mechanical 
drudgery by which he earned his daily bread. 
Now, it is the niis.-<ion, admirabl}' fulfilled by 
these schools of arts and crafts, to reveal the 
beauty and the immense possibilities of 
applied design in the most ordinary work ; 
and tl\e inevitable result is that not only is 
the work produceil by the students of such 
schools more pleasing to the eye, but also 
more thonmgh in the purely constructional 

Take, for iostance, plumbing and plaster- 
ing. In the workman or apprentice engaged 
in these jiursuits there may be a deep-laid 
vein of ap]ireciation of the beautiful. 
to develop that vein- nor would the making 
•of joints in lead and the plastering of 
rtat ceilings achieve mxich in that direction. 
But the work on exhibition at C'amberwell 
«hows IIS that a school of arts and crafts can 
*nd does develop that vein. Not only have 
we here exiiuisitc and complicated "joints, 
devised for the pure joy of overcoming the 
mechanical dilRculties they involve, but aslo 
•ornament, such as the headings of rainpipes, 
which ha.s the quality of life in its rich cable 
mouldings, the bold lettering of the dates, 
and the free drawing of /fexis-ilr-Zi/s^ roses, 
and the like : and it is this very quality of 
Ufe which, till lately, has d'iiferentiited 
between niedi;oval and modern work. 

In the plaster-work a similar result is to 
be noticed. One piece of work to which our 
attention was called was a. bold linear design of 
reed-mouldings for a ceiKng. This is the work 
of aniere lad of Ki or 17, who had come to 
the school, nominally as a plasterer, but who 
had till then merely handled plaster in its 
roughest form- and onlv occasionally at that. 
Though, naturally, the"feeUng for design is 
stall capable of development, it is there, and 
the designer is one who would have been lost, 
and who would have lost his own talent ten 
years, or even less, ago. 

The sphere of the school's activity is wide. 
The exhibition contains examples of the work 
of classes in artistic typograjihT, black and 
white design, bookbindina:, lettering and 
lUnimnating, lithography, and woodcuts in 

colour ; in the section ilevoted to the ])rn(-es3es 
of book -production ; in architectural drawing 
and building construction, carpentry and 
stair- building, cabinet-making, house paint- 
ing and decoration, masonry (a most interest- 
ing section), modelling, plumbing and 
plastering, stained glass, stone - carving, 
woodcarving and gilding im the side devoted 
to the construction and decoration of build- 
ings. The general design, embroidery, and 
dressmaking classes have their exhibits, and 
the metalwork and enamelling section is both 
beautiful and interesting. 

Taking the exhibits in the order named, 
we have noted a few in each section as 
especially worthy of commendation, and the 
most casual observer cannot fail to note the 
thoroughness of system which controls the 
work of the school, every decorative motive 
being traced from its natural original to its 
conventionalised form in the final design. And 
further, we noted with real gratitude the 
determined manner in which the guiding 
spirits of the school have limited themselves 
to the stimulation of the artistic impulse, 
and ha\-e left to each pupil an absolute 
freedom in the origination of design. This is 
a system which produces work not stamped 
with the hall-mark of this or that teacher or 
school, but with an individual artist's feeling 
for and belief in his work. 

With one more general observation, we 
shall turn to the consideration of the work 
itself. We have but one criticism to make, 
which may, at first, seem adverse. It is, that 
though there is much promise in all the work 
exhibited, there is but little which really b'e- 
.speaks fulfilment. In spite of what we have 
said above, wc are bound to admit that there 
is frecjuently poverty of design, and the same 
tendency to " forge '' — to produce work 
bearing a sham antique air - which we have 
noticed in a far greater degree at South 
Kensington. I5ut this is no terrible indict- 
ment, for it is plain that once the real 
originality is found, and method mastered, 
there is no longer need for schools, and that 
the school exists but to make which 
the after life of the craftsmen shall 

Taking the sections in the order named 
above, we note first a case of well and 
soberly-designed title-pages in type only. 
I!ut, perhaps strangely, quite the best work 
is in the jobbing section, where a note in 
French, of the object and history of the 
school, set up by Mr. AV. Westwood, is 
really a shining examjjle of sensible and 
beautifully-spaced typography. The printing 
of this school is not fancy antique tyjjography, 
but artistic printing which can be read. We 
know no higher praise. 

" lUack and white design and book illustra- 
tion " is a large section occupying half a wall 
in the gallery. The general level of work is 
good, though there are, perhaps, few draw- 
ings of startling excellence. A. Hayes has 
designed two successful figure title-pages, 
one of which is to be utilised by Mac- 
Millan's and the other by Kelway, of Lang- 
port. The designs by I). Duckittfor "Baby's 
Own Book,"' are delightful, the babies 
being almost reminiscent of Gordon Browne, 
and the line is pure and strong. L. Jaggs is 
very successful with a title-piece, and with 
a charming three-colour cover-design for 
a magazine, which combines strength and 
daintiness. C. Jopson's semi-heraldic head 
and tail pieces, especially one with two 
fine cocks, are original and confidently 

The book illustrations vary much in merit, 
the chief weakness noticeable being in the 
matter of facial expression, while the anatomy 
of some figures is a shade doubtful. There 
is also a tendency to overcrowd in a good 
deal of work. 

However, a "Jack the Giant Killer," by 
W. Whittaker is full of humour, and side by 
side with it " Oephalns and Procris," by J. 
Campbell, is vigorous and well drawn. The 

last-mentioned draughtsman has a jiretty 
gift for the grotesque, as exemplified by a 
pencil-and-wash drawing which re]ireseiits a 
young latly seated at the world's edge 
among a crow<l of semi-human inearnatiou.s 
of ugliness, well conceived and executed. 

There is one student at this school who has 
consistently stuck to one .subject for his illus- 
trative work, and has achieved a correspond- 
ing success in characterisation — a rare 
quality in even the best of modern illustra- 
tions. I{. Montos is, we understand, a native 
of Oviedo, in Spain, and he has elected to 
illustrate his national classic, "Don (iuixote." 
His drawings are Spain, and they are Don 
( iuixote. They ha\e not the exuberance of 
iJorc's drawings for the same book, but they 
have the grave humour of the classic to 
which they pertain. Certain slips and weak- 
nesses of technique we willingly overlook for 
the sake of the genuine quality of illustration 
which these drawings contain. We are 
pleased to note that Mr. !Montc3 has been 
awarded a bronze medal by the Board of 

Of the Bookbinding it is impossible to 
speak in detail. The work is uniformly good, 
though some of the designs are rather too 
elaborate, the result of the craftsman falUng 
a prey to the modern multipliiity of tools. 
Two good designs which are done wholly by 
ha.ud are by T. Ijondon (green, gold inter- 
laced straight and looped lines) and A. 
Wright (turquoise, gold interlaced triple 
straight lines, lozenges, and dots). A bind- 
ing for a copy of " Omar Khayyam," by J. 
Chappie, is a good piece of symbolism, but 
heavily overcrowded. Both these ai-e small 
bindings. A good imjierial quarto is by B. 
Venner, combined hand and block tooling on 
rich red-brown antolojie skin. 

Lettering and illuminating have two ad- 
mirable exponents in D. Jones and E. K. 
Evans. The former has based her alphabet 
apparently on early Irish MSS^, and has a 
wonderfully firm touch on the quill. 1!. K. 
Evans is, perhaps, less accurate in touch, but 
has a dainty taste in the use of colour and 
gold. An initial " N " is very successful, as 
also is a charming bit of small work, black 
with gold initials, " My Little Children." 
L. Jaggs has produced one of the most suc- 
cessful italic MS. we have ever seen. M. 
t'oleman has also done good work in this as 
in several other directions. 

Lithography claims few adherent?, and of 
these the most successful are E. Heinlin and 
B. Ijybech, working after Holbein's partraits, 
while E. Sharp and C. Jopson have some 
good Japanese-style bird studies in this 

Colour wood-cuts are not very successful. 
The best is a figure of a witch, in black, red, 
and green on white, by B. Lybeck. The 
others do not seem to realise the limitations 
of the medium sutficientlj-. 


The plans and sections in this part of the 
exhibition are careful and conscientious 
work ; as also is the building construction, 
drawing, but neither in one section nor the 
ot'ner is there any distinguished work. The 
same may be said of the carpentry, cabinet- 
making, and house decoration, which are 
very sparsely represented. In the last-n.amed 
.section a stencil wall covering, by R. 
Bosworth, is not without merit. The stained 
glass is represented by the work of Messrs. 
Ilogan and Miller. A good portrait of 
William Morris, by the former, is the most 
striking exhibit. 

In Stone-carving, we have to note a 
remarkably feeling copy of the head of the 
the I liadumenos of Polycleitos (unfinished) 
in Bath stone, by F. Hayes, and a stone 
design for a boundary plate (to be cast in 
lead) by K. Turner. 

Woodcarving and ( f ilding are thorough, 
but undistmguished, the best being, perhaps, 
a picture-frame of open cutting (gUded) by 



,1ax. 2-"i, 1907. 

M. ( 'oleman, who has also carved a panel 
after the garter-plate of Lord Grej' de 

Embroidery is well represented, both by 
museum studies in water-colour, original 
designs, and actually executed work. The 
museum studies by Ij. Watkins are par- 
ticularly good, and we note that she has 
gained a Council's scholarship. A charming 
piece of all-white embroidery is by M. K. 
Lynn. M. Truscott exhibits both design 
and execution of an octagon tablecloth in 
green, with dull-red honeysuckle, which is 
pleasing. The Fritillary flower seems to be 
the " fad " of this school, perhaps owing to 
the rare natural " check-pattern." There are 
some good embroidered bookbindings by 
I. M. l)ight, who has obtained a School of Art 
scholarship, F. M. Pooley. who has obtained 
the same honour, and D. Wright. 

The Metalwork and Enamelling classes arc 
responsible for the production of some good, 
cleanly-designed hinges and door-plates, and 
of some very beautiful jewelry. There is an 
exquisite little chiselled gold pendant, set 
with an opal and an emerald, by E. 
Champion, and a singularly handsome 
casket of orangewood, bound with silver 
bands, set with turquoise and wrought with 
spirals of silver wire, by II. Martin. 

We would willingly continue the list of 
good work, and it would be easy to do so ; 
but, in conclusion, we would merely advise 
those who are interested in good craftsman- 
ship, and those who take an honest pride in 
the children of their hands and brain, to go 
and see this exhibition at Camberwell. 


THE sixth meeting of the Royal Institute of 
British Architects for the present session 
was held on Monday evening, the President, Mr. 
T. E. Collcutt in the chair. The reading of 
papers on " Marbles," by such an artist and such 
an expert as Sir L. Alma Tadema and Mr. 
William Brindley, and the award of prizes for 
the past session drew together a crowded attend- 
ance of members and students, very many of 
whom had to stand throughout the evening. The 
hon. secretary, Mr. A. Graham, F.S.A., 
announced that the Institute had lost an old friend 
and a kind wellwisher in the person of Lieut. - 
Colonel Lenox Prendergast, who had died at the 
age of seventy-six. Elected as Hon. Associate in 
1878, Colonel Prendergast had ever evinced a 
lively interest in the work, and when standing 
committees were established he was one of the 
tr.'st appointed on that for literature. His know- 
ledge of architecture and his desire to extend the 
usefidness of their library, more particmlarly on 
the side of Classic Revivalism, of which the 
Colonel was an earnest student, were very marked. 
He took an active part in their discussions. On 
the motion of Mr. Graham, a vote of condolence 
with the widow and family, and expressive of the 
members' appreciation of Col. Prendergast's 
efforts to encourage the study of architecture as 
one of the line arts, was passed in silence. 


Two papers on this subject were read. In the 
first. Sir L. Tadema, O.M., R.A.. the 
Royal Gold Medallist of last year, dealt with the 
ancient employment of the material. 

Discussing the earliest use of marble in build- 
ings, he remarked that, setting aside the sculptured 
slabs at Nineveh, he had been unable to discover 
where marble was first used for decoration. 
.Judging from the discoveries at Pompeii, its use 
went hack to great antirinity. In the house of 
Salustius many painted imitations of marble .slabs 
and dadoes are to be seen. Very precious marbles 
were put to common use in Pompeii. He had 
found, in quite ordinary houses, bronze door- 
sockets lot into rough blocks of Oriental alabaster, 
evidently remnants of a marble-mason's work- 
shop. The only marble columns he recollected in 
Pompeii were some unlinishcd ones in the new 
bath which was being built when the town was 
buried, and some in the Temple of Venus and 
Rome, also in course of erection. He remembered 
only one marble public fountain in the streets of 

Pompeii, the one behind the oldest bath ; but 
the sculptured heads for the outlet of the water 
are more often in that material. The tloors are 
mostly of marble, either slabs or mosaic, and 
many impluvia in the richer houses are covered 
with white marbles, as are some of the altars and 
pedestals in and near the Forum. One of the 
finest bits of marble in Pompeii was the door- 
frame of the house of Eumachia, now in the 
Naples Museum. In Pompeii marble was also 
largely used for funeral monuments, but always 
as a veneer over brick or concrete, proving that it 
was a costly material. 


obtained great dexterity in applying thin slabs of 
marble, and saved the m,aterial itself greatly. This 
way of utilising marble had a considerable influ- 
ence upon the form of the mouldings, in most 
instances the slabs being applied to the bed of 
cement in such inclination as the body of the 
moulding required, the moulding becoming sub- 
servient to the thickness of the slab. In Rome, 
during the Republic, marble was most luxuri- 
ously used. Julius Ca'sar found a successfvU way 
of replenishing the Treasury by levying a tax on 
marble columns. The author cited some descrip- 
tions in Mazois' ''Palace of Scaurus " to illus- 
trate the luxury of marble in Rome at the end of 
the Republic, and went on to quote Lanciani's 
description of the landing-stage for marble near 
the Campus Martius. built in the reign of 
Augustus, and discovered some twenty yeai's ago 
when the course of the river was being recti- 
fied. Wealthy patricians and personal friends 
of Augustus covered the Campus Martius 
with colossal constructions of marble. Having 
referred to the painting of their marble 
buildings by the tireeks and Etruscans, the 
author stated that marble found its highest 
development, perhaps, in Byzantine architecture, 
when painting was replaced by mosaic, and when 
colour reigned supreme ; then the outside of the 
buildings had become severe and simple, and the 
richness of days gone by found its place in the 
interior. In the best times of Roman architecture 
those overwrought Corinthian capitals and 
cornices, with undercutting and overcarving, look 
more like lacework than architecture, and make 
us wonder. They are a marvel of workmanship, 
and had considerable value in the Italian sun- 
shine ; the white marble being transparent, the 
shadows became warmed by light as well as by 
reflection. When used for interior work nothing 
is finer, nothing more precious, nothing more 
wonderful, than a well-adjusted and well-disposed 
marble decoration. It is so clean and bright, so 
solid and never harsh or unpleasant, provided it 
be applied by a man of taste. 


was discussed by Mr. William Brindley, F.G.S., 
F.U.JI.S., in the second paper read, this being 
illustrated by a largo number of photographs of 
buildings and a feA" models, and by some large 
slabs of beautifully marked varieties of this ornate 
material. Mr. Biundley lamented the fact that 
the bulk of the money spent in marble in this 
country should go to foreign manufacturei's and 
workmen. Wo have in this cnuntry many excel- 
lent maibles, and if it were not for foreign compe- 
tition, with cheap labour and low freights, against 
our high railway rates, many of the marble rocks 
now dormant would be worked to the advantage 
of the land pi'oprietors and the workmen. The 
ability of the (ireeks to work marble seems to 
run in the blood : they cut it with as much ease 
and freedom as masons hero do soft stone. They 
execute long fluted columns from blocks lying on 
the ground, with no more setting out than a circle 
described at each end. They are now equally 
good at quarrying. All this skill has been 
acfjuired within the last generation. Dealing 
with the .sources of supply, the author said that 
the produce of white marble at Carrara almost 
supplies the civilised world. The ancient quarries 
of verde antico in Thessalv are turning out im- 
mense quantities of splendid sound material of 
every kind that is to be found in the old buildings 
of Rome and Constantinople. Of late years many 
important monoliths have been quarried and used 
in England — blocks can be got as large as these 
used in St. Sophia, ('onstantinople. The old 
Carystian quarries of cipollino. on the island of 
Eubd'a, ha\'e produced during the last few years 
over a hundred monoliths of large size. The 
noblest coloured marble the world has ever known 
(imperial Egyptian porphyry of Mons Porphy- 
rites) remains unworked. There is any amount 

of material remaining, and the author offered al: 
the assistance in his power to anyone having an 
honest desire to rework these unique quarries. 
Coming to 


the author said that within the last few years a. 
large number of coloured monoliths, extracted 
from at least eighteen different quarries, have' 
been used in important buildings, chiefly by 
Fellows of the Institute. When selected and 
appropriately used as supporting columns they 
have the same impressive dignity as those remain- 
ing in Rome, Constantinople. i:c. Monoliths of rich 
marble used as architraves in large doorways or 
openings are always effective. Where boldly- 
figured marble is used, the mason's horizontal 
joint sometimes destroys the continuance of the 
coloured pattern. The author suggested the 
adoption of mitre-jointing in such cases, and in 
small works like mouldings round panels in monu- 
ments fixed on a slab. As regards 


of buildings in white marble, if cost is no con- 
sideration there is no difliculty, for the marble 
would then be used as any good building stone : 
and it the material is properly selected the work 
would be as lasting. If economy is desired, the 
Italian method of built brickwork, with marble 
slab casing, is a good one. The slab for bond and 
surface need not be more than 3in. thick, and 
even less will make good, durable work by using 
ashlar courses — say, of 12in. or loin, high — 
slightly projected, over 3in. bond courses. 
Another method for a good town house would be 
a brick building with white marble facing in 
which plaques of porphyry and colour were 
inserted. For marble work in London simple 
mouldings would save cost ; small detail soon gets 
filled with soot. Cleaning of marble buildings 
must be done with caution ; two or three methods 
now in use destroy the silicised surface, which is 
a preservative. Discussing 


the author said the demand has so increased that I 
it now pays to manufacture them out of block 
slab. There is much demand for tiles about a foot 
square, or more, of verde antico, Greek cipollino, 
and breccias. A pattern made with either of these 
and white is effective. A white or a black tile 
floor of difl'erent shapes forming a pattern by 
jointing only always makes a quiet, effective floor. 
Thin tiles of marble can be prepared for walls, to 
be used for the same purpose as encaustic ones are 
now used, and fixed by ordinary workmen in the ^ 
usual way. Stone staircases to dark ofiices would : 
be improved by white risers of tiles or slips of . 
marble. The author suggested some improvement i 
in the design and treatment of j 



and went on to sketch the employment of marble 1 
in sepulchral art and memorial mon\mients from ' 
Greek times down to the present day. Many good 1 
monuments have been designed by architects, and ; 
appropriately thought out, tofitthem unobtrusively ' 
for the buildings in which they have been placed. ; 
The author expressed regret that this country im« ; 
ports annually thousands oi tons of ready-made ^ 
monuments in marble and granite for cemeteries ; 
and churchyards, most of them void of artistic 
character of any sort. The present advance in the 
use of marble as a decorative material for import- ,: 
ant buildings may be considered to have com- 
menced about .3.1 years ago with the building of, 
M. Garnier's Paris t)pera House. The marble^ 
decoration of this edifice is still one of the sighisb 
of that city. Discussing I 


in Purbeck and other marbles belonging to the 
country, the author said that our English 
alabaster is a very useful material for intcrioi 
decorative work ; but it should not be used where^ 
it would be exposed to a heat of over 200" Fahrj 
It was especially adapted for the walls anoj 
opei-ating-rooms "of hospitals, as it is not actec 
upon by ordinary acids. As examples of very 
successful marble wall-hnings, Sir L. Alma 
Tadema's studio was cited, and the beautifu 
church of Charlemagne, at Aix-Ia-Charelle, 
recently cased with marble ar.d exceptional!; 
well done, being covered all over with slabs o 
light-coloured cipollino in the handsomest wa. 
imaginable. The author considered that marbl 
wiis now being used in aiclitecture in a bioadi 
and mure dignified manner tlcin was general! 
done thirty ycais ago. The nearer we keep 

Jan. 25, 1907. 



working ms the Romans did, with as few colours 
as possible, the healthier will be the effert 
obtained. Young men should make notes of 
marble colour combination they see, not only of 
old work, but of new, if only to know what to 

A vote of thanks to the lecturer was proposed 
by Mr. .1. .1. Birxet, A. U.S.A., Glasgow, who 
referred to the deep erudition and scholarly attain- 
ments of Sir L. Alma-Tadema, and to the enor- 
mous stores of practical knowledge of fjuarries 
and materials of infinite variety of (piality and 
colour possessed by Jlr. I'.rindley. 

This was seconded by llr. Hi gii Stanxis, who 
said the use of marble divided itself into two 
branches — the useof monochromeandof variegated 
marbles. In the first category, that of the em- 
ployment of marble all of one colour as a building 
stone, came the magnificent work executed by the 
(ireeks in the golden-hued Pentellic marble and 
the [Hire white material quarried at Carrara. 
Under the second head, the use of variegated and 
figured marbles, he deprecated the adoption of 
(lutings and mouldings on such materials, which 
vulgarised the effect. Sir Lawrence had spoken 
well of the use of marble in Pompeii, but the 
speaker had never seen more shocking work 
than in that ruined city. He congratulated Jlr. 
Brindley on his acumen and indomitable per- 
severance in searching out and rediscovering the 
ancient quarries of marble. Mr. Brindley had 
laid the treasures of the metamorphosed rocks at 
the feet of modern architects, and was further- 
more able to advise professional men on the wear- 
ing ([ualities and power of resistance to heat and 
moisture of every class of material. In the present 
generation they had seen a wonderful advance in 
the use of marbles in this country for theatres, 
restaurant.-;, public buildings, and great business 
houses, and, like Xero, the modern architect 
could boast that he found the city of brick, and 
would leave it of marble. 

The motion was supported by Mr. Auxiiuu H. 
Keed, of Cipetown and Johannesburg, the Insti- 
tute's hon. secretary for South Africa. 

The President, in putting to the meeting the 
vote of thanks, which was adopted by acclamii- 
tion, remarked that marbles were often spoiled in 
effect by over-polishing. JIany materials look 
much better with a very light polish, or even none 
whatever. An instance in point of this fault was 
the restored Purbcck shafts in the west front of 
Salisbury Cathedral ; the old ones still looked 
grey, but those replaced had been so highly 
polished that with exposure to weather they 
turned black. If used for external work, marbles 
soon lost their beauty in this country, and no 
marble used for outside work in London compared 
with the delicious colour acquired by Portland 
stone, as for example in the south front of Somerset 

Sir L. -Vlma-Tadema, in acknowledging the 
resolution, said over-polished marble could easily 
be mistaken for slate painted to resemble the 
latter material. He believed in polishing marble 
us little as possible. 

Mr. BiiixuLEv concurred with both the last 
speakers on the question of polish for marble. In 
Athens, and indeed throughout Greece, he only 
knew of three works where the marble wa"s 

The President announced that the Council had 
tliat day made the following 


for the session 190G-7 : — 

TnE IxsTixiTE Silver Medal and Twevty- 
KIVE Gi-iXEAs FOE EssAVs. [Subject: "The In- 
lluence of the Ise of Iron and Steel on Modern 
Architectural Design."]— That submitted under 
? ,, r ,, ^'■^ -ises," by Victor D. Horsburgh, i 
A.K.I.H.A., X',, Rutland-square, Edinburgh. Cer- I 
tifieateof Hon. Mention t. " Fonte," A. Halcrow 
Swstage, A.R.I.B.A., Godalming. (Six essavs I 
received under mottoes.) 

The iNSTiTtTE Silver Medal antj Tex Glixeas ' 
TOE Drawings. [Subject: " .Measured I 
*K I'^n' ^"'•'^'■'Ss in the United Kingdom or [ 
Abroad. ']—TheCouncil were uuable, to their regret, 
t> award the medal ; but awarded Certificates ot 
Hon. Mention to " Waynfiete," R. Wvnn Oweu, 
b>, Castle-»treet, Liverpool, for drawings of 
Magdalen College, Oxford; and to "Swallow," 
Uavid Robertson, Huntly - terrace. Kelviuside 
uk •u*^''^^""'' ^'"' drawings of Stoke Castle, 
hhropshure. (Sis sets of strainers received.) 

The Soaxf. Medallion axd £103 for Cox- 
TraE.VTAL Travel. [Subject: " Design for a Large 
l^ty Hotel facing a public siuare."!—" Cameo,' 
Harold C.ioper. A.R.I. B.A., 21, Oaklev-cresceut, 
t-helsea, b.\y. Certificate of hon, mention and 

extra prize of ten guineas each to "Simplex," 
Anthony R, Barker, Greeiihill. Harrow-on-Hill ; 
and to " l^rn," .Alfred John Pitcher, Launceston, 
Lindon-road, Worcester Park. (Fifteen sets of 
strainers sent in.) 

The Owen JoN-ES SriTDENTSHir : Certificate and 
£100 (tor travel and study in colour). — .Arthur R. H. 
.Tackson, Royal College of Art, South Kensington. 
(Two candidates.) 

The PutiiN SiuDEXTSHir : Silver Medal and ,£40 
(for travel in the I'nited Kingdom). — A. J. Marget- 
son, 1, Gordon-road, Handsworth, Birmingham. 
Three candidates. 

The TiTE Prize : Certificate ajd .£:10 (for travel 
in Italy). [Subject ' " Design (according to the 
Principles of Palladio, Vignola, Wren, or Chambers) 
for a loggia for sculpture to screen the blank end, 
l.iOft. long, of a building."] Prize augmented this 
year by £20, the time of travel to be extended from 
four to six weeks. — " Vignola," G. Salway Xicol, 
A.R.I.B..\., King's Court, 117, Colmore-row, Bir- 
mingham. Hon. certificate of mention, " Nisi," 
P. Napier Hemy, Hampton House, Phicnix-street, 
N.W. (Twenty-one sets sent in.) 

The AETiirR Cates Prize : 40 guineas. — W. W. 
J. Calthrop, Risegate, Farncombe, Surrey. (Three 

The Geissell Gold Medal and 10 guineas (for 
design and construction). [Subject : " Design fur a 
grand stand constructed of timber on a racecourse."] 
An additional ten guineas was awarded this session 
to "Royal Ascot," W. A. Mellon, 3 Great College- 
street, Westminster. (Four sets received.) 

-AsHriTEL Prize of books to the value of £10, 
awarded to J. T. Halliday, ot Stockport, as the 
student who distinguished himself most highly m 
the Final Examinations held during the year. 

The Council further reported that they had 
approved of the work executed in their travels by 
Walter S. George, the Soane Medallist for 1906 : by 
G. Drysdale, the Pugin Student ; by H. Jnigo 
Trigg, the l-Todwin Bursar : and by Charles (ias- 
coigne, the Owen Jones student. 


THE following contributions have been received 
or promised in response to the President's 
(Mr. CoUcutt's) appeal issued last November. The 
list is still open, and further subscriptions or 
donations will be gratefully receivt'd and acknow- 
ledged by the hon. treasurer : — 


.\bercrombie. T. G £1 1 

Aikman. W.A 110 

Allen, Theophilus — 

'.\llfrey, E. W 3 ... — 

'Anderson, Sir R. Rowand. T.L.D. 5 5 ... — 
.Anonymous (per Mr T. E. Cjllcutt^ 10 ... — 

Anonymous 10 ... — 

'.Vshbfidse. .\rthnr 10 10 . — 

Ball. .1. Henry — 2 2 

Birlow, W. T — .,110 

Barry, C. E — ...110 



2 2 

Barton, J. I, 
Bateman, C. E. 

'Benwell, J. W 1 1 

Blow, DetmarJ 1 1 

Bond, A. G — 

Bond, G. E. 1 1 

Borrowm*in. J. J. 10 10 

Brcalev, J. T — 

Brooks, C. W 1 1 

Buckland. H. T — 

'Burnett. .J. J., A.R.S.A 5 5 

Burr. Alfred — 

Butler, C, M.C.A — 

-Cackett. J. J 5 5 

-Chifholm, R. F — 

•Chubb. J. B — 

Coldwell. E.B — 

Cule, G. H. Vernon 1 1 

"CoUcutt, T. E 10 10 

"Collins, Mr. E — 

"Collier, R. W 1 1 

Cooper, Vk'm — 

Crimp. A. J — 

•Crai^, ^'iucent — 

-Cnckmay. G. R — 

Currey, Peicival 4 i 

1 1 


1 1 
1 1 

1 1 
1 1 

1 1 
1 1 

I 1 
1 I 
1 1 

Davidson, James . 

Dawstn, C. J — 

'Davies, D 5 

Dunkerley, F. B — 

Dunn, James B — 

Dunn, W , and Watson R. 2 2 

Eocles, T. E — 

* Elliott, Thomas — 

'Emersjn, Sir William 5 5 

Es>ex, Oliver — 

Far'iuharson, H — 

Fiddaoian. W. A. M — 

Fisher, F.J 110 

Flockhart, Wm — 

Forbes and Tate (per Mi-. R. 8. 

Wilkinion) — 

Ford, 8 — 

•Freeman, F — 

Fryers, A. J 

'Georve, Ernest 5 .> 

Gordon arid GualoQ (per Mx. K. 8. 

Wilkinson — 

*Gray^on and Oald — 

'Gretnop, Elwaid 110 


10 6 
U 10 6 

1 1 

Dona- Subscrip- 

tions, tions. 

Grepsr and Detmar £1 10. — 

Grucby, C. de (per Mr. H. 8. 

Wilkinson) — ... £10 

*Haieh and ThompBon 110.. — 

Holbrook, A. J 2 2 0.. — 

'Hamp, Stanley H 3 ... — 

Hoolo, E — ... 10 6 

'Hcrsley. G. C — ... 1 1 

How. W. Murthwait ,.. — ... 10 6 

Huckvale. W ;." — ... o 10 G 

Humphreys-Davie, G ; 1 1 o . — 

Hunt, A G. — . . 10 6 

'Insrelow, Benj 3 3 ... — 

Johnson, Philip M — ... 1 1 

Jones, H. E — ...110 

Jones, R. P — ... 1 1 

Lawson and Reynolds — ... 10 6 

Lcidbitter. T. G 5 5 ... — 

•Lohr, C. H 1 1 ... — 

Lonmer, R. 8., A.R.S.A — ... 3 3 

■ Loveffrove, Henry 3 3 ... — 

'MoKellar, J. C — ... 3 3 

Manning, G. H — ... 10 6 

•Mawson, T. H — ... 1 1 

M'Donell, J. J — ...110 

•Mileham, C. H. M — ... 1 1 

Milne, W. 110.. — 

Moiham. Robert 110.110 

Morris, E. P 10 8 ... — 

Munford, W. D. T 1 1 ... 1 1 

Murray, J. L n 10 6 .:. — 

Nash, W. Hilton (Hon. Tieaturer) 5 5 ... — 

Nash, W. James — ... 1 1 

Xutt. .\.V 10 6 ... — 

( lldham, Roger — ... 10 t> 

Hiswell, A. E, L — ... 1 1 

•Oliver I.«eson and Wood — ... 1 1 

(>wen, Joseph — ... 1 1 

Owen, Segar ; — ... 1 1 

Fattinson. Joseph — ... 1 1 

Peag, H. Carter - ... 1 1 

Pither, F. L. — ... 10 6 

Penman, L. D — ... 1 1 

' Plumbe and Harvey, Rowland 5 5 ... — 

■Poole, W.C 1 1 ... — 

Prentice, A. N 3 3 ... — 

Pridmore, Albert E 5 5 ... — 

Pye. J. Bramley — ... C 10 « 

Rake and Cogswell — ... 1 1 

Roberts, B. L 10 6 

Robinson, Marshall 5 5 ... 1 1 

Roberts, F. W. (per Mr. H. Dare 

Bryan) — ... 1 1 

Rowell, James 10 6 .. — 

Runton, Percy T 1 1 ... 1 1 

•Ryde, Frank C 5 5 ... — 

Scott, C. M. O — ... 1 1 

Scorer, G. O — ... 10 6 

Sedding, E. H — ... 10 

•Seward, E 1 1 ... — 

Sharpe, R. P — ... 10 l> 

Simpson, Jonathan — ... 1 1 

Smart, Henry C — ... 2 2 

"Society of Architects (Winchester 

Excursion) 1 11 2 ... — 

'Smith, T.H 5 5 ... — 

•Snell, H — ... 1 1 

Spire, Jos 1 1 ... — 

Strang, James 1 1 ... — 

Sudbury, H 10 6 ... — 

Sutherland, E. W 10 6 ... — 

"Taylor, A. E 1 1 ... — 

Taylor, A. J : — ... 10 G 

Taylor, Sam 1 1 ... — 

Thomas, A. H — ... 10 6 

Thomas, J. M 10 6 ... — 

Thomas, R. Welling — ... 2 2 

Toye, E. J — ... 10 6 

Tubbs, C. B.. andMesser, A. A.... — ... 1 1 

Unsworth, W. F., and Son — .110 

Walker, Percy — . . 10 6 

Wardle, J. W — .110 

•Webb, Sir .\ston, R.A — ... 2 2 

Webster, James , 110.. — 

"White, William Henry 110. — 

Whitlock, — ... 10 « 

Widdows, G. H — .110 

Wilhams, .James — ... 1 

Whitaker, E. M — ... 1 1 

Woodhouse, John H — ... 1 1 

Watson, A. F — ... 1 1 

Wood, A. C — ... 1 1 

Total £1«9 8 2' £103 4 6 

" Denotes contribution in add'tion to donations for- 
merly given or subaciiptions for the current year. 

I 1 

1 1 

2 2 
1 1 

3 3 

1 1 

2 2 
U 10 (°> 
1 1 

2 2 


THE twelfth annual exhibition of the Society 
of Miniatuie Painters has j ust opened in the 
Modern Gallery, 61, New Bond-street, W., and 
is characterised by a considerable advance upon 
that of Last year. Certainly there is a general 
tendency towards insipidity of expression and 
stiffness of pose ; but these relics of the time when 
miniaturists were being developed from the photo- 
graphic retouchers aie balanced by many fine 
paintings displaying broader treatment, and 
obviously taken direct from life. There are, 
loo, a lew eccentricities, though, as a rule, the 
sitters must have been specially selected for 
youth and beauty, as many of the faces are 
exceptional in these respects. This applies, 
perhaps, most particularly to No. IS, '• Por- 
trait of Mrs, Mullens," by Annie G. Fletcher. 
one of the sweetest light-toned colour bar- 



Tax. 25, 1907. 

monies ever rendered upon ivorv. The three 
exhibits by Mr. E. C. Haig, Ni>s. 20 to 31, 
display an unnecessary amount of mannerism, 
and should more properly be termed studies for 
heads which are to form part of subject pictures. 
In each case a mere passing expression has been 
seized, such as needs surroundings to ex]ilain it. 
Mr. H. C. Lintott, in Nos. ni to ;')7, contributes 
a fine series, exhibiting imusually broad treatment 
of effect, combined with high Knish and a 
good sense of colour. Ho has the power of making 
his figui'es stand out from the ivory in a stereo- 
scopic manner which is a rare quality in por- 
traitists. Madame G. Debillemont-Chardon. in 
Nos. 91 to 94, depends more upon her framing for 
her result than upon the bioaJth of treatment 
which originally made her reputation. Tn- 
fortunatoly this has deteriorated into mannerism, 
and an attempt to produce a picture rather than a 
portiait. Of the exhibits by non-members. No. 
1.38, "A Kaffir Woman,'' by Lillie Stein, is most 
prominently noticeable, the subject being unusual, 
and permitting of the use of rich and varied 
colour, particularly in the bead neclilace, of which 
full advantage has been taken. No. 14:i, "A 
Portrait," by K. E. Figgis, is also good, although 
sad; while No. 1.54, "The Shepherd's Friend," 
by P. Noble, is one of the few paintings of 
animals, a collie's head b(>ing drawn in a manner 
faithful to life, and treated in bold line. ^Vnother 
painting of a dog is No. 20S, " Toby," by B. C. 
Smallfield. This also is a collie, and the body is 
good, but the head is out of drawing, and there is 
too great a sameness of tone. 


A MOST sumptuous record of this inter- 
national contest among the architects of 
the world is being published under the direction 
of the Society of Architecture at Amsterdam. 
The first part has already been issued, price 
10s. 6d. ; Imt orders are only accepted for the 
eight parts constituting the completed work, in 
which, besides the six premiated designs, illus- 
trations will be included of forty of the unsuc- 
cessful Ones, among which, by the way, some of 
the best schemes submitted are to be found ; such is 
the irony of the competition business. The plates 
will number 76 sheets 19in. by 14Jin., and will 
comprise more than one hundred drawings, most 
of which are highly elaborate, and nearly all of 
them unquestionably rank as exquisite examples 
of draughtsmanship, well reprcduced in reduced 
facsimile. The volume will mclude, besides these 
plates, a history of the Carnegie foundation of 
the Peace Palace, the l^etter of Foundation, 
the conditions of the competition, the Report of 
the International jiu-y, and short biographical 
notes on the chosen architects, and particulars of 
their works. Messrs. John Belcher, H. T. Hare, 
Uussell and Cooper, and Wills, Anderson, and 
Cotman are the only Engli-^h architects whose 
designs arc included among the forty-six chosen 
for illustration. The work will bo completed 
during the summer of 1907. A group photograph 
of the jury greatly adds to the interest of the pub- 
lication. The President of tlie Koval Institute of 
British Architects, Mr. T. " E. Collcutt, 
F.R.I.B.A., is seen seated next the i:hairman, the 
Hon. A. P. C. V. Kamabeek, Member of the 
"House of Commons," and ex-Minister for 
Foreign Affairs. There were six architect 
members of the committee of judges, including 
Mr. Collcutt, lyuudon : Dr. Cuijpors, Amsterdam ; 
Mr. E. von Ihne, Berlin ; Professor C. Kunig. 
Vienna ; M. Ncnot, Paris : and Mr. W. R. 
Ware, Now ^'ork. Their awards were the 
result of majority votes, some of the de- 
cisions being by bare majorities. ( )ne hundred 
and sixteen designs were submitted. The first 
prize was awarded to Mr. E. M. Cordonnicr, 
of Lille, and wc illustrated his design and 
also the poi-trait of the author in the Brii.nixc 
News for May IS, 11)06, immediately following 
on the announcement of the award. M. A. 
Marcel, of Paris, was placed second ; Mr. F. 
Wendt, of Charlottenbnrg, third ; Mr. O. Wagner, 
of Vienna, fourth ; ilessrs. Howard tireenley, 
and H. S. Olin. of New York, fifth : and the 
sixth prize was given to Mr. F. Schwcchter, of 
Berlin. No Engli.shman was thought worthy of 
a prize or even a place of merit. Four of" the 
premiated architects belimged to the number of 
names specially invited by thi' committee to 
compete ; hut the reader is not informed, in this 
record, who those thus inviteil were. The 
donor. Dr. Andrew Carnegie, has his portrait 
as the frontispiece to the part under notice. 

Tho work is being issued in several languages 
simultaneously, and Messrs. T. C. and E. C. 
.lack, of Henrietta-street, Co vent-garden, and 
Ijdinburgh, are entrusted with the publication 
of the English edition, designed for the I'nited 
Kingdom and British Colonies. The two schemes 
illustrated in the folio before us are those awarded 
the first and second prizes. We understand that 
the selected design is now to be carried out. The 
proposal is remarkably well drawn, and the main 
elevation is given in colour, delicately -tinted and 
artistically rendered. It would be mere affecta- 
tion, howe\'er, on our part to pretend that we 
admire the design for which the jury recorded a 
majority vote, because, in our judgment, the 
award was most unsatisfactory in every way. 
The report says : " The design is an attractive 
one. Its author has considered that, inasmuch 
as The Hague has been chosen as the permanent 
seat of the Court of Arbitration, the building 
should in style follow the local traditions of IGth- 
century architecture. These considerations finally 
prevailed with the majority of the jury." We 
can only say that the decision was most \mfortu- 
nate in the interest of architecture, though we can 
quite believe that popular taste will be convinced 
by its bizarre and exti'avagant details. The get- 
up of this folio leaves little to be desired, and 
its wide margins give it distinction. Probably 
abroad it may be in demand ; but we can hardly 
presume that many private purchasers will be 
found in this country, though every art library 
should ai'quire a copy, if onl)' as an instance of 
what had best be avoided in the way of compe- 
tition awards. 




Tl'ST a few more lines upon the above ere 
we leave it, intent upon spending a short 
time amidst quite dijferent surroundings to those 
dwelt upon in preceding chapters. It is on record 
that when, in 1G.3G, New York was laid out as a 
city, its few thoroughfares were exceedingly 
crooked, and, all told, only possessed 120 houses, 
each of the latter built in the midst of a garden 
allotment. The main street was then named by the 
Dutch Heere Straate — i.e., "(Treat Highway." 
Years later, when straightened and lengthened, 
it was known as the Broad Way. These two 
words have since been combined into one, and 
the world-renowned artery in question now is, as 
all are aware, Broadway. 

It is within the remembrance of most readers 
that, some years ago. Hell-gate, a rock that 
greatly impeded and interfered \\ith the safety of 
navigation in New York's'bour, was blown 
up. ' Its name, to English ears, is by no manner 
of means suggestive of earthly beauty, and yet, 
as a matter of fact, it was its lovely surroundings 
that won for it its original designation — " Helle- 
gaat." The early settlers fi'om Holland thus 
named it, the composite word in their own 
tongue meaning "Beautiful .Strait." JIaybo in 
turn the little Norwegian town of Hell has 
been so termed without the remotest suggestion 
that any affinity existed between it and the Stygian 
Creek ': Those who, lilce myself, have \isited this 
pretty little village, nestled as it is amidst the rocks 
at the mouth of the Stjordalselv, some twenty miles 
fromTrondhjen, with a railway station all to itself 
upon the Norges Stat.sbaner (the direct line con- 
necting X'orway's famous old city with Stock- 
holm), have no doubt often wondered how ever it 
acquired so dreadfully ugly a name. Does any 
reader happen to know what the word Ile/l means 
in the Scandinavian language ':■ 

And now, bidding New York and its sky- 
scrapers adieu, let us cross the Hudson Ferry, and. 
arriving at New Jersey, entrain for 


This is one of tho popular sea-bathing resorts 
of the New Y(U-kcrs, situated a distance about 110 
miles from their city, and is reached by numerous 
f:ist trains, all of them doing the distance under 
the three hours. But it is still more closely in 
touch with Philadelphia, which is only sixty 
miles away. These are covered in just over the 
hour by some of the most luxuriant parlour-cars 
in the world. Hence the popular watering-place 
stands to the " City of Brotherly Love" almost 
precisely as Brigliton doos to London. 

.\tlantic City is comparatively of mushroom 
growth. Less than forty years ago its site was 
naught but a sand-dune. Even when I spent a 
few happy weeks there a quarter of a century ago 

it was a very third-rate place of seaside resort. It 
stands upon a perfectly fiat island, and to-day 
the city has a resident population of )!s,(iOO souls, 
which, by the immense confiux of visitors during 
the season, is increased to 200,000. The soil 
being pure sand, the latter absorbs and drains away 
moisture quickly ; whilst an admirable system of 
public sanitation is maintained. An ample supply 
of water is obtained from artesian wells. The city 
is well lighted by electricity, and tramcars worked 
through the same medium run in every direction. 
Its one weak point seems to be its roads — these are 
abominable. An hour's steady rain renders them 
a veritable quagmire of black, sandy mud, and to 
cross under such circumstances means getting 
over the shoe-tops in dirt. 

It is curious that bad roads are characteristics of 
diversotherwise well-appointed cities in the States. 
Those of us who were at Chicago during the 
World's Fair flS93) will never forget the Sloughs 
of Despond that faced folks there in all directions. 
It was a common sight to see waggons up to the 
hubs of their wheels in slush. Well do I 
remember a poor Frenchman, with whom I had 
just crossed the Atlantic, stands in one of its main 
avenues over the boot-tops in muck, and as he 
looked disgustedly around, ciied pitifully : 
" Oh, men Dieu, have 1 left my beautiful Paree 
for dis — for dis ! " It is odd that many Americans 
do not seem to fully realise this great defect. 
"What mud! " I remarked to a worthy U.S. 
citizen, as we waded together one wet day, over the 
wretched roads of his own particular township. 
"My dear friend, we never see such disgraceful 
neglect as this in any part of England." His 
totally unexpected yet honest answer was : "lam 
glad to know it. (iood roads are a sure sign of 
a country's decay. Rome constructed splendid 
ones, and she fell ; England, in turn, is falling 
too ! It is typical of life and vitality in a young 
countrv, when her trade is prosperous and she 
can erect buildings second to none. We can afford 
to leave roads alone ; they come last." 

Atlantic City is cut off from the mainland by 
several inlets. It was in crossing one of these by 
the wooden viaduct spanning the Thoroughfare 
Creek that, upon t)ctoher 2.S last, an ill-fated fast 
train fi'om Philadelphia, running over the Penn- 
sylvania electric line, pitched bodily into the 
stream below. Of the ninety-one passengers it 
contained only twenty-five escaped with their 
lives, and nearly all of these were seriously- 

After an exhaustive inquiry into the cause of 
this terrible catiistrophe, the verdict returned by the 
jury rthe latter end of last November) was that the 
accident was directly due to the bridge pointsman 
signalling all clear, when, in reality, the tracks 
were not properly aligned. This man stated that 
the rails buckled at times, that he had frequently 
to hammer them back into place, and had recei\'ed 
instructions, if they twisted again, to shorten 
them. The second cause was found to be an 
entire absence of the customary guard-rails. 
Had the latter been there, in all probability the 
train would never have left the bridge. It was 
these most fatal omissions that resulted in such a 
dreadful sacrifice of human life. 

All the streets of Atlantic City are laid out in 
regular blocks, and at right angles to one another. 
The Board Walk, as it is termed, in rough and 
ready Yankee parlance, runs immediately in front 
of the ocean. This great and wondrous prO" 
menade is as lively as is the Digue at Ostend in < 
the height of the latter's season. Tlie original 
Board Walk was entirely destroyed during a great 
storm that visited the coast in September. 1SS9. 
But the go-ahead inhabitants — for Americans * 
know no obstacles — almost immediately rebuilt it, 
larger, stronger, and longer than ever, at a then 
outlav of some i;30,000, extending it along i 
the 'front further than, to a total of j. 
five miles in length. Since then, still further ! 
extensions have been caiTied out, and this pier 
upon land (if 1 may so term it) now runs some 
nine miles, witliDut a break, to Longport, whicli is 
situated at the southern extremity of the island. It 
is raised upon steel posts 12ft. above the love! of the 
sand — these uprights being bracketed out on 
their inner sides to the metal girders much on the 
same lines as overhead railways are constructed. 
The promenade is 40ft. wide for a great part of 
the distance, although several miles of th-3 southern 
extension (towards Longport) are somewhat 
narrower. The whole route is planked by deal 
boards, laid with almost quarter-decked regularity. 
Upon the roailway by its side open electric tram- 
cars travel frequently and ijuicldy, the nominal 
charge of fivepence defraying the entire distance. 

Jan. 25, 1907, 



THP: M.\ELB0E0UGH-BLEXHEIM hotel, ATr,AXTIi' CITY, U.S.A.— EitErTEii 19()(i. 

liy this a most delightful panorama — sea on one 
iiand and land on the otlier — may he enjoyed. 
The sea. in the shape of huge rollers, breaks 
ronstantly upon the sand, but rarely reaches 
the present supports of this promenade, so prob- 
abilities of a catastrophe such as the former 
one are now reduced to a minimum. Whilst 
the shops and private residences in the city are 
on a par with the usual run of houses in wooden 
Transatlantic cities, the detached villas that crowd 
the outskirts are in the majority of instances 
cleverly designed and quaintly picturesque in 
their general grouping. Wooden shingles for 
rooting are greatly in evidence, and are also 

From an architectural point of view the great 
attraction in Atlantic City is undoubtedlj- its 
immense hotels — huge can»vanseries that mostly 
range at intervals along the ocean frontage. I 
give an illustration of the largest and most 
recently erected one. It is known as the Marl- 
borough-Blenheim. In Iront of the picture may 
be seen a portion of the Board Walk and the 
sea itself. Designed by a masterly hand, it has 
been built by an enterprising speculator named 
White, at a cost of something over i'JOO.OOO, and 
claims to afford ample accommodation for 2,000 
resident visitors. Erected of a yellowish tinted 
concrete, upon what is known as the Kahn 

intensified by the artistic grouping of the flower- 
beds, amongst which luxuriant semi-tropical 
foliage luxuriates, interspersed by bright scarlet 
floweis, the colouring of the latter adding greatly 
to the picture. As a rule, all other hotels are 
entirely of wood. These are painted upon their 
exteriors, with much taste ; sometimes a pure white. 
others are amber. The window - frames and 
shutters are generally green. Kxternally, thesi' 
places are really things of delight to gaze npon : 
whilst within, almost in\-ariably, they are fitted 
up and furnished right regally. ''^'^F% 

Nextto the llarlborough-Blenheim, the Rudolph, 
with its 400 bedrooms, is, perhaps, the largest of 


Every House seen is Built Entirely of Timber. 


used for the entire external covering of many 
residences. Everj- house possesses— facing sea- 
ward—its shady stoup or covered balcony. As a 
rule, the exteriors are boarded horizontally, but, 
occasionally they are planked perpendicularly. 
It is seldom the same design is repeated any- 
where, and every house is artistically painted with 
bright colour. The basements are usually of 
brick, but rubble is also (but not often)', in 
evidence. The chimneys are, of course, invariably 
of brick— otherwise, as a rule, every house is 
entirely built of wood. A few, a very few, resi- 
dences are of brick ; but this material is not in 
general favour. Amongst this colony of charming 
sojside residences situated within a few yards of 
the golden sands themselves, is a large "wooden 
structure- of by no means unpleasing design, 
known as the Seashore Home for Invalid Children] 
It affords ample accommodation for .iOO little 
ones, who are sent there throughout the year by 
kindJy-hearted subscribers from distant parts o'f 
the Eastern States. Indeed, the majority of the 
]X)or little kiddies never saw the sea before. 

system, the general grouping of the upper 
portion of the higher end of one of the wings 
facing the sea — recalls somewhat to mind the 
western fa(,;ide of the late Jlr. -J. F. Bentley's 
noble Basilica at Westminster. It was opened to 
the public List !March, and was built and furnished 
complete in the almost incredibly short time of 
eight months. As will be seen, it consists of two 
distinct buildings, each ."ieoft. long, connected in 
the rear by an annexe. The work was carried 
out by the Xiitional Fireproof Co. Two other 
large hotels facing the ocean are of brown brick ; 
whilst another, a striking building, known as 
the Strand (12'> budrojms , h;is two lower 
stories of red brick, with numerous upper ones 
of grey . stone. The excellent effect of most of 
these palatial hotels is greatly enhanced by 
their immediate sunoundings. These latter 
take the fonn of open plexsure-grounds, their 
landscape gjirdening invariably most refined. 
On this sandy soil grass appears to grow to a 
perfection we seldom see in England. The 
charming effect of the greec sward is further 

this colony of immense hotels. Others may !>'• 
passingly mentioned as illustrative of the extent 
and resources of these places. The Roy,al Palace 
and the Dennis both posse's i'lO bedrooms, the 
Morton and the Dunlop 200, the Brighton ISO, 
the Traymere 17-5, the Seaside, th'j St. Charles, 
the Sherburne, the (iarden, the Luray, and the 
Windsor hotels respectively each loO. The Isles- 
worth has 136. and more thin a dozen others 
possess over 100 bedrooms apiece. Of course, 
besides these, minor hostels innuinetable exist ; 
whilst private lodging-houses seem to aboimd 

I have remarked that, with few exceptions, 
gay Atlantic city, is built entirely of wood. 
Besides the exceptions mentioned the follow- 
ing are, perhaps, the only others that do 
not rely upon that material for their construction. 
The most prominent public building is the Post 
OBice recently completed. Of Classical design, it. 
in the main, is of very light brick, built upon a 
massive base of white stone. The detached columns 
and handsome top cornice are also of stone. One 




Tax. 25, 1907. 

of the churches — ugly enough it is, goodness 
knows — is of stone, and yet another is now being 
lonvcrted into a stone one. That is St. .lames's, 
huilt of wood a quarter of a century ago. 
This edifice, without the internal parts beii.g 
interfered with, will presently he converted 
into a fuU-bkiwn brown-stone place of worship. 
Its exterior woodwork is being veneered line 
for line with tlie latter material, and by the 
time these lines appear in print the meta- 
iiorphosis will probably be completed. The conr- 
[liiratively thin masonry is fixed everywhere 
Hush with and close to the wooden structure itself, 
sn that the latter, which is left as it was formerly, 
forms an inner casing for the more permanent 
structure. Far and away the largest commercial 
premises in Atlantic City is the Bartlett Building, 
situated near the railway station. It is of brick 
with stone dressings -the farmer narrow and of 
Dutch-like dimensions, made of a hard composite 
clay. The public Court-T louse isof reddish brick, 
but entirely lacks dignity. It possesses a fairly- 
well considered clo:^k-tower, which, like a police 
othcer amidst a crowd of boys, .assumes some im- 
portance when contrasted with the neighbouring 
acres of wooden buildings it stands amongst, few, 
if any, of them more than a couple of stories high. 
laving in this city of great hotels is by no 
means an extravagant experience. ( )ne may pro- 
cure board and lodging in fairly good, if modest 
ones, for so moderate an expenditure as 'ios. a 
week, everything inclusive, whilst in the most 
sumptuous, the expense will rarely bo found to 
exceed .£10 for a like period. If the visitor 
chooses those immediately facing the ocean, he 
may expect to be charged from Vis. Cd. to 16s. 8d. 
A day, about the cost of living in similar-sized 
ones in London. 

As may be expected after the above description 

of this fast-growing city of timber, the services of 

tarpentei-s are largely in demand. These handi- 

•craftsmen work 44 hours per week (eight hours 

on five days, and four on Saturdays). As 

leoompense for this labour they i-eceivo £4 7s. 6d. 

P.S. — Since writing of Hell" in Norw.ay, I am 

indebted to an esteemed correspondent for the 

following suggestion. It is doubtful if the word 

■•hell" is found in Norwegian. In German 

a sister language to the Scandinavian) this 

word "hell" means clear, luminous, brilliant — 

something pleasant to behold. The corresponding 

noun for the alleged place of torment is in tJerman 

" HiiUe " ; in Norwegian " Hclvede." 

{To be continiifd.) 

delegates to form a Dustless Com- 
mittee, the representation upon it to be as wide as 
possible. The following bodies, in addition to 
those mentioned above, are to be invited to co- 
operate : — The County Committee Councils 
Association, Institute of Civil Kngineers, .Associa- 
tion of Municipal aud County Engineers, County 
Surveyors' Institute, Royal" Sanitary Institute, 
Automobile Association," Royal Agricultural 
Society, Royal College of Physicians, Local 
Government Board, Four-in-Hand Club, and 
Coaching Club. 


W. D. CARUE. the architect lo the Dean 
and Chapter of Canterbury, reverts in 

IMIE issue of a 13th edition of Dr. Reid's wcU- 

1_ known book on " Sanitation so soon as 
twelve months after the publication of the I'Jth is 
evidence of the popularity of the work, which is 
])erhaps more used than any other in preparing 
tor the examinations of the Sanitary Institute. It 
has not been greatly revised on this occasion, 
except the appendix dealing with sanitary law, 
which has almost necessarily had to be rewritten. 
Fresh cases constantly arise, and the decisions 
must be recorded in a book which is to be of real 
value to the sanitary in.spector. 

M'^a . 

Tuesday's Tmin to the disintegrating effect on the 
external masonry of Canterbury Cathedral of coal- 
smoke, and contends that the heating-Hue 
connecting with the apparatus for warming the 
minster itself is placed in the very best position, 
having regard to the prevalent winds, and that it 
has never occasioned a nuisance. Dealing with 
the general subject of the decay of masonry, he 
says : — 

"" Every expert in masonry isalive to the evil of 
face-bedding. In some qualities of stone the 
results are much more serious than in others, and 
Caen stone is by no means the worst of them. 
Unfortunately, it isinot the case that the mediaeval 
builders were careful to avoid face-bedding. 
Technically skilful as their masons were in the 
manipulation of stone, they were singularly care- 
less, or often ignorant, in this iuiportant 
particular. It is also a pure fiction that the 
Angel Tower at Canterbury was largely erected 
out of reused material. A few of the Xorman 
stones were reused at its base, below the level of 
the Cathedral roof.s. The rest was entirely con- 
structed externally of new stone. The outcome is 
that certain portions of the stonework are 
indubitably face-bedded, and some decay is due to 
this fact. 

"But the general and recent rapid decay has 
nothing whatever to do with face-bedding. The 
fact that stone which has stood in a purer atmo- 
sphere for hundreds of years is now beginning 
rapidly to disintegi-ate owing to a definite chemical 
change in its structure would seem to afford 
evidence enough of some fresh stress to convince 
the most incredulous. Chemical analysis proves 
to the hilt that the fresh stress is coal smoke. 
Obviously, face -bedded stone, being the more 
tender, is generally the first to give way to such 
adverse influences ; but, even so, some of the 
face-bedded stone is in better condition than some 
of the other. 

" Xot only at Canterbury, but elsewhsre, the 
Caen stone used by the Normans was of superior 
quality to that imported later : in fact, at Canter- 
bury, it may be accepted as a general rule that 
the "older the Caen stone the better its quality and 
condition. ( )f Lanfranc's stonework there is not, 
regrettably, much left to us, but what there is 
happens to be fairly well protected." 


Mu. Hidii I'xswoKrn M'Kie, engineer, late 
of Carlisle, has died at Derby at the age of 
eighty-six years. He was born at Garstang, 
near Lancaster, and in carlv life was in partner- 
ship in Lancaster with Mr. Lawson, a well- 
known water engineer. He was employed in 
connection with many sewerage schemes, the 
construction of railways, street formation, and 
other engineering work in various parts of 
the country. He was resident engineer of 
the Carlisle sewerage scheme prepared by Mr. 
(afterwards Sir Robert) Rawlinson mce than 
half a century ago, and afterwards held the office 
of city surveyor for a short period. He left 
Carlisle for Alnwick, and then spent a consider- 
able time in North Wales. He was engaged as 
engineer of the .Southport sewerage works when 
he was again ap])ointed to the city surveyorship 
of Carlisle in 1877. He entered on the work of 
street formation with zeal, and the smart-looking 
streets of Carlisle are due laraely to the work 
carried out during his term of office. 

The death of Mr. Wii.lum Joseph Ridlek, a 
well-known Liverpool timber merchant, took place 
on Simday, at his residence, Oakfield, Aigburth, 
at the ripe age of seventy- six. A native of Essex, 
Mr. Ridler went in his early years to Liverpool, 
where he became connected with the business of 
Mr. Edward Chaloner, timber broker, first as an 
employee in a junior position. He gradually 
worked his way onward, until in 1874 he suc- 
ceeded to the position of principal of the business. 
Of a retiring disposition, he took little part in 
public affairs. Mr. Ridler had been a widower 
for about twelve years, and he leaves three sons 
and one daughter." He retired frvm active parti- 
cipation in the timber business some seven years 
ago, sin;e which time it has been carried on by 
his sons. 


i N important conference has been held by the 
J^ Automobile Club at the suggestion of Lord 
Montagu, in the endeavour to form a "National 
Dustless Roads Committee," which shall deal with 
the whole subject of waterproof material for road- 
making, tiir-spraying, and other kindred matters, 
which arc now being dealt with by many indepen- 
dent bodies. The efforts of these various bodies, 
though meritorious, lack, it is suggested, the con- 
centration and vigour wliich it is hoped will be 
the outcome of the direction being under one 
central authority. Delegates from the following 
bodies were present on Wednesday evening, the 
IGth inst.,at the conference :--Tne Automobile 
I'lub, the Dust'ess Roads .loint Committee, Roads 
Improvement Association, Dustless Roads Associa- 
tion, lllghw.-iys Protection League, the "Car" 
Anti-Dust Fund Society of Motor Manufacturers 
and Traders, the Cyclists' Touring Club, and 
' othei's. It was unanimously agreed by the 

- Practical Sanitation. A Handbook for Sanitary 
Inspectors anfl others interested in r^anitatioQ. by Georuk 
Ukio, M.D., P r.H.. with an Apoendix on Sanitary Law, 
b)' IlERr.KUT Masi.f.v, ma,, M.H., D.l'.A. lath edition, 
t'nce «s. Charles OritHa and Co., Ltd., E.xeter street, 

At the last meeting of the Beverley Council, a 
letter was read from the Local (Sovernment Board 
sanctioniug the purchase of the Beverley Water- 
works for .£21,350, but disapproving of the site of 
the proposed new bore, on the score of danger of I ^' 

contamination from sewage, 

A stained-glass window, the gift of Sir WiUiam 
Forwood, was unveiled and dedicated in St. 
Martin's Parish Church, Windermere, last week. 
The subject of the wmdow is the " Te Deum." 
The window is a three-light one in north aisle. 
The principal figure of the middle light is the Lord 
'tory, holdmg the regal orb. Ou each side are 
figures representing cherubim and seraphim. In 
other parts of the window are figures of the 
prophets of tUd Testament time?, the "glorious 
compauy of the Apostles" of the New Testament, 
and the " noble army of martyrs," together with 
saints who were especially associated with the North 
of England— .\idan, Kmg Oswald, and Martin. 


The King, who will be accompanied by the Queen, 
will open Mr. E. W. Mountford's new Sessions 
House in the I lid Bailey on Wednesday, Feb. 27. 

An interesting old Maidstone building has been 
demolished by the pulling down of the structure in 
Knightrider-street, which since 183 i hasbaen known 
as the Old Blue Co.t Schooh The building was 
erected in 1719 as a workhouse for the benefit of the 
poor by the philanthropy of one Thomas Bliss. 
The building was used as a poorhouse until 1836, 
when the present workhouse at Cjxheath was 
erected. It was then that the Old Blue Coat School, 
founded in 1711 bp the Rev. Woodward, the then 
perpetual curate of All Saints' Church, was trans- 
ferred to the home it had so long in Knightrider- 

The Lowestoft Town Council have decided to ex- 
tend the refuse destructor at a cost of £1,030. A 
water-tube boiler and piping is to be added by 
means of which a portion of the steam used at the 
electricity works can be generated. 

The town council of Bury, Lanes, have accepted 
an anonymous offer of a statue to the memory of 
John Kay, the inventor of the fiy shuttle, a native 
of Bury. The statue will be erected ou the site of 
the Old Market Hall. 

The Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board 
of Trade are informed by his Majesty's Consul 
( General at Antwerp that the municipal authorities 
of that city invite tenders for the construction of 
eit'ht houses adjoining the new public hall at 
Antwerp and the completion of the latter buildmg. 
an estimated cost of 1,216,630 francs (about 

The B,shop of Gloucester dedicated, on the 11th of aUclasse^M Montreal tl^ 

inst. , a church erected ou Cleeve Hdl. The hill is 
is within the ecclesiastical parish of Cleeve, some 
three miles awav in the v.ale. The church, which is 
dedicated to St.'Peter, is built of Fni/.zi terracotta 
slabs on a stone foundation reaching to the floor, the 
exterior being covered with roughcast, and the 
interior being relieved with an Egyptian dado and 
open-timbered roof. It is provided with choir, 
organ -chamber, vestry, and baptistery. The total 
cost, including site, is just over .£1,000. 

portant buildings completed during the past yew 
included the Mount Club, the McGUI 
Students' Union, New Sheibrooke Apartments. 
Hampton Court Apartments, Durocher - stree 
Apartments, Jenkins' Building, Lindsay Buildmg 
Molson's Bank, St. Catherine-street, Bank o 
tjuebec, Montreal Technical and Commercial tlig 
School, Alexandra Hospital, besides a very grea 
number of factories and of the smaUer class o| 

£49,S(i2). A deposit of 1)0,000 francs (about £2,400) 
is required. The specification (cahier decharges 
Xo. 1 183) may be obtained from the Hotel de Ville. 
Antwerp, at a cost of ."i francs (4s.), and the plans at 
a cost of 200 francs (£8). Tenders should be sealed 
in registered envelopes, addressed to M. le Bourg- 
mestre de la Ville d' Anvers, Hotel de Ville, AntweiJ. 
A copy of the specification may be seen at the 
Commercial Intelligence Branch of the Board Ot, 
Tr,ide, 73, Basiughall-street, London, E.C. 

The past year was a busy one in the building, 
trades of Toronto aud Montreal. In Toronto build- 
in" permits to the value of thirteen and a quarter, 
mrUions were issued against lO.SoO.OOOdoI. m 190^. 
and seven-twelfths of the outlay was for newi 

Tan. 25, 1907. 



Builbtng Intelligence. 

Ki.LACoMHE, Si)UTi£ The restoration 
of Ellacombe Church, Torqiiay, is about to be 
carried out. The cost is roughly estimated at 
£3,000, and up to the present about hal{ this 
amount hag been obtained. It is proposed 
to remove the present apso and substitute a 
lofty chancel, with organ chamber and choir- 
vestries. The ventilation is extremely defective, 
the heating apparatus needs thorough over- 
hauling, the walls of the nave reipiire rocolouring, 
and the pavements re-laying ; whilst the organ 
has been slowly deteriorating in quality in 
consequence of its pro.ximity to the large west 
window. The whole of the gallery will be thrown 
open for the u.'e •<{ the congregation. In addition 
a porch will be erected at the west end. The east 
wall will be pierced through with arches on either 
side to correspond with the chancel arch. The 
chancel is to be ^Sft. in length— more than double 
the length of the present apse. The east window 
is to be a feature of the restored church. The 
plans and specifications are being prepared by 
Mr. C. J. Tate, architect, of Exeter, and the 
Bishop of the Diocese will lay the foundation 
stone on the Wednesday in E.ister week. 

FuoGMoitE Macsoleim. — In addition to the 
window over the Comnumion table at the Royal 
Matisoleum at Erogmore in memory of (^leen 
Victoria, memorial stained-glass windows have 
been placed in the Mausoleum by the King in 
memory of the late Empress Frederick, Princess 
Alice, Prince .\lfred, and Prince Leopc.Id. The 
figure subjects symbolise holiness, love, purity, 
alms-deeds, and munificence: and in the three 
lights of the upper window in the transept to the 
right of the Communion (in memory of the 
Empress Frederick) are .St. ilary the Virgin, in 
the centre, with St. Elizabeth and St. Adelaide 
on either side. In the three lights of the corre- 
sponding window in the transept on the left of 
the Communion table (to the memory of Prine;ss 
Alice) are the figures of the Good "Shepherd, in 
the centre, with St. JIary Magdalene and a 
figure of Charity on either side. In the curved 
aisles to the right of the Communion table three 
windows have been dedicated in meuiory of 
Prince Alfred, and on the corresponding side 
three similar subjects to the memory of Prince 
Leopold. The colour and glass are of an antique 
character, rich in detail, designeil in harmony 
with the architecture of the Mausoleum. Im"- 
proved pendant lamps have also been hung 
throughout the Mausoleum. The windows were 
designed and carried out by Mr. Ion Paje, who 
also designed the windows" in the sanctuary at 
the private chapel at the Castle. The lamps were 
executed from the design of Mr. A Y. Xutt 
M.V.O., architect at the Castle. 

Li.ANEiXY.— Last week the Bishop of St. 
Davids reopened the ancient parish church of 
Llanelly, after it had undergone thorough 
restoration at a cost of over €7,000. The nave, 
chancel, transepts, north chancel aisle, organ- 
chamber and vestry, and south porch have been 
entirely rebuilt from the very foundation, and the 
tower restored. 'J he form of the church has been 
preserved, and its old distinctive features have 
been restored. The gallleries have been removed, 
the windows remodelled, and the pitch of the 
roof altered. The ancient font has been restored 
and placed on a new pedestal, with a new cover 
added to it. The old organ has been repaired and 
extended, and placed in one of the south arches of 
the diancel. The whole of the church, with the 
exception of the chancel, is seated with chairs. 
The old church was rich in mural tablets. 
Altogether there are twenty-three such memorials. 
All of these have been cleaned and re-lettered, and 
and the coats of arms re- blazoned. Thev are now 
well distributed over the church, instead' of being 
hidden out of sight in the chancel as they were 
before. The architect of the restoration and re- 
building was Mr. E. -M. Bruce Vaughan, 
F.ILI.B.i.. of Caidiff. 

Newcastle-on-Tvne.— The Royal (irammar 
school, Eskdale-terrace, Jesmond, was formally 
opened by the Duke of Northumberland on Thurs- 
Aiy m last week. They have cost .£tiO,00i). Messrs. 
Russell and Cooper, of London, the architects, 
have aimed at a quiet design, Renaissance in 
character. Leicestershire red bricks have been 
used, relieved with Wmdy Nook stone. The 
assembly hall is capable of seating 800 people, and 
13 panelled with oak. Along the west side are 
piUara with square bases in oak, supporting 

galleries from which access is gained to the first 
floor class-rooms. The corresponding rooms on 
the ground Hoor have direct communication with 
the assembly- hall, as have also the m.oster's room 
and that for his assistants. These have been 
fitted and furnished in oak. There is a secretary's 
room adjoining, and just beyond this again is the 
sixth-form room. The assembly-room has been 
provided with oak doors and si.'ats. and cupboards 
have been arranged along the walls. There is 
also an art-room and a school library. -Vltogether 
in the main block of the buildings there are JO 
classrooms on the two floors — ten of them for 110 
boys and ten for 24 boys. A corridor northwards 
leads to the science block. This department ton- 
tains a workshop, a chemical lecture-room, ele- 
mentary and advanced chemical laboratories, a 
chemical preparation-room, a special science class- 
room, pysical lecture-room, physical laboratory, 
physical jireparation room, and a dark-room. In 
the south block is a gymnasium, oOft. by 'J.jft., 
and dining-hall. The contractors were Messrs. 
Arnold and Son. Doncaster. 

Paiontox, Uevox. — The Paignton Co-opera- 
tive Society have recently ei-ected new central 
business premises upon a freehold site in Winner- 
street, with a frontage of 64ft. A cellarage is 
provided for the stock, lighted by pavement and 
stall board lights at front and back. On the ground 
floor a grocery and provision shop oi-cupies the 
principal space, with packing and despatch de- 
partment, and a drapery shop adjoining and con- 
nected. The society's offices are approached on 
the first fioor by a fireproof well staircase. An 
open yard is situated at the rear, with a covered 
way for receiving goods, kc. The first Hoor com- 
prises a milliner's showroom, committee-room, 
manager's and clerks" offices, with strong-room 
attached, grocery stock-room, two sets of cloalc- 
rooms, and lavatories for the male and female 
stafl. On the second floor is a meeting hall 6'2f t. 
by S.ift. 6in., with a steel span roof forming an 
elliptical ceiling. The hall is lighted by side and 
roof lights. A retiring-room, kitchen, and lava- 
tories are approached from the hall and the main 
staircase, which is a continuation of the fireproof 
staircase from the ground floor. An external 
emergency staircase affords means of egress from 
the hall in case of panic. Externally red bricks 
and Portland stone dressings have been used 
above the shop cornice. The whole of the shops, 
packing department, showrooms, and offices have 
been furnished and fitted from the architects' 
designs by ilr. R. Waycott, of Paignton. The 
general contract was placed with Mr. W. 
Smaridge, of Paignton. The total cost has been 
about £1,000. The architects were Messrs. 
Bridgman and Bridgman, of Torquay and 
Paignton. — The Cottage Hospital has been re- 
cently renovated and enlarged, and was reopened 
last week. The alterations and additions comprise 
increased accommodation for the staff in the 
administrative block, by the formation on the 
ground floor of a night nurses' bedroom, a store- 
room for patients' clothes, a spei:ial hot-air linen 
press, enlarged scullery, and servants' lavatory. 
On the first floor are additional nurses' bedroom, 
bathroom and lavatory for the staff, and large 
clothes and linen store. lender this wing a 
heating-chamber and coal-store has been formed, 
as an extension of the existing cellarage. A new 
building h,as been added to the patients' depart- 
ment, embodying an operating theatre, lighted 
with windows on three sides and north rouf light. 
All corners are rounded and hollowed, and dust- 
proof sliding doors are formed as approaches. 
The floors will be covered with polished linoleum 
glued to the wood-block foundation, and draining 
to white glazed channels. Provision has beer 
made for the steriliser and other fitments, 
and the whole of the walls and ceilings are to be 
finished with enamelled surfaces. The operating- 
room is fitted with special sinks, operated by the 
elbow, manufactured by Messrs. Doulton and Co. 
The whole of the exposed pipes are of polished 
copper and gunmetal. The operating-theatre is 
lighted by incandescent inverted adjustable 
burners. The previous operating-room is now 
converted into a dining-hall for the staff, and is 
also used as a board-room for the management 
committee. The whole of the premises are warmed 
by a system of low-pressure small pipes and 
radiators of special pattern from a sectional 
boiler of the American Radiator Co.'s pattern, 
and the hot-water services are supplied from an 
independent boiler to afford constant supplies. 
The external treatment of the new buildings is of 
the same style as the existing buildings to pro- 
vide uniformity of appearance. The constructional 

work has been carried out by a contract with Mr. 
Geo. Webber, ami the heating, plumbing .'ind 
decorating by Jlessrs. Thomiis and Co., Winner- 
street. Mr. W. II. Lethbridgo acted as clerk of 
the works, and Jlessrs. Bridgman and Bridgman, 
A.R.I.B.A., M.S..\.. were the architects. 

PEXz.\>;cE.--The formal opening of the new 
West Cornwall Dispensary and Infirmary at 
Penzance took place on Friday. The existing 
buildings were formerly used as a workhouse, ami 
were purchased in 1.S73 with the intention of re- 
construction that has not been carried out. except 
by the erection of a men's ward in 1883. For the 
present rebuilding Mr. Oliver Caldwell has ham 
the architect, .and Messrs. Perkins, Caldwell and 
Caldwell, of Penzanze, were the contractors, the 
cost being £S,000. The new premises comprise a 
central administrative block of two stories, and a 
ward block oneach side, with variousroomsattached. 
( )n the south wing of the new buildings the new 
]iublic dispensary is built. The administrative 
block comprises on the ground floor a vestibule, 
main corridor, nurses' dining-room, matron's 
room, medical offieere' room, the operating theatre, 
and the storeroom. <Jn the south side of the 
corridor are the kitchens, scullery, pantry, larder, 
and the board-room. Going north in the main 
corridor are the secretary's and porter's rooms, the 
main ward, containing twelve beds, two private 
wards, a ward-kitchen, and sanitary towers. The 
main ward is .lOft. long and 'i^ft. liin. wide. The 
fioor is of teak, .and the walls and ceilings, 
which are rounded off at all angles, are plastered 
with non-absorbent material. The ward is venti- 
lated on the Boyle system. The heating is 
provided by one of Shorland'a double-fronted 
stoves, with under flues. The operating theatre 
is ilft. It will have terrazzo-tiled mosaic floors, 
and the w.alls lined with white-glazed tiles. The 
corridors are laid with white blocks throughout 
and the floors of the kitchens, scullery, and the 
other ottices are tiled. The dispensary block has 
public hall 3'2ft. by 27ft.. and icWo physicians' 
loim, surgeons' ex.amining-room, A'isitors' room, 
dental-room, and di.spensary-room. 

TouiHAV. — A commencjmsnt has just been 
made with operations in connection with a new 
wing to the Toib.ay Hospital, Torquay, the con- 
ti'act for which been itakon up by Mr. H. C. 
.Tackman, of Torquay ; whilst the architects are 
Messrs. Appleton and Sons, advised by Mr. H. 
Percy Adams, of London. It is proposed to 
provide an operating theatre, with a sterilising 
and ana'sthetic room, a new surgery with a 
waiting-room attached {with a separate entrance 
from I'nion-street), .a pathological room, an 
electro-therapeutical, and lavatory for the use of 
the medical staff. This addition to the existing 
hospital is to be made by a westward extension 
from the main corridor, the wing occupying a 
portion of ilelita tJaiden. The style will be in 
harmony with the existing building, the total 
cost being about t'2,000. It is also intended to 
provide a children's ward on the top floor of the 
main building of the hospital, and this work will 
be commenced upon the completion of the new 

Winciieste:;. — The west front of the cathedral 
has been during the past few months gradually 
enveloped in a mass of scaffolding and timber, 
prep.iratory to the work of renewing the dilapi- 
dated pinnacles and gable canopy. The scaffold- 
ing has been almost completed by Messi-s. 
Thompson and Co., of Peterborough, acting 
under the instruction of Mr. T. G. Jackson, R.A., 
and Messrs. Colson, of Winchester, and beneath 
it has been erected a large wooden screen to pro- 
tect passers-by from the decayed crockets and 
finials which have from time to time become de- 
tached and fallen to the ground. The work will 
in all probability take a year to execute. Its cost 
is estimated at £1,000, the scaffolding alone cost- 
ing £800. The spires and gable canopy received 
treatment at the sauie time that the west front was 
restoreil. about IS'JO. Constructed of Caen stone 
obtained from Normandy, which was insufficient 
to resist the saline dampness of the Itchen Valley, 
the pinnacles became decayed, necessitating the 
present repairs. 

At a special meeting of Liberton Parish Council 
on Monday night, it was agreed after discussion to 
proceed at once with the erection at Green-end of 
premises for the administration of the council 
business, according to plans by M*-. .James 
Morrison, architect, Vork Buildings, Edinburgh, at 
a cost, inclusive of all fees, and feu charter, of 



JA.N. 25, 1907, 

(^Fngintcriitg iSatts. 

JtoMRAY. — The new docks at Bombay, now in 
progress, will coTer, when completed, upwards of 
80 acres. The immense volume of water con- 
tiiinod by the two main dams which have been com- 
pleted is now being pumped back into the sea. The 
average depth of water in this enclosure ranges! 
from IGft. to 17ft. at the .shore to upwards of 
:iOft. against the dams. Messrs. Price. Wills, 
and Reeves, the contractors, have six or seven 
thousand men employed on the works at the 
(luarries and the docks. The rough masonry for 
the new docks is being , qiuirried at -Elephanta, 
whore 2,.'J0{) workmen are now preparing the 
requisite stoneworlc ; the dressed facings will come 
from Udwada. It is anticipated that the whole 
work will be completed in four to live years' time. 
The Hughes dry dock will be one of the largest, 
if not actually the largest, in the world. 

■ UovEi:. — Work will bo commenced at an early 
date on the new pier terminus. Dover. Powers 
have already been obtained by the Dover Harbour 
Hoard for the reclamation of a large plot of land 
contained in the hollow of the Admiralty Pier 
and opposite the Ijord Warden Hotel. When the 
Dover Harbour Board has tilled up this land to 
rail level the So>ith-K istern and Chatham Com- 
panies will undertake their portion of the work. 
tTpon the triangular piece of reclaimed land with- 
in the curve of the j^ier a large railway station of 
modern type will be built to give accommodation 
for the growing trade of the port. The plans 
provide for one long platform of about l,.)O0ft. in 
length, and for eacli set of rails to be capable of 
receiving two boat trains, while berth accommo- 
dation will be provided for both steamers. 
Passengers will be able to embark and disembark 
without the use of stairs, lifts, or subway. On 
the site opposite the Lord Warden Hotel ware- 
houses are to be erected, and a large post and tele- 
graph office will also be provided. 

iSundeula:*!).— The town council ai-e consider- 
ing two schemes that have the twofold object of 
preventing coast erosion and of providing work 
for the unemployed. The cost of one is put down 
at £31,000, and that of the other at €11, 000. The 
schemes have been prepared by Mr. H. II. Wake, 
the engineer of the Wear Conmii.ssion, and Mr. 
.1. W. Moncur, the borough engineer. Tliese 
schemes provide for a seawall and promenade 
which, if constructed, would commence at the 
north end of the Roker Lower Promenade and 
would continue round Holey Rock. The wall 
terminates at the southern end of the existing sea- 
wall near Sea-lane. The total length of the pro- 
posed wall Is 891 yards, and the total length of the 
promenade l.Oi.'i yards. The promenade would 
be 30ft. wide, allowing I4ft. for footpath and 
I6ft. for carriage-way. There would be a tunnel 
Hft. wide through Holey Kock, lined with white- 
glazed bricks, and this would form an additional 
access to the promenade beyond Holey Ivock. The 
wall would ha\e a concave surface to the sea, 
while it would be strengthened with concrete 
buttresses 3ft. square, placed at intervals of Hft. 
B'or the top of the wall granite blocks wouM be 
used. The level of the coping on the promenade 
would be 10ft. abo\e high-water mark at ordinary 
spring tide. The alternative scheme for a sea- 
wall only would closely follow the irregular line 
and the face of the rocks, and would be con- 
structed of concrete with stone facing similar to 
the proposed promenade wall, and wtiuld be of an 
average height of l.jft. above high-water mark. 
This wall would be merely a protection to the 
cliffs against thi- sea, and would not be available 
for a promenade. 

The Power tras Corporation, Stockton-on-Tees, 
have obtained an order for the power ga^ installa- 
tion tor the Fugi Paper Mdls, near Yokohama. 
The gas plant will have a rated capacity of 
:i,nOOI.n.P.. designed to produce about ISO.OIIOc.ft. 
of gas per hour from local fuels. The same firm 
are beginning to budj a 0,00011. P. gas-driveu 
power-station at Hongkong, and have completed a 
large installation at Messrs. Citmmell, Laird, and 
Go.'s shipyard at Birkenhead. The latter in- 
cluded l,(JOOH.r. gas-engines and dynamos. 

The late Mr. James William Stones, aged Hftv- 
three, of Warren Holt, Wdpshire, Blackburn, .T.l'., 
senior partner in the firm of Stones and Souii, 
timber merchants, of Blackburn, left £23,8:!(). 

The city couuc'l gns committee, of IManchester, are 
applying to the Local Oovernment Board tor powers 
to borrow £300,000 for developmsnt S(-hemes., 


Ai-Tox. — The clerk to the Acton I'rban District 
Council received on Jlonday a letter from the 
Local (Tovornment Hoard stating that they had 
decided to remit the surcharge of the sum of 
£l,oOO made by the district auditor upon three 
members of the coimcll who signed cheques for 
the payment of fees representing the above 
amount to Jlr. W. U. Hunt, the architect en- 
gaged on the plans for the town hall and municipal 
buildings scheme. In a letter addressed also to 
the secretary of the Ratepayeis' Association the 
Board stated that they had not found any suffi- 
cient ground for refusing to relievo the appellants 
of their liability. 

Bauxsi.ev. — The plans sent in In connection with 
the High School for (-4 iris. Barnsley, Competition 
have been cm view at the Doncaster-road Council 
School on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday 
this week. 

Diiii.iN-. — The competition instituted by the 
Local Government Board for Ireland for three 
prizes for designs of labourers' cottages most suit- 
able for rural districts has resulted as follows : — 
First prize (£.iO) Sydney Moss, Rockbank, Eccles, 
Lancashire. .Second prize {£-10). J. Roseman 
Burns, 17, Serpentine-avenue, Ballsbridge, Dub- 
lin. Third prize (£20), T. M. Deane, 15, Ely- 
place, Dublin. 

Ei.LESMEKE. — The urban district council have 
i-etained the services of Mr. J. W. Brown, 
M.I.C.E., of West Hartlepool, to adjudicate 
upon the competitive schemes for the proposed 
new sewerage and sewage disposal works. 

The Xew Coistv Hall. — The Establishment 
Committee of the London County Council have 
given further consideration to the question of the 
time to be allowed for the competition for designs 
for the new county hall, and have discussed a 
letter from the Royal Institute of Bi'itish Archi- 
tects, who suggest that nine months should be 
allowed, six of which should be devoted to the 
preliminary part of the competition. The com- 
mittee think the Council would be well advised 
to allow the additional month suggested. At 
Tuesday's meeting of the County Council the 
establishment committee recommended that a sum 
of £2,100 should be voted in respect of the fees 
to be paid to Mr. Norman Shaw, R.A. as an 
assessor, and to the assessor to be nominated by 
the competitors in the final stage of the competi- 
tion for obtaining designs for the new county 
hall. Sir Melvill Beachcroft claimed that the 
present was not a favourable time foi- a large 
expenditure on a county hall. Although they 
had or were expending £000,000 on the purchase 
of the site, it might well be that those who would 
succeed them in a few weeks' time might feel It 
desirable to postpone for a year or so the expendi- 
ture of £I,.')00,000. He therefore moved that the 
consideration of the question be adjourned imtll 
after the Council had been elected. — Mr. Cleland, 
M.P., chairman of the committee, urged the 
Council not to consent to any postponement of 
this question. The amendment was rejected by 
a large majoritv, and the recommendation of the 
committee w.-is adopted. A set of conditions 
governing the competition for the designs for 
the new county hall was approved, and it was 
agreed, as has been previously announced, to 
Invite the following architects to submit designs 
in the final competition for designs : — Mr. J. 
Belcher, A.R..\., P.R.I.B.A., Jlr. W. Flockhart, 
F.K.I. B. A., Mr. Ernest George, F.R.I.B.A., 
Mr. H. T. Hare, F.IM.B.A., Mr. T. G. .lackson. 
R.A.,Mr. E. L. Lutyens, F.R.I.B.A.. Mr. E. W. 
Mountford, F.1;.I.B..\., and Messrs. Nicholson 
and Corlette (Sir (Charles Nicholson, Bart., 
F.R.LB.A., and Mr. H. C. Corlette, F.R.I.B.A.l 

A section of the Preston .and Mersey canal from 
the Auderton lift to MIddlewich has been dredged 
to pass boats ot fi-om .30 to 00 tons, the bridges have 
been rebuilt, and that section is free from locks. 
The district employs this narrow section to the 
extent of over 400,000 tons per annum. 

The Bishop of Manchester consecrated on Tuesday 
the new south aisle and morning chapel which 
formed part of the scheme for theextensini of All 
Ssiuts*, Stretfonl. The enlargement consists ot a 
south ais.le, with clergy and choir vestries. The 
aisle contains a reredos elected to the memory of 
the late liev. Dudley and Mrs. Hart by members ot 
the family. There have also been provided an oak 
carved reredos, altar credence, and sedilla, with 
carved cauopic, by the family of the late Mr. John 
Bowden. About ,£3, ;)00 has been expended on the 
enlargement of the buildings and site. 



general meeting of the above body was held on 
Tuesday night at the rooms of the Association, 
l.i. South Frederick-lane, the President (Jlr. 
Joseph HoUoway, M.R.I.A.I.) in the chair. Mr. 
L. E. Steele, M^A., M.R.I. A., delivered a lecture 
on "Egyptian Art." After dealing with the 
conventional features which dominated the work 
of the Egyptian artists, by which the face and 
legs were shown in profile, and the body in fore- 
front, the lecturer illustrated his remarks by a 
series of lantern views. These, many of the 
original of which were taken by Mr. .Steele, were 
particularly interesting, as indicative of the high 
power of artistic genius to which the Egyptians 
attained even 0000 years ii.r. After explaining 
the methods adopted in working the incised hiero- 
glyphics, and the colours which were used in the 
frescoes of the Early dynasties, the lecturer showed 
various photographs of sculpture in stone, wood, 
and ivory. 

BitiSTOL Society of A.\TiQCAiuEs.-r-Before this 
Society, on Friday, Mr. A. C. Fryer gave a 
lecture, at the Church Missionary Ilall, Park- 
street, on "A Pilgrimage to St. David's 
Cathedral." Jlr. J. T. Francombe presided. 
The lecture was illustrated with capital limelight 
views. The great cathedral, he remarked, stands 
on one side of the River Alan, while the magnifi- 
cent ruins of the vast episcopal palace are on the 
other. Critics declare that this palace is the finest 
specimen of domestic architecture strictly eccle- 
siastical in Great Britain. St. David's is a restful 
place far removed from the rush and roar of the 
outside world, and the pilgrim's first glimpse is 
never to be forgotten. \'iewed from an elevation, 
whilst the stillness of the place makes it 
like the city of the dead, the beauteous fabric lay 
in the ciuiet valley, its masonry looking slight and 
delicate in its grandeur. Upon entering the 
building, it will at once strike the visitor that it 
Is far more ornamental within than without, and 
certain it is that very few structures of the same 
size equal this cathedral in richness and elaborate- 
ness of e.xecutlon. 

Enixnrucn AiirniTEcTinAL Assoiiatio.v. — A 
meeting of this association was held on the Ifith 
Inst, in the rooms of the society, 117, trcorge- 
street. In the absence of the president, Jlr. 
Hippolyte J. Blanc, the chair was occupied by 
Jlr. Henry F. Kerr. The billet of con- 
tained the following notice of motion by Jlr. 
James Bruce, W.S. : "That, looking to the 
public interest that has been aroused on the 
question of the repair and restoration of the 
t'hapel Royal, Holj-rood, through the intimation 
of a legacy of £40,000 for these purposes by the 
late E^irl of Leven and Jlelville, It Is desirable 
that the association should, thi-ough a committee 
of its Fellows, obtain a report on the following 
points — viz., 1. What remains of the structure 
exist. 2. The conditions and capabilities of the parta 
remaining. 3. Whether the evidence of these parts 
is sufficient to enable a satisfactory repair and 
restoration of the structure to be made. And that 
the committee consist of the following — viz., Jlr. 
Hippolyte J. Banc. U.S.A., president : and Messrs. 
J. T. Baillie, Henry F. Kerr, David Robertson, 
Harold O. Tarbolton, and John Watson-~JIr. 
Blanc to be convener." Jlr. Jlrcfie, in sub' 
mitting the motion, referred to the feeling of 
satisfaction and expectation with which the public ' 
read of the pious intention of the Earl of Leven ' 
and Jlelville with regai'd to the restoration of the i 
ancient chapel of Holyrood, .and to the disappoint- i 
ment felt when they read the announcement of | 
Professor Lcthaby's report and the decision con- I 
seqnent on it. That report considered rather too 
mu'h only one view, and there was some call in 
the public interest for an independent inquiry, j 
such as the motion contemplated. The public 
were entitled to assume that the donor had. In the 
most reverent spirit and under expert advice, 
carefully considered the whole matter. They who 
knew Jir. Ross knew that he was nothing if not 
conscientious, and that any opinion that he might 
have formed would be the result of careful and 
exhaustive study of a difficult and complicated 
((uostion. It seemed to him that the association 
was clearly entitled to say something on that very 
Iinjiorlant jiubllc question. The motion did not , 
commit them to any course of action but that of 
impiiry and report. Mr. F. W. Deas urged that 
consideration of the resolution he delayed, and 
this \-iew was supported by Mr. R. S. Lorimer, 
and after some expressions of opinion for and 

-Tax. 25, 1907. 



a^iiinst. and the reading of a letter from Professor 
Cooper, of Glasgow, in favour of aetion, the post- 
ponement was agreed to. Mr. Walter Gilbert, 
Uromsgrove Guild, Worcestershire, read a paper 
entitled '• The Sculptor and the Garden." The 
paper was iUustrated by limelight views. 

Society or Al!C^ITE(■T^. — Mr. A. K. Prid- 
inore, CC, enjovs the distinction of having been 
elected the president of the Society of Architects 
for the second year in succession. To commenio- 
late this interesting event in ih<i history of the 
society, and also in recoi^nition of the lionour thus 
conferred upon him, Jlr. Pridmore invited the 
members and students, together with their friends, 
to a smoking-concert at the Great Eastern Hotel 
on Friday evening. A numerous company as- 
sembled in the Xorfolk liooni. and the splendid 
entertainment provided by their host was enjoyed 
by one and all. The president's liisbopsgate 
friends attended in goodly numbers, while 
amongst the audience were many members 
of the Citv Corporation, including j[r. Deputy 
Wallace. ",T.P., .Mr. Harrv Bird, C.V.. Jlr. 
T. Robinson, C.t'., and Jlr. J. ToUworthy, 
CC. The programme was under the direction of 
Jliss Florence Venning, who herself contributed 
several pleasing items, gaining hearty applause 
for her rendering of ••Green Isle of Erin " and 
■■ When Twilight Comes." Hiss Edith Serpell, 
who was encored for "The Sands o" Dee," and 
Miss Elsie Spain, who sang perfectly "The 
Nighting.ile," completed the list of ladv enter- 
tainers. The other entertainers were .Air. .lohn 
liardsley, Mr. Walter Jlontagu, Jlr. Waller 
Walters. Jlr. Randell .Jackson, Jlr. Charles 
Wreford, and Mr. Albert .Torden, who acted as 

SioTTisu Er( i.Hsioi.o(;i{ Ai. Society. — .V meet- 
ing of the Edinburgh branch of this society -was 
held in the h.all of the Edinburgh Architectural 
-Association on Saturday, liishop Dowden pre- 
siding. Two papers were read, one bv Professor 
Cooper and the other by .Mr. James S. Richard- 
son, architect. That by Piofessor Cooper was on 
the ••First Cathedral "of Jloray," in which he 
gave an historical sketch of the "ancient parish of 
Spynie, which contained at one period the cathe- 
dral of the diocese of Jloray. It was. he said, 
modelled on that of Lincoln." In the other paper 
Mr. Richardson dealt with --St. William of 
I'erth and his Memorials in England." In 
proposing a vote of thanks, Bishop Dowden com- 
uiented on the fact that absolutelv no record 
cuidd be found of St. William north of the Tweed, 
notwitlistanding that he was a Saint, and had 
built the nave and choir of the great cathedral of 
Rochester ; a man absolutely unknown in Scot- 
land, who. it was claimed, ha"d come from Perth, 
but who was very much honoured in England. 

T-Sui-.^UF, (_'i.i-ii.~-The ladies' night will be 
held on Tuesday, Feb. ,i, at the theatre of the 
Guddhall School of JXusic. AfU-r the concert 
there will be performed •'An Architectural Hasli 
in three coui-ses. entitled 'The Mvstervot -Marcus, 
or_ Antony and Cleopatra in a New Light,' " by 
W . J. H. Leverton. The principal parts will be 
taken by Jlr. and Jlrs. Alfred Stalman, Jlr. 
Hugh Stannus, and Jlr. Duncan Tovey. Non- 
members can obtam tickets of Jlr. " W. H. 
Webber, 7, Great James-street, W.C. 

Woi.vEiin.vMi-Toy and Distuict Auchitectlrai. 
Association.— The annual meeting of this .asso- 
ciation was held on Friday evening at the Law 
Library, Lych Gates, when tlie oUicers for the 
ensuing year were elected as follows :— Jlr. 
v\illiam Edwards, president; Mr. William J. 
Oliver, M.S.A., vice-president ; Jlessrs. Fred 
^- Beck (past president). Joseph Lavender, 
t.R.I.B.A. (past president), and T. H. Fleeming, 
members of the council. The following otKcers 
were re-elected : Jlr. J. Harrison Weller, hon. 
treasurer : Mr. A. Eaton Painter, hon. auditor - 
and Jlr. Uilliam J. Gliver, 1, Darlington-street, 
hon. secretary. The retiring president, Jlr. F. T. 
Beck, who has hold that ollice during the past 
three years, later in the evening read a most 
interesting paper, which much appreciated 
by the members. 


[We do not hold ourselves responsible for the opmiims of 
our correspondents. All communic!ition=( should be 
drawn up as briefly as possible, as there are many 
claimants upon the space allotted to correspondents.] 

It is particularly requested that all dniwings and all 
communications respecting illustrations or literary matter 
should be addressed to the EDITOtt of the Bcildiso, Clement's House, Clement's Inn Passa^*, Strand, 
W.C, and not to members of the statf by name. Delay 
is not infrequently otherwise caused. All dr-awin^ and 
other communications are sent at contributors' risks, and 
the Editor will not undertake to pay for, or l>e liable for, 
unsought contributions. 

Cheques and Post-office Orders to be made payable 
The Stkand Newspapek Company, Limitp.o. 

Telegraphic Address : — " Timeserver, London." 
Telephone No. 163S Holbom. 


Bound copies of Vol. XC. are now ready, and 
should be ordered early (price 1'23. each, by post 
l'2s. nd.\ as onlv a limited number are dr>ne up. A 
few bound volumes of Vols. XXXrX., XLI., XLVT., 

XLix., Lin., Lxi., Lxn., Lxrv., lxv., lxvi., 
Lxvn., Lxvm., lxix., lxxi., Lxxn., Lxxin., 

LXXXIX. may still be obtained at the same price ; all 
the other bounli volumes are out of print. Most of 
the back numbers of fonner volumes are, however, 
to be had singly. Subscribers requiring any back num- 
bers to complete volume just ended should order at 
once, as many of them soon nm out of print. 

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Clement's Inn Passage, Strand, London, W.C. 


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To any of the Australian Colonies or New Zealand, to the 
Cape, the West Indies, or Natal. £1 6s. Od. • 


The charge for Competition and Contract 
Advertisements, Public Companies, and all official 
adveitisements is Is. per line of Eight words, the first 
line counting as two, the nuuimum charge being 5s. for 

I four hnes. 

j The charge for Auctions, Land Sales and 

I Miscellaneous and Trade Advertisements (except 
SituLitinii advertisements) is 6d. per line of ei;rht words 
(the lirst line counting as two., the minimum charge 
being 4s. 6d. for 40 words. Special terms for series of 

j more than six insertions can be ascertained uu apphcation 

I to the Publisher. 

Situations and Partnerships. 

The charge for advertisements for " Situations 
Vacant " or " Situations Wanted " and " Part- 
nerships," is 0-NE Shillis-o f»^r TwRNTY-poca Words, 
and Sixpence for every eight words after. AU Situation 
Advertisements must be pre/iaid. 

I •«• RepHes to adverti.seraents can be received at the 

j office, Clement's House, Clement's Inn-pa.ssage, Strand, 

W.C, F'ree of charge.. li to be forwarded under cover to 

advertiser an extra charge of Sixpence is made. (See 

Notice at head of " Situations.") 

Sat*s for Trade Advertisements on front piige, and 
special and other positions, can be obtained on application 
to the Publisher. 

Advertisements for the current week must reach the 
office nut later than 3 p.m. on Thui-sday. Front-page 
Advertisements and alter.itions in serial advertisements 
mufrt reach the office by Tuesday morning to secure 

Received. — D. H. J. — A. H. and Co.— F. B. and Co.— 
R.C. andCo., Ltd.— T. and H.— A.— Two and One.— 
Western-R. H. L.— E. B. and Co.— H. and H.— Dodo. 
—J. M. and Co.-.I. A. and Co.-K. T. L.— .1. P.— 
M. and Co., Ltd.— H. and G. 

Mersev. — Yes. 

D. J. L.— No. 

M. J. W. — Cannot spire space. 

Trader.— See our "Directory" page. 

E.S-VU1RER (Liverpool). — Batsford, 94, High Holbom, 
W. C. will be able Xai recommend one or two, and 
probably supply at second-hand price.\rv.— Cakebread. Robey, and Co., Stoke Xewington, 
N., make a very good drain cleaner, which quite does 
away with the contingency you refer to. 

.T. N. Leiioi, Assist.vst Scrvf.yor, and Others. — 
Enquire of B. T. Batsford, ill. High Holborn, W.C. 
He stocks all such books, and will always take an 
intelligent interest in selecting such as are most suitable 
10 inquirers. 

The annual general meeting and president's 
address, of the Gloucestershire Architectural 
Association, wili take place at the Municipal . 
^ichool9, Gloucester, on Tuesday, .Tan. ii), at 7 p.m. j 

.k'^r? 'r'"'**'^!' I'rban Council have decided to offer 
the Guiseley Waterworks Company «;1-J,()0I) for the ' 
whole of their waterworks undertaking. The only 
■point in dispute between the parties is as to who 
shall bear the costs of the transfer. 

Drawinos {Iecbived. — *'Claude," " Boland," ''Irk." 

.\t a meeting of Stirling Archaological Society on 
Tuesday night, a paper on " The Disintegration of 
the National K,:clesiastic3l Jlonuments of .Scotland'* 
was read by Mr. Charles E. Wtiitelaw, architeot, 



To the Editor of the Building Nbw8. 

Sii:, — A list of very worthy architects has jnst 
been published to stand aloof from the proliminnry 
competition for the above important work, and 
enter only in the final stage. It contains the 
names of many who, it is diliicult to believe, can 
.adequately represent all that is best in English 
architectural work of a public or monumental 
character in Enghmd to-day. We cannot be 
accused of writing in a carping spirit, :us we raise 
no claim to being on the top drawer ourselves, 
and, unfortunately, see little chance of over 
resting there : but from a careful study of eon- 
temporary work, may we venture to imiuire if it 
is not .almost unlcind to select ecclesiastical and 
domestic specialists not only from their own 
personal point of view, but from that of the 
public as well r Does, for instance, a delightful 
and pic'turesque treatment of oak shingles, lead 
lights with enormous cameo, Hag or thatch roofs 
— worthy of all admiration as they are — give any 
ground for sui)posing that the autlior can succos.s- 
i'uUy cope with a problem of this magnitude r 
Does, again, the erection of a thoroughly satis- 
factory church establish similar claims y In fact, 
to sum the matter up, much more capable archi- 
tects for the work in question could have been 
found to take the place of practically half those 
on the list. — We are, Arc, Two Phovincials. 


Siu, — The awarding of this first premium is 
the most deplorable decision that has been given 
in .any school competition for a very long time. It 
is(|uite unpardonable that such an adjudication 
should be possible. There are some excellent 
schemes submitted, which makes the result all the 
more flagrant. The chosen plan has si.t of the 
classrooms facing nortli ; all the w.c.'s, &c. arc 
in the main block of building, and are lighted 
and ventilated at o;tch side of the principal 
entrance. The main corridor is only 7ft. wide, 
and the sick-room is on the lower ground floor. 
The ground and lirst-tloor staircases seem to be 
absolutely without any light whatever, and the 
corridors are lit l>y borrowed lights. The eleva- 
tions will not bear serious criticisms ; in fact, the 
design is unworthy of a second thought. I hear 
the promoters are far from satisfied. 1 Ic.ive been 
to see the plans, and urn fairly disgusted at the 
result. — Yours truly, F.K.I.B.A. 


Sill, — I have read your leading articlo on limited 
competitions with interest, but I differ from the 
conclusions you draw, for the following reasons : 

The ration d'i'tf for a competition seems to me' 
to be the desire of a public body to got the best 
building possible. 

This object is largiily defeated if the competi- 
tion is limited to a small number of local archi- 
tects. If one building is so small that it is hardly 
worth superintending from a distance, I admit 
that a competiticm may wisely be localised, or 
done away with altogether. I have often thought 
it would be better if more direct selections were 
made in the case of small buildings. . 

But it seems to me that the more the services of 
good men in the profession are utilised, without 
regaril to local areas, the bettor it will be for 
architecture, and this is the tendency of the open 
competitive system. 

Nor does it seem to me to matter if a very large 
number of designs are sent in : it will take a good 
assessor no greatly increased time to select from 
1'20 than from '20, and the chance of getting the 
best thing seems to me to be increased by the 
wider field. Neither can I see that the time 
allowed for a competition need be greater with a 
large than a sm.all number of competitors. lam 
in what appears to be a minority among architects 
in thinking it reasonable enough for the County 
Council to allow foreigners to submit designs for 
the County Hall. If, in spite of the diflicnlty of 
working under diliicult and novel conditioas. 
they can beat us (which, I believe, is unlikely), 
Ijoiidon should have the adv.antage of their akilL 
Most open cximpetitions are. in fact, reillv inter- 
national ; there were no clauses in the Birming- 
ham Council House extension which excluded 



Jan. 25, 1907. 

foreigners, nor could a foreign design have been 

I believe the real reason why so many provin- 
cial competitions are limited is that so mnny 
county and municipal authorities are employing 
their own officials — indulging, in fact, in a form 
of municipal trading, which has nothing to re- 
commend it. and which is pressing very heavily 
on provincial men, .so that they desire to limit 
what work there is to themselves. — I am. &c.. 
HiiitiiKKT W. Wills. 






The corporation of King's Lynn have received 
the Local (lovemment Board's sanction to the 
borrowing of a loan of £/i,000 lor waterworks 

Ten architects practising in the St,ate of California 
have combiued for the purpose of testing the con- 
stitutionality of the Architects' License Act in 
that State. Early in December they were arrested 
for practising their profession without having been 
licensed so to do by the State Board of Architects, 
and they and some two hundred others who aie 
allied with them in this movement intend to tight 
the case through every court until the constitu- 
tionahty of the Act has been established or over- 

The Bishop of London unveiled at the Church of 
St. Bartholomew the Great, West Smithfleld, the 
window of the Lady Chapel, thus bringing the work 
of restoration, uuder Sir Aston Webb's direction, to 
a close. 

As a memorial to the late Lady Grey, wife of the 
Secretary for Foreign Affairs, a new building 
attached to the village clubhouse, has been opened 
at Itchen Abbas, near Winchester. 

Mr. Alfred Creer, city surveyor and engineer, of 
York, has placed his resignation unreservedly iu the 
hands of the Streets and Buildings Committee, and 
it will in due course be laid before the corporation. 

Mr. W. H. St. John Hope, F.S.A., writes pro- 
testing against the proposal of the Selby Abbey 
Eestoration Committee to entrust the execution of 
the new fittings for the Abbey Cliurch choir to the 
Ober-Ammergau carvers. He adds: ** Perhaps those 
who are contemplating a favourable reply to the 
several appeils that have been made for the repair 
and refitting of this noble abbey church may see fit 
to make it a condition that their subscriptions are 
applied to our own good English work, and not to 
the cheaper foreign stuff that can be ' made in 
Bavaria.' " 

At the Norwich CDUsistory-court on Thursday 
week, a faculty was granted for the erection of a 
brass memorial-tablet on the north side of the 
chapel of St. John Baptist Church, Felixstowe, m 
memory of the late Mr. de Burgh d'Arcy. Citation 
was issued to the vicar and churchwardens of St. 
Margaret's Church, Ipswich, for a faculty to remove 
the ort^au from the present chamber at the north- 
east angle of the church, and rebuild it in the south 
transept, and to convert the preseut organ-chamber 
into a choir vestry. The cost of the works is 
estimated at £800. Faculties were decreed for the 
erection of an oak reredos in the parish church of 
East Ruston : for the execution of necessary repairs 
to the roof and the tower of ',St. Agnes' Church, 
I'awston, and for the insertion of a stained-glass 
window iu the nave of Mundford Church. 

The Prince of Wales will lay on Friday, April 26, 
the foundation-stone of the new premises of the 
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in F.ireign 
PartJ. The freehold site is at the corner of Wood- 
street and Tufton-street, and near the Koyal 
Architectural Museum. The architect is Sir 
William Emerson. 

The construction of the electric tramway between 
West Timperly and Altrinchara, a distance of two 
miles, was commenced by the tramways department 
of the Manchester Corporation on Mondaj'. 

( )n Monday morning an important road restora- 
tion rendered necessary by the gradual and con- 
tinuous sinkage in Castle-street, Xorthwicb, was 
seriously embarked upon. t>ne hundred yards of 
road has sunk. I* was raised 6lt. eight years ago, 
but now at one point it is 7ft. Gin. below the original 

The partnership heretofore subsistiiifj between 
C. Dalgliesh. H. B. Vale, and E. L. Pierce, sur- 
veyors, iJcc, Caver.sham, under the style of Dalgliesh 
and Pierce, has been dissolved, so far as regards 
E. L. Pierce. 

Sir Thomas Drew, P.R.I.B.A., Presideut of the 
U.iyal Hibernian Academy, ha^ baen electpd an 
honorary member of the Koyal Society of British 

The Hants, Wilts, and Dorset branch of the 
Auctioneers' Institute held its annual general meet- 
ing at Southampton on Wednesday, when Mr. John 
Marks (member of the council) read a paper on 
" The Licensing Act, I9f)t." 


ri221-l.l— Fees-— It is ditRcult to answer this question 
without knowin* the actual wording of the eoofiition^ ; 
but the ordinary custom is that commission shall be paid 
on the value ot extrss ordered by the proprietor, and it 
seems as if it should hold ^ood in this case. If taken 
before any county-court judje, this would in all proba- 
bility be upheld, as the penvntaore on the stipulated cost 
could not be held to cover work not contemplated at the 
time the charg-e was agreed upon.— X. 

[1221 V.l— Fees. — "Enquirer " is eutitled to be paid 
5 per cent, on the whole of the work which has gone 
through his hands as architect. — R. E. Carpknter and 
Sun, Measuring and Quantity Surveyor!, 112, St. Peter's- 
road, Leicester. 

[12245.]— Fair Charg'es. — The usual charge made 
by surveyors for examining and passing building accounts 
is ] or 10s. per cent, and we should consider this a fair 
charge for you to make. — Rohf.v E. Carcenter and Son, 
Quantity "and Measuring Surveyors and Arbitrators, 

[12245.]— Fair Charges. —A reasonable and proper 
fee for this would be 1 ' per cent, for extras and 1 per cent, 
for omissions, presuming that all the work has to be 
measured, and that the quantities have previously been 
L-harged for.— Qcantities. 

[12216.]— Roof.— A framed steel roof would probablv 
best meet the case, su^'h as that of the Pavilioo at Carditf. 
which was constructed by Mes.srs. Dawnay and Sons, and 
illustrated in Fig. 151 of " Modern Buildings," Vol. iv. 
This has a clear span of :i5ft. lin.. and a total rise of 9ft. 
5Mn. above the springingline. — F. 

[12247.]— Oil Gas.— A chapter upon the use of oil gas 
appears at the end of " Modem Buildings." Vol. iii., giving 
full information upon the subject ; though possibly more 
details might be obtained by communieating with the 
author, Mr. H. L. Godden, 11, Coleherne-road, South 
Kensington. S.W.— F. 

[12249. 1 — Day Works. — The usual proflts allowed 
upon day accounts vary from 5 to 15 per cent., according 
to the extent and nature of the work. We should say 12t 
per cent, in your case would be a fair and reasonable 
profit.- R. E. Carcester and Son, liuantity Surveyors 
and Arbitrators, 112, St. Peter's-road, Leicester. 

Hamilton,' N.B.— The formal opening of the 
sewage purification works at Hamilton was per- 
formed on Friday. For nearly twenty years the 
question of the purification of the sewage of the 
burgh has proved a difficult problem to the town 
council, the expense of the project on the one hand 
causing popular opposition, while a site for purifi- 
cation works could hardly be got on account of the 
mineral subsidences all around. After many troubles 
a site was found on the line of the Wellshawbnrn, 
immediately adjoining the public park and the 
Backmuir Plantation of the Auchinraith policies, 
to deal with the sewage of the areas of the burgh 
known as Burnbank, Greenfield, and Springwell, 
which was previously discharged iu a crude state 
into the river Clyde at Bothwell Bridge through the 
outfall sewers following the lines ot the Park and 
Welhhaw Burns. Mr. Wyllie, C.E., is the engineer. 

The Cheshire County Council have decided to 
build a new secondary school at Crewe, to cost 
about £18,000. A site has been secured in Ruskin- 
road, and plans have been approved. The school 
will accommodate between ;ioO and 400 students, 
drawn from the town and district. It wdl also be a 
centre for the training of pupil teachers. 

At the quarterly meeting of the Herefordshire 
County Council, the roads and bridges committee 
reported with much regret that they had received 
intimation of the resignation of Mr. A. Dryland, 
owms to his appointment as county surveyor of 
Wiltshire. The report was adopted. Sir Richard 
Harington giving notice that he would propose a 
resolution in reference to Mr. Dryland's services at 
a subsequent meeting of the council. Mr. Alfred 
Drylaud, A.M.I.C.E., was borough surveyor of 
Deal from 1883 to ISIIO, when he became an assistant 
county surveyor ot Kent. He was appointed county 
surveyor of Herefordshire in 1898. 

Mr. W. A. Ducat, inspector of the Local Govern- 
ment Board, held an inquiry at the town hall, 
Maidstone, on Friday in reference to the application 
of the corporation to borrow £3(!l) for paving Bank- 
street with wood. 

Mr. E. R'mbault Dibdin, curator of the Liverpool 
Corporation Art tiallery, intimates that the corpora- 
tion has arranged to hold an exhibition of the works 
of Mr. W. Holmau-Ilunt, from February 2 to 
March 2. 

The parish church of Kingston, which has been 
involved in the general wreck, was dear to the heart 
of the Colonists in ,Tamaica, not alone for its com- 
parative antiquity— it was erected in 1682 — but 
because of the historic memories with which it was 
associated. Within its walls rested the remains of 
Admiral Benbow, who is described on his tomb as 
*' a true pattern of English courage, who died, at 
Kingston, of a wound in his leg received in an 
engagement with Monsieur Du Casse, Nov, 4, 1702." 

The late Sir Charles Philip Huntington, first 
Bart., aged 73, of Astley Bank. Darwen, Lanes, 
and of Chelsea Embankment, S.W., wall-paper 
manufacturer. Liberal M.P. for Darwen 1892-5, left 

The Ardrossan Drydock and Shipbuilding t'om- 
pany have just completed the construction of a new 
slip to replace the chain-rod system of haulage 
hitherto in use. The new slip is l.iSft. in length, 
and can accommodate vessels of COO tons reofister. 
t)n to this slip vessels can be hauled by a double set 
of wire ropes withiu 20 minutes. 

The general purposes committee of the Bolton 
Corporation have approved the negotiations with 
Sir William Hulton, Bart., for the purchase ot the 
Longworth Estate, consisting of 1,631 acres for 
waterworks extension for the sum of £60,000. The 
town council have confirmed the purchase, which is 
at the rate of £37 per acre. 

The department of prints and drawings in the 
British Museum has added to its stores by purchase 
from the Goupil Gallery three characteristic draw- 
ings by the lamented artist, Hercules Brabaion 

Gideon Congregational Chapel, Newfoundland- 
street, Bristol, has just been restored at the cost ot 
the lay pastor, Mr. L. P. Nott, and has beenre- 
opened this week. About six months ago Mr. Nott 
undertook to see the work of restoration earned 
through, the estimated figure being then £1,000. 
It was found necessary, however, to refloor and re- 
roof the church, so that the entire cost will be fully 
£l,.i00. The windows are new, the heating and 
ventilation brought up to date, and the organ is 
being rebuilt. The old pulpit has been removed and 
replaced by a rostrum, and the old pews are being 
replaced by chairs. 

The first sod was cut on Friday at Bamber Bndge, 
near Preston, of a new cotton-mill to contain 
120,000 spindles. The mill has a capital of £100,000, 
and is being erected by the Bamber Bridge Spinning 
and Weaving Co., Ltd. 

Work in connection with the building of the 
new lunatic asylum for the county of Essex com- 
menced on Monday, when the contractors, Messrs. 
Chesham, of Bow, started laymg a "corduroy '' road, 
formed of railway sleepers, which will carry the 
rails for the trolleys used in the conveyance of 
building materials over the large area at Boxted, 
near Colchester, on which the asylum will be 
erected. Messrs. Howard and Son, of Colchester, 
have obtained the carting contract. The Salvation 
Army Farm Settlement, which borders the asylum 
grounds, is also getting busy, and 32 paira of 
picturesque cottages are in course of erection on 
the "Army" estate, under the superintendence of 
Mr. Alexander Gordon, the consulting architect. 
Ten pairs ot these cottages are being built by Messrs. 
Boulton and Paul, of Norwich, and another ten by 
Messrs. Jones and Son, ot Westminster, whilst four 
pairs are being put up by Mr. A. E. Cook, of 

At Ilkley, on Friday afternoon, two of the 
workmen at the new town hall— Frank Carter, 
foreman bricklayer, and William Mitchell, a mason 
— fell from a scaffold a distance of nearly 40ft., and 
were killed on the spot. Two other men escaped 
with a severe shaking and bruises. The contractor 
for the mason-work is Mr. George Smith, Ilkley, 
and for him the whole of the men concerned in the 
accident worked. 

The Weaverham Council Schools, Cheshire, are 
being warmed and ventilated by means ot Shor- 
land's patent Manchester grates, the same being, 
supplied by Messrs. E. H. Shorland and Brother, of ' 

A Local Government Board inquiry is to be held 
at Norwich on the 31st inst. into an application for 
sanction to borrow £54,000 for works of sewage 

Messrs. S. Pearson and Son, of London, who have 
in hand a good deal of tunnel construction for the 
Pennsylvania Railroad, have completed one section 
of the tunnel which is to connect New York with 
Long Island City. This section extends from the 
Long Island City Railroad Station to the beginnmg 
of the under-river tubes, and is ready for the laying 
of the metals. The concrete lining, 22in. thick, has 
been finished, the arched brick ceiling built up, and 
the " bench," or walking space, constructed. There 
are separate couduits in the tunnel for signal and 
lighting wires. 

The new railway station just opened at Hamburg 
consists of three spans, the centre one 239ft. 
width and two side-spans each lOOtt. wide. The 
height of the central span is 114ft., and that of the 
side-spans 62-3ft. in each case. The length of the 
central building is 479fl., and there is an entrance 
hall at one end, making the entire length .'■)64ft. 4in, 
The weight of iron used in the various roofs amounto 
to 3,500 tons. 

Jan. 25, 1907. 




The R.I.B.A. Prize Competitions 

. ... no 

A New Risk for Contractors 


■Camberwell School nf Arts and Crafts 


Eoval Institute of British Arrhiteots 


Architects' Benevolent Society 

. ... 12.3 

The Society of Miniature Painters 

. ... i2;t 

Palace of i'eace at the Haffiie 

. ... 121 

America Revisited : Xotes bv Harry Hems.— IX 

. ... 124 

Practical Sanitation 


Motorists and Dustless Roads 

. ... 12G 

Caen Stone at Canterbury Cathedral 

. ... 126 



Buildin? Intelligence 


En^eerinf? Notes 

. ... 128 


. ... 12S 

Professional and Trade Societies 






Water Supply and Sanitary Matters 

. ... 130 

The BiriLDisr, Nkus Dii-ectory 

. ... I.X. 

Our Illustrations 

. ... 131 

Legal Intellifjence 

. ... 150 

Our OtHce Table 


Meetinss for the Knsuin^ Week 

. ... 152 

Latest Prices 

. ... I5:i 


. ... l.'il 

List of Competitions Open 

. ... 155 

List of Tenders Open 

. ... l.)3 



Our 3Illustratt0ns. 

NEW .Sl()TL.\Nl> V.iKD E.\TEXSI<)X. 

TuE. erection of this conspicuous and remarkably 
notable building became necessary in consequence 
of the great increase of police business in recent 
years. It has been designed by Jlr. Norman 
Shaw. K.A., the working drawings prepared in the 
oflice of the Police Surveyor, ilr. J. Dixon P.utler, 
F.Il.I.B.A., and the work carried out under his 
supervision by Slessrs. ,Iohn Jlowlem and Co., the 
contractors. In the early stages of the work 
considerable diUiculty arose from the fact that 
most of the east and south fronts had to be carried 
on stanchions and girders over the District 
Railway Tunnel and Station. This portion of the 
■"fork was designed and caiTied out under the 
tiirection of Sir John WoUe Barry : special pre- 
■cautions being taken for the preservation and 
maintenance of the steelwork. The building is 
one of 10 stories, containing upwards of 100 
rooms, and is of tire-resisting construction 
throughout. The materials used externally are 
granite, Portland cement, and red brickwork, 
the latter specially made, rising five courses to the 
foot. The roof is covered with Tilberthwaite 
slating. The old and new buildings are connected 
at the first-floor level by a bridge 1 4ft. wide, with 
atotal height above the roadway of about .'.Oft. 
The urns on the Embankment-gate piers are of 
^st lead by Messrs. Elsley and Co., from Mr. 
bhaw's special designs; the wrought-iron gates 
are also by this firm. In addition to the open fire- 
places, the building is heated bv a low-pressure 
hot-water system. The various sub-contractors 
are:--lIosaic work. Messrs. Diespeker and, Co. • 
hydraulic hft, Messrs. A. Smith and Stevens. The 
cost of the block, including the foundation, is up- 
wards of .£80,000. Mr. J. S. Ham was the clerk 
oi works. 


The portion of the church shown on this drawing 
froni last year's Academy, 1906, consists of one bay 
of the nave and aisles, the chancel arch, and 'a 
part of the chancel. The oak screen, with figure 
■of St. Andrew, shows the type of screen 
with varied details iu the four east and west 
Days of the nave arcade enclosing the chapels 
baptistery, and vestries. The two intervening 
■bays on each side of the nave have a cambered 
beam only, supporting in the centre of each of 
the eight arches the figure of a siiint. A similar 
«cr«en encloses the belfry in the tower, with the 
•west window beyond. The nave, chancel, and 
aisle roofs, the canopied pulpit, with the arms of 
the dioeese and emblems of the Evangelists the 
litany desk and lectern, the rood, with emblems 
ot the Paiision beneath, the organ and choir seats 
are all m oak. ThewaU corbel pieces on each side of 
the hve prmcipals of the nave roof have canopied 
niches, with figures of the saints, and in the 
cornice over the clerestory are arranged shields, 
with the emblems of the cardinal and theological 

i-irtues. the fruits of the Holy (ihost, and other ! are of brick, and the house is roofed with hand- 

emblems. Each of the chairs in front has a 
prie-dieu in place of the usual kneeling-mat, 
a space of 'Jin. being left between the chairs, 
and ;!yin. from bade to back of each sitting. 
The chancel screen is in wrought iron : the 
sanctuary lamps, two altar lights, candelabra 
in the aacrarium, altar rail, and large pendant 
lamps for general lighting are in burnished 
brass. The steps and leaving throughout are 
in Hopton Wood stone of two colours, 
polished, relieved also by dark Derbyshire 
marble. The reredos consists of a gabled 
triptych, gilded and burnished with the sub- 
ject of the Crucifixion in colour, the h;ise of 
the triptych and retable, with projecting wings 
for the two altar lights, being executed in dark 
Derbyshire marble. Tlie subject of " The Ascen- 
sion " is introduced in the three-light east window 
above. The sedilia in the south wall has three 
canopied bays under docketed gables in stone, 
opposite to which an episcopal chair is proposed 
in oak. The organ pipes are gilded with bur- 
nish"- d enrichments as indicated. The hangings 
at the east end and front;ds were executed by the 
Sisters of Bethany, the ornament being kept 
broad in treatment, so as to be visible and effective 
from the nave. The scheme of glass suggested 
and worked out by the Rev. D. E. Young, the 
former vicar, has been executed with unusual rich- 
ness of effect in glass of varying thickness, carefully 
selected for quality and texture by Mr. James 
Egan, The Studio, W., who also modelled and 
executed the winged figures to the organ, the 
lamps, candelabra, and other ornaments. The 
glass in the five windows of the chancel illustrates : 
(1) Our Lord's Baptism, (2) His Transfiguration, 
(3) His Ascension, (4) The Church Militant, 
(5) Our Lord's Final Victory. The litany dj'sk 
has a representation of the Jlercy Seat ; and 
the Ark, with staves, surmounted' by the two 
cherubims, their faces looking downward to the 
Mercy Seat, and their wings covering it, with 
the name of tied in Hebrew surrounded by rays 
of glory. The whole is enclosed in a border, in 
which the words " Kyrie Eleison." " Christe 
Eleison," "Kyrie Eleison" are carved. The 
lectern is triangular in form, one side bearing the 
Sacred Monogram, with " Cielum et terra tran- 
sitibunt, " \-c. ; another the Alpha and Omega, 
with "In principio erat verbum," ,S:c. : and the 
third a St. Andrew's Cross, with " Sic erit verbum 
meum quod egredietur." &c. The entire cost 
was defrayed by the late Walter tJore Marshall, 
of Hambleton Hall, Jlessrs. Cornish and tiaymer, 
of North Walsham, being the contractors. The 
architect is Mr. John T. Lee, of Great James- 
street, Bedford-row. 


TnE house of the (irey Friars is situate upon a 
branch of the Stour. It is said to have been the first 
permanent home of the order in this country. 
The Little Fathers of St. Francis came to England 
in 1'2'J4. during the lifetime nf their founder, and 
are said to have settled in Canterbury, in 1270, soon 
after which date the building shown in the sketch 
is stated to have been erected by an agreement of 
1204. The order became tenants of Christ 
Church, not being permitted to hold lands of their 
own. In later times the Grey Friars was the 
residence of Richard Lovelace the poet, and one of 
the Cavaliers of Charles I. 

T. Finxi; Gkeex. 


The tower appears to have been arranged to span 
an existing right-of-way, and form a vaulted 
porch to the already built west door of church. 
Tradition assigns its inception to Cardinal 

made red tiles. All windows have solid wooden 
frames, steel casements, and simple leaded 
glazing. Internally the rooms are quietly treated 
with deep friezes, and distempered plaster below. 
The hall is panelled in oak, and the staircase is 
of oak. Near the house is the gardener's cottage, 
with stable and engine-house. The electric- 
lighting plant and wiring was carried out by 
Messrs. Cunnington, of St. i\Iartin's-lano, W.C. 
The sewage is treated in a siqitic tank, with coke 
filters fed by Stoddart's distributors. The builders 
were Messrs. Tompsett and Co.. of Farnham. 
Mr. W. H. Ansell, A.R.I. B. A., is the architect. 


Miss EvELY.v P.vri,, the winner of a National 
Silver Jledal from the Board of Education, South 
Kensington, has lent us these studies, which 
formed part of her competition work. We have 
the more important ones 3'et to give. The present 
selection shows " La Belle Isoude nearing Corn- 
wall." "Fatima," and " Lilith, the First Wife 
of Adam." All three fajiiliar subjects enough, 
but here treated with delicate taste and decorative 


This building is intended to consist of a Club and 
Business l^xchange, and the plans appearing with 
the elevations show the arrangeuients on the two 
chief fioors. The sample rooms are to be in the 
basement, where there is to be a safe deposit of 
about .)S0 safes. A Turkish bath forms part of the 
scheme. The exchange on the ground Hoor will 
be .S4ft. by 32ft.. with a central telephone 
exchange, a post-office, and a bank. On the first 
Hoor a second exchange hall is provided with a 
library a2ft. by 2.sft., and a smoking-room 
adjoining. The club is quite distinct from the. 
exchange, and part of the available space below, 
not needed by either club or exchange, will be 
utilised for shops. Jlr. Robert J. Worley is the 
architect. The site is in Kingsway. with a return 
to Sardinia-street. 


OxE of the pieces here represented is a Monastery ' 
Chair of the 17th century in walnut, with carved 
and gilt terminals. The back of Genoese green 
cut velvet, bordered with gold galloon ; the seat 
upholstered with old green \'elvet, with gold 
galloon and bullion fringe. The Coffer is of the 
16th century, also in walnut, with finely-moulded 
panels : the front centre occupied with heraldic 
carving and the ends with carved Caryatide 
figures. The whole is supported on carved claw 
feet. These pieces have been on view at Messrs. 
^'Waring's Exhibition, in Oxford-street. The 
Bureau is a fine specimen of the early form of 
writing bureau. The lower part contains four 
drawers : the upper portion has numerous small 
drawers, with cupboard in the centre. This 
bureau is made of finely-figured walnut. The 
Ladder-back Chair is of the Chippendale period, 
simple and unobtrusive. 

Wolsey. and its present state of incompleteness to : several miles of sewers, the construction of bacterial 

his downfall. The tower measures, internally, 
13ft. 6in. each way, with walls about 6ft. Oin. 
thick ; angle buttresses, measuring 8ft. 7in. 
across, suggest that a considerable height was 
intended, especially as they appear to be quite 
solid in construction — i.e., without stairways. 
The walls are of brick internally, as are rear 
arches, the facing being of stone, much decayed 
in places, with Uint filling, the latter squared and 
arranged in courses. The detail is, in common 
with much Late work in this part of Suffolk, far 
less shallow than one expects at this date. 




Tins house has recently been built on high ground 
near Farnham. The main portion of walls is of 
brick, roughcast, having a base of grey stocks, 

tanks and filters, and provision for dealing with 
storm water. 

Mr. .T. H. Seymour, chief engineer on the Govern- 
ment railways, Jamaica, whose name appears among 
the list of those killed in the disaster, is a Leeds 
man, his parents residing at Carlton-row, Holtieck. 
He was trained at Sir .Tames Kitson's engineering 
works, where he was leading engineer. 

At the Guildhall. Bath, on Thursday night, Mr. 
Meade King, inspector of the Local Government 
Board, held an inquiry into the application of the 
town council for power te purchase compulsorily 
property in the Dolemeads, required by them for the 
provision of houses for the working classes and for 
the widening of Middle-lane. The tacts of the pro- 
posal had been obtained by the inspector in an 
inspection of the locality, and the only opposition 
was by a town councillor, who said to obtain proper 
workmen's dwellings the council should leave the 


The 90th issue of Laxton's Price Book well main- 
tains its old reputation. Prieers &eena well brought 
up to date, and all current matters of interest to the 
various trades are competently dealt with. 

At the annual general meeting, held at the rooms 
of the society in Hanover-square on Monday even- 
ing, Mr. Uilbert R. Kedgrave was elected the 
president of the Bibliographical Society of London. 

The Xewport Pagnell Rural District Council have 
approved of a scheme of main sewerage and sewage 
disposal for Sherington, which involves the laying of 

with red quoins and diamonds. The chimneys Dolemeads and go out of town to high ground. 



Jan. 25, 1907, 




The Building 




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Jan. 25, 1907. 



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Jan. 2o. 1907, 


Damaces agaixst AncHiTECTs Fon Alleged 
Neglioext Advice. — In the King's Bench Division 
on Wednesday the case of *'Findlayand Another 
V. Carvell " came on for hearing before the Lord 
Chief Justice and a special jury, an action by 
Messrs. Findlay and Roques, architects practising in 
London, Edinburgh, and IJurgees Hill, Sussex, to 
recover from the defendant, Mrs. Carvell, fees for 
plans, specifications, «S:c., in respect to the building 
of two houses for the defendant at Burgess Hill. 
The defendant admitted the plantiffs' claim less the 
sum of £11, but counterclaimed against them 
for damages for alleged negligent advice, 
whereby she said she had suffered loss. As 
the plaintiffs' claim was admitted, the only issue 
was the defendant's counterclaim. Mr. Macnaghten, 
in opening the counterclaim, said the negligence of 
the plaintiffs had caused the defendant a large 
pecuniary loss. In 1S!:I9 defendant inherited some 
property, consisting of a villa in 1 f acres of land, at 
Burgess Hill. In 1902 the plaintiff", Findlay, sug- 
gested to defendant that the property should be 
developed and that she should employ an architect, 
and told her that there was a great demand in the 
locality for houses letting from £40 to £4.') per 
annum. Defendant instructed Mr. Findlay to get 
out plans of two houses. Mr. Findlay told her 
that she woidd get a return of G per cent. 
on her capital outlay, which he anticipated would 
not be more than about £2,300. The lowest tender 
for the erection of the two houses was, however, 
£3,27(i, and the value of the land brought it up to 
a total of about £4,000. A tender was accepted, and 
the houses were built. Every eft'ort was made 
during 1900 to let the houses or to sell them, but 
without success. In 190.>, defendant put them up 
for sale by auction, and although the property was 
widely advertised not a single bid was obtained. 
Finally, the defendant was compelled to sell 
the smaller of the two houses for £l,loO, and 
she still had the other house on her hands. 
Mr. Findlay, one of the plaintiffs, gave evidence 
denying that he had given the defendant the advice 
alleged, and stating that he had prepared the plans 
of the houses on her suggestion. The jury returned 
a verdict for the plaintiffs for the amount of their 
fees (£198), and for the defendant on the counter- 
claim for £350 damages, and judgment was entered 
accordingly ; but as the planitiffs had received £171 
on account of their fees, the verdict on the claim 
was reduced to £27. 

Ix EE C. Gkay Hill. — At Bankruptcy Buildings, 
Carey-street, on Wednesday, an adiourned first 
meeting of creditors was held under the receiving 
order made on December S against Mr. Charles 
'Jrray Hill, builder and contractor, South-place, 
Finsbury, and Godiva - street, Coventry. Mr. 
W. (t. Williams, Assistant Official Receiver, presided. 
The gross liabilities were estimated at £o 1 ,932 3s. 4d. , 
of which £4o,!il9 8s. 2d. was expected to rank, and 
the assets at £32,180 ISs. Od. The debtor states that 
his failure is due to want and lock-up of capital, 
which prevented his completing contracts that he 
had on hand. The first meeting stood adjourned to 
give the debtor a further opportunity of placing a 
proposal before his creditors; and it was now stated 
that he had consented to be adjudged bankrupt. 
Mr. R. J. Ward and Mr. A. H. Ca'sar, chartered 
accountants, wereappointedtrusteesof thebankrupt's 
estate, and a committee of inspection was also 

Fouty Pouxds for a Fallixii Bkiok. — At Bow 
County Court on Wednesday, before Judge Smyly, 
K.C, and a jurv, Alfred Clare, a bricklayer, of 
Spencer -street. West Ham, brought an action 
against Mr. G. Sharpe, builder and contractor, of 
Plaistow, to recover compensation for injuries 
sustained while following his employment. On 
(October ') last the defendant's workmen were 
engaged in erecting a stationmaster's house at 
Angel-road Railway Station, Edmonton, and the 
plaintiff" was on the ground floor, when, as he was 
stooping, a brick fell from an upper part of the 
works and struck him on the back of the neck. 
He alleged serious injury in conseiiuence, particu- 
larly as affecting his head and sight, the result being 
that he had been under constant medical attention, 
and had been for a considerable period incapacitated 
from woik. The defence was that at the time of 
the accident the plaintiff was working in a place 
against orders given by a son of the defendant. The 
jury, however, found for the plaintiff", aud assessed 
the damages at £40 lOs. 

Ix Re Thompsox, Blois, axd Co., (iRACE- 
onuRCH-STREET, E.G. — At Bankruptcy-buildings, 
W.C, on Monday, an adjourned first meeting of 
creditors was held under a receiving order recently 
made against Thompson, Blois, aud Co., timber 
brokers and merchant^, described as of 17, Graco- 
church -street, E.G. Mr, Egerton S. <4rey. Official 
Receiver, presided. The statement of affairs filed 
by Mr. Eardh'y Steuart Blois, who says that he 
constitutes the firm of Thompson, Blois, and 
Co., showed liabilities £2S,976 4s. 9d., of which 
£20,*i.5l 9s. Id. was expected to rank for dividend, 
and estimated assets £3,M12 33. Id. In his deficiency 

account, dating from Jan. 1, 1904, the debtor 
returned the following items : — Loss in trading 
£12,304 Us. 4d., bad debts £7,8o6 ISs. 4d., and 
interest on loans £2,.i98 12s. "d. The meeting had 
been adjourned in order that the debtor might have 
an opportunity of submitting a proposal, but the 
chairman reported that none had been lodged, and 
the Court had made an order adjudging the debtor 
bankrupt. In the absence of any resolution, the 
estate remained in the hands of the Official Receiver 
as trustee for administration. 

A Mancuej-ter Areitkatiox. — An important 
arbitration has just been concluded in ^Manchester 
before Sir John RoUeston (past president of tffe 
Surveyors' Institution) to assess the compensation to 
be paid by the corporation of Manchester to the owners 
of a projecting block of buildings in Long Millgate 
and Fennel-street acquired by the corporation. Mr. 
T. Silk Wilson was arbitrator for the claimants, 
and Mr. J. D. Wallis acted in a similar capacity for 
the corporation. The claim was for £3-3,000, and 
the evidence of the claimants' witnesses ranged 
from £31,475 to £32,722 ; while the experts for the 
corporation estimated the compensation payable at 
from £17,599 to £1.S,322. The umpire has awarded 
the sum of £25,957. 

Ix Re Jas. Moir.— An application for an order 
of discharge was made on Friday by Mi-, James 
Moir, against whom a receiving order was made on 
July 19, 1906, after he had carried on business as a 
timber merchant, under the style of Moir aud Co., 
at 29, Fenchurch- street, E.G. The trustee had 
reported that the claims in the bankniptcy would 
probably amount to £4,252, and that a dividend of 
about 4s. or 4s. 3d. in the pound might be declared. 
The bankrupt formerly carried on busmess at 
Albany, New York, and in 1890 made an assign- 
ment for the benefit of the creditors, whose claims 
were estimated at £10,000, and who were stated to 
have received about 5s. iu the pound. He attri- 
buted his present failure to bad trade, depreciation 
in the value of stock, aud loss on contracts, ilr. 
Registrar Brougham, on statutory grounds, sus- 
pended the discharge for two years. 

Ix Re Geo. Bullock, Shrewsbury, — A meeting 
of the creditors of George Bullock, builder and 
contractor, Shrewsbury, was held at the Law 
Society's otffce, Shrewsbury, on Saturday, The 
debtor was not present. The Official Receiver (Mr. 

F. Cariss) said the debtor had failed to carry out a 
contract he had entered into for the building of a 
Baptist i-hapel at Llandrindod Wells, at an esti- 
mated cost of about £4,000, and there was still work 
to be carried out in connection with the contract to 
the extent of about £1,000. It was thought that 
from this source there might be a surplus of about 
£410, and the total assured assets were £740, as 
against liabilities amounting to about £1,570. Mr. 

G. H. Shuker was appointed trustee, and a com- 
mittee of inspection was appointed. 


GiBBOX V. Fayxe axd Axother. — This was an 
appeal in which judgment was given on Friday by 
the President of the Probate, Divorce, and 
Admiralty Division, Lord Justice Farwell. and Lord 
Justice Buckley, thus raised from a decision of 
Mr. Justice A. T. Lawrence's given in November, 
1905. The action was brought by Mr. Henry 
Gibbon, of Kent-house, Ealiog, to recover posses- 
sion of a house, coach-house, and stable inThurlow- 
terrace, St. Pancras, from Mr. George John Pajme, 
the occupier, and Mr. E. J. Woolerton, the assignee 
of an indenture of lease, dated Oct, 17, 1S66, on the 
ground of breach of contract to repair the said 
coach-house and stables. The defence was that the 
defendants had not been guilty of any breach of 
covenant. By an indenture of lease, dated Oct, 17. 
1S6G, Charles Gay leased to James Thurlow all that 
messuage, coach-house, stable, and premises known 
as Xo. 0, Thurlow- place, for the term of ninety- 
nine years. The property leased by (lay was the 
subject of a bmldiug agreement with James Thur- 
low, the lessee. The building agreement included a 
number of other sites, and the lease in question was 
one of several leases granted at or about the same 
time. By the scheme of laying out the property as 
originally contemplated, Xo. had a strip of ground 
extending iu an easterly direction from the garden 
upon which a stable and coach-house were to be 
built, while the gardens of the other houses in the 
terrace were to abut upon this strip of ground. 
The lease and the plan attached to it were framed 
in pursuance of this scheme, and showed this strip 
of ground as partly garden and partly coach-house 
and stable. Gay died in ISOfj, and his executor, 
James Theobald, by deed dated September 13, 1S95, 
conveyed to the plaintiff" the premises comprised in 
the said lease of ( )ctober 17. lSfJ6, subject to and 
with the benefit of s'ich lease. The defendant 
E. J. Woolerton became the assignee of the said 
premises as the legal personal representative of one 
Weeks. On March 24, 190 1, the plaintiff' gave 
notice to the defendants to repair certain defects in 
the house itself, and also to repair the coach-house 
and stable. The notice was complied with as to the 
defects existing in the house itself. The non-repair 
relied on was the admitted fact that the stable and 

coach-house v/ere non-existent. Mr. Justice A. T. 
Lawrence said that it had been proved to his satis- 
faction that no coach- house or stable was ever built, 
but that the original scheme was modified. His 
Lordship was satisfied that the lessor approved of 
this alteration and licensed it, and that both parties 
intended the covenant to repair to be released ij'/i' 
the stable and coach-house. In these circumstances, 
his Lordship gave judgment for the defendants. 
The plaintiff appealed. The Court now dismissed 
the appeal. The President said that Mr. Justice 
A. T. Lawrence had properly appreciated the facts 
and correctly apphed the law. The appeal must, 
therefore, be dismissed. The Lords Justices con- 

Ix Re Johx Fell, LEAJUxtrTOX. — At the London 
Bankruptcy Court, on Friday, the affairs of John 
Fell again came before Mr, Registrar Hope upon 
the adjourned application to confirm the scheme for 
arrangement of his affairs. The debtor, starting as 
a builder and contractor at Leamington, became a 
public woiks contractor in a large way of business 
m the Midlands and the Xorth of England. 
Amongst other schemes, he was interested in the 
Potteries Electric Tramways Company, the Xotting- 
hamshire and Derbyshire Electric Trams Company, 
the Weston, Clevedon, and Portishead Light Rail- 
way Company, and a projected bridge over the 
Tyne at South Shields. He became mayor of 
Leamington and a Parliamentary candidate. He 
failed in July last, as the result of losses on various 
of his contracts, his liabilities being £7,299 (£3,932 
unsecured) and assets £2,914. At the first meeting 
a scheme of arrangement was agreed to, providing 
for the vesting of the estate in a trustee to realise 
and pay the creditors a composition of 7s. Od. 
in the pound guaranteed as to the sum of 
£1,250 by two guarantors. It was believed at 
first that the money would be paid down ; but that 
was not carried out, aud the difficulty has since 
arisen in connection with one of the guarantors, who, 
being resident abroad, it had been difficult to get in 
touch with, Mr. John O'Connor, on behalf of the 
debtor, applied for a further adjournment, pointing 
out that the whole of the creditors supported the 
scheme, Mr. Hough, Senior Official Receiver, 
pointed out that this matter had been pending since 
August last, and that it was even now not one step 
further forward. First of all the necessary funds 
were to be provided. That, however, fell through, 
and since then the continuous trouble had been 
going on in connection with a guarantor. He asked 
the Court to refuse further adjournment. His 
Honour said that he should not grant another ad- 
journment. It appeared to him that it was time 
that a trustee should be appointed to look after the 
assets. A scheme of arrangement could be carried 
out after adjudication of bankruptcy as before. The 
application was accordingly refused. 

CoMPExsATiox Claims ArtAixsT the Loxi>ox 
CouxTY CouxciL. — An action to recover damages 
under the Employers' Liability Act for injuries sus- 
tained was brought at the Shoreditch County-court, 
on Tuesday, against the Loudon County Council by 
a briL-klayer named Alexander. On April 19 he 
was injured by the fall of a wall in Rivington- 
street, Shoreditch, and was incapacitated from work 
until the end of (.)otoher. During this period the 
London County Council allowed him a*' compas- 
sionate '' allowance of £1 per week, but his weekly 
earnings when at work had been £2 3s. 9d. The 
jury found for the plaintiff, assessing the damages 
at£o0— t;35iu respect of wages, and £15 for pain 
and suffering endured— and costs. In a second 
claim for compensation, arising out of the same 
accident, brought by a workman named Gathercole, 
son of a foreman on the works, counsel announced 
that an agreement had been come to, the plaintiff' to 
receive t;l25 damages, with costs. 

There is being formed a Chartered Surveyors' 
(xolfiug Society, membership of which is restricted 
to members of the Surveyors' Institution, with a 
view to arranging matches with societies of the 
kindred professions, in addition to which it is 
proposed to hold an annual tournament. The Hon. 
Secretary is Mr. S. James Chesterton, 116, 
Kensington High-street, London, W. 

Mr. W. J. Gregory, quantity surveyor and valuer, 
of (3, Booth-street, ilanchester, has removed his 
offices to Post Office Chambers, Colwyu Bay, Xorth 

The annual dinner of the Liverpool Engineering 
Society was held on the 17th inst. The function 
was presided over by Mr. A. F. Fowler, M.lnst.C.E., 
and was attended by a large number of the prominent 
engineers of the district and elsewhere, among whom 
was Sir Ales. B. W. Kennedy, president of the 
Institution of Civil Engineers, who responded to the 
toast of'** The Engineering Profession," proposed 
by Mr. Charles McArthur. 

The India Office are about to expend £60,000 
upon the enlargement and improvement of the 
Indian Government supply stores facing the Thames 
in Belvedere-road, Lambeth. 



Jan. 25, 1907. 



f^ux (Dfftce Cabk. 

Mu. W. J. LiKKE, the secretary to the Royal 
Institute of British Architects, has written 
another play, entitled "The Palace of Puck." 
Mr. Harrison, of the Hayniarket, has acquired 
this work, which is al[modem comedy written in 
the fantastic vein. It is in three acts, and it? 
action is laid in rural France. It contains two 
strong parts for men and two for women. The 
Puck of the title is a young man. The plot is a 
love story to which a strange and unexpected turn 
is given by the devices of Puck. Its satirical 
shafts are directed at what " The Beloved A'aga- 
bond " of the author calls "the great god 
of respectability." In the struggle between 
respectability and human nature the latter gains 
the mastery. 

The destruction of two Xottinghimshire 
churches on Thursday by fire, apparently of 
incendiary origin, reiterates the lesson inculcated 
by the loss of Selby Abbey as to the necessity for 
full insurance of churches against burning out. 
The buildings just gutted were situated a mile 
apart in the Erewash A'alley. That at Kirby in 
Ashfield was largely of Xornian date, accommo- 
dated 400 worshippeis. and contained many 
interesting memorials. It is believed that the 
walls of nave and chancel will have to be 
pulled down and the whole church, with the 
exception of the tower, rebuilt. The other church, 
that at Anneslcy, was quite modern, having been 
erected in 1874 at a cost of some £7,000. 

The Lord Mayor of Manchester presided on 
Satui-day at a meeting (promoted by the Man- 
chester branch of the Classical Ass'ociation) of 
those interested in the excavations of a Roman 
camp in the city now in progiess. Mr. Bruton, 
the hon. secretary, reported that when the site 
was fully examined it was expected that other 
evidence would be found of a Roman fort. The 
complete work might occupy several years. He 
urged that the fullest investigation" should be 
made. The work had a good educational eiiect, 
and was attracting attention in all parts of the 
country. Mr. E. J. Brandfield proposed a reso- 
lution recognising the importance of the excava- 
tions in throwing light on the earliest history of 
the city, and appealing to the excavation com- 
mittee of the Classical Association for a further 
sum of £.300 to complete the exploration of the 
site. Professor Sadler and Professor Boyd 
Dawkins warmly supported the resolution, which 
was carried unanimously. 

The explorations of the Derbyshire Pennine 
Club have led to the discovery of a remarkable 
cavern on the slopes of Masson Hill, near .Matlock. 
The entrance is a gap amongst the limestone 
strata. The view from the central cavern down 
the stream is along a slope, where the roof is 
only about LSin. above the stalagmite floor. In 
this narrow space there is a profusion and variety 
of bosses, pendants, and columns of stalactite. 
The watercourse where the stream reappears 
shows but little. The exposed volcanic rock is 
comparatively scanty, as great masses of stalactite 
are established there". It is questionable whether 
uny of the known Derbyshire caves are equal to 
the one just discovered iii beauty and interest. 

At a meeting on Fridav of tilasgow I'niversitv 
Court, a letter from Mr. J. D. G. Dalrymple, 
Woodhead. Kirkintilloch, was read, dealing with 
the creation of a lectureship on archa'ology. In 
his letter, 5Ir. Dalrymple stated that the Ulasgow 
Archaological Society, which was founded in 
18.56. recently celebrated its jubilee. ,\s its 
president, he proposed to establish an archaeo- 
logical lectureship, somewhat on the lines of the 
Khind Lectureship in Edinburgh, though on a 
much smaller scale. The lectures would be in 
some branch of arch;eology. and he would propose 
that the course consist of five or six lectures, as 
might be arranged by the council of the .=oci>tv, 
with whom would be the appointing of the 
lecturci-s. The honorarium for the course would 
be the sum of £.50, which he would provide. He 
wa-s anxious that the lectures should be delivered 
in the University, and that the lectureship should 
be to some small extent recognised by the Uni- 
versity Court. In view of the possibility of its 
njt being successful, he would propose at Srst 
only to establish it for a period of five vears. The 
matter was remitted to a committee for" considera- 
tion and report. 

Afteu three years' effort a Pittsburg jurj-, 
under Judge Kraser's instruction, has awarded in 

full to Messrs. Xirdlinger and Simpson the 2\ per 
cent, commission they claimed for work done by 
them in preparing to builda oO.OOOdol. v.'arehouse 
near Third Avenue and Try .Street. Pittsburg. 
The case is imperfectly reported ; but it appears 
that the architects' work was approved, and they 
were told to go ahead and get estimates. But 
before they could do this the client turned the job 
over to another architect, who actually erected the 
building, and was duly paid for his work. 

The 'Walthani Cross Urban District Council 
recently ordered their sanitary inspector to make 
a house-to-house inspection in the district as a 
result of Mr. Rider Haggard's evidence last 
summer bsfore a Select Committee of the House of 
( 'ommons on the Housing of the Working Classes 
Bill. The inspector's report was before the 
council at their last meeting, and orders were 
given that a large number of repairs should be 
carried out to properties in the district. Referring 
to the inspector's report, Mr. Lawrence, a 
member, said he was astonished to find the words 
used with regard to Essex by Mr. Rider Haggard 
so near the truth. In their very midst some of 
the housing conditions were shocking. It was 
almost incredible that at Waltham Abbey, twelve 
miles from London, there should be such places 
for people to exist in. Within a stone's throw of 
the town hall a familj- with three children of both 
sexes, all over twelve years of age, lived in one 
small room. In another place 26 people used two 
conveniences, neither having a water supply. 
These places would be improved if the owners 
took the steps ordered by the council, but they 
could never be made as they should be. Refer- 
ence was also made to places outside the town 
area, where people were living in tumble-down 
hovels, with extremely filthy surroundings, and 
concerning which the rural authority were taking 
similar steps. 

The special committee of the Manchester Cor- 
poration which has under consideration the utilisa- 
tion of the Royal Infirmary site in Piccadilly has 
decided to present again to the city council for 
acceptance the report framed by the committee in 
August of last year, and then referred back by 
the council. The report mentions the obligation 
of the public free libraries committee of the cor- 
poration to give up possession of the free refer- 
ence library site in King-street (which has been 
sold for £161,46.')) at a date not later than March, 
1913. As to the old infirmary site, for which the 
corporation have agreed to pay £400,000. the 
earliest time at which the corporation are likely 
to be given vacant possession of the site is about 
two years hence— viz., at the end of li'OS. The 
committee recommend the erection on the site of 
a new art gallery and reference library. The 
report will come before the city council at its 
meeting on the first Wednesday in February. 

The annual return of the street and road tram- 
ways and light railways authorised by Parlia- 
ment was issued on Wednesday. It shows that 
since 1878 the route length of line open for traffic 
has increased from 269 miles to '_','.'40 miles, and 
the capital expenditure from £4,207.350 to 
£58,177,832. Of the total of 1,491 miles of line 
owned by local authorities, 1,276 miles are worked 
by those authorities themselves, and the remain- 
ing 215 miles by leasing companies. Last year 
the route mileage open of electric line was 1,780 
miles out of a total of 2.1 17 ; this year it is 1,994 
miles out of 2.240. The mileage not worked by 
electric traction has further diminished from 337 
miles to 246 miles. As to the London County 
Council's undertaking on the northern system, 
the length of line authorised is 52 miles 20 chains 
of double line, and 4 miles 7 chains of single line, 
and of these ha%'e been opened 46 miles 3fi chains 
and 4 miles 8 chains respectively. Un the 
southern system, the length of line authorised is 
62 miles 7 chains of double line, and 15 miles 
37 chains of single line, and of these have been 
opened 42 miles 31 chains and 11 miles re- 

Mu. KviTS Fleming, the United States Consul 
at Edinburgh, reporting to the Washington 
Bureau of Manufacturers on the trust which has 
for some years controlled the wallpaper industry 
of the United Kingdom, says that not a few of 
tho leading retail houses in every part of the 
country, and particularly in Scotland, are hitterlv 
hostile to the trust, as evidenced by a project now 
under consideration among English and Scottish 
firms to organise a company and establish works 
for the manufacture of certain classes of paper 
hangings. An eld and important retail firm in 
East Scotland is taking an active part in this 

movement. Undoubtedly the dealers, or a majority 
of them, would be greatly pleased to see a keen 
competition, domestic or foreign, in the wallpaper 

The United States Consul General for India, 
Sir. Jlichael, of Calcutta, reports that in India the 
use of cement is very extensive. It is used in 
laying brick walls in foundations, and if wood is 
used for structural purposes, it is laiii in cement 
wherever possible. Floors, mouldings, cornices, 
and outside and inside trimmings are made of 
sand and cement. Wherever cement can be used 
to guard against vermin, especially the white ant, 
it is freely used. Houses that have fiat roofs arc 
covered with brick dust and particles of brick 
mixed with cement and stamped down hard. 
Pitched roofs are covered with corrugated iron or 
tile, and then solidly covered with cement and 
sand. These roofs last well and require little 
repair. Artificial stone is extensively manufac- 
tured and used for building purposes and for 
pavements and walks. Floors are laid in cement 
and made ornamental by imbedding broken glass 
and china in figures in the body of the cement. 
The outside of the temples are made in the same 
way and are very attractive. Tho imports of 
cement as long ago as 1870 were valued at 
50,342dol., advancing in the fiscal year 1900 to 
729.478cwt., valued at 500,332, and in 1906 to 
l,778,428cwt., valued at l,070,27,idol. The im- 
ports of cement for the first four months of 1906 
were 574,006cwt., valued .at 333.427dol. The 
supplies of cement for India come mainly from 
Great Britain, the United States, Belgium, and 
tJcrmany. Inferior cement is not wanted, but 
the best cement is in good demand at good prices. 

A NOVEL exhibition in house building is being 
given on Cedar- avenue, in Cleveland, Ohio, 
where a house is being built without a house. 
The inside framework of a residence on the street 
named is being retained until the outside and 
larger structure is completed, and thus protection 
is being afforded to the occupants during the 
construction. An addition to the original build- 
ing is being constructid and the entire plan of the 
residence changed, giving an opportunity for 
doing some of the work under shelter. The 
unique character of the operation has attracted a 
great deal of attention f torn passers-by. 


The corporation of Eastbourne, on the recom- 
mendation of the Electricity and Street Lighting 
Committee, have decided that £9,934 be expended 
on increasing the plant at the electric-lighting 
works. A water-tube boiler to cost £2,027 and 
£5,9()0 for one 750-kw. turbo-alternator and exciter 
with condenser, steam -pipe, and foundations will 
also be provided. 

At a numerously-attended meeting, held on 
Wednesday, the vicar of tireat Yarmouth pre- 
siding, it was determined to proceed with the 
completion of St. James's Church in that town — a 
work which has been in abeyance for a great many 

A side chapel in St. Mary Major's Church, 
Exeter, in memory of the late rector (Rev. R. A. 
Mortimer\ was dedicated by the Bishop of Exeter 
on the 22nd inst., also a reredos of carved and 
traceried oak, also a new organ. The additions 
were carried out by Messrs. Westcott, Austin, and 
White, builders, Mr. Harbottle Heed being the 

Holy Trinity Church, Exmouth, was reopened 
after restoration on Wednesday, when the uave was 
dedicated by the Bishop of Exeter. The scheme of 
restoration when complete will cost £15,000, the 
nave and lower portion of the tower, the first por- 
tion undertaken, having cost £6,100. Towards the 
cost of the whole scheme the Hon. Mark Rolle has 
given £5,500 and a piece of land adjoining the 
church. The whole of the old windows have been 
replaced by new ones with varied tracery. Extern- 
ally the old structure has been removed, and in its 
place has been erected a new stone building. The 
height of the tower is lOOft. 

The church of St. Michatl and All Angels, 
Folkestone, has been renovated and beautified, 
chiefly through the generosity of a friend. The 
west-end window has been filled with painted glass 
by Messrs. Burlison and Grylls. The decoration of 
the east-end has been completed, and the entire 
walls and roof, both outside and inside, have been 
restored. The orchestral organ, with its four 
manuals, has been overhauled and cleaned, and the 
church, the architect of which in 1873 was Mr. G. 
F. Bodley, now has almost the appearance of a new 
building. Carved oak doors are at the present time 
being made for the west entrance, and another 
stained-glass window has been promised. 



Tax. 25, 1907. 


Fhida^ (T«i-i>Av').— Southern Counties Federatirm Master 
Builders. Council Meeting at 31 and 32. 
Bed ford -street. Strand. W.C. 12.0 noon. 

Architeutural Association. ** American 
and Karopean School Architecture," by 
R. Clip^ston Sturgis. 7.30 p.ra. 

Glai^gow Architectural Ciuftsmpn'.s 
Socnety. "Instinctive Art in a City," by 
F. H. Newbery. 

Institution of Civil Engineers. "Alter- 
nating-Current Commutator Motors," by 
C. A. Ablett, Stud.Inst.C.E. w p.m. 

Monday. —Society of Arts. " Gold Mining." Cantor 
Lecture No. 2, bv Prof. J. W. Gregory, 
D.8c. 8 p.m. 

Surveyors' Institute. "The Uses of a 
Geological Collection," by Dr. Henry 
Woodward. LL.D., F.R.S., F.G.S., 
V.P.Z.S. 8 p.m. 

TiTWDAV.— Institution of Civil Engineers. Discus-^ion on 
'* Internal - Combustion Engines for 
Marine Purposes." H p.ra. 

Society of Arts. "Artistic Treatment 
of the Exterior of the Pianoforte," by 
William Dale, F.S.A. 8 p.m. 

Wed.vkhoav. — Old Architectural Association Day 
Students' Club. SLxth Annual Dinner. 
Florence Restaurant, Rupert-street, W. 
7.15 for 7.30 p.m. 

Society of Art^. *' Apprenticeship," by 
James Parsons, M..\. 8 p.m. 

Fbidav ';Feb. 1).— Birmingham .Vichiteetural Association. 
"Architecture East and West: a Con- 
trast and a Comparison," by E. F. 

'I>lp;,-r;ims : ■■ Cryi.u I.on.lnti."- T.-li-jilioiu' : IS.-.2 Holborn. 
I'arli,n;;,rs ..f TR A \ F.I.f.PNIi STCOr.NTSHI P . CH and s, 
Medal), iiii,l AHCHITKCTI HAL SCliOLAh-^HII' tlu per anni 
may b*- obtaioeil on ai.plUatir'n to tlir Stfcrelmj . 


Messrs. Patman and Fotheriogham, Ltd.. have 
been successful in securing the following contracts : 
—Messrs. Thomas Cook and Son's (tourist agents) 
large new premises, Nos. 107, 108, and 109, Fleet - 
street, E.G. (Messrs. .Smee and Houchin, archi- 
tects) : new buildings, A:c., May's-yard, Eagle- 
street, Holbom, W.C, for Messrs. H. andG. May 
(Mr. Hewish, architect) ; large new premises for the 
Express Dairy Co., Ltd., Tavistock-place, W.C. 
(Mr. Fitzroy Doll, architect) : large new library, 
Hither Green, for the Lewisham Borough Council ; 
alterations to Messrs. .Schweiipe's offices, Hammer- 
smith (Mr. Burton, architect) ; two conveniences in 
Alilgate and .Shoreditch, for the City Corporation 
of London. 

^ The Education Committee of the London County 
Council accepted on Wednesday an offer from Mr. 
Edric Bayley of £3,000 towards the estimated cost 
of the completion of the premises of the Borough 
Polytechnic, and made a grant of £7,000. The cost 
of the scheme, exclusive of lighting, heating, and 
equipment, is estimated to be about £11, .300. 

The contract for the reconstruction of the tram- 
ways in London in Holloway-road, Hackney-road, 
and Citj'-road, and those from Coborn-roadto Bow 
Bridge is to be given to Messrs. Dick, Kerr, and 
Co., of Preston. Their price, £93,1 13. is the lowest, 
and is £14, ,300 below the engineer's estimate. The 
highest tender was £120,000. 

A fire broke out on the premises of Mr. T. Frost, 
builder, of OIil Foundry-road, Ipswich, on Wednes- 
day morning, when the main carjienters' shop was 

A memorial brass has been placed in Cheltenham 
College in memory of Major-General Sir Charles 
W. Wilson, R.E, K.C.B., K.C.M.G., who carried 
out surveys of Jerusalem, I'alestine, and Sinai. 

Mr. Gill, surveyor to the Mirfield Kural District 
Council, has received an increase of £30 per annum 
to his salary. 

Mr, ,T. A. Brodie, Whit.Sch., M.I.C.E., city 
engineer of Liverpool, has been nominated by the 
council of the Municipal and County Engineers for 
election as president in succession to Mr. J. Patten 
Barber, borough engineer, of Islington, now holding 

The Dumbartonshire Tramway Co. are about to 
lay down a line from Balmuir to Balloch, joining 
the Glasgow Corporatiou line at the former place, a 
distance of ten miles. 

The Sleaford Rural District Council is seeking 
powers to borrow £10,730 for the puqiose of pro- 
viding a water supply for a number of villages in 
their district. It is proposed to obtain water from 
two bores at Dorrington which now yield 00,000 
gallons a daj'. 

Mr, Robert Bownng, auctioneer and estate agent. 
Wells, Somerset, will offer for sale by auction, on 
■Tune C>, the mansion known as the Abbey House, 
Glastonbury, in a portion of the grounds of which 
stand the ruins of Glastonbury Abbey, which are 
included in the estate offered for sale. 

-Vt Saturday's meeting of the Metropolitan 
Asylums Board a report was presented by the Works 
Committee upon letters received from the Local 
Government Board suggesting modifications of the 
Board's proposals for the provision of a new boiler- 
house, workshops, tVc, at the North - Eastern 
Hospital, the cost of which was originally estimated 
by the engineer-in-chiet at £14, lOO. The com- 
mittee now submitted plans of a further modified 
scheme for the erection of the boiler-house, coal 
storage, workshop, and destructor-house at an esti- 
mated cost of £12,000. The modified scheme was 
approved, and it was forwarded to the Local 
Government Board for their sanction. 

Mr. George Frederick Fry, J. P. for Kent, F.S.I., 
of Dover, and 363, Milkwood-road, Heme Hill, 
S.E., died on Saturday last at 46, London-road, 
Dover, in his 7Sth year. 

The Islington Borough Council has referred to its 
works committee a letter from the London County 
Council, announcing their intention to seek power 
in the ensuing Parliamentary session for construct- 
ing electric tramways from Essex-road, via Engle- 
field-road and Stamford-road, to Kingsland-road, 
and asking for the consent. Plans have also been 
received from the Islington Council from the County 
Council showing the proposed reconstruction, for 
electric traction, of the tramways in Holloway-road, 
between Highbury Station and the Archway Tavern, 
and for making a tramway in Pemberton -gardens, 
connecting the trams mentioned with the County 
Council's projected car-shed in Caledonia Park. 

The half-yearly report of the directors of the 
C;ty and .South London Railway Company states 
that the progress made by the contractors on the 
Euston extension has been very satisfactory, and the 
electric equipment, the lifts, and the new rolling 
stock are also well advanced, and it is anticipated 
that the extension to Euston will be opened for 
traffic some time in March. The engineers report 
that the work in connection with the Stockwell 
sidings is nearly completed. 

The architect of Rochester Cathedral (Mr. C. 
Hodgson Fowler, F.S.A., of Durham) writes to the 
Jijjc/ffsfc)- Jouritirl. in reply to a letter from the 
editor, that the stone used in the new central tower 
of the cathedral is Weedon, from Northampton- 
shire, one of the best stones in England, and one 
that, so far as he knows, is not affecterl by smoke. 
The Late Mr. J. L. Pearson, R.A., at that time 
architect to Rochester Cathedral, used it in his re- 
storation of the west front, and as Mr. Fowler 
found it standing well there he used it for the tower. 

At a meeting of the conned of Armstrong College, 
Newcastle -on -Tyne, on Monday, Mr. E. M. Eden, 
A.M.I.C.E., was appointed Lecturer in Engineering 
in the college. 

At the Dunfermline Combination Poorhouse on 
Saturday the formal opening took place of a large 
addition which has been made to that institution. 
The house was opened in 1S43, and is now the 
oldest establishment of the kind in Scotland. 
Originally accommodation was provided for 1.S7 
inmates, besides lunatics. In addition to the exten- 
sion, .there have been rearrangements in the old 
structure, and the house will now be registered for 
230 beds. The work has been carried out at a cost 
of £11,000. 

Some time ago the Emperor William privately 
announced his intention of presenting a statue of 
William of Urange (William III.) to the British 
nation. The proposed gift has been cordially 
accepted by his Majesty the King, and the statue 
will shortly be erected on a site in the West-end of 
London. The statue, which is by a (ierman 
sculptor, is one of a series representing Princes of 
the House of Grange which the German Emperor 
intends to erect on the terrace of the Berlin Castle 
in order to commemorate his Majesty's Orange 

At the meeting of the Nantwich Urban District 
Council on Frida}', Mr. W. A. Newey, the surveyor 
and engineer, presented his annual report for 1906. 
He stated that during that period plans had been 
before the council for ten new houses, one new 
chapel, and eight alterations and additions to exist- 
ing buildings. Seven new houses had been certified 
for habitation, but the building trade generally had 
been very slack. 

While some of Messrs. Ba5s, Ratcliff, and 
Gretton's workmen were engaged on the firm's 
sandpit at Wichnor, some six miles from Burton, 
they came upon a number of relics, which upon 
investigation proved to be Anglo-Saxon antiquities. 
They included two urns, five spear-heads, three 
iron shield bosses, pieces of copper, a small metal 
buckle, and pirt of a wooden vessel used for drink- 
ing purposes. The articles, which .are in an excel- 
lent state of preservation, are now in the possession 
of the Burton Natural History and Archieological 

The Southampton Corporation, acting on the 
report of their electrical engineer, have decided to 
apply to the Local Government Board for sanction 
to borrow £17,000 for new electrical plant. 

The Maryport Harbour Commissioners were in- 
formed on Monday that the negotiations for raising 
the reijuired capital for the taking over of the 
harbour estate and constructing a new deep-water 
dock with railway accommodation had been com- 
pleted. A preliminary contract had been let to a 
Birmingham firm, and the work would be started in 
a couple of months. The capital required by the 
new company approaches a million. 

Intimation was received in Dundee, on Friday, 
from Ml-. J. F. C. Snell, electrical engineer to the 
London County Council, that he accepted the post ot 
consulting engineer to Dundee in connection with 
the proposed extension of the electrical plant under 
the corporation. 

The Lanarkshire Tramway Co. are about to make 
a further extension of their tramway from Wishaw 
to Newmains, a distance of two miles. 

.An addition to the internal decorations of St. 
Clary's Church, Worcester, was dedicated on Sun- 
day by the vicar. It is an oak screen, which has 
been erected as a memorial of the late Mrs. Arm- 

L>perations have been begun to clear the site of 
the new technical institute at Bell-street, Duudee. 
Plans are being prepared, and will be submitted to 
an early meeting of the committee. The subscribed 
funds amount to £22,500, towards the full sum of 
£25,000 required. 

The Royal Agricultural Hall at Islington is to be 
extended by the erection of a large hall (with glazed 
roof) on adjoining property. 

The corporation of Reading are about to construct 
a costly Thames-side promenade. The Local Govern- 
ment Board have consented to the borrowing of the 
necessary money to defray the cost of the works. 
The promenade will consist of a strip of land 130ft. 
wide, planted with trees, and extending about a 
mile westward of Caversham Bridge. 

A Local Government Board inquiry has been held 
at Bishop's Hull in reference to an application by 
the Taunton Rural District Council for sanction for 
a loan of £1,S00 for the purposes of sewerage and 
sewage disposal in the parish of Bishop's Hull. 

At the last meeting of the Northern Architectural 
Association in Newcastle, Jlr. Harbottle Reed, 
F.R.I.B.A., of Exeter, gave a lecture on " Devon- 
shire Churches." Mr. G. T. Bryan, F,R.I.B.A., of 
Sunderland, occupied the chair. The lecture was 
illustrated by lantern slides. 

New harbour works to provide better facilities for 
liners and warships are to be begun at Cherbourg in 
May next, the cost being estimated at £.120,000. 

At Aigburth on Friday the memorial stone was 
laid of a new school chapel in connection with the 
Liverpool Baptist L'nion. There is to be a church 
seating 750 people, together with a schoolroom for 
300 scholars, with classrooms, minister's vestry, and 
kitchen. The frontage on to Woodlands and 
Rundel-roads will be carried out in red liuabon 
brick, with red stone dressings, and the structure is 
to be of Gothic design. Internally woodwork wiU 
be of pitchpine, and the fiooring of wood blocks. At 
present it is only intended to proceed with the school 
portion ot the buildings. The work is being carried 
out by Messrs. Patterson and Son, of Soho-street, 
Liverpool, to the designs of Messrs. Richard Owens 
and Sons, of Crosshall-street, Liverpool. Mr. John 
Thomas, of Garston, is acting as honorary clerk of 
the works. 

The new council chambers for the urban district 
council ot Nantwich, built from designs by their 
surveyor, was opened last week. 

The Lord Mayor of Liverpool presided over a 
meeting in the Liverpool Town Hall on Friday to 
arrange for a conference of those interested in the 
beautifying of large cities. It was unanimously 
resolved that the conference should be held during 
the summer, and a committee was appointed to carry 
out the objects. 

For many years the village of Coxhoe has been in 
a decaying state, owing to a lack of industries in the 
district. This has now all been changed. The old 
bouses, previously in ruins, have been rebuilt by the 
owners of Kelloe" ColUery, while new houses have 
been erected on all sides." The enterprise of Messrs. 
Bell Bros., who are sinking a new shaft at Bowbiu-n, 
and the undertaking of the Steetley Lime Company, 
Notts, who have purchased the Joint Stocks Estate 
at Coxhoe, near the old railway station, upon which 
the Coxhie Lime Quarries are situate, are the 
principal factors. The company have at work a 
large cupola, in which the limestone from the 
quarries is burnt into basic material. Preparations 
are also being made to build more cupolas. The 
company are the owners of a square mile of ground, 
under which Uiuestone has been proved, and which 
they intend working. 

The Local Government Board for Ireland have 
held an inquiry at Malahide into an application from 
the Balrothery Rural District Council for sanction 
to a loan of £7,000 for ^providing a water supply to 

> I 


Jan. 25, 1907. 





Kolled-Tron Joists, Belgian £5 10 

Per ton. 
£3 15 
7 15 

7 5 

8 10 

5 17 

Rolled-Steel Jnist-s. English 

Wrousht-Iron Girder Plates 7 

Bar Iron, good Staffs 6 6 

Do., Lowmoor, Flat, Round, or 

Square 20 

Do., Welsh 5 15 

Boiler Plates, Iron- 
South Staffs 8 0,, 8 15 

Best Snedshill 9 0,, 9 10 

Angles 109., Tees 203. per ton extra. 

Builders* Hoop Iron, for bonding, &c., £3 153. to £!i. 

Builders' Hoop Iron, galvanised, £1-1 to £15 IDs. per ton. 

Galvanised Corrugated Sheet Iron — 

No. 18 to 20. No. 22 to 2i. 
£ft, to 8ft. long, inclusive Per ton. Per ton. 

gauge £13 10 ... £14 

Best ditto H ... 14 10 

Wire Nails {Points de Paris) — 

6 to 7 




10 6 


10 '9 

12 13 14 15 

116 12 3 13- 14 - 

Per ton. 

Ca-it-Iron Columns £6 10 

Cast-Iron Stanchions 6 10 

Rolled-Iron Fencing Wire 9 5 0,, 

Rolled-Steel Fencing Wire 7 5 0,, 

,, ,, „ Oalvanised. 9 0,, 

Cast-iron Sa.* Weights 4 17 „ 

Gut Floor Brads 10 10 „ 

Corrugated Iron, 24 gauge 15 5 „ 

Cast-iron Socket Pipes — 

Sin. diameter £5 17 6 to 

4in.to6in 5 15 „ 

7in. to 24in. (all sizes) : 5 2 0,, 

per cwt. 

Per ton. 
£8 10 

8 10 

9 10 
7 10 
9 10 
4 17 

10 10 

£3 2 
5 15 

[Coated with composition, 5s. Od. per ton extra ; turned 
and bored joints, 53. Od. per ton extra.] 

Pig Iron — 
Cold Blast, lilleshall 
Hot Blast, ditto 

Per ton. 

llOs. Od. to H7a. 6d. 

70s. Od. ,, 75s. Od. 

Wrought-Tron Tubes and Fittings — Discount off Standard 
Lists f .o.b (plus 5 per cent.) ; — 

Gas-Tubes e7Jp.c. 

Water-Tubes 62| „ 

Steam-Tubes 57| „ 

Galvanised Gas-Tubes 55 „ 

Galvanised Water-Tubes 50 ,, 

Galvanised Steam-Tubes 45 „ 


lOcwt. casks. 5cwt. casks. 

Per ton. Per ton. 

Spelter, Silesian £23 to £23 10 

Lead Water Pipe, Town 23 7 6 „ — 

Country 24 2 6 „ — 

I.*ad Barrel Pipe, Town 23 17 B „ — 

Country 2t 12 i; „ — 

Lead Pipe, Tinned inside. Town 24 17 t; „ — 

„ „ „ „ Country 25 12 (» „ — 
Lead Pipe, Tinned inside and 

outside Town 26 7 6 „ — 

•• >. „ „ Country 27 2 6 „ — 

Composition Gas-pipe, Town 25 7 G „ — 

„ ,, Country .. 26 2 6 „ — 
Lead Soil-pipe (Sin. and Sin. 

extra) Town 25 7 6 „ — 

t, ,t „ „ Country 26 2 6 „ — 

Lead Shot, in 281b. bags 15 „ 15 5 

Copper Sheets, sheathing and rods lit 0,, 121 10 

Copper, British Cake and Ingot... 112 10 „ 113 

Tin, Straits 18;) 13 „ 190 5 

Do., English Ingots 19D „ 190 IJ 

Pig Lead 21 3 o „ — 

Sheet Lead, Town 22 17 G „ 

„ „ Country 23 12 6 „ — 

Genuine White Lead 26 15 „ — 

Beflned Red Lead 24 13 „ — 

Sheet ffinc ,S3 „ 

Old Lead, against account 18 17 6 „ — 

Tin per cwt. 11 „ — 

Cut Nails (per cwt. basis, ordinary 

brand) 11 » „ — 


Teak, Burmah per load 

„ Bangkok „ ... 

Quebec Pine, yellow per load 

„ Oak 

„ Birch 

„ Elm 

„ -i.-sh 

Dantsic and Memel Oak 

Fir ;; ;;. 

Wainscot, Riga p. log 2 5 

l^th, Dantsic, p.f 4 o 

St. Petersburg 4 

Deals, per St. Petersburg Standard, 120— l-2ft, 
by llin. : — 

Quebec, Pine, 1st £22 

2nd 18 

3rd 11 10 

Canada Spruce, 1st 11 5 

„ 2nd and 3rd 9 5 

New Brunswick 8 10 

Riga '.'.'. 7 15 

St. Petersburg 8 

Swedish 7 i^ 

Finland ".!.!'.'.!!!'.'.'. 8 10 

White Sea !.!!"!!!!!!!! 10 

Battens, all sorts '. 6 

Flooring Board.s per square of lin. : — 

1st prepared £0 14 

2nd ditto 13 

Other qualities 5 

Staves, per standard M ;— 

U.S., pipe £.37 10 

Memel, cr. pipe 220 

Heme), brack 190 o 

8 15 

3 10 
5 10 

2 10 

4 2 
4 5 

3 10 
3 12 

£19 10 
17 10 

6 5 
9 5 


5 15 



I. by IJin. 

£35 5 

2:1 13 

14 5 





2i) 5 

to £0 17 3 






BfiLnrs-i; WofiD. At per standard. 

Deals : 3in. by llin. and 4in. by £ s. d, £ a. d. 

Oin. and llin 13 10 to 15 

Deals: 3 by 9 13 „ 14 

Battens ; 2|ia. by "in. and Bin., 
!tnd 3in. by 7in. anil .sin. 11 n ,, 12 

Battens; : 2] by 6 and 3 by 6 10 less than 

7in. & .sin. 

Deals : seconds 10 lessthanbest 

Battens: seconds 10 ,, ,, 

2in. by lin. and ain. by liin 9 n to 10 

2in. by 4>in. snd 2in. by 5in. ... 8 10 U „ 9 10 

foreign Sawn Boards— 

lin. and l^in. by 7in 10 more than 

Jin 10 ,. 

Fir timber : best middling Danzig At per load of 50ft. 

or Memel 4 10 to 5 

Seconds 4 „ 4 10 

Small timber Sin to 10in.> 3 12 6 „ 3 15 

Small timber l6in. to 8in.; 3 ,, 3 10 

Swedish balks 2 10 „ 3 

Pitch-pine timber (30ft. average) 4 0., 4 15 

JoisERS* Wood. 
White Sea ; first yellow deals. At per standard. 

3in. bvllin 21 to 25 

.3in. by 9in 22 „ 23 

Battens, 2Mn. and Sin. by 7in. Hi 10 „ 18 

Second yellow deals, 3in. by iin... 18 10 „ 20 

.3inby9in. .. 17 10 „ 19 

Battens, 2;in. and Sin. by 7in. 13 10 „ U 10 

Third yellow deals, 3in. by llin. 

andnin 13 10 „ 15 

Battens, 2!in. and Sin. by 7in. 110 ,, 12 
Petersbur,^ first yellow deals. 

Sin. bvllin 21 „ 22 10 

Dri. 3in. by Sin. 18 „ 19 10 

Battens 13 10 „ 15 

Seciindvellowdeals, 3in. byllin. 16 ,, 17 

Do. 3in. by9in 14 10 „ 16 

Battens 11 „ 12 10 

Third yellow deals, 3in. by llin. 13 .,14 

Dd. .Sin. bv 9in 12 10 „ 14 

Battens 10 „ 11 

White Sea and Petersburg — 

First white deals. Sin. bv llin. 14 10 „ 15 10 

3in. by 9in. IS 10 ., 14 10 

Battens 11 „ 12 

Second white deals, .Sin. byllin. 13 10 „ 14 10 

., Sin. by Bin. 12 10 „ 13 10 

battens 10 ,. 11 

Pitch pine : deals 18 „ 21 

Under 2in. thick extra 10 ,. 10 

Yellow Pine— Fiist, regular sizes 44 and over. 

Oddments .32 

Seconds, regular sizes S3 ,, 

Yellow Pine oddments 28 

Kauri Pine— rliuks per ft. cube.. 3 6 to 5 

Danzig and Stettin Oak Logs — 

Large, per ft. cube 3 0,. 036 

Small 2 H „ 2 9 

Wainscot Oak Logs, per ft. cube.. 5 6 ,, 6 
Dry Wainscot Oak, per ft. sup., 

as inch 8V „ 9.5 

Jin. do. do 7,, 8 

Dry Mahogany — Honduras, Ta- 
basco, per ft. super, as inch ... 9,, 010 

Selected, Figury, per ft. super. 

asinch... 16., 026 

Dry Walnut, American, per ft. 

super, as inch 10 ,. 10 

Teak, per load 17 „ 22 

American Whitewood Planks, per 

ft. cube 4 ,, 5 

Prepared Flooring, &c. — 

lin. by 7in. yellow, planed and Per square. 

shot £0 13 6 to £D 17 6 

lin. bv 7in. yellow, planed and 

matched 14 „ 18 

1 jin. by Tin. yellow, planed and 

matched ..". 16 ,. 10 

lin. by 7in. white, planed and 

shot 12 „ 14 6 

lin. by 7in. white, planed and 

matched 12 6 „ 13 

IJin. by7in. white, planed and 

matched 13 ,, 16 6 

fin. by Tin. yellow, matched and 

beaded or V-jointed boards ... 11 ., 13 6 

lin. by Tin. „ „ ... 14 „ 18 

Jin. bv Tin. white „ ... 10 .. 11 6 

lin. by Tin. ., „ ... 12 9 „ 15 

6itt. at 6d. to 9d. per square less than Tin. 


Darley Dale, in blocks per foot cube £0 2 3 

Red Mansfield, ditto „ ... 2 4J 

Closebum Red Freestone, ditto , ... 1 lo| 

Hard York, ditto 2 10 

Ditto ditto 6in. sawn both aides, landings, 

random sizes per foot sup. 2 8 

Ditto ditto Sin. slabs sawn two sides, 

randomsizes , ... 1 3 

• All F.O.R. London. 

Bath Stone, delivered on rail at quarry stations 

per foot cube £D 10 
Delivered on road waggons, Paddington 

Depot 1 6J 

Ditto ditto Nine Elms Depot „ ... 18} 

Beer Stone, delivered on rail at Beaton 

Station 10 

Ditto, delivered at Nine Elms Station ... 1 6 

Portland Stone, in random blocks of 20ft. average ; — 

Brown White. 
Whit Bed. Base Bed. 
Delivered to railway depot at the 

q'larry per foot cube £0 I 53 ... £0 1 Ti 

L/elivered on road waggons \ 
at Paddington Dep<»t ... I o ,1 1 n •» u 

Ditto Nine Elms Dep.)t .. ( u .a 1 ... u z JJ 

Ditto Pimlico Wharf / ' 


Hard Stocks 


per 1,000 alongside, in rive 

Rough Stocks and 

Grizzles ............ 



Picked Stocks for 








at railway station. 

Red Wire Cuts 



Best Farehara Red 



Best Red Pre.sscd 

Ruabon Facing... 


Best Blue Pressed 





Do. BuUnuse 


Best Sti >urbrid'.re 

Fire Bricks 




Glazed Bricks. 

Best White and 

Ivory Glazed 




•• «, 



Quoins, BuUnoae, 

and Flats 


«, .. 

Double Stretchers 19 

,» I* 

Double Headers ... 


One Side and two 



Two Sides and one 



„ „ 

Splays, Cham- 

fered, Squints ... 


,, ,, 

Best Dipped Salt 

Glazed Stretchers, 

and Header 


Quoins, BuUnose, 

and Flats 


Double Stretchers 15 

„ (* 

Double Headers ... 


One Side and two 



Two Sides and one 



,, ,, 

Splavs, Cham- 

fered, Squints ... 


„ „ 

Second Quality 

White and 

Dipped Salt 



less than beat. 

Thames and Pit Sand 7 

Thames B.illa8t 5 

Best Portland Cement 27 

Best Ground Blue Ltas Lime 19 

s. d. 

per yard, delivered. 


per ton ,, 

Exclusive of charge for sacks. 

Grey Stone Lime lis. 6d. per yard, delivered. 

Stourbridge Fireclay in sacks 2Ts. Od. per ton at riy. sta. 


In. In. £ s. 
Blue Portmadoc 20x10 ..12 12 

16 X 3 .. 6 12 

Blue Bangor ...20x10. 13 2 

20x12. .13 17 

Firstquality 20x10. .13 

„ ...20x12 .13 15 

16x 8... 7 S 

Knreka unfading 

green 20x10.. .13 17 

...20x12. .18 7 

„ ...18x10 .13 5 

... 16x 8 ..10 5 

Permanent green 20x10.. .11 12 

18x10... 9 12 

16« 8... 6 12 

per 1000 of 1200 at r.stn. 


Plain red roofing tiles . 

Hip and Valley tiles 

Broseley tiles 

Ornamental tiles 

Hip and Valley tiles 

Ruabun red, bro«n. or brin- 
dled do. &! wards) 

Ornamental do 

Hip tdes 

Vallev tiles 

Red or Mottled Staffordshire 
do. Peake's' 

Ornamental do 

Hip tiles 

Valley tiles 

" Rosemary " brand plain 

Ornamental tiles 

Hip tiles 

Valley tiles 

*• Hartshill " brand plain 
tiles, sand-faced 


Ontimental do 

Hip tiles 

Valley tiles 


Rapeseed, English pale, per tun.. £31 10 1 

Do., brown ... '23 

Cottonseed, refined ,; ... 24 

OUve, Spanish „ ... 40 

Seal, pale _ 23 

Coooanut, Cochin 43 

Do., Ceylon „ ... 41 , 

Do., Mauritius 41 

Palm, Lagos S3 10 

Oleine „ ... 17 5 , 

Sperm 34 , 

Lubricating U.S per gat. 7 0, 

Petroleum, refined ... 6}, 

Tar, Stockholm ...per barrel 16 

Do., Archangel „ ... 19 6 , 

Turpentine, American ...per tun 37 , 

LinstcJ Oil per gal. 2 01 , 

r.iltic OQ 2 8, 

Turpentine „ ... 4 .31 , 

f utty per-owt. 7 6, 

42 per 1000 at rly. station 

3 7 per doz. ,, „ 

50 per 1000 „ 
52 6 

4 per doz 

.57 6 per 1000 ,, „ 

60 „ 

4 per doz. ,, „ 

3 0,, 

51 9perl00n 
54 6 

4 1 per doz. at rly. station 

3 8 „ 

48 per 1000 „ 

50 „ 

4 per doz. ,. ,. 

3 8 „ 

50 per 1000 „ „ 

47 6 

50 „ 

4 per doz 

3 6 „ 

£.32 5 
28 10 
25 10 
40 10 
23 10 
43 5 

40 10 

33 10 
19 5 




8 6 




Jan. 25, 1907. 


English Sheet Qlass : ISoz. 21oz. 26oz. 32oz. Net. 

Fourths IM. ... 2'.d. ... 3}iJ. ... 4}a. „ 

Thirds , 2801. ... ;i2d. ... 4d. ... US „ 

Fluted Sheet ajd. ... .I'd. ... 4id. ... SJd. „ 

Hartley's English lixilled Plate : Jin. 'nin. .{in. 
2Jd. ... 2.Jd. ... 3d. 
FiE^ured Oxford Rolled Oceanic Glass : White. Tinted. 

4d. ... ojd. 

VARNISHES, &c. Per gallon. 

Mne Pale Oak Varnish £0 « 

Pale Copal Oak 10 11 

Superfine I'ale Elastic Oak 12 ti 

Fine E.\tra Hard Church Oak 10 

Superfine Hard-drying Oak, forseataof churches 14 C 

Fine Elastic Carriage 12 6 

Superfine Pale Elastic Carriage 16 

Fine Pale Maple 16 

Finest Pale Durable Copal 18 

Extia Pale French Oil 110 

Eggshell Flitting Varnish 18 

White C.ipal Enamel .: 14 

Extra Pale Paper 12 

Best .Tapan Gold Size 10 6 

Best Black Japan 16 

Oak and Mahogany Stain 9 

Brunswick Black 8 

Berlin Black ; 16 

Knotting 10 

French and Brush Polish 10 


The new workhouse for the Stourbridge Union is 
to be opened on March 5. 

Mr. W, V. Davis has received the temporary 
appointment of surveyor to the Leominster Rural 
District Council in succession to his late father, Mr. 
W. J. Davis, who held the office for 40 years, he 
having succeeded his father. 

The extension of Kirkcaldy Harbour will be com- 
pleted in the course of a few weeks in so far as the 
east pier, which is the first section of the work, is 
iMncemed. The extended pier is COOft. longer than 
the old pier, and can accommodate vessels of large 
tonnage. The south pier, the tidal basin and dock, 
forming the other section of the scheme, are to be 
commenced immediately. The total cost of the 
extension will be £109,500, £.5,000 in excess of the 
original estimates. 

The University Council of Liverpool have elected 
Mr. Percy E. Newberry to the Brunner Chair of 
Egyptology and Mr. John (jarstang to the John 
Raukin Chair of the Methods and Practice of 
Avchii'ology, both of which chairs were recently 
established by Sir John Brunner, M.P., and Mr. 
John Rankin. Professor Newberry has been con- 
tinuously engaged in archii'ologioal research in 
Egypt or at home for the last li! years. Professor 
Garstang, since his appointment as Reader in 
Egyptian Archa;ology by Liverpool University 
College in 1902, has conducted researches at Beni- 
Hasan and elsewhere with most successful results. 
Both professors will be free for a certain portion of 
each year to continue their work of exploration and 

At the Craigmore Uranite (.juarries, Inverawe, on 
the side of Loch Etive, which belongs to the Car- 
sluith tiranite Co., Ltd., Glasgow, considerably 
oyer 100,000 tons of gi-anite were dislodged by a 
highly successful blast on the 19th inst. A large 
number of blocks are of an enormous size, some of 
them being over 100 tons in weight. The mine in 
which the charge of gunpowder was placed was 
driven into the rock over 100ft. The blasting opera- 
tions were carried out under the supervision of Mr. 
Goldie, the company's manager. A large company 
was present, including a number of builders and 
contractors from Glasgow and other centres. 

The t)ld Architectural Association Day Students' 
Club will hold their sixth annual dinner on 
Wednesday next, .lanuary .'iO, at the Florence 
Restaurant, Rupert -street, W., 7.1'> for 7.'M. The 
hon. secretary is Mr. Geoffrey S. Milebam, 108, 
Mansion House Chambers, 11, Queen Victoria- 
street, E.G. 

Mr. W. H. Woodroffe, F.R.I. B.A., has removed 
his offices from Town Hall Chambers, Southwark, 
to No. o7, Lincoln's Inn Fields, W.C. 

The buildings and improvement committee of the 
Lincoln City Council have passed plans for the erec- 
tion of a theatre in Saltergate by a local syndicate. 
The theatre will hold 1,.300 people, and, it is antici- 
pated, will cost about £15,000. 

A plan for new roads and :!31 houses at Cobholm 
has been sent into the Town Council of Great Yar- 
mouth by the West Town Investment and Building 
Company, Limited. A sub-committee has been ap- 
pointed to view and report. 

The urban district council of Shoeburyness have 
referred .a proposal to spend £2,000 upon a towu- 
hall to a committee for consideration. 

An anonymous gift of £1,000 has been made to 
the Macclesfield General Infirmar}' for the purpose 
of reconstructing the operating theatre. The work 
will be commenced at once. 


121, Bunhill Row, London, E.G. 

TELEPHONE No. 1365. 



Conservatories & Greenhouses. 






(Established 183S.) 



Registered Trade Hark . 


Patent Asphalte and Felt Roofing 



Seyssel Asphalte direct from the Mines. 

Telephone No. 6319 Avenlte. 







120, BunhiU Row, LONDON, E.C. 


•»• Correspondenta would in all cases oblige by giving 
the addresses of the parties tendering— at any rate, of the 
accepted tender : it adds to the value of the information. 

Cardiff.— For additions to the brewerv, for Messrs. 

"W. Hancock and Cj. Mr. Henry Bugden, F.R.I.B.A., 

architect : — 

HatT-erlev and Cn £2.085 

Walter. E.. and Son '2,0.38 

Smitl. F 2,015 

Ilallett. G. ... 1.980 

Allan. J 1,975 

Bearaes. G 1,965 

Knox and Wells l,9tir? 15 ti 

Evans. W. H. 1.895 

Rhepton, S.. and Sons 1,873 17 

Davies. D.. and Sons 1.820 

Williams. E I.SIO 

Thomas. W., and Co., Cardiff* ... 1.790 o o 

Williams, C. ... 1,780 (i 

• Accepted. 

CovRNTRv.— For alterations and extensions for the 
Duplex Tube Co. Messrs. Tait and Herbert, Leicester 
and ('oventry. architects : — 

Gray. J. G. (accepted) £2,9o0 

(Lowest tender received.) 

DuiJLBY.— For further extensions to the Badley Nur.^ing 
Home, Bourne-street, Dudley. Mr. Walter Wright, 
Dudley, arehitec^ : — 

Oiikley and Coulson. Dudley* ... £16 10 

Painting and decorating :—Wythe3 and Son, Dudley. 

* Accepted. 

DiiuLKV.— For erecting retaming-wall at the gasworks, 
Dudley. Mr. Walter Wright. Duiley, arc'iiteet : — 
Oakley and C^iulson, Dudley .. £107 10 

(Accepted. LTwest of two tenders received.) 

nni.i.owAV, N.— Foi erecting the Holloway (Pemberton- 
gardens) tramway car-shed {to ac^'ommoJate 328 cars), for 
the London County Council : — 

Foster and Dicksee, Rugby £31.711 

Mowlem. .T., and Co., I^>udon ... 29,75^ 
McCormick and Sons, London . . 29,972 
Lawrence, E., and Son. London ... 29.:it)2 

HoUowav. H. L , Lmdon 2;1.3:n 

Lovatt, H., Ltd.. Wolverhamptoa.. 2^1.:no 

Leslie and Co., London 28,598 

Carmichael. .T., London 22.221 

Patman iS: Fotheringham. Lmdon 'J8.203 

Kerridge and Shaw, Cambridge .. 27.430 

Kirk and Randall, London 27,2fltJ 

Holland and Hannen, London ... 2(,iil'3 

Foster, F. and G.. London 2o,522 

Holloway Bros., London 26,35) 

Higgs, F. and H. F., London ... 25,093 

Wall, C, Ltd., London* 25,000 

• Recommended for acceptance. 

HoTxowAv, N".— For supply of bnll-headed rails for the ■ 
Holloway car-shed, for the London County Council :— 
Cammell. I^aird. and Co. ... . . £1,670 17 6 

BaiTuw Hematite Steel Co 1,613 10 8 

IJolekow, Vaughan. and Co.' ... 1,613 10 H 

Maclellan, P. and W. 1,609 2 

Recommended for acceptance (including £100 for 
contingencies) . 

Ii'swu'Fi.— For steam apparatus at St. John's Home. 
for the board of guardians : — 

Fraser and Son, MiUwall Boiler 
Works, E. (accepted) £205 

Lal-nckston-.— For building a Volunteer Drill Hall oa 

the site of the Noah's Ark property :— 

Rendle, E., Plymouth (accepted). 

Lf.icestkr.— For the constructional steelwork of new 
factory, for Messrs. Wilde and Co., hosiery maehine- 
makern. Messrs. Tait and Herbert, architects : — 

P<rtter and Sons '.accepted) £U1 12 9 

(Lowest tender received.) 

Lkwisiiam, S.E.— For alterations and additions to 

Colfe's Almsh^-es, High-street. Mr. Horace Porter, 
16, Russell-square, W.C. surveyor : — 

TumbuU and Sons £550 

Kennard Bros 508 

Staines, A. J., and Co., 38, Bishops- 

gate-st. Within, E.C. (accepted)... 490 

LosDON, N.— For the taking down the existing tem- 
porary church and re-erecting on another portion of site ; 
also for the erection of new church premises, for the 
trusties of Springtield-road Primitive Methodist Chapel. . 
Mr. Frank Bethell, 23, Queen Anne's-place, Bush HiU 
Park, En Held, N., architect. Quantities bv the architect: — 

Reason, W. £3,196 

Thorne, F. and T 2,844 

Wilton, E. K ... 2.663 

Steed and Sons 2,631 

Porter. A 2,491 

Stewart,J 2,481 

Lawrence and Son 2,474 

Jennings and Grenfell 2,400 

Thomas and Edge 2,.397 

Mattock Bros 2.287 

Winter and Sons 2,265 

Fairhead & Son, Enfield-* 2,218 

• Provisionally Accepted. 

London. S.E.— For fitting-up No. 215, Waterloo-roaiL 
for the London County Council : — 

Haskins, S.. and Bros.. Loadon^" ... £133 
Sage, F., and Co. (1905). London . . 118 
Lascelles, W. H., and Co., London* 83 
Clark, Bunnett, and Co., I..indon 

(shutters only) 10 4 

- Accepted. 

Txixnox, S.W.— For the supply and delivery of (1) track 
rails and fastenings. &e., and 2) slot raUs and conductor 
tee rails to be used for the construction or reconstruction 
for electric traction of further portions of the Council's, 
tramways, for the London County Council : — 

(I) Track rails, kc. : — 
Steel, Peech, and Tozer, Shetheld .. £35,675 10 ft 
MacLellan, P. and W.. Glasgow ... 32.758 2 6 
Barrow Hematite Steel Co., London 31,965 10 
Bolckow, Vaughan, and Co., Mid- 
dlesbrough^^ 31,230 16 

Scott, W., Ltd., Leeds 29.919 

Lorain Steel Co., U.S.A 28,026 10 

Le Bas. E., and Co., London (in- 
complete) 27,210 5 

(Chief engineer's estimate, £25,907.) 

(2) Slot rails and conductor tee rails : — 

Barrow Hematite Steel Co 26,658 15 

Scott. W., Ltd '26.087 10 

Bolckow, Vaughan, and Co. ... 25,651 5 

Frodingham Iron and Steel Co., 

near Doncister* 23,047 

MacLellan. P. and W 20,993 5 10 

Le Bas, E.. and Co 20,877 10 

(Chief engineer's esti mate, £19,310.) • Recommended for 

Mii.Tuv. — For sewerage works at Milton, for the 

Lymington Rural District Council. Mr. H. C. H. 
Shenton, 28, Victoria-street, Westminster, engineer : — 

Wort and Way. Salisbury £9,883 18 1 

Moran, J., and Son, Loudon ... 8.6il 

Trimra, F. W., Dorking 8,463 

Cooke, B., and Co., London ... 7,9dl 

Redhouse, S., sen., Storfold ... 7,919 2 10 

Harrison, 8. W., vV Co.. Birmingham 7,750 12 6 

Neal, R. H. B.. Ltd., Plymouth . . 7,68J 7 9 

Firth. B., and Co., York 7,604 15 

Smith, H. v., and Co., London ... 7,521 r> 

Napier, G., & Sons, Southampton.. 7,516 19 2 

Streeter, A., and Co., Godalming .. 7,493 6 4 

Oienton, F., Staines 7,213 

Bell, G., and Sons, London 7,218 4 4 

Crawford, K. C. L'ddingston ... 6.952 1 X 

Chick, Garden, & Co., Highworth .. 6,7.S7 18 2 

Cottle, A. J., Tarporley 6,5;3 12 (> 

Grounds & Newton, Boxu'nemouth 6.510 

liayner, G. G., Croydon 6,522 4 4 

Maedonald, F. H., Oxford 6,5j5 11 3 

Oseuton, A. G., Portsmouth ... 6,4T3 3 4 

Udey, J., Cheltenham 6,455 16 9 

O-sman, F.. Smthampton 6,3)0 

Douiflas, J., Southampton 6,25117 

Blackwell, tt.. and Co., London* ... 6,08J 8 « 

Pollard, G., and Co., Taunton ... 6.000 

WiTiiKRSsKA.— For erecting three dwelling-houses^ 
South Clitl*, for Mr. E. Wrigglesworth. Messr.-*. Clough 
and Wrigglesworth, WeltonCnamber.s, Hull,arcuit^ct3:— 
Whitelara, Wilsou, and Co. ... £1*77 14 10 

Boyes and Oliver -^^^ 13 8 

Beal, W. U H35 

Singleton. F 857 7 8 

Nicholson, J. R 823 17 

Wilkinson. J 805 11 8 

Richardson, J 774 6 3 

Berridge, G. W 7'4 6 

{Continued on pije XIX.) 

Feb. 1, 1907. 






VOL. xcn.— No. 271:. 




TirilATEVER ojiinions members of dif- 
' ' ferent political parties may hold 
respecting the greater measures introduced 
into Parliament during last session, there is 
absolute unanimity amongst all honourable 
men that the Act for "The Better Prevention 
•of Corruption " has not been passed a day too 
soon. Again and again we have referred in 
these columns to the 2>i'actiee of giving and 
receiving illicit or secret commissions, and 
the ditficult}- of coping with it- -a practice 
which is, perhaps, more rife in the building 
industry than m any other, though it has 
eaten like a cancer into the whole commercial 
world, until it has become necessary for all 
traders, honest or otherwise, to connive at the 
practice, however they may dislike it. Cer- 
tainly, the giving and receiving of secret 
commissions has always been illegal : but it 
has not been criminal hitherto as it his now 
become. If an architect accepted a present of, 
say, a dozen bottles of wine from a contractor 
who is can-ying out a building under him. at 
<-'hristmas or any other time of the year, and 
his client afterwards discovered that he had 
been lenient towards that builder, there 
might be cause of action against the architect 
for damages, provided that reasonable ground 
could be shown that the gift of the wine had 
influenced the leniency. Now, however, the 
mere fact of giving and receiving the wine 
constitutes a criminal offence under the 
particular circumstances, as it would not be 
difficult to show that such a gift, considering 
the relation of the parties to one another^ 
constituted "an inducement" according to 
the new Act for showing favour towards a 
particular person. It is well, perhaps, here 
to emphasise the first and princijial clause, 
which runs as follows:— "If any agent 
[and ".agent" includes servant or employee] 
con-uptly accepts or obtains, oragreestoaccept 
orattemptstoobtain, fromanv person, for him- 
self or for any other jierson! an-v gift or con- 
sideration as an inducement or reward for 
doing or forbearing to do, or for having 
after the passing of this Act, done or forborne 
to do any act in relation to his principals- 
affairs or business, or for showing or for- 
bearing to show favour or disfavour to any 
person in relation to his principals' affairs or 
busmess, he shall be guQtv of a mis- 
uemeanoui-. " and 

"1. On prosecution and conviction on in- 
dictment he shall be liable to imprisonment 
with or without hard labour for a term not 
exceeding two years or to a fine of not more 
than to(l:i, or to both, or 

"!'. "n summary convictionbefore a magis- 
trate t.. imprisonment for not more than 
iour months, or to a fine of not more than 
i.jO. or to both. 

Exactly the same punishments are to be 
meted out to those who. as principals or their 
agents, offer these inducements or bribes 
and to any who may b3 convicted of -ivin-' 
receipts or other documents relating to their 
principals business which are false or 
defective in any material wav with intention 
to deceive or mislead. 

There are two or three points here to bear 
in mind. The giving or receiving of bribes 
must be committed corruptlv to come within 
the meaning of the Act, but' the renderin.^ of 
false receipts or accounts need only be done 
with intent to deceive. In neither case are 
honest gifts or tips interfered with, but every- 

thing of a dishonest or dishonourable nature 
is immediately banned. Take the case of an 
architect who has employed a quantity sur- 
veyor unknown to his principal, the quantity 
surveyor charging the builder, and the 
builder including these charges in his tender. 
The architect jjresently gives certificates to 
the builder for work done, and he includes in 
these certificates the amount of the quantity 
surveyor's commission, of which the principal 
knows absolutely nothing. This will be the 
rendering of a document in connection with 
the principal's business which is false, and 
there is great probabdity that if a case of 
such common occurrence as this be brought 
into court, the architect, the builder, and 
the quantity survej-or will all be held liable 
to very severe penalties. AVe are speaking, 
of course, with a certain amount of reserve, 
as it is alwaj's impossible to know what view 
the judges will take of any particular Act 
until a trial case has been submitted to them ; 
but this seems to us to be the common-sense 
view of the matter, in spite of its having been 
held hitherto that an architect was, ipso fadn, 
authorised to employ a quantity sur\ eyor, 
and to say nothing about it to his client, as 
without his assistance the price of the build- 
ing could not be ascertained. If it ojierates 
in this way under such very usual circum- 
stances, much more is the .Vet likely to be 
brought into force in the case of an architect 
who takes out his own quantities, and 
charges the builder for them without having 
received the previous sanction of his client ; 
and, in spite of the Institute rule with respect 
to this practice, this is still a very common 
occurrence, particularly in country places. If 
the client's sanction be obtained, however, 
and an architect cares to take out the quan- 
tities himseU', he is full.v entitled to employ 
whatever assistance he likes, and to pay for 
that assistance either by salary or by com- 
mission, even going so far as, in fact, to 
employ a firm of sur\eyors, so long as the 
quantities are issued in his own name, and 
he accepts the responsibility for them. On 
the other hand, the practice of employing 
sur\eyors who put their names to the 
quantities, and chirge 2i per cent, for 
them to the builder, afterwards handing a 
proportion of this amount to the architect in 
consideration of the introduction — a practice 
which we are sorry to say has become so 
common as to be almost recognised as 
customary — is now absolutely and entirely 
condemned under the new Act. Any who 
make themselves party to it in the futirre, 
whatever may have been their custom in the 
past, will be rendering themselves liable to 
imprisonment for a term not exceeding two 
years, a risk which no architect or quantity 
surveyor of any standing whatever would be 
likely to run. Hitherto a commission made to 
the architect in this way could be obtained back 
by the client to whom it properly belonged, if 
he were able to prove the case and oared to 
trouble about it ; but this has been by no 
means sufficient to put a stop to a very bad 
practice, perhaps one of the most flagrant 
examples of an illicit commission having 
become customary which any trade or 
industry can show. There can be little 
doubt that such a case as this would be 
drastically dealt with by any judge who was 
appealed "to under the new Act. It would not 
be a case of summary conviction before a 
magistrate, but for indictment in a higher 
court. There would be little doubt about the 
necessary consent of the Solicitor-General 
being given to an action, and the penalty 
awarded would probably be severe. 

The relationship between architects and 
their builders is generally more strictly 
preserved ; but there are many manu- 
facturing firms which have hitherto said 
that architects are very difficult men to deal 
with— that they will either refuse to specify 
the goods of any particular firm if the 
slightest attempt is made to biibs them, or 
they will not do so at all unless they receive 

heavy bribes; this. dictum clearly denoting 
that there are two classes of architects. Of 
course, the bribes have never hitherto been 
of a very open character : but have consisted 
of such things as the presentation of a new 
mantelpiece or fireplace, or a new hall lamp, 
ostensibly in order that the new thing may 
recei\e a proper tiial : though we have heard 
of such a thing happening as that after some 
work had been completed and before the 
certificate was guen the architect has sent 
round a verbal message asking for his 
"usual l.j per cent." In a case of this sort 
both the architect and the manufacturer 
would understand that a little pile of gold 
placed upon a desk in a private room while 
the architect's back was turned was some- 
thing about which no evidence would ever 
bo forthcoming. 

If it has been worth while for manu- 
facturers and builders to bribe the members 
of an honourable profession, much more has 
it been possible for them to deal with clerks 
of works and others in a lower position, who 
yet do much to control the quality of the 
goods supplied and even to influence orders. 
Provided that the architect is thoroughly 
honourable, attempts are often made to 
influence him by means of his various 
employees, and the clerk of works is parti- 
cularly open to temptation. As a general 
rule, it must be said to the credit of the 
class that he withstands it, and that his 
work is honourably done, and the many 
honourable men will welcome the additional 
power to resist temptation which the new 
Act gives them. But if the principal pro- 
fessional man, the architect,, himself take 
bribes, what can be expected of those under 
him to whom a comparatively small sum is 
probably of much greater valuer There 
may be some risk, even under the new Act, 
that the greater offenders may try to shelter 
themselves behind the lesser ones, leaving 
the latter to bear what punishment may be 
meted out while they gain all possible 
advantages themselves. Probably it is here 
that the necessary consent of the Solicitor- 
General to putting the Act into force will 
prove of advantage. He is not Hkely to 
sanction its being used for crowding' the 
courts with frivolous cases, and will demand 
that in all instances chief offenders shall be 
dealt with first and most drastically. Whether 
it be wise to put the operation of an im- 
portant Act of Parliament solely in the 
hands of one man or not is a matter of broad 
policy with which, at the moment at any 
rate, we need not concern ourselves. It has 
been done in the case of this measure, which 
must be taken as it stands. It is an Act 
that will remove from architects and con- 
tractors a stigma which has most seriously 
affected both for man}- generations past, and 
it will do so none the less effectually if the 
mere fact of the Act having come into 
existence puts a stop to malpractices without 
a single case being tried. 



THE subject set this year for the Grissell 
Medal was a Grand Stand, to be con- 
structed of timber on a racecourse. This 
only brought four competitors, for it is 
evidently a diflicult thing to design, requiring 
a certain amount of special knowledge, while 
architecturally almost impossible of satis- 
factory treatment. At any rate, those who 
have tried to solve the problem have found 
this to be the case, for none of the four 
schemes submitted can be considered to tie 
really satisfactory. That to which the prize 
has been awarded, submitted by Mr. W. A. 
Mellon, under the motto " Roj'al Ascot,'/ is 
unquestionably the best in all respects. He 
provides for no less than five covered tiers of 
small boxes, with open seats arranged on the 
terrace in front and on the roof, but the view 



Feb. 1, 1907, 

is in no case obstnicteil. There is a central 
entrance from the racecourso as well as from 
the back, with proper side entrances, that from 
the course being recessed and cleverly treated 
with a semi-circular coved head, while there 
are private means of admission on each side 
of it to suites of rooms and small stairs lead- 
ing to the Eoyal box over. It might be 
complained that the elevation is hardly what 
one would expect of timber, the iJoric order 
being used on the ground floor, combined 
with imitation arches ; but the construction 
is throughout well devised and clearly shown, 
though there is unnecessary rouglmess in the 
way in which the details have been drawn. 
"Video" provides for three tiers of boxes, 
but makes no provision for a lloyal box, nor 
for any direct entrance from the course at 
all. The construction is remarkably well 
illustrated, but the elevation is exhibition- 
like and ugly. "Sceptre" also provides 
throe tiers of boxes, but they are arranged 
behind covered balconies in which people 
could stand, and as the boxes are not 
raised above their level, the view would 
be considerably interfered with. He has 
also failed by not providing a straight 
frontage, which is essential in such a build- 
ing, as from all parts of it there ought to be 
a wide view over a large area of ground. By 
making his frontage concave he would con- 
centrate the vision of the spectators upon a 
small area which, though the right thing to 
do in a theatre, or even, perhaps, in a stand 
for a football or cricket gi'ound, is decidedly 
wrong where horse-racing is concerned. The 
design is lliinsj' in its appearance, but emi- 
nently suitable for erection in timber. His 
best drawing is the detail of the central 
tower, executed in pencil and light colour 
washes. "Hurst Park" is apparently a 
beginner, sending in an elementary set of 

THE rUGIX :"iTrDEXT.5niP. 

It is unusual to have so few competitors 
for the Pugin Studentship as there are this 
year ; but Mr. A. J. Magetson's drawings 
are some of them so good that he would have 
stood a fair chance of winning even had the 
number of competitors been up to the average. 
His is entirely honest, though scarcely 
brilliant, work, and his sheets are by no 
means equal in merit. His examples are 
taken from Ely, Oxford, and Southwell, and 
the best of them are certainly those from 
the last-named place. He has produced, 
for example, an exceedingly clean pencil 
elevation of the chapter-house doorway, con- 
taining a good deal of tone gradatioji, show- 
ing that the spirit of its excessive beauty had 
entered into him, while his details both of 
foliage and of the small sculptured heads arc 
signalised by wonderful power of correct 
expression. His drawing of the elaborate 
organ-screen is almost, but not quite so good. 
Unfortunately, the perspectives which ho 
submits are second-rate. Mr. Wilfrid J. 
Travers, on the other hand, excels in 
delightful per.spective sketches in pure 
line ; but, however beautiful they may be, 
they would be best described as pretty and 
little. AVhen set beside carefully measured 
drawings they have little teaching \ aluc, and 
as his only measm-ed work is Jacobean, he 
has (pite rightly been passed over. Still, his 
view of Lincoln Cathedral as seen from the 
north through one of the dark arches of 
Wren's library, and his interior of I'eter- 
borough Cathedral showing the crossing of 
south transept and south aisle, are both 
delightful pieces of work. Mr. F. Townson 
Clark ought hardly to have competed. At 
any rate, the hanging of his woolly per- 
spectives and bad colour drawings between 
the exact productions of his two competitors 
ought to teach him a valuable lesson by 


When there is a well-contested competition, 
a* is the case this year, for the measured 

drawing prize, it seems somewhat hard lines 
for the prize to be withheld. In this case 
six young men have spent a large amount 
of time in preparing elaborate drawings for 
the sake of obtaining what is, after all, quite 
a small reward. Yet it has not been given 
to any of them, and that in the face of the 
fact that two have been awarded hon. 
mention, and one of these at any rate- - 
Mr. It. Kobertson, who e.xhibited under the 
motto " Swallow"- has submitted a fine set 
of drawings of a difficult subject. He has 
illustrated Stoke Castle in Shropshire, a 
building having an exceedingly difficult 
plan, and being generally varied. It has 
thus had to be measured with unusual care, 
i^ being impossible to take any one feature 
and merely repeat it, as has been done by 
several of the other competitors. It is evident, 
too, that Mr. Eobertson has taken a thorough 
pleasure in his work, rendering the spirit of the 
place well in all his drawings, and it seems a 
pity that he should have been denied the prize, 
apparently merely because he overcrowded 
his sheet of elevations in order to submit a 
strainer more of full-size details than he need 
have done. Possibly his best drawings are 
the full sizes of the mantel and over- 
mantel in the solar or parlour, but all are 
praiseworthy. Hon. mention has also been 
given to Mr. E. AVynn (;)wen (Waynflete), 
who measured Magdalene College, ( >.xford. 
This was a much easier subject than Stoke 
Castle, containing a large amount of repeated 
work ; but apparently the assessors have taken 
into account the excellence of the large size 
drawings made on the spot, though their 
value is perhaps doubtful as compared with 
plans prepared only approximately to scale on 
blocks or sketch books held in the hand, as is 
customary, and, in fact, almost always neces- 
sary in practice. A jiainstaking but weak 
set has been submitted of Kirby Hall, 
Northamptonshire, which can only be iden- 
tified by a badly drawn animal's head 
within a wreath pasted on the comer of each 
strainer. Unfortunately, the subject is by no 
means a good one to select, owing to its 
being the work of a ] leriod when eccentricities 
were preferred to beauties, and when the 
laws of projjortion were utterly ignored. An 
entirely unnecessary perspective is included 
in the series, unfinished and badl}- drawn. 
"Thrums" has measured St. (leorge's 
Church, Ilanover-squarc. This, again, is a 
bad choice, for, in spite of Georgian archi- 
tetture being popular at the present moment, 
it is too impure to be of much value to a 
student. The drawings are well done, parti- 
cularly the elevation sheet, a good firm line 
being used, while much attention is attracted 
by the bold sheet of full-size moultUngs, 
difficult though they be to diseut;ingle. 
" Adze " has produced a fine set of 
pencil drawings of Trinity College Library, 
Cambridge, the detail of the front, shaded in 
light colours, being most artistic and well 
illustrating the beautiful proportions of the 
work. It is one of the best pieces of pure 
draughtsmanship in the whole room ; but 
unfortunately the set is spoUt by the selection 
of a building having an easy plan, and an 
elevation which, however good it may be in 
reality, produces the effect oi uninteresting 
I'epetition, while nothing else than mouldings 
has been attomptcil full size. "Sparrow" 
has done even worse, taking the common- 
place and simple, tliough at one time much 
admired, ( >rangery of Kensington Palace as 
his subject. He has had evident difficulty 
in making up the re([iiired number of 

With regard to these drawings generally, 
they are open to the criticism that there is a 
want of sufficient figured dimensions upon 
them. These ought to be well displayed and 
arranged in strings across and across the main 
drawings. The lettering, too, is frecjuently 
much too small — a remark which applies 
equally well to drawings submitted for 
several of the other prizes. Students should 

try to remember that the jirime object oi 
lettering is that it should be easilj' read. 


The prize which bears the name of the late 
Mr. Arthur ( 'ates, restricted to such as have 
passed the E.I.U.A. Final FiXam. at thi'ir 
first attempt within the last two years, and 
mainly intended for the study of constructive 
masonry, has most justly gone to Mr. W. W. 
Calthrop, who sends a magnificent set of 
strainers crowded with drawings which are 
characterised by freedom, thorough lovs for 
his work, and a fine sense of colour, wliich 
is even displayed in purel}' constructional 
and measured drawings of vaults and domes. 
He has kept well to the conditions of the 
competition, almost all his sketches being 
illustrative of masonry, and exceedingly 
varied in choice, ranging fi'om the jiurest 
Cfothic vaulting to an elevation of Iniso- 
Jones's Banqueting-IIall in Whitehall. He 
also exhibits a few charming j)erspectiv& 
views, both of houses designed by himself, 
and of old existing buildings : these being 
assisted in their captivating effect hj thi 
charming life-like sketches of young girl> 
which he has introduced here and there. Mr. 
F. Dyer submits a comparativelj' poor set ot 
drawings, as a rule mechanical in theii 
appearance, the exceptions being two really 
bad ink perspectives of the tomb of Arch- 
bishop de (xrey in York Minster, and of the 
oriel of John of Gaunt's house at Jjincoln. 
Mr. W. Dathy Quirke has taken no great 
pains to secure the prize, making little real 
selection, nor adding to his testimonies ot 
study to any appreciable extent. He is, 
apparently, very proud of a design for an art 
gallery, spreading the drawings of it over 
several strainers. His best work, however, 
consists in measured drawings of details of 
the I 'hurchcs of Old and New Shoreham. 



THE seventh fortnightly meeting of tin 
Association for the present session was held 
on Friday evening at Its, Tufton-street, West- 
minster, Mr. Walter Cave, vi:-.e-president, in the-jjt 
chair. Mr. Hexry Tanxku, Jan., hon. secretary, gl 
announced that the President, ilr. R. S. Balfour. ' 
continued to make satisfactijry progress after the 
severe operation he had recently undergone, and 
was to leave London for a short holiday the follow- ; 
ing day (Saturday). The Ciiaikman stated that] 
Mr. James B. Fulton had resigned h's seat as a J 
member of the Council. At the next meeting of ^ 
the Association the Council would nominate, as | 
his successor, Mr. F. Dare Clapham, whose 
name was highest among the unsuccessful candi- 
dates at the last election. It was stated that at 
the next meeting of the Discussion Section, on 
Wednesday, Feb. 6, Mr. T. L. D.ile would read a 
paper on "Arbitration and the I'liblie." On the 
motion of the Chairman, Jlr. E. R. Sladen w,"isl 
reinstated in membership, and the foUowiiis new 
members were elected by show of hands : — Messrs. 
J. (iuekett. H. Biewis, E. J. Hatherell, H. F ,, 
Chandler, C. E. F. Roe, J. G. Allen, J.'S(* 
Huxley, A. F. Bryan, and F. Winton Newman. 


The following paper on this subject, written b;U 
Mr. R. Ci.irsTox Stvrciis, F.A.I. A., of Bostonp 
U.S.A. (senior partner in the tirm of Sturgis ani. 
Barton, and vice-president of the Boston Society o 
Architects), was read in the author's unavoidabll 
absence in the States by Mr. Autiiue IveexI^ 
At the time of the break with the mother country! 
said Jlr. Sturgis, architecture in that part of th v 
country which was colonised by England wflj 
following closely on the lines of English wcirli| 
At the end of the 18th century the magniticem 
architectural record of the Media-val builders ba' 
become history and archM'ology, and Classic forn 
and Classic formula had taken the place of vit: 
art. The Revived Classic forms with the: 
fundamental principles of proportion and s>ii 
raetry were, however, by no means unsuited 1 
the new c3nditions among which they four 
development. The growth of cities, with tl 
obvious requirements of direct thoroughfares ai 
economical use of ground, encouraged and ga 
reasonable opportunity for the symmetry of Clasil 

Feb. 1, 1907. 



)lanning. From the pructical and economical 
loint of view the regular plan commended itself 
m all sides, and the fact that it was the prevailing 
'ivshion on the Continent was sutJieient to fix it 
irmly as the univeraally accepted method in 
Vmerica. In England it had its wise and reason- 
ible expression in innumerable b\iildings in city 
ind ciiuntry, und while the rambling and pic- 
uresquo plan of the Elizaljethan and .Jacobean 
vork will always remain, to the foreigner at 
east, the distinctive and altogether perfect 
'xpression of English domestic architecture. The 
louses built under (iueen Anne and the Georges 
lave a charming quality of homelike comfort 
vhich in its way is unequalled, and which, in its 
•lose adaptation to what one might call modern 
lomestic conditions, was more reasonable than a 
:)lan based on feudal conditions. 


This was the condition architecturally that set 
ts stamp on the English (Colonise in America, and, 
nasnuu'h as we liad not the wealth of the mother 
■ountry, we followed the simplest ami best ex- 
iressions, and were under no temptation to 
mitate the extravagances of the more ambitious 
Knglish examples. It was that charming ho\ise 
in the Close at .Salisbury, and the host of examples 
that aie in line with this work of Wren's, not 
Houghton or Blenheim, that guided the taste of the 
Colonists. For a while after the establishment of 
the United States, our architecture continued in a 
[uiet and dignitied way to follow the trend of 
matters architectural in the western world. The 
lets that made the T'nited States an independent 
power wen^ not acts of revolution in the ordinarily 
iccepted sense. We had no quarrel with 
England's tioverment, as a fiu-m of Government, 
but only with certain exceptional applications of 
it that were invented for our special benefit. 
When, therefore, we started to govern ourselves, 
a Republican form of Government was adopted 
I we couldn't very well have had any other), but 
was no radical change in our civilisation, 
our outlook, or our environment. The fine 
arts, architecture, and literature have their 
proper place and their due prominence in 
such a social condition. With .leiierson, as 
with Washington, these things were a necessarv 
part of the equipment of a cultivated man ; and 
ihe cultivated man was the one who naturally be- 
longed at the headof affairs. These conditions, how- 
3ver, did not continue with us. A variety of causes 
demanded and produced a type of man essential for 
the development of a country of whoso resources 
.Washington had but the fa'intest perception— a 
|type of man who must combine tlie indomitable 
;;ourage and perseverance of the pioneer with the 
hhrewdness of the promoter, who must be able to 
junderstand what the resources and possibilities of 
jthe country -re, and to be competent to develop 
jthem. Such men liad neither the time nor the 
temperament for that sort of cultivation which 

\-ery gentleman of the first generation considered 

isential. Even in the ( lid World, the period 
from 1830-1870 was a dull time architecturally 

to put it very mildly), and with us it was 


Every kind of good precedent was thrown to 
he winds. Sound Classic precedent slipped into 
I spurious Greek executed in wood, tiothic, 
vhich had long been a terra incognita even to the 
ultivated, was explored bv the ignorant and 
endered in wood with the aid of ihe jig-saw. 
Here and there were sporadic cases of fairly good 
»'ork ; but architecture as a whole was' in a 
nost deplorable state at the close of our civil 
var. In judging work of this period, however, 
i IS only fair to bear in mind the special cir- 
umstances that differentiated the United Suites 
rom the older Western civilisation. In the 
arly _ days both economy and speed of con- 
traction favoured the use of wood, and the 
iccessity of clearing the land made it practically 
mperativc. Following on good tieorgian pre- 
edent much good and exceedingly clever and 
ntoresting work was done. .Stone precedents 
nd examples were interpreted in wood with a 
eUcate and charming sense of the difference in 
he character of the material. Thus wood came 
-> be established as the common building material, 
nd as long as good taste ruled and modest means 

mited expenditure the results were charming, 
lut when men without cvUtivation or taste 

quired wealth the temptation to extravagance 
nd eccentricity resulted in work wholly l)ad ; 
nd those bad "xa-nples were received witli 

opular approval, and caused rapid deterioration 

I the perception of what beauty and truth really 

meant. Rapid growth of wealth, and rapid 
expansion of the people into new territory, made 
it impossible to build in any but the (piirkest 
way, and the constant shifting of population 
encouraged ephemeral work. The contrast in 
the construction of railways in America and 
England is an excellent example of the neces- 
sities which forced upon Amerii-a its methods. 
England, building for a compact and settled 
community, built with a view to permanency and 
safety. Tho» United .States, forced to build to 
serve scattered communities in vast unoccupied 
areas, with a sole eye to setting rails on which a 
train could run, built in the quickest and cheapest 
way : and it was yeai"s before tliere was time or 
money to consider better methods. In archi- 
tecture it was the same story, and this accounts 
for, if it does not excuse, the amount of un- 
studied and vicious work done in the forties and 


After 186.5, with the establishment of peace and 
the rapid growth of prosperity, people had once 
more a chance to pay some attention to the fine 
arts. There was an enormous demand for build- 
ings, and those who in the seventies were thinking 
of architecture as a profession had the assurance 
that the well-equipped and well-trained architeit 
had before him a great career. Our own archi- 
tectural schools were in their infancy ; but one or 
two had already begun to do good work at that 
time. The P^cole des Beaux Arts at Paris offered 
the best opportunity for sound training. Uur 
people have always felt kindly to France, and 
have admired her position in the world of fine arts. 
To Paris then our students went to receive sound 
training on Classic lines. At the same time 
attention was again directed, chiefiy through. 
English influences, to the value and beauty of 
Media'val work. You know what that was in 
England, and how Ruskin and a host of saner 
followers of that great enthusiast reawakened in 
the hearts and understanding of all lOnglish 
speaking people the marvellous treasures of the 
centuries that preceded the Italian Renaissance. 
With eyes newly opened our people began to see 
the sound coramonsense beauty of the simple 
Classic work of our forefathers. 


and the buildings of the early days of independ- 
ence once more received the attention and rever- 
en<-e they deserved. A small but growing body 
of men began to stem the tide of horrors which 
had resulted from an ignorant and unreasoning 
demand for .something new, something American, 
something which was not part and parcel of the 
effete civilisation they fancied we had left 


Added to this new self-respect for our past 
came a reawakening sense of the treasures of 
architectural history in mediicval times. It was 
like discovering a virgin field, so long had it lain 
fallow, and it was entered on with the greatest 
enthusiasm. Students returning fiom abroad 
had their sketch-books packed with pii-turesque 
and often very clevorly-drawn sketches of French 
manor and farm houses, Romanesque work from 
the South of France, Eirly Italian work, the 
vigour of Tuscan palaces, the subtle beauty and 
gorgeous colour of the south and ot Constanti- 
nople, and the Gothic of France and England. 
It was a surfeit of good things, far more than we 
were able to digest. The result at first was a 
host ot miserable failures, and, to offset this, a 
few brilliant successes. The few successes were, 
however, a great stimulus to the students follow- 
ing, and to those already at work. Each suc- 
ceeding year saw the students begin work better 
equipped, and the men in active practice gained 
knowledge rapidly through great opportunities, 
and by failure as well as by success. A nation 
with so little in the way of architectural inherit- 
ance, and with so few conservative tendencies, 
must necessarily be open-minded to new impres- 


is constantly envying the greater opportunities 
which Englishmen have. They envy them not 
alone nor chiefiy for the architectural treasures 
that surround them at home, for the wealth of 
precedent that guides them aright in English 
ways, but for the handy Continent, France and 
Holland across the Channel, Italy but a few 
hours' journey further on, so that a short holiday 
may at any time put the English architect in the 
midst ot the best examples of architecture in the 

Western world. But, as a matter of fact, one is 
inclined to think that the American student, 
wlien he docs cross the Atlantic, sees with more 
open eyes, and prolits more readily from what 
he sees, and so is better off than the English- 
man. Nor need he really envy those wlio live in 
the midst of the treasures ot the Continent. The 
Frenchman may go to Italy to study, but does not 
often trouble himself to seek architectural know- 
lodge in England or Holland. The German may 
travel in France and Italy, but a]iparently profits 
little by such experience. But the American 
student goes everywhere with the eager eye of one 
to whom all is new and wonderful. No native 
bias, no prejudice, no conservative respect for the 
work of his own people hampers him in his study 


This is a great advantage. Another equally 
great is that architects in the United .States are 
largely drawn from the class who have the means 
for a thorough education as a foundation. To limit 
a gentleman's occupation to the army, the navy, 
and the Church would be utterly unintelligible to 
an American. The Church here undoubtedly holds 
an important place in the community ; but that 
could not be said of the army and navy. Nor is 
diplomatic service as yet looked upon as an 
important and interesting field for the well- 
educated and ambitious man. Those, who, in 
England, are by birth entitled to tlie best educa- 
tion are attracted to occupations which seldom 
tempt us. The result is. that professions like 
architecture, medicine, and the law are filled by 
the best educated men. .\rchitecture, as a pro- 
fession, is as highly esteemed as the law, and 
rather higher than the occupations which, until 
recently, were looked upon as the only ones 
available for an English gentleman's son. The 
students who go abroad are generally men well 
equipped intellectually to take full advantage of 
the opportuities offered them. The result of this 
with us has been twofold. The lack of estab- 
lished precedent, and the wealth of ideas accumu- 
lated by study abroad, has had the effect of 
urging our people to new effort, and our con- 
fidence in our groat and prosperous future has 
helped us to believe that we would de\'elop a new 
style of architecture — something American, some- 
thing quite our own. On the other hand, the study 
of the fine old examples has encouraged a sincere 
and deep-rooted admiration of the masterpieces of 
the past, and a wholesome modesty as to our 
ability to equal them by anything that does not 
follow closely on the precedents of the past. Both 
phases have had their development here, and one 
is inclined to think that the sober sense of the 
present generation sees good in both points of 
view, but is far more governed by the former. 
That is. we may in time develop something 
especially adapted to modern use — the many- 
storied structure on immensely valuable land may 
bring its logical solution. The modern methods 
of construction — the steel skeleton — reinforced 
concrete — may lead us to new expression ; but, if 
we do so develop, it will be along the lines of the 
sound planning of the schools, the reasonable laws 
of construction and decoration that have been ex- 
emplified and proved in all the work of the jiaat, 
ancl that has stood the test of time. 


of the past decade in America is not new, is not 
American, but is conservative. More conserva- 
tive, one ventures to say, than much of the work 
of France, with its Exposition style of architecture 
influencing work that is worthy of a more serious 
treatment ; more conservative than Germany, 
with its often grotesque strivings for an art that 
is new ; more conservative than England, whose 
civic architecture has neither advanced Media'val 
development from the point at which Pugin 
placed it when the Houses of Parliament were 
iiuilt, nor improved on the Classic sobriety and 
dignity of St. George's Hall in Liverpool. 


American architects have been influenced more 
or less by all the architectural experiments of the 
Continent, and have had their own vagaries of 
experiment. Richardson dug into the treasures of 
Romanesque work, and conceived and executed 
one or two noble buildings with the spirit of the 
past and a certain modern vitality ; but the 
experiments conduc^ed by his numerous 
followers brought disgrace and obloquy on the 
style. Only in the backwaters of civilisation 
is it attempted now. The decorative motives 
ot India and the Far East were taken 
by some as the proper fo:m in which to clothe a 



Feb. 1, 1907. 

skeleton structure— the ornament to be truly super- 
ficial rather than structural — a sound enough 
theory. But the experiments along this line were 
more interesting than convincing. Modern 
French has set its rather loud and often vulgar 
mark on much of our municipal and domestic 
work in the great cities. The debased examples 
of this, however, have been such a warning to 
the leaders in this movement that the work of 
these leaders is tending to the quietest, simplest, 
and most refined expression of French art ; indeed, 
the best work of this class is almost more closely 
akin to the precedents of Italy — the Renais- 
sance fountain head — than to those of France. 
English Gothic, especially its collegiate jihase, 
has found its expression here, and with the 
chastened memory of the early American bar- 
barities in this style, and a grateful affec- 
tion for such sound old-school examples as Trinity 
Church, New York, the development here 
has not departed much from sound precedent, but 
in a general way tends toward what might have 
been expected if Gothic had continued its natural 
course. It is, perhaps, needless to add that there 
has been much ignorant handling of this most 
difiicult style. 


The most discouraging tendency in American 
architecture to-day is its individualistic character. 
It is the natural outcome of our form of popular 
government, and it is one of the penalties we pay, 
along with untrained public service and ill- 
executed public utilities, for the uplifting effect 
on the community of popular control, for the 
self-respect and confidence engendered by the 
sense that each voter has of being a definite 
factor in shaping the progress and the destiny 
of his country. The effect of the individual 
tendency is twofold : first, to encourage the 
expenditure of study, time, and money on 
private projects, unhampered by limiting re- 
straints, even those that are for the general 
good. The individual may exercise his taste and 
judgment, or give a free hand to the architect in 
whom he has confidence. The architect thus has 
exceptional opj)Ortunities. On the other band, 
the individual tendency makes directly against 
all work that has for its primary element the 
general good ; and, consequently, we lack in 
America good examples of work which depend 
more on the execution of a well-considered whole 
than on the excellence of detail. That our archi- 
tects are able to handle well general problems of 
planning and composition was abundantly shown 
in the buildings surrounding the Court of Honour 
in the Chicago Exposition, and it has been re- 
peated -with more or less of success at Buffalo, 
Omaha, and St. Louis. Such opportunities do 
not occur under (u'dinary conditions governing 
either Federal or large State and municipal 

CIVIC .\1!T. 

The abfolutely autocratic control of Napoleon 
made possible the reconstruction of Paris. The 
almost equally autocratic or independent County 
Council cuts great thoroughfares through London, 
and lays down conditions for the buildings which 
are to line them. The control of the great pro- 
perties in the bands of individual owners makes 
possible the systematic and uniform treatment of 
a given civic area. You think promptly of Cubitt 
and^ Belgravia. But there is something pretty 
distinguished there which Kensington lacks. 
There are things in Bath not often rivalled to-day 
in city streets or squares. No such conditions 
exist with us. It may be said now that France 
is now a Kepublic, and yet Pai-is has still laws 
which, by limiting cornices and skylines, produce 
the regularity which is almost the only thing 
needed to give dignity and distinction to a groat 
thoroughfare. It may equally be said that the 
South American Republics, iii their great cities. 
Buenos Ayres and Kio do Janeiro, show a sense 
of general civic beauty which is not to be accounted 
for by autocratic control or by large holdings of 
real estate. This is true : but France grew 
into Republicanism with a well-defined and 
established policy, and had sufiacient taste to ap- 
preciate it. Brazil and the Argentine inherited 
the Latin outlook, which is primarily one of sub- 
servience to law and order ; and temperamentally 
they, too. like the French, were sulficiently im- 
bued with the love of art to appreciate this in- 
herited tradition. England. Irom whom we 
inherited our architectural tradition, in common 
with most of the Anglo-Sixons, laid no great 
stress on general schemes of civic beautv. It is 
perhaps not strange, but it is certainly deplorable, 

that America, with its many brilliant examples of 
individual or isolated works of architecture, should 
be so absolutely lacking in distinguished civic 
architecture. Xo autociatic power, either of an 
individual or of a group of men, has as yet been 
sufficiently interested in large architectural 
schemes as to ensure their execution. Perhaps 
for us it is as well that there should not be, and 
that we should turn, perforce, for support 
and encouragement to the people themselves ; 
but I believe it is more than dotibtful if 
this expression of art will ever be popular. 
In view of recent developments, we may 
await this issue with more patience and 
coinage, for city after city has awakened to a 
sense of its lost opportunities in the past only to 
determine that those that lie in the future shall 
not be lost. Here at least we are reaping the 
benefit of the big exposition groups, and the 
lesson they taught of the value of concerted action, 
of standard dimensions and repeats, of a well- 
considered whole, in which the parts, while 
admitting variety, yet conform to the general 
laws controlling the whole. Most of these are 
still in the condition of beautiful drawings em- 
bodying fine ideas — here and there one, as in 
Cleveland, is already taking form. \VhiIe we 
m.ay not expect the public to imitate or even fully 
understand these plans, we must for their develop- 
ment depend on the people for support, and unless 
our ideas are rational and practical, and the 
average man can see some return for his money — 
beauty is beginning to have its commercial value 
— we cannot advance far in the solution of broader 
problems. In our individual work, where most 
progress has been made, our incursions into a 
variety of styles has resulted in a pretty generally- 
diffused knowledge, a somewhat quick recovery 
from the strained effort to do something new and 
different, and a restrained sobriety among our 
best men which is having its influence in mould- 
ing taste throughout the country. On the whole, 


of the best work in America is toward conserva- 
tive lines : but in following this course one sees 
that intelligent use of preceient which shows that 
the stage of student and copyist is past, and that 
we are enteiing — slowly, but soberly and care- 
fully — on the more responsible period of imagina- 
tive handling of well-understood laws. That we 
hax-e learned that there are laws under which we 
work is a most important thing. Once accept 
this, and we have gained that perfect freedom 
which is possible only to those who have learned 
to obey. The illustrations whi<'h are to be shown 
are necessarily very few, and cannot be con- 
sidered even representative of the vast architec- 
tural field in the United States. You have, 
perhajis, noted that I have said no word as to the 
old French influence and its architectural records 
in Petroit, St. Louis, or New Orleans, or of the 
Spanish work in California and on the Mexican 
border. These have had a .■-trong influence, and 
especiallv the latter — the charming works of the 
Spanish Monks on the Pacific coast. Some of the 
slides will show modern interpretations of this. 
With the exception of the first few slides the woi'k 
shown is nearly all quite modern. These few- 
early slides are simply to show the kind of thing 
we had in Colonial days, a type familiar enough 
in England, but very cleverly adapted for execu- 
tion in wood here, and what we were doing in the 
early days of Independence. The gloomy archi- 
tectural period from them up to modern days 
might have been shown .as a warning; but that no 
body of English .architects needs. 

At the close of the lecture Mr. ICeen exhibited 
.about a hundred lantern slides, reading upon them 
brief notes forwarded by Jlr. Sturgis. Jlr. 
Keen remarked that they were greatly indebted 
to Mr. R. \. Y'erbury, the librarian of the 
association, who was not nnly showing the slides, 
but had prepared them all in the short space of 
six days from photographs and drawings sent over 
from Boston. !ftlass, by Mr. Sturgis. Among the 
illustrations so exhibited was one of the Old St;itc 
House in State-street, Boston, a dignified edifice 
built in Colonial days : the Longfellow* house at 
Cambridge, .Mass, a typical example of a Georgian 
precedent reproduced in wood; the Park Street 
Church, Boston, with an admiiable Renaissance 
spire and colonnade executed in wood, as is also 
the State House in Boston. Among the modern 
buildings shown included the Minnesota State 
Capitol, a Classic building designed by Mr. Cass 
(iilhert : the Capitol at Providence, Rhode Isand, 
bv Messrs. JFcKini, Mead, and White ; the Post 
Office at Annapolis, Maryland, from plans by Mr. 

J. K. Taylor, supervising architect to the U.-S'. 
Treasury ; the Custom House at New York 
(recently described and illustrated in our columns 
by Mr. Harry Hems) ; the public libraries at 
New York and Boston, and the Museum, Horti- 
cultural Hall, and University at Philadelphia. A 
series of public schools followed, ilr. Sturgis said 
that these were the foundation of all the prosperity 
of the States, and compared favourably in his judge- 
ment with those erected anywhere. The Mathew 
School, on Meeting House Hill, Boston. Messrs. 
Cram, (ioodbue, and Ferguson, architects, the 
Ellis Mendel Schools in the same city, by Messrs. 
.\ndrews, .Jacques, and Rentoul, of Boston weii> 
among those illustrated. The latter is a striking- 
example of one of the solutions of the difficult 
problem of providing all lighting from the left- 
hand of the pupil — each one of the piers between 
windows represents a constructive support in 
correspondence to the steel beams which take the 
2-lft. span of the rooms. The High School on 
Monument Hill, Charlestown, is like the Bunker 
Hill Memorial opposite, carried out in granite, 
and was planned by Messrs. Stickney and Austin, 
of Boston. After exhibiting some lailway stations 
of great magnitude, a series of tall office building.-* 
were shown on the screen, including Bromby 
Chambers, designed by Mr. Cass tJilbert, ami 
having all the ornament massed at the top ; two 
buildings at Chicago by Mr. Howard Shaw, 
quiet and original in treatment ; stores iu 
Chicago by Mr. Sperry, in which the bond of 
the veneering brickwork is utilised for decora- 
tion ; and the Central Trust Building at Chicago 
by Messrs. Holabird and Roche, a steel frame 
clothed with terracotta in which the ornament is 
constantly repeated. In closing, three Boston 
churches were illustrated : H. H. Richardson's 
famous church of Trinity, with the very dissimilar 
additions since made by his successors, Messrs. 
Shepley, Rutan, and Cooledge ; and two suburbai> 
edifices. All Saints. Dorchester, by Messrs. Cram. 
Goodhue, and Ferguson, built of rock-faced New 
English granite ; and one at Cohasset, the latter 
being Late Gothic in general type. 

Mr. Loiis AMiiLEii proposed a vote of thanks 
to the author and reader of the very suggestive 
paper they had listened to. 

This was seconded by Mr. Matt. Gariutt, 
who referred to the indebtedness of American 
arcliitects to the workers of nearly every other 
nation. Their designers took more than a little 
inspiration from the buildings of other countries, 
.and until they displayed more originality, we ^ 
could not expect any great works from architects ' 
in the States. The late H. H. Richardson's ! 
work was characteristic, however, of its author. . 
Messrs. McKim, Jlead, and White had shown i 
two views, striking in resembl.ince ; one was the- 1 
original edifice, the other the building they had 
adapted from it. At first this seemed like giving 
the show away ; but as one examined the two ^ 
designs, one realised the cleverness of the | 
architects' adaptation. 

The CnAiuMAX, in summing up the discussion, 
referred to the great rush in American architect's 
offices, due to the urgency for speedy work on the of building owners, and remarked in 
spite of this haste, astonishingly good work was 
turned out. 

Mr. Keen briefly acknowledged the vote of 


AT the ordinary general meeting, on Monday- ' 
last, Dr. Henry Woodw,ard,F.R.S., IX.D. ! ' 
{late Keeper of Geology, British Sluseum), read ' 
an interesting paper on "The Uses of a Geo- 
logical Collection," with special reference to a 
representative geological collection which the 
Institution has, from time to time, acquired, and 
which has recently been arranged and classified 
by Dr. Woodward. 

The author began by emphasising the import- 
ance of a knowledge of geology in the work of a 
surveyor who was called upon, in the language of 
the institution's Charter, to " admeasure and 
delineate the physical features of the earth," and 
to " determine the value of landed property and 
the development of estates." Without a k-now- 
ledge of the soil and subsoil of an estate, neither 
forestry nor agiicultiire could be successfully 
carried on. and this knowledge had its root in 
geology. Again, with no geological knowledge 
one might be deceived as to the best road material! 
to use on an estate, or might send miles to pro-i 
cure stone, sand, lime, or bricks, while thel 
material lay under his feet, only awaiting the 

Feb. 1, 1907. 



quarrying. Without Icnowing the local water- 
bearing strata one might spend largo sums in un- 
successful well-sinking for a water supply ; and, 
to take another instance of the value of a geo- 
logical knowledge of an estate, there might be 
beneath it valuable phosphatic deposits for the 
agriculturist or mineral wealth in coal, iron, or 
metalliferous veins of immense commercial value. 
The connection between this knowledge and a 
properly- aiTanged collection of fossils lay in the 
fact that in nearly every case certain fossils 
were characteristic and indicative of certain 
well - defined beds, which modern geology, 
based on the researches of William Smith, 
showed to occur in regularly succeeding strata. 
Born in 17ii9 and trained as a land surveyor, or 
almost what we should now cull an engineer, 
William Smith, " the father of British Geology," 
as he had been called, studied in the course of his 
professional work the (then almost unknown) 
science of geology, and from observation in 
different parts of the country was enabled to 
establish two important facts : first, that the 
several layers of rock from the New Red Marl 
upwards followed one another in regular and 
orderly superposition ; and secondly, that fossil 
organisms, such as shells, echinoids, corals, kc, 
were characteristic of particular formations, and 
served (as a rule) to identify the beds wherever 
they were met with. In 1 799 he drew up his tirst 
table of the order of succession of the British 
strata, and for the next fifteen years was busily 
engaged in carrying out engineering works, water 
supplies, kc. for which he acquired a high repu- 
tation. He had several influential patrons ; but, 
although he was now in receipt of a good income, 
he impoverished himself for the sake of his 
cherished object, the geological map, and, owing 
to the failure of some investments, was obliged to 
part with his geological collection to the trustees 
of the British Museum. He was awarded the 
Wollaston Gold Jledal of the Geological Society 
in 1831, as a great original discoverer in English 
geology, especially in the succession of strata 
and their identification. After receiving many 
honours and recognitions, he died in 1839, seventy 
years old. It was to teach the practical lessons 
of William Smith's discoveries that such collec- 
tions as that possessed by the Institution had a 
real value to all concerned with land or landed 

Dr. Woodward proceeded, by the aid of a 
powerful electric lantern, to show upon the screen 
numbers of characteristic fossils, explaining each 
and its relation to the different strata, of which 
our knowledge at the present time was, he said, 
much greater than it was possible for William 
Smith to acquire at a time when, in the absence 
of railways, and the very limited working of 
collieries and ironworks, there were few artificial 
e.tcavations of any great extent or depth, and his 
observations were, to a large extent, confined to 
the exposed surfaces. He did, nevertheless, make 
very considerable progress, and all subsequent 
research confirmed his conclusions. It was re- 
markable that, wherever geologists had extended 
their observations abroad, the same orderly suc- 
cession of the rocks and their fossil contents had 
been met with, and their correlation established. 
There were, of course, special and peculiar local 
formations containing characteristics of their own, 
but many of the great series, the Carboniferous 
for instiince, were widely distributed and practi- 
cally identical throughout the world. In con- 
clusion, Or. Woodward invited the members of 
the Institution interested in the s\ibject to meet 
him in the Geological Department of the British 
Museum, to study, under his guidance, the 
original collection ' of William Smith, and the 
numberless other interesting geological specimens 
there exhibited, the invitation being received with 

Mr. T. J[. Rickman (past-president^ having 
moved a hearty vote of thanks, which was 
seconded by Mr. T. A. Dickson (Fellow), and 
unanimously passed, and Dr. Woodward having 
briefly replied, the proceedings terminated. 



THIS competition was only intended to include 
the central block of a bigger scheme, and so 
to those who have not seen the instructions, which 
we repeat at the end of this review, the chapel 
illustrated might seem out of all proportion to the 
needs of the almspeople living in the eight tene- 
ments provided for in the building pictured on 

this occasion. We expected a better result than 
we have obtained. The subject is deserving of a 
good design, and, indeed, suggests one. It is a 
curious circumstance, however, that almshouses 
almost invariably are over-elaborated, and inclined 
to run to seed in the matter of exuberance 
of detail. What terrible things we recall 
with fiorid costly stonework and fancy slating 
ridges, and gargoyles in company with all 
the horrors of Media'valism got out of hand. 
The poor old folks who live in almshouses may 
quarrel and swear and give trouble, but they are 
simple-minded, homely folk, not in the least 
needing to be lodged in places so fearfully and 
wonderfully made. This is all obvious to those 
with eyes to see, while here and there all over 
England are to be found quiet, unsophisticated 
testimonies, not only to the generosity of our 
forefathers, but evidences of their good taste in 
these matters even in the days of the fourtieorges. 
Some excellent modern almshouses, too, might be 
mentioned : but the general rule in designing 
almshouses is to set all rules at defiance and 
indulge in a needless vulgar expense. The 
members of our Club sin in fashionable company 
in this respect, and we are not inclined to unduly 
blame students for doing that which men with 
handles to their names and much pretension to 
high art actually stoop to in their own practice. 
Still, it must be made clear that such extrava- 
gance is in bad taste and entirely out of keeping 
with the object in view. Where simple designs 
have been sent in for this particular competition, 
they are accompanied by such bad planning and 
wretched drawing that the "simple life" 
members left themselves no chance and us no 

This is the best selection we can agi-ee *to : 
"Lion" 1st, "Harlequin" ^nd, and "Nabob" 
3rd. They, one and all, tried hard and worked 
well — Christmas time, and all. "Lion," no 
doubt, thought he was doing a plain sort of 
building : see how he holds in his hands when 
drawing the east end window of the chapel. It 
is simple, of course, but, oh, how ugly ; while the 
swaggery above in the pinched-up gable only 
makes the want of proportion all the more over- 
bearing. Consider, too, how mean the chapel- 
alley doors look, as compared with the house 
portals — the two do not accord or justify such a 
distinction. We find no fault with either in- 
dividually, but they are out of harmony. Instead 
of the organ spaces which open out of the chapel 
being treated outside as part of the building to 
which they belong, "Lion" has made them 
appear as additional accommodation for the alms- 
houses. This scheme is simple in its lines, and 
for that reason, taking plan and elevation 
together, we place it first ; but we can only 
do this with a iull recognition of the relative 
defects of the other schemes. The narthex should 
have had its screen on the other side of the 
entrances, and so the side porches carried further 
westward sufficiently to allow of an access to the 
inmates' stalls on the east side of the western 
screen. Instead of the side notes on the sheet, a 
section of the chapel would have been an ad- 
vantage. The almshouse windows are rather 
prettily managed. 

" Harlequin " arranges the narthex much iiore 
satisfactorily, but the return stalls are on the 
wrong side of the chancel screen, and ought to 
face the altar, not the congregation. The chancel 
is too ambitiously planned, and the organist is 
not well placed. The arcaded verandah is a good 
feature, and enables the old folks to get round to 
their chapel without going into the open ; but, in 
a quadangular scheme, as indicated by the block- 
jjlan, this verandah should have been continuous. 
The general effect is commendable, though too 
florid with Flamboyant traceries. The poor old 
souls for whom the place is being provided do not 
need such ornate treatment. The checker-board 
or tile paving so laboriously drawn in the plan only 
adds to the confused appearance of the whole. 

"Nabob " puts a black-edged border round his 
elevation and .section, which is an extension of the 
current craze for a defining thick line inclosing 
the external outline of elevations of buildings. 
The effect as here shown along the sky-line is 
most objectionable, and gives the appearance of 
putting the affair into mourning. A little time 
ago the fad wa.s to omit all enclosing lines entirely, | 
on the theory that in nature defined lines do not 
appear. ,\ll this is folly, simply tending to mis- j 
lead. The seats for the public are located at the 
west end as directed, but in order to reach their 
places the visitors must traverse the whole body 
of the chapel. The clancel is too big, and not 

well arranged. The priests' stalls are wrongly 
put. and ought to face the east, as specified. The 
ambulatory passage dividing the body of the 
chapel from the choir is jn itself a pleasing 
feature, but it is a most objectionable arrange- 
r.-.ent. The almspeople are mostly deaf and 
suffer from bad eyesight, consetiuently need to be 
as near the officiating minister as possible. This 
double arcade cuts them off' too much. The bell 
gable is very ugly. The east window is not 
pretty. The depth of wall over the flanking 
archway entrances is insufficient for good effect. 
The black filling is meaningless. The fenestra- 
tion of the houses looks rather crowded, cutting 
as the windows do close down on to the slating of 
the end gables. The organ is too pinched in, as 
seen in the section with n<.> means of access. 

" Anak " sends one of the best jilans, which he 
has well worked out to advantage. We cannot 
say we think the elevations very attractive, 
though it is not so easy to determine their chief 
fault. The view adds to the impression referred 
to. The absence of good proportion is the 
p"evailing architectural deficiency, and the 
effect, too, is so smug. The author may 
fancy this remark applicable to some of the 
other schemes, and we are inclined to agree. 
His planning of the houses is excellent, and the 
way in which the upper floor is reached by a 
recessed staircase is thoughtful and clever. 
The narthex to the chapel is right. The 
chancel has no return stalls, and the little 
dark recess for the altar is objectionable in 
every respect. The bell turret is not good, 
" The Nib " has not done the subject justice, or 
given himself a fair chance, drawing in this casual 
style. We accord him this place because his 
scheme is more simply handled and better pro- 
portioned, though the groined or arched space on 
each side of the chapel is somewhat expensive. 
The bell turret looks like a tower in front, and as 
such would be pleasing. .\s seen in the section 
the effect is doubtful. The A B section is not 
taken where the AB occurs in the plan. The 
circular windows to the side of the chapel are 
ugly, and the lighting throughout is insufficient. 
The chapel front gable is a poor performance. 

"Rookey" crowds up his sheet and fusses up 
his design. The chapel in his scheme is exces- 
sively indifferent and very much overdone. We 
do not like it at all. The plans of the houses have 
too much corridor space, and resemble villas in 
idea. As such the front elevations are commend- 
able. "Centre" is much more simple and in 
keeping with the end in view, so far as the eleva- 
tions are concerned. His plan is not so good, and 
the chapel is neither tasteful nor well worked 
out. The western porch is an ugly excrescence. 
We have an idea that "Centre" has had some 
almshouses, which we illustrated, by Sir Aston 
Webb in his mind. His judgment so far was 
good, for it is better to take a capable model than 
an indifferent example. Where "Centre'" fails 
is in his incapacity to grasp the spirit as well as 
the letter of a design. More study will, perhaps, 
enable him to accomplish this. "Kibble" is a 
long way below the last-named competitor, and 
yet he seems to merit the next place because of 
the quiet effect assumed for the exterior ; but 
when we examine his plan we find nothing to 
commend. The chapel is seated wrongly through- 
out. " Duchray " is most painstaking and neat. 
It would be easy to find fault with his design. 
We praise him for his evident desire to'carry out 
our instructions. The return stalls are provided, 
but by placing them as diawn, the choir on stand- 
ing lip would interfere with the priest's view 
eastward, and the projecting organ fronts push 
the choir s ats too much intu the body of the 
chancel. The canted entrances to the houses are 
not an advantage. "Feather" shows a quad- 
rangle. His style is thin Late Tudor, fitted on to 
a bald sort of plan. " Roundhead " also shows a 
(|uadrangle and a similar style. The angle-stair 
turrets look rather well. The " organ space, " 
is a long, narrow dark passage wherein to 
bury the instrument. " Gaunt" is the first com- 
petitor who has understood our intention as to 
the chaplain and master's stalls, and yet at 
almost anv old foundation charity institution in 
community these stalls are to be seen. The aisles 
to the nave of the chapel are out of place. His 
elevations are indifferent, but neat and well 
drawn. "C';isar" follows the Pugin tyje of 
modern Goth'c, and seems to understand the ideas 
which should govern chapel contrivance. The 
organ place, too, is managed well, but the wh^Ie 
proposal is too ambitious and cloister-like for thj 
particular purpose we contemplated. " Quatre 



Feb. 1, 1907. 

Voia " has a reiy uglj roof over his ohapel, and 
he sends a poorly-arranged sheet, with a hlock 
plan of the whole. His cottages are the best part 
of his proposal. The other schemes come in the 
following order of merit. 'Mj." with a design 
more fitted for the tropics, with domes at the 
side; "Richmond," neat and niggling; "Nigel," 
"Bon," "Home," "Molar," "De Welders," 
and " Tyro. " ' 

The following is a opy of the conditions : — 
" Four Almshouses with a Chapel in the centre, 
the group to form the middle block of a quad- 
rangular scheme fronting east for 20 houses — 10 
for men and 10 for women. The chapel to be 
arranged choirways, with a stall for each of the 
48 inmates all told. In addition there are to be 
10 seats, five a side, for a choir and visitors, 
divided off from the chapel by a screen, which is 
to be placed between the inmates' stalls and this 
chancel. No pulpit or font is needed, but two 
return stalls inside the screen are to be provided 
for the clergy (the chaplain and the master). At 
the west end a narthex seated for 20 people is 
required to accommodate the public on chairs 
placed facing east. Provide an open screen, with 
dwarf doors to divide the chapel proper from this 
narthe.x, which is to be entered from the east 
end by lateral passage-waj's 4ft. wide coming 
between the next house and the chapel. The 
latter is to project in front of the alms- 
houses 10ft., and to be 'iOft. wide inside in 
the clear from end to end. Its length is left to 
the competitors. A feature is to be made of a bell 
turret above the chapel ridge of roof, fi.'ied in a 
line with the chancel screen. Provide spaces for 
a small organ, clerestory high, on both sides of 
the chapel. Outside the building a recognition 
should appear showing a simple treatment result- 
ing from the employment of these recesses inside 
for housing the organ, which will be played from 
the chancel with electrii- action. No vestry is 
needed in the chapel. The altar-pace to have 
three steps, one being for communicants who will 
need a rail to kneel against. The houses are to 
provide for t"'0 inmates each, one on the ground 
and one on the first tl'iors, the ai/commodation to 
consist of a living-room, kitchen, parlour r2ft. 
square, or of that area, and a bedroom about 9ft. 
wide, with bed recessed. A small pantry, with 
sink, and place for gas-stove or heater, and a small 
larder cupboard well lit and ventilated. Water 
closets outside, one to each house, easily reached 
without exposure, also a small coal place for each 
inmate, liooms Sft. (iin. high in clear. Two 
elevations. Section and plans. Sketch of front 
desirable. Scale Sft. to inch. Plan maybe half- 
houses upstairs and half down. Only plan of this 
centre block of foui- houses and chapel required. 
Material, .stone and slate. Style, Late 'i'udor. 
Prawings duo Jan. 5, 1907." 



WE have been asked to notice this periodical, 
of which the fourth part has been sent 
us, but without date or serial number. The 
following weird quotation beneath the title of 
the print may have a cryptic meaning: "It 
is not what you anticipated, it is cheaper, 
easier, nearer." To the ordinary man in 
the street or outsido/^'the craftsman's union " 
these words convey ijiii little. The publication, 
however, we may say' at once, has no connection 
with "The Liw " or "t'ontracts," and if soma of 
the pages are irresistibly funny, their humour 
appears to be quite unintentional, so that a comic 
journal is not intended. The editor, in inaugura- 
ting " The New Kra " in this issue, seems out of 
sorts with things in general, though comforted by 
his concluding assurance, "The world waits for 
U9." llis preceding interrogations are less opti- 
mistic, however, as he repiningly inquires: 
" When shall we cease hiving faith in false 
remedies, by associated cajolements endeav- 
our to lure public approval and purchase ': 
Why continue our academies, institutes, 
societies, our degrees, iis so muc'n proof 
of virtue or of value; Why affect a spurious 
reliance upon dealers and middlemen ': These one 
and all have failed to relate us except as an after- 
dinner amusement, a meie relaxation from life ! 
The stonemiison and the sign-painter have work 
in plenty, and we none ; the factories are em- 
ploying thuir thousands, yet we have no channel 
tor our talents." We'l, the building trade is 
having a fairly bad time of it just now, and 
hundreds of facto.^ies are worse off even than half- 

time rations, some even closed down. The un- 
employed which "The Bond " speaks for are in 
a more hopeless plight still, .according to this 
account, and if we are to judge by the designs 
and drawings given as inset plates, we cannot in 
all charity express any extreme surprise. It seems 
impossible to believe that " the world is waiting " 
for such things. It's all moonshine. On the 
other hand, when we come down to the region of 
common-sense, having dropped this bunkum, there 
is a plain English announcement here printed of an 
intention to start a Craftsman's Trade I'nion, and 
we are glad to give tlie movement this advertise- 
ment. The meeting is called for Feb. 27 at 
4.30 p.m. in Clifford's Inn Hall, and tickets can 
be had at No. 1.5, Ilolborn, E.C. Jlen and 
women are invited. The objects are to resist 
commercialism, and to establish prices and pay- 
ments in natural reckoning, to hold exhibitions 
and restore local markets, encourage country 
colonies of workers and companionships, to 
advocate close contact between master and pupil, 
to limit the use of machinery and unskilled 
labour, to further work on terms other than 
capitalistic and profit making, also to encourage 
(among other good things too numerous to 
particularise) a free interchange of hospitality 
between members of this Union. This brief 
abstract of its programme, declaring " the 
common heritage of art as against exotic and 
exclusive claims," suffices to show what a life 
of activity and enterprise lies before this new 
Union. Its aims have our warm sympathy. No 
names appear, nevertheless, as to who are the 
leaders cf this new labour movement, or who is 
exploiting the affair. "The Cult of Poverty," 
"The Philosophy of a Foundling," " A Happy 
Beggar," and "Some Criticisms of Sir Joshua 
Keynolds " furnish the titles for the leading con- 
tributions of this priceless " official organ," 
which, it would appear, varies in value. The 
first three parts were charged 2d. each. The 
current number is 6d. It makes an odd pro- 
duction. In reviewing an art contemporary the 
indictment made .against that magazine is that 
it is issued "as a firebrand" once a month 
with unerring precision upon an exact day 
and hour, with "the essence of Chinese mono- 
tony," and it " is a melancholy success." 
We cannot say that "The Bond" looks like a 
success of any kmd, "catering for appetites 
with no nourishing determination" : " As in 
the arts, an epicurean dehcacy obtrudes like 
ribald c(jmment ; casual tongues swoln with 
taste in words, bobbed a life moving apart on 
business." After this Mr. Mountford's New Old 
Bailey and Sir William Richmond's decorations 
get a slating, .and the (Uadstone Memorial in the 
Strand, by Mr. Ilamo Thornycroft, is playfully 
described as "unworthy of a retired City mer- 
chant " ; "a perfect and complete solecism, a 
highly-paid piece of journey work untouched by 
any divine fire." With all their faults wo prefer 
these b.arb.aric " works of art " to the indescribable 
rubbish appearing in " The Bond." Mr. Fifield, 
44, Fleet-street, is the publisher. 


A Dktaciieii Residence Measi-uei) and Billed. 

By the Author of " Estimating," &c.' 


ILL the timbers in the carcase work are to be 
x\_ out of well-seasoned sound yellow Uetie 
deals and battens, free from large or loose knots, 
sap, or shakes, and to the ai>proval of the architect. 

The phites to be 4in. by IJin., and not less than 
4iin. longer each way than the openings they face. 

The plates to roof to be dovetailed at angles, 
and to have diagonal ties. 

The ground joists to be 6in. by 2^in., laid I4in. 
centre to centre. 

The first-rtoor joists to be llin. by 2in over 
the smaller rooms, fixed to 14in. centres, and llin. 
by 2Un. over the larger ones. Joists are to be 
fixed next to walls to take fiooring. 

All the trimmers are to be not less than iin. 
tllii-ker than the joists. 

To the large rooms put two rows ot herring- 
bone strutting, and to the smaller rooms put one 
row. This strutting to be of yellow fir 2in. by 1 jin. 
in se.^tion. and strongly spilced to the joists. 

The ceiling joists to be 5in. by .2in., and an 
additional joist must be put against the walls to 
take ends ot lathing. 

• All ri-.rlit8 reserved by the author. — b'tir drawings see 
No. '2714. Jan. lU 19J7, p. oD. Larger ones will fjUow. 
Specification comal-?n: d on p. ,58 of No. '2714. 

Put a 6in. by 4in. binder to these ceiling joists 
(resting 4Mn. on the wall each end). 

The rafters to be Sin. by 2in. fixed 14in. centie 
to centre. 

The ridge to be 9in. by 2in. 
The hips and valleys to be Oin. by 2jin. 
The collars to be .iin. by 2in., framed to the 
rafters at both ends. 

The collars and purlins are to be strutted 
wherever possible with 4in. by 4in. struts. 

The whole of the roofs are to be covered with 
Iin. rough boarding, matched and laid diagonally, 
and of equal thickness or traversed. 
The tile battens to be 2in. by fin. 
Put fir tilting fillets wherever required. 
The valleys to have Iin. hoarding running (iin. 
up under the tiles on both sides. 

Cover the small fiat in centre of the roof with 
Iin. rough boarding, firred to falls and traversed 
for lead. 

Put 2in. rounded roll where shown. 
Put IJin. riser to form gutter and tonguedto 
the rough boarding. 

Lay Iin. eaves-board at the eaves surrounding 
this tlat. 

Form gutter next flat with Iin. rough boarding 
on stout fir bearers. 

Where the roof pitches on this gutter, continue 
the boarding (iin. up under the tiles. 

Form short giitters behind chimney-stacks with 
Iin. rough boarding on strong fir bearers. 

Put fin. flashing boards wherever necessary, 
"in. wide. 

Put Iin. wrot. fasdas beaded on the bottom edge 
at the foot of rafters to take the cast-iron gutters 
where shown. 

Put llin. by llin. wrot. and moulded barge- 
boards {o back and front gables, with cut and 
wrot. ends as shown. 

The birgeboards are to be framed together and 
pinned at apex and fixed to the ridge, and short 
lengths of 4in. by 4in. built into the gable w.alls. 

The framing shown in gables will not be in 
W(.iod, but cement. 

The fir framed woodwork to bays and oriel 
will be described in the .Joiner. 

To all doors and window openings put Ain. by 
4|in. by 9in. wood slips built into the joints ot 
tlie brickwork to secure the joiner's work to, for 
on each side of door openings and three on each 
side to windows. 

I'ut fir lintels over all openings except those 
described for rolled-steel joists Sin. thick for Sft. 
openings and under, and increasing Iin. in depth 
tor every additional foot in width of opening, 
measuring from the inner reveals, and 4jin. 
longer each end than the said openings. 

-VU the 4jin. partitions other than those 
already descriked as half-brick to be fir parti- 
tions, with heads, sills, and posts 4in. by 3in., 
braces 4in. by oin., quarters 4in. by 2in. 

The quarters are to be framed into the heads 
and sills. 

Where the quarter partitions run parallel with 
the joists, put 4in. by 2in. bridging framed both 
ends to the joist. 

Put centres to trimmer hearths, and fix feather- 
edged springing pieces. ^ 
'ihese centres are to be left in for lathing to. 
Provide fir turning pieces to all outside arches, 
and proper centres where required for doorway j 
openings, i^c. ■ | 
Provide and fix all screeds, rules, i;c., required j 
liy the plasterer. j 
The small roof over larder to have 4in. by 2in. ■ 
rafters and 7in. by 2in. hips, the plates to be the i 
same as before, 4in. by Sin. i 
Put !) by 1 wrot. fascia board round the out- | 
side, beaded on bottom edge, to take the gutter. I 
Cover the roofs of bay and oriel windows with ' 
Iin. rough boarding traversed for lead laid to 
slight falls, and projecting over the fronts as 
covers to the wood cornices. 

Carry this boarding on 4 by 2 bearers, framed 
to 4in. by Sin. trimmer, and fir plates bolted to 
rolled steel joists. 

Tlie cover to porch to be formed in the same 
manner, framed to 4in. by Sin. fir plates built into ; 
the wall. 

This cover is to be shaped on the outer edge, as ' 
shown on first-floor plan, and moulded cornice : 
fixed on this circular edge on wrot. and beaded 

The soffit of this cover is to have :fin. V-jointed 
matched battens running flush with bottom edge 
of fascia. 

Provide £1 lOs. for wrot. iron suspending 
bracket, and fixing with bolts to the joists in the, 
cover, and bolted to strap of 2in. by Jin.-iron, 

Feb. 1, 1907. 



havinar ends built into the wall, and caulked up 
and down. 

Fix in roof in approved position three 9in. by 
;{in. fir bearers for cisterns, and lay a footway 3ft. 
wide, of lin. tiiioring from trapdoor to cistern. 

Case in cistern with :[in. inatchboardinir on fir 
bearers, half of the top part to be hung on hinges 
and lodged. 

The hinges to be 16in. cross-garnets. 

Put U-in. japanned knob to open it by and good 
padlock "hasp and staple to fasten it with. 

Cut all holes necessary for all pipes to pass 
through this casing. 


All the timber used for joiner's work is to be 
yellow Onega approved, free from sap, shakes, or 
large or bad knots, and properly seasoned. 

All joiner's work must be framed together at 
the commencement of the building, but not glued 
up, and the panels fitted in. 


Lay the iloors shown on groimd-Hoor plan with 
l^in. matched flooring of narrow widths .as 

This applies to all rooms except the coal-cellar 
and scuUerv. 

Put to all he.arths 2in. by 1 Jin. mitred borders 
tongued to the floor. 

The flooring in doorway is to be carried on 
rough bearers. 

The skirtings to dining-room, drawing-room, 
library, and hall .are to be llin. by 1 jin. moulded, 
with all proper backings and grounds bevelled, as 
key for plastering ; those to lavatory and w.c. to 
be 'J by 1 moulded ; and to the larder, kitchen, 
scullery, and w.c. "in. by lin. torus moulded. 

The first floor is to have lin. yellow matched 
flooring in narrow widths, as imported, to all 
rooms, including bath, w.c, cupboards and 

Put 'J by 1 moulded skirting to the five bed- 
rooms, bathroom, landing, passage, and w.c. 


The sashes to front small hay window and 
window over front entrance to be l, moulded 
sashes, double-hung in deal cased frames with oak 
sunk sills, pulley stiles to be of IJin.. and the 
linings fin., with all proper beads and parting 
slips and cast-in m weights, best hemp sashcords 
and brass axle pulleys (Kenrick's patent with ball 
bearings) and brass approved sash fastenings, p.c. 
Is. each. 

Hang the top sashes of these four frames with 
lead weights if required by the lead lights. 

The small openmg at the side of front entrance 
is to have 4 by :i rebated and moulded frame with 
oak sill, and 1 jin. moulded sash hung on brass 
centres, and with Adam's patent opener, cut 
beads, ic. 

The framing of the big bay window is to be of 
G by 4 mullions and wall posts, rebated and 
moulded as shown with oak sunk sills and 6 by 4 

Put Tin. by lin. wrot. fiiscia to carry gutter to 
this bay window. 

Fill in between the unper and lower framework 
with o by :i rough fir posts framed to the head of 
the lower window and the sills of the upper. 

The joists of flat over are to be carried on a fir 
plate .) by :!, halved and screwed at mitres and 
pinned in at both ends in cement, this plate to be 
supported by short posts from the head of frame 
under and strongly frameil. 

Fit up these frames with IJ-in. moulded case- 
ments, hung four on each floor, with Sin. wrot 
butts and brass casement fiisteners, p.c. 3s. 6d. 

Put patent ap|)roved water-bars to each of these. 

Put moulded weather-hoard at the bottom of 
each of the casements that open. 

The top lights of lower windows are to be If in. 
moulded, twojof them to be hung with Sin. wrot. 
butts and Adams patent fanlight opener to each 

The framing under first-floor window is to be 
Uiu., wrot. one side, .and bolection-moulded out- 

These pieces of framing are to be cross-tongued 
at mitres, and the joints m.ado with marine glue. 

Put moulded cornices as shown with fascia 
[under, and with dentils. Details of these cornices 
will be supplied. 

The oriel window over library to be framed 
with 4in. by 3in. rough fir heads,"sills, and posts, 
with 4in. by 2in. quarters to carry lathing on 

The angle-posts to be shaped to the form shown 
on plan. 

The framing shown under window will be 
worked in cement and carved by hand. 

The under part or sotlit of this oriel window is 
to be lathed and plastered. 

The framing of the oriel window is to be oin. 
by 2oin., moulded and rebated posts, head, 
transom, and mullions. 

The sill to be :Uin. oak, sunk and weathered. 

The sashes are to be 2in. mnulded, and fixed as 
shown, except the centre part, which is to be hung 
with 4in. wrot. butts, brass casement fastening, 
p.c. 3s. 6d. as before, and patent water-bar. 

Put rough head over this frame to carry the 
bearers of flat over, pinned into walls as to other 
windows, and with straps as before. 

The four windows on the right-hand flank are 
to be, as shown, of IJin. moulded sashes and 
frames, double hung in deal-cased frames, with 
oak-sunk sills, pulley-stiles to bo of 1 [in., the 
linings ,-in. with all proper beads and parting- 
slips, and cast-iron weights. Best hemp sash- 
cords and brass a.xle pulleys (Kenrick's patent 
with ball bearings), and brass approved saah 
fastenings, p.c. Is. each. 

The window on first floor landing on staircase 
to be of If in. moulded casements in .5in. by 3in. 
solid frame rebated and moulded ontheouteredge. 
Both these casements are to be hung with 3in. 
wrot. butts, brass casement fastenings at p.c, 
3s. (id., and patent water bars, the joints to be 
hook rebated. 

One casement to be fastened by two Cin. brass- 
knobbed flush bolts. Put moulded window nosing 
as before, and 4in. moulded urchiti-ave. 

The light to coal-cellar is to bo a 2in. framed 
and moulded casement in .'nn. by 3in. wrot. 
rebated and moulded frame, with oak-sun1» sill. 

Put weather moulding to the bottom of case- 
ment outside and approved water bar. 

The light to be hung by 3in. butts, to swing 
inwards, and put biass eye, cord, wheels, and 
cleats to fasten and raise it with. 

while remaining firm on each side wiicro rust had 
been entirely absent ; and, where the adhesive 
bond was destroyed in the middle portion of the 
beam, this destruction habitually terminated in a 
discoloured section, apparently indii'ating the 
encountering of an increased adhesive resistance at 
the cleaner pontions of the steel. 

Another fact that has escaped deserved 
attention is the probability that a material excess 
of water used in mixing the concrete apparently 
lessens its adhesive power. It is realised that a 
moderately wet mixture is desirable, in order to 
prevent voids in the concrete as ordinarily placed, 
and especially to secure suflicient plasticity to 
insure a complete filling of the space around and 
below the network of reinforcing steel ; but there 
seems to be a real danger that the reaction against 
dry concrete is being carried too far. An ex- 
cessively wet concrete not only contains numerous 
globules of water which, when absorbed, leaves 
the concrete porous, but these, also, especially 
weaken the adhesion of the concrete to the steel, 
because there is a tendency for such water- 
globules to seek the surface of the reinforcement, 
particularly on the under side. The weakening 
of the bond from this cause was evident in certain 
beams in which the adhesion was noticeably weak, 
the water cavities being apparent at the bottom and 
sides of the steel bars. 


THE means generally employed to prevent 
pipes from freezin'.;' consist in the use of 
coatings which protect against cold and non-con- 
ductors of heat, such as straw, cork, and oakum. 
There are, however, more effective agents, also 
practicable for use in thawing frozen pipes. The 
pipes are first covered with a thin layer of straw, 
sawdust, or tanbark. Pieces of unslaked lime as 
large as the fist are then packed around them 
and enveloped in another layer of some non-con- 
ducting material — straw, oakum, or cork — and the 
whole is held firmly together by means of a 
wrapping of coarse linen. The first layer is for 
the purpose of protecting the pipes from the 
action of the fresh lime, which would cause the 
metal to rust. The lime draws moisture from the 
air and the materials surrounding it, and is made 
warm by means of the chemical reaction. The 
outer covering allows only a small amount of 
atmospheric air to pass through, so that the lime 
remains unslaked to keep up the temperature 
during an entire winter. 

This method, with slight variations, can be 
applied to the tliawing out of frozen pipes. For 
this purpose somewhat more lime is to be packed 
around the pipes and water poured over it. The 
heat generated will melt the ice in the pipes. The 
ground in winter can also be thawed out in this 
way when it is desired to lift paving stones with- 
out breaking '-ir/ Tcrhnofvgie SaniUtirc. 


WRITING on this subject in the T'l-ni-'V'Xijn 
of the American Society of Civil Engineers, 
llr. ,T. S. Van Ornum offers soma warnings to the 
users of concrete. He says : 

The adhesive strength of concrete to steel, low 
in value at be^t, is undoubtedly severely tried by 
repeated application and relief of load, and the 
consequent successive production and relief of the 
various internal stresses which tax so severely this 
essential and vital factor of reinforced-concrete 
design and construction. Passing without 
comment the acknowledged fact that scale or thick 
rust will seriously impair the adhesion, it may be 
said that numerous critical examinations plainly 
indicaced that any rust on the metal (while 
completely absorbed by the concrete, and so 
effectively preventing further corrosion) did 
materially lessen the normal adha^ive power of 
the CDncrete. The bond was often found lacking 
opposite the rust discalourations on the concrete, 


Mr. Maurice B. Adams, F.R.I.B..\., will read a 
paper on Wednesday, the 2llth lust., at Newcastle - 
on-Tyne before the Northern Architectural Associa- 
tion on ** Architectural Journalism," and he has 
arranged to show a collection of periodicals con- 
nected with the subject from Europe, America, and 
the colonies, and also an example from Japan. 

A society, with the title of " Friends of Art," has 
been established at Manchester, the object being 
to foster movements for developing a love of all 
that can make city life more beautiful. In the 
speeches at the inaugural meeting many suggestions 
for the improvement of social conditions iri Man- 
chester were made. It was urged that the art 
treasures of the city should be carried to the very 
doors of the people, that something should be done 
to clean the streets and houses and the atmosphere 
of Manchester, and that direct educational work 
should be undertaken, to help citizens more readily 
to appreciate beauty in pictures and statuary and 
architecture and craftsmanship. 

At the All Saints' Mission Church. Highertowu, 
Truro, on Monday, the Bishop of St. Germans dedi- 
cated a staiiied-glass window which had been erected 
to the memory of Mr. James Henderson, of Dal- 
venie, who died in 11)03 during his mayoralty. 

Under the auspices of the National Housing 
Reform Countil, the proprietors of the Garden' City 
at Letch worth are organising a second exhibition, 
which wdl be opened from June 1 to Sept. 30. The 
scheme is designed to include urban cottages and 
homesteads for small holdings, t ' nder the section 
" Urban Cottages " three classes of property will be 
represented, to cost respectively not more than C175, 
£200, and £240, while a fourth type is not limited 
as to the initial outlay. I'nder section ii. designs 
are invited for a cottage with simple outbuildings, 
costing not more than €2011, for a five-acre holding ; 
a cottage with a barn, stable, cart-shed, and pigsty, 
suitable for twenty-five acres ; and a small holder's 
house with dairy and outhouse, not exceeding £300. 

At the last meeting of the sewage committee of 
the Bradford Corporation, a resolution was passed 
to send the full F^holt sewage scheme back to the 
council for further consideration, without any 

Mr. Edgar Dudley has conducted an inquiry 
relative to an application from the Beadrntc 
Corporation for fl2,.iiH for the purpose of 
acquiring the buddings and premises of the 
University College, Reading, in order to extend 
the town-hall and municipal buildings, and erect 
a poUce-court and police-station on the site. 

Mr. Murdoch MacJouald, t'.E., resident engineer 
at Assouan reservoir on the Nile, has beeu appointed 
by the Egyptian (ioverument Director-tieneral of 
the Nile Reservoirs, with special control over the 
Assouan Reservoir and a new barrage to ht erected 
about 90 miles north of .-Vssouan. Mr. Macdonald 
received his early training in Inverness, of which he 
is a native. 

A special meeting of the Liverpool City Council 
w.os held on Friday for the consideration of the com - 
mittees' estimates, which, in the aggregate, on both 
capital and revenue accounts, showed a decrease as 
comp.ired with those of last year. The sum of 
£10,000 asked for by the health committee towards 
the initial cost of a sewage outfall s 'heme at the 
North-end, to cost altogether some €100,000, was 




Feb. 1, 1907. 


Tme death is announced of Mr. CitABLEs 
Fowler, of Jlexborough-street, Chapeltonrn-road, 
Leeds, one of the oldest architects and civil 
engineers in the country. He had been in failing 
health for some time, and the cause of death was 
cancer. Many years ago Mr. Fowler was a member 
'if the Leeds Board of Guardians. 


The Ha^lingden (luardiaua have decided to build 
a new workhouse infirmary to cost €27,000. 

An additional dynamo, having an output of 
400kw., is to be laid down at the generating station 
at Great Yarmouth, to meet the extra demands for 
power by the tramways. The cost of this unit, with 
accessories, is estimated at €3,000. The electricity 
mains and the street lighting are also to be extended 
at an approximate cost of £4,000. 

A Hull lady has iust bought for presentation to 
the Hull Municipal Art Gallery a large picture 
which has alreaay been exhibited in the gallery, 
entitled "A Summer Eve," by T. Sidney Cooper, 

The Chief of the Italian Government Railways 
has appro fed of the electrification of the foUowiug 
State railways, and tenders for plant will probably 
be invited during this month. The lines are as 
follows: — 1, Pontedecimo, Busalla ; 2, Savona, San 
ijiuseppe, Ceva ; .3, Gallarate, Arona : 4, Gallarale, 
Laveno, Luino ; .'), Milan, Lecco ; (i, Bardonecchia, 
Modane. An accumulator station at Morbegno to 
utilise the power derived from the watera of the 
Adda River will permit it to a.pply electric traction 
also to the hue I'sma'o - Bergimo - San Pietro 

Mr. F. H. TuUoch, Local Goveniment Board 
inspector, has held an inquiry at Rugby respecting 
the apphcation of the urban district council for 
powers to borrow 111,300 for the construction of 
works for sewage dispo-al in the neighbom'ing 
parish of Bilton and Newbold-on-Avon. 

The Hamilton Town Council have sanctioned the 
proposal to ask the Secretary for Scotland for ad- 
ditional borrowing powers to the extent of fl'.'.OOO 
in connection with the electric lighting scheme for 
the burgh. The present borrowing powers have 
been exhausted, and the amount now asked for will 
leave about £o,.j00 for ordinary extensions after 
meeting the cost of those works already sanctioned 
and sums paid in excess of the previous borrowing 

An anonymous offer has been made to the com- 
mittee of the Ty nemouth Victoria Jubilee Infirmary, 
Xorth Shields, to defray the cost, estimated at 
i.1,200, of the erection of a new wing. 

Under the Light Railways Act, 1896, the Board 
. of Trade have recently confirmed an order author- 
, ising the construction of light railways in the 
borough of Maidstone and in the rural district of 
Maidstone and on the boundary of the rural district 
of Hollingbourne. The extensions to include the 
proposed sections from Stone Street to Loose Village, 
and also that from the Victoria Hotel, in Week - 
street, on to Peaenden Heath and Boxley. The 
Loose section can be proceeded with at once in con- 
tinuation of the existing tramway in High-street. 

The sea embankment at Cley, Norfolk, is under- 
going extensive repairs. The contractors are Messrs. 
Hoborough and Son. 

Mr. E. F. Melby, managing director of the Griff 
Collieries, Nuneaton, has presented to the urban 
district council of that town the title-deeds of the 
Pingle Fields to be used as a public park for ever. 
These four large fields are in the heart of a thickly- 
populated district, and the land is of great value. 
Mr. Melby has further given £500 towards the 
l.iying out of the park. 

The Local Government Board have approved of a 
scheme of main sewerage and sewage disposal for 
Bishop Middlehara, a^ submitted by the SeJgefield 
Rural District Council. The work consists in the 
laying of main sewers, including the conveyance of 
the waste water from the brewery, and "disposal 
works for the treatment of the sewage in bacterial 
tanks, followed by continuous filters without any 
tinal treatment over land, so that the site acquired 
lor the works is only some half-acre in extent. 

-Although the sanitary clauses in the Hull 
Corporation Bill exclude the provision of an abat- 
toir, the abattoirs committee do not intend to let 
the matter rest. At a meeting of the committee, 
held on Friday, a model of the proposed abattoir 
was submitted, and the city engineer was instructed 
to proceed with the preparation of plans and 
estimates. A modified scheme will be submitted, 
the cost not to be more than fj 5,003. 

An adjudication in bankruptcr has b3en made in 
the case of William .Siuaders, Green-street, I'ptou 
Park, E., describsd as au " architect out of employ- 


BAUi;ciw-iN-l'"ri!NK-> M\sTi;;; lii n.i>Eiis' Assn- 
ci.vTioN. — The annual dinner of this association 
was held on Thursday, .Tan. 24. at the Victoria 
Hotel, Barrow, the president, Mr. John Cox, in 
the chair. The menu, or plan, was drawn up as 
a ''Specification — quantities unlimited," and the 
several items appeared under such suggestive titles 
as "The Foundation," " Damp Course," " Wall- 
ing," " (Quoins," •• Joists " braced up by " Beims 
andCiirders," "Purlins," "Partitions." "Rafters 
and .Slates," " Ventilatore" and " Finishing 
Touches." The loyal toasts having been given 
by the President, Mr. G. H. Young proposed 
" The Kavy, .\rmy, aod Auxiliary Forces," which 
was resjionded to by Captain Thompson. Mr. 
.Aide -man Cox proposed " The Borough Surveyor 
and the Authorities of Barrow," which was 
acknowledged by Jlr. Walker Smith and Messrs. 
Butler, Young, and Fowler. The toast of the 
evening, "The Barrow Master Builders' Associa- 
tion," was given by Mr. Alderman Barrow, and 
was replied to by the president. "The Town 
and Commerce of Barrow " was proposed by Sir. 
J. Cleator, and a response was made by Mr. 
Councillor Heath, ex-mayor. The concluding 
toast, "Our Guests," was entrusted to Mr. Alder- 
man William Gradw^l, and Messrs. Bell and 
Thomson replied. Songs were rendered during 
the evening by Messrs. Green, Jlclvor, and D. 

BuAiii'oiiii. — The annual dinner of the Bradford 
Society of Architects and Surveyors was held at 
the tireat Northern Victoria Hotel, liradford, on 
Friday last. After the usual loyal toasts, "The 
City and Trade of Bradford" was proposed by 
Mr. Charles Gott, and responded to by Alderman 
David Wade, who referred to the ever-increasing 
rates and the heavy burden on property owners. 
The president (Mr. Charles E. Milnes), in his re- 
marks, alluded to the growing competition 
amongst architects — largely owing to the training 
obtainable by youths in technical colleges — and 
strongly advocated that architects should use 
more discretion and limit the number of pupils 
in their otKces as one means of cheeking the over- 
crowding. He further complained of the in- 
trusion of county and municipal architects, and 
last, but not least, of the growth of architectural 
departments attached to large industrial concerns. 
Allusion was also made to the inroads of the 
speculative builder, who to-day, he said, was not 
merely content with erecting terrace houses, but 
must needs introduce his hideous conceptions into 
the best residential suburban districts. He 
pointed out that all this was seriously interfering 
with the work of Independent practitioners, and 
had a detrimental effect in putting out of employ- 
ment many skilful professional workers. He 
trusted that the Architects" Uegistration liiU 
would soon be placed on the Statute-book, as 
likely not cinly to be of the greatest advantage to 
the profession, but to the general public. The 
proceedings closed with the toast of "The Secre- 
tary," res]>onded to by Mr. A. G. Adkin. 

Leeds am> Youkshire .\iichiteiti'uai. Society. 
— At the rooms otthe above society on Thursday, 
the ilth ult., Mr. E. Nichols i-ead a paper on 
"Gothic Sculpture as .Vpplied by the I^ate \\'m. 
Burges, II. -A.," Mr. IL S. Chorley, president, in 
the chair. The lecturer said: — "I have great 
pleasure In coming to Leeds to talk about Wm. 
Burges. because were I to give this lecture to a 
London audience, they might ask. What had he 
done that we can see r 1 should tell them to go to 
Cork or Cardiff, whereas, here in Leeds, Studley 
Royal Chipel and Skelton Church are within 
easy i-each. The memorial chapel at Studley 
Royal suffers, I think, from b.'Ing too near to 
Fountains Abbey : what is left of the abbey is so 
grand and reposeful, while .Studley Royal Chapel 
seems too small for the amount of over-decorated 
detail. Skelton Church stands alone : there 
nothing is forgotten, even to the holy well in the 
churchyard. Burges loved these things : detail, 
animtvls, and colour, he said, in a paper on the 
mural jiaintings of Charlgroove Church, Oxford : 
' The interior of every old building invariably 
glowed with richest gold and colour, and every 
village church was a Srinte Chapelle or a .St. 
Stephen's, Westminster, according to the general 
run of antiquaries." Thus he wrote to theSo,^iety 
of Antiquaries In l.S'il. I have never been able 
to make up my mind on the subject of painted 
sculpture. The South Kensington authorities 
have recently added some carved and painted 
Gothic spandrels, which are splendid and most 

effective ; but time, I feel, much to do with It. 
My slides are mostly animals. Jlr. Burges gave 
to the British Sluseum an Ivory dagger handle in 
the form of a lion's head, and which is now In the 
-Vssyrlan Gallery. 1 have a cast of it with me. 
This small lion's head and the Assyrian winged 
bulls appear to have inspired him in his trea'ment 
of animals. He never perpetrated a Gothic lion,; 
ho did many lions, but always of an Assyrian 
character. For instance, the four Evangelistic 
emblems on a ground of gold mosaic, surround- 
ing the great rose window of Cork Cathedral 
are distinctly Assj-rlan or rather Babylonic. 
Cork Cathedral was his mtf/niim "y'S and it W813 
barely completed when he died 25 years ago. 
The central doorway, with a figure of the Bride- 
groom between the five wise virgins and the five 
foolish virgins, is a most oiiginal and daring 
treatment. Of all the Gothic Revivalists, Burges 
was the only man who got humour into his 
sculpture, and surely there was a strong sense of 
humour In Gothic. I do not mean the comic or 
merely grotesque. Take, for Instance, the large 
gargoyles on Cork Cathedral: ' Chastity Sub- 
duing Lust,' • Faith Piercing the Eyes of 
Idolatry,' ' Pride and Humility,' ' Avarice.' 
In Burges's own house he had a grammar 
chimney-piece, where all the parts of speech were 
carved — noun, verb, adverb, and all the rest. All 
the slides I am showing to-night are taken 
from the original models made by my father, 
the late Thomas Nichols, with the exception 
of those made from the drawings, &c. I have 
a few of the architect's original sketches, and 
you can see In the actual working out by the 
sculptors how wonderfully the two men worked 
together in perfect sympathy and accord. My 
original Intention was to exhibit models, but I 
do not think that .all Pickfords' staff could have 
got thcnr here, therefore I must depend upon the 
lantern." A vote of thanks to the lecturer was 

Nor.TUERN PoLVTEcnxic Ixstitute, Hollowav. 
— In his second lecture on "The Evolution of 
Architecture." at the Northern Polytechnic, 
Holloway, on Wednesday last, Mr. Hugh .Stannus. 
F.R.I.B..A., showed how the two divisions of 
Egypt — the upper oi Nile valley, with its stone 
cliffs on the sides, and the lower or Delta, a 
swamp overgrown with reeds — influenced the two; 
methods of building before the consolidation of the 
whole country under the 11th and 12th dynasties., 
produced one" style for both divisions. He then 
demonstrated the origin of the Lotus capital and. 
of the Papyros capital, and the coalescence of, 
these two designs in the ISth dynasty when, afteii 
the expulsion of the Uyksos from Lower Egypt, 
the king was able to call himself " Lord of the 
two lands." The Palm capitals w-ere further- 
shown, and the "Entablature" concluded ar 
interesting lecture which was fully illustrated by 
diagrams, lantern-slides, and sketches on thi, 
blackboard. , 

The Society en- .Viii iiitei rs. — The twenty' 
third annual dinner of the society will be heli 
this year on Thursday, April 18. The chair wil 
be occupied by the president, Mr. Albert E. Prid 
more, C.C., who will be supported by the Righ' 
Hon. the Lord Mayor (.Alderman Sir W. Trcloaii 
and Sheriffs of the City of London and other dis 
tinguished guests. j 

T-Siua;ie Clvb.— Owing to the Illness ti 
several of the performers in "The Mystery c 
Marcus, or Antony and Cleopatra in a new light, 
the ladles' night has been unavoidably postpone' 
until Tuesday, February 12. 

TiMiiEu Trades Bexevolenf Soiietv. — Tl 
third festival dinner in aid of the funds of thJ 
society was held In the Hotel Mctropole i 
Slond'ay night. Mr. W. L. T. Foy (presiden 
occupied the chair. Mr. Norman Shairp propos 
"Our Society," remarking that from a hum! 
beginning they had, by strenuous effort, gro»! 
into an important position, with the prospect : 
arriving at a wealthy one. Although the pf 
vear had not been a' very successful one for t 
timber trade, the donations had amounted 
t:i,i>7o, and the subscriptions to nearly t'l,il( 
and with the income from invested funds of D.i' 
they had a total of nearlv £4,140. Their inve 
ments now amounted to i' 2 1 , 1 ii. The chairnii 
in responding, referred to the foundation of '' 
society in January, 1897, when he was the h 
president. The support received had _ 
pensions to be granted to the. amount of i'l.Sr 
That day donations to the amount of more tj 
£1,000 had been received. Mr. J. W-. ''"E,''' 
the treasurer. In proposing the "District Cj'- 


Feb. ], 1907. 


If 3 

iiiittee?,'* acknowledged €1,530 as the result of 
etforts by provincial committees. It was a little 
disappointinc: that the society had not more 
support from architects. Mr. J. H. Ashton 
(Manchester) and Mr. W. Morgan (Cardiff) re- 
sponded. Failier in the day the annual e;eneral 
meeting of the society was held, at the London 
Chamber of Commerce, (tsford-court. In moving 
the adoption of the report, the chairman said that 
the present number of pensioners was SS. During 
the current year tl,SOO would be given away, 
which was a severe strain upon their resources. 
Theboard subscribed to the Commercial Travellers' 
Schools, and two children had, so far, securel 


annual meeting of this society was held in the 
society's rooms. Park-street, Leeds, on Friday. 
In the absence, through illness, of Sir Thomas 
Brooke, Bart., for forty years president of the 
society, Mr. S. J. Chad wick (vice-president) 
occupied the chair. The annual report recorded 
a considerable increase in the number of sub- 
scriptions, the number of annual subscriptions 
received being ;J91, as compared with ;JU9 in 190o, 
while three life subscriptions had been received, 
as compared with only one in the previous year. 
The financial position of the society had im- 
proved. The report was adopted, and Sir Thomas 
hrooke was re-elected president. The other 
officers were re-elected, and Sir George J. 
Aimytage, Bart., was elected a vice-president. 


A serious fire broke out at New Bamet on 
Wednesday in a timber yard, owned by Mr. William 
Trentice, a son of the chief sutferer in the recent 
disastrous fire in the fame locality, and much 
property was destroyed, St. James's Church being 
saved with ditficulty. 

A committee was appointed in June of last year to 
carry out negotiations with the Ecclesiastical 
Commissioners with a view to the acquisition as a 
pubhc park of some land belonging to them in 
Norwood. The Commissioners now offer to the 
public an opportunity of acquiring a valuable and 
picturesque open space at half ita officially certified 
value with the option of purchase by the London 
County Council of the remaining allotment portion 
till 1010. About 30 acres can thus be obtained free- 
bold for £450 per acre, or for about £13.-^00. The 
site is near a large working-cla^s population, and 
there are two large council schools in the neigh- 

A deputation of the Xorth of England Model- 
cottage Exhibition Committee interviewed the 
members of the Estate and Property Committee of 
tibe N'ewcastle-on-Tyne Corporation on Tuesday. 
The deputation presented three plans in connection 
with the \Gk acres on the Walker Estate, allocated 
by the corporation as a site on which to hold a 
Model-cottage Exhibition. One of the plans bad 
been unanimously adopted by iudges representing 
^e Northern .Architectural Association, the Master 
Builders' Association, and the National Housing 
Council. The committee unanimously agreed to 
confirm the selection of the prize plan for the erec- 
tion of model-cottages in connection with the 
proposed exhibition on the Walker Estate. 

The tramways CDmmittee of Edinburgh Town 
Council met on Tuesday to consider the appointment 
of an engineer to carry out the cabling work of the 
lines in (iilmore-piace and the Broughton district, 
two names were submitted to the committee-Mr. 
V.L ^^^^™' '^^^ superintended the installation 
of the existing cable system, and Mr. E. F. Harris. 
the present engineer of ibe tramway company By 
a majority of (i to 4, the committee recommended 
the council to appoint Mr. Colam. 

At Christ's Hospital. Hertford, the dedication 
has taken place of some gifts which have been 
presented to the chapel of the girls' school. These 
consist, first of the two stained-glass windows at 
the east and west ends, which have been placed 
there at the expense of the treasurer, Sir Walter 
\ aughan Morgan, and of his brother, Mr. Septimus 
\ aughan Morgan, a governor of the hospital, both 
i^em^ ( Ud Blues, and. secondly, of an oak pulpit, 1 
which ,s the gift of Mr. A. R. Stenning, the arch i- I 
tect of the new buildings. The subiect of the east I 
window IS the Lord in Ulory, with ihe four arch- : 
angels in the other lights. The west window, which i 
IS aiso of five lights, depicts Christ blessing little 
children. They have cost between f400 and i'oOO. 

Mr. Justice Parker has authorised the payment to 
the r>eau and Chapter of St. Paul's of the sum of 
1.1,000 by the residuary legatees of the will of the i 
late Mr. H. C. Richards, K.C., M.P.. for the re- I 
buildmg of Paul's Cross. His Lordship made it a 
condition that the I>ean and Chapter should under- ' 
take the rebuddiug accDrding to the terms of the will, i 


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our correspondents. All communications should be 
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claimants upon the space allotted to correspondents.] 

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Rec EivED.— B. B. Co., Ltd.-N. H. C.-S. S. and J.— 
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REFri..R.— The idea is not new. With cheap motive power, 
yes; hirdly without. 

Rector.— See our Directory page elsewhere. 

HrDsoMA.— T. o much of it. We should often be glad to 
illustrate a paragraph wilh a small clever column 
sketch, but our friends send pages, and we have to 
return them simply because space fails ua. 

Metro.— See our Directory page elsewhere. We really 
cannot undertake to hunt up manufacturers of 

T. R. L.— You will get it better and cheaper than that of 
W. F. Stanley and Co.. Ltd., Great Turnstile. Their 
14in. level at £13 is good enough for any man to work 
with. Send for their H. 21 catalogue. 

south and east sides of the site. The hall is to have a 
tloor ;if t . above the street level, and to be of an area of tlOf t - 
by 25ft. with a stage beyond *20ft. deep, shut otf by a 
stone arched proscenium fitted with running doors. Two 
small dressing-rooms and lavatory to be placed at rear 
of tlie stage, which is to be suitable for dramatic per- 
formanoes in which both sexes will take part. The 
stage is to be .')ft. above the hall tloor level. In the 
baf^ement there is to be a club billiard-room for one 
full-sized table, and a workshop for manual exercise. 
A west gallery is to be provided in the Hall to seat .50 
persons, and to have a stone 4ft. staircase opening 
direct into the open air by an emergency door, but 
approached also from the main ticket and entranc- 
lobby. The club reading- and committee-room is to b- 
on the tirst tlonr towards the west end. An emergency- 
exit must be provided into the side street from the hall. 
The hall itself is to be available for Sunday-school 
classes, movable screens bein^used to divide the space 
into eight cubicles. These need notbe shown. Thelishtinir 
of the hall is to be by clerestory windows X. and 8., with 
stone mullions, and to be covered by an open-timbered 
roof. The basement can be lit from the churchyard, 
and to be 9ft. high in the clear. Storage space for 
screens and chairs to be provided. The warming is to 
be by hot air from flues built in walls, the heating- 
chamber to be in the basement. No caretaker's rooni-^ 
needed. The hall is to be so arranged independently that 
it can be let otf occasionally without interfering with 
the boys' club. Style suitable to harmonise with the 
11th-century stone church close by ; but the building is 
not to look like a school or a chapel, and must have a 
picturesque appearance and a good sky-line. Scile. 
8ft. to the inch and a view. Plans may be 16ft. to the 
inch. Materials, brick, stone, rough-cast, and tiles. 
Drawings due Siturday, March 2 next. 

Drawis'os RErBivRD.— " Anthemius," "Orient," '"Irk." 
"Roland," "Claude," "Isidorus," " Qeraint." 
" None." 





E.— A Parish Hall with a small club for boys attached, on 
a level site overlooking a village street, with a frontage 
of KOft. to the north in aside road and 55ft. to the west, 
which laces the main thoroughfare, and the boundary 
whIU« uf the chiirchyard give this frontage line. The 
churchyard, no longer used for burials, extends on the | 


To the Editor oj the Building Nbws, 

Sir, — The time is rapidly approaching when 
members will be again called upon to elect a new 
governing body, a new < 'ouncil, and it behove.'> 
every independent member who is interested in 
the general welfare of the profession to use all his 
intluenre to endeavour to place the Institute upon 
a better basis ; in a more useful and important 
position than it holds at present; and. further, to 
insist that any mandate given by the majority of 
the members to the Council shaJl be duly carried 
into effect. 

The Institute governed as it is now is much in 
the same coadition — the limpet-like condition — 
that it was in 61 years ago. 

In an article published in one of the earliest 
professional papers, the <'hd E/tffineer and Arch >- 
tecCs Jonr//(tl, of November, 1846, the author says, 
referring to the management of the Institute by 
the (then) Council: — 

" Their policy, I say, is bad— utterly bad— but I do not 
say blameable : it is mistaken. They have. I doubt not, 
as sincere and honest a desire for the advancement of the 
art as I could possibly claim ; but their policy is a false 
one, and in manner as well as in matter. The doctrine of 
the Institute is false ; the constitution of the Institute is 
false likewise. And when I point out (according to my 
iudgment) the errors in gen-ral faith, I would point out 
also, as equally iraportixnt, the errors in government of 
our national school of the art. The Royal Institute of 
Briti>h Architects has not a free liberal constitution : it is 
beneath the level of other institutions of the country. 
And this ought not to be. Mistaken doctrine is bad, mis- 
taken policy is perhaps worse. The narrownesses, cold- 
nesses, roughnesses of much of our social system are 
expanding, warming, hoftening in these days. Year by 
year the thoughts ot men are widening. And the broader 
basis, the kindlier liberality, the freer liberty have never 
failed to be productive of good ! 

" The curse of the Institute is the constitution of its 
Council — an irresponsible and despotic seciet government, 
which, in the circumstanc?-", it would be prepo^terou-^ to ex- 
pect to rule otherwise than with narrowness, jeilousy, and 
pique, wanting in ingenuou-^ness, weak in di!«interes':€d- 
ness. There are cases in which a committee of the noblest 
and best could not possibly be otherwise than a clique. The 
Institute is no representative of the architects of Great 
Britain at all. And it is but natural : to become so —as it 
ought to be -it must change. And first its government ; 
its doctrme will come secondly in due course. 1 1^ gross 
exclusiveness generally is a grand error. It is too pro- 
fessional—another grand error." 

Dr. Verd : " Tell us, then, friend, what thou wouldst 
have it to be." 

JXr. Newl : " vV broad-based, free, disinterestel school 
of architecture; open to all who love the art— old and 
young, professional and non-profession li alike ; a free 
thcitre of hberal discourse -a so:;iety of artists and art- 
lovers in architecture, for the ends of architecture purely: 
sly ballot-boxes and secret councils utterly overthrowQ. 
as tyrannical, illiberal, and bad. That is what I would 
have, and what the public of Eoglani, and architects 
especially, are entitled to demand. Let the Institute 
change its character, and repudiate all close-fisted and 
selfish policy- all professionaUsm— and hoiat the banner 
of art, free to alt, and to all etxuilly-" 

How (xtremely well these remarks, published 
61 years ago, apply to the present condition of 
the Institute and the greater "mistake'' of all 
is that the members of the Council seem to 
imagine that the Institute is created for the , 



Feb. 1, 1907. 

tien(>tit of thi- ( 'outicil, and not that the Council 
i-i simply elected for the purposes and welfare of 
the Institute — a merely administrative body, and 
not as now lonstituted — almost a professional 
family party — a select clique. 

With rep;ard to the question of the " crippling 
of art," if Examination and Kegistration are estab- 
lished by law. which feeble theory has always 
been advanced by the opponents, JMr. (afterwards 
.Sir) Horace .Jones, in his presidential address 
when opening the session 18*2-3 said (see report 
in Institute J,wniul, lS82-o, ji. 1) : " I hold, and 
think, that any examination tosting the scientitic 
requirements of the maturer and readier intel- 
lectual qualities of the young architect need not 
militate against his artistic and wsthetic powei-s, 
any more than the scientific training, education 
and examination of the aspirant for military 
employment need exhaust hia physical qualities 
or his moral ones of courage and conduct." Most 
true. And can there bo any sane man who-for 
one moment could suggest that Registration, 
would be the means of completely destroying all 
artistic qualities r Would anyone if he became 
a registered architect at once cease to be an 
artist ? Would his facile i>encil be crippled ? 
Would his artistic abilities be numbed ? Would 
he then be unable to draw a figure or express a 
design if he became a member of a legally 
recognised profession!' Away with 'such absurd 
nonsense '. 

Again, 23 years ago the late Professor Kerr, 
in a paper read before the Ueneral Confei-ence of 
Architects in London on May 9, 18S4 (reported 
in the ,Ji,iiriiiil of the Institute, 1884, page 229), 
said: "In the first place, I may express my 
opinion that the Institute of Architects, 
established now fifty years ago under circum- 
stances very different from those of the present 
day, does not display either the vigour or the 
intelligence which the serrice of the profession 
requires, whether we look to the interests of the 
art or to those of the artists. It is to be hoped 
that something may be done in that cpiarter 
before long ; but it must take time : thirty years 
hence, at any rate, the Institute, we may safely 
say, ought to be much